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Full text of "Christian Cynosure"






m^t 



CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER, 1913. 



cyjoooofxxxjocxxro 




Labor Unions 

The Lodge Trust 

Grand Army Politics 

Christian Manliness 

vs. th \Lod« 

Our President's Letter 

United Ancient Order of 
Druids 

<XX>C)OOC>OC<XX)C^i<>3 



CONTENTS. 



jiconstructing History 129 

(iCect of Secrecy on Mind 129 

:n- Worshiping Missionary 130 

liege Hazing 130 

Lcial Science Study 130 

\bath School Clubs. 130 

[itributions — 

Ijabor Unions 131 

I^S^hy We Have Secret Societies 136 

Irhe Lodge- Trust 136 

pnited Ancient Order of Druids. 138 

['Organized Religion of the Natural 

Man" 139 

Christian Manliness vs. the Lodge 140 

ptorials — 

ISnglish Collegians Unbelievers 144 

traterhals Show Fight 144 

kn Experience vs. an Experiment 144 

|v\^ishes to Avoid an Inheritance 144 

The Master of Millions 144 

fc'otter's Field at Last 145 



Books Received ^^^ 

Secret Societies ^^^ 

Not Worthy 146 

Grand Army Politics 147 

President Writes Secretary 148 

A Delusive Word 149 

Danger of Masonic Railroading 149 

Bible as Foundation • • 150 

Evil Fellowship 150 

Welcomed by Gambling 151 

Average Active Life 151 

News of Our Work • • • 152 

President's Letter 153 

From Round Prairie. . 154 

Odessa and Catharine, New York 154 

A Lecture at Columbiana, Ohio 155 

Secretary Stoddard's Letter 156 

From Our Mail 157 

Two Witnesses of Revelation 157 

From Faithful Fenton 158 

Notes from Michigan , 159 

A Trinity of Evils. 160 



Ox^ J'KEEMASONRY. 



Freemasonry Illustrated . 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon .1 the Blue Lodge and 
Chapter consisting of f' en degrees. Profuselv 
^1 ustrated. 

Knig^ht Templaristili Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ritual of the six degrees of 
"^he Council and Commandery. 



'9 trr^^^^ "P 



ite riasonry Illustrated. 

2 voT^Per vol., cl' -• ,$t.oo: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entire 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Vol. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
luclusiye, with the sims, grips, tokens and pass- 
%ovoa from xs*' to 33ra 4^f» inr.lu»iver 

4®=-EXPLANATORY: Freemasonry Illustrated 
and Knight Templarism Illustrated give the 13 
degrees of the York Rite, and there are 33 degrees 
in the Scotch Rite. But the first three degrees as 
given in Free-masonry Illustrated belong to both 
Rites. So these books give 43 different degrees 
K (no duplicates). 

Vobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 

^nd enlarged edition, 40 pages, 

Kual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
s a Side Masonic degree con- 
jghts Templar and on Thirty' 



1 riasonry. 16 pages, 
ev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
Presbyterian church. 



Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand^Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees uf Freemasonry. 

i^ichardson's Moni^^or ot Freema* 

sonry. Cloth $i.2>>; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of Lodges. Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees* 
it is not only very incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it '?ii»es but a description 
and general idea of th*? degrees rather than the 
full ritual. 

Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ings, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, inclu'ang the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as "Freemasonry ' .rlustrated. " 

Look to the East. A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 

Notwithstanding the high price this book is 
very inferior in every way to Freemasonry Illus- 
trated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at a 
quarter the price. 

Allyn's Ritual of Freemasonry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, <g5.oo. 
Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
i-.odge, Chaot'cr Council and Commandery, 11 of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Key to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orang-^ Societies. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages. 



'^ 



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( 

hi 






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O'o 



V;3^ 






■"S'-»"co„J 




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JAMES POWERS. 

January 27, 1818— March 13, 1903. 




CONTENTS. 



special Notice 1 

James Powers 1 

Our Noble Cause 2 

Press Notices— "Mode/ii Secret Societies" 2 

Washington's Wish as to War 3 

Lodge or Church— Which ? 3 

True Benevolence and its Counterfeit.... 3 
Our Story— Some Members of the Church 

of Sardi^ 7 

Christians Should Shun the Lodge 9 

Materialistic Versus Spiritualistic. ....... 

Editorials- 
Annual Meeting 13 

Opinions 14 

Washington, Lincoln and Co-Patriots ... 14 
Denominations Excluding Freemasons 

From Church Membership : 14 

One More W^ord 14 

Extravagant Claims 15 

Damages for Ruined Husband 15 

NeAvs of Our Work — 

Annual Meeting 16 

Echo From Pennsylvania Convention. .16 

East and West 16 

A Faithful Friend 18 



Seceder's Testimony— 
H. S. Robinson 18 

Obituaries- 
Mrs, S. B. Latshaw, W. B. Bechtel and 
son, Rev. J. C. Gotwals, Mrs. ,J. B. Cur- 
ry, Samuel H. Longaker, Cyrus G. 
Shenk 18, 19 

From Our Exchanges — 

The Mark of the Beast 19 

Secret Society Initiation 19 

Freemasonry in India •. 19 

Secret Orders and the Church 20 

United Presbyterian Church 20 

What Results ShoAv 20 

Voices From the Lodge- 
Oddfellows' Distress Signal 21 

Are You a Mason? 21 

Expansion 21 

Dancing in Order 22 

Girls and Greek 22 

A Trip to Indiana 22 

O. O. H 23 

A Serious "Joke" 23 

A 'True Statement 23 

Index to Christian Cynosure, Vol. XXXV. 24 



In the Coils; 



"fzzje: 



OR- 



The Secret Lodge Conflict. 



BY EDWIN BROWJS GRAHAM. 






BY- 



REV. SHERLOCK BRISTOL. 



Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Size 5x7 >$. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical narrative. 

When the first edition was published the 
Editor of the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charming work, fit tor be classed with "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin," It Is indeed less a work of fiction. 
The whole group of actors and the principal events 
of the story are living realities, draven to the life; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are so 
woven into the woof of the tale, that the volume is 
as valuable for a book of reference as it is agree- 
able, truthful, and useful." 

The sudden death of the author placed new and 
heavy burdens upon the widow, who has the sym- 
pathy of the readers of the Cynosure, and we trust 
<vill have a large patronage for this book. 

Send orders to the 

CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 

CHICAGO. ILL. 



336 Pages. 
Cloth, 5x75^, Postpaid, 



One Dollar 



There is nothing so Interesting to the human 
heart as human experience; and this volume, set- 
ting forth scenes in the life of Rev. Sherlock Bris- 
tol, presents a wider range of experience in many 
lines of thought and action, and a greater variety 
of adventures than are often found concentrated in 
a single human life. The book contains much that 
is amusing and inspiring. — Rev. J. H. Fairchlld, 
D. D., President of Oberlin College. 



Rev. Sherlock Bristol now lives in Los Angeles, 
Cal. The Editor of the Cynosure began the perusal 
of "The Pioneer Preacher" as a duty, whl«i 8o6n 
changed into keenest pleasure. The price is $1, 
postpaid. And anyone dissatisfied after reading 
will have the dollar refunded upon the return of 
the book. The late President Fairchlld, of Oberlin, 
from whom we quote above, picked up this book 
for a half hour's scanning, but did not lay It down 
until he had read it through. Address 

CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, 
221 West Madison St. - Chicago, ills. 






'^4/ 
H 



'''^'^ ///. 




JOHN WESLEY, 
At the Age of Thirty-nine. 



i-r 



/ 






^ssz 



CONTENTS. 



jr 
r 



H 



John Wesley 33 

Were the Wesleys Masons 83 

Susanna Wesley 34 

The M. E. Church 35 

Wesley's Judgment of Freemasonry 35 

Lady Members of Other Orders 36 

National Christian Association — Annual 

Meeting and Convention 37-57 

N. C. A. Corporate Meeting 37 

Treasurer's Annual Report 38 

General Secretary's Report .39 

Resolutions 41-42 

Seceders' Open Parliament 42 

Why I Oppose Secret Societies — Address 

of Rev. Wilson T. Hogue 46 

President Blanchard's Address at Chi- 
cago Avenue Church 52 

News of Our Work .'»7 

Michigan Attention 57 

Convention of Christian Workers 58 

Other Chicago Meetings 58 

Report of Secretary W. B. Stoddard . .58 

The Work in Missouri 59 

j>^eeds no Comment 60 

Hold Oddfellows' Memorial on the Sab- 
bath 60 

Elks' Home Dedicated .60 

Saloon License for Elks 60 

Thirst in Kansas Lodges 61 

A Saloon Keeper Restored 61 

Murdered Man's Body 61 

Advertisements 61 



In the Coils; 



OR- 



The Secret Lodge Conflict. 



BY EDWIN BROWN GRAHAM. 



Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Size 5x7 >^. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical nanative. 

When the hrst edition was published the 
Editor ot the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charming work, fit to be classed with "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." It is indeed less a work of fiction. 
The whole group of actors and the principal events 
of the story are living realities, drawn to the life; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are so 
woven into the woof of the tale, that the volume is 
as valuable for a book of reference as it is agr«o- 
able, truthful, and useful." 

The sudden death of the author placed new and 
heavy burdens upon the widow, who has the sym- 
pathy of the readers of the Cynosure, and we trust 
will have a large patronage for this book. 

Send orders to the 

CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 

CHICAGO. 1LL> 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor 
221 West Madison Street, Chicago 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 

PRICE— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, ten cents. 

OISCOIMTI\U/\NCES-We find that a larg-e number of 
our subscribers prefer not to have their subscriptions 
interrupted and their files broken in case they fail 
to remit before expiration. IT IS THEREFORE 
ASSUMED, UNLESS NOTIFICATION TO DIS- 
CONTINUE IS RECEIVED, THAT THE SUB- 
SCRIBER WISHES TO HAVE THE CYNOSURE 
CONTINUED. Notification to discontinue at expi- 
ration can be sent in at any time during- the j-^ear. 

PRESEIMTATIOIM COPIES-Many persons subscribe for 
THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a sub- 
scription is a pres-nt and not regularly authorized 
by the recipient, we will make a memorandum to 
discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for the 
ensuing year. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blanchard, D. D., Pres. Wheaton College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An Important subject clearly 
and conipreheiisivelj handled. 
Is kiiMlly In tone, is dluvided into 
short, interestinG chapters, and 
is admirably adnpted to aid busy 
people. It ans^vcps the question, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavob 
World calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK/' 
Plan ot the Work : Part First 
answers objectioun, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration oil the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the wholo subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary ordc is — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such .is: "What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 

221 W. Madison St., 
Chicago, Ills, 




CONTENTS. 



Ir 



m 



Crowded to the Wall .65 

The Same Cry:— Join! 66 

Too Much Joining 66 

Does This "Attack the Army?" 66 

A Fair and Friendly Criticism 67 

New Departure in the Mission Field., 68 

Masonic Expansions 68 

National Christian Association— Annual 

Meeting and Convention 69-84 

Secret Societies— Address of President 

D. Nyvall 69 

From Rev. W. Fenton 73 

Anniversary of the National Christian 

Association ; .74 

Extracts from Letters of Corporate 

Members 74 

Character and Responsibility— Address 
of President Charles A. Blanchard .... 75 

Editorials- 
Masonic Charity and Benevolence. ..... .84 

Facts and Theory 85 

V 



Facts Against Theories 85 

Partakers of Other Men's Sins 86 

Modern Secret Societies 87 

Weakness of Pure Negativism 87 

An Anachronism 88 

Voices from the Dodge- 
Landmarks 88 

Tuley Refuses an Injunction 88 

In Prohibition Kansas 89 

He'll Take His Turn 89 

A Common Error 89 

Secret Society or Court— Which Must Be 

Obeyed 90 

A Distinction 90 

Origin and Antiquity of Freemasonry, .90 
Adoptive Masonry Not Freemasonry. . . .91 

Seceders' Testimonies 91 

J. D. Peterson 91 

Rev. W. A. McKenzie 91 

News of Our Work 92 

From Secretary Stoddard .92 



In the Coils; 



OR- 



The Secret Lodge Conflict. 



BY EDWIN BROWN GRAHAM. 



Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Siie 5x7 >i. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical narrative. 

When the first edition was published the 
Editor of the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charming work, fit to be classed with "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." It Is Indeed less a work of fiction. 
The whole group of actors and the principal events 
of the story are Hying realities, drawn to the life; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are so 
woven Into the woof of the tale, that the volume !• 
as valuable for a book of reference as it is agr«*- 
able. truthful, and useful." 

The sudden death of the author placed new and 
Heavy burdens upon the widow, who has the sym- 

Kathy of the readers of the Cynosure, and we trust 
rill have a large patronage for this book. 

Send orders to the 

CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE, 

CHICAGO. ILL 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blanchard, D. D., Pres. Wheaton College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An Important Hubjeut clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
Is kindly in tone, is dluTlded into 
short, interestisjo chapters, and 
is admirably Rclopted to aid busy 
people. It answers the question, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavor 
World calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK." 
Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such ;is: "What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach^" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Ot 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. AA- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 

221 W. Madison St., 
Chicago, Ills. 




\ttHie»ton, \^ 







THK BANE OF 01 K (^IVIL JN- 
STTTl TIOXS IS TO BK FOUND IN 
MASONHV, ALRKADV POWERFUL, 
AND DAILY HE( OMING MORE SO. 
I OWE TO MY (M)UNTRy AN EX- 
POSl RE OF ITS DAN(JERS.— f <^//. 

If /J/. Moroan. 



CONTENTS. 






Pi 



The Black Belt Society 163 

An Irrepressible Conflict 164 

''Great and Good" Rides the Goat 165 

A September Journey in 1882. 167 

Oome, Let Us Reason 173 

Rev. Newton Wray (Portrait) 176 

The Call to Separation 176 

A Fraternal Opinion on Insurance 178 

Kaights Templar 180 



Grand Army Statistics 180 

The Northfield Schools 181 

it 

Death Follows Initiation 181 

The Molly Maguires Again 181 

Defrauded Red Men 182 

Greek Letter Societies ' 183 

News of Our Work 184 

From Our Exchanges 190 

Labor Unions and Government Work 190 

Roman Catholic Pagan Religion 191 



ON FREEMASONRY. 



Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 

A complete expositor!, .f the Blue Lodge and 
chapter consisting ot f^ 'en degrees. Profuselv 
^strated. 



Knight Templarisf>i Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ritual of the six degrees of 
jhe Council and Commandery. 

Scotch Rite fiasonry Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cj'-- , $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir:: 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3ra to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Vol. II comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
^tojrjusiye, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass- 
words fmnti i«t to 33»d ^^ee induswe^ 

«®=-EXPLANATORY : Freemasonry Illustrated 
and Knight Templarism Illustrated give the 13 
degrees of the York Rite, and there are 33 degrees 
in the Scotch Rite. But the first three degrees as 
given in Free-masonry Illustrated belong to both 
Rites. So these books give 43 different degrees 
. (no duplicates). 

I Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
jpaper, 25c. 

'An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
lerred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty 
wo degree Masons 

Sermon on flasonry. 16 pages, 

ic. By Rev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
Inited Presbyterian church. 



Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c, 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand^Book of Freemasonry, 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c, 
By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the cornplete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees uf Freemasonry. 

^Jchardson*s Monitor ot Freema*' 

sonrj'. Cloth $i.2v,; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of^ Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only vfv incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it *»» /es but a description 
and general idea of the 4egrees rather than the 
full ritual. 



Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ings, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, inelu'ang the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as "Freemasonryjlustrated." 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry lUy?- 

trated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at a 

quarter the price. 

Allyn's Ritual of Freemascmry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, ^5.00. 

Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
Lodge. Chat)t;;r Council and Commandery, 11 of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Kev to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orang-^ Societies'. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages, 
5C- 





Polar Hicjht. 

Thou 5erv'6T 
A WAYMARK 



Just to let the Father do what He will: 
Just to know that He is true and be still: 
Just to follow hour by hour as He leadeth, 
Just to draw the moment's power as it 

needeth: 
Just to trust Him, this is all. Then the 

day will surely be 
Peaceful, whatsoe'er befall, bright and 

blessed, calm and free. 
Just to recollect His love, always true; 
Always shining from above, always new. 
Just to recognize its light, all=enfolding; 
Just to claim its present might, all°- 

upholding; 

Just to know it as thine own, that no 
power can take away. 

Is not this enough alone for the gladness 

of the day? 

— Frances Ridley Havergal 



CONTENTS. 



A New Organ 194 

Woodmen Open Cliieago Camp 194 

Most Powerful 195 

A Mosaic 195 

Contributions — 

The Lodge a Spiritual Counterfeit . . . 198 

Organization 197 

The King's Champion 199 

A Lodge Man's Confession 202 

Perilous Times 203 

A Ver^'- Lively Corpse 203 

Temperance ....'. 204 

Editorials — 

The Miller Case 204 

Views of an Attorney 205 

Our Allies . 206 

I "Extremely Narrow" 207 

Removed from Atheism 207 

Old Soldiers' Home 208 

The Christian Co-operative Association 208 
News of Our Work — 

An Introduction 210 

Indiana State Convention 211 

W. B. Stoddard's Letter 211 

President's Letter • • 212 



Iowa State Convention 214 

Iowa State Officers 214 

Resolutions 215 

From Our Mail — 

Cynosure in Brazil 216 

Very Interesting History 216 

From Our Exchanges — 

Farmers and Future Americans 217 

Union Labor on Farms 219 

Good Sense and Good Law 220 

Maccabees 220 

Greek Letter Politics 221 

A Mason After All ' 221 

Voices from the Lodge — 

No Decision 222 

Lodge Statistics 222 

A Loud Shout 222 

Freemasonry Hampered 222 

Ever Living Protest 222 

Knights Loyal a Social Company . . . 222 

Can't Resurrect Them 223 

A. and A. S. Rite 22S 

A Priest on Freemasonry 223 

Qualifications 223 

Masonic Optimism 224 



ON PHEEMASONRY. 



Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon .f the Blue Lodge and 
chapter consisting of f ' 'en degrees. Profosely 
^■irj.strated. 

s 

Knighl Templarisf/i Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ritual of tne six degrees of 
sbe Council and Coramandery. 

Scotch Rite flasonry Ellustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., el ' ■ • , $i.oor paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entire 
Scottish Rite, comprsing all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33fd inclusive. The first three de- 
?rep.s are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Ulustrated." Vol. 1 comprises the degrees trora 
Jrd to i8th inclusive. 

Vol.11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
Juclusive, wltn the signs, grips, tokens -^nd pass- 
wop<?.s f^r-yrn t%t to 33^0 rf^^ee Mar.lu«iw«. 

/I^EXPLANATORY: Freemasonry Illustrated 
and Knight Teinplarism Illustrated give the 13 
degrees of the York Rite, and there are 33 degrees 
in the Scotch Rite. Hut the hrst three degrees as 
given in Free-masonry Illustrated belong to both 
Rites. So these books give 43 different degrees 
(no duplicates). 



Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan, i lo pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand^Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees ul Freemasonry. 

Richardson's MonF.or ot Freema^ 

sonrj'. Cloth $i.2v,; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of Lodges. Chapters, 
Encampmeni3, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only ve^y incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it ".^/es but a description 
and general idea of th'? degrees rather than thfc 
full ritual. 



Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ings, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, inclu'iing the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is nol 
as accurate as "Freemasonry .dustrated." 

Look to the East. A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

'/ery inferior in every way to Freemasonry IHu?- 

crated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at » 

quarter the price. 




CHICAGO, DECEMBER, 1903. 




Polar Night. 

Thou 5erv'5t 
A WAYMARK 



/ 



The Believer's Creed 

BY THE REV. CHARLES A. S. DWIGHT 

I know 
Him whom I have believed, 
And so 
0! weight of sin and anxious care relieved 
I calmly wait 
My coming fate, 
Nor would its orderings anticipate. 

I love ' 

The Friend who first loved me. 
Above 

AH those who've been or can be friends to me. 
A poor weak thing 
To Him I cling, 
In faith that sometime me to Heaven He'll bring. 

I trust 
Him whom I know and love — 
And must — 
For other friend I've none in Heaven above 
Or earth below. 
Who loved me so. 
And virtue hath to conquer every foe. 

I'll see 
Him — now invisible — 
And be 
Where ransomed saints of earth with Jesus dwell 
From sorrow free, 
Full happily. 
Throughout the ages of Eternity. 

— New York Observer. 



CONTENTS. 



New Jersey Convention 225 

Our Magazine 225 

Cruel Swindling 226 

Not Christian Cynosure 227 

"Powerful Influences" ' . .227 

Instead of a Shovel 227 

Senator (?) Smoot .228 

Free Education for Sunday School 

Workers : 230 

The King's Champion .230 

Arkansas Scotch Rite Masonry 233 

Greek Letter Students Kill 234 

"Splenetic Utterance" 235 

The New Book 235 

Our Church and Their Lodge . . ... .236 

Exclusion of Women .236 

From One of Our Critics .236 

Rome in Spain 238 

Partial Toward Catholicism 238 

Roman Catholic School Education 239 

The New Standard Dictionary 240 

Obituary — Rev. William Fenton .242 

In Memoriam of the Late William Fen- 
ton 242 

President's Letter .* 243 

W. B. Stoddard's Letter .244 

New England Annual Report .... . .245 

A Michigan Meeting 248 

Illinois Work— Rev. R. W. Chesnut 248 

Arkansas State Work . . . ., 248 

From the Missouri Agent 248 

Among the Knickerbockers 249 

Portrait — Rev. Samuel H. Swartz 250 

Seceder's Testimony 250 

Minutes of Iowa State Convention. . 251 

Portrait — Rev. Louis Meyer : . . . 252 

The Tyranny of Lodges and Labor 

Unions , 252 

Secretary's Report Indiana Convention . 255 
Letter — Rev. Herman Lind 256 




MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blanchard, D. D., Pres. Wheatoa College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An important subject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
I8 kindly in tone, ii^ divided into 
short, interesting chapters, and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the question, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Cheistian Endeavoe 
WOKLD calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK." 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part . 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as: "What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 

221 W. Madison St., 

Chicago, Ills. - 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 



This Order is the auxiliarj^ branch ofTthe 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which|the 
latter and women relatives are eligible. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 

FREE CHRISTMAS DINNERS 

for 

200,000 

Poor People 

will t)e supplied by 
the Salvation 
Army throughout 
the U.S. Will you 
help by sending 
a donation, no 
matter how Small 
to the 

Salvation 
Army 

CHICAGO 

Headquarters 

399 State Street 

Chicago, III. 




H 



^^tt 







JOHN MILTON HITCHCOCK. 



CONTENTS. 



New Year's Gift 257 

Happy New Year League 257 

Students Register Protest 258 

The Lone Fighter— Ray Stannard Baker. 259 

To War on Mafia Bands 2G2 

Corporations' Artificial Personalities 2G2 

''Two Opinions" — Rev. J. M. Hamilton. .283 

The King's Champion — Chapter III 265 

Opposition to the A. O. U. W 267 

Pyrotechnic Order of Reformers 268 

"Subduing a Tempest" 270 

M. E. Church General Conference — Shall 

It Antagonize Fraternal Lodges .271 

Seceder's Testimony — Rev. M. D. Landis.272 

A Masonic Martyr 278 

Hope Needs Foundation 278 

Views from the Starting Point 273 

A Condition, a Testimony, and a Plea . . . 274 
Wheaton College Graduate — Rev. A. J. 

Bailey 274 

*'Empire" in Australia 275 

Masons Only Human 275 

Philip Ferdinand Thurber — Obituary .... 276 
Southern Illinois — Rev. R. W. Chestnut. 276 

AV. B. Stoddard's Letter. 276 

Minutes of New Jersey Convention 277 

New Jersey Convention Letters 280 

From Brother Lipp. . 282 

Iowa Convention Letters 283 

Indiana Convention Echoes — President 

Blanchard 284 

Indiana Take Notice — Rev. Joel H. Aus- 
tin 285 

Question and Answer.^. 285 

Resolutions — Indiana State Convention. .285 

Indiana State Officers 286 

Firemen Must Abandon Unions — Chi- 
cago 287 

That Suppressed Protest 287 

Why Pardoned and Lionized?. 288 




MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blanchard, D. D., Pres. Wheaton College. 

n FEATURES OF THE 800K 

An important subject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
Is kindly in tone, i» divided into 
ehort, interesting chapters, and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
peo»le. It answers the question, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavor 
World calls it; 

"AN ILLUMINATING BOOK.'' 

Plan of the Work : Part First; 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as: "What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. Ad» 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 

221 W. Madison St., 
Chicago, Ills. 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 



This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives are eligible. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 



A.O.U.W. 



POSTPAID, 10 CENTS. 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 

NatioMl CMstM issoclatioD, 

221 W. Madisoo St., Chicago, III. 





Sweet Gyhosurei 

FAR Fixed 

In Spotless Fields, 

High In The Regiohs 

Polar Might. 

Thou 5erv'6t 
A WAYMARK 



GEORGE WASHINGTON 



TWENTY AND SIXTY-FIVE 

Twenty years old, and ignorant of its con- 
tents, Washington was drawn into the Masonic 
lodge. . Sixty-five years old, not so ignorant of 
its contents and possessed of wide experience, 
with mature judgment, he persisted in his long- 
continued abandonment of the lodge. The boy 
went into the lodge, the man came out and re- 
mained out. 

Wide intervening experience appears 
matched by wide difference of judgment and 
attitude. Which judgment is based on wider 
knowledge, broader experience and riper ma- 
turity is not an open question. The great sol- 
dier and statesman, the general and president, 
is found outside the lodge which the boy of 
twenty had entered. With him ought tobe found 
those men who profess to revere and follow the 
Father of his Country. 



CONTENTS. 



What God Has Wrought in Brazil 291 

Division of Presbyterian Church in Brazil. 292 
Protest of Independent Presbyterian 

Church of Brazil 293 

Historical Attitude of Roman Catholic 

Church Toward Other Churc'hes 295 

A' Letter from Uncle Eben : . ;. .297 

The King's Champion — Chapter IV 299 

Editor and Cynosure Criticised 302 

Sanballat, the Horonite 304 

Hazing at Boston University 305 

Seceder's Testimony — S, U. Edwards. . . .305 

Obituary — Mrs. Margaret Hotter ..305 

President Blanchard's Letter .306 

The War on Mafia Bands 308 

Eastern Agent's Report 308 

About the Morgan Murder 310 

A Faithful Iowa Minister 310 

A Little Girl Murdered 311 

The Impudence of It 311 

The Masonic Methodist Church 312 

New York Convention 313 

Voices from the Lodge 314-317 

Ten Reasons for Separation 318 



Folly, Expense and Danger 

OF' 

Secret Societies. 

By CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, President 
of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
trial; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the sociaJ; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A B'aachard, D. D., Pres. Wbeatoo College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An important subject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 

J.» kindly in tone, i»t divided into 
short, interesting chapters, and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the question, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavor 
World calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK." 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as: "What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN AS'S'N, 

221 W. Madison St., 
Chicag:o. lUs. 




Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 



This Order is the auxiliarj^ branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives are elig"ible. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 



A.O.U.W. 



POSTPAID, 10 CENTS. 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — i 





• ■ a 




221 W. Madison St., Chicago, Ul. 




REV. ERNEST LEE THOMPSON 

Pastor M. E. Church, Steward, 111. 

;See page 336) 



■Hi 



CONTENTS. 



Pennsylvania State Convention 321 

New England Convention 321 

Wheaton Conference 322 

Modern Secret Societies 322 

Tiie King's Champion — Chapter V 323 

President's Letter 32G 

Rev. James P. Stoddard — Portrait 32S 

New England Headquarters — Cnt of 

Building 329 

Branded with Fire 330 

Do Benefits .Justify? 33 ) 

J^nother Oldest Order 331 

The Association and Organ Criticised. .. .331 
The President of the Association — Por- 
trait 334 

W. B. Stoddard's Letter 334 

From Oklahoma — Rev. Wm. C. Paden...335 

Report of Wheaton Conference 336 

Why I Joined and Seceded — Rev. Ernest 

Lee Thompson 336 

My Fraternity Experience — Julius Haa- 

vind 341 

Southern Illinois Conference 344 

The Pioneers' Life Association — Defunct. o45 
Wheaton College— ProL H. A. Fischer. . .345 

Rev. T. P. Robb, D. D.— Obituary 348 

Seceders' Testimonies — 

A. W. Lane 348 

Louis S. Bauman 350 

Would Christ Join? 351 

The Acme of Labor Unionism 351 

Mene Mene Tekel Upharsin. 352 



Folly, Expense and Danger 

OF" 

Secret Societies. 



By CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, President 
of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
trial; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
.college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blanchard, D. D., Pres. Wheaton College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An important subject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
Is kindly in tone, is divided into 
short, interesting chapters, and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the question, 
what Jesus would have one do. 
The Christian Endeavok 
World calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK." 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as : " What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer Itl " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents ; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 



^^^^ 


1 


1 


1 


^^^^ 




8 


H 


■P 




^M 


^R 


B" '0B 


^1 


^m 


f' / 


my- 


m 


9 




Hb \ jl 


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I 


i 



221 W. 



Madison St., 
Chicasro. Ills. 



Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 



This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of AmeHca, to which the 
latter and women relatives are elig"ible. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 



A. O. U. W. 



POSTPAID, ID CENTS 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 






lODai Diiri 

221 W. Madisoo St.. Chicago. Ul 







REV. WM. S. JACOBY, Chicago Ave. Church 

' (See page 368) 



» 



CONTENTS. 



Elder Woodsley's Christian Sciencin' 364 

Tlie Law of Love Applied to Cliristian 

Masons 356 

Tlie King's Champion— Chapter VI 356 

information Concerning the Druids 362 

Which Was Martyr — Masonry or Mor- 
gan ? 363 

New Plan Proposed for Modern Wood- 
men 363 

Masons Ignorant of Real Masonry 364 

President's Letter 365 

Stoddard's Letter .367 

How to Walk With God— By Rev. Wm. 
S. Jacoby 368 

Why Discuss Secret Societies? 374 

Hev. Newton Wray — An Experience .... 379 

Obituary — Rev. Amos Dresser. .380 

Index 381 



Folly, Expense and Danger 

OIF 

Secret Societies. 

By CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, President 
of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
c. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
t^al; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

Council of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 
The Complete Standard "Ritual of Council 
Masonic Degrees in C5rpher. 8th to 10th inclusive, 
Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
ter and Super Excellent Master. 



Cabala. Pocket size, full roan, 

Aap, $2.$o. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
Givinff the oegrees of Mark Master. Past Master, 
%(«*«&«txr^U«pt Master «nd Roval Arch. 




MODERH SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blanchard, D. D., Pres. Wbeatoo College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An Important subject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
Is kindly in tone, in divided into 
short, interestintr chapters and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the auestion, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavob 
WoEiiD calls it : 

"AN ILLUIVIINATING BOOK." 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideratioaof the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as : " What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents ; leather, $1.00. Ad* 
dress all orders to 

^ NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N^ 

221 W. Madison St., 
Chicago, Ills. 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 



This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives are eligfible. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Cliicago, III. 



A. O. U. W. 



POSTPAID, ID CENTS. 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 




lOnai BIM ASSOC! 

221 W. Madlsoo St., Chicago, Ul. 









VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, MAY, 1903. 



NUMBER I. 



THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSIRE 

OP^FICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

NATIONAL CnmSTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago 



SPECIAL NOTICE. 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicagro, 111., as second^ 
class matter. 



If the wren can cling 
To a spray a-swing 

In the mad May wind, and sing and sing 
As if she'd burst for joy. 

Why cannot I 

Contented lie 

In His quiet arms, beneath His sky. 

Unmoved by Life's annoy? 
— Robert Haven Schauffler. 



Our Eastern agent, Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard, will spend the first half of May in 
Chicago, and his services are at the dis- 
posal of any who would be glad to use 
him. It is scarcely necessary to say that 
he is an interesting lecturer. His address 
will be at 221 West Madison street, Chi- 
cago, in care of this office. 



The instrumental and vocal music for 
the Convention to be held at the First M. 
E. Church, Chicago, on Friday evening, 
May 15, will be furnished by students of 
the North Park College. The Convention 
will be addressed by President Blanchard 
and President Nvvall. 



"Where one man is called to be a hero 
on some great scale, ten thousand men 
are called to be courteous, gentle and pa- 
tient." 



Annual Meeting of the National Christian 
Association, May 14, 1903, 

The annual meeting of the National 
Christian Association will occur on 
Thursday, May 14th, at 10 o'clock, a. m., 
in Chicago Avenue (Moody) Church, 
Chicago, 111., for the election of officers, 
and the transaction of other important 
business. Charles A. Blanchard, 

President. 



JAMES POWERS. 



James Powers was born in Chenango 
County, New York, Jan. 27, 1818, and 
died March 13, 1903, at the home of his 
daughter, Mrs. Laura Ellis, of Geneva, 
111. His parents were pioneers in Canada 
and he spent his youth and earlier man- 
hood in that province. He was married 
to Lucinda Maria Powers March 18, 
1841, in Kirby, Canada. , Mrs. Powers 
died in 1882. Mr. Powers possessed a 
strong, sturdy character, and this com- 
bined with a social, genial nature gave 
him the love and respect of those who be- 
came acquainted with him. He was con- 
verted early in life and represented a 
strong type of Christian character. He 
was aggressive in reforms and always 
took an uncompromising position on 
questions of right and wrong, denounc- 
ing sin wherever found, and yet he al- 
ways manifested the humble, gentle, lov- 
ing spirit of Jesus. He was for many 
years a Corporate member of the Nation- 
al Christian Association and supporter of 
the Christian Cvnosure. 



Whatever you make an idol of will 
become the instrument of your greatest 
suffering. 






S^*^ 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



OUR NOBLE CAUSE. 



The trumpet is sounding, the battle begijis ; 
The armies of Christ are contending with 

sin. 
In secret, disguised as an angel of light, 
Deceiving poor souls who take darkness for 

light. 

The devil increaseth his army; but we. 
Though fewer in numbers, are stronger 

than he; 
For Jesus has promised the victory to all 
Who are true to His cause, and respond to 

His call. 

Then rally around the true standard of God, 
And walk in the footsteps the Savior has 

trod ; 
Throw all that encumbers and hinders away, 
Be armed and equipped with might for the 

fray. 

Be obedient to Him who his followers know, 

Is able and willing to conquer the foe; 

Withstanding him, Satan will leave us and 
flee, 

And Christ's church be redeemed, triumph- 
ant and free. C G. S. 



PRESS NOTICES. 



''Modern Secret Societies." By Charles 
A. Blanchard, D. D., President of Whea- 
ton College. An illuminating book, giv- 
ing in compact, readable form the argu- 
ments against Freemasonry and all other 
forms of secret societies. — Christian En- 
deavor World. 



''Modern Secret Societies." The au- 
thor of this little book, which purports to 
give in a compendious biit reliable man- 
ner, a large amount of information re- 
garding secret societies, is the honored 
head of the National Christian Associa- 
tion. * * * Dr. Blanchard is deeply 
in earnest in supporting the positions of 
this book, and his noble Christian charac- 
ter entitles him to a candid hearing when 
he addresses the public on any topic. — 
New York Observer. 



Those who desire to study- the argu- 
ment against lodgeism will find it thor- 
oughly convassed in this little book. We 
do not know whether all these assertions 
are facts, but some of them we do know 
are true, and this is presumptive evidence 



to our minds that all are genuine. Any 
one of them, however, is enough to con- 
demn the whole coterie of secret socie- 
ties in the opinion of anyone who desires 
to walk humbly with God. — Christian 
W^itness and Advocate of Bible Hoilness. 



"Modern Secret Societies" is a brief 
and comprehensive treatise covering the 
whole subject of secret societies. From 
a vast amount of material the author has 
selected so much as is pertinent and ap- 
propriate for the period in which we now 
live. It is an up-to-date book, and it is 
intended and eminently calculated to pro- 
mote the best interests, both of the 
church and of civil societies. — Rev. Wm. 
Wishart, D. D., in The Christian Instruc- 
tor. 



"Modern Secret Societies," by Clias., 
A. Blanchard, is a forceful, logical and 
well-written book, exposing the evils of 
the lodge system. The sources of infor- 
mation used are, the public exercises of 
the orders, their literature, the testimony 
of seceders, and the Word of God.. 
These sources of information supply a 
strong chain of evidence. All our evan- 
gelists should read such a good work on 
this subject, in order to warn the peo- 
ple intelligently against this great evil. — 
Live Coals. 



"Modern Secret Societies." This is 
just such a book as we have long wished 
for. The educational value of such a 
book can hardly be estimated. The dis- 
tribution of matter is excellent ; the treat- 
ment brief but comprehensive ; the style 
simple and clear; the tone unexception- 
able; and the arguments are sound and 
convincing. As might be expected, it has 
the flavor of the class-room and is a ver- 
itable text-book on secretism. — (Chesley,, 
Ont., Ca.) Associate Presbyterian Maga- 
zine. 



Our friend Josiah W. Leeds, of West 
Chester, Pa., has issued a valuable tract 
on "Elements of Success in a Christian 
Daily Paper." 



Wine is the most powerful of all agents 
for exciting and inflaming the passion*. 
—Lord Bacon. 






May, 1003. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



€0ntributton0» 



WASHINGTON'S WISH AS TO WAR. 



''My first wish is to see this plague to 
mankind (war) banished from the earth, 
and the sons and daughters of this 
world employed in more pleasing and 
innocent amusements than in preparing 
implements and exercising them for the 
destruction of mankind." — Spark's Life 
of Washington, Vol. 9, page 113, Edition 



LODGE OR CHURCH— WHICH ? 



Many persons are being confronted by 
this question and many more ought to be. 
It is a question of vital importance which 
of these a man shall choose. 

Long ago there was a question among 
God's people — Will we follow Moses or 
serve Pharaoh? Pharaoh said do both. 
He was willing to compromise if the peo- 
ple would promise but one thing, that 
was to return to him, so like the god of 
the lodge says go, join the church, wor- 
ship there, but return to me again. He 
has no objection to men joining the 
church if by so doing they do not leave 
the lodge, but what a howl of opposition 
he does set up when he knows that join- 
ing the church means leaving the lodge. 

The churches that are opposed to the 
lodge have a very much greater influ- 
ence than those churches which admit 
members of secret orders. They have 
their influence, first, because they are 
looked upon as having no ''fellowship 
with the unfruitful works of darkness," 
and are therefore supposed to exemplify 
the meaning of Christ's teaching and to 
impersonate Him, for He came to be "a 
light to lighten every man that cometh 
into the world." Second, because they 
have no undercurrent of secret scheming 
to shield the guilty. Third, because their 
membership represents a unit. All are 
equally yoked together, having taken the 
same vows in the same faith and they 
walk by the same rule, and those who 
have strong lodge inclinations seldom 
seek to associate with that class of peo- 
ple. 

He who puts in lodge first, must of ne- 



cessity seek a church of very slack disci- 
pline, and one which he believes will have 
but little if any influence over his pre- 
meditated inclinations and earthly aspi- 
rations; hence by his choice he shows 
which church he regards as having the 
strongest influence over the lives of its 
members. 

The church that bids for membership 
by throwing open its communion to 
those who hold another organization as 
superior, and to which they yield first 
obedience, makes itself a secondary factor 
in the economy of life, and by its act ac- 
knowledges its inferiority to earth-born 
institutions, and so it opens afresh the 
bleeding wounds of its crucified Re- 
deemer ! 

None are quicker to accept the mea- 
ger promises of hope ofifered by a world- 
ly church than those who will not give up 
the world for Christ ; hence this church 
increases in numbers, but its influence 
is naught upon the unregenerated who 
flock into it. It may have a zeal, but 
little godliness ; a form, but no power. 
He who will leave the world and dark- 
ness for Christ, will seek association with 
the people of God where Christ is King 
and where light reigns. 

Yes, it ought to be proclaimed from 
every pulpit that "Christ in secret said 
nothing." Christ's faithful followers are 
the salt of the earth, the light of the 
world. QUINCY LECKRONE. 

Glenford, Ohio. 



TRUE BENEVOLENCE AND ITS COUN- 
TERFEIT. 



REV. H. H. HINMAN. 



The Divine Principle and Plan of True , 
Benevolence. 



"A certain woman had an issue of blood 
twelve years and had suffered many things 
of many physicians and had spent all that 
she had and was nothing- bettered, but rather 
grew worse; when she heard of Jesus came 
in the press behind him and touched his gar- 
ment: For she said if I touch his clothes 
I shall be healed. And straightway the foun- 
tain of her blood was dried and she felt in 
her body that she was healed of that 
plague."— Mark 5: 25-20, 

He who taught us to pray 'Thy king- 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



dom come, thy will be done on earth even 
as it is done 'in heaven," will surely an- 
swer our prayer, for "he was manifested 
that he might destroy the works of the 
devil." With the coming of his Kingdom 
there will be a restitution of all things as 
they came from God. Sin, with its con- 
sequences — war, hatred, sorrow, pain, 
and death— will all give place to the pres- 
ence and joy of the Lord. 

Meanwhile human society is like that 
poor suffering woman. It groans under 
its burdens. It has poured out its mil- 
lions to false gods and for false remedies. 
Miserable comforters are they all. Ex- 
cept as men have come to Christ society 
has grown nothing better, but rather 
worse. Christ only is the Great Physi- 
cian. He only can heal the sufferings of 
humanity. But if it is the mission of 
Christ to bring in the blessedness of his 
Kingdom, so it is the mission of his peo- 
ple to be "workers together with him" 
and to do his work in his way. It is 
through human agency that satan is to 
be cast out and Christ enthroned. That 
divine love that was manifested in the 
gift of our Lord is the only remedy for 
sin either in the individual or in society 
at large. "Love is the fulfilling of the 
law, for all the law is fulfilled in one 
word, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as 
thyself." I need not say that no mere 
sentimentalism, no mere impulsive giving 
fulfills this Royal Law. 

The heart must first be the recipient of 
divine love before it can truly minister to 
others. Love in its manifestations must 
be active, earnest and judicious. It not 
only has its springs in divine goodness, 
but it takes as its pattern the example of 
the Master. It is not only unselfish but 
^ it is impartial. In its beneficence it knows 
no race and no caste. It does good, as it 
has opportunity to all men, "especially 
to them, who are of the household of 
faith," and ascribes all honor to the di- 
vine Lord, in whose name it gives even a 
cup of cold water to them who are in 
need. Such are some of the characteris- 
tics of true benevolence so grandly de- 
picted in the 13th of ist Corinthians, and 
which Prof. Drummond tells us is the 
"greatest thing in the world." 

This is the basis of all truly benevolent 
organizations. They may be more or less 



imperfect in their practical workings, but 
their purpose and methods are in all cases 
to exalt the Lord Jesus Christ and to 
transform mankind into his likeness. This 
is the hope of humanity. His Kingdom 
will come when Christ shall be enthroned 
in the hearts of all people. Then society 
will be transformed into the likeness of 
heaven. No change in the conditions of 
society will bring this blessedness to the 
individual. It is the change in each indi- 
vidual that will redeem society. 

The Counterfeit Plan and Its Agents. 

Now right over against this divine plan 
there are a multitude of human and Satan- 
ic inventions which are its counterfeits. 
They are a product of a wisdom that 
Cometh not from above, a wisdom that 
is not "first pure and then peaceable, gen- 
tle, easy to be entreated, full of mercy 
and good works," but wisdom that is 
"earthly, sensual, devilish," and which 
modern as well as ancient society is far 
too ready to adopt as the panacea for 
suffering humianity. Nor is it strange 
that the world should seek false remedies. 
They have from the beginning gone after 
false gods. "They have forsaken the 
fountain of living waters and hewed out 
for themselves cisterns, broken cisterns 
that can hold no water." 

The strange thing is, only this, that 
God's people should be involved in them 
and be sometimes their advocates or de- 
fenders. Our Lord said, "I will pray the 
Father and he will give you another 
comforter, even the Spirit of truth whom 
the world cannot receive because it seeth 
him not, neither knoweth him ; but ye 
know him for he dwelleth with you and 
shall be in you." He has commanded us 
also to "try the spirits" and told us that 
"every spirit that confesseth not that Je- 
sus Christ is come in the flesh is not of 
God ; and this is that spirit of antichrist, 
whereof ye have heard that it should 
come into the world ; and even now al- 
ready is it in the world" (I. John 4: 1-3)-. 

Comment on Report of the National Con- 
gregational Council. 

Among the systems of counterfeit be- 
nevolence that have been so attractive to 
the world and have so largely drawn into 
them the professed children of the King- 
dom, I want to call your attention to the 
so-called benevolent secret societies. In 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



doing so I shall not sit in judgment on 
the motives and characters of their mem- 
bers, nor do I propose to consider their 
esoteric character but seek simply to 
speak of their professions of benevolence 
and their non-fulfillment. The National 
Congregational Council which met in 
Portland, Oregon, July 7-13, 1898, re- 
ceived the report of a committee appoint- 
ed at a previous Council to consider the 
subject of secret and social societies. 

From that report I desire to make some 
brief extracts. First as to numbers. 
Leaving out of the account the Grand 
Army of the RepubHc and kindred mili- 
tary orders, the labor unions and the Col- 
lege Fraternities (the number of which 
cannot be less than 1,500,000), the num- 
ber of such organizations was found to 
be about 70,000, and their membership 
5,400,000, or nearly oiie-fourth of the 
adult male population of the nation. "The 
growth of such societies," says the re- 
port, ''has during the last ten years been 
rapid both in multiplication of such socie- 
ties and in members, the total annual in- 
crease being rated at 250,000." Since 
then there have doubtless been added an- 
other million of members. Now I wish 
to say in passing, that the growth of these 
societies will be found, as a rule, to be in 
an inverse ratio to the growth of the 
churches, and that the development of 
the one tends to the repression oi the 
other. In this year of 1898 there was a 
large falling off in the membership of the 
M. E. Church, while the Congregational, 
the Presbyterian and Northern Baptist, 
but barely held their own. The period of 
our greatest revivals, from 1828 to 1858, 
was the period of the greatest repression 
of secret societies. With the great revi- 
val of lodge influences and the lodge spir- 
it (and in this respect Oberlin has been 
no exception) there has been a corre- 
sponding dearth of spiritual revivals 
and spiritual growth. Surely these things 
have a relation one to the other. The 
report further says that "in the year 1896 
the expenditures of these organizations in 
benefits, gifts, and claims reached the 
enormous sum of $649,000,000, while in 
transportation, fees, banquets, testimo- 
nials, and regalia $250,000,000 were ex- 
pended. To these sums were added ap- 
proximately $42,000,000 for the rent of 



buildings, making a total of $941,000,- 
000, or about 150 times as much as was 
given for foreign missions, and this in a 
year of great financial stringency. This 
(says the report) "is not only a sum of 
vast financial proportions, but one which 
represents large outgoes of time and 
strength and social attention." 

The Two Kinds of Benevolence Contrasted. 

With such collated facts (says the re- 
port) "we realize that we face a condi- 
tion and not a theory in social life which 
demands and should receive a most con- 
scientious social study ; for the lodge and 
the club are largely characteristics of our 
times." Now let us inquire what becomes 
of this vast sum expended in the United 
States in a single year? The answer is 
partly given in the report. But is there 
not a large percentage that goes for ben- 
evolence, at least to relieve human suffer- 
ing, among the members of these orders ? 
Surely the societies that claim to be emi- 
nently charitable and whose benevolences 
are supposed to far surpass those of the 
church ought to be able to make a re- 
spectable showing. 

Let us inquire at the door of the L O. 
O. F., one of the most popular and re- 
spectable of all the secret orders. Offi- 
cial reports of Grand Lodges, to which 
the public has free access, dating back to 
1819, when the order was introduced into 
America, and continuing down to the 
present, show that while millions of dol- 
lars have been paid into the lodges, only 
about 33 per cent each year, on the aver- 
age, ever goes out for relief. 

Of the Masonic order statistics are less 
easily obtainable, but a single instance 
will illustrate. Of the $90,000 sent by 
Masons to relieve Masonic sufferers by 
the great fire in Chicago in 1871, it ap- 
pears by official report to the Grand 
Lodge of Illinois that but $30,000 was 
ever appropriated to that object, while the 
other $60,000 was used for other pur- 
poses. Compare this with the Louisiana 
lottery and it shows most favorably for 
the orders, for the lottery, though highly 
popular, did not pay out 3 per cent of its 
receipts ; but compare it with our truly 
benevolent societies, such as the Ameri- 
can Board, or any other missionary so- 
ciety, and the showing is far otherwise. 
^Missionary societies, as a rule, pay out 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



from 4 to 12 per cent for the entire cost 
of administration, or less than one-eighth 
of the cost of running the secret orders. 
Surely there is no benevolence in putting 
pennies in the urn of charity and taking 
shillings out. That there is no benevo- 
lence in these orders is seen in their con- 
ditions of membership. As a rule these 
orders require that candidates for mem- 
bership shall be white males of adult 
years (but not too old), physically sound 
and with visible means of support, able to 
pay for initiation and that they shall con- 
tinue to pay dues as long as such mem- 
bership continues. All of inferior caste 
or liable to become objects of charity are 
excluded, not because of unworthiness or 
want of moral capacity, but because they 
are women, children, aged, maimed, or of 
African descent. A moment's reflection 
will show that such a rule excludes nine- 
tenths of the human family and is utterly 
inconsistent with the plea that these are 
great plans of human brotherhood. 

How marked the contrast between such 
a system and the glad tidings of him 
'Vho came to heal the broken-hearted, to 
preach deliverance to the captives, the 
opening of the eyes of the blind, to set at 
liberty them that are bruised, and to com- 
fort all that mourn." How marked the 
contrast with the Christian Church 
which, with all its shortcomings, invites 
all mankind and goes to the end of the 
earth, that with constraining love it can 
compel them to come in. Its great influ- 
ence over the non-Christian world in hos- 
pitals and free dispensaries, for those for 
whom there is no eye to pity and no arm 
to save. Again, the unbenevolence of 
these orders is evident in the claims which 
they make to valuable knowledge and the 
exaction of a promise or oath of conceal- 
ment by those who are initiated from all 
others. 

Take Freemasonry as an example. In 
the language of its published manuals, in 
which its principles are set forth, it de- 
clares that 'Tt is founded on Liberality, 
Brotherly Love, and Charity. Truth is 
Its center, the point whence radii diverge 
and point out to its disciples a correct 
knowledge of the Great Architect of the 
Universe and the moral laws that are or- 
dained for their government" (Macoy's 
Manual, pages 7-8). 



Another writer says, ''Freemasonry 
contains a regular system of science — it 
includes every form of polite learning. In 
the contemplation of its mysteries the 
mathematician and the philosopher find 
equal satisfaction and delight" (Sickel's 
Masonic Monitor, Art. "Fellowcraft"). 

Another standard author says, "A 
Master Mason represents a man saved 
from the grave of iniquity and raised to 
the faith of salvation and inspired with a 
most cheering hope of that life and im- 
mortality that belongs to just men made 
perfect" (Mackey's Masonic Monitor). 

AH these manuals are not only used in 
the lodge but published to the world by 
Masonic authors. I do not stop to en- 
quire whether these pretensions are true. 
I have too much respect for the intelli- 
gence of my fellow-citizens to suppose 
that they believe them. But if they w^ere 
true what would be the duty of those who 
came to the knowledge of such truth ? No 
oath of secrecy would justify their con- 
cealment. Every principle of benevo- 
lence and every dictate of humanity 
would require that they be published on 
the housetops. How unlike is the pledge 
of concealment with the divine com- 
mand, ''Go ye into all the world and pro- 
claim the glad tidings to every creature." 

The Avowed Purpose of Counterfeit Chari- 
table Orders Not Anta^ronistic. 

One other item from the National Con- 
gregation Council's report speaks of the 
purpose of these secret orders. It says 
that, "So far as we can learn, these or- 
ganizations in general, while making 
large demands on the time, the social 
strength, and the pockets of their mem- 
bers, are in their purpose not antagonis- 
tic to the work of the churches." Now 
the same might be said of the gambling 
houses and the liquor dealers' associa- 
tions. They have no avowed purpose of 
hostility to the work of the churches. The 
liquor dealers especially would repudiate 
such charge. In their conventions they- 
always pass resolutions in favor of tem- 
perance and morality. But is anybody 
ever deceived by such chaff? Who does 
not know that the liquor traffic is the 
great enemv of temperance and of 
Christ ? 

So, too, with the lodges. If, as the re- 
port says, these orders "make large de- 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



mands on the time, the social strength 
and the pockets of their members," and if, 
as will be admitted, a considerable per- 
centage of these lodge members are also 
members of the churches, there must be a 
divided allegiance and a weakened loyal- 
ty to the Kingdom of Christ. When in 
the South I sometimes asked the colored 
brethren why they always went to the 
lodge rather than to the prayer meeting, 
and the reply was, ''The lodge will turn 
us out if we don't attend, but the church 
will not." As a rule lodge members are 
not the prayer meeting Christians. Lodge 
influences are worldly and Christians are 
affected by them. It was not without rea- 
son that Paul wrote to his Corinthian 
brethren, "Be not unequally yoked with 
unbelievers, for what fellowship hath 
righteousness with unrighteousness, and 
what communion hath light with dark- 
ness, and what concord hath Christ with 
Belial, or what part hath he that believeth 
with an unbeliever? Wherefore come 
out from among them and be ye separate, 
saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean 
thing, and I will be a Father to you, and 
ye shall be my sons and daughters saith 
the Lord Almighty" (IL Cor. 6: 14-18). 

Can Christians Countenance Counterfeits? 

What our Lord wants of his people is 
not a partial, but an entire consecration to 
him and to his church. The curse that 
was pronounced on Meroz, was not that 
she was 'in alliance with the enemies of 
Israel, but that she ''Came not up to the 
help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord 
against the mighty." 

Then, too, there are great multitudes 
that are abundantly satisfied with the re- 
ligion of the lodge, even though it de- 
mands no repentance nor any recognition 
of Christ, and the presence of Christians 
in fraternal relations with them confirms 
them in their false hope. 

In conclusion let me say that Divine 
Goodness has provided for human socie- 
ty three institutions, the family, the 
church, and the state. These are all 
benevolent in their origin and purpose, 
and when rightly administered, not only 
fill up the whole measure of human need 
but the full capacity of human activity. 
What social need or what worthy en- 
deavor does not come within the limits of 
these institutions. 



Secret societies are not the normal out- 
growth of, nor are they essential to the 
highest and best development of human 
society. They find no place in the divine 
plan and no warrant in the Divine Word, 
nor in the example of Him who said, 
"Men loved darkness rather than light be- 
cause their deeds were evil," and who also 
said, "I ever spoke openly among you. 
In secret have I said nothing." 

Oberlin, Ohio, Feb. 24, 1903. 



I OU R STO RY I 

I Some Members of the Church of Sardis. ^ 

i ^ 

^ BY Af/SS S. F. HINMAN. f 

"And to the angel of the church in Sardis 
write, These things saith he that hath the 
seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars: 
I know thy works, that thou hast a name 
that thou livest, and art dead." Rev. iii., 1. 

NO. V. 
The Doctor. 

He was a frank, good-hearted, clean- 
lived young fellow, somewhat slow and 
heavy in both his physical and mental 
constitution, but rendered a little more 
supple by a medical education and twen- 
ty-five years' contact with the world. 
When Jessie — she's his wife now — first 
saw him, she was reminded of her sister- 
in-law's severe generalization : "In the 
West the young men all look coarse and 
the old men weazened." There was no 
doubt that the doctor was a fine animal 
(which a certain popular writer has said 
is the first consideration) ; it remained to 
be seen whether he was anything more. 
Jessie's small nephew fell ill, and in de- 
fault of an older physician. Dr. Mallory 
was called in. He was cautious but 
skillful. Moreover, there was a manly 
tenderness in the way in which he han- 
dled the babe that went to the young 
girl's heart. So, though she scoffed when 
the doctor began to come as a suitor, she 
finally succumbed and seemed most hap- 
py in her surrender. 

Dr. Mallory had come to Carrington 
fresh from the medical school. He knew 
something of medicine and surgery, and 
something of life, but very little of either. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



Being open-minded, however, he strove 
to learn more. Unfortunately, he was 
solicited to pluck of the tree of the 
Knowledge of Good and Evil — organized 
secrecy — and finding, like Eve, that "the 
tree was good for food, and that it was a 
delight to the eyes, and that the tree was 
to be desired to make one wise," he 
yielded to the solicitation. He joined the 
church a year later to please his young 
bride, but, somehovvA, that did not seem to 
count. Who expects a newly-married 
pair to attend a prayer meeting, or to be 
active in any form of purely religious ef- 
fort? A card party, a little dance, a 
church or lodge supper — oh ! that's a dif- 
ferent matter ! 

Jessie Mallory pouted a little when, a 
few weeks after their marriage, the doc- 
tor resumed his lodge attendance, but 
acquiesced promptly when he said, *'It 
will help to get practice.'' I think the 
young doctor really believed this, not 
knowing that ability, industry, and gen- 
ial sympathy require no meretricious aids 
to preferment. He himself needed no 
Masonic grip to draw him from his bed 
at midnight, with the mercury at twenty 
degrees below zero, and enlist his pro- 
fessional services. Nor was he a man to 
whom one of the mystic brotherhood 
would resort, to hide under shelter of the 
Masonic oath the crimes sometimes con- 
cealed by unscrupulous members of the 
medical profession. It is hard to see, 
therefore, how he needed the lodge either 
as a professional or a moral (?) stimu- 
lus. 

Just two years and a half from the 
spring day on which Dr. Mallory began 
his professional career in Carrington, 
that small town was darkened by a trag- 
edy. A band of Indians returning home 
from a friendly visitation of some kin- 
dred living at a distance, encamped one 
Sunday on the outskirts of the village. 
To this camp came many visitors, in- 
spired by curiosity — and some by drink. 
Among these was a young laborer em- 
ployed by a Carrington farmer. His 
coarse, dull nature, still further embruted 
by drink, manifested itself in offensive 
and insulting speeches addressed to the 
squaws of the party. The patriarch of 
the company, a dignified old man in the 
garb of civilization, several times warned 



the reckless fellow to desist, but he paid 
no heed. At last, provoked beyond en- 
durance, the Indian fired upon the white 
man, inflicting a fatal wound. Blake (for 
that was the young man's name) was 
borne to the nearest house and Dr. Mal- 
lory was hastily summoned. A cursory 
examination revealed the fatal nature of 
the wound. The young fellow, who had 
recovered consciousness, surmised the 
truth from the gloomy eyes of the doc- 
tor. Reaching up a feeble hand, as a 
drowning man might grasp a straw, he 
clutched the Masonic emblem dangling 
from the doctor's watch chain. 

''Say, Doc, be I goin' to die?" 

'T hope not ; but you must be quiet. 
You're hurt bad." 

''Don't lie to me. Doc ; I kin tell by 
yer eyes. O Doc ! can't ye pull me 
through ?" 

The doctor shook his head sadly. 

"I wish I could, Blake, but I'm afraid 
I can't." 

"I never thought about dyin' ; I 'lowed 
I'd live to be real old. I ain't ready to> 
die, Doc !" 

The poor wretch, still clutching spas- 
modically at the trinket attached to the 
doctor's watch chain, became aware, at 
last, of its nature. 

"That's one of them Masonic badges,, 
ain't it? Say, they're pious, ain't they? 
I went once't to a Masonic buryin'. They 
talked about the Grand Lodge* above;, 
that's Heaven, ain't it?" 

The doctor nodded, but with a sudden^ 
new-born doubt. 

"I 'lowed to jine the Masons, but I 
never c'd scrape up money enough. It 
takes an awful sight, don't it? My ole 
mother use' to sing a hymn about 'salva- 
tion's free;' say. Doc, is it?" 

Again the doctor nodded. 

"Tell me how to git it, Doc; I need it 
powerful bad." 

"Let me send for a preacher, Blake," 
said the doctor with embarrassment. 

"I'm afraid there ain't time. No, no,. 
Doc, I can't wait. I — can't — die — so!" 
There was sharp agony in his last words» 

"I'll read a little to you from the Bi- 
ble," said the doctor, with soothing man- 
ner but inward disturbance. 

Some search brought to light a Testa- 
ment, and Dr. Mallory turned desperate- 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



\y to the first gospel. His nervous fii>- 
gers opened at the twentieth chapter, be- 
ginning with the parable of the laborers 
in the vineyard. On the bed beside him 
lay a poor idler, who had worse than 
wasted his day. Dimly his sluggish mind 
recognized the dreadful fact. There was 
no hope in the thought. 

" Tears like that don't fit me, Doc," he 
moaned. "O — Doc — can't — you — pray ?" 

The doctor dropped mechanically up- 
on his knees, his brain whirling. He had 
been much more loyal to the lodge than 
to the church, and Masonry does not 
teach its devotees the secret of true pray- 
er. However he began : — 

''Our Father, which art in Heaven, 
hallowed be Thy name." 

The smothered and stumbling utter- 
ance of a man unused and ashamed to 
pray, could not penetrate the dying ears. 
With a heart-rending groan the poor 
wretch passed from life. 

So helpless is the pupil of Masonry to 
guide his brother-man through the Val- 
ley of the Shadow of Death ! 



CHRISTIANS SHOULD SHUN THE 
LODGE. 



The fraternal acts and charitable deeds 
of Christians should be done through the 
Churcn of Christ, which knows all men 
as a brotherhood and every man, in need, 
as a neighbor and which gives to God all 
the glory of its world-wide fraternity and 
benevolence, and not through lodges 
whose brotherhood or neighborhood is 
onh^ lodge- wide and who take to them- 
selves in large part, the glory of their 
deeds. 

After saying to his disciples, '*Ye are 
the light of the world," the Savior com- 
manded, "Let your light so shine before 
men that they may see your good works 
and glorify your Father which is in heav- 
en." Many Christians ( ?) are letting 
their light shine in the lodge instead of 
the church, and as a consequence in many 
communities the lodge flourishes while 
the church languishes and the boast is 
made that the church fails to do her work 
of benevolence, but it is accomplished by 
the lodge. This boast could never be 
made truthfully anywhere, if the time, 
t;nerofv and monev which Christians now 



devote to lodges were turned into their 
proper channel of influence — the church 
of God. 

The church is the Divine Institution 
through which Christ's disciples are to 
glorif}- God by ministering unto the souls 
and bodies of all people. 

''Unto him be glory in the church by 
Christ Je.His throughout all ages, world 
v/ithout end. Amen." 

WALTER K. WILLIAMS, 

Conference Evangelist. 

Lincoln, Neb.. March 6, 1903. 



MATERIALISTIC VERSUS SPIRITUAL- 

ISTIC. 



BY REV. A. M. FRETZ. 

(Address at Pennsylvania State Convention, March 
16, 1903, at Mechanicsburg.) 

Very significant, indeed, are the words 
of the Apostle Paul, when to the Corin- 
thians he writes : "The natural man re- 
ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of 
God ; for they are foolishness unto him ; 
neither can he know them, because they 
are spiritually discerned" (I. Cor. 2: 14). 

Very significant his attitude and words 
when, in heathen Athens, the same apos- 
tle had an encounter with the Epicurian 
and Stoic philosophers, and standing in 
the midst of the Areopagus he declared 
concerning the, to the Athenians, un- 
known God : **He is not far from everv 
one of us, for in Him we live and move 
and have our being." ' 

This statement was regarded by the 
great apostle as the one great protest 
against the Pantheism, Polytheism and 
Materialism of the Athenians, and he 
who is spiritual, who ''looks not at the 
things which are seen, but at the things 
which are not seen ;" he who worships 
God, who "is a spirit, in spirit and in 
truth ;" readily comprehends this spirit- 
ual relation ; that God is a Father and 
holds to him as a child. 

Spirituality Kssential to Spiritual Diacern- 

tnenti 

In the passage first quoted the apostle 
shows the necessity of being spiritually 
minded ; enlightened to discern spiritual 
things. The natural man, who looks only 
at the material world, and has material 
gods, cannot understand the things of the 
Spirit. We are material beings, we live 



]0 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1908. 



in a material world, surrounded by things 
of a material nature, and hence are lia- 
ble to be materialistic in our tendencies 
and doctrine. There is, however, in man 
an inborn longing after God, and if we 
are not led by the Holy Spirit to find the 
true God, the mind will create, or find, a 
material God. 




REV. ALLEN M. FRETZ. 



Professing themselves to be wise, they 
became fools, and changed the glory of 
the incorruptible God for the likeness of 
an image of corruptible man, and of 
birds, and four-footed beasts, and creep- 
ing things. They exchanged the truth of 
God for a lie and worshipped and served 
the creature rather than the Creator." 
What a vivid picture the apostle here 
gives of the materialism of former times, 
and can we deny but that this picture 
holds good of the materialism and ma- 
terialistic tendencies of our day? 

In ancient times this materialism grew 
out of the philosophies and practices of 
such men as Epicuras and Zeno and 
other Grecian and Roman philosophers, 
but the truth that we are the "offspring of 
God" is unknown in its true spiritual 
bearing until we receive the revelation 
through the Spirit; for "the things of 
God none knoweth save the Spirit of 
God." 



Kternal Things Aloue Satisfy, 

Jesus says : "No one knoweth the 
Father save the son, and he to whomso- 
ever the Son shall reveal him." To have 
this revelation of God, to enjoy it, is to 
be spiritually minded. We can, then^ 
receive spiritual teaching and have the 
faculty of spiritual discernment. Of all 
things in heaven and upon the earth the 
most true, and real, and soul-satisfying 
are the things spiritual and eternal found 
in the book of God and in the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ. Yet "they are nothing to 
him who has no eves to see nor ears to 
hear." 

"No man when he hath lighted a can- 
dle putteth it in a secret place." The un- 
lighted candle can be where it will ; but 
when once lighted by the Spirit's flame it 
should be set on a candlestick. "If they 
shall say He is in the secret chamber, be- 
lieve it not." Have no fellowship with 
the unfruitful works of darkness." "Be 
not unequally yoked together with unbe- 
lievers ; for what fellowship have right- 
eousness and iniquity? Or what com- 
munion hath light with darkness?" In 
fact, the whole teaching of the Bible is 
contrary to the principle of secrecy. This 
being so, then lodgeism must certainly 
not be promotive of spirituality, but 
rather of the contrary. That which can- 
not bear the light will truly not promotq 
the light. These assertions I make not 
rashly but advisedly and conscientiously, 
and will with a few further observations 
seek to substantiate them. 

Secret Lodges Hinder Spirituality, 

Some one said, "If this convention can 
prove to me that lodges are of no benefit 
I will drop them." Just what benefit that 
man was seeking I know not. While we 
could, and possibly shall, show through 
the sessions of the convention that the 
lodge is in material m.atters-not beneficial, 
our object, now, is to show that in that 
higher relation they are less than bene- 
ficial — they are hurtful. Rev. C. J. Fow- 
ler, of the Methodist Church, writes : 

"There seems to be a burning question in" 
the Christian community relative to the 
great matter of secretism. Whether a Chris- 
tian man shall be a Freemason or a Red 
Man or a Blue Man or a Black Man. Wheth- 
er a woman shall belong to the annex to 
these things, and be a Daughter of Rebecca 
or Sally Jane. 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



11 



"I wonder if you eau sit with any relative 
ease and liear simply the mention of these 
thinj^s? I am not saying whether it is right 
or wrong for you to belong to these socie- 
ties. I do not raise the question, 'What is 
the relation of these things to the kingdom 
of God to which you belong?' Do they 
promote spirituality? Do they enhance the 
interest in revivals? Do they make it easier 
for men and women that have to do with 
these things to the pure and devoted, and live 
with a single eye to the glory of (Jod? Now, 
I am not answering these questions. I have 
light for myself. I am standing in my own 
number sixes, relative to this thing, and 
need to have no man say anything to me in 
regard to them. I settled them long ago. 
I want you to ansAver. I want intelligent, 
educated and serious ministers to answer it, 
and you in the laity to answer it, and to 
settle for yourselves what is the intiuence 
of these things on the kingdom to which we 
belong. 

"If a man is satisfied, all things consid- 
ered, that he gets a hold on men, and gets 
them to God better, and that the general in- 
fluence of these things is promotive of moral- 
ity and spirituality, you see the way is clear 
for him to put his time in these things. But 
if he is satisfied that they work the other 
way, he will put no time into that which 
hinders the interest of the kingdom." 

To the uninterested mind it may not be 
apparent to what extent the lodge system 
controls the life and activities of the 
church. A secretary of a Y. M. C. A. 
had joined several lodges in the hope of 
reaching and benefiting the young men, 
but soon found that his own spirituality 
was waning and his efforts to reach oth- 
ers was a failure, and so for self-pro- 
tection and for the benefit of others he 
came out from among them. He followed 
the young men into their secret cham- 
bers ; but w^as very much disappointed 
that they did not follow him to prayer 
meeting and the association rooms. 

Another secretary of the association 
gives a report in which he says : The 
churches and Y. M. C. A. rooms are al- 
most deserted by the able-bodied men in 
his community. Many who were once 
active in the church have joined from 
one to a half-dozen lodges and have lost 
all their interest in Christian work. 

Labor Lcdses. 

Lodges of working men hold most of 
their meetings on the Sabbath. Intem- 
perate men, profane men, and men of cor- 



rupt lives, who smoke and swear and rail 
against those who oppose them, compose 
the majorities, and when a man has 
breathed such an atmosphere for hours, 
and for a sttccession of weeks, he has no 
relish for spiritual things, and is more 
readily led into a house of shame than in- 
to a church, or a Y. M. C. A. meeting. 
Under lodge influence the commttnity has 
become fearfully corrupt, and the church 
almost powerless. The lodge is the devil's 
imitation of Christ's church. Satan's 
work is to keep men spiritually blind 'by 
keeping them in lodges, while Christ's 
work is to open their eyes that they may 
come to the light. 

Secret Lodgism Sure Materialism. 

The lodge system is pure and simple 
materialism under the veil of religion, 
and hence is antagonistic to the church of 
Christ and detrimental to spiritual life 
and growth, i. Their names betray their 
materialistic nature. There are Elks, Ea- 
gles and Buflfaloes, Red Men, Woodmen, 
and Workmen, also some Odd Fellows. 
There are Knights of almost all conceiv- 
able kinds and of many deceivable kinds. 
There are Sons and Datighters of various 
names and progeny, and many so-called 
craftsmen of claimed great antiquity. 

2. They make light of sacred things. 
The altar, the priesthood, high-sounding 
titles, etc., but their worship is sacrilege. 
It seems almost past belief ^nd yet it is 
true that Masonic authors freely admit 
that the lodge ceremonies are identical 
Vv^ith heathen worship. Mackey, one of 
the highest Masonic authorities, in his 
Ritualist, says : "The single object of all 
the ancient rites and mysteries prevailing 
in the very bosom of pagan darkness is 
still the great design of the third degree 
of Masonry — which is the sublime degree 
of a Master Mason. What spiritual ben- 
efit in sacrilege and pagan worship? 

What spiritual growth can be traced to 
the ludicrous initiations, the horrid obli- 
gations, the mock ceremonies ? How 
much increase of spiritual light and life 
will a minister, for instance, receive in 
being blindfolded and led by a cable-tow 
and in going through the exciting scenes 
of a mock death and resurrection ? How 
much more spiritual is a church for hav- 
ing a minister who has had such an expe- 
rience? 






12 



CHRiISTIAN GYNOlSURE. 



May, 1903. 



Appeal to Ministers. 

And now I want to appeal to my breth- 
ren in the ministry. How much more 
spiritual life do your twenty-five lodge 
members bring into your church and your 
prayer meeting? 

3. Are not their conclaves, banquets and 
carousals anything but spiritual, do they 
not rather minister to the lowest degree 
of materialism, foolishness, lust, sensual- 
ity ? I have attended church conferences, 
Sunday school and C. E. conventions, and 
have always been spiritually uplifted. I 
think you would not experience the same 
blessing in attending sessions like the 
following : 

Hundreds of men and women joined in the 
thirty-second anniversary and ladies' social 
session of Philadelphia Lodge, No. 2, Be- 
nevolent Order of Elks, at Horticultural Hall 
last night. 

Following the social session at the festive 
board there was a dance which continued 
until 3 o'clock this morning. 

Tell me, if you can, what spiritual ben- 
efit from such exercises as the following : 

Chicago, June 30.— Otto Bergman, an archi- 
tect, did not anticipate the horrors of an in- 
itiation into a secret society on the North 
Side, and now he has caused the arrest of 
five former friends. The five men have 
caused counter warrants to be issued on the 
ground that Bergman not only resisted in- 
itiation, but slugged his friends. 

"They didn't say a word about the red-hot 
irons, or the lake of ice, or the grizzly bear," 
said Bergman. "They've got them all, too. 
They had a thing like a punching bag that 
came down from the ceiling and knocked me 
out when I was delivering a serious speech 
on the brotherhood of man." . 

I am not denying the oft-made asser- 
tion that there are Christians in the lodge, 
but I do most earnestly as a servant of 
the Lord deny the propriety of such a 
fellowship. It cannot be otherwise than 
that lodge fellowship must weaken their 
spirituality, and as lodge devotion in- 
creases, spirituality must decrease. 

Adherence to One Lodge Tacit Indorsement 

of All. 

4. Whoever unites with any one of the 
great number of secret societies, gives a 
practical endorsement, not only of the 
order to which he belongs but to the en- 
tire secret lodge system. His mouth is 
closed to any effective testimony against 
others. Christ has made it our privilege 



to be ''workers together with him," and 
we cannot afford to place ourselves where 
our mouths shall be stopped and thus 
place ourselves on the side of anti-Christ. 
What, then, is the position of a Chris- 
tian worshiping in a secret lodge ? He is 
trying to do what God said ''Thou shalt 
not do," namely, worship the true God 
with a heathen rite. Aaron attempted to 
do this when he set up the golden calf 
and built an altar before it. But of them 
it is written, "They sacrificed to devils, 
not to God." The religion of the lodge 
is not Christian, hence not spiritual, but 
only material. The Christian religion — 
spiritual worship — is open, not behind 
tyled doors through which only those giv- 
ing a certain password can be admitted. 

The lodge is Satan's counterfeit of the 
church. The prince of this world is its 
Master spirit. Its worship in its highest 
type is materialism, coming in between 
Jesus and his people and drawing their 
attention and affection away from Him 
and deceiving them with the prospects of 
help for time and eternity, which can only 
be found in Christ. It is Satan's appeal 
to the carnal nature, which makes men 
deaf to the appeal of Jesus and his min- 
isters to the spiritual nature. What, then, 
should my attitude as a minister of the 
Gospel be in respect to this matter ? Here 
is what two ministers, who were lodge 
members, say as an answer to this ques- 
tion : 

Rev. J. K. Glassford, for many years a 
highly esteemed member in the United 
Brethren Church in Missouri, and now in 
the Free Methodist Church in Phoenix, Ariz. : 
"I was made a Mason in the town of Waver- 
ly, Iowa, though I was never one at heart. 
I read Morgan's Exposition, and was told 
by Masons that it was false, but I was in- 
itiated precisely as Morgan described. I was 
practically stripped, was neither naked nor 
clad, and had a cable-tow around my neck, 
and a hoodwink over my eyes. I was led 
around and made to repeat the ritual after 
the Worshipful Master, and the oaths, with 
the awful penalty of having my tongue torn 
out by its roots, and my body buried in the 
rough sands of the sea, at low-water mark, 
where the tide ebbs and flows twice in twen- 
ty-four hours— so help me God, etc. I took 
foud degrees, and began at once to expose 
and hold them up to ridicule. Very soon 
three Masons came to see me. I frankly told 
them they had lied to me and taken $40 of 



May, 1903. 



UHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



13 



my money, besides humbugging me, and now 
it was my turn to expose them. This I 
have been doing ever since, and will con- 
tinue to do as long as I shall live, God be- 
ing my helper." 

Rev. P. S. Henson, D. D., of the Baptist 
Church, Chicago: "When a young man I 
took the first three degrees in Freemasonry, 
When I got through the first degree it sick- 
ened me, and I told them I could stand no 
more. But they kept telling me I would find 
it better farther on. When I got through the 
third degree I told them I could stomach no 
more, and I have never had anything to do 
with the lodge since." 

The remedy for materialism is a high- 
er spiritual life. The remedy for ma- 
terialistic lodgeism is such a proclama- 
tion of the Gospel of Christ, and its pow- 
er to make men holy, good and happy, 
that the folly and wickedness of lodge 
communion and lodge covenants shall in 
contrast be abundantly apparent. 

What above all does the church need, 
does every Christian need in our time? 
Less materialism, more spiritual power. 
A closer living to Christ. A sweeter and 
more intimate fellowship with Him who 
is our Great High Priest ; the only Wor- 
shipful Master: the sovereign of Heaven 
and earth. 

Address at Pennsylvania State Conven- 
tion at Mechanicsburg, March i6, 1903, 
by A. M. FRETZ. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Cbarles A. Blanchard, 0. 0., Pres. Wheaton College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

All iniporlnnt subject clearly 
and c'oiiipreheiislvelj liaiKlled. 
In kiiully in tone, is divided into 
8hort, interestiiif; ehapters, and 
l» admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the question, 
wliat Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavor 
World calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK." 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as: "What Do 
Lodf^e Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges; Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 
221 W. Madison St.. 
Chicaiio, Ills. 



tDttorial 




FOR SALE. 

A beautiful home, one-half mile from 
Wheaton College, near railroad and elec- 
tric stations. A house of ten rooms, five 
acres of land, fine old trees, orchard, 
barn, etc. For particulars address K, 
207 South President street, Wheaton, 111. 



We have receives notices that a few of 
the copies of "Modern Secret Societies" 
sent out had forms misplaced by the bind- 
er. Any one receiving an imperfect copy 
will please return it to us at our expense, 
and receive a perfect one by return mail. 



S. Turner Foster, of the Boston Uni- 
versity, son of Rev. J. M. Foster, D. D., 
of Boston, was elected valedictorian of 
the Senior class by a two-thirds majority 
over his "Greek fraternity" opponent. His 
testimony against college fraternities 
(Cynosure, Sept., 1902), by staying out 
of them, has not been fruitless. His class 
graduates the 3d of June next. 



ANNUAL MEETING. 



The approaching annual meeting bids 
fair to be one of unusual interest. Ar- 
rangements have been made for a num- 
ber of conferences to be held, in and near 
Chicago, during the week before May 
14, which is the date of annual business 
meeting of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation. 

"Apart from me, ye can do nothing," 
Jesus Christ said to his disciples. "Apart 
from me ye can do nothing," our Lord 
says to us to-day. 

Let us pray daily, "without ceasing." 
for the Spirit, and power, and blessing of 
God to be with those who plan, ^nd those 
who speak, and those who attend these 
meetings. So that those who have long 
labored in this part of the vineyard may 
be cheered and strengthened in God and 
that many may be set free from these se- 
cret galling bonds, and that many may 
be kept from the snares of secrecy. "All 
things, whatsoever, ye desire when ye 
pray, believe that ye receive them and ye 
shall have them." 



14 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSUUE. 



May, 1903. 



OPINIONS. 
Washingtou, Lincoln and Their Copatriota. 

The opinions of public men in regard 
to any moral or political question are 
read or heard, with interest and atten- 
tion. 

When the views, in regard to a single 
subject, of several men, who lived, and 
thought, and labored at different times, 
are collected, their weight is increased by 
the association. 

In the pamphlet entitled, "Washington, 
Lincoln and Their Co-Patriots," have 
been collected the views of a large num- 
ber of men, who in their lifetime held, 
high position in the esteem of their fel- 
low-citizens, and in the government of 
their country, in regard to the moral 
character of secret societies, and the nat- 
ural effect of these orders upon Chris- 
tian institutions and a free government. 

The pamphlet is one of great interest 
to all who are interested in the right so- 
lution of moral problems. It contains in 
a few words, which a child could easily 
memorize, opinions which may prove of 
immense importance in the management 
of najiional affairs. 



WASHINGTON, LINCOLN AND COPATRIOTS. 

Sixteen pages and cover. Illustrated 
by fifteen half-tone portraits of distin- 
guished patriots and anti-secretists. Post- 
paid, per copy, lo cents; three copies, 25 
cents. Address 

National Christian Association, 
221 W^est Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 



By request we republish the list of 
churches which have testimonies against 
secret societies : 

The following denominations are com- 
mitted by vote of their legislative assem- 
blies, or by constitution, to the exclusion 
of Freemasons from church membership : 
United Presbyterians, United Brethren, 
Seventh-Day Adventists, Christian Re- 
formed Church, Primitive Baptists, Sev- 
enth-Day Baptists, Scandinavian Bap- 
tists, German Baptists or Dunkers. 
Friends, Norwegian Lutherans, Swedish 
Lutherans, German Lutherans of Synod- 
ical Conference and General Council, 
Mennonites, Moravians, Plvmouth 



Brethren, Associate Presbyterians, Re- 
formed ^Presbyterians, Free Methodists, 
Wesleyan Methodists, Hollanders of the 
Reformed Church, and various State and 
local associations of Baptists and Congre- 
gationalists. 



ONE MORE WORD, 

In the April number Rev. James P. 
Stoddard said, at the point where, in his 
reply to Rev. G. A. Wickwire, he ar- 
rived at the question of comparative cost 
of lodge insurance : "The relative merits 
of old line and modern mushroom insur- 
ance companies, and the cost of policies 
in each, has been so thoroughly ventilat- 
ed in the columns of the Cynosure, that it 
it quite unnecessary to discuss that point 
further." Yet a word concerning this 
point in Mr. Wickwire's well-written ar- 
ticle seems almost necessary. Brother 
Stoddard may be glad to have us caution 
his readers against inferring from his 
reference to these transient orders as 
modern, that their business methods also 
are distinctively modern. These lag far 
behind the really modern and up-to-date 
methods of life insurance. 

While appreciating Bro. Wickwire's 
general treatment of the subject of busi- 
ness combination to make united provis- 
ion for individual contingencies, we yet 
owe it to our readers to say that we can- 
not now endorse his opinion of the spe- 
cific methods of reducing it to practice, 
though almost identical with what was in 
earlier years the writer's own. Long and 
careful study of the business so attractive 
to lodge men and so powerful in drawing 
them in, has convinced us that more ques- 
tions are involved than once we under- 
stood, and more than our contributor ap- 
pears to understand now. It is a venial 
fault and a common one, if a fault at all, 
never to have solved the problems and 
traced the intricacies of life insurance. 
Brother Wickwire is where once we were, 
and writes as once we -wrote. He sin- 
cerely believes that the "fraternal benefit 
order gives insurance at the lowest rates.'* 

He thinks that the guaranty given by 
an insurance lodge and that given by an 
old-line company, are, so far as death 
benefit is concerned, identical. This is 
not so. 



Hay. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



15 



He imagines that more money must be 
paid the regular company to secure the 
death benefit. This, again, proves often 
otherwise, and sometimes very far other- 
wise. 

He confounds the terms "rate" and 
^'cost," but as insurance terms they are 
not identical. Neither is shown by the 
other in old line, and often they have lit- 
tle relation in the other kind. 

He observes the unquestionable fact 
that "old line insurance is not in business 
for its health nor for charity." Neither 
is fraternal. Insurance men of any sort 
work for something besides their health, 
and no insurance is charity. 

He thinks old line companies make in- 
surance cost more in order to pay "divi- 
dends to stockholders." He seems to im- 
agine "old line" companies to be "stock" 
companies. He appears to forget such 
leading names as Mutual Life, New York 
Mutual, Connecticut Mutual, State Mu- 
tual and Mutual Benefit of New Jersey. 

He thinks that lodges give insurance 
"at cost" and that companies cannot. 
How can mutual insurance be anything 
but insurance at cost ? 

Of course we are interested in lodge in- 
surance because we are opposed to the 
lodge itself and regard the insurance fea- 
ture as one of its attractions. This alone 
would incline us to deprecate such com- 
parison as would lead candidates to im- 
agine that by joining they could insure 
better than outside. But beyond this, we 
are sorry to see men make a poor invest- 
ment and buy disappointment and mis- 
fortune. We have no idea that Bro. 
Wickwire means to lead any one that 
way. Evidently he is sincere, and repre- 
sents his own real opinion. He also writes 
well, but while thus he makes it apparent 
that he has studied, he makes it likewise 
apparent that just at this point in his ar- 
ticle he is writing about a subject he has 
not vet broadly and thoroughly studied. 
He is obviously competent, however, and 
we are expecting him sooner or later on 
our side of the business question, what- 
ever opinion he may adopt or continue to 
hold about the lodge. 



EXTRAVAGANT CLAIMS. 



It is customary to make claims for Ma- 
sonry that need toning down. Some- 
times these relate to facts and sometimes 
to principles. For example, one who is 
wanted in the lodge will be told that all 
Presidents of the United States have 
been Masons ; again he will be assured 
that Masonry provides a good moral sys- 
tem. 

Taking these as specimen claims, we 
note that they catch at something to ex- 
aggerate. For instance, it is true that 
some Presidents have been Masons, while 
others have not. 

The first one had withdrawn from the 
lodge many years before becoming Pres- 
ident ; the fourth was one of the chief 
writers against Masonry. Others still 
have been either anti-Masons, or, at the 
least, not Masons. Yet it being true that 
some Presidents have been at some time 
Masons, there is a beginning for the ab- 
solute, sweeping statement. 

There are, too, certain precepts and ob- 
ligations which may seem in a limited 
sense and to a limited extent moral. A Ma- 
son promises not to cheat nor strike Ma- 
sons belonging to the same degree, and not 
violate the chastity of the wife or mother 
or sister or daughter of a mason of the 
third degree. But to claim that a system 
enjoining such limited obligations is of 
high rank as a code of morals, is ridicu- 
lously preposterous. "Do not even the 
publicans the same?" But of course 
where jMasonry lacks in substance it mu.-t 
pad out with pretension. 



DAMAGES FOR RUINED HUSBAND. 



Mrs. Mary A. Guytoii. of Marietta. Ohio, 
lias sued three sah)oii keepers of that town 
for .?."), 000 damafi:es for sellinjr her husband 
liiiuor. from the effects of which he became 
incapacitated for work. Mr. (Juyton was 
once the h^adinj; attorney of the county. — 
Bay State Issue. 

Why could not lodges be sued for in- 
juries and deaths caused by initiation? 
A man consents to be initiated, it is true, 
but he does not consent to be disabled ov 
killed. 



The less credit we get for our work 
in this life the more we will get in the 
life to come. 



"Men who take thought for to-morrow 
mav take no thouirht for etemitv." 



16 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



ietti0 of ®ttr Pori 



ANNUAL MEETING. 



ECHO 



FROM PENNSYLVANIA CON- 
VENTION. 



The Annual Meeting of the National 
Christian Association for reports of offi- 
cers and committees, the election of offi- 
cers and other legitimate business, will 
be held at Chicago Avenue (Moody's) 
Church, on Thursday, May -14, at 10 
o'clock a. m. 

Business meetings, usually replete with 
statistical facts, may not be in them- 
selves inviting to the general public, but 
there has come to be associated with 
these annual gatherings much interest, 
because of an opportunity afforded for a 
free and candid interchange of thought 
upon the subject of secret societies. 

The present indications are that our. 
May meeting will be of exceptional in- 
terest. Certain societies, churches and 
individuals are taking an interest in our 
work who have hitherto been silent. Our 
Swedish Mission brethren are manifest- 
ing a sympathy in the work approximat- 
ing; to audacity, and have resolved to 
preach upon the subject in their own 
pulpits the first Sunday in May in prep- 
aration for mass meetings to be held in 
each division of the city a week previous 
to the grand rally mass meeting to be 
held at the First M. E. Church, on the 
corner of Clark and Washington streets, 
within an easy stone's throw of the court 
house, on the evening of May 15. 

On Thursday afternoon and evening. 
May 14, at Moody's Church, there will 
be an exhaustive ventilating of secrecy in 
its varied phases. 

It is yet early, but in due time pro- 
grams in elaborate detail will be issued 
for all these meetings. Let every friend 
of the cause under whose eye this may 
fall, plan if possible to be present at these 
meetings, and whether present or absent, 
let there be an unremitting wave of 
prayer for the success of the May meet- 

J. M. Hitchcock,. 
Chairman of the Committee. 



mgs. 



"You are not saved by the literary co- 
herencies of the Book, but by its moral 
consistency." 



Mentioning the address of Dr. Swal- 
low to one oi the craft he retorted, ''He 
broke his oath, I suppose." I replied no, 
he revealed none of the secrets. On re- 
flection I am convinced that I was in er- 
ror. The Doctor revealed nothing of 
the ritual, oaths or secret words and 
signs of recognition in the seven or more 
degrees he had taken, but in "a. simple 
unvarnished tale" related how the young- 
er members were beguiled by liquor and 
led into debasement and shame by the 
influence and example of those steeped 
in corruption, and how for interposing to 
protect the young men he was tried and 
expelled, which was doubtless a violation 
of his oath to "ever conceal and never 
reveal," and so I am constrained to con- 
fess my error and to apologize to my Ma- 
sonic respondent for having spoken un- 
advisedly, should this correction come 
to his notice. Debauching young men 
was neither "murder" (in the first de- 
gree) nor "treason," and so not a crime 
against Masonic law and usage, and the 
Doctor must suffer expulsion for his pre- 
sumption. 

JAMES P. STODDARD. 



EAST AND WEST. 



W. B. Stoddard's Letter. 



Dear Cynosure : The sun is shining. 
The flowers are blooming. The advanc- 
ing leaves of the trees already afford their 
shade. Having just come from our great 
metropolis (New York City), where the 
winds were blowing, and the rain de- 
scending, and the season rather back- 
ward, I note the contrast. The season' 
hurries us along. We must toil while the 
day lasts, for soon the night will be here. 
Looking to God for sustaining grace,, 
bearing each day the burdens as they 
come, our lives may count for the most. 

The last half of March I was occupied 
in work north of and near Philadelphia, 
Pa. The towns of Barto, Bally, Emaus, 
Allen, Souderton, Lansdale, Morris, 
Yerkes, Gratersford and Oaks were 
among those visited. In Allentown I 
spoke to a goodly number who gathered 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



in the Free Methodist Church. At Sou- 
derton I spent a Sabbath in company with 
State President Allen M. Fretz, preach- 
ing in the two Mennonite churches of 
which he is pastor. It was his judgment 
and also that of the State Secretary that 
it would be well to hold the State Con- 
vention next year in Allentown. Unless 
there is a louder call in another direction 
I shall work to this end. 

I found New York and adjacent cities 
stirring as ever, marvelous enterprises in 
building, and transportation are there be- 
ing pushed. Day or night, rain or shine, 
winter or summer, this great center of life 
is always and ever on the move. Our re- 
form gains there. Many think they see 
an impending crisis. Either something 
will be done, and done speedily to destroy 
the power of these nocturnal conclaves 
that are making men slaves ruled by des- 
pots or there will be no American insti- 
tutions. The devilishness of lodgery is so 
apparent that thoughtful men everywhere 
are seeing it more and more. 

I was enabled to add some names to 
the Hst of Cynosure readers, speak in sev- 
eral Missions, and in many ways forward 
the work. I had the pleasure of speaking 
of our work and delivering a gospel mes- 
sage in the Charles Street United Pres- 
byterian Church, New York. I also met, 
as I have several times in the past, with 
the Missouri Synod Lutheran brethren in 
their conference in Pastor Seiker's 
church. I am always sure of a welcome 
there. The last lecture I delivered was at 
Lodi, N. J., in the Christian Reformed 
Church, of which Dominie Deiphous is 
pastor. Though the evening was stormy, 
the attendance and interest was good. The 
collection showed an appreciation of my 
e^Yort. Some wore glad to subscribe for 
the Cynosure. 

My face is now turned westward. By 
the time this reaches my readers I hope 
to be at work with the General Secretary 
in the preparation for the Chicago meet- 
ing. 

For Christ and reform, 

W. B. Stoddard. 



"To give up the church once a day 
means, being interpreted, that the time 
will come when the heart will relinquish 
the church altogether." 



A letter from Hon. J. A. Conant, of 
Willimantic, Conn., says : "I am laying 
plans to be with you if possible on the 
occasion of the Annual Meeting May 
14." We sincerely hope at that time to 
see our friend Conant and many others. 



The following is a sample of letters 
received every once in a while from lodge 
men, who do not understand the object 
of our association, but do know that we 
have correct expositions of the secret or- 
ders. For obvious reasons the postoffice 
and name of the writer is omitted : 

March 17, 1903. 
To the National Christian Association : 

Please forward me the book on Freema- 
sonry Illustrated, 640 pages, cloth $1.00. 
I am a Mason and as Deputy of the State 
I need the book so as to be able to lecture 
to the different lodges. Respectfully." 



Michael Motz, of Loudonville, Ohio, 
renews his subscription to the Cynosure 
and writes : "Would not do without it for 
twice the amount of the subscription 
price." 



The State president and secretary of 
the Pennsylvania Association are looking 
forward to next year's convention and 
vote to have it held in Allentown. Such 
early planning prophesies a virile Asso- 
ciation and a successful convention. 



Rev. Wm. Wishart, D. D., of Alle- 
gheny, Pa., writes : 'T am much pleased 
with the book, 'Modern Secret Socie- 
ties.' " 



Leland, Idaho, March 16, 1903. 
William I. Phillips, Chicago, 111. : 

Dear Sir : The Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows have just finished their 
Temple here and the Knights of Pythias 
and the Woodmen chipped in to help 
build it. Before the Temple was finish- 
ed, the Odd Fellows held their meetings 
in the hall over the hardware store. The 
primary elections were held in the same 
hall, and a man was detailed, who was 
not an Odd Fellow, to get the hall in 
readiness for the primary. The Odd Fel- 
lows had used their skeleton the evening 
b.efore and had forgotten to cover uji the 
coffin or box. Of course such a thing 



18 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



attracted the attention of the party clean- 
ing up the hall He reported that it 
seemed to be an actual human body, thor- 
oughly dried. A few days after the meet- 
ing of the lodge the hall took fire, and 
on Sabbath morning their skeleton god 
was burned up. 

(Rev.) M. C. PEARSON. 



Rev. T. F. Henning writes from West 
Bay City, Michigan, March 6, 1903: ''I 
am much pleased with the Christian Cy- 
nosure and would not like to be without 
it. It is excellent and practical and there- 
fore a journal needed by all ministers. I 
would like to see it in the hands of every 
member of the Lutheran Church." 



A FAITHFUL FRIEND. 



Dayton, Ohio, March 7, 1903. 
The Cynosure : Enclosed you will find 
an order for the renewal of your paper, 
for which I have been a subscriber from 
its first issue, about a third of a century 
ago. Like many others, I cherish the 
memory of the sages and heroes who 
have maintained their honest convictions 
against the practices of the unthinking 
multitude, and of their unscupulous lead- 
ers. The obloquy cast upon those wor- 
thies is their everlasting glory. Yours 
truly, (Rev.) MILTON WRIGHT. 



^ece^er0' Ie0ttmottte0. 



H. S. ROBINSON. 



Mr. Wm. I. Phillips: 

Dear Sir: I was an Odd Fellow for 
three years, having joined them after 
uniting with the church, not knowing the 
harm Odd Fellowship was doing to 
Christianity; but when I came to study 
into the matter, I quit them cold. I am 
distributing literature and will work 
against them. Yours very truly, 

H. S. ROBINSON. 
Kingsman, Kan., March 22, 1903. 

"The church ought to be first; the 
Christian Gospel ought to have the first 
claim upon human attention." 



®bituart). 



Dear Cynosure : How constantly are 
we reminded that this is not our abiding 
place. Every year, and almost every 
month, brings to us notice that one or 
m.ore of those who have been helpful in 
our work have passed from the scenes of 
earth. The Great Reaper has of late gath- 
ered many from this section. W^e can 
here only mention some whose lives have 
counted for the right as opposed to the 
Secret Lodge System. 

Mrs. S. B. Latshaw lived wdth her 
family at Barto, Pa'. She was an hon- 
ored member of the Mennonite Church. 
Her home was bright and cheerful. Her 
delight was in the service of the Lord. 
We were always sure of a welcome in 
this home. Many besides her family will 
remember this blessed life. 

W. B. Bechtel & Son was the business 
address of a firm in Bally, Berks County, 
Pa. Father and son have both been re- 
cently called from the scenes of earth, 
as we have reason to believe to their eter- 
nal reward. Their hearts and hands were 
open in the Master's service. The N. C. 
A. work had their approval and support. 

In the death of Rev. J. C. Gotwals, of 
Oaks, Pa., our cause has lost one of its 
faithful workers. For years he read the 
Cynosure and was, as he said he should 
be, a life subscriber. He suffered much 
in his last sickness. He rejoiced in the 
blessed hope of the gospel which for 
years he had sought to faithfully de- 
clare. 

Mrs. J. B. Curry, of Swatara, Pa., was 
the mother of a large family of children. 
Why she should have been called so sud- 
denly from the midst of her loved is one 
of the mysteries. Hers was a happy 
home. 

As a quiet, unassuming mother, she re- 
joiced in the progress of husband and 
children. On her so much depended, 
around her so many interests clustered, 
but she has been called. Her life must 
be lived in those she loved. As a Chris- 
tian mother she supported her husband 
in his anti-secrecy views and work. 

Samuel H. Longaker, of Schwenks- 
ville. Pa., chose to live the life of a Chris- 
tian, and comparatively speaking his life 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



19 



counted for much. He was prospered in 
business, and is said to have given as God 
gave to him. 

He loved the house of God. His spir- 
itual and financial support will there be 
greatly missed. The writer was happily 
surprised in a time of need in receiving a 
contribution to the N. C. A. work. His 
call came suddenly in the 6ist year of his 
life. We believe he was ready, and that 
our loss is his eternal gain. May God 
graciously raise up others to take the 
places of those we miss. 

W. B. STODDARD. 



CYRUS G. SHENK. 



Brother Shenk, of Deodate Dauphin, 
Pa., died March 22, 1903, aged 63 years, 
10 months and i day, after a week's ill- 
ness. A Bible Christian, taking the 
Word of God as the man of his counsel, 
he feared not to stand firm for the truth 
and to oppose all forms of sin. He was 
decidedly opposed to secret societies and 
a reader of the Christian Cynosure. 

St. Matthew 25 :2i was the text of 
his funeral service. 

C. F. KREIDER. 



bm ®ur tod)attge0. 



THE MARK OF THE BEAST. 



If an honest, Christian, laboring man, 
having faith in God as his basis of living, 
undertook to work at an honest business, 
be would be killed or maimed by the men 
hired to ''slug" any such man, unless he 
relinquished his simple faith in God and 
leaned on the labor union, by joining it, 
for his position. 

A witness in our local courts (Chica- 
go), testified that he was to be paid, 
while doing ''picket" duty at one of the 
foundrys, the sum of $75 for every non- 
union man whom he was able to maim 
so that he could not work. He told of 
certain ones who had been killed and of 
others maimed. Upon the latter he was 
unable to collect his money from the un- 
ion from the fact that they were not suffi- 
ciently injured. 

We say that this is the work of the 
beast, and that anyone who belongs to. or 



aids, or abets any federation of unions 
when this kind of work is constantly go- 
ing on, receives the mark of the beast. 

On the other hand, capital organized 
in a combine in our neighborhood ( forty- 
four dealers have just been indicted by 
the grand jury) has just succeeded in 
freezing scores of people to death, or 
unto mortal disease, and we contend that 
God has already indicted the guiltv par- 
ties for murder. This is also the mark of 
the beast. 

Our Bible teaches us that God, our 
Father, looks after the ravens, to feed 
them, and that if we will seek first Him 
and His righteousness, that all these 
things will be added to us, as He says we 
are of more value than many sparrows. 

Laboring man and capitalist, get sal-- 
vation, real genuine salvation, and God 
will look after your afifairs. — (Chicago) 
The Burning Bush. 



SECRET SOCIETY INITIATION. 



A judge at Grand Rapids, Mich., has 
just awarded $2,500 damages to Mrs. 
Mary E. Lewis, who sued the Modern 
Woodmen of America for $50,000 for in- 
juries received by her husband while be- 
ing initiated into the Cooperstown camp 
of the order a year ago. The man died 
of his injuries. We know nothing of the 
particulars in connection with this case. 
But the very fact that the judge awarded 
damages to widow is proof sufficient of 
the responsibility of the initiators for her 
husband's death. Were there no other 
objection to secret orders, the dangerous 
character of their initiation ceremonies 
ought to deter all prizing health and 
strength from entering them. There is 
nothing to be gained by identification 
with them, and even life itself mav be 
lost by it. — Reformed Presbyterian 
Standard. 



FREEMASONRY IN INDIA 



The command to "Cry aloud and spare 
not," oftentimes impels God's true ser- 
vants to cry out against that which in 
l^retence is so religious, but in fact is so 
degrading, and often murderous. There 
is nothing so harmful and so deceiving 
as that which is so near to the truth as to 



m 



20 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



resemble it in outward appearance and 
yet in essence is in no way like untO' truth. 
A religion substituted in place of the 
true religion is just as complete as a 
chain with a broken link. Freemasonry 
is the good chain with the broken link, 
and because the link is broken, men of 
every religion under the sun, Parsees, 
Hindus, Mohammedans, so-called Chris- 
tians, etc., etc., can meet together and 
have fellowship as "brethren." May God 
have mercy on the poor preachers who 
have to suit their prayers to the occasion, 
sometimes using the name of Jesus, at 
other times not daring to do such a thing ! 
If the Bible teaches anything it teaches 
us that prayer is to be offered to God, in 
the name of Jesus Christ, and how some 
missionaries, pastors, evangeHsts, dea- 
cons, teachers, bishops, etc., can have so 
much in common with an institution that 
will not admit the name of Jesus, is a 
conundrum hardly capable of being 
brought to a satisfactory conclusion — 
that is, satisfactory to all parties con- 
cerned. To all such entangled Christians 
we would offer a mild suggestion : ''Have 
no fellowship with the unfruitful works 
of darkness ;" "Lay aside every weight," 
and spend lodge hours in waiting upon 
God. — India Watchman. 



SECRET ORDERS AND THE CHURCH. 



From Our German Baptist Brethren. 



There are said to be 299 secret organi- 
zations in the United States, and it is 
further maintained that 298 of them have 
been modeled after Freemasonry, practi- 
cally the father of all the secret orders in 
this country. To understand Masonry is 
to understand much of what is in all of 
the rest. But these 299 secret orders are 
sapping the churches. In other words, 
they are robbing the churches of their 
men and money, and the strangest thing 
of all is, that the churches consent to be 
robbed. Thousands of church members 
are more concerned about their lodge 
than about the church services. When 
lodge evening comes they go to their hall 
down town and spend hours behind 
closed doors and drawn curtains. But 
when the hour of prayer at church ar- 
rives possibly not one-third of them will 



be found in their places. In the church 
and her work they seem little interested- 
It is the lodge that concerns them most. 
And thus the lodge takes their time, their 
money and their influence. All this is. 
unfortunate enough, to say even nothing 
of taking the husband and father away 
from the family. Knowing these facts, it 
is but reasonable that the Brethren should 
stand opposed to secret and oath-bound 
societies of every grade and order. What- 
ever good they may accomplish in a char- 
itable way, their influence is decidedly 
against the form of Christianity most 
clearly and forcibly set forth in the New 
Testament, and for this, if for no other 
reason, the Messenger must stand op- 
posed to them. — The Gospel Messenger.. 



UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 



Those are not wanted in our own; 
church who would compromise with the 
world on the subject of secret orders. 
They profess to be opposed to these 
works of darkness, yet they would open 
the doors wide enough to let the little 
ones into the church and run the risk of 
excommunicating them afterwards when 
they grow larger. They have not yet 
learned that "one sinner destroyeth much 
good." One secret order man in the 
church can do more for his order there 
than ten men can do against it. The rea- 
son is plain, he breaks the force of the 
testimony of the church by denying what 
she declares to be true. It is on this 
ground in fact that the church is enjoined 
to "purge out the old leaven" and to put 
away "the evil person." Such persons 
offend the Holy Spirit and weaken the 
power of the church against the enemies, 
of truth. The writer could name church- 
es where members of secret orders have- 
been tolerated and the result was that by 
and by hardly a working Christian man 
remained. The secret society men com- 
bined and ran the church to its down- 
fall. — Christian Instructor. 



WHAT RESULTS SHOW 



One of the pet principles of the labor 
unions is that whenever the members of 
the union do not want to work under 
certain conditions they will not permit 



May, 190r 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



•_'l 



any one else to work under the same con- 
ditions. This principle, like all other 
principles, should be judged in part at 
least by the results which follow its appli- 
cation. Two recent cases have come to 
hght. About one year ago Grace Pres- 
byterian Church, of Oswego, N. Y., em- 
ployed a non-union man to lay a cement 
walk; now other repairs are needed, but 
no union painter, plumber, tin smith, or 
•carpenter can be secured to do a bit of 
work on the building. In New York 
City George W. Vanderbilt is erecting a 
house on Fifth avenue. About three hun- 
dred workmen are involved ; the painters 
belonging to one brotherhood demand 
that the contractor shall discharge the 
members of another brotherhood. Nei- 
ther the contractors nor the owner are at 
fault ; it is entirely a fight between two 
branches of the laboring men's organiza- 
tions. Judged by the results it must be 
apparent that the principle involved is far 
from being correct in all of its details. — 
Wesleyan Methodist. 



f 0tce0 from tlie ?ot)ae. 



ODD FELLOWS' DISTRESS SIGNAL. 



Lafolllette, Tenn., July 21.— William Delap 
was shot and afterward robbed of $1,100 
and a gold watch by highwaymen on the 
outskirts of this city late last night. He 
was riding through the woods, and, hearing 
the Odd Fellows' distress signal, responded 
to it, when three men accosted him. Delap 
will recover.— Philadelphia Ledger. 

How do you suppose those bad fel- 
lows could have learned that signal? All 
Odd Fellows, you know, are good fel- 
lows, and you can not believe a man who 
has revealed. He is "a perjured vil- 
lain !" 



"And that no man might buy or sell, 
save he that had the mark" (Rev. 13: 
17) . ''And the third angel followed them 
saying with a loud voice, If any man 
* * * receive the mark * * '•' the 
same shall drink of the wine of the wrath 
of God * * *- and he shall be tor- 
mented with fire and brimstone in the 
presence of the holy angels, and in the 
presence of the Lamb" (Rev. 14: 9-10). 



ARE YOU A MASON? 



Our ancient and honorable institution, if 
report be correct, is to be caricatured upon 
the stage. A new farce from the German is 
to be soon produced by the great Prohman. 
We believe it was called in the original lan- 
guage "Lodge Brothers," but it will be pro- 
duced in this country under the title, "Are 
You a Mason?" We must endure such things 
as these with fortitude, and console our- 
selves with the thought that were we not 
truly great we would not be permitted the 
exquisite pleasure of being caricatured.— 
American Tyler, copied in Missouri Free- 
mason, 1901. 

Of course we have not seen the play 
and cannot tell what it proved to be, but 
what a chance such orders offer for cari- 
cature ! 



EXPANSION. 



"The union employes of the South Side » 
street railway of Chicago ask that all men 
in the mechanical department and the barns 
and all conductors and motormen hereafter 
employed by the company shall be members 
of the association and must be turned in for 
initiation within thirty days of the time they 
are hired. This is a demand the company 
will not be willing to comply with. It will 
be likely to see therein a move on the part 
of the employes to 'get control of the road.' " 



Central Rebekah Lodge, No. 274. 
Centerburg, Ohio, April 18, 1901. 
Mr. Chas. A. Poland, Editor Companion: 

Dear Sir— It is the sincere and unanimous 
desire and voice of the members of this 
lodge that we be granted the privilege of 
taking into membership women of good 
moral character, whether their husbands or 
fathers are Odd Fellows or not, and are in 
favor of the Grand Lodge so extending the 
law. Fraternally yours, 

Kittie Riley, N. G. 

Ad die Arnett, Secretary. 

The O. F. Companion quotes in the 
same issue the following item in the his- 
tory of the mixed male and female de- 
gree or order to which the above com- 
munication refers. 

"I have carefully traced the history of this 
degree from its first inception. It is unique 
in character and without a parallel in rec- 
ords of fraternal organizations. Very little 
of it is known during the first seventeen 
years of its existence. Placed in the be- 
ginning in a 'straight jacket,' being confined 



mm 



warn 



■■■1 



09 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



to the wives of Scarlet degree members only, 
thus shutting out a large body of the mem- 
bership and their Avives, it was given no or- 
ganization for working privileges, though 
obliging its members to work for the relief 
of the distressed, the sick and the needy, 
and was thus held for the period of seven- 
teen j^ears." 

The original Rebekah influenced her 
son to deceive his father, the modern Re- 
bekahs lend their influence to a deceptive 
system, to which, being women, they are 
ineligible, but which their husbands, fath- 
ers and sons join to copy Jacob in carry- 
ing out the false lesson. The tribe of 
Rebekah the Syrian is expanding. 



"The Masonic order, which during the dark 
ages preserved the Scriptures, teaches liber- 
ty, fraternity, equality and the brotherhood 
of man. Masons have always been on the 
side of liberty. King Edward of England 
said that he liked to be a Mason because it 
made him an equal with other men."— From 
address of Judge Brown before Lawton 
(Oklahoma) Masonic Lodge. 

''Only those in equal degrees are on 
equal terms in the lodge." 

In the light of Masonic penalties, we 
are reminded by the above clipping, of 
the terrible words of the Prophet, "Be- 
hold I proclaim a liberty for you, saith 
the Lord, to the sword, to the pestilence 
and to the famine" (Jer. 34: 17). And 
the words fraternity and equality must 
be used in a purely Masonic sense, since 
the lodge government is purely despotic. 
"The word of the W. M. is law." 



DANCING IN ORDER. 



ident of the ladies' auxiliary. The danc- 
ing was kept up to the we sma' 'oors o' the 
morning. At the last regular meeting on 
the evening of March 12th, another new- 
member was presented, and the interest the 
members are taking in the meetings this, 
year is very encouraging." — The Fiery Cross. 

Is the new member a good dancer? 



GIRLS AND GREEK. 



The Greek letter fraternities in the fresh- 
water colleges are more and more adopting 
the fashion of winter house parties, when 
their club houses are turned over to their 
''best girls," duly chaperoned, and dancing 
and social frivolity prevail for a period. 
This is all very pleasant, but we can imag- 
ine the faculties groaning over the injection 
of such diverting matters, especially as the 
men who most enjoj^ this sort of thing are 
the very ones whose scholarship tenure i& 
most in doubt. It will not be strange if 
time reveals that this giddy departure must 
be regulated by the college authorities in 
the interest of those objects which colleges 
were created to serve. 

This editorial paragraph derives pecu- 
liar value from its source, being the ut- 
terance of that newspaper which comes 
nearer than almost all others to the first 
position in the ranks of American jour- 
nalism, namely, the Springfield Reptibli- 
can. 



A TIP TO INDIANA. 



"Clan Campbell, No. 57, Concord, N. H., 
held its fifth annual conversazione on the 
evening of March Tth. The concert pro- 
gramme was the best seen in the city for 
a number of years. The star attraction of 
the evening was the dancing of the High- 
land fling and the sailor's hornpipe by Miss 
MacMath, of Waltham, Mass. Not only as 
a dancer but as a singer of Scottish songs, 
she won the admiration of those who were 
fortunate enough to hear her. After the 
concert supper was served in the banquet 
hall. The tables were nicely decorated with 
potted plants and if any one left those ta- 
bles hungry, it was no fault of the com- 
mittee having the affair in charge. Dancing 
was then in order, the grand march being led 
bv Chief Dooning and Mrs. Dunstane, pres- 



TVhy can't we get out of this useless old 
rut of having the Governor and Mayor and 
a half dozen other potentates extending in 
formal language a "thrice welcome" to the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge, when it is known 
as a fact that whether in groups or singly, at 
a session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge or 
other times, we are quite as welcome, and 
made to feel quite as much so, if we con- 
duct ourselves as ladies and gentlemen 
should, and pay our hotel bills at the rate 
of from $4 to |8 per day— the more the 
better. Usually "welcoming speeches" are a 
mighty poor lot anyway. Excuse us, we pre- 
fer to go fishing.— Talisman. 

We are a little surprised to find this 
copied into the Odd Fellows' Companion, 
but are glad to give it a further circula- 
tion so that it may come to the attention 
of other secret society men. Welcoming 
speeches of this sort are probably in some 
cases rather perfunctory. It is hard to 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



23 



see how the mayor of a city into which a 
Triennial Conclave of Templars comes 
with its importation of drinking and de- 
bauchery can be very heartfelt. 



O. O. H. 

An exchange, in its fraternity department, 
advertises a "session" of the "Oriental Order 
of Humility." We are charitable enough to 
think that the editor has never been 
"through" that affair, and was Ignorant of 
its processes.— O. F. Companion. 

Its initials spell an exclamation which 
naturally comes at the thought of such a 
joiner's session. Humiliation and humil- 
ity are hardly to be trusted to keep long 
together. Otherwise the O. O. H. might 
be less needed, but now we favor its or- 
ganization in every place filled with join- 
ers. Of course there will be no need of 
special robing or disrobing, skulls or cof- 
fins, or hope-to-die oaths — for the order 
of humility will naturally retire into suffi- 
cient secrecv. 



A SERIOUS "JOKE." 



BY REV. GEO. D. HELDMANN. 



I have always believed that only the most 
able and best members should be chosen to 
till the offices of a Catholic organization. 
Good and able officers should always be the 
pride of all subordinate courts of the Cath- 
olic Order of Foresters. Good officers— a 
good court; neglectful officers— a neglectful 
court; incompetent officers— and the result la 
confusion and mismanagement. 

This being the case, what is one to think 
if a subordinate court elects, as has recent- 
ly been done by one of them, an officer of 
whom it is well known that he is not only 
incompetent, but that, as far as Christian 
education of his children is concerned, he 
stands in conflict with his church? The 
writer is familiar with this case and knows 
of what he speaks. 

The members who have been asked why 
they elected such a iiuni give as an answer 
that they did it for a joke, and that they had 
not looked upon the matter as serious. 

It is to be regretted tliat there are alwayi 
some among us who remain children, even 
thougli they may be men in years. Our order 
should be a matter of serious concern to ua. 
We want men, and not boys. Our principles 
are serious and we desire to see them pro^ 
tected bv men who have their heart in the 



right spot and who know what it means to 
be a true Catholic Forester. 

To elect men incompetent and without 
principle as officers of a court may appear to 
many to be a joke, but it is indeed a serious 
joke, and one that maj- be followed by se- 
rious consequences.— Catholic Forester; offi- 
cial journal and assessment notice of the 
Catholic Order of Foresters. 

Note the disqualification indicated in 
the second paragraph. 



A TRUE STATEMENT. 



He had just joined the order. 'T wish you 
to send your paper to my address. I like it. 
I read Brother 's paper before I be- 
came a member, and it gave me tlie idea 
tliat I should become a member of an order 
having such noble principles and that was 
doing the good for mankind— and young 
men, especially. Before reading your paper 
I kneAV very little of the worlv being done, 
but I soon found that such work and asso- 
ciation was just what every young man 
needed and presented my petition. The 
more I see of the worlc the order is doing, 
and the more I attend the lodge, the better 
I am satisfied that I have done the correct 
thing. My address is ." 

And any young man, or older one, as well, 
who reads a good paper devoted to the in- 
terests of the order, will be benefited. Ev- 
ery lodge will gain in membership if it will 
circulate among those whom they desire 
to get into its folds, information of work 
the order is doing. Try it, brothers, and 
the results will be many fold.— O. F. Com- 
panion. 

Could any of our readers think of a 
way to apply that to the society called 
the National Christian Association or the 
periodical called the Christian Cynosure? 
Secrecy and mummery may not be essen- 
tial to the plan. 



"And the night shall be filled with mueic. 
And the cares that infest the day 

Shall fold their tents like the Arabs 
And as silently steal away." 

— Selected. 



"The cross was not built for millions, 
but for the sinner, though he be the soli- 
tarv offender in creation." 



"An awful sight is a crowd of men ; 
the bustle, the rush, the apparent hilarity 
cannot hide the tragedy." 





INDEX TO 



VOLUME XXXV. 

(For the twelve months ending April, 1903) 



CONTRIBUTORS. 

Andrews, Mrs. L. C. 

Bachman, Rev. C. W. 

Blamchard, President Charles A. 

Bose, Rev. B. M. 

Brakemen, E. 

Brow^n, Rev, E. Howard. 

Bruce, Hon, J. J. 

Oouto, N. S., M. D. 

Davidson, Rev. F. J. 

Fenton, Rev, William. 

Foster, Rev. J. M. 

Foster, Rev. F. M. 

Freeman, C. A., M. D. 

Gillespie, D. M., M. D. 

Good, Samuel M. 

Gould, Esther L. 

Hart, D. W. 

H in man. Rev. H. H. 

Hinman, Susan F, 

Inman, Will. 

Leekrone, Elder Quincy. 

Leeds, Josiah W. 

Lenkerd, Rev, A. 

Lipp, Elder A. B. 

Miller, Rev, J. Kurtz, 

Millard, A. J. 

Page, Gerome E. 

Post, Rev. Woodruff. 

Post, Rev. W, Stanley, 

Root, Rev, E, D. 

Shanibarger, Jacob. 

Stoddard, Rev. James P, 

Stoddard, Rev, W, B, 

Stratton, Rev, L, N. 

Swartz, Rev. S ,H, 

Taylor, J. Dimock. 

Tressel, Rev. E. L. S. 

Trumbull. Rev, C. D, 

Ward, Rev, C, B, 

Westervelt, Rev. J. A, 

White, John S, 

Wlickwire, Rev, George Alfred. 

Williams, Rev, P. B, 

WoUam, J, Arthur, 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 
Portraits. 

Page. 

Adams, Charles Francis 303 

Adams, John 297 

Adams, Jdhn Quincy 298 

Amsden, Rev, B. M 420 

Bissell, William C 33 

Blandhard, President Charles A .54, 281 

Bruce, Hon. J. J 323 

Carradine, Rev. B., D. D 78 

Chase, Salmon P 304 

Dexter, Samuel January cover 

Eliot, President Charles W 275 

Fairchild, Ex-President James H,May cover 
Finney, Ex-President Charles G 

2d page cover, June 

Foster, Rev, J. M 318 

Grant, Ulysses S 304 

Hinman, Miss S. F 285 

Hitdhcock, J. S 72 

HoverstO'Ck, William 392 

Leekrone, Rev, Quincy , , ,387 

Lincoln and his son Tad 302 

Marshall, John 300 

McClelland, Dr, William 

November cover and 235 

McCoS'h, James, D. D., LL. D 283 

Moody, D. L 52 

Morgan, Captain William . . September cover 

Perham, Jonathan Stevens 370 

Phillips, Wendell 307 

Pieper, Rev. Franz, D. D August cover 

Pike, Albert 21 

Rosenberger, Mr. and Mrs. I. J 355 

Rush, Richard 299 

Seward, William H 308 

Stevens, Thaddeus 305 

Stoddard, Rev. J. P 61 

Strieby, Rev, M, E., D. D 4 

Sumner, Charles ■ 305 

Sutelifee, John 339 

Torrey, Rev, R, A 52 

Tressel, Rev. E, L, S 411 

Trout, Elder I. Bennett .130 

Trumbull, Rev. C, D 251 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



lio 



Tucker, Jasper J 385 

Washington, George 29(j 

Webster, Daniel 9, 30(J 

Weed, Thurlow 308 

Westervel't, Rev. J. A 311 

Miscellaneous. 

Bunker Hill Monument July cover 

Carpenter Building April cover 

He Surrendered His Own Dignity 28 

Hoo Ho'O 23G 

Independence Hall, Philadelphia 82 

Masonic Ohart 33(5 

Moody Bible Institute, Men's Department 52 
Moody Bible Instlitute, W'omen's Depart- 
ment 52 

Moody Church, Chicago Ox 

My Neighbor 220 

Osiris 24 

Revelation of the Man of Sin and the 

Lawless One 238 

Statue of General Albert Pike 17 

COLLEGE FRATERNITIES. 

Chief Initiator Instantly Killed 24 

College Fraternities 146 

College Fraternity Initiation— Beta PM 

Sigma 126 

Oberlin College and Greek Fraternities . . 3 

Place Beer Keg on Bible 126 

Secret Societies in College 399 

Student Shot in Hazing Bee 126 

Wisconsin Universitj"^ 266 

EAGLES. 

Aerie No. 1 Seattle 361 

Anderson Aerie No. 174 425 

Another Aerie in Massachusetts 425 

Buzzards, Not Eagles 425 

Fraternal Eagle, The 330 

Olympia Aerie No. 21 331 

Seattle Aerie No. 1 361 

West Superior Event, A 426 

EASTERN STAR. 

Devotees of Terpsichore 361 

Eastern Star Not Freemasonry 159 

Eastern Star Shut Out 159 

ELKS. 

Elks Defended, The 27 

Elks Find an Advocate in Xenia, Ohio. .118 

Elks' Initiation 26 

James Neill Balks at the Elks' Initiation 26 
Will Fight Street Carnival 118 

FRATERNAL INSURANCE. 

About Lapses 362 

Catholic Fraternal Societies 331 

Crudities and Inequities 329 

Day of Reckoning 361 



Fraternal Associations Hit 143- 

In a Nutshell 294 

Insurance, Uncertain 124 

Lapses, About 362 

Life Insurance Suggestions 201 

Not Incontestable 289 

Old Line and Fraternal Insurance 188 

One More Claim 361 

Property Basis of Life Insurance 99 

Puzzling Statements 225 

Reaidjustment 329 

Root Idea of Life Insurance, The 12 

Uncertain Insurance 124 

Upbuilding of the Order, The 352 

Warning From Inside 362 

Worth Careful Reading 32^ 

FREEMASONRY. 

An AnacTiToniistic Claim 191 

Anti-Ohrlist Pressing Hard, The Masonic. 427 

Anti-Masonry Not Insanity 97 

Authentic Lodge Records 288 

Best Men, The 161 

Chastity, The Obligation of 11 

Conclusions of a Past Grand Master . . 166 
Confession Concerning Masonic Oaths . .326 

Correspondence on Freemasonry 38 

Davis', Jeff, Masonic Membership 13 

Deacon's Opinion, A 150 

Disqualificattion, A 408 

Distinguished Freemasons 369^ 

Dowered by Religions 289 

Eastern Star ....see under "Eastern Star" 
Eminent Authority— Finney on Masonry 120 

Experience with Masons, An 322 

Familiar Masonic History 158 

Fifty Year Mason's Protest, A 362 

Finney on Masonry 120 

Freemasonry Anti-Christian? Is 18 

Freemasonry in Italy and France 208^ 

Freemasonry in Legis'lature and Con- 
gress 151 

Freemasonry Saved Two Lives, How . ..160 

Freemasonry' s Past and Present 43 

Freemasons Assemble in Jerusalem ....112 

Freemasons in Presibj-tery 358 

Glimpse of Masonic Thought 167 

Glimpse of Scotch Rite Masonry, A 

14, 100, 152, 191, 261 

"Grand Lodge I'roceedings" 222 

Guard the Mount Vernon Tomb 286 

"Hounded to Death" 376 

How Freemasonry Saved Two Lives ..160 

How I became an Anti-Mason 148 

In Memoriajm — Albert Pike 16 

Inside Testimony 158 

Is Freemasonry Anti-Christian IS 

It Sounds Fine 158 

Jetf Davis' Masonic Membership 13. 

Letter to an Eastern Editor, Open 105 

Lincoln and Ills Co-pntriots .... 301-308 

Lodiic K«H*ords, Authrntic 288 






26 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



Lyncher Had Ring in His Nose 418 

Masonic Anti-Christ Pressing Hard, The. 427 

Masonic Bible, The 123 

Masonic Bombast 186 

Masonic Methodist Church, The 364 

Masonic Murder? Was It a 201 

Miasonic Murders 117, 149, 180, 213, 257 

Masonic Pictures 288 

Masonic Premium, A 237 

Masonic Terms Need Interpreting 122 

^'Masonry Divine" 351 

Masonry Sub Pretextu Juris 359 

M'asoms Should Petition Congress 116 

Matson, Sheriff, Dead 338 

Mex^ican Masonry 168 

"Mighty Lord, Heavenly King" 218 

""Morals and Dogma" Reviewed 18 

More Masonic Initiations Than Ever . . . .401 

Noble Work Begun in Brazil, A 229 

No Christianity in the Blue Lodge 98 

No Creed 158 

Oath After Oath 90 

Obligation of Chastity, The 11 

Odell, Rev. D. D., Dead 150 

One Mason to Another 81 

Open Letter to an Eastern Editor ....105 

Orig-iin of Freemasonry 180, 255 

Origin of Freemasonry, Question as to. .112 

Other Institutions . 288 

Our Conclusions 166 

Out of Accord 191 

Patron Saint 158 

Pike, Albert — In Memoriam 16 

Pike, General Albert 18 

Pike's Grave Visited 17 

Prsident Among the Masons, The 351 

Profane 371 

Protest, A Fifty Year Mason's 362 

Question as to^the Origfin of Freema- 
sonry 112 

""Reasons for Masonry's Life" 222 

^'Regular System of Science" 162 

Romanism, Masonry, Christianity 211 

Ruined Minister — A Deserted Church . .199 

Scotch Rite Exposition Criticised 234 

Scotch Rite Masonry, A Glimpse of . . . . 

14, 100, 152, 191, 261 

Scottish Rite Tastes 162 

Sheriff Matson Dead 338 

Shibboleth Refuted, The 167 

Slanderers Confused, The 166 

"So-called Higher Degrees" 194 

Sounds Fine, It 158 

Spurious Letters of Washington 287 

Suicide of a Mason 159 

Supported iby Church Contributions ....381 
Sutcliffe, Deacon John— Renunciation of 

Masonry 330 

Theology For Masons, A 160 

Trifling 119 

Twenty and Sixty-five. Washington at. .338 
Vengeance Executed 142 



Wants Masons to Bury Him 29 

Washington and His Co-patriots . . . 295-300 

Washington as a Mason 259, 338 

W^ashington at Twenty and Sixty-five . .338 

Washington's Birthday 350 

Was It a Masonic Murder? 201 

Was Solomon a Mason r . 209 

Webster, Daniel — His Opposition to Free- 
masonry and His Letter to Delegates 
to Democratic Anti-Masonic Convention 

of Pennsylvania 9 

Were David and Solomon Masons? 339 

Worship of Secret Societies Offered to 

Satan, The 83 

X and M 230 

Youngest Thirty-third Degree Mason . . 160 

LABOR UNIONS AND STRIKES. 

Accuses Miners' Union 367 

Brass Molders' Union 163 

Coadhmens' Union and Sunday Wed- 
dings 204 

Congressman Calderhead's Opinion of Or- 
ganized Labor 224 

Eliot, President, on Labor Unions 274 

Fate of the 17,000 Non-union Miners ..269 

Going Too Far 271 

Industrial Orders, The — Chapter From 

"Modern Secret Societies" 281 

Invaded Right and vVhat It Means, An. .204 

Labor, The Rights of 343 

La/bor Unions, President Eliot on 274 

Labor Unions, Trade and 135 

Mafia Threatens ^Miners 226 

Miners Charge Boycotting, Intimidation 

and Violence During Strike 283 

Mine Workers' Union 204 

Outcasts and Traitors 365 

Philosophy of Strikes, The 182 

Plain Truth About the Strike, The 202 

President Eliot on Labor Unions 274 

Priest Accuses Miners' LTnion 367 

Responsibility for the Coal Strike 201 

Rights of Labor 343 

Riots and Rioters 178 

Servant Girls Form a Union 224 

Sunday Weddings, Coachmen's Union 

and 204 

Trade and Labor LTnions 135 

Trouble Among Union Pressmen 331 

Violence in Strikes 272 

MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA. 

Initiation May Cause Death 24 

Life Insurance Suggestions 201 

Lodge Tragedies 237 

Readjustment ." 329 

Ro.val Neighbors of America— Ritual and 
Installation Work .169 

ODDFELLOWSHIP 

An Impression of Oddfellowship 96 



May. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Don't You Tell— Oddfellow's Cypher Rit- 
uals •*- 

No Need of Churches 2G() 

Oddrfellow Fraud, An 42 

Oddfello^v in Trouble, An 327 

Oddfellowsihip, An Impression of 9() 

Oddfellowship ChaHty 24(.) 

Oddfellowship, Some Facts and Figures 

Oddfellow's Widow, An : 74, 130 

on 215 

Rebekah Candidates 416 

Saw His True Friends 109 

Some Facts and Figures on Oddfellow- 
ship 215 

Three Links Snapped 11 

Unfounded Claim, An 110 

OTHER LODGES. 

Ancient Order of Amoreans 232 

A. O. U. W. in Trouble 205 

Boodlers' OaitJli, The St. Louis . . 183, 210, 207 

Brothei-fhood of the Union 289 

€atholic Fraternal Societies 331 

Chosen Friends, Order of 119 

I>aug'hters of Scotia, Hartford Clan 330 

Fraternal Associations Hit— Bohemian- 
Slavonian Society of the United States, 
Commonwealth Provident Association, 
Bag'le Life Association, Knights of 
Equity of the World, Royal Fraternal 
Union, Royal Templars of Temperance, 

and Union Fraternal League 143 

Fraternal Tri'bunes 223 

G. A. R., Question as to 204 

Good Templars ' 402 

Hartford Clan, Daughters of Scotia 330 

High Binder, Lay Murder to 120 

Hoo Hoo 236 

Hurt at Lodge Initiation— Order of Wash- 
ington 24 

Incorporate Modern Aztecs 25 

Jesuitism, Ancient and Modern 

210, 258, 291, 334 

Jesuit Persecutors 293 

Knights of Pythias 200 

Knig^hts of the Globe . 78 

Knig'hts of the Golden p]agle 382 

Ladies' Clan, A— Order of Scottish Clans. 3(51 

Ladies of the Macca^bees 199 

Lay Murder to Highbinder -.120 

Mafia Threatens .Miners 22(5 

^lodern Aztecs, Incorporate 25 

Not Incontestable— Brotherhood of the 

I'nion 289 

Order of Chosen Friends 119 

Order of Washing-Ion 24 

Osiris— A New Side Degree 24 

Patriarchs INIilirant Ritual 42 

Question as to G. A. R 204 

Rathbone Sisters 3()2 

Rebekah Candidates 41«i 

Righteous Decision. A (Jesuitism) 2(5i; 



Romanism, Unusual Light Upon 373 

Royal Neighbors of America— Ritual and 

Installation Work 1(59 

Secret Soi-iety Movement in China, The. 190 

Unusual Light Upon Romanism 373 

Victory for a Secret Society (Fraternal 

Tribunes)) 223 

Woman's Order. A— Riithbone Sisters . .3(J2 

Woodmen of the World 187 

Yowman Order, Seceder From 128 

INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 

Annual Meeting Notice 1, 401 

Annual fleeting and Convention Report 

51, 72 

Addresses 'l)y Rev. J. P. Stoddard at An- 
nual Convention 55, 61 

'An Impression of Oddfellowship 9(3 

iVnti-Miasonry Not Insanity 97 

Appeal for the Work, President Blan- 

chard's 128 

Appeal for the Southland, An 142 

Alphabetical Abuse 1(52 

Age of Gold, The October cover 

Anachronistic Claim, An 191 

A. O. U. W. in Trouble 205 

Across the Ocean— ^Secret Societies in 

Europe 205 

Ancient Order of Amoreans, The . '232 

Annual Report of Secretary J. P. Stod- 
dard 244 

Adopted in 1902 by the Reformed Pres- 
byterian Synod. Recommendations 247 

Advice to German Baptists 271 

Authority of the State 272 

Authentic Lodge Records 288 

Amsden, Rev. B. :M.— Obituary 392 

Aerie No. 1 Seattle 301 

About Lapses 302 

Accuses ^Miners' Union, Priest 307 

Advertise, Advertise 393 

Allegheny Anti-secrecy Convention .395, 421 
All Secret Societies the Church of the 

Devil 398 

Amsden, Benjamiin Monroe 42(» 

Anderson Aerie No. 174 425 

Another Aerie in ^Massachusetts 425 

Anti-Christ Pressing Hard, The Masonic. 427 

Bissell Case, The 33 

Broad, Rich Acres of Selfishness 12(» 

Browne, R. A., D. I).— Obituary 142 

Best Men, The 1(51 

Brass Molders' I^uiou Ili3 

Boodlers' Oath, The St. Louis . .183. 210. 2)57 

Berea College 21(> 

Birtliday Observed. Rev. J. V. Stoddard's 

" 221^ 

Brazil, A Noble Work Begun in 229 

Browne, Edmuu'd Ellsworth— Obituary . .3(50 
"Brigham Young Mornu)n's" Declaration 

as to the Secret Soeiefies, A 390 

Before Speaking. Know 417 



28 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



Brazil, Mission Work in 423 

Buzzards, Not Eagles 425 

Cause of Reform in India, The 7 

Chastity, The Obligation of 11 

Cook, Ezra A 13 

Cynosure Principles Fundamental 16 

Chief Initiator Instantly Killed 24 

''Congregationalism and Secret Associa- 
tions," Illustrated 31 

Correspondence on Freemasonry 38 

Corporate Meeting 60 

Craig, Rev. John W.— Remarks at Annual 

Convention 64 

Clapp, Rev. W. L.— Remarks at Annual 

Convention 67 

Corporate Mem'bers— Greeting from the 

Absent 92 

Chicago Bible Societj^ 98 

Christian Co-operative Association 109 

Cross and Serpent, The 110 

Christian Hero, A 112 

Crows' Society of Good Morals 117 

Chosen Friends, Order of 119 

College Fraternity Initiation 126 

Can a Christian Belong to Secret Societies 

and Still Honor Christ? 129 

College Fraternities 146 

Conclusions of a Past Grand Master .... 166 

China and Secret Societies 168 

Coachmen's Union and Sunday Wed- 
dings 20i 

Congressman Calderhead's Opinion ....224 
Carpenter of Nazareth .... December cover 

Com'mendation of the Cynosure 268 

Confession Concerning Mas'onic Oaths, A. 326 

Crudities and Inequities 329 

Catholic Fraternal Societies, Our 331 

Called to be Warriors February cover 

Convenanter Lighthouse, A 357 

Christian Co-operative Association 359 

Church of the Devil, All Secret Societies 

the 398 

Critic Criticised, The 404 

Cynosure Recommends Luther Academy 

416 

]>avis', Jeff, Masonic Membership 13 

Do Devils Inspire People 20 

Don't You Tell— Oddfellows' Cypher Rit- 
uals 42 

Destroying Angel Abroad, The 105 

"De 'Scieties" Ill 

Dissatisfaction, Inside 124 

Deacon's Opinion, A 150 

Directions for Christian Workingmen and 

Christian Capitalists 280 

Dowered by Religions 289 

Dougherty's, Daniel, Eulogy of Catholi- 
cism 352 

Day of Reckoning 361 

Devotees of Terpsichore 361 

Distinguished Freemasons 369 

Difficulties in Our Way 371 



Disqualification, A 408- 

Danger From Sharks 328 

Exchanges, From Our , 

16, 110, 163, 201, 236, 269, 327, 364, 395, 427 

Elks' Initiation 26 

Elks Defended, The 27 

Elks Find an Advocate in Xenia, Ohio, 

The 118 

Eldridge, Rev. Fred— Remarks at Annual 

Convention 65 

Eminent Authority— Finney on Masonry. 120 

Eastern Star Not Freemasonry 159 

Eastern Star Shut Out 159 

Elect Deceived, The 178 

Effort to Wlhitewash uhe Masonic Temple.190 

Eliot, President, On Labor Unions 274 

Effect of Secrecy on Mind 283- 

Experience with Masons, An 322 

Epitaph 378: 

Empty Seats, Why? 394 

Editor's Song, The 402 

Eagle, The Fraternal 330 

Fairchlld, James H 2 

Fairchild, President, To President White. 3 

Fundamental Cynosure Principles 16 

Freemasonry Anti-Christian? Is . . . J . ... IS 

Freemasonry's Past and Present 43. 

Forsaken as a Sin 96 

Fenton's Report, Rev. William 10(5; 

Freemasons AssemTble lin Jerusalem .... 112 

Finney on Masonry 120^^ 

Fenton's Letter, Rev. William 133, 357 

Funeral by Woiman's Club 135 

From Our Mall . .142, 233, 267, 326, 357, 393 

From Stephen Merritt 142 

Fraternal Associations Hit 1431 

Freemasonry in Legislature and Congress.151 

Familiar Masonic History 158 

Freemasonry Saved Two Lives, How . .160 
From Elder Qulncy Leckrone, Letter. .. .231 

Foote, H. E. M.— OWltuary 235 

Fatherhood of God, The 239^ 

Fate of the 17,000 Non-Union Miners ..269- 

Female Lodglte, A 294 

From Evangelist Taylor .325 

Prom Our Exchanges 

16, 110, 163, 201, 236, 269, 327, 364, 395, 427 

Fraternal Eagle, The 330- 

Freemasons in Preslbytery 358 

Fifty Year Mason's Protest, A 362 

Families, Senates, Juries and Camps — Are 

T(hey Secret Societies? 379' 

From "The Signs of the Times" — Secret 

Societies and the Church 420 

Foreign News 423^ 

Gl'ldden Iowa Conference 1 

Glimpse of Scotch Rite- Masonry, A 

14, 100, 152, 191, 261 

Grapes of Thorns . . .v , . . • • 43: 

Greeting From the Absent . 92 

Glimpse of Masonic Thought, A 167 

Godly History, A 183; 



May, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



20 



G. A. R., Question as to 204 

"Grand Lodge Proceedings" 222 

Great Masonic Temple, Tlie 260 

Going Too Far 271 

Grocer Did Not Laugh, The 272 

Guard the Mt. Vernon Tomb 286 

Grounds of Appeal 353 

■Good Templars 402 

Hurt at the Lodge Initiation 24 

Hitchcock, James Stanley— Obituary. 37, 72 

Holbrook, Emily— Obituary 38 

Highbinder, Lay Murder to 126 

How I Became an Anti-Mason 148 

How Masonry Saved Two Lives 160 

Hoo Hoo 236 

Holy Scriptures 259 

Helpful and Hopeful 310 

Hartford Clan, A— Daughters of Scotia. .330 

"Hounded to Death" 376 

Hoverstock, William — Obituary 392 

Have You Made Your Will? 429 

In Memoriam — Albert Pike 16 

Is Freemasonry Anti-Christian? 18 

Ihitiation May Cause Death 24 

Incorporate Modern Aztecs 25 

Index to Christian Cynosure, Volume 

XXXIV 44 

Independence Day 81 

Impression of Oudfellowship, An 91) 

Inside Dissatisfaction 124 

Insurance, Uncertain 124 

Individual Responsibility 142 

It Sounds Fine 158 

Inside Testimony 158 

Invaded Right and What it Means, An. .204 

Iowa State Convention 209, 248 

Iowa Christian Association 226 

Inscription on a Village Gravestone ...235 

Inner Door, The 242 

Industrial Orders, The— Chapter From 

"Modern Secret Societies" 281 

In a Nutshell 294 

India's Call 424 

Jeff Davis' Masonic Memibership 13 

James Neill Balks at the Elks' Initiation. 26 

Jesuitism, Ancient and Modern 

216, 258, 291, 344 

Joiner, The 242 

Jesuit Persecutors 293 

Jesus Christ the King vs. the Lodge- 
Address by Rev. J. M. Foster 318 

Knights of the Globe 78 

Knights of Pythias, The 200 

Known by Their Works 239 

Kingdoms and Souls at Auction— Address 

by Rev. J. P. Stoddard 340 

Knights of the Golden Eagle 382 

Lamp of Pure Motives, The 5 

Last End Counts, The 81 

Lodge Charity vs. Christian 90 

Letter to an Eastern Editor, Open 105 

Lay Murder to Hig'hbinder 126 



Labor Unions, Trade and 135 

Leckrone in Pennsylvania 155 

Lodgism and the R. P. Church 165 

Lodge vs. Church 167 

Ladies of the Maccabees 199 

Life Insurance Suggestions 201 

Leckrone, Elder Quincy, From 231 

Lodge Tragedies 237 

Lodge Feeders 248 

Labor Unions, President Eliot on . . . . /.274 

Lodge Records, Authentic ' . . 288 

Lincoln and His Co-patriots 301-308 

LaJbor, The Rights of 343 

Ladies' Clan, A 361 

Lapses, About 362 

Light Upon Romanism, Unusual 373 

Luther Academy, Cynosure Recommends.4l6 

Lyncher Had Ring in His Nose 418 

Michigan Conference 1, 77 

Methodist Pastor on Secretism, A 10 

"Morals and Dogma" Reviewed 18 

Methodist Woman Speaks Confidentially, 

A 23 

Modern Aztecs, Incorporate 25 

Missouri, Iowa, Illinois Visited 76 

Ministers and Lodges 97 

Momentous Decision, The Story of a . . Ix-i 

Masons Should Petition Congress 116 

Masonic Murders 117, 149, 180, 213, 257 

Masonic Terms Need Interpreting 122 

Masonic Bible, The 123 

Merritt, From Stephen 142 

More Than Two or Three Witnesses 150 

Mexican Masonry 168 

Masonic Bombast 186 

Minnesota, News From 196, 254 

Masonic Murder? Was It a 201 

Mine Workers' Union 204 

"Mighty Lord, Heavenly King" 218 

My Neighbor 220 

Mafia Threatens Miners 226 

McClelland, Dr. William— Obituary 235 

Masonic Premium, A 237 

Masonic Temple, The Great • 260 

Masonic Oaths 267 

Miners Charge Boycotting. Intimidation 

and Violence During Strike 283 

Masonic Pictures 288 

Ministers' Sons 338 

Matson, Sheriff, Dead 33s 

"Masonry Divine" 351 

Ministers' and Deacons' Institute 356 

Masonry Sub Pretextu Juris 359 

Masonic Methodist Church, The 364 

Miners' Union. Priest Accuses 367 

Mutual Benefit Society for German Bap- 
tist Brethren, The 307 

"Modern Secret Societies" Commended. .369 

Missouri Evangelist. Our 391 

Mormon's Declaration as to Secret Socie- 
ties, A 396 

More Masonic Initiations Than Ever . . . .401 



30 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



Miinisters or Laymen 419 

Mission Work in Brazil 423 

Masonic Anti-Christ Pressing Hard, The. 427 
Neill, James, Balks at Elks' Initiation . . 26 

News of Our Work 30, 73, 102, 

127, 155, 194, 226, 309, 355, 386. 421 

New Series of Envelop Tracts . 48 

National Christian Association Annual 

Meeting and Convention 51 

New England Secretary in Oberlin .... 77 
No Christianity in the Blue Lodge .... 98 

No Woman Holdeth Office, Why? Ill 

New England Notes 127 

Noble Witness For the Truth, A— Great 

Speech of Elder I. B. Trout 130 

No Creed 158 

Not Freemasonry, Eastern Star 159 

New England Summer Campaign 194 

New Orleans, From 196 

New England Annual Convention . .209, 313 

Next Step in Advance, The LA) 

Noble Work Begun in Brazil, A 229 

New Jersey Convention 241, 311 

New England Association— Annual Con- 
vention Program 243 

No Need of Churches 260 

Not Incontestable 289 

National Congregational Council and Se- 
cret Societies, The 371 

NeAv England Headquarters 386 

National Christian Association 431 

Oberlin College and Greek Fraternities . 3 

Obligation of Chastity, The 11 

Osiris — A New Side Degree 24 

Obituaries- 
James Shanley Hitchcock 37, 72 

^Nlrs. Cyrus Smith 37 

Emily Holbrook 38 

Rev. C. H. Rohe 142 

R. A. Browne, D. D 142 

Dr. Williafn McClenand .235 

H. E. M. Foote 235 

Rev. Henry Siemiller 235 

Edmund Ellsworth Browne .360 

Rev. B. M. Amsden 392 

William Hoverstock . , 392 

Oddfellow Fraud, An 42 

Oddfellow's Widow, An 74, 130 

One Mason to Another 81 

Oath After Oath 90 

Oddfellowship, An Impression of 96 

Open Letter to an Eastern Editor 105 

Origin of Freemasonry, Question as to.. 112 

Order of Chosen Friends 119 

Odell, Rev. D. D., Dead ..150 

Oath-bound CaJbal 160 

Our Conclusions 166 

Origin of Freemasonry 180, 255 

Old Line and P^raternal Insurance .188 

Out of Accord '. 191 

Oddfellowship, Some Facts and Figures 
on 215 



Oddfellowship Charity 240 

Odds and Ends 24u, 363 

Ohioans, Attention ! 241 

Our Story— Some Members of the Church 

of Sardis 284, 347, 376, 406 

Other Institutions 288 

Oberlin and Secret Societies 290 

Ohio State Convention 309 

Oddrellow in TroulDle, An 327 

Official Notice Regarding New Ritual . .330 

Olympiia Aerie No. 21 331 

Our Catholic Fraternal Societies 331 

One More Claim 361 

Outcasts and Traitors 365 

Ohio State Convention 386 

"Oath Bound Secret Societies? Why Op- 
pose" '. 38& 

Our Missouri Evangelist 391 

Of Interest to lowans 421 

President Fairchiid to President White. . 3. 

"Pioneer Preacher" 3- 

Pike, Albert — In Memoriam 16 

Pike's Grave, Visit 17 

Pike, General Albert 18 

Pike's Wife, Albert 22 

Pennsylvania Letters 32 

Patriarchs Militant Ritual 42; 

Property Basis of Life Insurance 99 

Petition to the Legislature of Iowa 109 

Place Beer Keg on a Bi^ble 126 

President Blanchard's Appeal for the 

AVork 128 

Patron Saint 158 

Philosophy of Strikes, The 182 

Plain Truth About the Strike, The 202 

Puzzling Statements 225 

President Eliot on LaJbor Unions 274 

President Among the Masons, The ....351 

Protest, A Fifty Year Mason's 362; 

Priest Accuses Miners' Union 367 

Pennsylvania State Convention .369, 422, 423; 

Perham, Jonathan Stevens 370 

Profane '. 371 

Predomiinant Motive, The 380 

President Blanchard's Book— Some Press 

Comments 401 

Practical Treatment of Secretists by the 

Church 409 

Question as to the Origin of Freema- 
sonry 112 

Question as to G. A. R 204 

Question Answered, The— R. P. Church 

and Secret Societies 427 

Reform in India, The Cause of 7 

Root Idea of Life Insurance, The 12 

Remarks by President Blanchard at An- 
nual Convention 54 

Responsibility, Individual .142 

Rohe, Rev. C. H.— Obituary .142 

Receiving and Imparting Blessings 155 

"Regular System of Science," Masonry a. 162. 



May. 11X13. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



31 



Royal Neighbors of America— Ritual and 

Installation Work 169 

Riots and Rioters I'^S 

Ruined Minister— A Deserted Church ... 199 

Responsibility for the Coal Strike 201 

Romanism, Masonry, Christianity 211 

"Reasons for Masonry's Life" 222 

Reformed Presbyterian Synod on Secret 

Societies 247 

Righteous Decision, A 260 

"Revive Thy Work, O Lord" •. 268 

Request for Information 294 

Revivals and Lodge Members 327 

Readjustment 329 

Rights of La;bor, The 343 

Romanism, Unusual Light Upon 373 

Resolutions— Ohio State Convention 387 

Rebekah Candidates 41() 

Reformers Aim, The 41(5 

R. P. Church and Secret Societies 427 

Strieby, Rev. M. E., D. D.— Extract From 
Letter to Committee of the National 

Christian Association 4 

Scotch Rite Masonry, A Glimpse of 

14, 100, 152, 191, 261 

Sense of Dependence Necessary, A 25 

Secrecy 25 

Striking Summary, A 25 

Shall I Join the Church? 29 

Stoddard's Letters, W. B 31, 76, 

103, 132, 155, 198, 227, 253, 310, 355, 390, 422 

Smith, Mrs. Cyrus — Obituary 37 

Stratton, Rev. L. N.— Remarks at the An- 
nual Convention 66 

Swartz, Rev. S. H.— Remarks at the An- 
nual Convention 69 

See, Mr. Cameron— Remarks at Annual 

Convention 70 

Strange Case of Dr. Broad, The 78 

Shared Alike by All 91 

Saw His True Friends 109 

Secret Societies Ill 

Story of a Momentous Decision, The . .. .114 

Selfishness, Broad, Rich Acres of 120 

Student Shot in Hazing Bee 126 

Seceder From the Yowman Order 128 

Sustain DavMson in the South 130 

Stoddard in the Harvest Field 132 

Southland, An Appeal for 142 

Sounds Fine, It 158 

Suicide of a Mason 159 

Scottish Rite Tastes 162 

Steer Clear of All 164 

Slanderers Confused, The 166 

Shibboleth Refuted, The 167 

St. Louis Boodlers Oath, The . . .183, 210, 267 
Secret Society Movement in China, The. .190 

"So-called Higher Degrees" 194 

Soutli, Work in the 19(; 

Selling Secrets 215 

Sunday Weddings, Coachmen's Union 
and 204 



Some Facts and Figures on Oddfellow- 
ship 215 

Servant Girls Form a Union 224 

Scotch Rite Expose Criticised 234 

Siemiller, Rev. Henry— Obituary 235 

Sunday Meeting, A 267 

Story — Some Members of the Church of 

Sardis 284, 347, 376, 407 

Spurious Letters of Washington 287 

Secret Societies, Oberlin College and ...290 
Secret Societies — Address of Professor H. 



C. King 



291 



Seceders' Testimonies. . .50-60, 128, 322, 385 

Sharks, Danger From 328 

Substitutes for Church 330 

Sheriff Matson Dead 338 

Sutcliffe, Deacon John 339 

Seattle Aerie No. 1 361 

Supported by Church Contributions . . . .381 
Secret Societies the Church of the Devil. 398 

Secret Societies in College 399 

Secret Societies and the Churcli— From 

"The Signs of the Times" 420 

Three Links Sna;pped 11 

Treasurer's Annual Report, N. C. A 53 

Testimony Meeting 57 

Turn on the Light 112 

Trifling 119 

Trade and Labor Unions : 135 

Testimonies Against the Lodge — More 

Than Two or Three Witnesses 150 

Theology for Masons, A 160 

''Things Done in a Corner" — Address by 

Rev. W. Stanley Post ' 313 

Timely Warning, A— The Danger From 

Sharks 328 

Trouble Among Union Pressmen 331 

Twenty and Sixty-five, Washington at. .338 
Treatment of Secretists by tne Church, 

Practical 409 

Unionville, Missouri, Conference 1 . 73 

Unfounded Claim, An 110 

Uncertain Insurance 124 

Upbuilding of the Order, The 352 

Unusual Light Upon Romanism 373 

Voices From the Lodge.. 42, 158. 329,361.425 

Vengeance Executed 142 

Victory for a Secret Society 223 

Violence in Strikes 272 

Webster, Daniel— His Opposition to Free- 
masonry and His Letter to Delegates to 
Democratic Anti-Masonic Convention of 

Pennsylvania 9 

Wants Masons to Bury Him 29 

AVill Have a New Building, New England 

Christian Association 30 

Washington. Philadelphia, New York. Bos- 
ton and St. Louis Visited 31 

Worsliip of Secret Societies Offered to 

Satan. The 83 

Why He Joined 96 

Will Fight Street Carnival 118 



i 



32 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1903. 



Wildey, T 123 

Wheaton College 126 

AVliy He Was Dumb 157 

Wesleyan Methodist, The 164 

Woodmen of the World 187 

Work in the South 196 

Wisconsin State Conference 196 

Was It a Masonic Murder? 201 

Was Solomon a Mason? 209 

Washington as a Mason 259, 338 

Washington, Spurious Letters of 287 

Wasihington and His Co-patriots ....295-300 
Washington at Twenty and Sixty-five . .338 

Wiashington's Birthday 350 

Wisconsin University 266 

Wesleyan Methodist Decision 327 

Warning, A Timely — The Danger From 
Sharks 328 



Worth Careful Reading 329 

AVere David and Solomon Masons? .'339 

Words of Daniel Dougherty— Eulogy of 

Catholicism ; . 352 

Wise Generation, A 354 

Woman's Order, A 362 

Warning Froim Inside 362 

"Why Oppose Oath-bound Secret Socie- 
ties?" 388 

Word For the Lodge, A 403 

West Superior Event, A 426 

"When Pa Takes Care of Me" 428 

X and M 230 

Yowman Order, Seceder From 128 

Youngest Thirty-third Degree Mason.... 160 
Young Men and Secret Societies 163 



Standard Works 

—ON— 

SeQfat SoQiBties 

FOR SALE BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 

32 1 West Madison Street. Chicago, HI. 



IMPORTANT INFORMATION. 

(1.) We are unable to furnish the Rituala 
ol any Societies not given in this Catalogue. 

(2.) The safest as well as the cheapest 
ways to get books are as follows: Always 
send the full amount for your order by draft, 
P. O. or Express Money Order, or Registered 
Letter. Books at retail price sent Post Paid. 
For 8 cts. extra books Registered or Express 
Paid and delivery guaranteed. 

(3.) C. O. D. orders will not be filled unless 
$1.00 Is sent with order as a guaranty that 
books will be taken ; and as Express and Col- 
lection charges must both be paid, on small 
orders for books C. O. D. the cost is double 
what it Is to have them sent Registered or 
Express paid. 



ON FEEEMASONRY. 



Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty 
'wo degree Masons. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon .f the Blue Lodge and 
fhapter consisting of r ' en degrees. ProfuseiF 
>i:i.8trated. 

Knight Templarisi^ Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated rit-al of the six degrees ol 
ihe Council and Commandery. 



Scotch Rite rXasonry Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., c) ' - ■ , $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir:: 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd itxclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in " Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Voi. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
Juclusiye, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass- 
'nimds m>m i%t to 3^ 4^se& ix>r.Ui8iva< 

-8®=-EXPLANATORY : Freemasonry Illustrated 
and Knight Teniplarism Illustrated give the 13 
degrees of the York Rite, and there are 33 degrees 
in the Scotch Rite. But the first three degrees as 
given in Free-masonry Illustrated belong to both 
Rites. So these books give 43 different degrees 
(no duplicates). 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan, no pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand»Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 
By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees i>f Freemasonry. 

Richardson's Monitor ot if^reema" 

sonrj'. Cloth $i.2>>; paper, 75c. 

Contams the ceremonies of^ Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only very incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it <»i /es but a description 
and general idea of the 4egrees rather than the 
full ritual. 



Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ings, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, inclu'ang the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is noJ 
as accurate as " Freemasonry './lustrated'' 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 
D, Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 75c. 



Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

20c. each. 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
degrees of Female Freemasonry, by Thomas Lowe. 



Whtaton, ilia. 





".lesns answered him,— ^I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, JUNE, 1903. 



NUMBER 2. 



THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSIRE 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

NATIONAL CnillSTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicago, 111., as second- 
class matter. 



"Piety begets thrift, thrift begets 
wea-th, wealth begets pride, and pride 
leads to destruction." — John Wesley. 



We hope to finish the account of the 
annual meeting in the July number of 
the Cynosure. It will contain, among 
other things, the address of President 
Nyvall, with his portrait. 

President Blanchard has been elected 
fraternal delegate to the quadrennial 
General Conference of the Free Metho- 
dist Church of the United States, which 
begins its session at Greenville, Illinois, 
on June loth. This is the city in which 
is located Greenville College, which is 
presided over by President Wilson T. 
Hogue, who gave such an excellent ad- 
dress at our Annual Meeting, and whose 
portrait we are glad to present to our 
readers in this number of the Cynosure. 



JOHN WESLEY. 



John Wesley was born at Ep worth, 
England, June 28, 1703. Two hundred 
years will have elapsed, therefore, on 
the 28th of this month, since John Wes- 
ley first saw the light. We do well to 
honor the memory of a man whose life 
and labors have been so far-reaching and 



beneficent. He was ordained in 1725. 
His life was a busy one. He commenced 
his evangelistic work in England in 1740, 
and continued his labors until death. He 
traveled usually five thousand miles a 
year, preached twice and thrice a day 
commencing at five o'clock in the morn- 
ing. He published two hundred volumes 
on various subjects, including divinity, 
poetry, music and history. He was a 
great man, and his greatness is shown by 
the fact that he is not styled the Rev. 
John Wesley, or the Rev. Dr. John Wes- 
ley, but simply John Wesley. 



WERE THE WESLEYS MASONS. 



"John Wesley, the great founder of Meth- 
odism, was an enthusiastic Mason. He was 
initiated in Downpatrick Lodge, No. 30. of 
Ireland. His almost equally great brother, 
Charles Wesley, the sweet poet singer of his 
church, was also a member of the institu- 
tion, and at one time occupied the exalted 
position of chief organist of the Grand Lodge 
of England."— Masonic Sun. 

The Christian Advocate of New York, 
of Feb. 28, 1884, contained an article 
headed, ''Was John Wesley a Free 
Mason ?" 

'This question is suggested to us," 
says the Christian Advocate, "by the fol- 
lowing somewhat amazing paragraph in 
the Press, of Philadelphia, of Feb. 2d, 
last : 

"Rev. D. W. Bull, of Transfer. Mercy 
county, has some interesting relics of John 
Wesley, the founder of Methodism. They 
consist of lodge dues paid, Arch Masonic 
apron, receipts of lodge dues paid by Wesley 
to the lodge of which he was a member, ex- 
tending over a period of some fifteen years. 
and a number of books from Wesley's priv- 
ate library containing his autograph. The 
Masonic apron is loo years old. These 
relics were puixnased by Uev. .Mr. Bull's 



34 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, l'^03. 



grandfather at the public auction of Wes- 
ley's personal effects after his death." 

"Our question is not whether Masonry 
is good, bad, or indifferent ; whether John 
Wesley would have been a whit the worse 
if he had been a Royal Arch Mason, or 
a Master Mason, or a Knight Templar, 
or a whit the better if he was. It is 
whether this story be true or not. 

"Here are several questions : Was there 
a public auction of Wesley's personal 
effects after his death? We doubt it. 
His will disposed of everything he had. 
" 'I give the books, furniture, and what- 
ever belongs to me in the three houses 
at Kingswood, in trust to Thomas Coke, 
Alexander Mather and Henry Moore to 
be still employed in teaching and main- 
taining the children of the poor traveling 
preachers. 

" 'I give to Thomas Coke, Dr. John 
Whitehead, and Henry Moore all the 
books which are in my study and bed 
chamber at London, and in my studies, 
in trust for the use of the preachers who 
shall labor there from time to time. 

"'I give the coins, and whatever . else 
is found in the drawer of my bureau at 
London, to my granddaughters, Mary and 
Jane Smith. 

" 'I give all my manuscripts to Thomas 
Coke, Doctor Whitehead, and Henry 
Moore, to be burned or published as they 
see good. 

" 'I give whatever money remains in 
my bureau and pockets, at my decease, 
to be equally divided between Thomas 
Briscoe, William Collins, John Easton 
and Isaac Brown. 

" 'I desire my gowns, cassocks, sashes, 
and bands may remain in the chapel for 
the use of the clergymen attending there. 
I desire the London assistant, for the 
time being, to divide the rest of my wear- 
ing apparel between those four of the 
traveling preachers who want it most, 
only my pelisse I give to the Rev. Mr. 
Creighton; my watch to my friend, Joseph 
Bradford; my gold seal to Elizabeth 
Ritche. 

" 'I give my chaise and horses to James 
Ward and Charles Wheeler, in trust, to 
be sold, and the money to be divided, one- 
half to Hannah Abbott, and the other 
to the members of the Select Society.' 

"Is it reasonable to believe that such 
relics, if they existed, would have been 
sold at auction ? Every relic he had was 
desired by his friends. Bv every pre- 
sumption there was no public auction of 



John Wesley's effects. That his receipt- 
ed bills should have been sold — a part of 
this story — is absurd beyond belief. 

"So far presumption. Enough if there 
were no more. 

"We shall now proceed to prove the 
story false by Wesley's own words. See- 
Wesley's works, volume 4, page 398 : 
Friday, June 18, 1773. T went to Bally- 
mena, and read a strange tract, that pro- 
fesses to discover "the inmost recesses of 
Free Masonry," said to be "translated 
from the French original, lately published 
at Berlin." I incline to think it is a genu- 
ine account. Only if it be, I wonder the 
author is suffered to live. If it be, what 
an amazing banter upon all mankind is 
Free Masonry ! And what a secret is it 
which so many concur to keep! From 
what motive ? Through fear, or shame to 
own it ?' 

"Any person with a grain of reason, 
can see that John Wesley knew nothing 
whatever of Masonry. No more thor- 
oughly absurd yarn was ever spun — what- 
ever may be the mistake that gave rise 
to it." — Christian Advocate. 



SUSANNA WESLEY. 



Mother of the Wealeys, 

John was her fifteenth child. She had 
nineteen children. She herself was the 
twenty-fifth child of her father. 

In a letter to her son John, dated Ep- 
worth, July 24, 1732, when she was sixty- 
three years old, she tells of the way she 
dealt with her children, how she loved 
them, and how she used the rod to make 
them understand. 

She had few books, and she had little 
time to read them, but she would insist 
upon the Bible being read until every 
child of hers knew the Bible from Gen- 
esis to Revelation. 

She taught them history from the 
Bible. 

She taught them good conduct from 
the Bible. 

She taught them the way of Salvation 
from the Bible. 

She demanded of God that all her- 
children should be saved, but she prayed 
with them. 

Every one of her children loved her,, 
adored her, idolized her, because as soon' 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN GYNOSURE. 



35 



WESLEY'S JUDGMENT OF FREE- 
MASONRY. 




THE MOTHER OF THE WESLEYS. 

Mrs. Samuel Wesley, nee Susanna Annesley. 

as possible she taught them by reason 
and by love. 

In the rules laid down for her own con- 
duct she set apart certain hours for com- 
munion with God and prayer. At least 
three times a day she examined her con- 
science and omitted no opportunity of re- 
tirement. In one of her letters to John 
she wrote : "There is nothing in the dis- 
position of your time but what I approve, 
unless it be that you do not assign enough 
of it to meditation." 



THE M. E. CHURCH. 
In 1903. 

Multitudes of its members and min- 
isters, after publicly entering into a most 
solemn convenant to "forsake the devil 
and all his works, the vain pomp and 
glory of this world, so as to not follow 
or be led by them," unite with worldly 
fraternities, and lavish their time and 
money at the shrines of other gods than 
those' of Israel. Resisting the holiness 
Elijahs even as their fathers did in the 
days of Ahab, now, as then, God is angry 
with them, and upon their skirts is the 
blood of murdered millions of souls that 
might have been won. — The Revivalist. 



There is nothing that could not be be- 
lieved of the Wesley family save wicked- 
ness, or imbecility ; but Masonic affilia- 
tion borders so closely on both as to be 
charily accredited when claiming for its 
most eminent member, Rev. John Wes- 
ley, whose bi-centennial birthday is ob- 
served this month. That salient char- 
acteristic of this family of poets — aspira- 
lition — was not wanting in the practical 
organizer of Methodism. If he often 
brought the ideal into the confines of the 
real, he constantly idealized the practi- 
cal, so that the one flashed out of the 
other like lightning out of a cloud. 

Thus, while yet a young man, he walked 
home from London to Epworth, trudg- 
ing along the path of apparent penurious- 
ness in order to save money to give away. 
Through life, he practiced his own ad- 
vice to "Get all you can without hurt- 
ing your soul, your body, or your neigh- 
bor; save all you can, cutting off every 
needless expense ; give all you can." For 
half a century he kept his personal ex- 
penses below the average of five hundred 
dollars a year, meanwhile making by his 
pen well toward a hundred thousand, 
yet was so munificently generous that 
when he died he left nothing. Such a 
man did not need to search, blindfold, at 
midnight, in a close lodge room, for the 
art of broad and open-handed charity. 
It might, indeed, have been suspected 
that the punctilious ritualism which char- 
acterized his student age would favor 
his being drawn into the formal and iter- 
ative round of Freemasonry. Yet this 
formalism, while it lasted, appeared so 
conjoined with seeking after holiness as 
to demand a Christian quality in every 
accepted ceremony or form. Though the 
almost contemporaneous organization 
of the Grand Lodge of Apple Tree Tav- 
ern and the formation of the Holy Club 
in Oxford, have made Masonry and 
Methodism cover a virtually identical 
tract of time, yet Wesley was too intense- 
ly evangelical, too warmly devoted to the 
name of Jesus, ever to have appeared 
otherwise than unequally yoked with un- 
godly Freemasons, even if he had entered 
the lodge where he could no longer men- 



36 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 




JOHN WESLEY 
1703 .1903. 

tion the gospel he elsewhere preached 
to them or continue to pray for them 
in the Savior's name. 

Nevertheless, Masonry adds to the mul- • 
titude of similar claims regarding emi- 
nent men whose own statements are a 
virtual or explicit contradiction, the as- 
sertion that "John Wesley, the great 
founder of Methodism, was an enthus- 
iastic Mason." 

Over against this claim stands an en- 
try in Mr. Wesley's own diary, written 
the day following his birthday when 
he was 70 years old. This shows 
that he surely reached the ripened age 
of three score years and ten without ex- 
posing himself to a just accusation of 
being an ''enthusiastic Mason," for he 
wrote next day : ''I went to Ballymena 
and read a strange tract that professes 
to discover 'the inmost recesses of Free- 
masonry,' said to be 'translated from the 
French original lately published at Ber- 
lin.' I incline to think it is a genuine 
account. Only, if it be, I wonder the 
author is suffered to live. If it be, what 
an amazing banter upon all mankind is 
Freemasonry! And what a secret is it 
which so many concur to keep ! From 
what motive? Through fear, or shame 
to own it?" 

It is now the turn of Masonic en- 
thusiasts to search the same diary for a 
record of his initiation, or of his attend- 
ance, anywhere in his wide travels of five 



thousand miles a year, at a meeting of 
a lodge. They should also bring from 
his authentic. biography the details of his 
Masonic burial. Until they do this, we 
appear to be left to the well known ex- 
tract from his diary which is here re- 
peated. Let those who profess to honor 
his memory, and revere his example 
meantime resist foisting upon his hal- 
lowed record the allegation which Free- 
masonry is prone to make against any 
great man who has died. 



LADY MEMBERS OF OTHER ORDERS. 



Some orders, like the Grange, admit a 
membership of both sexes. Besides these 
minor and miscellaneous orders, there 
are a few that appear primarily designed 
for a female membership. Into some of 
these, men previously connected with 
certain exclusively male orders are also 
admitted. 

One such female order is called the 
Eastern Star. Every woman eligible to 
candidacy in this order is a relative of 
some man connected with the Masonic 
order. 

Every man eligible to candidacy in 
this order must first have been a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order. Thus all men 
in the Eastern Star belong to both or- 
ders, while no woman can belong to 
both, the other order being exclusively 
male. 

Another order of this kind is the Re- 
bekah. All women must be relatives of 
Odd Fellows when they join, and all men 
admitted to this order must first be 
members of the Odd Fellow order. 

Here, again, men belonging to the dis- 
tinctively female order must belong to 
both orders. Women cannot belong to 
both, for Odd Fellow membership is ex- 
clusively male. 

Eastern Stars are relatives of Masons, 
and Rebekahs are relatives of Odd Fel- 
lows, but no woman is herself an Odd 
Fellow or a Mason. 

Men are admitted from Masonic or 
Odd Fellow lodges into lodges formed 
more distinctively for women, but the 
compliment is never returned, and no 
woman is allowed within a lodge of these 
exclusively male orders during a regular 
session. 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 



ANNUAL MEETING AND CONVENTION MAY 14, 15, 1903 



mm 



N. C, A. CORPORATE MEETING. 



The twenty-ninth annual Business 
Meeting of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation was called to order in the parlor 
of the Chicago Avenue church by Secre- 
tary W. L Phillips. In the absence of the 
presiding officers, Rev. R. W. Chesnut, 
of Marissa, Illinois, was chosen chair- 
man pro tem, and opened the meeting 
with prayer. Hon. J. J. Bruce, of Iowa, 
was invited to sit with the Association 
as corresponding member. Committees 
were appointed as follows : On nomina- 
tion of officers for the ensuing year, 
Messrs. J. P. Stoddard, of Boston ; J. A. 
Conant, of Connecticut, and Samuel F. 
Porter, of Chicago; on 'Tuture Work," 
Messrs. Ezra A. Cook, W. I. Phillips, 
and J. J. Bruce ; on resolutions, Messrs. 
J. M. Hitchcock and John Morison, and 
Mrs. W. i. Phillips. The reports of the 
board of directors and of the general sec- 
retary and treasurer and of the auditing 
committee w^ere heard, and their reports 
were accepted and adopted. Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard gave a report of his year's 
work, which was ordered printed in the 
Cynosure. In the afternoon session, re- 
ports of the committees were received 
and adopted as follows : For officers for 
the ensuing year, President, Rev. C. A. 
Blanchard, D. D. ; Vice President, Rev. 
J. Groen, of Grand Rapids, Michi- 
gan ; Recording Secretary, J. M. Hitch- 
cock, Chicago; General Secretary, Treas- 
urer and Editor, W. I. Phillips; for 
Board of Directors, Messrs. E. Whipple, 
George Bent, Ezra A. Cook, W. B. Rose, 
J. M. Hitchcock, J. A. Mack, L. N. Strat- 
ton, C. A. Blanchard, John Morison, S. 
H. Swartz and A. Mellander. The report 
of the committe on resolutions is to be 
published in the Christian Cynosure. The 
report on plans of work is also to be pub- 
lished in the Christian Cynosure. 

The afternoon session opened at 2 p. 



m., with Secretary W. I. Phillips in the 
chair. The congregation united in sing- 
ing a hymn, which was followed by a 
number of earnest prayers. Rev. James 
R; Smith, pastor of one of the city Pres- 
byterian churches, led the devotional ex- 
ercises. Delightful music was rendered 
throughout the convention of Thursday 
by a male quartette from the Moody Bible 
Institute. Mr. J. A. Conant, of Willi- 
mantic, Connecticut, was received as a 
fraternal delegate from the New Eng- 
land Christian Association, and remarks 
were made by him and also by the Sec- 
retary of the Association, Rev. J. P. 
Stoddard. 

The following named persons, recom- 
mended by the Board of Directors, were 
elected by the National Christian Asso- 
ciation members of the corporate body 
Timothy S. Couch, Catharine, N. Y. 
John Bradley and wife, Wyanet, 111. 
Samuel F. Porter, Chicago ; Professor A. 
Mellander and President Nyvall, North 
Park, 111. ; Rev. A. L. Nystrom and Rev. 
John Wenstrand, Chicago. 

Letters from the following were re- 
ceived and presented to the corporate 
meeting, and ordered published in whole 
or in part in the Cynosure : P. F. Thurber, 
Albert Gummer, H. H. Hinman, John 
A. Richards, Milton Wright, J. A. Col- 
lins, E. D. Bailey, Henry J. Becker, J. 
S. Hickman, S. P. Long, Quincv Leek- 
rone, G. M. Robb, James W.'Fifield, 
Mrs. Lvdia C. Andrews, P. B. Williams, 
R. W. Chesnut, Mrs. E. Griffin, Wood- 
ruff Post, W. R. Sterrett, Samuel A. 
Pratt, I.Bennett Trout, William Wishart, 
D. H. Harrington, I. J. Rosenberger, J. 
K. Glassford, O. T. Lee, D. M. ^Sleeth 
and J. D. Taylor, 

The evening session was opened by 
calling Rev. Walter L. Ferris, D. D., to 
the chair. Devotional services were led 
by Rev. S. R. Wallace, D. D., of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., and addresses were made by 



38 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



Hon. J. J. Bruce and President C. A. 
Blanchard. The Friday evening session 
in the First M. E. church, Chicago, was 
called to order by Chairman Rev. John 
Wenstrand, and music was furnished by 
a double quartette from North Park Col- 
lege. The devotional services were led 
by Rev. C. A. Bjork, and eloquent ad- 
dresses were given by Presidents D. Ny- 
vall and C. A. Blanchard. Benediction by 
the chairman, which closed one of 
the most interesting and helpful annual 
meetings and conventions which the As- 
sociation has ever held. 



TREASURER'S ANNUAL REPORT 
FROM MAY I, f902 TO APRIL 30, 1903 



Resources. 

Real Estate : 

Carpenter Building $15,000 00 

Michigan House and Lot. . 3,000 00 



Bills Receivable : 

Publishing House Notes 
General Annuity Fund . 



$18,000 00 



49 00 

7475 00 

$ 7.524,00 



Merchandise on hand (coal, 

stationery, etc.) 71 24 

Subscriptions due on Cynosure 1,123 27 

Cynosure Inventory 2,000 00 

Books in Stock 759 56 

W. H. Fisher, Trustee 7,180 00 

Fixtures in Carpenter Building 294 00 
Publishing Material (electros, 

etc.) 708 78 

Reference Library 258 20 

Postage Stafnps on Hand .... 22 22 

Tracts in Stock 632 29 

Wilson Land Contract 1,265 75 

Stock in G. W. T. M. Co. . . . 500 00 

Personal Accounts Due .... 1,410 10 



$41,749 '41 
Cash on Hand, May i, 1903. 390 2^ 



$42,139 6j 

Liabilities. 

Annuities : 

Capwell $ 489 13 

•Johnson 100 00 

Ohio-Hill 1,000 00 



New* York 1,300 00 

Michigan 300 00 

Woodard 50 00 

Ohio Endowment 1,160 00 

Pennsylvania Endowment . 100 00 



$ 4,499 13 
Sundry Funds : 

Cynosure Extension $ 95 66 

Southern Missionary 255 86 

Chinese Tract 8 97 



$ 360 49 



Cynosure Subscriptions paid 

in Advance 756 50 

Personal Accounts Payable ... 36 78 



Capital Account 



$ 5,652 90 
$36,486 y:/ 



$42,139 67 



Auditors' Statement, 

To the National Christian Association : 

The undersigned members of the 
Auditing Committee have examined the 
books of your Treasurer, W. L Phillips, 
up to April 30th, 1903, inclusive, and 
find that they are correctly kept, and that 
there are vouchers for all expenditures ; 
we also find that securities are on hand 
as stated in the annual report. 

We have also examined the report of 
Wm. H. Fischer, Trustee of Annuity 
Funds, and find the same to be correct 
and in accordance with the books of the 
Treasurer. 

H. A. FISCHER, 
H. F. KLETZING, 
EZRA A. COOK; 

Auditors. 
Chicago, May 9, 1903. 



J. D. Allen, Allentown, Ohio, writes 
under date of March 11, 1903: "To me, 
the Christian Cynosure is getting better 
and better. I admire the spirit it mani- 
fests throughout." 



"Whether the grave is already dug or 
is not to be dug for many a day, what 
care we ? Being in Christ, we cannot die. 
We ourselves are already in Heaven." 



jtamMm 



June. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN OYNOSIJiRE. 



39 



iNATIONAL CHR STIAN ASSOCIATION. 



By William I. PhillipSt Ocneral Secretary. 

This Association is the first of its 
kind. It is the only society in the 
world incorporated for the purpose of 
■''exposing, withstanding and removing 
secret societies." 

The National Christian Association is 
the parent from which has sprung many 




local and State efforts that have blessed 
multitudes. 

What It Is. 

The Association was organized in 
1868, at a time immediately following 
the close of the Civil War, when such 
men of God as Jonathan Blanchard, Philo 
Carpenter, J. G. Terrile, E. A. Cook, A. 
M. Milligan, D. McDill and others, saw 
with alarm that the convicted enemy of 
the country and the church, had crept 
back into public favor and power. 

It was supposed that the revelations 
of 1826-1832, had disintegrated the 
lodge and destroyed its influence. It 
would be interesting to 'Stop and con- 
sider the method by which secret socie- 
ties had regained power and favor at 
the close of our Civil War, but suffice 
to say that as during the late Spanish 
War lodge agents followed the camps of 
the soldiers with field lodges, and suc- 
ceeded in initiating many, so in the 
Civil War camp lodges and initiations 
secured a multitude of the young men 
who were assured that if they should 
be taken prisoners the grip and sign 
would secure favors from their enemies. 

When the smoke of battles had clear- 
ed from our reunited country, our fath- 
ers asked, What shall be done in view 
of the secretism that has come upon the 
land like a flood? From our Free Meth- 



odist brethren, I believe, came the sug- 
gestion of a non-sectarian, inter-denomi- 
national Christian Association, which 
should furnish a rallying point for all 
denominations and all Christians whose 
ears had been opened to understand and 
recognize the foes to our civil and re- 
ligious liberties which had come upon 
us while the nation was in the death 
grapple with slavery. 

Representatives of seventeen denomi- 
nations met in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 
in 1868, and organized the National 
Christian Association, to set forth the 
reasons why Christians ought to come 
out from and keep out of all secret so- 
cieties. Among the reasons were these: 

BECAUSE Christians are commanded not 
to have fellowship with works of darkness 
but to reprove them. Eph. 5:11. 

BECAUSE Jesus said: Every one that 
doeth evil hateth the light. Jno. 13:20. 

BECAUSE Jesus said: Ye are the light of 
the world. Matt. 5:14. He that doeth truth 
Cometh to the light, that his deeds may be 
made manifest, that they are wrought in 
God. Jno. 3:21. 

BECAUSE Jesus said: "I spake openly 
to the world * * * and in secret have I 
said nothing," and "if any man serve me 
let him follow me." 

How It Ts Orsraniz^ 1. 

In October, 1867, a conference met 
in x\urora, Illinois, of which President 
Jonathan Blanchard was chairman. As 
a result of the meeting a National Con- 
vention was held in Pittsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, in May, 1868, thirty-five years ago 
this month. At that time the ''National 
Association of Christians opposed to Se- 
cret Societies" was formed. In 1874 a 
charter was secured under the laws of 
the State of Illinois, and the National 
Christian Association began its legal ex- 
istence. 

At its annual meetings the corporate 
members, the life members and accred- 
ited delegates from testifying churches 
present, are voting members, and they 
proceed to elect for one year only, the 
president, vice-president, recording sec- 
retary, corresponding secretary, general 
agent, treasurer, auditors and eleven di- 
rectors 

How the Business Is Manased. 

The Board of Directors hold meetings 
throughout the year, and, in connection 
with the general agent, plan and carry 



40 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



r 



out the work oiUlined by the corporate 
body at their annual meeting. 

The Board of Directors meet soon af- 
ter their election and organize by 
choosing a chairman, vice-chairman and 
secretary for the year. Members of the 
Board are then chosen upon the follow- 
ing committees: Field Work, Publica- 
tions, Finances and Buildings. 

The general agent is present at all 
Board meetings and _ reports to the 
Board and receives directions fro-m it. 
He also consults the various committees 
and is guided by them when the Board 
is not in session. 

The Publications of the Association. 

In the summer of 1868 the Christian 
Cynosure was started as a fortnightly ; 
in 1871 it became a 16-page weekly 
with many departments in addition to 
the one upon this special reform. In 
1897 it became a 32-page monthly with 
cover,' with only one general object, 
viz: To give the news of this special 
movement, and the arguments by which 
its position is maintained. Five thou- 
sand copies are being printed monthly, 
which during the year will reach 
through the mails, by our regular list 
and by samples, some 35,000 different 
individuals, and we hope many times 
that number of readers. 

The series of "Christian Worker's 
Tracts*' issued by the Association has 
met, and is meeting with much favor. 
During the last two years there has been 
a much larger sale of such literature 
than for many years previous. 

The book, "Modern Secret Societies," 
of 300 pages, bound in cloth, and put 
upon the market the first of March 
last, by an edition of 2,000, has met with 
a very favorable reception., A second 
edition of 2,000 is already being gotten 
out, half of which has already been sold. 
In the judgment of your secretary, this 
book has already been used to do much 
good, and before another year passes 
will have done as much as any other 
agent in giving an intelligent all around 
view of this reform, and of its great 
need ; and we believe it will open thou- 
sands of Christian eyes to the profound 
importance, to the church and souls of 
men, of the work which the Association 
is doing. If we had done nothing more 



than issue this one epoch making book 
during the past year, -it would have been 
a great and remarkable service. 

Our literature has gone during the 
past twelve months to every State and 
Territory in the Union, and as usual tO' 
various foreign lands. 

Its Force and Its Work. 

The work of the Association demands 
the very best consecrated, Christian 
service to be had anywhere. It is Hom^ 
and Foreign missionary service in one. 
Like Paul, the N. C. A. missionaries, 
must preach to the multitudes that 
Christ Jesus is the only Savior, and if 
possible win those that preach "another 
Gospel which is not another," and he 
must also labor from door to door. 

Our agents on the field have thus la- 
bored during the past year, sometimes, 
aiding in revival services, sometin;ies. 
filling pupilts, or preaching Christ on 
the street corners, and again explain- 
ing the way more perfectly to single in- 
dividuals, and always at all proper sea- 
sons instructing people as to the nature 
of the altars erected in the secret lodges. 
The conventions held by them in -va- 
rious cities have always brought a special 
blessing to some, and have, I think with- 
out exception, been helpful to the Chris- 
tian communities in which they have 
been located. 

Co-OperatiMg: Orgranizations. 

Most intimately connected with our 
work are the various testifying denom- 
inations that furnish the Association 
pulpits and speakers, and are in turn 
helped and strengthened by the Associa- 
tion's agents and literature. We are 
happy in having with us to-day the Rev. 
J. P. Stoddard of Boston, Secretary of 
the New England Christian Association 
— that little giant of the East — in some 
sense a child of the National Christian 
Association, hut still an independent and 
powerful ally. We are grateful for all 
our allies, and for the privilege of being 
the ally of each of the others when 
opportunity offers. Among all of these 
denominations and co-operating organ- 
izations, there is the friendliest feeling 
toward their servant, the National Chris- 
tian Association, for which we thank 
God. 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



41 



Wbat Is Accomplished. 

Much good is known, but by faith 
we see much more that is unknown. 
When the writer first went out as col- 
porteur of this Association in 1872, and 
visited Northern lUinois, the conditions 
were very much the same as in Brazil 
to-day. Let me illustrate by quoting 
a letter we published in the Cynosure 
recently : 

"Twice during our stay, the meetings were 
rudely interrupted. One night about 
twenty-five men came together to take re- 
venge on Sr. Mello, because he had re- 
nounced secret societies when he repented 
toward God. These men said they must 
then and there vindicate Masonry as a 
godly institution, and on being kindly re- 
quested to sit down and not interrupt the 
meeting they burst into wild disorder, rais- 
ing a riot and yelling out murder against 
Sr. Mello. They expressed their intention 
to kill him that night. A large part of the 
congregation fled from the hall in terror, 
while the more courageous dealt v/ith these 
Masons." 

This picture of our Brazilian neigh- 
bors on the south would be a perfect 
photograph at the present time of our 
own condition in the North, but for the 
work w^hich the National Christian As- 
sociation and its allies have done in the 
last third of a century. 

We are often laughed at for our sup- 
posed impotence and folly in setting 
ourselves in God's providence to the task 
which He has given us ; but he 
who scofifs has little comprehension of 
the tremendous power and energy stored 
in truth which has been scattered broad- 
cast over the land. John B. Gough 
tells in his Platform Echoes of men 
who a few years ago were toiling and 
laboring night and day in New York 
harbor, under water and out of sight, 
while ships were sailing over them and 
men were passing on either side uncon- 
scious of all this hard toil. These men, 
out of sight and almost unknown, did 
the work ; but finally another of God's 
agents touched the instrument that sent 
the electric current on its mission, and 
the sunken rocks that had impeded nav- 
igation for centuries wxre burst in pieces 
with roar ai]d crash and a mighty up- 
heaval of water, and the channel was 
forever freed. 

Thousands of our co-workers, unseen 



and unknown by the great multitude, 
are placing the tract, or the Christian 
Cynosure, or the book, or the lecture — 
are placing the dynamite which is to 
explode bye and bye, and when God's 
time has come and He shall command, 
then this upas tree shall suddenly be 
destroyed, and that without remedy. 



RESOLUTIONS 



We recognize in the Secret Lodge 
System a great and growing power, 
whose nature and tendency neither pa- 
triot nor Christian can afford to ignore. 

We believe that the good purposes 
professed to be accomplished by its 
agency, such as development of social 
and patriotic feeling, help in time of 
sickness and other afifliction, insurance, 
promotion of social and political re- 
forms, etc., can be far more efifectiveiy 
secured in open association free from 
grips, signs, pass-words, and oaths or 
pledges of secrecy, all of which readily 
lend themselves to aid crafty and de- 
signing men to turn the power that re- 
sults from combination to selfish and 
evil ends. 

We believe that history confirms the 
deductions of reason that secret oatli- 
bound conspiracies have never succeed- 
ed in changing political conditions 
for the better, but have often had the 
contrary result. 

We believe that ''organized secrecv" is 
usually organized selfishness, and tends 
to develop in individuals and in society 
unlovely and undesirable characteristics 
that are already far too strong, that it 
is often used to elevate unfit men to 
offices which they could never reach 
by their own merits, that it too fre- 
quently perverts the course of justice 
and enables the guilty to go unpunished 
and that it rivals the church of Christ 
whose aims it counterfeits. 

So believing, wc rejoice in the privil- 
ege of working together in the Na- 
tional Christian Association, and doing 
what we can to disseminate knowledge 
concerning a thing which the pulpit as 
well as the press and the political ros- 
trum too seldom mention except to 
praise. 

We are glad to note the economy and 



42 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



efficiency with which our officers are 
managing our affairs, and we congratu- 
late our ally, The New England Chris- 
tian Association, on its success in secur- 
ing a permanent home in Boston. 

We cordially invite all lovers of Christ 
and humanity to use freely the columns 
of our excellent magazine, The Chris- 
tian Cynosure, to secure or to spread 
intelligence on this subject, we welcome 
them to all the facilities of our Head- 
quarters at 221 West Madison street, 
Chicago, with its abundant stores of 
comprehensive and well verified infor- 
mation in regard to the history, ritual, 
practical working, and effects of the 
secret lodge, and we solicit their aid in 
enlarging, the sphere of usefulness of 
our beloved Association. 

J. M. HITCHCOCK, 

W. B. ROSE, 

MRS. M. B. PHILLIPS, 
Committee. 



RESOLUTIONS. 



Whereas, God has planned organiza- 
tions through which to supply all our 
spiritual and temporal needs, these are 
antagonzed by the Secret Lodge ; and 

Whereas, The failure to recognize 
Christ the Redeemer, together with the 
selfish anti-Christian spirit of the Secret 
Lodge System, clearly places it out of 
the plans of Christianity ; and 

Whereas, We find such organizations 
increasing in numbers, and world-wide 
extent ; therefore : 

Res. I : — We, as followers of Him, 
"who in secret said nothing," must not 
'*be unequally yoked together with un- 
believers," nor "have fellowship with the 
unfruitful works of 'darkness." 

Res. 2: — We should point out on all 
proper occasions, the un-American 
spirit, the home dividing influence, and 
the sin against the great head of the 
Church*, fostered by such organizations, 
that in self-seeking would destroy the in- 
stitutions God had ordained. 

Res. 3 : — Recognizing the need to be 
very great, we call upon Christians and 
Christian churches everywhere to re- 
double their diligence in seeking the 
overthrow of this pernicious system, and 
for the individual offender would rec- 



ommend the dicipline found in God's 
word. Matt. 18:15-17. 

Res. 4: — ^We record our gratitude to 
God for his blessing in sustaining the 
work of the National Christian Associa- 
tion since its organization, for the large 
measure of success attending the labors 
of the year now closing, as seen in the 
convention held, the many renunciations 
of allegiance to the lodge, the enlarged 
circulation of the Christian Cynosure 
and the general satisfactory condition 
of its work. 

Res. 5 : — We recommend the work of 
the N. C. A., its agents, its organ, the; 
Christian Cynosure, and request all 
Christians to aid in the circulation of its 
literature. 

JOHN WENSTRAND, 
On behalf of the Swedish Mission Min- 
isters of Chicago. 



kahm' ^mlmonm. 



Secedei s Open Parliament. 

Mr. Blanchard. — Now, brothers and 
sisters, in these meetings we always en- 
joy very much hearing from our friends. 
It has been a great pleasure this after- 
noon to hear from Brother Stoddard 
and Brother Hogue, and our brother 
who has just spoken to us (Rev. Dr. 
Ferris), but I think we always specially 
enjoy in these meetings the words of 
those who are either out from these or- 
ders, having formerly been in them, or 
who are in them and are willing to come 
out if they see that it is duty. There 
are quite a number of you here whom 
I do not know. We have ten minutes 
anyway, and more if you want it. Now 
the program says three minute talks 
from the floor, and if there are any peo- 
ple here that are lodge people that do 
not approve of what has been said, or 
people who have been in the secret so- 
cieties and have come out, they will be 
especially invited to speak as God shall 
incline them, if they will be prompt 
about it. Is there anyone that will speak 
to us? Are there any men here that 
have been in lodges that have come out 
for Christ's sake, will you stand? (A 
number stood up.) This brother, give' 
us your experience. 



■M 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



43 



Mr. Sardin. — It was in the year 1885 
that I was converted to Christ, and I 
was also a member at that time of a 
secret order, the Odd Fellows. I was 
not taught very much from the Scrip- 
tures with regard to separation of God's 
people, but when I went back to the 
lodge I had a distaste for the whole 
thing, and I kept away from the lodge 
but paid my dues for several years, and 
then finally withdrew from the lodge, 
because the Spirit of God was not united 
with the work that I found in the lodge. 

Mr. Blanchard. — Bro. Conant, I did 
not know before that you had ever been 
in any lodge. We would like you to tell 
us just a word about it. 

Mr. J. A. Conant. — I do not care 
about saying anything further than this : 
I have been a member of three different 
secret societies. I am thankful that two 
of them are extinct. 

When a young man, I was in my 
boyhood instructed to be a total absti- 
nence man, and was opposed to the 
rum saloon. A man came through our 
vicinity organizing temperance lodges 
and of course I united with them. It 
was not such oaths to be administered 
as there are in other lodges, there was 
no blinding of .the candidate, no rope 
put about his neck or his body, but we 
promised to keep secret what was done 
inside the lodge. That has become ex- 
tinct. I afterwards was foolish enough 
to go and see "Sam," I presume some 
of the older ones here may know who 
"Sam" was. 

Mr. Blanchard. — Is there any man 
present who belonged to the Know 
Nothings? 

Mr. Conant. — It seems that Presi- 
dent Blanchard knows who "Sam" was. 
I afterwards joined the Good Templars, 
another temperance order. I remained 
there something like two years, until 
I found that in that moral temperance 
order in which were so many good nien 
and women all being perverted, chang- 
ed to something else besides spirituality. 
It was going down and I left it in ac- 
cordance with the rules of the order, for 
conscience sake, and have never belong- 
ed to any order since. 

I think it would be more p-ofitable if 
I should give a little testimoiiv that I 



heard the other day, than to give my 
experience. I was conversing with my 
pastor, who had just been reading, 
"Modern Secret Societies." He says, 
I never joined the Masons, but I joined 
the Knights of Pythias, but my father 
was a minister and he joined the Ma- 
sons. He told me when I became a 
young man, he says : If you ever wish 
to join the Masons and get money 
enough to pay your initiation fee, you 
take it the darkest night you ever saw 
and go out in the darkest place you can 
find, and throw it as far as you can and 
it will do you as much good as it will to 
join the Masons. (Applause.) He said 
he did join the Knights of Pythias a 
few years ago, but he met with them but 
a few times. Said I, Did you jump upon 
the spikes? He looked at me curiously 
and said, yes. 

Rev. Mr. Palmer. — ^I was a Mason for 
eight years. I was a member of the or- 
ganization known as Free Masons. I 
attended the lodge perhaps once a year 
for eight years. I knew there were 
weird ceremonies and disgusting things 
about the lodge ceremonies. I did not 
care anything about it, but when I came 
face to face w^ith the fact that a brother 
Alason required of me that I should 
cover up his crimes in stealing several 
thousand dollars, I said to him plainly, 
that I was not a Mason. I did not 
know anybody had ever dared up to 
that time, deny Masonry. I heard the 
Masons joke about Morgan and laugh 
about the way he went out from Fort 
Niagara, and I saw that I was not a 
Mason at heart. As soon as I knew 
there was a publication in Chicago I 
wrote out my statement and had it pul)- 
lished in the Christian Cynosure, and 
I am very thankful to say that God has 
manifested in wonderful ways his keep- 
ing power to me for 30 years. 

"I left the Masons about 25 years 
ago. I became a Christian a few years 
previous and it worried me all the time 
and at last I paid my dues and left 
them." (Stenographer did not under- 
stand this gentleman's name, nor the 
one who followed. — Editor.) 

I was in a temperance lodge in Scot- 
land about twelve years ago. You know 
Scotland is as ripe with these socie- 
ties as any country. I know many 



44 



UMRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



preachers, elders and deacons who arc 
in the secret societies. I was not a 
Christian when I was in this temperance 
lodge, but I went into it tliinking it 
would keep me from drinking. I think 
I was nearly a year and about nine 
months in there. I had an office in that 
lodge; I was so drunk one night when 
I was holding my office that I could 
scarcely read the books. I gave it up, I 
saw there was nothing in it, but a lot 
of tom-foolery. I went into a hotel to 
take charge of it. There was nothing in 
it to keep a man from drinking and I 
left it I am glad to say that when a 
man gets Jesus Christ he gets more 
than any temperance lodge can give. I 
testify to the power of Jesus Christ. I 
believe a real honest Christian cannot 
be a member of a secret society and be 
honest and conscientious v/ith the Holy 
Spirit. 

Mr. Blanchard. — How long since you 
w^ere saved? 

Ans. — Six or seven years, 

A lady.— ''I found it was wrong and 
left it. I knew that it was not in ac- 
cordance with His will and I left it." 

Mr. Blanchard. — What was your or- 
der? "Daughters of Liberty." 

Evangelist J. W. Haven. — I expect I 
am the only Odd Fellow here to-day. 
I am a chaplain, and I must say this, I 
have been in the lodge and been chap- 
lain for a long time. I have never seen 
a good lodge man that was a good 
church member. I will be honest with 
you. I never have seen a good lodge 
man that was a good church member. 
A man that attends to the lodge w^ell 
I have yet the first one to see who was 
a good church man. I have felt rather 
condemned for a long time, for this rea- 
son. Fraternity according to my belief 
is all right, but I went to Blue Hill, 
Neb., and of course I wanted to attend 
my neighbors' lodges, I wanted to go 
into the lodge room, it was largely a 
Lutheran town. My brother Odd Fel- 
lows were drunkards, gamblers and 
saloonkeepers. Then I said, I will quit. 
When I got home to my own lodge 
where I had lots of friends I thought 
less about the other lodge and for a 
long time I worked in that lodge ; then 
I had another experience, and as I came 



to Chicago I met a man that I have been 
acquaijited with for twenty-two years,, a 
man who was a professional gambler. 
He wore the links. I said to a brother 
Odd Fellow, do you see those links? If 
such men as that wear the links, I can- 
not hardly do it. I want to sav, while 
some of these things which I have heard 
I know are true, many more things, if 
you only knew it, are also true. Many 
a prayer have I offered up in the lodge 
room, but I have never took the name 
of Jesus Christ in the lodge room. But 
I am done, AND THIS AFTERNOON 
I AM GOING TO SURRENDER 
THE "LINKl" GOD HELP ME. 

(Editor's Note : — Mr. Haven went for- 
ward and took the president of the As- 
sociation by the hand and gave him 
his Odd Fellow's badge to keep as a 
trophy of God's grace that afternoon.) 

Rev. J. C. Brodfuhrer. — I am glad 
that I am able to say that I was a 
Mason, because I can now say with 
still more gladness that I am not, and 
I was a Mason for a very little while 
because it took me only a little while 
to see that there was no connection be- 
tween Christ and Belial, and therefore 
after knowing that I never would cross 
the threshold of a lodge. That was 
many years ago, and I thank my Savior 
that he met me there, and I am indeed 
glad now to tes,tify against that ter- 
rible system of Freemasonry. It was 
only the other day that I wrote to our 
church- paper that the church must 
fight if it would win, and stand against 
the two great giants, the saloon and 
the secret lodge, and we must bear our 
testimony against both of them openly 
and strongly. 

J. W. Bradley. — When I was past 21 
years of age I served an apprenticeship 
at cabinet-maker's trade, and was per- 
suaded to join the Odd Fellows. I was 
told it would help me in getting work, 
and all the good and great men of the 
country belonged to it. I thought it 
would be good for me to. join. I said 
what will it cost? I didn't have much 
money. They said it would cost me 
$10 for the first degree, and $5 for ev- 
ery other degree. At that time there 
were five degrees in the order. Well, I 
joined. I took my first degree. I was 



June, 1903. 



CHRiISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



45 



not very very well pleased with it, but 
they told me it would be better as I 
went on ; that was just to test my metal. 
I went on and took the five degrees, and 
for two years I tried to make myself 
believe I was a pretty good lodge man. 
I read their Hterature. 

In '52 I went to California, taking a 
letter of introduction. I went out to 
the mines. I could not use the thing 
there, and for fifteen years I paid no 
dues, paid no attention to it. Then 1 
came to Illinois, settled in the neigh- 
borhood where there were some pretty 
active Christians. They made a Chris- 
tian raid upon my territory, organized a 
little meeting, and I finally went down 
to the meeting, and I thought they had 
a pretty good meeting and I made up 
my mind to accept Christ Jesus as my 
Savoir. In a few weeks I heard the 
leader occasionally speak out against 
lodges. He would say that anybody 
could read the secrets in books. I did 
not believe that. I thought the old fel- 
low was talking about something that 
he did not know anything about. When 
meeting was out I walked up to one of 
these Christian 'brothers and said. Mack, 
I would like to see some of those books 
you are talking about. He said. Do you 
know anything about it? I said I did. 
So in a few days he handed me Bern- 
ard's Masonry and Oddfellowship, and 
I read that, and it brought things to my 
mind that I had forgotten, and I got to 
thinking and it began to dawn on me 
that I had been humbugged. I said to 
myself that I had paid my money to 
let those fellows humbug me. Mack 
said, "How did you find it?" I said, "It 
is correct as far as I have read it." Since 
that day I have been a free man. I 
am a free man in Christ Jesus. ' 

Hon. J. J. Bruce. — When I was 14 
years and 8 days old I believed that 
Jesus Christ had come in the flesh and 
that He was the Son of God, and was 
my personal Savior, and I joined the 
Methodist Church. 

My first experience with secretism 
was over the line in Canada. I was a 
school teacher. On the 12th of July, 
1865, the Orangemen had a celebration 
and a great deal of drunkenness was 
manifest, and I very foolishly, I suppose, 



wrote to the paper in the county seat, 
Barrie, stating as best I could about 
their getting drunk, and measuring the 
breadth as well as the length of the 
room. 

After this I applied for a new school 
in another district and the Orangemen 
threatened my life there, and they also 
threatened to cause trouble to those 
who had employed me ; but I was un- 
daunted. I went to teach and at the 
end of the first week they burned the 
school house. They charged that I was 
careless, but God had given me pre- 
caution enough so that I had enough 
of the older scholars to establish the 
fact that I was extra careful and that 
it was not through my carelessness that 
the school house was burned. I re- 
mained there about three weeks, my 
district Board of Directors settled with 
me and paid me three months salary and 
I came to the United States. 

I went out into Western Iowa and 
grew up with the country. I was a 
young man at the time and entered into 
various lines of work and joined the 
Masonic order in 1869, I think it was, 
and took the second degree in 1870. The 
Lord was with me in that He did not 
permit me to take any more than the 
second degree. I. got Morgan's Free- 
masonry and I found that everything 
that I had taken in the first and second 
was exactly given in Morgan, hence I 
inferred that Masonry was just as Mor- 
gan gave it. I went so far as to post 
a comrade and when he took the third 
degree he said to me, "I guess you 
are just as well posted on the third as 
I am." He was honest, a friend of my 
manhood and after my present trouble. 

I was honored with several offices by 
the county, and in 1894 the people of 
my county thought that my place was 
on the Board of Supervisors. I had been 
there before and looked after the inter- 
ests of the people, and when I went to 
the first meeting, 1895, to take my seat 
on the Board of Supervisors, although 
the majority of them were Democrats, 
they said I should be the chairman. I 
was chairman of the Board, 95, '96, '97. 



ii- 



This is my experience with Masonry 
and with several other societies as the 



40 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



K. P.'s and Odd Fellows. They 
are all based upon Satan's methods and 
worship, and not upon anythmg that 
a Christian can adopt or use along the 
line of -Christian experience. ,. 




WILSON T. HOGUE, 
President Greenville College. 

WHY I OPPOSE SECRET SOCIETIES. 



Rev. Wilson T. Hogue. 

I esteem it a privilege to be here, and 
would esteem it a greater privilege if I 
might listen, rather than speak, to these 
who have given more thought and at- 
tention to this subject than I have been 
able to give. Yet when asked to give 
an address on some subject related to 
secret societies, at this convention, I 
hardlv felt free to decline, lest it should 
seem that my convictions and opinions 
were not in accord with the avowed ob- 
ject of the National Christian Associa- 
tion ; whereas, during a period of thirty 
years of public life I have been con- 
strained to oppose secret societies. 

There are many reasons whv we as 



Christians should oppose, in all legiti- 
mate ways, secret associations. There 
are a few reasons that I wish to call es- 
pecial attention to. 

Their Selfishness. 

I am constrained to take my position 
in opposition to pledged, oath-bound 
secrecy, because these secret orders are 
based on the principle of exclusiveness 
and selfishness. 

I know they make a pretense to the 
contrary, many of these orders are 
looked upon as very benevolent, and as 
practically Christian'; but I have watch- 
ed this matter somewhat and have come 
to the conclusion that secret societies 
generally, I think I may say univers- 
ally, are based on a supremely selfish 
principle ; and whatever there may be 
apparently of philanthropy or benevo- 
lence connected with them, it is not 
the philanthropy, the benevolence of the 
Gospel of our Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ. The very fact that you cannot 
become a member without being 
pledged and sworn into membership, 
and so pledged and sworn into that 
membership as to put you and your 
conscience under bonds, and at the dis- 
posal of others, and that by their very 
laws these societies are made exclusive 
in the benefits they propose to bestow, 
benefits to be bestowed upon themselves 
in their corporate capacity, or at least 
upon those who are the members of 
these various brotherhoods ; these facts 
prove them to be selfish. This is like 
the benevolence of the pagan, it is Sa- 
tanic. 

I turn in the Gospel to the Sermon on 
the Mount, and I hear Jesus Christ say : 
"Ye have heard that it hath been said, 
thou shalt love thy neighbor and hate 
thine enemy, but I say unto you, love 
your enemies." That is Gospel char- 
ity, that is Gospel benevolence, love 
your enemies. Love people outside of 
your ecclesiastical camp ; people out- 
side of your peculiar order or fraternity. 
'T_^ove your enemies," 'bless them that 
curse you ; "do good to them that hate' 
you," not simply to the man that can give 
you a grip, a sign or a pass-word, to 
prove that he is in a peculiar relation 
to you by virtue of a secret pledge or 
oath, that is the spirit that Jesus Christ 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



47 



puts His ban on here, and He says m 
contradistinction from that, you parii- 
tion out your love, or charity, or spirit 
of helpfulness, until you are character- 
ized by a world-wide philanthropy that 
is worthy of the name of benevolence. 

Industrial Orders. 

Now do secret orders proceed on the 
method just commended? Are these 
modern industrial orders to-day — and I 
do not come here to berate them par- 
ticularly, but still I cannot talk about 
secret societies that existed a thousand 
3^ears or more, we are right in the face 
of grave problems to-day, growing out 
of these industrial orders, for they seem 
to be a necessity — and yet I ask, are the 
modern industrial orders based on this 
principle which Jesus Christ puts down? 
Do they sound like the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ, when men that belong to an in- 
dustrial order are bound and required 
to regard with hatred those who will 
not and cannot conscientiously unite 
with them, because of their secret 
pledge, when men will heap upon their 
fellow-workmen vile epithets, when they 
will call their own brother in the church, 
rat and scab, when they must say as 
John Mitchell said ; that non-union men 
are not entitled to the respect of the 
community. I submit to you, is this 
in accordance with the great, broad, uni- 
versal principle of our Savior, laid down 
in this Sermon on the Mount ? This 
thing comes right into the church and 
divides brother against brother, and the 
Christian has pledged fraternal union 
with the man of vile habits and evil 
practice, in that all are bound to stand 
by the man to whom he is pledged in 
brotherhood in his industrial order, even 
to the inconveniencing, and often the 
starving of his brother in the church, 
who for conscience sake is on the out- 
side. I cannot see it as in keeping with 
the spirit of universal love and good 
will which this Gospel brings to the chil- 
dren of men. I want to speak very 
kindly on this subject. I do not believe 
the labor unionists are fully aware when 
they do this of all that it really involves. 

Personal Knds Advanced. 

Let me speak on another thing which 
indicates the selfish principle that un- 
derlies the secret orders. You take the 



higher orders, such as Free Masonry, 
and Odd Fellowship and the Order of 
Elks. It is a fact that needs only a 
little observation to confirm it, and there 
is plenty of evidence that can be adduced 
in proof of it, that whether these orders 
are so intended or not, they are cer- 
tainly and almost constantly used for 
the purpose of advancing personal ends. 
Men tell me frankly, in reply to the 
question: Why did you join, and why 
did you stay in such an institution, "It 
helps me in my business." And then 
they proceed to tell me that in compe- 
tition that otherwise would be fair, it 
gives him an advantage over the man 
that is outside the lodge. That con- 
demns the thing in my estimation ; it 
is certainly unrighteous to get an ad- 
vantage in that way. A man says, I 
can get a p.osition through the influ- 
ence of my society, my fraternal order, 
I stand a better chance to get a posi- 
tion. If I am a school teacher, I stand 
a better chance with the School Boards. 
I had a little opportunity of knowing 
something about the workings oi this. 
I have a brother who was with me four 
years in the college, and five years at 
one of the Western colleges of this 
State. I suppose he might have been 
there still, but he found others working 
their secret orders with the School 
Board, who were members of similar 
orders. He wrote me, 'T expect to lose 
my place. It has come to the pass now 
where my subordinate teachers have 
taken up the matter of working their 
lodges in order to compete against me." 
And 'T will lose my position, if I can- 
not take it on merit, I will never ask 
the aid of a secret society to retain a 
position which I cannot honestly ac- 
quire." (Applause.) 

One of the bankers in our little City 
of Greenville, in the Southern part of 
this State, was a Freemason. He left 
the Masonic Order. He got salvation, 
and after he got what we Methodist 
people call salvation, he had no use 
for his. Masonic order, and he left it. 
Nobody told him. except the Spirit "of 
God whispered: "Be not unecjually 
yoked to unbelievers," and he obeyed. 
He came out from among them. But 
from an unfortunate chain of circum- 



48 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



n 



stances that man lost his hold on God, 
and got into a backslidden and discour- 
aged state religiously, and I heard one 
day that he was going back to the lodge. 
I went to him and sought a private in- 
terview with him. I talked with him 
squarely about this matter, but he was 
very ready to justify himself in the step 
he was about to take. He said, "It helps 
a man in a good many ways ; it has 
come to a pass where if you want pre- 
ferment you need to belong to some 
of these societies." I looked at him and 
said, My brother, I want to know if you 
think that is manly, to say nothing 
about the Christianity of the thing? You 
have frankly acknowledged to me that 
your lodge relations will help you to cer- 
tain kinds of success and preferment ih<xc 
you would not expect to get on your 
merits, is that honest ; is it manly ? And 
he turned to me and said, ''Well, it does 
not look just right." 

They tell me that a great many men 
secured promotions in the Civil and 
Spanish- American War who never could 
have gotten there, but for the influence 
of the orders. Very well, then they 
should not have been there. If it be 
true that a man through the influence 
of his order can get into a responsible 
position like that, may it not also prove 
the most disastrous thing for the coun- 
try or for whatever department of hu- 
man affairs that man in his responsible 
position represents? 

Never Rierht to Foreswear. 

I am opposed to secret societies, and 
feel that we as Christians should stand 
opposed to secret societies because they 
require men to stultify their own con- 
sciences by pledging inviolable and 
perpetual secrecy as a condition of mem- 
bersliip. Secrecy is not necessarily 
wrong : there are some things tliat it 
is proper to keep secret, and that it 
would be very improper and wrong to 
disclose in any ordinary conditions ; but 
I must take this position, that none of 
us has a right to pledge himself before- 
hand to keep secrets the nature of 
which is unknown to us. No one has 
a right, a moral right to promise, — be- 
fore the disclosure of its nature has been 
made to him, — to obey any law, or to 
obey any leader or to follow any com- 



mander. Our business is to keep our- 
selves free from such entanglements, and 
from such enslavement of conscience. 
But, men say, when you are initiated 
into the lodge and when you take this 
pledge you are told that the things that 
are about to be disclosed to you, and 
which you must first pledge to keep in- 
violably secret in your own breast for- 
ever, shall not interfere with your duty 
to your God, your country, nor your 
family, and people seem to think that 
makes it all right ; but I raise the ques- 
tion, who is to be the judge as to wheth- 
er the .things you are asked to keep se- 
cret, interfere with your duty to your 
family, your country, or your God?" 
Who is to be the judge? Is the lodge 
\ou have joined, or are you to be the 
judge? The lodge has established this 
principle. The requirements of the lodge 
are practically unchangeable, you pledge 
yourself beforehand that you will take 
the judgment of that lodge as to what 
is proper and right for your conscience, 
and in doing so, you have put your con- 
science in the hands of that fraternity, and 
and as most men view the case, you have 
forfeited all right ever to break from 
that society, no matter how bad you 
m.av find it to be. 

I do not believe that any man who ha.s. 
taken such an oath is under any obliga- 
tion to keep it, and yet this secrecy 
matter is the bond of union, and the 
bond of strength, and the very liio and 
vitality of these orders, and but for that 
they could not survive six months. And 
so the Christian sinks to evil. He fears 
in some cases the blood curdling pen- 
alties, or believes that if ever he should 
give away the slightest secret he would 
be a perjured villain. This is not true 
and still that is the thing that holds 
men. There are thousands of men in 
lodges to-day who would be out of the 
lodge to-morrow, if they were not held 
with that thought, 'Tf I should break 
with the lodge, I would break my oath," 
''I V. ould be a perjured man.'' You are 
not. They told you when you took your 
oath that in that oath there was noth- 
ing that would interfere with your duty 
to your family, or your country, or your 
God, and if your conscience makes you 
feel that it does thus interfere, then that 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



49 



oath, that pledge, is no longer binding, 
the wrong was in making the bad prom- 
ise, and it is sin added to sin when you 
have made a bad promise to keep it. 
(Applause.) 

Now I have studied ethics some, I 
have taught ethics some, but I have 
never come across any system of ethics 
in the Bible, or of uninspired writers, by 
which a person can be justified in tak- 
ing a pledge to keep secrets, or to obey 
laws, or to follow leaders who are to- 
tally unknown, and the direction of 
whose leadership is totally unknown to 
him. And yet that is one of the essen- 
tial principles that underlie all secret so- 
cieties. 

I do not sa}^ all secret societies are 
alike bad. There are some that are 
treasonable, there are some that are bad 
in a great number of ways, there are 
others that are bad in a lesser degree ; 
they are not all alike, but they are 
all alike in two respects, they are based 
on the principle of selfishness, and they 
are all safeguarded by this required 
pledge of perpetual secrecy as a condi- 
tion of membership. 

I understand a secret society to be any 
society requiring an oath, pledge or af- 
firmation of secrecy as a condition of 
membership, and the very joining, under 
these conditions, is to swear away your 
right of conscience. 

Interfere With Natural Relations, 

I am opposed to secret societies in 
the next place because in their practical 
workings they are productive of grave 
evils ; evils that are a menace to the 
public good. These orders erect bar- 
riers that never ought to exist in so- 
ciety. They come right into the home 
and erect barriers between husband and 
wife, that no human organization has 
a right to make. People say again, but 
I was told when I joined, that nothing 
here should interfere with my duties to 
my home, and yet, the very first thing 
a man does when he joins the lodge is 
to put such a barrier between himself 
and his wife by the oath he takes. His 
wife, who is a part of himself, whom 
he is to love as his own life, and between 
whom and himself there should be per- 
fect understanding, his wife, cannot be 
made acquainted with the facts that are 
disclosed to him after or during ini- 



tiation, or any of the attending ceremo- 
nies. Right at the very beginning a 
wedge is thrust in. You may say it is 
very thin, but it is a wedge after all, 
and if the entering wedge be thin, in 
thousands of instances it is the thin edge 
that prepares the way for a wide separa- 
tion later on. 

Let me show again how this oper- 
ates in the home life. A man goes into 
the Masonic lodge, or he joins the Odd 
Fellows, or the Elks, or the order of 
Foresters, or most any of these more 
popular orders of the day. In these or- 
ders that man comes into brotherhood 
and into a relation where he is compell- 
ed to recognize brotherly relation with 
men that are as unclean as the devil. Not 
that all men are so in the lodge.' No. 
But there are many of them so. and 
it is known to be so. People say you 
cannot know anything about these so- 
cieties unless you are inside. But we 
can, I can tell in the city where I live 
when I see a Masonic funeral perform- 
ing its heathenish services ; I know the 
man that carries the Bible and square 
and compass, and I know the chaplain, 
and I know whether he is a believer or 
an infidel, and whether he leads a sober 
life or is a drunkard, and am quite apt 
to know w^hether he is honest : and 
brothers, if any of you are inside of 
lodges to-day you haven't to go far to 
meet with men who can give you the 
grip, pass-word and sign, and you will 
clasp hands with them in a brotherly 
relation that brings you in closer touch 
with them than with a brother in your 
church ; men to whom you would scorn 
to introduce your wife and daughter, 
men whom you would not leave in your 
home any more than you would leave 
a jackal, or a tiger there. 

But not only in the home does the 
lodge establish barriers, but in the 
church also that ought never to exist. 
I have hinted at this already, I wish to 
emphasize it. Christian brothers, come 
into this lodge relation and by and by 
there comes difficulty. It may be that 
some evangelist comes to the church. 
He is unblamable in his Christian char- 
acter, a man of ability, of great faithful- 
ness in his work, but he feels that the 
greatest hindrance to his evangelistic 
labors is the network of secrecv all over 



50 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June. 1903. 



the country, and that he must testify 
against it. But there is an Odd Fel- 
low, a Mason, or an Elk in that church, 
and the thing is brought to a test. jMen 
have to take a position, feel they have 
to, and if a man is true to his order and 
his pledge to his society, he takes a stand 
with men that are unclean and helps to 
hinder the work of God, by shutting 
out, by turning out that evangelist and 
taking his stand against those who are 
•contending for spiritual and divine 
things. In fact one of the best churches 
in this country a few years ago was 
divided by Freemasonry, and out of that 
'division grew the church that 1 have 
the privilege and honor to represent. 

I rememher very well when, because 
they attended the religious services of 
men who had been expelled from their 
churches for giving a faithful testimony 
against the secret society type of Chris- 
tian holiness ; ministers were expelled 
from the church in that section of the 
country, and because m}^ father and 
fourteen others went to hear the ex- 
pelled ministers preach, a minister rep- 
resenting one of these secret orders 
arose on the Sabbath, and without any 
show of law, without any form of trial, 
or any citation of any kind whatever, 
and read off fourteen of the best mem- 
bers of the church, and read them out of 
the church. They accepted the situa- 
tion and stayed out. It resulted in 
bringing my father and mother into the 
Free Church, and indirectly resulted in 
my conversion, and I was one of the 
first born sons of the Free Metl.-odisc 
Church. (Applause.) 

Corrupts Society. 

Secrecy erects barriers, and produces 
grave difhculties in society. I do not know 
how it may appear to others here this 
afternoon, but it strikes me that we are 
confronted with conditions in this lodge 
ridden city, this union ridden city, which 
would almost indicate that we may have 
a French Revolution in the United 
States ! 

We have an institution in this city 
making laws which no body of men in 
Chicaco has a right to do, except its 
legislative body, and enforcing them 
with an iron rigor, with which the 
mayor and the common council have 
never been able to enforce their laws. 



They can snap their whip and say to 
the milk-wagon drivers, you join us. I 
have in my home a card, that was cir- 
culated, a threatening card. Before I 
would submit to he thus driven I would 
have taken the jail or the poor-house 
first. I have too much of the blood of 
John Knox in my veins to jump at the 
crack of any man's whip, who says, 
you shall, or you shall not. (Applause.) 
Men I have talked w4th who joined 
hecause they threatened them, have said, 
•God help every man who is out of the 
union after such a date ! But every 
last man I have talked with, when he 
has an opportunity, curses the union he 
belongs to. He says, I could not help 
it. A Christian man said, "I would 
brace up and stand it ; but it is awful 
to see my poor family starve." Let them 
go to the poor house, and make these 
fellows pay the taxes and expense, and 
you go to jail if you have to! I do not 
believe there is a man in Illinois that 
feels more tenderly towards all those 
dear brothers that are so largely under 
the iron heel of capitalistic oppression 
than i do, and I believe that it will ap- 
pear in time that those who have ad- 
vised a modification of organized labor 
are really its friends and not its enemies. 
I do not speak in favor of abrogating 
the system of labor unions, but so modi- 
fying it as not to demand that men 
must surrender their private judgment, 
their own right of conscience and their 
own opportunities guaranteed to them 
under the Constitution of the United 
States. 

Schools of Falsehood. 

I want to say that I am opposed to 
secret societies because the larger and 
older socities especially are false in their 
aims and pretensions and claims, and as 
such are schools of falsehood. You 
know that nearly all the older secret 
societies, the larger ones, claim great 
antiquity. For instance the Masonic or- 
der claims great antiquity. It claims 
to be one of the oldest orders in the 
world. Some trace it back to King Sol- 
omon, some trace it back to the flood, 
and some trace it back to creation, and 
some go far enough to say that Jesus 
Christ was himself a representative of 
their order, and so on. 

I want to read you something here. 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



51 



If you will look up the subject of Free 
Masonry in the Encyclopedia Brittanica 
you will find something like this: "If 
indeed the genuine legends of the craft 
were followed, its origin would be traced 
to the creation, the flood, or the building 
of Solomon's Temple.'' Accordingly, 
one of the most voluminous and popular 
Masonic writers, the Rev. George Oli- 
ver, informs the world that Moses was 
a grand master and Joshua was his 
deputy." I wish you would look that 
up and see if you can find it anywhere 
in the five books of the Bible. But the 
same article informs us that ''the insti- 
tution is not older than the begining of 
the 1 8th century," and that it really be- 
:gun in London on June 24, 1717, "the 
high noon of the year, the day of light 
and roses, when the four London lodges, 
having first united themselves into a 
Grand lodge, named their first grand 
master." 

I find all authentic history on the sub- 
ject agrees substantially with this last 
statement, and yet the intelligent order 
of Free Masonry claims Solomon and 
has a good deal to say about Hiram, 
King of Tyre, and much more to say 
about men who lived in the Old Testa- 
ment dispensation, and claims to trace 
its pedigree back to them. 

The only thing really ancient about it 
is its secrecy. Those corruptions in the 
heathen world, which St. Paul says, "It 
is a shame even to speak of," they had 
this pledge of secrecy, and the genuine- 
ness of that can be traced back and is 
very ancient. But it is a gross mis- 
representation of facts, and an insult to 
all the good men of the Old Testament 
to make it appear that Masonry origin- 
ated with them. That is a false claim, 
and every intelligent lodge man knows 
that it is false. 

A False Gospel. 

I am opposed to secret societies again, 
because they are, at least so far as the 
more dignified and pretentious ones are 
concerned, religious institutions, and yet 
they are not Chrictian. Masonry teaches 
that making a man a Master Mason, 
raises him to perfection, but I would far 
rather stake my hopes for perfection — on 
the Lord Jesus Christ, "Neither is there 
salvation in anv other, for there is none 



other name under heaven given among 
men, whereby we must be saved." 

Reason and the Scriptures Agree with Me. 

I am opposed to these orders, because 
so many intelligent and good men such 
as President Finney and Bisho]) Hamlin, 
that have been in the lodge, have come 
out and told us that its general influence is 
bad, especially for a Christian man. Men 
in the lodge have told me, who did not 
intend to leave the lodge, that it was not 
a good place in which to grow in grace. 
If Masons and Odd Fellows in good 
standing will talk to me like that I do 
not propose to experiment as they did, 
or keep still and let young Christians 
go where they cannot grow in grace. 

And, too. Masonry garbles the Bible. 
You can get the Masonic Monitor al- 
most anywhere, look it up and see how 
passages of scripture are garbled, and 
often the most essential portions left out, 
and how irreverently the Bible is used. 
With the Mohammedans the Koran may 
be sut)Stituted, with the Chinese the books 
of Confucius, with any heathen people 
its religious books answer the purpose, 
and that puts God's Bible on a level with 
those false books and makes IMasonry 
seem to be a perfect religion because it 
is universal, a religion in which all creeds 
can unite on the common level. I con- 
tend this is a gross insult to the religion 
of Jesus Christ, and that Christian men 
and women ought to awaken to the fact 
that it is one of the most effectual in- 
struments of the devil to keep men from 
the way of life. If Christianity claims 
anything in this world it claims to be so 
exclusive that no other system but that 
which acknowledges Jesus Christ can 
have any claim whatever to being God 
given and this Bible tells me that there is 
no salvation in any other but in Jesus 
Christ our Lord. This system and the 
lesser orders are very much alike. The 
fact is this, in the last 15 years I have 
often asked Christian men what thev 
find the greatest hindrance to church 
work, and I have never found a minister 
yet but would admit that that which kept 
men out of the church more than any 
other single thing was the secret lodge. 
Men say. "If I live up to my order, it 
is religion enough." They give their 
time to the lodge, and so have no time 



52 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



for the church. They give their money 
to take their degrees, and they haven't 
money enough to support the church as 
they otherwise could, and otherwise 
should, and as a result the pulpits are 
being filled with men who deny the divin- 
ity of Christ, and the necessity of the 
atonement; with men who preach the 
charitable type of Christian love, that can 
fellowship sin and that leaves Jesus 
Christ out. These are among the facts 
in the case, and we must oppose such 
things, or deny Christ Jesus our Lord, 
the only Savior of men. 



PRESIDENT BLANCHARD'S ADDRESS. 



Evening Session, Chicago Avenue Church, 

The Chairman, Rev. Dr. Ferris : — 
No man during the last three decades 
has done more perhaps to enlighten the 
masses upon this stupendous question, 
which is being presented this even- 
ing, than the gentleman who is now to 
address you. His face and thoughts 
3re familiar to all during these decades. 
He has presented this subject kindly, 
intelligently, conscientiously and con- 
vincingly and in like manner his argu- 
ments have been unanswerable. It will 
be a delight, a real pleasure to you, to 
listen now while Dr. Charles A. Blan- 
chard, President of Wheaton College, 
addresses us. 

Mr. Blanchard: — Dear friends, I want 
to save your time and mine, or I would 
say just a word about the sacred memo- 
ries which throng about me in this 
house of God, but we are moving on 
and cannot, if we would, 
dwell in the past, and we 
have no time to waste ; so 
let me remind you first of 
all that there are, as re- 
gards secret societies, two 
opinions in the world. 
There are persons who ap- 
prove of them, and there 
are persons who disap- 
prove of them. There are now in the 
United State 300 secret societies ini- 
tiating members. Tliey claim an ag- 
gregate of something like five millions 
of members. They claim to initiate an- 
nually something like 200,000 persons. 
Now whether a person approves of se- 




cret societies or disapproves of them, 
any reasonable person will admit that 
organizations like this are vastly im- 
portant in their character. I am not 
to-night speaking especially to persons 
who disapprove of secret societies. I 
am not to seek to convince those who 
approve of secret societies that they are 
mistaken. If there should chance to 
be present a member of the Masonic 
Order or the Odd Fellows, or some 
other great order, I do. not specially 
seek to convince him that the organiza- 
tion of which he is a mem'ber is an evil 
one. I speak to-night to persons who 
disapprove of secret societies, to per- 
sons who believe that a Christian man 
has no need for organizations of this 
kind, that a person does not require a 
secret organization for the purpose of 
carrying out any plan which may be 
truly intended for the welfare of the 
country of which he is a citizen. I speak 
to persons who do not believe that a 
humanitarian, a person who wishes to 
relieve suffering, needs a secret society. 
In other words, I am speaking to peo- 
ple who on the whole do not care for 
lodges. I suppose that they are a ma- 
jority of the persons present. 

I would not mind giving you a chance 
to testify in regard to this matter. Sup- 
posing I ask, just in a moment, because 
it will take but a moment, all members 
of secret organizations present who be- 
lieve in secret organizations, to stand. 
(A few men arose.) Now will all who 
disapprove of secret societies please 
stand. (The majority of the congrega- 
tion arose.) 

I wish to thank those gentlemen sin- 
cerely who stood, uttering their convic- 
tion that secret societies are beneficial. 
If I were with you in opinion, gentle- 
men, I should have been with you on the 
floor, for I hold it to be a duty of every 
man, freely to express his convictions,, 
and the fact that you gentlemen are in 
the minority, is no reason that you 
should not be true to your convictions. 
I would be glad to have you come to the 
majority, but as long as you do not, you 
ought not to stand with them. May God 
bless you, and save you from being cow- 
ards. 

I supposed that I was speaking to an 



June. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



53 



audience very much like the one we 
'have. That is to say, an audience who 
disapprove of secret societies, but you 
find they are of different opinions about 
the question of what ought we to do. 
Some persons say these secret societies 
are a tremendous evil and every Chris- 
tian man, every preacher, ought to op- 
pose them ; he ought not simply to ab- 
stain from membership in them, but he 
ought to seek to get other people out 
of them, and to keep other people out of 
them ; other persons say these secret 
societies are not right, to be sure, but 
they do not amount to very much ; there 
is no need of making any fuss about 
them, and therefore it is not necessary 
to say anything on the subject ; let us 
eat and drink to-day, to-morrow we will 
have to work, and so let us not bother 
our heads about matters of unimport- 
ance. 

A father who was a Mason was once 
asked by his son whether he had better 
himself, join the lodge, and the father 
said to the young man, "No, I hardly 
believe you would better join." The 
young man said, ''Why, father, is there 
anything bad in it?" ''No, there is 
nothing very bad, but they are so silly. 
Secret societies are just like a parcel 
of calves in a pen sucking one anoth- 
er's ears ; nothing very bad, but it is 
so silly. You do not want to go in it." 

Why Point the Finjcer at the L.od«e ? 

I am requested this evening to say a 
few words to you on this subject. What 
is the reason that people who disap- 
prove of secret societies are testifying 
against them? Why not look upon 
them as unimportant, even if not help- 
ful, and let them pass? What is the 
reason that a man, or an organization, 
or a church should render itself un- 
popular? Why should a school man, 
like myself, who needs the friendship 
of people for his school, who needs the 
money of people to build up his insti- 
tution, and who wants the sons and 
daug'hters of men as pupils, why should 
he, perhaps injure himself somewhat, 
and more important by far, injure his 
institution, by taking a position of an- 
tagonism, hostility, to a great organiza- 
tion like the Masonic or Odd Fellow's 
Lodge? — the secret society system in a 



word. Then there are others who 
say: ''Wliy not let the thing pass?" 
Then there are others who say. "Why 
not preach the Gospel and lee the Gos- 
pel expel all other things? What is 
the need of pointing a finger at an or- 
ganization which is powerful in money, 
powerful in numbers? What is the use 
of discussing it when you know there 
must be a reaction? Why not simply 
preach that Jesus Christ is all ; get peo- 
ple to accept Him ; urge people to be- 
come filled with the Holy Spirit, and 
trust the love of Jesus and the Holy 
Spirit to bring people out of these 
things ? Why should one bear testimony 
to his own hurt?" 

There are two or three things I wish 
to say in regard to this matter, and first 
of all, Jesus says in one of those won- 
derful passages in John which he ut- 
tered toward the close of his life, that 
He came into this world for the ex- 
press purpose of bearing witness to the 
truth. "To this end," He says, "was I 
born," and for this purpose, "did I 
come into the world, that I might bear 
witness to the truth." In the i8th 
of John, if I remember rightly, and 
along about the 37th verse, Pilate said 
to him, "Art thou a king then? Jesus 
answered. Thou sayest that I am a king. 
To this end was I born, and for this 
cause I came into the world, that I 
should bear witness unto the truth." 
This is the end for which I was born. 
This is the reason for which I came 
into the world, that I might bear testi- 
mony, bear witness to the truth." 

You may say to me, "Well, Jesus 
Christ could do that, he was the Son of 
God and the Savior of men, but we 
live in Chicago, and we are not sons of 
God in the sense in which he was, but 
we are human beings, battling for bread, 
struggling for a place on which to set 
our feet, where we may stand. We have 
our interests in our homes, in our places 
of, business. If we bear testimony to 
all truth, we shall almost certainly get 
into trouble. If this church bears tes- 
timony to all the truth, will it not lessen 
its influence ; will not people decline to 
hear its testimony at all because they 
do not want to hear a portion of its tes- 
timony?" Now, Jesus, in this same part 



54 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



of this book of John, and in the 20th 
chapter, says another thing which I wish 
to read to you : "Then said Jesus unto 
them, Peace be unto you ; as my Father 
hath sent me, even so send I you. And 
when he said this, he breathed on them, 
and saith unto them. Receive ye the 
Holy Ghost." If they were to do that, 
He knew they needed special power. 

Why We Are in the World. 

First, Jesus Christ came into this 
world for the purpose of bearing 
testimony to the truth ; Jesus Christ 
sends his disciples into this world, as 
His Father sent Him ; to this end was 
He born, "for this purpose came I into 
the world, that I should bear witness 
to the truth. As my Father sent me, 
so send I you," and I, and our chair- 
man, and every Christian man and wo- 
man in this house to-night, ought to 
hear these words of Jesus in his heart, 
I am sent into the world as Jesus was 
sent into the world, as God the. Father 
sent Jesus, so Jesus the Savior sends 
me. As we sit here in this house of 
God, as . we walk along these quiet 
streets, as we lie down to sleep, as we 
arise to go forth to labor, every Chris- 
tian man, every Christian woman, should 
say to himself or herself, "1 am sent 
into the world as Jesus was sent into 
the world. Jesus came into this world 
to bear witness to the truth. I am sent 
into this world also that I may bear 
witness to the truth." Of course if we 
bear witness to the truth we may get 
into trouble, like our friend from Iowa 
(Hon. J. J. Bruce), who has spoken to 
you, got into difficulty because of his 
testimony, of what was true, and Paul 
got into difficulty because of his testi- 
mony of what was true. "Thric^ was 
I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, 
thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and 
a day have I been in the deep ; in weari- 
ness and painfulness, in watchings 
often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings 
often, in cold and nakedness," and at 
last a death by violence. These were 
the things that came to Paul because of 
his testimony to the truth, and God has 
nowhere assured you and me that the 
testimony we are required to bear should 
not lead us into places of difficulty, but 



he has required us to bear testimony to 
the truth. 

A Testimony From Mr. Moody. 

I remember to have heard Mr. Moody 
say, the last time I was at Northfield^ 
that he had been told that if he should 
admit this secret society question to- 
the platform it would be impossible for 
him to get money for the schools at 
Mt. Hermon and Northfield. He said:: 
"If we cannot get money for our schools 
and be true to God, we will let the 
schools go." (Applause.) "God can 
get along without our schools very 
well, but God requires us to be faith- 
ful," and so I say once more, God re- 
quires you to bear testimony to the 
truth. God has not promised that your 
testimony shall not lead you into diffi- 
culty. It may; but whether into diffi- 
culty, or not into difficulty, as Jesus. 
Christ was sent by the Father into the 
world, so Jesus Christ sends you, and 
each man and woman who is sent forth 
by Jesus Christ is sent forth on pre- 
cisely. the same point on which the Fath- 
er sent him. 

Proportionate Importance of Truth. 

Another fact is, that every man and 
woman bearing testimony to the truth, 
ought to bear testimony to the truth 
in proportion to the importance of the 
truth which he receives. There are dif- 
ferences in rank in truth, and the man 
is to bear most earnest testimony to> 
the truth which is most disputed, most 
denied, and most vital to men. Sup- 
pose, for example, that you should see 
a man going along the street, and you. 
knew that a dozen blocks ahead some 
persons who had sworn to take his life 
were lying in wait for him. 'This you 
know. At the same time you see the 
man come under the lamplight as you 
go along, and you see he has a bit of 
soot on his nose. Now there would be- 
no harm of you saying to him: "My 
friend there is a bit of soot on the side 
of your nose. It would be a good plan 
for you to wipe it off." It would be 
perfectly proper for you to say to him : 
"If you will take your handkerchief 
and rub the soot off your nose it will 
be a good thing, it will be an improve- 
ment in your personal appearance." But; 






June. IIKJH. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



oo 



what sort of a friend would you be, if, 
knowing that twelve blocks ahead there 
are persons who have sworn to take 
his life, you confine your testimony to 
the bit of soot on his nose, and say 
nothing to him about the persons lying 
in wait to take his life? Some per- 
sons cannot digest cheese well, and I 
do not suppose there would be any harm 
for a person to write a little article for 
the newspaper or give a little address 
on the subject of cheese, its digestible 
or indigestible qualities ; but put the 
eating of cheese against the drinking 
of whisky, and when you meet a person 
be all the time talking about the awful 
results of eating cheese, and never heard 
saying anything about the evils that re- 
sult from drink and what is the result? 
When I get into the street cars in Chi- 
cago, I see that the board of health in 
Chicago advise us not to spit on the 
floor ; when I get to Ontario, I find if 
I spit on the floor I shall be fined $5.00; 
v/hen I get to New York, I find if I 
spit on the floor I shall be fined $500, 
or sent to the State's prison for a year, 
or both, in the discretion of the court, 
and I receive the impression that it is 
an extremely injurious thing for a per- 
son to be spitting on the floor of a 
street car ; and while there are 6,000 
saloons in Chicago, every one with a 
man of good character (he has the cer- 
tificate of it hanging behind the bar), 
constantly dealing out death to the 
safety of the homes of the nation in 
which we live, this truth should be ut- 
tered and uttered again and again and 
again, and rung into the ears of men, 
whether they will hear or whether they 
will not, and the truth, which is truth, 
but which is comparatively unimport- 
ant, may be suffered to pass without 
particular remark. 

What Men Need Most to Know, 

Now this is what Christ taught in 
this world, that men were to know the 
truth in this world. What men need to 
know is this : That it is possible for a 
man who is a sinner, an alien from God 
by evil works, helpless in himself, to 
come back to the condition of holiness 
in which our first father was born. 
Most of all, men need to know that it 
is possible for a sinner to. obtain par- 
don through the blood of Jesus Christ, 



to come into fellovvship with God 
through Him, and triumphing over sin in 
His love, to sit down at the right hand 
of God and the throne of Jesus, for- 
ever. If a man knows that, and knows 
that well, he can afford to be poor, and 
he can afford to be despised, he can af- 
ford to be hungry, he can afford to die ; 
and if a man does not know that, 
though he live in a palace and have 
uncounted riches at his command, and 
have houses and land, and have hosts 
of men to salute him as he passes along 
the street, he is poor, and wretched and 
miserable, and in the end must die for- 
ever. 

Now next to this truth that a sinner 
may be saved, what is the truth that 
men need to know? Men need to know 
the things which are likely to separate 
them from the salvation that is in 
Jesus Christ, and here in this city, in 
this world, there are secret societies, 
300 of them in our own country, with 
members by millions, commanding funds 
of money, sums of money which 
are fabulous, if you come to heap them 
up, to aggregate them, all. of them pro- 
posing to do this thing, to save a man 
from evil by his own works, and who 
say a man by his own works is deliver- 
ed from every penalty of evil ; to make 
the man a good man here and to make 
a man a saved man in the world to 
come ; that is the proposition substan- 
tially, that the whole secret society sys- 
tem is making. 

I do not doubt, if I could sit down 
quietly by the side of one of the gentle- 
men who arose saying he believed in 
secret societies, that I should have heard 
something like this : *'We do not live 
as well as we ought, we should live bet- 
ter than we do, but if we could live up 
to the teachings of our Order, we should 
be as good as men need be, and we 
should be saved men here and hereafter." 
If these gentlemen would not say that. 
I can pick them up by the hundred and 
by the thousand in this city who would, 
and because these organizations teach 
men that by their own efforts 
they may be saved ; that by 
a ritual they may be helped 
when there is no salvation except in 
Jesus, when there is no help outside 
of the Son of God. who was crucified 



56 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



outside the walls of Jerusalem, and bur- 
ied in the grave of Joseph of 
Arimathea, and triumphed over death 
and hell and on the third day rose 
again, and to-night sits at the right hand 
of God making intercessions for us, ac- 
cording to His will, because there is 
no salvation in any other name, in no 
other way ; it is the most important of 
all things to me, because of the fact that 
they know that Jesus Christ has saved 
them from the traps and snares and 
pitfalls. 

There are millions of people in the 
United States who have never heard 
one word of warning on secret societies. 
Why a member of this church said to 
me, ''I had listened to preaching thirty 
years before I heard a word of warning 
in regard to the lodge matter," said that 
to me to-day, and there are multitudes 
of persons here who might duplicate 
that testimony. Where the church of 
Jesus Christ has truth as regards the 
work of Jesus Christ, the great world 
knowing nothing about the truth as it 
is in Jesus, the truth 'that Jesus Christ 
is the only Savior of the world, believ- 
ing that there are a thousand ways of 
salvation other than through the 
wounded side of Jesus Christ, is it not 
the duty, the bounden duty of every 
man who knows that Jesus Christ has 
saved him, and knows that secret so- 
cieties in our day are teaching another 
way aside from the faith in Jesus Christ, 
is it not the duty of every church v/ho 
knows these facts, is it not the duty of 
every man and every woman and ever}^ 
church that has received this truth, to 
witness to the truth that men and wo- 
men may be saved only through the 
blood of Christ? 

My time is gone, brothers and sis- 
ters. There is only one thing more I 
wish to say to-night. I believe that the 
great enemy of all truth and brave wit- 
nesses of it, on the part of the church 
and Christianity, is not so frequently a 
disposition not to witness to the truth, 
as a feeling that testimony to the truth 
is hopeless. A man said to me when 
I was a boy they said that when a 
man was testifying against American 
slavery he was simply throwing away his 
time and breath, "he is like the man 



who spits in the face of the wind, and the 
wind returns it, and he spits in his 
own face. There is no use, it is hard, it 
controls everything, it will control ev- 
erything." 

When Mrs. Stowe visited Queen Vic- 
toria in England, the queen gave her 
a pair of bracelets. On one of these 
bracelets she caused to be engraved the 
date of the emancipation of the slaves 
in the West Indies. She said: ''Mrs. 
Stowe, when slavery is abolished in your 
country, you may have the date of the 
abolition of slavery put on the other 
bracelet, and you will have the date 
when slavery was abolished in 
the two greatest Anglo-Saxon coun- 
tries." She brought these bracelets to 
America, and in a social gathering told 
her friends what the queen had said to 
her, and then picked up the bracelet 
which was not engraven and said: "1 
do not expect to live to see this brace- 
let engraved. We have a long march 
before us yet. I do not expect my 
daughter will see it, but I believe that 
by God's help my daughter's child may 
live to see the day that the abolition of 
American slavery shall allow this brace- 
let to be engraven." 

She did not expect to see slaverv 
abolished, she did not think her child 
would see it, and yet that woman lived 
something like thirty-five or forty years 
after slavery slept in its bloody grave, 
and we people that are here to-night 
have altogether too little faith in the 
power of testimony of the truth to do 
this splendid work. A mother said to 
me to-day, "If I could only know that 
my boy was saved, I think that is about 
all I really would ask for;" and yet, 
don't you know the wonderful promises 
that the Lord has given? I will be a 
God to you and I will be a God to your 
child, so that every parent that is here 
to-night has just as good a promise for 
the salvation of his child as for the 
salvation of his own soul. I will be a 
God to thee and thy child after thee; 
and yet, Mr. Talmage, the Christian 
minister, says that the Sunday news- 
paper is here to stay. 

All that amount of stufif that gets 
into the hearts and minds of men and 
fills them so full of. well, — I. do not 



June, 1W6. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



57 



know how to characterize it, I will let 
it go, — that if they were in church you 
could not get any more into them. 
Forty-eight pages of Sunday newspa- 
per! What are you going to do with 
•a thirty minutes' sermon crowded on 
to that. Fifty thousand people in Chi- 
cago have to work all day Sunday, and 
some people say Sunday work is here 
to stay. Six thousand whisky shops 
making people drunk according to law, 
and some people say they are here to 
stay, and still the Holy Spirit says : "As 
the snow comes down and the rain from 
heaven and does not return, and makes 
it bring forth, and bud that it may give 
seed to the sower and bread to the 
eater ; so shall my work be that goeth 
forth out of my mouth ; it shall not re- 
turn unto me void, but it shall accom- 
plish that which I please, and it shall 
prosper in the thing whereto I" sent it." 

If there is anything, in my judgment, 
which the Christian church needs to- 
day more than another it is to come to 
a simple childlike faith in the power of 
testimony to the church of God, to be 
backed by the Spirit of God and by the 
providence of God and to do its tre- 
mendous work in the souls of men, and 
I believe if people who are here to-night 
should simply go out each on her or 
his way, plainly, lovingly, constantly, 
witnessing to the truth as Jesus witness- 
ed to the truth, we should be astounded 
to see the result that would follow from 
our labors. What we want now is that 
every man and woman in this house 
should go forth as Jesus did, bearing wit- 
ness to the truth, according to the im- 
portance of the truth, and never doubt- 
ing for one single instant that when a 
man boldly and in the fear of God bears 
testimony to the truth which God gives 
him, God will take care of his testimony, 
and not permit one single word which 
he speaks to fall to the ground, but 
will cause it all in the end to bear abund- 
ant fruit to His honor, and to the up- 
building of the church, and to the sav- 
ing of men, and that we might have on 
the part of every man and woman and 
church represented in this house to- 
night, testimony for men, blind men 
wandering through this world, longing 
forcompanionship, struggling with temp- 



tation, wondering where they may find 
help, seeking in lodges that light and 
turning their backs on Jesus Christ him- 
self, the only Savior of the world. If 
we will pluck up and pull down, we 
can build and plan, we may get the 
wheat into the ground where it will 
grow. If we are faithful as witnesses, 
God will take care of our testimony, 
and it is a good thing that we have gath- 
ered here to-night. God help us to go 
away from this place to be more true, 
more faithful, more humble witnesses 
for Jesus Christ, and against the ene- 
mies of Jesus Christ, than w^e have ever 
been before. 



Ienj0 of ®ur Pori 



MICHIGAN, ATTENTION! 



Rev. W. B. Stoddard is now laboring 
in your State. The prospects are that a 
State convention will be held in Holland, 
Michigan, on Tuesday and Wednesday,. 
June 23d and 24th. If you can attend, 
plan to do so ; and at least notify all your 
neighbors and have the notice extended 
on the Sabbath as soon as you receive 
a program or circular notice of the exact 
date. 



Rev. J. P. Stoddard and W. I. Phillips 
have been working together in Wiscon- 
sin and working up the State Convention. 



We hereby make grateful acknow- 
ledgment to The Northwestern Christian 
Advocate and to The Free Methodist,, 
by whose courtesy w^e are able to present 
to our readers the excellent engravings 
of Mr. Wesley and his mother, which 
appear in this number. 



Immediately following the annual 
meeting. Rev. J. P. Stoddard and J. A. 
Conant visited Temperance. Michigan, 
and gave several addresses to good audi- 
ences. The presence and help of these 
brethren in our annual meeting was very 
highly appreciated. 



The corporate members of the Asso- 
ciation present at the annual meeting; 



58 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



:;li 



II 



were highly pleased 
-Association during 
are now printing 5 
Cynosure monthly, 
you, who read and 
the proceedings, to 
this coming year by 
■ subscriptions to the 



with the work of the 
the year past. We 
,000 copies of the 
Is it not possible for 
enjoy the account of 
take a forward step 
sending in additional 
Cynosure. 



CONVENTION OF CHRISTIAN 
WORKERS. 



A convention of Christian workers 
is to be held June 23 — 30 at The Moody 
-Bible Institute, Chicago. Various phases 
of aggressive Christian work will be dis- 
cussed by experts. The leading workers 
'of America have been invited to attend, 
and make addresses. The aim will be to 
make the convention practical and help- 
ful to those who are in harness. Rev. 
-R. A. Torrey and Charles Alexander will 
return to America in order to be present. 
The Chicago Auditorium has been en- 
gaged for the evening of June 23 when 
the story of their world-wide revival tour, 
which has occupied 18 months, and 
touched over fifty points in eleven for- 
eign lands, will be told. Further particu- 
lars may be obtained by writing to A. P. 
Fitt, 80 Institute Place, Chicago. 



OTHER CHICAGO MEETINGS. 



Probably no city in the world affords 
greater opportunities to the reform work- 
'Cr than the City of Chicago. As in all 
■our large commercial centers here are 
.'gathered people from every quarter of the 
:globe. 

But one city in Sweden contains more 
of that nationality than Chicago. There 
are said to be one hundred and fifty 
thousand souls here, who have either 
•come directly from that country, or are 
their descendants. The National Christ- 
ian Association numbers many friends 
among them. Their proverbial common 
:sense naturally gives them an aversion 
to the lodge. It is only as they become 
Americans ( ?) that they are likely to 
unite with lodges. The offer of our As- 
sociation to hold meetings in churches 
requesting us to do so, was gladly ac- 
cepted by the body of Christians known 
as Swedish Mission Covenant. There are 



twenty-five churches and missions of this 
body in this city, some of the churches are 
valued at twenty-five thousand dollars. 
These brethren are awake to the needs 
of the hour. Their rule excluding those 
connected with the lodge from their fel- 
lowship brings them into constant con- 
flict. We are glad to be able to help 
them. A series of meetings have been 
held in different parts of the city, which 
should lead up to the central meetings in 
the Chicago avenue (Moody's) and the 
First M. E. church. Bro. W. B. Stod- 
dard came on two weeks before the an- 
nual meeting and has been speaking to 
appreciative, and in some instances large 
gathermgs of the people nearly every 
night and several times on the Sabbath. 
In addition to the meetings in the Swed- 
ish church the Free Methodist, German. 
Baptist Brethren and Mennonite and 
other churches have opened their 
doors for such meetings as we have been 
able to hold. President Blanchard 
has been a great help in this effort. New 
doors are constantly opening and our 
God is leading on to victory. 



REPORT OF SECRETARY W. B. 
STODDARD, 



Chicago, 111., May 14, 1903. 
To the Memhers and Friends of the N. 
C. A. in Annual Convention, Greet- 
ing:— 

It is' with joy and thanksgiving that 
we refer to the dealings of our God 
with us during the past year. We have 
been favored in health of body and soul 
and, as in the other years, have pushed 
into fields welcoming our efforts. 
Neither in the monthly reports appear- 
ing in the Cynosure, nor in our pres- 
ent effort will we be able to convey a 
full knowledge of our work or its re- 
sults. 

The figures are as follows : Total 
number of Anti-Secret addresses given, 
113; other addresses, 97; approximate- 
number of calls made, 2,359 5 numher of 
Cynosure subscriptions taken, 809 ; 
amount received for Cynosure subscrip- 
tions, $875.60; receipts per collections, 
aside from amounts used in defraying 
the expenses of State conventions, $295,- 
30 ; expended for meals and lodging, 



June, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN 01(:NOSURE. 



59 



$1 19.63 ; for travel, $292.59 ; special post- 
age, $8.60. 

It has seemed best to those guiding 
the affairs of our association that we 
give some time to many States, thus 
keeping alive fires already kindled, and 
helping the largest possible number. 
'Our travel has therefore been much 
more extended than in former years. 

In Missouri, Michigan, Wisconsin and 
Iowa we assisted in holding conventions 
..and their tributary meetings together 
with the annual gatherings we have 
iDeen accustomed to hold in Pennsyl- 
vania and Ohio. 

New Jeersey has come grandly to the 
front during the year. At a very suc- 
cessful State convention in Paterson, 
an organization was effected with a view 
to pushing forward in that important 
<:ommonwealth. 

We have been permitted to contribute 
a little to the grand successes of the 
work in New England, and have receiv- 
ed in return the assistance and co-opera- 
.tion of the agent there. 

We have distributed literature in the 
States of Maryland, Virginia, and the 
District of Columbia. 

Our methods have been much the 
•same as in other years. With a heart 
filled with love to God and humanity, 
we have sought continually to guide 
away from the lodge and into the blessed 
Christ life. Many have been happily 
converted in the special meetings held. 
Not a few have renounced their lodges. 

While it is probably true that there 
never was a time when men and women 
joined the lodges more than to-day, it 
is also true, I think, that more are seek- 
ing light than in former years. 

In our efforts to respond to the many 
calls that come ringing in our ears we 
have almost become a stranger to wife 
and child. Was .our wife of the tem- 
perament of some we meet we should 
be without that luxury commonly called 
a home. 

When one year ago we reported se- 
curing 765 subscriptions to the Cyno- 
sure in twelve months we thought we 
had reached the height of our possibili- 
ties in that line, but owing to the bless- 
ing of God on a systematic effort we are 



able to place the figures considerably be- 
yond this year. 

Not all of the State conventions have 
been largely attended, but all have man- 
ifested an enthusiasm which bodes well 
for the future. 

No one feeling the pulse of the Anti- 
secrecy reform to-day can fail to dis- 
cover that we have a live subject on 
hand. Look at the meelings being 
held in this city and elsewhere ; ask the 
general secretary if Dr. Blanchard's 
book is selling, listen to the many dis- 
cussions in the church courts of the 
various denominations, or read the pa- 
pers loaded with reform news, if you 
have any doubts as to whether the peo- 
ple are much interested in this ques- 
tion. They have to be. Hopes for 
time and eternity are centered in wise 
action along this line. The result of the 
conflict is not uncertain. Sure as God 
is God the right shall win. 

When the glorified church shall enter 
into the marriage supper of the lamb 
we believe it will be found that the 
agency of the National Christian asso- 
ciation has helped much in ridding her 
of one of the greatest polutions of 
earth. So we go forward in the name 
of our great Leader to help as we have 
opportunity. 

"For right the day shall win, 
To doubt would be disloyalty 
To falter would be sin." 



THE WORK IN MISSOURI. 



By Eld. A. B. Lipp. 

Editor Cynosure. Sir : — In my last to 
you I failed to give the friends an ac- 
count of the conversion of a bold young 
infidel and zealous Odd Fellow and La- 
bor Union man. Andrew Browitt is 
happily rejoicing in the Savior's love 
and in redeeming grace, and is not 
ashamed to tell of it. 

On the loth of March at Newtown, 
Mo., I preached the funeral sermon of 
that prince in Israel. Eld. John Martin, 
M. D. (a converted Mason). His desire 
was granted in three things : ist. That 
he should depart in joyful peace : 2d. 
That God would not onlv have it so that 



60 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



June, 1903. 



I could be there, but also have liberty of 
mind' and speech to preach his funeral 
sermon. My text was : Eph. 2 :6, "And 
hath raised us up together and made us 
sit together in heavenly places in Christ 
Jesus." I made it so plain that all such 
were raised above all tlie fixtures and 
mixtures of men and devils, that all 
seemed to be not only interested, but 
astonished at so much evidence of the 
need of not being unequally yoked to- 
gether in secret societies. This opened 
the way wide for the third desire, that 
I should meet and have an earnest per- 
sonal talk with his oldest son, an emi- 
nent doctor of Monroe county, Iowa 
(M. Martin), whom the father, during 
his lodge zeal, had led into the lodge, 
but could not lead out again. (God help 
fathers to lead children to God's altar.) 
At the supper table, the lodge question 
became the text for a talk with him of 
about four hours, which talk was freely 
seasoned with tears along the way of 
investigation. He seemed to thank God 
for the privilege of meeting and. talking 
with me. 

While on the train an old man sat 
down by me and asked: ''Where to 
now?" I answered, and told him of the 
Elder Martin, who had forsaken Ma- 
sonry. "Well," said he, "I have been a 
Mason a long time, have studied the 
subject closely and have decided that a 
man can't be a good Mason, unless he 
is first a good Christian. 

Question — Who is a Christian? An- 
swer — An obedient follower of Christ. 

Question — Can you follow where he 
does not go? No. 

Question— Is it obedient to do what 
is forbidden? No. 

Question — Is it Christian to reject 
from prayer His name? No. Then I 
must say positively to you that a man 
according to your lodge books and the 
Bible, cannot be a Mason and a Chris- 
tian at the same time. "Every spirit 
that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is 
come (not has) in the flesh is anti-Christ, 
and we all know that you dare not use 
His name, not even in your burial-pray- 
ers, and, sir, unless you obtain the kind 
of repentance that enables you to re- 
nounce and forsake your lodgery, you 
are an tmdone, lost man. 

I started on horse-back through snow 



and mud the 3d ult., on an eleven days' 
tour through Sullivan and Linn coun- 
ties. Mo. I was stopping over night 
with a firm believer in God and was tell- 
ing him of what I had heard and seen 
on my travels, when a foolish Odd Fel- 
low, who thought I was making light of 
him — got mad, took his team out of the 
barn, made his wife get two little chil- 
dren out of the bed, and started out at 
8 o'clock at night to get other lodgings. 
His wife said, as they started : "If this 
is the benefit of Odd Fellowship I do not 
want much of it." 

At Browning, Linn county. Mo., I 
urged the awful guilt and condemnation 
of religious polygamy. Everywhere are 
church members wedded to the lodge 
and the church. Everywhere churches 
are guilty in allowing its members to 
live such double lives. Unless God has 
changed, his lowering clouds are hang- 
ing heavy over our churches and our 
once happy land. No wonder cloud- 
bursts, cyclones, tornadoes and earth- 
quakes are hurling men, women and 
children into Eternity by the thousands. 
Oh, that God would send a Ninevah 
shower of repentance. 

A. B. LIPP. 

Sidney, Mo., May i, 1903. 



NEEDS NO COMMENT. 



Hold Odd Fellows' Memorial on the Sabbath 

Northwest Side members of the I. O. 
O. F. held memorial vespers yesterday 
afternoon at the residence of Dr. William 
B. Leach. About ten societies were rep- 
resented. Dr. Leach addressed the gath- 
ering, taking for his topic the principles 
of the order. — Chicago Press. 



Elks' Home Dedicated. 

Richmond, Va., May 22. — The national 
home of the order of Elks was dedicated 
at Bedford City yesterday. United 
States Senator Daniel, Governor Monta- 
gue and Past Exalted Ruler Detwilder 
were the speakers. 



Saloon License f«r Klks. 

The Elks lodge room in Waukegan, 
111., is just the same as a saloon. Such 
was the ruling yesterday of Mayor W. 
W. Pearce, who added to the indigna- 



June. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



c.l 



tion of the lodge members by declaring 
they must take out a $500 liquor license. 
The chief of police served the mayor's 
ultimatum on the Rev. W. E. Toll, sev- 
eral lawyers, and Supt. Sells, of the 
Waukegan wire works. 

Christians who are members of lodges 
are thereby in an unholy alliance with 
the world. — The Deliverer. 



Christians of to-day, by helping to 
build up lodge temples are doing what 
God's people had done when the prophet 
wrote : "For Israel hath forgotten his 
maker and buildeth temples." — The De- 
hverer. 



Christians who belong to lodges and 
who attend upon and participate in the 
dances and banquets which are common 
features of lodge life, lose spiritual power 
and experience thereby. And Christians 
who belong but do not attend the dances 
and banquets, by the very fact of their 
membership are giving moral and finan- 
cial support to these forms of worldly 
and sinful dissipation. — The Deliverer of 
Lincoln. Neb. 



Thirst in Kansas Lodsres. 

Topeka, April 11, 1903. — The Kansas 
Utopian Association is an illegal organi- 
zation, says the Supreme Court to-day, 
in a decision handed down in an appeal 
in the case of a lodge-keeper from Brown 
county. ''Stripped of its subterfuge and 
pretense it is simply a whisky saloon," 
says the court. 

The decision will result in the closing 
of 200 "lodges" with 65,000 members. 



A Saloon Keeper Restored. 

At a meeting of the Grand Tribunal 
of the Knights of Pythias, meeting in 
Columbus, Ohio, April 29th, 1903, D. P. 
Miller, a saloon-keeper of Steubenville, 
Ohio, was restored to membership in the 
K. of P. lodge of that place. He had 
been expelled by the home lodge. 



MURDERED MAN'S BODY. 



ijecret Society Crime, the Police Theorj'. 

An atrocious murder was revealed 
early yesterday morning when the body 



of a man was found in a barrel in front 
of the building at 743 East Eleventh 
street, near Avenue D. The man's throat 
had been cut from ear to ear — after eigh- 
teen knife wounds had been inflicted in 
the neck. 

Who the man was, why he was killed. 
Or when, or where, or by whom, and how 
or when or by whom the body was con- 
veyed to the spot where it was discovered 
are questions the police cannot answer. 
— N. Y. Times (April 15, 1903.). 



5tandard Works 

—ON— 

SeQfRt Societies 

FOR SALE BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRIS i IAN ASSOCIATION. 

aai West Madison Street. Chicago, 111. 



IMPORTANT I^FORMATIO^. 

(1 ) We are unable to furnish the Ritual* 
of any Societies not given In this Catalogue. 

(2.) The safest as well as the cheapest 
ways to get books are as follows: Always 
send the full amount for your order by draft, 
P O. or Express Money Order, or Registered 
Letter. Books at retail price sent Post Paid. 
For 8 cts. extra books Registered or Express 
Paid and delivery guaranteed. 

(3.) C. O. D. orders will not be filled unless 
$1.60 Is sent with order as a guaranty that 
books will be taken; and as Express and Co - 
lection charges must both be paid, on small 
orders for books C. O. D. the cost Is double 
what it is to have them sent Registered or 
Bxprese paid. 



ON FREEMASONRY. 



Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon .1 the Blue Lodge and 
Chapter consisting of ' ' ea degrees. Profusely 
V<:;istrated. 

Knighl Ternplarisr>^ Illustrated. 

34! pao^es, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A lull illustrated ri* al ol the six degrees ol 
t)t^ Council aud Comuiaiiderv 



Scotch Rite flasonrj* illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cl'-- , $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir: 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, ana 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
5;rd to 18th inclusive. 

Voi. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
hjclusive, with the signs, grips, tokens ind nas*- 
wnrda firxn i%t to 33m ^%t n » ilir.lasiv» 



62 



w 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSUllE. 



June, 1903. 



£^=EXPLANATORY: Freemasonry Illustrated 
and Knight Teniplarism Illustrated give the 13 
degrees of the York Rite, and there are 33 degrees 
in the Scotch Rite. But the first three degrees as 
given in Free-masonry Illustrated belong to both 
Rites. So these books give 43 different degrees 
(no duplicates). 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re 
vieed and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty- 
wo degree Masons. 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 1 o pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand-Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 

By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the cornplete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees .A Freemasonry. 

Richardson's Monl^,or ot Freema-- 

sonrj'. Cloth $i.2>,; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of^ Lodges, Chapters, 
Iincampmenis, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only vfv incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the firs* seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it "t;. i'es but a description 
and general idea of the Hegrees rather than tht 
full ntual 



Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatoiy engrav 
iugs, and containing the ritual and work of the or 
der for the seven degrees, inclu'ang the Royai 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is no? 
ajs accurate as " Freemasonry './(lustrated." 

Lool( to the East. A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry HVj?- 

crated or the Handbook of Free^'asonry at s 

quarter the price. 

Allyn's Ritual of Freemascsiry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cioth, ^5.00. 

Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
(.odge. ChaT-r„r Council and Commandery, 11 ol 
the Scotch Kite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Key to the Phi Beta 
liappa. and the Orang"^ -Societies'. 

£cce Orient!. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. . ^ ^. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of t^e First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising ■* 
Candidate. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 

D„ Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 75c 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

20C. each. 

A. full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
'piTeesof Female F-oerpasonry, by Thomas Lowe 

Story of the Gods. Postpaid, loc. 

By 1. R. B. Arnold. Brief sketches from the 
mythology of Rome, Creece, Egypt, India, Persia, 
Phrygia, Scandina' La, Africa ana America, show- 
ing the relations and unity of the past and present 
systems. The idolatrous worship of the Masonir 
lodge is thus clearly seen and understood. 



Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages» 

Sermon on flasonry. 16 pages, 
jc. By Rev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
United Presbyterian church. 

Sermon on flasonry. loc. each. 

By Rev. James Williams, Presiding Elder of' 
Dakota District Northwestern Iowa Conference- 
M. E. Church— a seceding Master Mason. 

Prof. J. G. Carson, D. D., on Se- 
cret Societies. loc. each. 

A most convincing argument against fellowship- 
ixv Freemasons in the Christian church. 

Sermon on Masonry. 5c. each. 

By Rev. J. Day Brownlee. In reply to a Ma- 
sonic Oration by Rev. Dr. Mayer, Wellsville, Ohio.. 

The Image of the Beast; A Secret 
Empire; or Freemasonry a Subject of 
Prophecy. By Rev. Richard Horton. 
Third Edition'. 200 pages, cloth, 6oc 

Col. George R. Clarke. 2c. each.. 

Extracts from an address at a National Christian.; 
Association Conference 1889. 

Col. Clark was a Thirty-Two Degree Free-Mason,, 
an Officer of the Civil War, Founder of "Pacific 
Garden Mission," Chicago, and a Christian Worker 
of National Reputation, Two Christian Workers. 
of Chicago declare this the best testimony that they 
have read on the subject. 

Qraciouslv Delivered. 2c. each. 

Rev. E. G. Wellesley-Wealey was graciously de- 
livered from membership in seven different lodges. 
He had been their defender in private and from 
the pulpit. His experiences as ne was led by the 
Holy Spirit out of bondage is very interesting and 
bslpful. 

Pres. H. H. George on Secret: 

Societies. loc. each. 

A powerful address, showing clearly the duty of- 
Christian churches to disfellowship secret socie- 
ties. 

Secret Societies. Cloth 35c, pape' 
15c. 

A discussion of their character and claims by> 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

Sermon on Secret Societies. 5c.. 
each. 

By Rev. Daniel Dow, Woodstock, Conn. The: 
special object of his sermon is to show the right 
and duty of Christians to examine into the char- 
acter of secret societies, no matter what object 
such societies profess to hav». 

ilasonic Oaths Null and Void: or 
Freemasony Self =Convicted. 207 

pages. Postpaid, 40c. 

Thi.s is a book for the times. The design of the : 
author is to refute the arguments of those who 
claim that the oaths of Freemasonry are binding 
upon those who take them. 

Masonic Outrages. Postpaid, 20c. 

Compiled by Rev. H. H. Hinman. Showing 
Masonic assualt on lives of seceders, on reputation, 
and on free speech; its interference with justice iip^ 
courts, etc 





"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said notJiing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, JULY, 1903. 



NUMBER 3. 



THE C^RI$TIA^ CYNOSIRE 

OFFICIAX ORGAN OF THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 

221 West Madison St., Chicag-o 



CROWD£D TO THE WALL. 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicag-o, 111., as second- 
class matter. 



W'e have been asked to again publish 
information about the Maccabees. We 
will endeavor to comply with the request 
in the August number of the Cynosure. 



The report of the Michigan State Con- 
vention came too late for insertion in 
this number. Among the speakers on the 
program were Rev. D. R. Drukker, Rev. 
H. A. Day, Rev. M. E. Remmele, Rev. 
M. J. Bosnia, Mrs. E. W. Chapman, Rev. 
J. Groen and Rev. Wm. Dillon. 



Our fraternal delegate to the Free 
Methodist General Conference, President 
Blanchard, reports a very generous re- 
ception, and that he was privileged to 
speak before a large audience. The 
''General Conference Daily" says : 

"The conference was greatly favored yes- 
terday in the presence of President Charles 
A. Blanchard. His address occupied sixty- 
tive minutes. He spoke with clearness and 
power, and his words were an inspiration to 
all who heard him." 

We hope to give our readers in the Au- 
gust Cynosure a synopsis of his address, 
and Superintendent Hart's reply in full. 



"You may send the Christian Cyno- 
sure one year to our pastor. I believe 
God is pleased to have rrie use one dollar 
of His money for this purpose." 



In "The future of the American Ne- 
gro," Booker T. Washington says : 
'The place made vacant by the old col- 
ored man, who was trained as a car- 
penter during slavery and who since 
the war had been the leading contractor 
and builder in the Southern town, had 
to ibe filled. No young colored carpen- 
ter capable of filling the place could 
be found. The result was that his place 
was filled by a white mechanic from the 
North, or from Europe, or from else- 
where. * * * Whenever the negro 
has lost ground industrially in the 
South, it is not because there is a 
prejudice against him as a skilled labor- 
er on the part of the native Southern 
white man ; the Southern white man 
generally prefers to do business with 
the negro mechanic rather than with a 
white one, because he is accustomed to 
do business with the negro in this re- 
spect. There is almost no prejudice 
against the negro in the South in the 
matter of business, so far as the na- 
tive whites are concerned : and here 
is the entering wedge for the solution 
of the negro problem. 

''But too often when the white me- 
chanic or factory operative from the 
North gets a hold, the trades union soon 
follows, and the negro is crowded to 
the wall." 

The highest authority on the indus- 
trial elevation of the negro race, thus 
pointedly recognizes the trades union, 
in its present secret form, as one of the 
obstacles hindering the progress of the 
negro population of the South toward 
that level at which Tuskegee Institute 
steadfastly aims. When the trades 
union is itself lifted from the lower level 
of lodgery, it may be able to join in aid 



66 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



of Tuskegee and accompany industrial 
progress undivided by a color line. 



THE SAME GRY:— JOIN! 



The public have been justified for a long 
time in assuming that the liquor dealers 
were organized to protect each other from 
punishment for crimes done. Now comes 
the Champion, a liquor trade paper, with 
proof of this fact. In its issue of January 
31, it notes the case of Murphy, the rum- 
seller, who is being sued for $10,000 dam- 
ages by the wife of one of his drink- 
wrecked customers, and says: "As Mr. 
Murphy has not considered it worth while 
to join the Liquor Dealers' Association, he 
will have the satisfaction of fighting the 
case alone and paying his own attorney's 
fees. Had he been a member, that organ- 
ization would have paid all expenses and 
taken the case up to the Supreme Court if 
necessary. Here is a warning to all saloon- 
keepers to join the association."— Sel. 

Hand joins with hand when the pur- 
pose is wicked, and the cry still con- 
tinues: — Join! ''Cast in thy lot with 
us ; let us all have one purse. 

"My son, go not thou in the way with 
them ; refrain thy foot from their path." 



TOO MUCH JOINING. 



When in Boston we witnessed the great 
May Irwin in "Too Much Johnson"— a New 
England classic. We thought of the fellows 
we saw be- jeweled and be-badged until it 
was hard to tell whether they were "poor 
and weary pilgrims traveling from afar" 
or street fakirs who, with knightly jewels 
emblazoned on velvet shields, were crying 
their wares. It was, to use the words of one 
of them (fakirs), "the time to celebrate, and 
jubilate, and decorate." If we all wore the 
insignia of the "several" degrees, we'd 
make a holy show, and unsophisticated for- 
eigners would drop their jaws to look after 
us as we passed by, thinking us some battle- 
scarred heroes from a hundred, victories, 
anil t^«i clanking of charms would tinkle 
like the oells on the High Priest's robe. One 
of tlio social diseases of the times is too 
much joining. We cannot be content with 
the primary purposes of Brotherly Love, 
Relief and Truth, but we must conform to 
the mad rush and go in for a long list of 
reasons, none of which are sufficient to 
justify us. We sometimes think "what a 
ridiculous caper a man cuts who belongs to 
a dozen different orders, not one of which 



could or would reach beyond a most super- 
ficial degree of usefulness to him.— Freema- 
son and Fez. 

Let it be noted that it is a Mason 
who^ speaks of the joining craze as a 
"social disease." It diagnoses that way 
to some who are not Masons. 

The cost of Solomon's Temple, as figured 
out by a noted statistician and investigator, 
who has lots of time for such work, is, in 
round numbers, $52,117,034,867.46. We are 
glad that he got the odd cents on.— Masonic 
Chronicle. 

The cents, at least, ought to be work- 
ed into the Masonic ritual. It seems to 
need more sense. 



DOES THIS "ATTACK THE ARMY?" 

A study of the following menu of a sup- 
per given by some army officers in the 
Philippines to one of their number who 
was about to return to the States, reveals 
the reason why many army officers want 
the sale of beer to be re-established at the 
post exchanges or canteens. It is given as 
printed by the Army and Navy Journal: 
FREE LUNCH. 

Beer. 
Entrees Everybody 

Beer. 
Crabs a la Diable Chef Dook 

Beer. 
Tamales (Mex.) Chef Camel 

Beer. 
Pickles and Olives Chef Rite 

Beer. 
Vienna Dog Chef Hombre 

Beer. 
Sandwiches' Chef George 

Beer. 
Eggs (Hard Shell) Bilgewater 

Beer. 
Whisky (for those who do not drink beer) 

Two extras Beer 

Water (for those who wish to take a bath). 
Beer's all out. 
Adios. 
—Bay State Issue. 

These are the men sent to introduce 
civilization, and this is one among sev- 
eral ways in which they perform their 
errand. Whether they were qualified for . 
this part of their elevating work by 
lodge suppers, is the question of special 
interest here. 



Loan your Cynosure to your neighbor. 
Call his attention to that article that did 
you so much good. 



July, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



67 



A FAIR AND FRIENDi_Y CRITICISM. 



Modern Secret Societies. By Charles A. 
Blanchard, D. D., president of Wheaton 
College. Chicago. National Christian Asso- 
ciation, 1903; pp. 320, 4x6. Cloth: Post- 
paid, 75 cents. 

No book relating to secret orders 
more fully answers its own characteriza- 
tion of itself as a "compendious discus- 
sion of a tremendous subject.'' Its ar- 
rangement peculiarly adapts it to use as 
a convenient compend, for it is so divid- 
ed into parts and subdivided into short 
chapters, either of which might have 
been an editorial article, that from the 
index an inquirer can turn to a brief 
yet complete treatment of his special 
question. 

Though not in the ordinary sense an 
exposure, the book yet presents salient 
features of initiation and obligation with 
enough of detail to answer much the 
same purpose without .dragging its 
reader too far through tedious intrica- 
cies of wearisome ceremonials. It thus 
leaves him possessed of definite facts 
and cardinal principles ; intelligent in 
governing his own conduct, defending 
his position, or guiding other men. 

For this reason, it is also well fitted 
to meet the needs of any one, who, while 
debating with himself whether or not 
to join, wishes to know what obliga- 
tions are assumed, what principles in- 
volved, and what practical results at- 
tained or incurred, before being irre- 
vocably bound to them. Adaptation 
to such use is indicated by chapter head- 
ings like these : 

"Is it possible to know what lodges 
are without uniting with them? 

"The obligations of secret orders. 

"Testimony of seceders. 

"The ceremonies of the lodge ; or 
how is a man made a Mason ?" 

Surprising self-restraint, reserve and 
economy of material, seem to appear in 
treating thirty such topics so that hardly 
ten small pages are occupied by any 
chapter however conclusive or complete. 
Seven chapters in Part First arc occu- 
pied with "Clearing away the brush ;" 
with seven chapters also. Part Second 
is wholly devoted to "P>eemasonrv: 
The keystone of the arch." Part Third 
presents in eight chapters "Related and 



subsidiary organizations ;" among which 
are Odd Fellow lodges. Industrial or- 
ders and temperance societies. The 
treatment of trades unions is impres- 
sively sympathetic. Part Fourth has 
eight "Concluding chapters" on inter- 
esting subjects relating to the secret 
system. An appendix contains two chap- 
ters, one of which relates to personal 
experiences of the author, who has been 
connected variously with anti-secret in- 
terests, and whose father was founder 
and first editor of the Cynosure. 

Combined breadth and rapidity char- 
acterizing the author's method, are il- 
lustrated in two chapters briefly exam- 
ining the higher degrees. One page 
sufiiices to glance at hundreds of de- 
grees invented at various times ; at those 
surviving and still in use ; at the rites 
under which they are classed, and at 
the relative prominence of these. The 
progressive tendency of successive de- 
grees comes to light in the next page 
and a half, while, in three pages next 
following, the anti-Christian attitude of 
the Blue Lodge and the sacrilegious 
quality of the Commandery come out in 
high relief. Rapidly the disclosure pro- 
ceeds, until the whole range of ^Masonic 
progress is before the reader, like a land- 
scape seen in a sweeping glance that 
catches enough of detail on which it yet 
makes no delay while it comprehends 
the whole. 

The marvelous fulness and complete- 
ness of this discussion of higher degrees 
in connection with the lowxr. with sur- 
prising development of detail without 
dilatoriness, consists, under the handling 
of a master of the subject, with a rapid- 
ity of movement and brevity of treat- 
ment that makes the panorama pass be- 
fore the reader while he turns the leaves 
of two chapters neither of which is 
twelve narrow pages long. Thus sud- 
denly does light flash out from darkness 
within the lodge. 

Written according to such methods, 
the book is well adapted to purposes of 
handy reference, while, yet, it leads the 
reader out on lines of special studv to 
be pursued in other volumes. 

No one who reads it can be ignorant 
of the merits of the question or una- 
ware of grounds for personal decision; 



i! 



GS 



UJdLKISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



no one who proceeds from it to other 
sources of information can come to them 
unprepared; and every one who comes 
to it from previous study, will recognize 
here a notable addition to anti-secret 
literature, adapted to command respect, 
win confidence, promote intelligence and 
establish settled conviction. 

X. Y. Z. 



NEW DEPARTURE IN THE MISSION 

FIELD. 

It is said the project of founding a Cath- 
olic seminary, a main feature of whose scope 
will be the education under American aus- 
pices of clergy for the Philippine Islands, 
was one of the matters taken up by the arch- 
bishops of the country at their recent meet- 
ing in Baltimore. It received their hearty 
approval. 

The project was first mooted at the con- 
vention of missionaries to non-Catholics, held 
last August at Winchester, Tenn. The Cath- 
olic clergymen there assembled voted that 
there was urgent need of the existence of a 
seminary for the home and colonial missions, 
which should be placed under the direct con- 
trol of the hierarchy in some such way as is 
the American College in Rome, and which 
should not be dominated by any religious 
community nor narrowed by any diocesan 
limits. 

The immediate motive for the existence of 
this seminary is the finding of a place where 
young levites with a missionary vocation can 
be thoroughly educated in some of the lan- 
guages spoken in the Philippines and phys- 
ically trained for the life of suffering, pov- 
erty and self-sacrifice that the career of a 
missionary, even at home, implies.— The 
Catholic Forester. 

A member of the Cabinet of President 
Roosevelt lately said in a public address 
that the Philippines are naturally Cath- 
olics and that they will doubtless remain 
Catholics. 



MASONIC EXPANSIONS. 



"Spain was one of the first countries 
in which England introduced our frater- 
nity. It is beyond doubt that the Duke 
of ^Wharton founded the lodge 'Matri- 
tense' at Madrid in 1728. It was as regu- 
lar as it could be. Several other lodges 
were established afterwards until a pro- 
vincial grand lodge was formed under 
England in Andalusia." 

The above representation by a writer 



in the American Tyler, of "one of the 
first" exportations or expansion of Free- 
m.asonry comports with the well-known 
fact that Freemasonry of the real sort 
originated in England in the first quarter 
of the eighteenth century. 

The article treats at length of regular 
and clandestine lodges in Cuba. It tells 
how Ferdinand VII. of Spain, "together 
with the church," destroyed Masonry 
in Spain once, so that "in 1848 there was 
not a single lodge to be found in the 
whole kingdom." An attempt to revive 
it in 1854 failed. Before the last war 
in 1895, a struggle between Cuban and 
Spanish lodges in the island ended in the 
disappearance of all Spanish lodges from 
Cuba. After the American occupation, 
there was a renewal of struggle between 
lodges through a new organization, not 
subject to the native Cuban grand lodge. 
"Apparently, this people have nothing to 
do with Spain, calling themselves Gran 
Oriente Nacipnal Cubano, but it is well 
known that they are under the banner 
of the worst of all bodies — that of the 
Rite of Memphis." 

An interesting fact concerning the her- 
itage of clandestine Masonry incurred 
by Cuba from England through Spain, 
and one of the things included germinally 
in the exportation of 1728, is, that 
"Women are initiated at par with men, 
their lodges being the most repugnant 
example of androgynous Masonry ever 
seen." The writer of the article from 
which we have quoted, is himself a Cuban 
Mason, and he concludes with a caution 
to Masons "in foreign lands, to beware 
of this clandestine society, and be care- 
ful if any of them should happen to call 
at their doors. The name of their faction 
is that of Grand Oriente Nacional 
Cubano. Let them rest in peace." He 
may cry peace, but obviously there is no 
peace. 



"Flashlight Pictures Through a Hole 
in the Wall," by Rev. O. M. Thomason, 
Carwile, Okla. This is a booklet of 64 
pages, which Brother Thomason will 
send to an}^ address upon the receipt of 
25 cents. He does not simply "fight se- 
cret societies," but admonishes the 
churches that they bear witness to the 
truth on this particular subject. 



July, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



69 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



ANNUAL MEETING AND CONVENTION MAY 14, i5, 1Q03. 




REV. D. NYVALL, 
President North Park College. 

SECRET SOCIETIES. 



The Harvest Proves the Character of the 
Seed. The Influence of T^odges on Home, 
School, Church and State. 



PRESIDENT D. NYVALL. 

(The address of President Nyvall was steno- 
graphically reported, and The Cynosure is indebted 
to Miss Ruth M. Boring for the translation of this 
excellent address, delivered in the First M. E. 
Church, Chicago, May 15th, 1903.) 

I feel as if I ought to begin with an 
apology. My subject is strange to me. 
Nevertheless, there is no need to apolo- 
gize for giving a testimony. I stand 
ready this evening to say just so much as 
I feel, just so much as I know, just so 
much as I believe. 

This meeting is the outcome of several 
which have already been held, and is in- 
tended to be a united protest of all the 
Christian Mission friends in this city 



against the evil known as ''secret socie- 
ties." 

During the preceding week we have 
gathered in different parts of this city 
to summon our friends and countrymen 
to this great meeting, that we might give 
a unanimous expression to this protest 
of ours. 

The purpose of this gathering" is not 
primarily to destroy this evil ; its purpose 
is rather to prevent than to exterminate. 
We wish to direct our remarks, first of 
all, to the young who are not yet mem- 
bers of these secret organizations. We 
wish to point out to them the danger in 
which they stand. It may be that we can- 
not prevent their joining these societies, 
but we can at least prevent them from 
doing so ignorantly. 

Kvil Associations Will Perish. 

I desire, in the first place, to make the 
statement that if secret organizations are 
an evil, they must perish. There is noth- 
ing evil under the sun which can endure. 
Evil must inevitably perish : whether it is 
weak or strong, whether it is defended 
by the many or the few, whether it has 
at its service all the wealth, power, 
genius and culture known to the world, 
is of no consequence whatever. That 
which is evil bears within itself the seed 
of its inevitable doom. Hence it is not 
for us to decide whether that which is 
evil shall endure or perish. It is rather 
for us to decide when and how it shall 
meet its fate. This time and manner may 
depend largely on the seasonableness of 
our protestations. 

We must remember that all interest 
grows and develops. This is fully as true 
of the evil as of the good, and consequent- 
ly that an evil interest grown to a high 
stage of development may cost an untold 
amount of bloodshed and of woe to over- 
come. Let us not. therefore, delay our 
declaration of war against the evil under 
consideration to-night. 

Mv honored friend, Dr. Blanchard, 



|i 



70 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



says in one of his books on secret socie- 
ties that a hundred years ago there was 
scarcely a man in the United States who 
defended slavery. Slavery was recog- 
nized as an evil by all men, from the 
highest statesman to the humblest citi- 
zen. Yet it required only fifty years to 
change public feeling and opinion to 
such an extent that the same evil was de- 
fended by clergymen on the strength of 
the Holy Bible. 

My friends, there is no power for evil 
in this world to compare with this, that 
evil is defended by good men and wom- 
en. The most powerful strength of evil 
lies in the fact that an honorable, upright 
and noble man upholds it; and that with 
him are a thousand, and ten thousand, 
and a hundred thousand splendid men 
who likewise uphold it. A poor cause, 
defended only by evil men, is soon 
ruined. 

The point is often brought up as an 
excuse for secret societies that so many 
good people take an interest in them and 
help to protect them. I say that in this 
very fact lies the real peril. 

There is something which is called the 
sleeping conscience of the public, and it 
is this sleeping conscience which is to 
blame for the enormous growth of this 
evil. I repeat again, that if these secret 
societies are an evil, then sooner or later 
they must perish; but it can be seen that 
this destruction may cost us more than 
we now imagine that it shall. The best 
moment to take up the war against it is 
the present, just now. The sooner we 
begin to protest, the better. And with 
this, our protest, v/e can at least hope to 
limit the evil to some extent. 

It is just as you may have noticed, 
when there is a fire, that one may be 
forced to give up the hope of saving the 
burning house, and to limit one's efforts 
to hindering the extension of the fire and 
to saving those houses which are not yet 
burning. Let us unite our strength and 
our interests, our voices and our zeal, 
for the purpose of warning our youth 
of those dangers which they encounter 
from these secret societies. 

Evil Is Never Advertised as Evil, 

I have questioned whether or not se- 
cret societies are evil. It lies in the na- 
ture of the case that secret organiza- 



tions do not permit us to know their 
inmost character. If they were known 
to us, they would not be secret. It is 
supposed, at least, that we do not know 
them. It is supposed, therefore, that we 
do not know whether they are good or 
bad. According to their own avowals, 
naturally, they are not evil. There is no 
organization under the sun that is evil 
by its own confession. Even at this day 
there are powerful secret societies in In- 
dia whose purpose is murder, but if one 
is to put faith in their name and confes- 
sion, these organizations are not only not 
evil, but, on the contrary, are even sa- 
cred organizations, religious organiza- 
tions, organizations under the protection 
of the gods of the land. 

There is nothing in the world which 
on its own acknowledgment is evil. I 
have never yet met a person, an individ- 
ual person, who defended evil outright. 
I have never yet met an individual who 
said: *T serve Satan." I have met very 
many people who, to judge by their lives, 
serve the prince of darkness, but I have 
never met one who confessed: "1 am 
Satan's servant." Still less have I come 
into contact with an association of men 
who bore this on their shield: "We are 
the servants of falsehood, we are the 
servants of hate." No, indeed; all these 
secret societies are, of course, good so- 
cieties on their own confession. Each 
one carries on his shield some great, 
good and noble purpose. They are or- 
ganizations which promise some mate- 
rial benefit; they are organizations which 
have some patriotic aim; in short, they 
are organizations, all of which promise 
some great and noble advantage in ex- 
change for our membership. 

Beware of "Secretism." 

There is one point, nevertheless, which 
everybody must consider with regard to 
secret societies, even if we do not know 
their inmost character, and that is the 
fact that they are secret in their nature. 

I make this statement here this even- 
ing, that this is enough to stamp them 
as an evil. According to their nature 
and their name they are secret societies. 
I shall not go to any extremes in my 
opinion of this evil. I shall say nothing 
more than I think I am able to prove. 
I shall say nothing more than what each 



July, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



71 



and every one of you, my friends, I be- 
lieve, will acknowledge to be true. I 
say, then, in the first place, that because 
these organizations are secret, the better 
part of public opinion looks upon them 
as evil institutions. The public opinion 
of to-day does not tolerate that which is 
secret. There is in the modern spirit a 
demand for openness in all dealings, a 
demand that the stranger shall sign his 
own name and speak, as we say, a plain 
language; that he shall say what he 
means and mean what he says. We de- 
mand this. It is the demand of public 
opinion for fair play and square dealing. 

The opposition to trusts and monopo- 
lies lies primarily in the fact that their 
^dealings are secret. We do not grudge 
these capitalists their gain, but we object 
to the fact that their books cannot bear the 
daylight of public scrutiny. Indeed, Con- 
gress has demanded, as the only remedy, 
public inspection of their business. Pub- 
lic opinion will be satisfied with nothing 
less than this. 

We say in Sweden that one ought not 
to buy a pig tied in a sack. I wish now 
to apply this illustration to the good 
things which these secret organizations 
claim to give. They offer us material 
advantages, but we do not know their 
price until they are bought. You can 
see plainly enough that this is no sound 
business method. Surely, you would not 
care to buy a pig, to return to our illus- 
tration, on such conditions ; yO'U would 
not care to buy anything, however small 
its value, on such conditions. When you 
buy a lot, you first demand to see it; but 
when you bargain for the advantages of 
these secret societies, you pay the price 
iirst, and the benefits you receive when 
conditions are suitable, and you get them 
just as they are. I protest against this 
method from a business point of view. 
It is opposed to the better part of mod- 
ern spirit. 

Gain at the Bxpense of Our Neighbor. 

If there are benefits to be derived from 
secret organizations, it lies in the nature 
of the case to suspect that they are self- 
ish benefits. This is the very point we 
make against all trusts and monopolies, 
that they are associations who make gain 
and profit by the losses and failures of 
others. 



There is in the nobler part of the hu- 
man race a certain moral consciousness 
which demands that each individual shall 
order his life and actions in such a way 
that he does not harm or injure his 
neighbors. No one envies you your suc- 
cess in business, but public opinion im- 
peratively commands that you win suc- 
cess without encroaching upon the rights 
and privileges of others. You have no 
right to gain advantages if in gaining 
them you ruin those about you. These 
selfish interests are condemned not only 
by the Christian sense and feeling of jus- 
tice, but they are also condemned and 
denounced by the noibler instincts of 
public opinion. I repeat again that the 
very secrecy of these societies is a mat- 
ter which makes them subject to judg- 
ment before the mighty tribunal of the 
people. 

Confidence tbe Foundation of Home and 

State. 

The youth of the land finds the highest 
and best of civic interests in these two in- 
stitutions — the home and the state. We 
have no higher interest on earth than to 
look after the welfare of home and state. 
Aristotle says that the being who is not 
a citizen is either more than human or 
less than human. The creature who does 
not first of all live a social life, that crea- 
ture must be either higher than man, or 
else he must be a brute. We have no 
higher human interests than those in- 
cluded in home and state. 

I need spend no words to convince you 
that these institutions rest on a single 
foundation: confidence. No home can 
exist without absolute franKness, with- 
out perfect trust between man and wife. 
A husband bound by oath to a secret so- 
ciety, a husband who comes to his home 
with his tongue tied, with lips sealed, 
with his life full of secrets, can never be 
a good husband. He cannot be a proper 
support and help to his family as long 
as he is an unknown quantity, so to say, 
lo his home circle. Almost necessarily 
he becomes the object for suspicions. 
Such conditions can never foster a true 
home life between husband and wife, be- 
tween parents and children. 

The same thing is true with reference 
to the state. We demand, as citizens, 
that the judge, who interprets the law, 



72 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July. 1903. 



shall be free to obey his oath to the peo- 
ple. We protest that the judge, who 
holds in his hands our life and our honor, 
shall be under no oath to a strange and 
to "US unknown society of men. We pro- 
test against it, and as good citizens we 
must protest against it. We cannot in 
this serve God and Mammon. 

There can be no state possible on such 
a condition that we have a state within 
a state. We know that during the first 
centuries after Christ the Christian 
churches were persecuted by the Roman 
emperors, and if we read church history 
we will find that every impartial scholar 
is willing to excuse a part of this perse- 
cution on the ground that there was ap- 
parent cause for the suspicion that the 
Christian church was a state within the 
state, of whose nature the civic state 
knew but little, except in a superficial 
way. In this misunderstanding of the 
nature of Christianity there was an ex- 
cuse furnished to the Roman emperors 
for persecuting the early Christians.. 

It is a highly interesting fact, also, that 
it was the noblest emperors who under- 
took these persecutions, while the more 
thoughtless and frivolous, who lived only 
for their pleasures and cared nothing for 
the state, let the Christians live in peace. 

We know from history that the 
Huguenots of France were exposed to 
persecution by the Catholic state of 
France, but it was not entirely without 
some fault on their side. They had 
seized political rights until they had be- 
come a state within the state, and this 
condition can never be tolerated in a 
country which is to be ruled by law and 
justice. If there is a power ruling the 
government, if there is an association 
bound by an oath, which can force it- 
self between the law and the people, up- 
on whom these laws are to be applied, 
it will destroy confidence and weaken re- 
spect for government. 

I say in the second place that these 
secret societies, because of their very 
secrecy, are an evil before the Christian 
instinct. I shall not say that they are 
an evil before the word of God, because I 
do not wish to enter into discussion 
about mere letters and dogmas, but I 
maintain that these secret societies al- 



ready by their secrecy are stamped as 
an evil by Christian instinct. 

There are some matters which are 
harder to lose than material advantages; 
there are some matters which a Chris- 
tian . values higher than gold, silver, 
riches, physical and civil rights and priv- 
ileges, and among these matters char- 
acter is most important. What kind of 
character are we offered in these secret 
societies? We do not know. That is 
enough for me. I demand, before I eat 
the food which is placed before me, to 
have some sort of assurance that it is 
clean and wholesome. I may not be in- 
dififerent in this part, and say: "I am 
not very particular what I eat." Now, 
if I am careful to see to it, when I sit 
down to the table, that I am given pure, 
wholesome food to eat, I should be still 
more careful to know beforehand what 
companionship I am offered in these so- 
cieties; what kind of amusements I am 
offered ; what kind of religion ; what kind 
of companions; what kind of friends. 

I stand here not only as a citizen, I 
stand here to-night also as a Christian, 
and I confess, for my personal part, that 
for me there is nothing good except in 
Christ. I declare here to-night that I 
scorn anything good which is not ac- 
knowledged by Christ. I say that the 
highest civilization, culture and educa- 
tion is wrong and false if it does not bear 
the seal which makes it a Christian civ- 
ilization, a Christian culture, a Chris- 
tian education, just as every measure 
which is not up to the highest standard 
is a false measure. 

If anyone in business use a yard meas- 
ure which is shorter than the official 
measure, this is not only a misfortune, 
but also a crime. If anyone in business 
uses weights which differ by ever so little 
from the established standard, men do 
not say that it is nevertheless better than 
nothing, that it is better to get a half 
pound than to get none at all. No, in- 
deed; this is looked upon as a serious . 
crime. If anyone offers me a religion 
which lacks only a single letter of being 
Christ's religion, I say that it is a false 
religion. If anyone offers me a set of re- 
ligious principles, be they ever so beau- 
tiful, but which lack the sign and seal 
of Christ, I say that I cannot embrace 



July. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



73 



them. If I cannot join the members of 
these societies in Christ, I can have no 
intimate acquaintance with them at all. 
If I affiliate myself with a society which 
keeps silent concerning Christ, where si- 
lence is denial of Christ, then I deny my 
Savior even as Peter did, and sell Him 
even as Judas did. My friends, in this 
whole wide world there is nothing good 
without Christ. 

The Harvest Advertises tlie Sowing:. 

I could go farther and say that in spite 
of the secrecy of these secret societies, 
their nature and character are not un- 
known to us. They are known to us just 
as the harvest makes known the charac- 
ter of the sowing. If I look over a field 
covered with weeds, no one needs tell 
me what was sown there. If I see an- 
other field covered with a bending har- 
vest of wheat, no one needs to inform 
me what has been sown in that field. If 
some one should say to me as I stand 
before that nodding harvest: "Look, 
this has grown from a sowing of 
thistles," I would not believe him, nor 
would you. Many marvelous things hap- 
pen in the world, but so marvelous a 
thing has never happened, that the seed 
of the thistle produces wheat, nor does 
the wheat produce the thistle. From the 
harvest I can judge of the kind of seed 
sown, and in the same manner I can 
judge of the character of these secret so- 
cieties from their influence on the state; 
from their influence on the community; 
from the atmosphere they produce. 

I shall dwell for some little time on 
two aspects of this influence, namely, on 
the influence of secret societies on the 
school and on the church. 

Secrecy on School Life. 

There are several points which I, as 
principal of a school, have noticed. I am 
interested in young people. I love young 
people. There is nothing nearer and 
dearer to my heart than the welfare of 
young people. In our school we are 
fortunate enough not to have any secret 
societies, although other schools have 
them. But I shall tell some things that 
I have noticed. 

I have noticed even in our school an 
element favorable for the growth of se- 
cret societies. You will believe me when 
I say that this is not among the better 



class of students. There is in every 
school a class of students who consider it 
an affair of honor, so to speak, to hide 
the evil, to cover crime, to lie, and to 
hush the truth. It is just this element 
among students who are susceptible to 
the influence of the secret fraternities 
which flourish in the larger schools. 

Secrecy on Church Life, 

He who is a church member knows 
only too well that when another church 
member joins a secret society he loses a 
great part of his interest in the church. 
It is a truth which no one will deny, that 
it is impossible for a man to be at once 
a loyal member of his order and a good, 
active member of his church. I have met 
several good Christian men, who have 
deplored the fact that they were mem- 
bers of secret societies, and they have 
declared that they never attend or take 
part in lodge meetings. On this condi- 
tion only have they succeeded in being 
good, active church members. 

By these scattered thoughts I have 
tried to show my position on this great 
and vital subject. I have not said more 
than I can readily prove. I have tried 
to speak as a citizen and as a man and 
as a Christian should speak, and in so 
doing I hope that I have done my little 
share toward helping onward a great and 
noble work against that one of modern 
evils which is known as secret societies. 



FROM REV. W. FENTON, 



St. Paul, Minn., June 6, 1903. 
To the National Christian Association: 

Your district secretary in the West has 
done so little that it hardly seems to be 
worth mentioning. Up to the middle 
of May last he had taken the names of 
49 subscribers for the Cynosure, about 
one-third of which are new subscribers. 

He has not kept any account of the 
number of letters and sermons — prob- 
ably about 50. 

He has given away some tracts, and 
had many private conversations with 
people on the subject of secret socie- 
ties. 

At one or two of the conventions he 
was allowed to address the pastors and 
people in the open air at the church. 

True Christians will always be op- 



74 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July. 1903. 



posed to 'secret societies when they read 
the rituals. Yours faithfully for Christ's 
sake, W. FENTON. 



ANNIVERSARY OF THE NATIONAL 
CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



Wq are grateful to the editors of the 
religious press who have given such wide 
publicity to the recent anniversary of the 
Association by the publication of the fol- 
lowing. It is a good omen. 

There was held recently in Chicago, some 
dozen meetings in the different divisions of 
the city, at which the theme was, "Secret 
Associations." The occasion was the anni- 
versary of the National Christian Associa- 
tion Opposed to Secret Societies. 

Nearly two hundred and fifty of the pas- 
tors of Chicago are known opponents of 
lodges. They are members of various de- 
nominations, including the United Presby- 
terians, Free Methodists, Presbyterians, Bap- 
tists, Reformed Presibyterians, Methodist 
Episcopal, Lutheran, Congregationalists, 
Evangelical Association, Swedish Mission 
Covenant, Holiness, Seventh Day Baptists, 
Christadelphians, Mennonites, Geraian Bap- 
tist Brethren, Holland Reform and Friends. 

Among those taking part at these confer- 
ences were Hon. J. J. Bruce, of Iowa, a 
seceding Mason; Rev. J. P. Stoddard, of 
Boston; the presidents of three colleges, 
President Hogue of Greenville College, 
President Nyvall of North Park College, 
and President Blanchard of Wheaton Col- 
lege; Hon. J. A. Conant, Willimantic, 
Conn.; Mr. John Bradley, of Wyanett, 111.; 
Rev. W. B. Stoddard, of Washington, D. 
C, and Rev. S. R. Wallace, of Brooklyn. N. 
Y. Some of the addresses were of especial 
value, and were ordered published- by the 
Association in the Christain Cynosure of 
Chicago. 

The growth of anti-secrecy sentiment was 
seen in the vote taken in the Chicago Ave- 
nue Church. All who favored secret lodges 
were requested to rise. In an audience of 
some eight hundred, less than a dozen 
arose, but when those opposed to secret 
societies were asked to stand, nearly the 
entire audience of eight hundred stood on 
their feet. 

On the following evening (Friday) there 
were nearly as many present in the First 
M. E. Church and the interest was fully 
equal to any of the meetings in the series. 

Great interest always attaches to the Open 
Parliament held by the National Christian 
Association in connection with its annual 



meeting. Here former lodge men are given 
opportunity to testify and , an interesting 
hour, as well as profitable one, may always 
be enjoyed. It is seldom that some Chris- 
tian does not date his deliverance from 
bondage and his receiving of new life in 
Christ Jesus from this meeting. The o-cca- 
sion this year on May 14 was no exception. 
Among the audience was an evangelist who 
Avas also a chaplain of an Odd Fellows' 
lodge. His testimonj^ was very impressive 
and it reached a climax when he went for- 
ward and took the president by the hand, 
and as a token of his conversion and sep- 
aration forever from Odd Fellowship, pried 
his Odd Fellow's badge off from his watch 
chain, and handed it to the president of the 
association, to be hung on the walls of 
Zion as a trophy. 



Corporate Stembera. 



EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS 



P. F. Thurber. 

Quimby, Iowa, May 15, 1903. 
I wish that the object of the Associa- 
tion might be changed from ''Opposi- 
tion to Secret Societies" to ''teach and 
apply the teachings of the Bible and 
Constitution to Secret Societies." To 
the latter object no one could object, 
but to the former object every secretist 
will object and will fight us. 



Rev. 1). M. Sleeth. 

Lyndon, Kansas, May 11, 1903. 
The efifect upon the social and the 
church life is to cut the social body up 
into cliques and to stand as a constant 
draft upon the time and means of the 
professing Christians who ma}- be en- 
rolled in the lo4ges. 

D. M. Sleeth. 



Rev. U. H. Hinman. 

Oberlin, Ohio, April 26, 1903. 
Whatever may be our hopes or fears, 
as good soldiers of the Lord we are to 
look to our marching orders and con- 
tend earnestly for the faith once deliver- 
ed unto the saints. Trusting that the 
Lord will bless your dehberations, I am 
as I hope, your brother in Christ. 

H. H. Hinman. 



July, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN OTNOSUiRE. 



• o 



Rev. J. A. Richards. 



• Fort Scott, Kan., May 6, 1903. 
I have been confined to my home by 
sickness and much suffering, but I am 
better, and beUeve the Lord will let 
me live to labor in the glorious gospel 
as opposed to all secrecy and all sin. 

John A. Richards. 



Rev. Milton Wrischt. 

Dayton, Ohio, May 13, 1903. 
Probably the greatest hindrance to 
the success of our Association has been 
division, and sometimes conflict, of ef- 
fort on issues not the original or main 
object of the organization. In unity 
there is strength. Yours fraternally, 

Milton Wright. 



Rev. J. A.. Collina. 

Philadelphia, May 4, 1903. 
I urge upon you what Paul says, I 
Cor. 15 :58, upon your attention. We need 
to hold up one another's hands and com- 
fort one another. For the days are dark 
and threatening to sound doctrine, pure 
religion and republican principles. 

J. A. Collins. 

Rev. E. D. Bailey. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., May 14, 1903. 
The cause in which you are engaged 
only gains in importance as the years 
advance. Two systems still struggle for 
the mastery in this country, one the 
kingdom of Christ and the other the 
emanations from paganism, w^hich are 
reappearing under an infinite variety of 
forms, of which the lodge system is one. 
I trust the Lord will greatly bless your 
meeting this year and open doors for 
the enlargement of the work. 
Your brother in Christ,' 

E. D. Bailey. 
(To be continued.) 



hung it in the cherry tree, so that it 
mig"ht enjoy the bright sunshine, and a 
little later he heard a wonderfully pe- 
culiar noise, and he went out and found 
that bird cage surrounded wnth a flock 
of English sparrows, all chirping, and 
his little bird was chirping for all the 
world like a sparrow, and he was 
ashamed to see it in such company, and 
brought the cage in and hung it up, 
thinking it would again sing its sweet 
songs as in times past, but he was dis- 
appointed; that bird never sang another 
note to the day of its death. The only 
thing it could do was to chirp like a spar- 
row. "Evil communications corrupt 
good manners." 

If we step down off the plane of Chris- 
tianity unto which w^e are all called of 
God into compromising relations with 
these institutions that are made up of 
good, bad and indifferent, I tell you we 
shall suffer loss, and, like Lot in Sodom, 
we shall lose the power of our testimony 
and perhaps our souls, for Lot was only 

saved himself by the skin of his teeth. 
Extract from an Address hj President 
Hosne, Greenville College. 



These orders bring us into compro- 
mising relations. I remember very well 
a story I used to hear Mr. Mead relate, 
and he was speaking of separation from 
the world, including the lodge, and he 
said the Christian that goes in there 
is at least hindered in his religious life, 
and to illustrate he referred to Harry 
Morehouse, who had a canary that was 
said to be the sweetest singer in the 
countrv, and he took the bird out and 



I ^CHARACTER AND RESPONSIBILITY. 



Character of the Secret Societj^ System: Not 
Legitimate Self-love; Secrecy as a Princi- 
ple of Orgranization in Times of Peace and 

ftWhere Opinion is Free; Brotherhood Based 

• Upon Membership, Not on Character. Our 

!g Individual Responsibility. 



PRESIDP]NT CHARLES A. BLANCHARD. 



(A .stenographic report of IM-esideiit l'»laii(h;inrs 
.uhlress. jiiveii in the First M. E. Cluirch. ('liicjijjo, 
May lotli, 1{)0.">, on tlie occasion of the annual 
meeting of the National Christian Association.) 

I am inchned to think that the great 
reason why evil prevails in this world so 
largely as it does, is because of the fail- 
ure on the part of Christians to recog- 
nize their individual responsibilities. 

•Wf 'Man Measures Himself by Himself. 

Men are prone to go as far as those 
with wdiom they are intimately associ- 
ated will go. A man is tempted to meas- 
ure his own duty by the performance of 
his fellows, and measures his character 
by the character of his fellows. He tries 
to do about as well as others do. He 
thinks that he does ill, if he falls short of 
the average accomplishment of his fel- 



• \ 



76 



GHRISa?IAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



lows, he then recognizes himself as 
blameworthy. 

If he sacrifices as much as other men 
sacrifice he thinks he sacrifices all that 
he ought; if he sacrifices more than his 
fellows he thinks himself praiseworthy; 
and we find in political organizations, in 
churches and in homes the world around, 
men imeasuring themselves by themselves 
and comparing themselves with them- 
selves, and so failing to attain to the 
character of Jesus Christ, failing to ac- 
complish that which God would willingly 
work through them. 

The True Standard of Measure. 

I'f in place of looking at men they 
would look at Jesus ; if in place of taking 
their standards of action from their fel- 
lows, they would take them from the 
Lord: if instead of being actuated by the 
motives of their fellow men, they would 
consent to be actuated by the Spirit of 
God, freely offered to all persons who 
trust in Jesus Christ, as guide and teach- 
er, as well as comforter, how wonder- 
fully the world would brighten up ! And 
so I urge myself and you, that if we do 
nothing else here to-night, we may agree 
among ourselves, each man and each 
woman in his and her own heart, that 
we will from this night forward look 
up rather than out, will listen to the 
voice of God rather than to the voices 
of men, will consider more carefully the 
character and work of Jesus Christ, and 
less carefully the character and work 
of our fellows ; will seek to do what God 
wishes us to do, rather than what God 
has appointed some one else to do, so 
that whatever others may accomplish, 
we may not fail of the Divine appoint- 
ment as to our own lives. 

Must Settle Two Questions. 

In what way can we apply this prin- 
ciple to the matter in hand? We shall 
have, I think, two questions to settle. In 
the first place, what is the character of 
the secret society system of our coun- 
try and of the world? because though 
these secret societies are more numerous 
and more powerful in the United States 
than they are anywhere else, still the 
system does extend throaghout the 
whole world. 

Let, then, the questions for us be: 
"What is the character of these associa- 



tions?" and the character of the associa- 
tions being what it is, what does God re- 
quire of you and me as individuals, not 
as members of families, not as members 
of churches, not as members of political 
organizations, but as persons created in 
His image, redeemed by the precious 
blood of Jesus Christ, offered freely 
without money and without price, recipi- 
ents of the Holy Spirit of God, who de- 
scended upon our Lord at the fords of 
Jordan; as individuals created in the im- 
age of God, born again through the 
blood and suffering of Jesus Christ, oc- 
cupied by the Holy Spirit in a world 
which denies the law of God and which 
tramples the example of Jesus Christ 
under foot; as men and women in the 
world confronted by an organization, a 
system, such as meets us here to-night, 
what ought we to do ? 

I am satisfied that if we interest one 
man here to-night, who, aroused to this 
new and better life, shall cease to meas- 
ure himself by men, shall begin to com- 
pare himself with Jesus Christ, shall 
cease to listen to the voices of human 
organizations, shall listen to the words 
of the Holy Spirit, shall rise from the 
level of the earthly to the level of the 
heavenly, this meeting will not have been 
held in vain, for a mighty power, even 
the power of the living God, who made 
the face of the earth, who measures the 
great deep in the hollow of His hand, 
this power directs and energizes every 
man who has surrendered himself into 
God's hands. 

There is not a man here to-night, there 
is not a woman here to-night, nor is 
there a little child who may have come 
here with its father and mother, whom 
God, the Lord that made the heavens and 
the earth, does not desire to use, for 
large things, for the honor and glory 
of His name, and for the blessings of His 
people. So, then, we have the question, 
First, "What is the character of the se- 
cret society system?" and, second, "The 
character of the secret society system be- 
ing what it is, what is the duty of each 
one of us respecting it?" 

This is a large question. It is not pos- 
sible in a half hour to deal with it ex- 
tensively. I do not wish, if I can avoid 
it, to raise any question about which 



July, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



77 



there may be the slightest difference of 
opinion among those persons who are 
really Christ's, led of the Spirit. I may 
perhaps advance propositions which will 
seem to some of you extreme, possibly to 
some of you untrue, but I shall seek as 
far as I can, to get on what seems to me 
moderate ground, ground on which 
every Christian should be willing to take 
his stand, and die, if need be, for the 
truth that is working through the Word 
of God in the hearts ol men; so that no 
man who really knows Jesus Christ 
through the Holy Spirit can doubt the 
propositions upon which we shall for a 
little ti'me meditate. 

What Is the Character of the Secret Lodge 
System? 

First. Is it not a fact, men and wom- 
en, that secret societies are based dis- 
tinctly on the principle of selfishness? I 
do not say on the principle of self-inter- 
est, I do not say on the principle of self- 
love, for self-interest is just as real as 
an interest in others, and it is just as 
lawful for man to love himself — that is, 
to regard his own interest — as it is for 
him to regard the interest of his fellows. 
Did not Jesus Christ Himself say that 
man should love his neighbor as him- 
self? Thou shalt love the Lord thy God 
with all thy mind, and soul, and strength, 
and thy neighbor as thyself. He (God) 
shall have the first place and your fellows 
shall have love equally with yourself. 
*'Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." 
So I say it would be foolish and contrary 
to Scripture for us to affirm that a man 
has no right to regard his own interests. 
A man has a right to regard his own in- 
terests, he has a right to care for himself, 
it is his duty to care for himself, he has 
a right to care for his family. "If any 
provide not for his own, and specially 
for those of his own house, he hath de- 
nied the faith, and is worse than an in- 
fidel." He is worse than a man who 
makes no pretense to religion at all; he 
is worse than an infidel. 

Thus a man has interests which he not 
only may properly regard, but which he 
may not properly disregard, which it is 
his bounden duty to regard, but he is 
never permitted under the law of God 
to make these interests paramount. The 
principle of secret association, however, 



as I understand it, is this: I will not 
seek my own interests in connection with 
the interest of my fellow man, I will not 
put my good into the common good and 
be satisfied if I draw out as my fellows 
do; but I will make my own good first 
and will seek to obtain advantages over 
my fellows, by which I may be exalted at 
their expense or by their loss. 

Here is a young man in college. He 
has a certain amount of application, and 
a certain character, be the same better 
or worse. He wants to be regarded, he 
has a right to be regarded, for what he 
is, he has a right to be esteemed for 
what he actually is, he has a right to such 
honors and promotions as would legiti- 
mately come, to him he being the sort of 
man he is, and if he is contented with 
this, he will put his good in with the 
common good and draw out according 
to the estimate his fellows put upon his 
work, he will have no difficulty at all, 
no need of any secret associations. But 
suppose this situation does not please 
him; suppose that he wishes to be re- 
garded as better than he is; suppose he 
wishes honors to which he is not legiti- 
mately entitled, then do you not see that 
if he can make a secret conspiracy or 
combination with a number of his fellow 
men by which they shall discriminate in 
his favor as against the great mass of 
the student bodv outside, don't vou see 
at once that a certain advantage comes 
to him? not in the way of legitimate 
self-interest, but in the way of selfish- 
ness; not from regarding himself as oth- 
ers, but from regarding his own interest 
as paramount to the interests of oth- 
ers, from seeking for that which would 
never come to him in a fair, square di- 
vision of the honors of college life. When 
a young man in college unites in a secret 
society, accepts the badge of a secret so- 
ciety, he advertises to all persons that he 
is not willing to put his own interest in 
with that of his fellows. He says by 
that act that he puts his interests above 
theirs; that he is not willing to take the 
honors that would come to him in a le- 
gitimate division, according to the char- 
acter of his work, but that he wishes hon- 
ors that would not come to him under 
such division as this. In other words, 
he is a selfish man; he is not a benevo- 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



lent man ; he does not regard the interest 
of his fellow men as he regards his own 
interest. Of course this being true, he 
cannot love God with all his heart, be- 
cause the man who loves God with all 
his heart recognizes God as his father, 
and his fellow men as his brothers. This 
is the only principle out of which the 
love of brotherhood can grow. If one 
desires simply that to which he is entitled 
by his ability, he does not require a se- 
cret society; if he wishes something 
more, then the secret society may help 
him. 

Here is a capitalist. If he wishes 
only a legitimate profit on his invest- 
ments, and is willing that his fellow cap- 
italists should be permitted to take their 
share of the profits, based on their enter- 
prise, their industry, the work that they 
put into the business that is in hand, then 
he needs no secret society; but if a man 
desires a share of the profits which would 
not naturally come to him 'by reason of 
his investment, his enterprise, his indus- 
try, his intelligence, then a secret com- 
bination may be helpful to him. If he 
can make an agreement with a few other 
men by which each shall help the other 
as against the outside world, then he 
may get more than his share, but if he 
gets more than his share, if he wants 
more than his share, he is a selfish man, 
he is not a benevolent man, he cannot 
love God with all his heart, he cannot 
love his fellow men as himself, for if he 
did, he would regard their interest as he 
regards his own; and when any roan de- 
sires to rise by standing on his fellow 
men, he has not the spirit of Jesus 
Christ; he has the spirit of the enemy 
of God and of the enemy of man. (Ap- 
plause.) 

You may go rig-ht through with the 
whole list. It is immaterial where you 
strike. Take any one of the secret or- 
ganizations which are flooding this city 
to-night, and every one of them is based 
on this principle : I want, and if possible 
I will get, not that which will come to 
me in a fair division with my fellow 
men, but I want, and if possible I will 
get, something more, than my fair share, 
and I will get it by a secret combination, 
with certain of my fellow men, that will 
help me; I will agree to help them if 



they will help me, each of us will take 
more than legitimately -belongs to him of 
the good things of life, as determined by 
his contribution to the general welfare, 
by the character which as a man he pos- 
sesses. 

Secrecy as a Principle of Orsanizati«n. 

Now, there is another principle in se- 
cret association of which I wish to speak 
just a moment, and of which I am anx- 
ious to speak very plainly, because I find 
myself not perfectly in accord wdth my 
brothers in regard to this matter. 

I hear every now and again some gen- 
tleman say: "There is no abjection to 
secrecy as a principle of organization ; 
it is quite right, if the purpose you have 
in view is right; the end being good, 
there is no objection to this as a means 
of attaining it." 

The question is, not whether the so- 
ciety is secret or not, but whether a so- 
ciety by secrecy seeks for some legitimate 
object. If the society has a legtimate ob- 
ject, the secrecy is no objection, and 
ought not to be mentioned as a ground 
of condemnation. 

Now, I hold that it is wholly impos- 
sible in a time of -peace and in a coun- 
try where men are free, for any organi- 
zation to rightfully adopt the principle 
of secrecy. And when the principle of 
secrecy is adopted, that organization, no 
matter what its purpose, opens the gate 
to every infamy and crime which has 
ever blackened the history of the human 
race, which has ever been condemned by 
the Word of God. (Applause.) 

I do not discuss the question whether 
or not war is right. If we admit war, we 
must admit secrecy, because it is essen- 
tial to the successful carrying forward of 
military plans. 

I do not discuss the right of revolu- 
tion; I hold to the right of revolution, 
and when any government becomes so 
oppressive that the woes of the govern- 
ment are worse than the woes of an- 
archy, then I hold that it is right for 
men like these gathered here to-night to 
meet in some place, free from observers, 
and lift their hands to the stars and 
swear that they will be free or die. So I 
hold that in times when war prevails, the 
principle of the secret association may 
be just, but I hold further that in a time 



July. iiH)3. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



19 



of peace, and in a land where opinion is 
free, secrecy is not needed, and in actual 
working harms, no matter how innocent 
may be the motives which led men to 
adopt it. 

Take this city at the present time. Sup- 
pose one hundred men of you desire to 
promote the cause of temperance. You 
look over the city and see these six 
thousand whisky shops and the awful 
wreck and ruin that lies on the path in 
which they march. You say. We ought 
to do something against these liquor 
shops; we ought to do something to save 
these drunkards; wt ought to do some- 
thing to lighten the burdens that fall on 
the shoulders of these wives; to comfort 
the hearts of these children; to put 
clothes on their backs and food in their 
mouths, and hope in their hearts, and 
light into their faces. This is quite true 
and right. But you gather together and 
make provision so that no persons shall 
come into. the room except by your will, 
and then you pledge yourselves to con- 
ceal from the outside world the things 
that are said and done in this meeting 
wdiich you have called together for the 
promotion of temperance. You let no 
man come into the meetings which are 
held who will not obligate himself to con- 
ceal from the outer world the things 
which you do. Your motive I suppose 
to be perfectly legitimate. It is to do 
away with the evil of intemperance. Your 
mode of organization is secrecy; that is, 
you say we will endeavor to promote the 
cause of temperance by way of a lodge. 
If the principle of secrecy is a righteous 
principle, that organization will work out 
good; if not, harm. 

The Christian Principle of Orsanizatian. 

If we turn to the Word of God we 
shall find instantly that it does not seem 
to have occurred to our Lord Jesus, or 
any of the apostles, or any of the early 
preachers, that secrecy would be a help- 
ful thing as a mode of organization to 
improve mankind. The Lord Jesus, in 
place of teaching men to work in the 
dark, seems to insist that men should 
work in the light, and declared that men 
who worked in the dark were evil. "This 
is the condemnation, that light is come 
into the world, and men do not love the 
light.'' They love the darkness, and they 



will not come to the light, lest their deeds 
may be reproved. The one who thinks 
evil loves darkness because his deeds are 
not what they should be. This seems to 
be the teaching of Jesus Christ, even in 
that hour when the shadow of the cross 
was lying heavy on his soul, when the 
very sweat of His body was like drops 
of blood, and when out from the heart, 
which never moaned from the load which 
came to Him as the Savior of mankind, 
broke those awful cries of the garden, 
"My God! if it 'be possible, let this cup 
pass from me; nevertheless not my will 
but Thine be done." You will remembei- 
that then they questioned Him in re- 
gard to His disciples and His teaching, 
and this was His reply: 'T have done 
my work in the open absolutely. I 
taught in the synagogue and in the tem- 
ple where the Jews are always resorting. 
In secret I have said nothing." He 
charged His disciples, saying to them: 
'Tf I have spoken to you words in the 
privacy of personal conversation, stand 
on the housetops and shout them in the 
ears of all who will listen." 

If this principle which Jesus Christ 
laid down is the principle upon w^hich 
to organize, if that principle is the true 
one, then this body of people who come 
together with the 'best motives in the 
world, desiring to promote the cause of 
temperance, but adopting the mode of 
secrecy as a means of advancing that 
cause, these people have made a mistake, 
and out of that organization which they 
have made for good will come evil. 

I have no time to-night to give you 
instances in which these organizations 
for the promotion of temperance have 
led to terrible evils. I will mention a 
single one. Many years ago in the city 
of Vineland, New Jersey, I was arguing 
with the people that the principle of se- 
cret organization was not a helpful prin- 
ciple, that the church and prayer meet- 
ing furnished the model by which all or- 
ganizations designed to benefit men 
should proceed. In that town at that 
time there was a GooM Templars' lodge, 
and in that Good Templars' lodge was a 
young lady who was right- or left-hand 
supporter of the Worthy Chief Templar. 
She was very angry at some remarks I 
made, and declared that I ought to be 



80 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1908. 



hung, and 'that every man who had any- 
thing to do with bringing me there ought 
to swing alongside of me. In less than 
twelve months that woman went into 
court and swore that the father of her 
child, she being an unmarried woman, 
was the man that sat by her side in the 
lodge, he being a married man. I am 
not saying that this might not have oc- 
curred anywhere, but I am saying that 
the very fact that he and she were mem- 
bers of a secret order, behind doors 
which were guarded, saluting one anoth- 
er as brother and sister, with an agree- 
ment that the work should be hidden, 
that under these circumstances came the 
temptation and the awful sorrow that 
darkened the life of that young girl. 

Take another example. I think if 
there is anything in the world which 
commends itself to an honest mind, it is 
the desire of a laboring man in our day, 
when capital seems oftentimes so hard, 
to get a decent wage and a little time at 
home with his wife and children. I hold 
that the combinations of laboring men 
are not only right, but are obligatory; 
that laboring men ought to combine, but 
when laboring men unite, how should 
they combine? As Christian men under 
the law of God. They ought not to say 
anything, or do anything in their organ- 
ization, which they would hesitate to let 
the whole world know, and if they organ- 
ize for their own help, as they legitimate- 
ly may, under the cover of secrecy evil 
may come in. 

Take a single instance. We cannot 
spend time for more. Let it be the An- 
cient Order of Hibernians. I defy any 
man to attack the principles of that order 
and show that its avowed purposes are 
not legitimate and worthy. That was an 
organization of poor men for mutual as- 
sistance, and every Christian man admits 
the right of organization for that pur- 
pose. But they were unfortunate in this 
regard — they organized under the cover 
of secrecy, and when this organization 
was grappling with the difficulties of the 
situation in Pennsylvania, the men in 
these lodges began to talk over ways in 
^'hich they might overcome those who 
were oppressing them, and they fell upon 
the idea of murder. They said, If we 
could kill this manager, if we could kill 



that man, if we could kill this one, things 
would be better, and they began to kill, 
and murders were matters of almost 
daily occurrence, so that iby and by the 
State of Pennsylvania came to be in an 
uproar. No man knew but that he would 
be found next morning with a bullet 
through his heart, or a knife in his back. 
The State of Pennsylvania was com- 
pelled to gather together detectives 
enough to hound down these men who 
were leaving these bloody corpses in the 
fence corners and hy the roadside up 
and down her beautiful valleys, and be- 
fore she got through with that work she 
hung twenty-two men, members of that 
secret order, which had a legitimate pur- 
pose. They had a right to seek and de- 
sire the relief, but they had no right to 
seek it by the means of secret combina- 
tions. (Applause.) 

Let me state it once more, that it may 
be clear in your minds. Secret societies 
are, in the first place, based upon the 
principle, not of legitimate self-love, but 
of selfishness ; not on the principle that a 
man may love and care for himself and 
his own, as he cares for other people and 
their friends, but that he has a right 
to put himself first and care for himself 
above others; and, in the second place, 
secret societies have adopted as a prin- 
ciple of organization in a time of peace, 
in a time when the country is free, the 
principle of secret association. No mat- 
ter what the professed objects are, no 
matter what the real objects are, that evil 
principle will gradually demoralize it, 
and make men who are innocent of any 
intentional wrong, criminals and aiders 
and abettors of criminals, unless they free 
themselves from the organization which 
swears them to secrecy. 

In the third place, I -wish to call your 
attention to a fact which is also obvious, 
and I take it for granted that we are not 
differing at all in regard to these mat- 
ters as we go along. I comfort myself 
with the thought that every man and 
woman in this house recognizes the prin- 
ciple that secret associations, being 
founded upon selfishness, are thereby 
wrong, that secret associations under cir- 
cumstances when secrec}^ is not neces- 
sary only lead to evil, and therefore 
ought to become open. If all of this au- 



July, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN GYNOSURE. 



81 



dience were mem'bers of lodges, I should 
hope the Holy Spirit might move each 
one to see the importance of the truth, 
and to say to himself: "That is true; my 
organization is selfish, and I ought to be 
unselfish; my organization ought to be 
open, and it is secret, and unless I can 
change my organization then I will 
change my place. I will not stay in an 
organization which is evil for any reason 
whatsoever." (Applause.) 

Lodsre Fraternity Based ou Membership, 
Not Character. 

There is another point, which it seems 
to me is equally obvious, and that is this : 
Secret associations are based distinctly 
on the principle that fraternity is deter- 
mined by membership, and not by char- 
acter, while the principle of the Bible, the 
principle of the religion of Jesus Christ, 
is that fraternity rests upon character, 
and does not depend upon simple associ- 
ation. This idea is clearly set forth in 
the teachings of the Holy Spirit. As long 
as one man is a Christian and another 
man is not a Christian, what fellowship 
can there be between the men? One is 
born of God, the other is a child of Satan. 
One is on the road to heaven, the other 
man is on the road to hell. One loves 
God supremely, and his neighbor as him- 
self; the other loves himself supremely, 
and does not care for God or his neigh- 
bor. Now, what sort of fellowship can 
there be between these two sorts of men? 
The Holy Spirit asks: ''What concord 
hath Christ with Belial, or what part hath 
he that believeth with an infidel?" 

The Holy Spirit says: "Be not un- 
equally yoked together with unbelievers, 
for what fellowship hath righteousness 
with unrighteousness? And what com- 
munion hath light with darkness?" What 
fellowship has this man of God with this 
man who doesn't want to belong to God, 
who does not care for God? He does not 
find pardon, and yet you know that the 
principle of secret association universal- 
ly is this: Any man who will pay his 
money, make application and pass 
through the initiation may be a member 
of these organizations. I do not mean 
to say that these are the only conditions. 
Of course, if he is crippled he may not 
come in. He has got to have feet and 
hands, and eyes; he must be a well man; 



he must have enough to pay, and so on ; 
but in general, any man, irrespective of 
character, may go into these organiza- 
tions if he will pay his money, make the 
application and pass through the in- 
itiatory ceremonies. In our day, such is 
the mad rush for members, on the part, 
especially, of these insurance orders, that 
they will take a man in without his pass- 
ing any initiation at all. A member of 
the Woodmen said to our secretary, Mr. 
Phillips: 'T can make you a Woodman 
right here by the side of the street. You 
are a Woodman when you take the obli- 
gation, and are entitled to the rights and 
privileges of this organization." What 
does this mean? It means that they are 
crazy for members and money, that pret- 
ty soon the house is to topple down, and 
they want to gather in as much as they 
can before the fall comes. 

I know most of the lodges profess to 
require men to believe in God, but what 
kind of faith has a man in God if he does 
not believe in Jesus Christ? When the 
French lodges protested to the Grand 
Orient of Paris that they did not wish 
to 'be made hypocrites by saying they be- 
lieved in God when they did not, the 
Grand Master said: "The use of the 
word God is purely conventional. You 
may define that word in any way you 
please. If you choose to call God mere- 
ly a force, you can still be good members 
of the lodge." 

But, further, these organizations unite 
good and bad men in close and frater^ 
nal fellowship. That is not only contrary 
to the teachings of the Holy Spirit, but 
to all reason and common sense. Any 
man knows that if you put good and bad 
men together in an organization one set 
of men will change in character. I heard 
a man say the other day that if you were 
to take a sound apple and place it in the 
middle of a barrel of rotten ones the 
sound one would not make the rotten 
ones sound, but the rotten ones would 
decay the sound one. On the other hand, 
if you were to place a rotten apple in the 
middle of a barrel of sound ones, the one 
rotten one would contaminate all the oth- 
ers. So we find ofttimes that one bad 
man in a secret order will corrupt the 
good men. I have been told by persons 
who have united with some secret oroan- 



p 






82 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



ization, I believe with an honest desire 
to benefit their fellows, I have been told 
by them, over and over again, that thing 
was a flat failure; we cannot help men in 
our lodge. We must either be dragged 
down ourselves or get out. 

How Is Jesus Christ Treated— The Test. 

Now, friends, one thing more I would 
like to say to-night, and that is this: 
When you co^me right down to the heart 
of things, every man's character, and the 
character of every organization, will be 
determined by one test, viz. : How does 
this man look upon Jesus Christ? How 
does this organization treat Jesus Christ? 
Jesus says there in John, that He is the 
''way, the truth and the life," and that it 
is absolutely impossible for a man to *^ 
come to God unless he will come by 
Him. That is what Jesus says. If there 
is a man in the house to-night who wants 
to receive pardon from God, who wants 
to receive purity from God, who wants 
to receive wisdom from God, who wants 
to receive power from God, he has got 
to come to him through Jesus Christ, 
and if he is not willing to come to Him 
through Jesus Christ he can never reach 
Him at all. That is what Jesus Himself 
says, and anyone who says to the con- 
trary makes Jesus Christ, the Son of 
God, a liar. 

Now, the whole system of secret or- 
ganizations is based upon this general 
principle: We will gather men of all 
religious faiths, men of all religions 
which teach a hope of immortality, men 
of all religious faiths which recognize in 
some way or other the effect of sin and* 
the nature of holiness, men of all relig- 
ious faiths which recognize the great cry 
of the human soul for rest in heaven 
when the labors and struggles of life are 
ended. 

There is not, 1 suppose, a person here 
to-night who does not understand this 
principle which I have stated. All men 
believe in God in some way. The heavens 
declare His glory, and the firmament 
shows His handiwork. Every man in 
the silence of his own heart knows that 
he has sinned, and, worse than that, that 
he is a sinner. I mean to say, worse than 
one who has simply done wrong, he is 
one who has a tendency to do wrong. It is 
a thousand times worse to have a tend- 



ency to evil than to have committed one 
or ten evil things, for this tendency is 
like a fountain, it is like gravitation; it 
works out evil, and every man in his 
own heart knows that he has this tend- 
ency. He also knows that he has some- 
times actually done what is wrong, and 
always in the human heart this con- 
sciousness of sin and this con- 
sciousness of sinfulness awakens the fear 
of judgment. In the silence of man's 
heart he raises again and again the ques- 
tion that the Man of Uz asked years and 
years ago: ''How is it possible for a 
man to be just with God?" 

But men are not only conscious of sin 
and sinfulness; they are also conscious 
of weakness. The rheumatism catches a 
man in his shoulder, his eyes get a little 
dim, so that he has to put on glasses in 
order to read, he occasionally has a sharp 
throbbing pain running through the 
right or left leg, he gets so he walks 
slower than he used to walk, he sees men 
and women dropping out of the race of 
life; he goes into a place where he has 
not been for a year, and he misses some 
one, and says, where are they? And peo- 
ple say, they are dead; and he knows that 
somewhere there stands a hearse which 
will take him to his grave, and this sense 
of weakness, this knowledge of the tran- 
sient character of his earthly life, like the 
consciousness of sin and sinfulness, lead 
man to cry out for God, and, as he says: 
"How can a man be just with God?" So 
from time to time he says: . "If a man 
die, will he live again?" Man desires an 
answer to these questions, not simply in 
Christian lands. In every land under 
heaven they are asked by the hearts of 
men. All over the world to-night men 
are raising them. Some of you may have 
been burdened and perplexed by them 
as you walked down to this meeting to- 
night. 

Now, what is the solution of these 
questions? How are they to be an-, 
swered? Jesus Christ says, through 
Him. "Come to me," "I am the way, the 
truth, and I am the life.". "I will give to 
you wisdom and righteousness and sanc- 
tification and redemption." "Look unto 
me all ye ends of the earth, and be ye 
saved." "As I live, saith the Lord, I 
take no pleasure in the death of man, I 



July, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



want him to turn from his evil way and 
live." Any organization that neglects 
that only way of salvation is a demon or- 
ganization. It will make men demons. 
It will send men to live with demons. 

If I am talking to a man to-night who 
belongs to a secret association, let me say 
to you, my brother, the principle of se- 
cret associations is this: It is possible 
for you to get to God without Jesus 
Christ; it is possible for you to earn sal- 
vation by things that you do; it is pos- 
sible for you to die in hope and by and 
by go to heaven without ever seeing the 
reconciled face of God in the loving face 
of Jesus Christ. And as sure as the 
Word of God is true, and God Himself 
sits upon the throne of the universe, a 
man that believes that thing is a ruined 
man ; unless he changes, he is a lost man 
for time and for eternity. 

Oh, friends, I must not linger. The 
fact that secret organizations are selfish, 
and the fact that they are secret, and the 
fact. that they yoke good men and evil 
men in fellowships which God has for- 
bidden, and the fact that they turn their 
backs on Jesus Christ, the only Savior 
of man, these are sufficient, if there were 
no other — and these are admitted prac- 
tically by the men who make the organi- 
zations ; I do not come here to-night to 
speak of the testimony of people who 
hate them, but from the unquestioned 
facts regarding them, and these facts 
alone are enough to condemn the whole 
secret system, for every man and woman 
in the world. 

Individual Resp*nsibility. 

A single moment on the second cjues- 
tion I submitted to you. What ought we 
to do if secret associations are evil? Let 
me return to the first thought of the 
evening; it is essential for every man to 
look upon himself as individually respon- 
sible before God. What is the reason 
that the liquor shops live in Chicago? 
Why, simply that thousands and tens of 
thousands of good men and women say, 
if the rest of the good men and women 
would stand with us we would wipe them 
out, but they will not, and so we will 
have to let them live. Here are six thou- 
sand whisky shops in the city of Chica- 
go, causing one hundred murders every 
3^ear. sending thousands of men to the 



Bridewell, sending thousands of boys to 
the correction homes, thousands of girls 
to lives of shame on the streets. 

These six thousand whisky shops are 
doing work that you would think would 
make even the devil in hell ashamed; 
and they are doing it with the political 
consent of the ministers and Christian 
workers of this city. Everybody knows 
that is true. Is it because the ministers 
want these whisky shops to do this work? 
They do not. Why is it? Because each 
minister says: 'T will have to act prac- 
ticallv alone, and therefore I will not act 
at all" 

The Christian men who own the great 
stores say, if only all other Christian 
men would go with me we would band 
together and wipe this thing from our 
city, and we would make the streets safe 
for our boys and girls, and send men 
home at the end of the week with money 
to gladden the heart of wife and chil- 
dren, instead of to dens of infamy to 
spend their substance for that which is 
not bread. If the rest would help we 
would help, but we would have to act 
alone, and therefore we will do nothing. 
And so this great evil goes on, and thou- 
sands of homes are shattered and ruined 
year by year because men will not act 
as individuals, and follow the convictions 
which God has breathed into their 
hearts, which they themselves know they 
ought to act upon. So we should pray 
regarding this great neglect, respecting 
every neglect, that God would help this 
one and that one, each man, each woman 
to say: "I am not all, but I am one; I 
cannot do everything, but I can do some- 
thing; w^hat I can do, I ought to do, and 
what I ought to do' God helping me. I 
W'ill do. I will so act that when I go up 
to judgment before the great white 
throne on which my Savior sits, who 
stretched out his hands on the cross for 
me and for my sins, I may be able to 
look into the face of every ruined man 
and every ruined woman and say, 'Oh, 
my Savior, you know that I am innocent 
from the blood of these people; their 
blood is not found on my hands.' " 

Just as soon as the men and women 
that are here in this room will make that 
resolve and say, as individuals, "we will 
do right," as an individual, *T will do 



84 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 190B. 



right, I will keep myself clean from sin 
and I will be a true witness against sin, 
kindly, patiently, lovingly, continually, 
I will utter my testimony," then we shall 
get on. Let each young man here to- 
night say to his friends, "keep out of 
that lodge," and each young woman say 
to her friends, "keep out of these 
lodges." 

The church wants you, Jesus Christ 
wants you, the prayer meeting wants 
you, humanity wants you, God wants 
you ; come along now and freely, openly, 
always give 3^ourself to the service of 
God in His church, and have no fellow- 
ship with the unfruitful works ,of dark- 
ness. If all the people in this house 
would do a work like that, so that every 
pulpit should sound the Bible warning 
and every prayer meting should echo 
back the voice and every heart should 
send up its petitions for the safety of 
man, and, as he walked along the street, 
every one should pray for his brother's 
safety, this city would be shaken as by an 
earthquake; these organizations, all evils, 
would fly away; we should see heaven 
before we expected it, we should witness 
the wonderful triumph which Jesus 
Christ has predicted for the church and 
for each Christian heart. 

The Lord bless you, men and women, 
and stir you up to such work as you 
have never done, and if I speak to man 
or woman who is the bond-slave of any 
secret lodge, let me urge you, my broth- 
er, claim the opportunity which is, yours 
by right, divine right, hold to the ex- 
ceeding great and >precious promises" 
which are set before you in the Gospel, 
and refuse to be longer entangled in. the 
yoke of bondage. 

I remember the great Gustavus, who 
with our fathers died on the fields of 
Lutzen, and I pray that the descendants 
of that snow king may join hands with 
us of Saxon parentage to form one great 
race in the Kingdom of God, and that we 
may see such triumphs and victories over 
evil as even the most reckless of op- 
timists would deem impossible. 

God is greater than our hopes. God 
is greater than our fears. God is greater 
than our weakness, and He will give us 
viciory if we give ourselves to Him. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 



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ensuing year 



tDitorial, 



Every third man is said to be wearing' 
some lodge badge. Secret society pins 
are so numerous that one is reminded of 
the couplet on a certain dog-collar : 
"Bow-wow-wow ; whose dog are you ? 
I'm Billy Bishop's, whose dog are you? 
Glad to meet you ; how do you do ?" 



MASONIC CHARITY AND BENEVO- 
LENCE. 



[A true story.— Editor.] 

Mr. and family lived for a tin^ 

near : — , Iowa. He was such a 

drunkard, that it was a blessing to his 
wife and children when he left them 
and lived in Keokuk, Iowa. His wiie 
was an invalid, and was cared for by 
the children as best they could. Mr. 

did not contribute a single cent to 

the support of his family. He died in 
Keokuk. By his bed was a half bot- 
tle of whisky, which he was unable to 
drink. The Masons took charge of the 

body, and shipped it to , where 

they had a Masonic funeral, and buried 
him as one in good standing in the 
Order, sending his soiil to the Grand 
Lodge above. After it was all over the 
Masonic lodge sent a bill for funeral ex- 
penses to the poor, bed-ridden widow. 



July. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



85 



FACTS AND THEORY. 



It is well to have theories, but if they are 
to be of real value they must be substan- 
tiated by facts. It is easy to start with the 
theorj" that fraternal insurance is wrong and 
unsound financially and from this theory 
■demonstrate that it must be short lived and 
that the man who invests in that kind of 
insurance, unless he dies early, is bound to 
find that he has paid his money where there 
will be no returns for himself or his family. 

The various fraternal insurance orders 
liave a membership of over four million, and 
it does Jiot seem reasonable to suppose that 
this number of American citizens are fol- 
lowing a will-o'-the-wisp. 

In dealing with insurance it should be 
l>orne in mind that the actual cost of a giv- 
en amount of insurance is the same, no 
matter in what manner the payments are 
made and the method of insurance. Any 
company, to be on a sound basis, must col- 
lect from its policy holders a sufficient sum 
to pay this actual cost as determined by 
experience tables. While the actual cost 
is invariable, the cost to the insurer differs 
according to the sum which is added to this 
cost for doing business. 

I have before me the records for 1902 for 
154 fraternal and 68 old line companies; 
from these records I gather the following 
facts: 

The death rate in both is about the same, 
with a slight difference in favor of the fra- 
ternals. The number of lapses are about 
the same, the fraternals having a slightly 
larger per cent. When we come to the 
expense account we see a big difference. 
Of the total receipts of the fraternals eleven 
per cent went for managing expenses and 
for propagation. While the old line com- 
panies used eighteen per cent from the re- 
ceipts from all sources for the managing 
expenses. The old line companies pay on 
an average fifty per cent of the premium on 
each new policy and seven per cent on re- 
newals to the agent. This expense in the 
fraternals is largely eliminated, for the lodge 
does the work of the agent without pay. 

In the report of the Commissioner of In- 
surance for Minnesota, the forty-two old line 
companies there reporting took twenty-eight 
per cent of the premium receipts for man- 
aging expenses. 

It can thus be seen w'hy equally as good 
protection can be had for less money in the 
fraternals. 

As to the stability of the two kinds of in- 
surance, we have the following facts. In 
England the Ancient Order of Foresters, 
founded in 1790, and the Manchester Unity 



I. O. O. F., founded in 1812, each have a 
preselit membership of over 500,000, and 
both are on a sound financial basis. In 
this country the A. O. U. W., the oldest fra- 
ternal, is stronger financially to-day than 
ever before. 

It is true that a few fraternals have ceased 
to be, but I have before me a list of seventy- 
eight old line companies that have failed 
in the last thirty-five years. It is true that 
some of these re-insured their risks in other 
companies, but in many the policy holders 
received practically nothing for the money 
they had paid in. We often hear it said 
that as the fraternals grow older the number 
of failures will increase; but we notice that 
the age of the failures in both the old line 
and the fraternals is less than twenty years. 

These are the facts of the case taken from 
records. Both kinds of insurance have 
proved to be in the main good; the cost to 
the policy holder is greater in the old line, 
the number of failures more; each has its 
legitimate field. 

(Rev.) Geo. Alfred Wickwire. 

Larchwood, Iowa. 



FACTS AGAINST THEORIES. 



We welcome Bro. Wickwire to fellow- 
ship in study which does not always reach 
quick solutions. He finds in a thirty-five- 
year period seventy-eight old-line retire- 
ments. Half that number of assessment 
societies retired in the last year alone. To 
offset those forty, old-line showed none. 
We are aware of no old line mutual of 
well recognized standing that has retired 
in the last half of the thirty-five-year 
period, or the last eighteen years. In 
eighteen included years, however, 1,720 
assessment societies and orders disap- 
peared. In four of those eighteen, the 
average rate was 100. An average of less 
than two and a quarter is indicated for 
old line in the thirty-five-year period. 

Light on a "theory" of ''equally good 
protection," is thrown by such facts as 
no old line retirement in the nearest 
year, against half as many assessment in 
that one year as of old line in thirty-five: 
seventy-eight old line against 1,720 as- 
sessment in half the same period ; about 
two and a quarter a year, in a period 
reaching back toward a time for which 
perhaps current old line methods can 
hardly be held responsible, against 100 
a year in some recent years. Hundreds 
of thousands have found themselves left 



S(; 



OHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July. 1903. 



out from under cover of protection \yhich 
has not proved ''equally good." 

To show general stability, our corre- 
spondent cites one American order sur- 
viving thousands of its imitators. Lately, 
this company convened the Fraternal 
Congress to see what could be done to 
rescue fraternal insurance and regulate 
the system. Recently, also, it has trans- 
formed its own method, abandoning uni- 
form assessment and experimenting with 
step rate. It has also raised its cost rate, 
especially on that class of long adhering 
patrons for whom old line would already 
have lowered premiums. Its percentage 
of added cost is enormous. In some 
sense it may seem "financially stronger." 

Bro. Wickwire forgets important 
''facts," when he formulates a "theory" 
of cost "according to" relative expense 
rate. It is partly but not wholly so ; 
for even old line companies cannot by so 
simple means fully compare among them- 
selves. Expense rates count with other 
factors, as, for instance, interest. "Facts" 
of experience alone, would disprove this 
"theory." 

The other theory that large patronage 
indicates soundness of method, is dis- 
counted by facts. Old line methods can- 
not be so compared with each other. We 
need only cite Tontine. Few patrons 
study insurance, and we doubt whether 
half read the contract before signing the 
application. One thing is certain : a mul- 
titude of "American citizens" did belong 
to those 1,720 societies and orders that 
disappeared, and to a good many others 
that perished like them. 

Fraternalism finds an eminent cham- 
pion in Prof. B. H. Meyer, of the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, who, besides his 
chapter in the volume on Social Substi- 
tutes for the Saloon, has written ably on 
fraternal matters in the American Jour- 
nal of Sociology, and on Fraternal Insur- 
ance in the Annals of the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science ; 
yet he is fain to admit that, "Excepting 
paper money crazes, history probably af- 
fords no parallel to the blind and persist- 
ent adherence which so many people in 
all parts of the United States have shown 
to hopelessly unsound schemes of frater- 
nal insurance." 

Though cherishing hopes that the Fra- 



ternal Congress will ultimately reduce 
recognized evils, he yet allows, that, "Not 
until the accumulated experience of fra- 
ternal societies has been scientifically for- 
mulated and applied to their financial op- 
erations, can fraternal insurance be said 
to have reached the dignity of an eco- 
nomic institution." 

Our position continues to be, that it is 
better to avoid experimenting with a 
risky system, while it offers, not ampler 
advantages but more meagre than regu- 
lar insurance which attained the dignity 
of an economic institution at least a quar- 
ter of a century ago. 



PARTAKERS OF OTHER MEN'S SINS. 



Referring to an anti-secret meeting- 
held in Boston, Mr. G. W. Eastly asked 
in the Boston Post the following natural 
question : "Would any of the esteemed 
gentlemen dare to say that nearly all of 
our most prominent men of to-day, 
and for years back, have been lead- 
ing idolatrous lives ?" Perhaps they 
could hardly say in truth that nearly all 
such men had been leading Masonic lives. 
But whoever and whatever in other re- 
lations Masons may be, one concession 
applies to almost all ; they probably do 
not perceive the Masonic type of religion 
at the time of initiation. It may also be 
hoped that multitudes do not sink fully 
into the deeper life of Freemasonry 
afterward. Still, human nature cannot 
elsewhere be partly entangled, yet wholly 
disentangled. 

This, at least, remains true : whatever 
some initiates* may be, or some scrupu- 
lous members may succeed in continuing 
to be, Masonry itself is a cult, and one 
not lacking devotees. Its claim is, that, 
within this cult, are affiliated and pecu- 
liarly bound together. Masons of every 
clime. The whole system being one solid 
thing and all composing it one solid hom- 
ogeneous body, one law, one life, one ele- 
ment embraces all, and that one a cult, 
and that cult sun-worship, and sun-wor- 
ship pagan. 

However personally reserved, there- 
fore, a Mason can hardly escape being 
partaken of other men's sins. The ques- 
tion is not whether he is "prominent" 
in a country not itself pagan, or wheth- 



July/-! IK 13. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



87 



er he is otherv/ise intelligent, but, 
rather, whether he is intelUgently and 
heartilv affiHated in a cult, within whose 
order a pagan is not only an equally elig- 
ible but also the more natural chaplain. 
To such a chaplain he cannot be at once 
brother and not brother; with him he 
cannot both worship and not worship. 
If Masonry is, in form and philosophy, 
a cult, Masons cannot be at the same time 
members and not members. Whatever 
Masonry does, they help along ; whatever 
it teaches, they endorse; whatever it is, 
they partake in being. Some Masons 
were pagans already before joining : these 
concede nothing to Christians, Christians 
concede everything to them. At the best 
unequally yoked, they become partakers 
of other men's sins in spite of personally 
drawing back from them. 

It is admitted that no one can know 
much about Masons without recognizing, 
that, though boasting unity, they are vari- 
ously classified. This is a redeeming 
feature of the clan. Still there is a sur- 
prising moral and religious unity of aber- 
ration. Mention, in any way, sun-wor- 
ship, and if Masons are present you are 
shocked by a sense of having touched 
a live wire. Let no one venture to think 
that he standeth, when, not taking heed 
lest he fall, but bending to the yoke and 
treading the round of pagan forms, he 
affiliates, through a religious order, with 
devoted native pagans and those who 
have warmly adopted the root ideas of 
paganism. At best, he partakes in other 
men's sins ; at worst, adopts them as his 
own. 



WEAKNESS OF PURE NEGATIVISM. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES. 



The second edition of this work has 
been printed and is now on the market. 
The sale of over three thousand in three 
months speaks well for the book. Rev. 
Dr. Becker, of Dayton, Ohio, writes : 

"Many busy ministers of the gospel 
who have not had opportunity to make a 
thorough study of secret societies, will 
find in 'Modern Secret Societies' a 
quiver of choice arrows. May God bless 
this latest evangel of our cause, and 
through it save from error those who 
know, or know it not. 

**Henr\- |. Becker." 



A friend of the Cynosure contributes a 
quotation from the March number of the 
Annals of the American Academy of Po- 
litical and Social Science. In this extract, 
he finds the expression of what has, for 
some time, been a favorite notion of his 
own concerning the anti-secret reform. 
Without committing itself explicitly to 
his view, or that of the writer whom he 
quotes, the Cynosure gives place to the 
extract without further comment of any 
kind. The author quoted is Professor 
James T. Young, of the University of 
Pennsylvania, associate editor of the An- 
nals of the American Academy of Politi- 
cal and Social Science. 

"The great municipal improvements, 
which are always contemplated or in pro- 
cess of execution in a modern city, appeal 
to the popular imagination in a verv def- 
inite way. The people can appreciate a 
plan for a subway, a new gas supply, a 
new system of parks, even when they 
cannot grasp the more abstract reasoning 
against private ownership, or in favor of 
a certain method of construction. The 
regular party enjoys the strategic benefits 
of proposing a definite improvement in 
city life, while the reformer is too often 
placed in the position of a critic of the 
proposed plan. This attitude of criti- 
cism is a primary source of reform weak- 
ness and instability. While at irregular 
intervals the people may be willing to 
adopt a purely negative or destructive 
program, yet in the general run of poli- 
tics they can be courted only by positive 
proposals. There is no cause for com- 
plaint in this ; the human mind is enrap- 
tured by action, not by abstention. The 
great religions of the world, with the pos- 
sible exception of Buddhism, are essen- 
tially positive. The permanent political 
achievements of our history have been 
largely of this character ; the movements 
which resulted in Magna Charta. the par- 
liamentary constitutions, the Declaration 
of Independence and the extension of the 
suffrage, have all been proposals that 
something be done. As such they have 
appealetl to the natural love of action of 
the temperate zone peoples. Is it strange 
that the reformer, in so far as he departs 
from the jxsychological basis, should on- 



P 



88 



CHRISTIAjy GYNOSUHE. 



July, 1903. 



courage apathy? Closely allied to this 
negative tendency, and perhaps forming 
a part of it, is the fondness for denuncia- 
tion shown by those who advocate public 
honestv." 



AN ANACHRONISM. 



John L. Findlay painted Washington 
as master of the Lodge, and in 1901 gave 
his picture to the Grand Lodge of Mas- 
sachusetts. But Washington had been 
dead a century, and by his own state- 
ment had hardly seen the inside of a 
lodge since a hundred and thirty years 
before this portrait got into the Grand 
Lodge. And then, too, we have Masonic 
authority for the fact that Washington 
never attained any rank in Masonry. 
But, of course, if the Massachusetts 
Grand Lodge has a picture of him with 
a master's apron on and a gavel in his 
hand, we must take it as we are well 
accustomed to receive a good many things 
we get from Masonry. 



foxm from llie fotige. 



LANDMARKS. 



The Penalty of Removing Them. 

"He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; 
and whoso breaketh an hedge, a serpent 
shall bite him. Whoso removeth stones 
shall be hurt therewith; and he that cleav- 
eth wood shall be endangered thereby."— 
Solomon. 

Freemasonry possesses a charm for every 
member in her peculiar laws, rituals and 
ceremonies. We love them because they 
are ancient and exclusive. We all know 
that every association combining such va- 
riety of race and habits, of life and thought 
in its membership, must have well defined 
landmarks in order to avoid disintegration 
and anarchy. This feature above all oth- 
ers has saved the fraternity of Freemasonry 
from hopeless division. Those Landmarks 
are like the cornerstones of a tract, or the 
surveyors posts of charred wood, or the 
natural hedge, or the running stream, all 
laid down in our plat which marks the 
metes and bounds of Masonic life and usage. 

I^andmarks are to Masonry what the ev- 
erlasting hills are in the physical universe. 
They may greatly interfere with swift travel 



and short routes, sometimes, to a given 
point, but we find them in the end indis- 
pensably necessary in the great laws of 
nature for the preservation of the very foun- 
dation upon which we stand.— From Or- 
phans' Friend, in Texas Freemason. 

In this connection we ojffer our read- 
ers a question. Does any Masonic 
landmark, if strictly observed, require 
that many Masonic altars shall be with- 
out the Bible? Does same landmark 
require that many Masonic altars shall 
have on them heathen books, and that 
many shall bear the Koran? Does ob- 
servance of a landmark ever require the 
same oath often taken by and on the 
Bible, to be taken by the Koran or the 
Vedas and on them ? 



TULEY REFUSES AN INJUNCTION. 



Kxplains Dangrer of Policemen's Protective 
Association. • 

"Dismissed for want of equity." With 
these words Judge Tiiley to-day dealt a blow 
to the hopes of the Policemen's Protective 
Association. He refused an injunction re- 
straining Chief O'Neill and Mayor Harrison 
from removing from the force any member 
of the association. 

"In the opinion of the court the Police- 
men's Protective Association was formed to 
back up a member found guilty of wrong- 
doing with money and moral support, in or- 
der to clear him of any charges that might 
be brought against him and to defeat the 
purposes of the department which he serves. 
Nothing could be more destructive to the 
regulation and discipline of the police 
force." 

In these words Judge Tuley dismissed the 
bill. 

"What if the soldiers of this country 
should form a secret organization and should 
try one of their members, who had got into 
trouble, among themselves to see if he was 
guilty?" he asked. "And if they should con- 
clude that he was not guilty and should back 
him up with money and moral support, 
would this not cause the disintegration of 
our army?" 

We may well thank God for Judge 
Tuley's just decision in this case. Al- 
most all secret labor unions, or associa- 
tions, with coolest impudence, claim the 
right to insist on their members being 
hired, and retained, and no others, wheth- 
er their work is satisfactory or not. 



.Tilly, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



89 



"A new note was struck in reference to 
the conduct of charity bazaars this week 
in Washington, \when the Rev. Alexander 
Kent, of the People's Church, publicly re- 
buked the management of the great Ma- 
sonic fair which had been in progress here 
for several weeks.. In his published state- 
ment concerning the Masonic fair Dr. Kent 
says: 

" 'When great and influential organizations 
such as the Masonic body, composed largely 
of the legal and commercial talent of the 
country, organize great gambling enterprises 
and run them for weeks at a time, offering 
people "chances" on building lots, automo- 
biles, carriages and a host of other things 
having a value of hundreds of dollars, each 
at ten to fifteen cents a "chance," and when 
the great mass of church-going people flock 
to such places and spend thousands of dol- 
lars in efforts to secure these articles at a 
thousandth part of their value, and when 
persons disposing of them receive many 
times their cost, how is it possible to develop 
any public sentiment against gambling per 



se 



•J' 



Echo answers, how? 



IN PROHIBITION KANSAS. 



The annual average consumption of liquoi- 
per capita in the United States is sixteen 
gallons, while in prohibition Kansas it is 
less than two gallons. 

In thirty-seven counties in Kansas there 
is not a criminal case on the docket.— Bay 
State Issue. 

How the Kansas brethren of the Apple 
Tree Tavern order manage going from 
labor to refreshment is one of the Masonic 
secrets presumably not well exposed. 



HE'LL TAKE HIS TURN. 



The following self-explanatory letter 
which appeared in the Washington Post 
is well worthy of a wide reading and 
thoughtful consideration, says the Boston 
Ideas, bringing as it does into special 
prominence the question of a "Mason at 
sight," and the extension of special favors 
to noted public men ; neither of which 
are in accord with the spirit of true Ma- 
sonry : 

OFFICE OF THE GRAND MASTER OF 
MASONS IN VIRGINIA. 



spondent that "Grand Master Duke author- 
ized one of the highest officers of the lodga 
to say to General, Lee that he would make 
him a Mason at sight," contained in thi» 
morning's Post, is without foundation. 

A prominent Mason— not an officer in the 
Grand Lodge — approached the Grand Master 
and asked^if he would make General Lee a 
Mason at sight. 

The Grand Master replied promptly that 
no man could be a Mason unless he applie<l 
himself for that honor, and that he would 
not make anyone a Mason until the appli- 
cant had been balloted for in, and elected 
by, a subordinate lodge, but that it would 
give him great pleasure to grant a dispen- 
sation to have General Lee's petition acted 
upon immediately by a Richmond lodge, and 
if he was elected he would himself confer 
all the degrees at one time, when requested 
to do so. 

Out of this statement— which, it is need- 
less to say, was not made for publication— 
your correspondent's error has doubtless 
arisen. R. T. DUKE, .JR., 

Grand Master of Masons in Virginia. 
—Masonic Chronicle, August, 1898. 

A "statement without foundation" re- 
lating to Masonry and a Virginia general 
is nothing new. 



A COMMON ERROR. 



Charlottesville, Va., May 18. 1898. 
Editor Post: 
The statement of your Richmond corre- 



It is a common error into which older 
members of the fraternal societies have 
fallen that the earlier costs and the earlier 
methods ought to be maintained, and that 
they are being wronged because they are 
changed. The earlier methods and the 
earlier costs of the societies would unques- 
tionably have been maintained and strictly 
adhered to had it not been for the discovery 
that such a course would lead to the de- 
struction of such societies. Hence for the 
benefit and protection of the old members 
it was necessary that the changes should be 
made. It is a common error for them also 
to think that the expense required to main- 
tain membership ought to be the same to 
themselves as to younger members. They 
tell us that they have done the work neces- 
sary to make the order what it is. to provide 
the benefits which it is now conferring upon 
its members, and that, having done so. those 
who come in to enjoy it with them ought not 
to receive these benefits at less cost than 
themselves. The trouble here is, first, that 
the cost of maintaining membership is de- 
termined by a natural law governing mor- 
tality, and that it costs more to maintain 
membership in the higher ages than in the 
lower; another and very potent reason is 



90 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



that the young men, recognizing the above 
fact, refuse to enter into a society where 
they have to pay the same as older members, 
because they recognize that they are there- 
by carrying the protection for the older mem- 
bers in addition to paying entirely for their 
own.— The Overseer.— Copied in Legion of 
Honor Journal. « 

If such errors had not been "com- 
mon," how could insurance orders of the 
secret sort have multipHed and flour- 
ished? Why should fraternal organs 
find fault with the superstition by which 
the craft has its wealth ? 



A DISTINCTION. 



SECRET SOCIETY OR COURT— WHICH 
MUST BE OBEYED? 



"Do the obligations of a secret society take 
precedence over a witness' obligations to a 
court? The question is to be settled in Chi- 
cago before Friday, and on the decision may 
Tiang the fate of twenty-five licensed tug- 
men, formerly employed by the Great Lakes 
Towing Company. In the trial of Capt. 
Charles Roach, Grand President Charles 
McCarle, President Louis Hohman and Sec- 
retary John Hodel, of the Chicago Licensed 
Tugmen's Association, have refused to give 
the details of the association's workings be- 
cause they swore to observe secrecy when 
they became members. 

To prove that the men are in a conspiracy 
to hinder navigation the tug trust's attor- 
neys have asked the steamboat inspectors to 
order the men to answer the questions and 
produce the union records in court. 

Capt. William Harman, manager of the 
Chicago Towing Company, testified yester- 
day that the firemen and linemen's union, 
and not the licensed men, prevented his 
company towing boats contracted to the 
Great Lakes Towing Company. Cyrus Sin- 
clair, of Cleveland, general manager of the 
trust, appeared as the company's last wit- 
ness in the Roach case. In case the inspect- 
ors do not order the union's workings bared 
the defense probably will ask for a dismissal 
of the case. If this is refused the case will 
not be finished for a week." 

The above question is one of tremen- 
dous import, in a government like ours. 
It is well that it claims the attention of 
thinking men occasionally. 

About eighty years ago, in the case of 
the People of the State of New York vs. 
the Masonic Lodge, it was decided that 
the lodge oath had the precedence. But, 
"No question is ever settled until it is 
settled right." 



A circular from the Grand Lodge of Iowa 
announces some changes in its code. One of 
them provides that dancing and card play- 
ing cannot be allowed in any hall used ex- 
clusively for Masonic purposes, except by 
unanimous consent, and the objection of any 
brother shall be sufficient against such prac- 
tice. It seems to us as though this distin- 
guished grand lodge had rather dodged the 
issue by declining to forbid such acts out- 
right. It has the attitude of not wishing to 
pass upon the rightfulness or wrongfulness 
of such dancing or card playing, but of leav- 
ing the question to the wisdom of the lodge. 
If such festivities are undesirable in a lodge 
room, it would surely do no harm to set the 
seal of disapproval firmly ou them by for- 
bidding them entirely. We can. hardly press 
too strongly upon the sanctitj^ of our halls. — 
Amer. Tyler. 

Unanimous consent, which is neces- 
sary where the use of the room is re- 
quired, is unnecessary where other rooms 
are also used. The question is not wheth- 
er Masons shall dance or play cards. 



ORIGIN AND ANTIQUITY OF FREE- 
MASONRY. 



Under the above caption the leading 
article of the American Tyler for July 
15, 1901, advocated a view of early Ma- 
sonic history hardly consistent with what 
appears to have been a rather popular 
erroneous impression. A few statements 
condensed from the article may afford a 
glimpse of the view maintained: 

■'Both lodge construction and the 
mystic norm which pervades its sym- 
bolism and ceremonial, were derived and 
copied from the religious and judicial 
ceremonies of the Goths." 

''Analogies have led some to find a 
more remote origin for Masonry than is 
here given, yet it finds little support in 
actual historical facts." 

"It might be interesting to show in 
what manner the legend of Hiram Abiflf 
was stibstituted for that of Baldur, the 
beloved of Thor, but the Norsemen con- 
tributed to Masonry the name and 'ori- 
entation, oaths, dedication of the lodge, 
opening and closing colloquies, masters' 
mallet and columns, the sacred norm, the 
liglits and installation ceremonies." 

Next. 



July. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



[)1 



ADOPTIVE MASONRY NOT FREE- 
MASONRY. 



"While the fraternity have never attempt- 
ed to alter or repeal this fundamental rule 
in reg^ard to women, * * * ladie^' lodges, 
called lodges of adoption, have been long 
common on the continent of Europe; and 
in America there are certain side or honor- 
ary degrees, w^hich may be conferred on the 
wives and daughters of Masons. But Adopt- 
ed Masonry is not Freemasonry.— Keystone 
of Masonic Arch; author, C. Scott, P. G. H. 
P.: P. G. M.; K. T., etc., etc. 

Yet many ladies do wear white aprons. 



$tahm' tmlmonm. 



Rev. William Branch, Dublin, Miss., 
writes that he united with the Freema- 
sons, but found that this association was 
not agreeable to the Spirit of Christ; and 
hence he withdrew, and has separated 
himself from all secret societies. We are 
very glad to furnish him with literature 
to help him to the knowledge which he 
says he very much needs. 



Labor. Your book, "Modern Secret 
Societies," gives a correct account of 
those orders. 

If a member of the Knights of Labor 
knows that other members of the lodge 
are out to destroy property in a strike, 
he must keep silence, which is giving 
his consent, and makes him equally 
guilty. What kind of a position is that 
for a Christian to be placed in, who 
has been born from above to a living 
hope in our Lord and Savior? I think 
that as many souls are destroyed by 
these secret societies as there ever have 
been by strong drink. This is a hard 
word to say, but I believe it is true. 

J. D. Peterson. 

Courtland, Kans. 



REV. W. A. M'KENZIE, 



Mr. W. 1. Phillips. 

Dear Brother in Christ : — You will be 
pleased to know that on Sunday last 
Major Antonio Baptista da Luz, a prom- 
inent man in the army here in S. Paulo, 
confessed Christ in our congregation, 
and publicly renounced Freemasonry. 
He has been "Veneravel," which I sup- 
pose is Worthy Master in English. This 
move on the major's part is making a 
stir. Sincerely yours, 

R. J. Young. 

Largo da Liberdade, 62, S. Paulo, 
Brazil, April 13, 1903. 



Pastor M. E. Church. 

*T do not have much use for lodges 
any more. Though at one time I thought 
they were all right. I have belonged ^ 
one or two minor orders, but have sev- 
ered my connection with them. The 
lodges are a detriment to the catise of 
Christ. I don't think it right for a Chris- 
tian to belong to them, as the majority of 
their members are unbelievers, and we 
are told in the Scriptures not to be ''un- 
equally yoked together with unbeliev- 



ers. 



McGregor, Minn., April 10, 1903. 



J. D PETERSON. 

One who professes Christianity 
should flee from this modern slavery ; for 
it is just as impossible for lodge mem- 
bership to fit into true Christianity as it 
is for darkness to fit into light. 

r joined the Good Templars, suppos- 
ing it to be for a good cause ; but I think 
that satan uses it as a bait to draw peo- 
ple lower. I joined the Freemasons and 
the Oddfellows, and afterward I joined 
the Knights of Pythias and Knights of 



Jeremiah Walter has recently departed 
this life for the higher life above. He 
has been for many years identified with 
the work of the National Christian As- 
sociation. He was at one time a Freema- 
son, Odd Fellow and Granger, but came 
out of these lodges, and has been for 
many years outspoken against them. He 
was a member of the Wesleyan Church 
in Michigan, where he died, and his fu- 
neral services were conducted bv Rev. 
H. A. Dav. 



ADVERTISEMENT. 

Business Chances. — Those wishing to 
engage in business in a new town in a 
country capable of supporting a large 
town will learn something to their inter- 
est bv writing to T- B. Hazlett. Genesee, 
N. D. 



92 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



ietu0 of §nx Pori 

FROM SECRETARY STODDARD. 

Holland, Mich., June 19, 1903. 



Dear Cynosure : We are attempting an 
Anti-Secrecy Convention, something new 
for summer. The prospect is that it will 
be a success. 

Since our work in connection with the 
annual meeting we have labored largely 
in Wisconsin and Michigan. We are 
finding many friends in this State. Some 
become discouraged because there are so 
few to stem the popular tide, but there are 
others, thank God, who instead of sitting 
down and complaining that nothing much 
is being done, are doing something. 

Oh, that there was "a, Moses" to lead 
forward the forces in this important 
field ! 

Perhaps the most important gathering 
we have attended recently was that of the 
Missouri Lutheran people at Monroe, 
Mich. There we were permitted to speak 
for one hour to a body of distinguished 
persons. It was said there were present 
116 pastors, ninety or more school teach- 
ers, and delegates representing all 
churches in the Synod of Michigan. 

We expect to report a successful Con- 
vention in our next. We have many ap- 
pointments following the Convention. 
We shall still push on as God gives us 
strength and the way opens. 

W. B. Stoddard. 



Rev. R. W. Chesnut, of Marissa, 111., 
is delivering a series of anti-secret lec- 
tures in his congregation at the evening 
service for the benefit of the young peo- 
ple and any others who may attend. He 
believes that Jesus Christ not only came 
into' this world to save sinners, but also 
to destroy the works of the devil. 



A letter from Mr. Henry Miller, of 
Brookville, Ohio, says that Elder 
Quincy Leckrone has been delivering 
lectures in his locality, and that his 
labors are bearing good fruit. 'T wish 
we had many such lecturers in our 
lodge-ridden State." 



Brother Jasper J. Tucker, of Spring: 
Arbor, Mich., writes : *T am so gla3 
that God saved me from the lodge 
(Masonic) and strong drink." He is 
doing a good work, bearing personal 
testimonies, and sending the printed 
word where he cannot go. He hopes 
to have our President speak in his city 
this year. 



Rev. Wm. Fenton spent two days in 
June with the ''Lutheran Free Church" 
Conference in Minneapolis, Minn. He 
addressed the conference and distributed 
our literature. He also attended the con- 
ference of the Norwegian Lutheran 
Church at Duluth, Minn. These are true 
friends of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation. Their publishing house in Min- 
neapolis has purchased over one hun- 
dred of ''Modern Secret Societies" within 
the last two months. 



An item that was omitted from the 
June Cynosure, from our agent Rev. 
Quincy Leckrone, states that he made 
two trips in May to Canton, Ohio, where 
he .delivered two lectures. He expects 
to give more attention to our work dur- 
ing the summer. We hope that friends,, 
so far as they are going to need his ser- 
vices soon, will write him immediately at 
Glenford, Ohio. 



A striking item of interest from for- 
eign lands came in the shape of a six- 
teen-page pamphlet, five by eight inches, 
containing a reprint of several of our 
New Series Tracts. Our brother. Rev. 
W. Hazenberg, writes me that he has 
had 5,000 of these tracts printed at Cape 
Town, Africa, and distributed in South 
Africa. Pray for the workers in South 
Africa and India and Brazil. 



It is rather a sad contrast to the above 
to read in the Northwestern Christian 
Advocate of December 31st ult., an ac- 
count of the laying of the corner stone of 
Saint Andrew's Methodist Episcopal 
Church by the Masons at Rhodesia, East 
Africa. We clip the following : 

"The stone was laid with Masonic hon- 
ors on Oct. 19. The Masonic fraternity, 
accompanied by a large number of citi- 
zens, after appropriate services, marched. 



July, 11)03. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



9::; 



from the school-room of Umtali acad- 
emy, now used as a church." 

The Advocate says editorially that it 
will "add great influence in the co-opera- 
tion and development of native churches 
and schools." It is a question whether 
a church dedicated by heathen ceremo- 
nies can be of special help to Christian 
churches and schools. Such union ser- 
vices give reason for the contempt which 
some express in the title Mah-Hah-Bone 
Episcopal Church. 



On May 15th, last, our brother Rev. 
H. H. Hinman had a stroke of paralysis. 
A letter just received from him brings 
the cheerful news that he is much bet- 
ter, and able to be about and to work a 
little. His general health is much bet- 
ter. He recently read a paper before the 
Oberlin (Ohio) Ministers' meeting on 
Church versus Lodge Benevolence. 



We have just had a pleasant call from 
Evangelist Harry Hays, of Kellogg, la. 
He is one of our Iowa friends who is do- 
ing much for the cause in every place 
which he visits, and he is not without en- 
courasrement. His article in *'The Soul- 
Winner" led at least one young man 
from joining the lodge. A number who 
yielded their all to God at the altar of 
prayer in his mxCetings during the past 
year withdrew from the lodge, that they 
might have real abiding peace in their 
souls. At one place during a revival so 
many were led to withdraw from the la- 
bor union that the officers sent a commit- 
tee to visit him and his co-worker, to 
learn why it was that their preaching 
had such an effect upon lodge men. They 
were astonished at the results, and after a 
conference were enlightened as to the 
<:ause. 

Brother Hays says:. "The Holy Ghost 
will not remain in the heart of those who 
will not allow Jesus to choose their as- 
sociations, claim their time and affec- 
tion, and direct their steps in the path- 
way' of life." 



THE 

CHRISTIAN 

CO-OPERATIVK ASSOCIATlOiN 

Is a beneficiary society with three main 
objects in view: ist. A beneficiary soci- 



ety intended for Christians only. 2d. 
Ultimately to provide homes for those 
of its members who need them, thus 
forming a community peculiar to itself, 
to be free from the saloon, the gambling 
den, the dance hall, and where the secret 
lodge will be unnecessary, and 3d, the 
formation of a more complete church 
system than we now have. For Consti- 
tution, etc., send 2 ct. stamp to Dr. D. 
M. Gillespie, Pres., R. F. D. No. 5, Clay 
Center, Kan. 

Standard Works 

—ON— 

SeQfRl Societies 

F.3R SALE BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 

aai West Madison Street. Chicago. 111. 



IMPORTANT INFORMATION. 

(1.) We are unable to furnish the Bituala 
of amy Societies not given In this Catalogue. 

(2.) The safest as well as the cheapest 
ways to get books are as follows: Always 
send the full amount for your order by draft, 
P. O. or Express Money Order, or Registered 
Letter. Books at retail price sent Post Paid. 
For 8 cts. extra books Registered or Express 
Paid and delivery guaranteed. 

(3.) C. O. D. orders will not be filled unless 
^1.00 Is sent with order as a guaranty that 
books will be taken; and as Express and Col- 
lection charges must both be paid, on small 
orders for books C. O. D. the cost Is double 
what It Is to have them sent Registered or 
Express paid. 



ON FREEMASONRY. 



Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 
_^A complete expositon .1 the Blue Lodge and 
chapter consisting of ^ ' tn degrees. Profusely 

iwSlSt r&tCQ. 

Knis:hl Templarisf>i Illustrated. 

^41 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ri( al of the six degrees ol 
ine Council and Commandery. 

Scotch Rite flasonrv illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cl ' ■ . , $t.oo: paper, 65c. 
c '■■ complete illustrated ritual of the entir- 
bcottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, ana 
are fully and accurately given in "Free.nasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th mclusive. 

Vol 11 comprises the degrees from loth to r^rd 
lucJuslye. with the signs, grips, tokens «uid vts9- 



94 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



July, 1903. 



£@^EXPLANATORY : Freemasonry Illustrated 
and Knight Templarisin Illustrated give the 13 
degrees of the York Rite, and there are 33 degrees 
in the Scotch Rite. But the first three degrees as 
given in Free-masonry Illustrated belong to both 
Rites. So these books, give 43 different degrees 
(no duplicates). 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templiar and on Thirty- 
'wo degree Masons. 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c, 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand-Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 
By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees uf Freemasonry. 

Richardson's Moni^'or ot Freema^ 

sonrj'. Cloth, $1.2^; paper, 75c. 

Contains the ceremonies of Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only very incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it f,^ /es but a description 
and general idea of the 4egrees rather than the 
full ritual. 



Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatoi y engrav- 
ings, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, inclu'ang the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is nol 
as accurate as " Freemasonry jlustrated" 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry IJly?- 

trated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at a 

quarter the price. 

Allyn*s Ritual of Freemasonry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, ^5.00. 
Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
X-odge. Char.t'cr Council and Commandery, u of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Ke" to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orang-^ Societies". 

Ecce Orient!. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 
Candidate. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Elder 
Do Bernard, Cloth, $1.50. paper, 75c 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

20C. each. 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
decrees of Female Freemasonry, by Thomas Lowe, 

Story of the Gods. Postpaid, loc. 

By 1. R. B. Arnold. Brief sketches from the 
mythology of Rome, Greece, Egypt, India, Persia, 
Phrygia, Scandina' la, Africa and America, show- 
ing the relations and unity of the past and present 
systems. The idolatrous worship of the Masonir 
lodge is thus clearly seen and understood. 



Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages. 

Sermon on flasonry. 16 pages, 
jc. By Rev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
United Presbyterian church. 

Sermon on flasonry. loc. each. 

By Rev. James Williams, Presiding Elder of 
Dakota District Northwestern Iowa Conference 
M. E. Church— a seceding Master Mason. 

Prof. J. G. Carson, D. D., on Se- 
cret Societies. loc. each. 

A most convincing argument against fellowship- 
in*' Freemasons in the Christian church. 

Sermon on Masonry. 5c. each. 

By Rev. J. Day Brownlee. In reply to a Ma- 
sonic Oration by Rev. Dr. Mayer, Wellsville, Ohio. 

The Image of the Beast; A Secret 
Empire; or Freemasonry a Subject of 
Prophecy. By Rev. Richard Horton. 
Third Edition. 200 pages, cloth, 60c 

Col. George R. Clarke. 2c. each. 

Extracts from an address at a National Christian 
Association Conference 1889. 

Col. Clark was a Thirty-Two Degree Free-Mason, 
an Officer of the Civil War, Founder of "Pacific 
Garderi Mission," Chicago, and a Christian Worker 
of National Reputation. Two Christian Workers 
of Chicago declare this the best testimony that they 
have read on the subject. 

Graciously Delivered. 2c. each. 

Rev. E. G. Wellesley- Wesley was graciously de- 
livered from membership in seven different lodges. 
He had been their defender in private and fron^ 
the pulpit. His experiences as he was led by the 
Holy Spirit out of bondage is very interesting and 
helpful. 

Pres. H. H. George on Secret 
Societies. loc. each. 

A powerful address, showing clearly the duty of 
Christian churches to disiellowship secret socie- 
Hes. 



Cloth 35c, pape 



Secret Societies. 

15c. 

A discussion of their character and claims b> 
Rev, David McDill, Pres. ). Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

Sermon on Secret Societies. 5c. 

each. 

By Rev. Daniel Dow, Woodstock, Conn. The 
special object of his sermon is to show the right 
and duty of Christians to examine into the char- 
acter of secret societies, no matter what object 
such societies profess to have. 

riasonic Oaths Null and Void: or 
Freemasony Self=-Convicted. 207 

pages. Postpaid, 40c. 

This is a book for the times. The design of the 
author is to refute the arguments of those who 
claim that the oaths of Freemasonry are bindings 
upon those who take them. 

Masonic Outrages. Postpaid, 20c. 

Compiled by Rev. H. H. Hinman. Showing 
Masonic assualt on lives of seceders, on reputation, 
and on free speech; its interference with justice ir 
courts, etc 



I 



VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, AUGUST, 1903. 



NUMBER 4. 



THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicag-o 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicag-o, 111., as second- 
class matter. 



THE GOOD TIME COMING. 



The day is coming when all shadows 
shall depart and light be everywhere. The 
day is coming when all rebellion shall 
cease and peace be everywhere. The day 
is coming: when all sorrow shall cease and 
joy be everywhere. The day is coming 
when all discord shall be silent, and an- 
gels leaning from the battlements of 
heaven shall have but one word encircling 
the earth with music. All nations shall 
call him blessed. — Henry Van Dyke. 



A well-known business man of Lon- 
don, England, after reading "Modern 
Secret Societies," writes us : ''The so- 
cieties here of the same character as 
those referred to in the United States are 
not identical in any respect. They are 
in most cases well-conducted and useful, 
and quite Christian in character. 

"The feeling of thoughtful people here 
is in their favor." 

Will not our readers in Great Britain 
send us their impressions of Freemason- 
ry, Oddfellowship and kindred socie- 
ties? 



Canvassers are wanted for the Cyno- 
sure. Will you ask your neighbor to take 
it? Write for terms to agents. 



President C. A. Blanchard will attend 
the Christian Workers' Conference at 
Northfield (Mass.) this month, and he 
is also advertised to speak at the Goshen. 
(Mass.) Assembly. 



There are about twenty ministers of 
the different denominations in the city of 
Elgin, 111. Sixteen of them met our 
president in consultation on the lodge 
question July 16. It was a free confer- 
ence between those who were in favor of 
lodges and those who were opposed. 
The spirit of the meeting was very kind- 
ly and Christian throughout ; and if 
three or four such gatherings could be 
held everv vear it would result in a s:reat 
advance in knowledge of the question 
under discussion, and would eventuate, 
we believe, in great blessing to the men 
of the churches represented. In the 
evening President Blanchard gave an 
address in the Free Methodist Church, 
Rev. W. P. Ferries, pastor. 



A very interesting and important con- 
ference is to be held for one week in 
Wheaton, 111., beginning Aug. 2. We 
wish that many of The Cynosure readers 
could be present, and we trust that many 
will remember the meetine dailv in 
prayer. 



POPE LEO XIII. 

''His Holiness the Pope, Bishop of 
Rome and X'icar of Jesus Christ, Succes- 
sor of St. Peter. Prince of the Apostlej^. 
Supreme Pontiff of the Cnivorsal 
Church, Patriarch of the West. Primate 
of Italy, Archbishop and Metropolitan of 
the Roman Province. Sovereign of the 
Temporal Dominions of tlie Holy Roman 
Church," is dead. 



98 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



The affairs of the Longshoremen's 
Protective Union Benevolent Association, 
of New Orleans, are said to be in great 
confusion," and a petition asking appoint- 
ment of a receiver has been filed. It is 
asserted the officers murdered a member 
who opposed them, and the union, which 
is incorporated, has about i,ocxD members 
and an income of about $25,000. 



S. Sapah-Milian, the Armenian editor 
recently shot down in a crowded street in 
Boston by a man who was apparently a 
.total stranger to him was, according to his 
friends, the victim of a feud between two 
factions of a secret revolutionary society. 



Because he refused to join the union 
John McClain, a boiler-maker, of Chica- 
go, was murdered June 28, 1903. The fact 
that he was a poor cripple honestly striv- 
ing to support a family did not appeal to 
the brutes who shot him down. 



Texas has begun action under the anti- 
trust law against labor unions, which de- 
clared a boycott on a San Antonio build- 
ing. 



It is reported employers' associations 
are to form a national body along the 
lines of the American Federation of La- 
bor. 



A citizens' alliance, whose membership 
is confined to manufacturers, merchants 
and professional men and whose purpose 
is to combat the aggressions of organized 
labor, has been formed in South Bend 
and other Northern Indiana cities, and 
the organization is rapidly extending. The 
avowed purpose is to discourage strikes, 
oppose boycotts and render moral and 
financial aid to the manufacturer or mer- 
chant who may be boycotted and to re- 
frain from aiding men who may walk out 



because of differences between themselve?^ 
and their employers. ' 



"A Texas W. M. astounded his audi- 
tors by advising a brother to pray 'either 
internally or externally.' " , He should 
have prayed for the W. M.. 



HEAVY FINES FOR CONSPIRATORS. 



Thomas Walker, a Chicago nonunion 
molder, who refused to join the union 
molders when they called a strike, was 
struck down by (supposedly) a union 
molder Sunday, June 28, and died the 
following Thursday. He had just come ^ 
from his supper table to the street and 
was struck from behind. 



The heaviest fines ever levied in Chi- 
cago against men convicted of conspiracy 
to assault laborers who fill the place of 
strikers were laid by Judge Brentano yes- 
terday against Jacob E. Johnson, Will- 
iam H. Mangan, Gus Johnson and Gus- 
tav Hoppe, convicted of conspiracy 
against employes of the Western Electric 
and Stromberg-Carlson companies. Two 
of the defendants were fined $1,^50' each, 
and the last two $650 each. 

The four men convicted,, with others 
who were acquitted and others who have 
never been arrested, were officials of 
Brass Holders' Local Union No. 83, 
When they had been on strike for some 
time and found no satisfactory results, it 
was declared, a wrecking crew was or- 
ganized to assault nonunion laborers.. A 
scale of payment was prepared and men 
hired to commit the assaults. On the trial 
evidence came out to show that plots to 
dynamite the plant of the Western Elec- 
tric Company and to shoot the foremen 
and managers were only prevented by 
jealousy among the men. Many serious 
assaults were reported and ''sluggers" 
who were brought here from St. Paul 
and other cities admitted that they had 
sent many men to the hospital and were 
paid $50 each for the most serious cases. 



MAKING SATISFACTION FOR SINS. 

The Catholic Mirror notices the arrival 
in Baltimore of twenty Dominican nuns 
from Rouen, France, ana gives the fol- 
lowing explanation of their house and its 
purpose : 

''The branch of the Dominican Order 
to which these sisters belong had its 
mother house at the town of Bonsecours, 
near Rouen, and was established about 
one hundred and eighty years ago. The 
nuns are known as the Sisters of the Per- 
petual Rosary. They are cloistered relig- 



August, 1903. 



OHRISTIAN CYNO&UHE. 



99 



ious — their mission being to make repara- 
tion for the sins of the world, especially 
for those of France, by means of penance 
and prayer. 



THE C. E. AND I. O. O. F. 

Denver, July 12. — Bishop Fallows and 
the Denver Odd Fellows clashed at City 
Park yesterday afternoon, and the result 
was the dispensing of the Endeavor out- 
door meeting through the perversity of 
the Odd Fellows' band, that could not be 
placated for having been ordered from 
the speakers' stand. The park board had 
issued two permits, and after a wordy 
war the Odd Fellows decided to beat a 
retreat from the wooded grove where 
they were holding a picnic. 

They had formed a plan to be avenged 
on the Christian army of 2,000 which had 
displaced them. Waiting until Bishop 
Fallows had begun his discourse, the 
band marched directly in front of the 
stand and started the liveliest kind of rag- 
time melodies. 

The bishop vainly expostulated with 
the leader, but the noise continued, and 
the bishop had to retire, remarking, 
''These are truly the Oddest Fellows I 
liave ever met." 



AN IDEAL HOME 



For one who desires to give his chil- 
dren Christian college advantages, and 
himself do business in Chicago, and at 
the same time enjoy a beautiful country 
liome : For Sale — A large house with 
five acres of land, lawn, shade trees and 
shrubbery, cisterns, barn and orchard. 
•One-half mile from Wheaton College ; 
two blocks from railroad station. Terms 
reasonable. Call at or address 207 South 
President street, Wheaton, 111. 



A VARIATION OF RITUAL. 



''As an illustration of the necessity for 
distinct articulation on the part of a 
W. M., a candidate who was being initia- 
ted, repeating after the Master, instead 
of 'secret arts and hidden mysteries,' 
said 'sweethearts and hidden mistresses.' 
Tlie impropriety of the blunder was not 



lessened by the words which followed." 
— Copied by Texas Freemason. 

Now, the question is, whether, if he 
tells on the brethren, he will b^ a per- 
jured villain. 

WINONA'S NINTH SEASON. 



The ninth season at Winona Lake, Ind., 
opened May 15. 

More attention has been paid to the summer 
school this year than ever before. New 
courses have been added to meet the growing 
demand, and the best instructors from lead- 
ing schools of the country have been em- 
ployed. 

Bible Conference. 

The Annual Bible Conference will be held 
in August, under the direction of the Rev. 
Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman, who has already 
secured the most prominent Bible teachers 
and preachers of this and other countries. 

Among those most prominent are: Rev. 
G. A. Johnson Ross, Cambridge, England; 
Rev. G. N. Luccock, D. D., Washington, D. 
C; Rev. W. G. Moorehead, D. D., Xenia, O.; 
Rev. Cornelius Woelfkin, D. D., Brooklyn, N. 
Y.; Rev. James Orr, Glasgow, Scotland. 



CHRISTIAN WORKERS' CONFERENCE. 



Wheaton, 111.^ August 2 to 8. 

On the ground of Wheaton College, in 
the buildings and large tent. 

General Topic : 'The Work of the Holy 
Spirit." 

Among the teachers expected are : 
Brethren W. E. Beiderwolf, James W. 
Fifield, W. H. Chandler, George R. 
Wood, W. L. Ferris, Alonzo E. \\'ilson, 
Jesse W. Brooks, W. I. Phillips, Harry 
Monroe and others as providentially pres- 
ent. 

The singing will be led by Mr. L. H. 
Grange, and aid is expected from Mrs. 
CM. Ferry, Mrs. Allyn Bartholomew, 
Miss Clara Blanchard, and others. 

Daily sessions at 2 130 and 7 .-30 in the 
large tent, unless the weather be unfavor- 
aible, in which case they will be held in 
the College Chapel. Morning prayer in 
the prayer room at 10 o'clock. 

All who desire for themselves and oth- 
ers the deeper knowledge of the power of 
Jesus to save, to sanctify, to heal, and to 
keep are invited. Names mav be sent to 
Prof. D. A. Straw, Secv. 



100 



OflRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



€otttributt0tt0» 



THE KNIGHTS OF MACCABEES. 



Their Origin, Customs and Methods of Do- 
ing: Business. 



BY REV. W. B. STODDARD. 



It is impossible for the Christian re- 
former to take up the thousands of secret 
societies that have existed, or are being 
organized, and show the fallacy and the 
falsity of each separately. He must 
speak of many on general principles, 
without going into detail. It is well, how- 
ever, to take certain of the more promi- 
nent and analyze their pretentions. 

When an organization assumes the 
proportions of the Maccabees it may be 
well for us to inquire what are the prin- 
ciples that have attracted its hundreds of 
thousands of members? How are they 
being taught and governed ? Are they to 
be a permanent factor in the administra- 
tion of the affairs of church and state? 
In short, what are they? What do they 
do and teach ? In endeavoring to set be- 
fore the reader the nature of this organi- 
zation I shall use as myauthority ''the re- 
vised laws of the Knights of the Macca- 
bees as adopted May ii, 1893, and in 
force after July i, 1893." 

The headquarters of this organization 
is Port Huron, Mich. Its professed ob- 
jects are ''To educate its members so- 
cially, morally and intellectually ; to create 
a fund for the relief of sick and distressed 
members ; to care for the living and bury 
the dead ; to unite fraternally all white 
males of sound bodily health between the 
ages of eighteen and seventy years, and 
to give death, sick or funeral benefits to 
those between the ages of eighteen and 
fifty-five years, and to establish a benefit 
fund from which a person having com- 
plied with all the laws may draw a sum 
not exceeding $3,000, provided the Su- 
premes wish to give him anything. (See 
Sections 4, 6, 7, 8, 59.) 

There may be three divisions or ranks : 
the Supremes, who run the thing ; the 
Great Tents, that may be organized where 
forty tents desire and the Supremes are 
willing, and the little Tents that may be 



organized when twenty or more persons 
desire to unite. 

A person in uniting with a Tent must 
pay $5 entrance fee, $2 for one rnedical 
examiner, and twenty-five cents to the 
supreme medical examiner. He is then, 
in a condition to be taxed for the benefit, 
of the order. He must pay dues, buy a. 
long list of trinkets with which to deck 
himself, help pay for lodge furniture, and 
if a charity fund it created must contrib- 
ute to it. 

■ What will he get in return for all this ?' 
Insurance? No. He must do all this be- 
fore he can be insured in connection with; 
the order. 

What does he get then ? Certain friend- 
ships ; opportunity to attend meetings ; if." 
elected to office, some high-sounding title.. 
If not, he may wear the regalia he is re- 
quired to buy, and strut for the benefit: 
of the order. 

Why should not a fellow have a strut,,, 
and get a long title when they are so- 
cheap? , . 

If the individual is. between the limit of 
ages, he may get what they call insurance 
by paying additional to what is required 
in uniting. 

What are some of - the Supremes'' 
sources of revenue? (See Revenue, of 
Supremes, Section 3.) The charter fees, 
(not less than $100 for each Tent organ- 
ized), the great camp charters $50 each,, 
membership certificates, withdrawals 
cards, rituals, financial cards, "not more- 
than twelve per cent of the whole amount, 
paid," also the profits on all books, blank: 
forms (see Sec. 117), the supplies re- 
quired for starting and running Tents, 
(for list see Sec. 115), together with re- 
galia required, both for ordinary and ex- 
tra occasions, also when Supremes change- 
the styles; these are some of the sources 
from which the revenue that makes up' 
the Supremes' funds are derived. For- 
long lists of regalia required, see Sections. 
160 to 169. 

What are some of the duties of these 
Supremes? They must meet biennially. 
What do they do at these meetings ? "The 
salary of all the Supreme Officers shall be 
fixed by the Supreme Tent at each bien- 
nial review." (Sec. 50.} How about ex- 
penses ? '^The officers of the^ Supreme^ 
Tent shall receive mileage^ and per diem,. 



August, 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



101 



not to exceed three cents per mile each 
way and six dollars per diem." (See 
Sec. 133.) ' 

Reader, how would vou like to be a 
Supreme Bee? Wouldn't it be nice to 
have a revenue fund, six cents per mile 
for traveling, and six dollars per day 
while meeting to vote your salary from 
this fund and attending to the other mat- 
ters incident to your office ? 

As long as there are little bees busy 
bringing in the honey, why should not 
there be a crafty old bee willing to tell 
how the workers will have a sweet time 
when they have filled his hive? 

What authority do the Supremes have 
"in conducting the affairs of the Tents ? 
Answer : The authority of the Supremes 
is despotic. "This association (the Su- 
preme Tent) shall have power to make its 
own laws, rules and regulations for the 
government of the whole order." (Sec. 
105.) "It shall be the Supreme tribunal 
to which all final appeals shall be made." 
(Sec. 107.) 'Tt possesses the right and 
power of regulating and controlling its 
benefit funds, fixing the rate of death as- 
sessments on the members of the subor- 
dinate Tents under its jurisdiction, re- 
ceiving appeals and redressing grievances 
arising in Tents, of originating and reg- 
ulating the means of its own support, of 
deciding as the tribunal of last resort all 
■questions arising out of its laws." (Sec. 
109.) 

'Tt shall have the power to decide as to 
the validity of all death claims or any 
iother claims which a member or the bene- 
ficiary of a member may have against it, 
and its decisions -shall be final and bind- 
ing upon every member and their benefi- 
ciaries, and no suit at law or equity shall 
be commenced or maintained by any 
member or beneficiary against the Su- 
preme Tents." (Sec. no.) 

The whole business seems to be run 
with an eye to revenue only. 

To induce persons to join, the organ- 
izer will tell some story setting forth the 
benefits the individual will derive by so 
•doing. Organizer Lawry, of Pennsyl'- 
vania, tells of a man that had only paid 
in $30 and received $1,100, or rather his 
family received the latter feum. He spoke 
of the great benefit coming to the home 
*of the deceased bv this investment. He 



knew of course that the ordinary unthink- 
ing individual would imagine that this 
was the way they would do business, and 
would unite without asking very many 
questions. 

In uniting, if the candidate is a strong, 
able-bodied male within the required limit 
of ages, he may make himself liable to re- 
ceive certain benefits and a sum, on which 
he must pay, which is not to exceed $3,- 
000. Only think of it. Here is an oppor- 
tunity of a life time. "He that does not 
provide for his family has denied the 
faith and is worse than an infidel." Only 
see how much good that $1,100 did that 
poor man's family ! Now is your chance ; 
come in. 

Hold on ! Does the individual thus ex- 
cited stop to examine the basis of the or- 
ganization with which he is asked to 
unite? How many read the laws gov- 
erning the order carefully? Does not the 
ordinary individual judge of what the or- 
der will do by what he sees it has done? 
Is it not wise for us to enquire of this 
order what can it do in the future? what 
is it likely to do? before we invest too 
heavilv ? 

If the object of this order were to ban- 
ish the widow's anguish and wipe away 
the orphans' tears; "to pay $1,100 for 
$30" to the distressed ; to provide so that 
"when a man should be playing on a 
golden harp his weeping widow should 
not be playing on the washboard ;" if, I 
say, the object of this society is to dry up 
tears, will friend Lawry, with seven let- 
ters after his name, tell why, in the light 
of all reason, thev should make such su- 
preme laws ? Why are they so despotic ? 
Does he think that these nice, tender- 
hearted men, who only receive $6 per day 
and six cents per mile when they travel 
to vote their own salaries, will so love the 
widows and orphans of all the dying 
Maccabees that they will give them $1,- 
100 for $30? 



Many men have to do night work ; but 
that is no reason why they should do dark 
work. 



As a farmer cannot plow without a 
team so neither can he get to heaven 
without faith. 



102 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 




AN INITIATION SCENE 
In a Side Degree. 



RECRUITING FOR THE MACCABEES. 



Making a Desperate Kffort for Members. 



We have received clippings from the 
Zeeland (Mich.) Record of last May, 
which contains, among other things, an 
advertisement of a Maccabee recruiting 
officer, calling attention .through the lo- 
cal press to the meeting of the Macca- 
bees at Phill. Schulmeyer's cigar shop. 
He says: "Our order is based on the 
highest Christian principles, and does 
not conflict in any way with church or 
state ;" and he then proceeds to exemplify 
these principles by advertising a Mr. 
Sooy, of Zeeland, as chaplain of the 
lodge and a Dr. Van den Berg as phy- 
sician, and states that for the next three 
months no charge for initiation will be 
made. In the following number of the 
Zeeland Record both Mr. Sooy and Dr. 
Van den Berg deny their membership. 
Hence we are authorized in calling at- 
tention to the desperate effort to secure 
members for this secret insurance order. 

We give considerable space to this 
order. We quote below the obligation 
of the order, and also the following if em 
as to its ritualistic ceremonies as given 
in the^ Zeeland Record by one of its 
recruiting agents : 

"It has beautiful ritualistic ceremonies 
which interest and entertain its members, 
and which are free from horse play. Its 
members minister to the sick and disabled, 
and never allow the membership of a sick 



associate to lapse. They stretch forth their 
hands and assist the unfortunate and needy, 
they comfort you in your sorrow, assist yort: 
in your adversity and rejoice in your pros- 
perity. These features make its lodge sys- 
tem second to none in the country." 

The statement that they "are free 
from horse play" is not borne out by a 
seceder who writes under the heading," 
''Maccabees Exposed." We also give 
the opening prayer and one verse of a 
hymn that is sung at the initiation of the 
candidate. One of the subscribers to 
The Cynosure in Zeeland, Mich., was 
offered good wages if he would aid them- 
in securing members. 

Obligation. 

"I, John Smith, do solemnly and vol- 
untarily promise in the presence of 
Almighty God and this duly convoked 
Tent of the Knights of the Maccabe-^s,. 
that I will be faithful and true to the 

Tent dominated Tent, No 

of which I am now. to become a mem- 
ber ; that I will maintain and uphold the 
Constitution and By-laws of the Order, 
Knights of the Order, and will forever 
or of any Tent to which at any time I 
may belong ; that I will be true to all Sir 
keep and conceal all the secrets, signs,, 
pass-words, grips and other private work 
of the Order, and that I will not, under 
any circumstances, make" them known to 
any one in the world, or sufifer others to 
do so, if in my power to prevent it, un- 
less it be to a Sir Knight of the Order 
whom I know is entitled to them, or ire 



August, 1903- 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



loa 



the body of a Tent while at work ; that 
I will not defraud a member or Tent of 
anything, or allo.w it to be done by 
others, if in my power to prevent it; 
that I will not become a member of any 
society of men who claim to be a branch 
of this Order, unless they are chartered 
by the Executive of this Order, and that 
I will respect and protect the near rela- 
tives of all Sir Knights, especially the 
widow and the orphan. To all this I 
most solemnly and sincerely promise and 
swear with a fixed and determined reso- 
lution to keep and rerform the same, 
binding myself under no less a penalty 
for the wilful violation of any of the pro- 
visions, than that of having my left arm 
cut of¥ above the elbow (the Sir Knight 
on the left draws battle ax across the 
candidate's left arm), so that I would 
forever be unable to prove myself a 
Knight of the Maccabees. So help me 
the Most High, and keep me steadfast in 
the same until death." 

Opening Prayer. 

''Almighty and eternal God, the Crea- 
tor of all, we implore Thee to look down 
upon us at this time and give us Thy 
divine assistance in furthering Thy holy 
will among our fellow men. Assist us, 
we pray Thee, to build up our Order for 
the benefit of ourselves, and the protec- 
tion of the widow and orphan, wherever 
dispersed over this Thy footstool ; and 
may all mankind learn to walk in the 
paths of righteousness. Amen." 

H>nin. 

"Almighty Jehovah, descend now and 
fill 
This Tent with Thy glory, our hearts 
with good will ; 
Preside at our Reviews, assist us to find 
Some pleasure in teaching God's will 
to mankind." 



MACCABEES EXPOSED. 



BY A ''light rearer." 



The foundation of the Maccabees, as I 
suppose you know, is insurance ; but in 
order to make it a success they have add- 
ed to it a most disgraceful initiation. 

I cannot give you the work as minute- 
ly as I could other orders, for I was not 
associated with them so long as with the 



other societies. What induced me to joiru 
them was their cheap insurance. 

In the preparation of the candidate he 
is blindfolded, his coat and vest are re- 
moved, and his pants taken ofif. If he has 
drawers on, one leg of the drawers is 
rolled up to the knee. They have a suit 
to robe the candidate with which looks 
very much like a circus clown's, only not 
so neat. It consists of a striped pair of 
pants, a coat of striped cloth which is not 
made to fit anyone, but is like a night- 
gown. He has an old hat running to a 
peak like a clown's, and one foot is bare 
and the other is dressed with an old slip- 
per. In this way he is ushered into the 
lodge- room. 

As it is insurance he is after, he has to' 
pass a rigid examination. But it is a 
sham — a laughing, insulting sham. The 
victim does not know it, and so it is called 
a two-years' warfare. 

He is taken first to a so-called doctor 
to be examined. His lungs are tested by 
giving him a tin horn to blow. The first 
horn is a common dinner horn ; but he is 
given another which has a shoulder in it 
and the mouth of it comes up against his 
ear. This one he has to blow with all his 
might, and the consequence is he is al- 
most knocked down and deafened. It 
seemed terrible to me, yet they say it is 
all for fun. 

The candidate is made to get down on 
all fours like a dog and run in this -fash- 
ion all around the room. Men in the 
room are allowed to come up and test 
him by grasping him and handling him 
roughly to test his constitution; and all- 
of this is for sport. 

When he is first brought in he is asked 
if he is sound. All of these questions that 
are really necessary, if answered in the 
affirmative, should be sufficient ; but now 
by severe tests they try to make him con- 
tradict his testimony. 

He is then taken to another examiner 
who asks him a good many foolish ques- 
tions, and finally he is bound to make him 
lie. He is asked if he ever visited a house 
of prostitution, which of course he will' 
answer no, whether he has or not. But 
this is not enough, for members will cry 
out from difTerent parts of the hall with 
such insinuations and remarks as these ! 
"What about the time vou and I visited 



104 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August. 1903. 



such and such houses of ill-fame?" Then 
another. will cry out, ''What about that 
prostitute I saw you with the other 
night .^" And so it goes on and on, until • 
the candidate is all confused and shame- 
fully embarrassed. Then the spokesman 
asks the lodge what they think of the an- 
swers, and so on, and they always say 
with one accord, ''Guilty." Perhaps there 
will be one or two who will favor the vic- 
tim, just enough to make an argument, 
and they jangle a while until finally the 
majority rule that he is a deceiver. Of 
course this is all for ridicule. 

But they conclude to try him by tak- 
ing him through a two-years' warfare. 
The preparation for this is by taking ^ 
. about sixteen bags, and upwards, filled 
with sawdust or tan bark, which are 
placed around the lodge-room in pairs 
about equal distances apart, perhaps eight 
or ten feet, so that they will stand upright 
and quite solid. 

Then two stout men seize the candi- 
date, one by each arm, and they start with 
him on this "two-years' voyage." 

The sight to a worldly man is laugh- 
able, but I do not see how a Christian 
can look upon it. In fact, I do not think 
many who know the Lord are there. 

The candidate is run, as fast as they 
can run him, over these bags, his feet are 
knocked out from under him, but they do 
not stop but drag him over them many 
times, until those who handle him are ex- 
hausted. 

There are men following close behind, 
setting up the bags as they are knocked 
down by the victim. He is finally brought 
to a halt. Some of them are frightened 
dreadfully ; some are mad ; some don't 
care, but all are exhausted. 

Then they are taken and shoved be- 
tween two panels. As they enter the one 
side they go in easily ; but men are on the 
outside, and as they pass along they are 
squeezed tighter and tighter, until they 
usually call for help. 

He is then taken up an incline plane 
until he is perhaps six feet from the floor ; 
then he is told he is in a dangerous place 
and is not likely to escape alive ; but in 
this case he is told to grab hold of any- 
thing he can. A rope is attached to the 
• ceiling, and he is given the other end. 
He is told to hold on for dear life, and as 



he grasps it the structure under him is 
instantly removed, and he is left suspend- 
ed in mid-air. After he can hold on no 
longer he lets go and drops to the floor, 
half-scared to death. 

After this he is taken on another run 
over the bags, if anything a harder race 
than the first. The candidate is nearly 
killed, and all who took part are tired out 
and the others are laughed out. My broth- 
er-in-law who was so hurt and abused 
that he was mad, and never went near 
them again, was all lamed up for a long 
time. 

The oath I do not remember. It is 
quite severe. In it I remember you swear 
if you disclose the secrets to have your 
arm taken ofT above the elbow, the one 
you make the hailing sign with ; and I 
remember these words in connection, "so 
you can no longer be a Maccabee." You 
will see the point ; if you cannot make the 
signs you are not one of us. 

Now I have told you the principal fea- 
tures of it. You will see that it is the. 
lowest, dirtiest and most ungentlemanly 
of all the orders. 

Harrison Valley, Pa., Nov. ii, 1895. 



The sins by which God's spirit is ordi- 
narily grieved are the sins of small things 
— laxities in keeping the temper, slight 
neglect of duty, lightness, sharpness of 
dealing. — Horace Bushnell. 



A CONGREGATIONAL OPINION. 



Modern Secret Societies, by President 
Charles A. Blanchard, D. D. President 
Blanchard here gives a clear and temper- 
ate statement of the objections to secret 
societies as obstacles to Christian work 
and subtle foes to character. The review- 
er has had opportunity of testing the ac- 
curacy of President Blanchard's state- 
ments as to the nature and inner work- 
ings of these societies, and upon every 
point tested he has been confirmed. The 
enormous spread and influence of lodges 
makes the matter a social question of the 
first importance, and this little book most 
timely as well as valuable. (Chicago: 
National Christian Association. 75c.) — 
The Advance. 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



105 




C. Van Loo 

Zeeland, Michigan. 



A CRITICISM OF MACCABEES. 



BY A BUSINESS MAN OF ZEELAND, MICH. 



I notice in the last two issues of the 
Record an announcement of the Macca- 
bees. It is stated that the order is based 
on the ''highest Christian principles." 
Will one of the initiated state for the 
benefit of myself and others who may like 
light on that subject, on what particular 
Christian principles? As I understand 
it, it is a secret order. Is secrecy a Chris- 
tian principle? The founder of Chris- 
tianity undoubtedly knew what the "high- 
est Christian principles" arc. And this 
is what he had to say of secrecy : "And 



this is the condemnation that light is 
come into the world, and men loved dark- 
ness rather than light, because their deeds 
were evil. For every one that doeth evil 
hateth the light, neither cometh to the 
light, lest his deeds should be reproved. 
But he that doeth the truth cometh to the 
light, that his deeds may be made mani- 
fest, that they are wrought in God.'' 
Again, it would seem natural to place at 
the head of an organization "based on 
the highest Christian principles" men 
known as consistent professors thereof. 
Will some one toll us how many such 
there are and who they are, in the pub- 
lished list? Does a church choose as 
leaders and teachers men not professing 



106 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



its principles? Does a political party 
choiose its leaders from the opposition? 
What confidence would any one have in 
a church or party that did so? 

Again, does this organization propose 
to extend its charities on the basis of the 
^'highest Christian principles" or broad 
humanitarian grounds to all that come 
within its reach, or only to those within 
its own membership, if perchance any 
should ever need aid ? All or nearly all 
these secret and fraternal orders exclude 
from membership the very classes of so- 
ciety most in need of aid. Women, chil- 
dren, the aged and the crippled, the class- 
es more specially cared for by the church 
and the charitable provisions of our laws 
are shut out from these organizations. 
What do any of them do for the exten- 
sions of the "highest Christian princi- 
ples" in heathen lands, among Jews, Mo-, 
hammedans and Indians ? How much has 
the Zeeland Tent of the Maccabees given 
Mr. Van Slyke for his Seaman's Aid So- 
ciety? All three of the churches have 
contributed liberally and do every year. 
Can the Maccabees show a like record? 
If not, then what need has a community 
for such an organization? — C. Van Loo, 
ki the Zeeland Record. 



THE RELATION OF THE CHURCH TO 
SECRET ORDERS. 



Ky Rev. R. F. Paxton. 

(Written for the Dubuque Association of Con- 
gregational Cliurclies, wliich met at Edgewood, 
Iowa, April 23-25, 1903.) 

I consider the relation of the Church 
to Secret Orders an intensely practical, 
important and timely subject. 

As to the number of secret societies of 
to-day, like the evil spirits at the 
Gadarine tomb, they are legion for they 
are many. 

Every city, town, village and hamlet 
is overun with them as Egypt with lo- 
custs to the devastation of homes and 
churches. 

The purpose of these orders varies. 
Some are religious, other patriotic, politi- 
cal, industrial, insurance and social. 

But the attitude of the church toward, 
or relation to anything is determined by 
its character, hence to determine her re- 
lation to secret orders is to determine 
their character. 



We are met on the very threshold of 
our investigation with the objection that 
they are secret, hence we cannot know 
them. That very fact is presumptive 
evidence against them. All secretists and 
their sympathizers are vehement in 
their declarations that the lodge is an 
excellent institution. Accepting this as 
true, why then the need of secrecy? 

W^hy should it be hid away from all 
except men of able body, sound mind 
and plenty of money? 

Some one will say, "There are ladies 
lodges," too true ! But these are blinds, 
invented and controlled by designing men 
to keep the "dear women" quiet. The 
ladies know nothing about the main 
orders, and the men chuckle, when by 
themselves they tell how they fool their 
"dear women." 

But to return to the main question, 
why the need of secrecy ? W^e know that 
all kinds of evil thrives under cover of 
the secrecy of darkness. 

The Master said, "This is the condem- 
nation, that light has come into the world, 
and men have loved darkness rather than 
light because their deeds were evil. 

For every one that doeth evil hateth 
the light, neither cometh to the light lest 
his deeds should be discovered. But he 
that doeth truth cometh to the light that 
his deeds may be manifest, that they are 
wrought in God." John 3. 

Wendell Phillips says, "Secret societies 
are not needed for any good purpose, and 
may be used for any bad purpose what- 
soever." 

But there are some avenues of know- 
ledge open to us. First — the public ser- 
vices of secret orders to which the "pro- 
fane" are invited, such as laying of corner 
stones, installation of officers and burial 
of the dead. Second — the "exoteric" in- 
struction contained in monitors and other 
works written by acknowledged authori- 
ties. Third — the many expositions which 
have been given by honorable men whose 
consciences would not permit them to" 
longer affiliate. 

But in my discussion I will speak more 
particularly of the religious orders ; and 
of these I will speak more directly of the 
Masonic order. I do this because it is 
the oldest, wrth the exception of the 

Jesuits, the most widelv known and wid- 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



101 



est Spread. The other orders are the 
offspring of this parent order and largely 
copied from it. 

Let us examine this institution care- 
• fully. It is called "Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons." 

Robert Morris in his Die. of Free- 
masonry, p. 40, makes this statement, 
"the three essential qualifications of an- 
cient Masonry are, Antiquity, Unchange- 
ableness and Universality." 

Notice the use of the terms "Antiquity" 
and "Ancient." But if history is true 
it is neither "ancient," nor has it a claim 
to "antiquity." 

Even a superficial student of history 
knows that Masonry had its earliest con- 
ception in wandering bands of stone 
masons in the middle ages, and their 
lodges were the gathering places at even- 
ing for smoking, drinking and sociabil- 
ity- 

But in time they organized into a 

"labor union," if you please, to protect 
each other, and recommend workmen go- 
ing to other places. Some time in the 
thirteenth century one Albertus Magnus 
introduced into these lodges many Jewish 
and Arabian symbols. But Blue Lodge 
Masonry, which Morris declares is the 
only true Masonry, originated in London, 
England on June 24th, 1717, A. D. 

Hence the oldest form of Masonry is 
less than 200 years old. All the higher 
degrees originated in the latter part of 
the eighteenth, and in the nineteenth cen- 
turies. To give it the prestige of age 
designing men have copied the forms and 
symbols of ancient Sun worship. "The 
Worshipful Master himself is a repre- 
sentative of the Sun." Mor. Die. Free, 
p. 296. 

To give it the appearance of divine 
origin they have freely appropriated from 
sacred writings., history, incident and 
personages without leave or license, and 
have so deftly woven these together as 
to deceive the very elect. But do bald 
appropriation and daring assumption con- 
stitute real history ? 

After mentioning a number of Masonic 
writers who had made strenuous attempts 
to trace the institution back even beyond 
the creation, G. W. Stienbrumer, a Past 
Master Mason, in his work entitled. "The 
Origin and Early History of Masonry," 



concludes by saying: "These various 
opinions only show -how unwise it is to 
assert more than we can prove. Let Free- 
masons give up their vain boasting, which 
ignorance has foisted into the order, and 
relinquish a fabulous antiquity, rather 
than sacrifice common sense." 

All secret orders require the candidate 
to take on oath to "always conceal and 
never reveal" what transpires in the lodge 
room. 

In the third or Master Mason's degree 
he swears to keep a brother Master Ma- 
son's secret inviolate, murder and treason 
only excepted. In the seventh degree this 
modest exception is dropped, and the ob- 
ligation reads, "right or wrong." 

How much justice can we expect in 
courts, or impartiality in society, when 
possibly both judge and jury have secret- 
ly sworn to protect the prisoner at the 
bar "right or wrong?" 

But even that is not the worst feature 
of these organizations. 

They are religious, and hold out to 
men the hope of salvation. 

This feature runs through the whole 
system of secrecy from Masonry down to 
the smallest one-horse tin-whistle insur- 
ance society. 

They have altars, chaplains, creeds and 
rituals, why these if not religious ? 

They without exception have a burial 
service ; and at the grave of the deceased 
member, read prayers, etc., never failing 
to land the soul of the departed safe in 
the grand lodge above. He may have 
been a profane man, a drunkard, a liber- 
tine, but he goes straight to heaven. 

The question to be determined is, "Is 
their religion Christian ?" Ask a Mason 
and he will say emphatically, '*Yes," it is 
founded on the Bible. 

The Bible is the first object that strikes 
the candidate's attention upon coming to 
Masonic light. (Mor. Die. of F., p. 153.) 
But the Jewish worship is inseparable 
from the Bible, yet no one thinks of call- 
ing them Christian. 

Take any Masonic Monitor and turn 
to their quotations from i Peter 2 iq, and 
II. Thess. 3:6, 12. in the third and 
seventh degrees. Now compare with anv 
King James or Revised W^rsion of the 
Bible and you will find that the name of 
Jesus Christ is omitted. 



108 



ClIRISTIAxN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



But why this omission? Robert Mor-- 
ris in speaking of Christ, says, "The 
birth, Hfe, death, resurrection and ascen- 
sion of this exalted personage constitute 
the sublime lessons of the Knight Tem- 
plars' order. (Die. of F., p. 167.) Notice 
he speaks of our Savior as an "exalted 
personage," not as the Son of God. 

Again, under the head of "Prayer," 
he adds, "The prayers given in the hand- 
books of the Blue Lodge, are such that 
all Masons whatever their religious faith 
may unite in." (Diet, of F., p. 243.) 
Again, under the topic, "Christian Ma- 
sonry," "The Orders of Knight Templars 
and Knights of Malta are intensely 
Christian in their doctrine. This fact, of 
.course, forfeits the claims of these de- 
grees and orders to be styled universal 
Masonry."' (Diet, of F., p. 60.) Again, 
in describing the Knight Templars, "An 
attempt has been made to connect the 
history of this institution with Freema- 
sonry. There is nothing in Masonic 
tradition to justify such attempt; on the 
contrary the three essential qualifications 
of ancient Masonry are averse to a Chris- 
tianized system." (Diet, of F., p. 301.) 

What are these "three essential qual- 
ifications ?" We learn from p. 22, Diet, 
of F., "Antiquity, Unchangeableness and 
Universality." Then what does this uni- 
versality mean? Evidently that all peo- 
ple who believe in one God can become 
members. The Jew, the Mohammedan, 
the infidel, are as eligible to membership 
as the Rev. or D. D. 

The Sultan of Turkey is a good Mason, 
yet Jesus Christ has no bitterer enemy 
in the world to-day. 

The'candidate is constantly exhorted to 
rise above superstition and sectarian 
prejudice received in childhood. It has 
been proven more than once that if a 
member requests that the name of Christ 
be not mentioned in the lodge room, no 
one dare mention it. 

Can these quotations from this unques- 
tioned authority mean anything less than 
that Masonry is not Christian ? How can 
it be when it rejects Christ? It evident- 
iv seeks to save men without Christ. But 
:he Master said, "I am the Door, He 
mat entereth not by the Door into the 
sheep fold, but climbeth up some other 
way is a thief and robber." (John 10 : 1,9.) 



"I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life^ 
no man cometh to the Father but by me." 
(John 14: 6.) 

According to the Christian system^ 
humility, confession, repentance and fore- 
saking of sin, and faith in Christ' are 
necessary to salvation. 

Does secretism teach salvation by this, 
way? I have spoken of their rejection, 
of Christ. Do they teach humility? 
Read some of their titles, worshipful, sir- 
Knight, grand exalted, supreme and. 
many other grandiloquent names and ex- 
pressions which minister to the greedy 
desires of man's pride. 

There is no requirement of confes- 
sion of and repentance for sin. 

Instead of sin being cleansed away by 
the blood of Christ, after having passed 
the ceremonies of the initiation, in which 
he goes throug-h the mockery of death, 
and the resurrection, the candidate is said, 
to have been raised without repentance- 
and the necessity of the atonement. 

But many will say that the majority 
of men do not believe in the lodge as a. 
saving institution. It may be true of the- 
more intelligent, but there are scores upon 
scores of men who curse the church, and 
rely upon the lodge for their acceptance- 
with God. 

If this be not true why do we hear so. 
often expressions from men, some of 
whom are professedly Christian, like the 
following, "If I live up to the require- 
ments of the lodge I am sure of heaven,"' 
and "I would just as soon trust the lodge- 
as the church," and others of like im- 
port? 

From all this and much more that: 
might be said, it is evident that secret, 
orders are rivals of the church of Jesus- 
Christ. 

The church for which he shed his pre- 
cious blood and gave his dear life ! The 
church which he has honored by espous- 
ing it to himself and calling it his bride !. 

We often hear of sermons which seek 
to answer the question, "Why are not. 
more men members of the churches ?"' 
The cause is laid to environment, tem- 
perament, early training, and everything - 
else under heaven but this, membership 
in lodges, the most prolific cause. These- 
lodges, absorbing men's attention, time, 
money, energies and holding out to men. 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



109 



the false hope of eternal life, are robbing 
the church of energy, power, money and 
souls which rightfully belong to her. 

What then should be the church's re- 
lation to secret orders ? What consistent 
attitude can she take but open opposi- 
tion. 

What attitude should the Christian sus- 
tain toward them? 

Let the word answer, ''Have no fellow- 
.ship with the unfruitful works of dark- 
ness, but rather reprove them; for it is 
ia shame even to speak of things done of 
them in secret." Eph. 5:11-12. "Be not 
unequally yoked together with unbeliev- 
«€rs. . . . Wherefore come out from 
among them and be ye separate, saith 
tthe Lord, and touch not the unclean thing 
and I will receive you." IL Cor. 6 114, 17. 

Many of God's people are praying for 

•a mighty revival of God's work, 

when as in the times of Finney and 

Moody thousands were converted and 

the whole body of Christians quickened 

into new life. But in my candid opinion 

that time will not come as long as men 

■ and women think more of, and are more 

loyal to their Christ denying lodges than 

"they are to his church. 

If Christ is the only Savior; if Christi- 
:anity is the only true religion ; and if His 
church, which represents him in the 
world, is for the salvation of men, then 
she cannot afiFord to compromise with any 
other system whatever. Christ alone is 
'the Savior and Sovereign of men ; and 
to him, to be his disciple, men miist 
yield supreme obedience. To refuse and 
give it to lodges and secret orders is to 
be disloval to Him and lose the soul. 



SMALL LOSS, MAY BE. 



A Mrs. Martha J. Ellis, of Omaha, 
Neb., widow of a brother, died recently, 
and it was found that she had made 
many munificent bequests to Masonic 
lodges, and other Masonic bodies, and 
expressed a desire to have a Masonic 
funeral, which, of course, she could not 
rget. 

Was it because she was dead? 





/ 




-1?/ \ 


|S*>" ^^^^^^^n y ^ft^^ / 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ' ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^t 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^K ^-y.^/ty^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^K 


Rev. Daniel Steele, D.D. 


Pastor, Author and 1 heological Teacher of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 



MASONRY VS. CHRISTIANITY. 



"Providence is the Bible in action, and 
the Bible is Providence in exposition and 
contemplation." 



In a recent number of the Christian 
Witness and Advocate of Bible Holiness 
Rev. Daniel Steele, D. D. (Methodist 
Episcopal), of Milton, Mass., is asked: 

Can a man be a good Christian and a 
good Mason at the same, time? Can 
Christianity be harmonized with the oath- 
bound orders flourishing in our times ? 

The Doctor replies: I cannot speak 
from experience. But I have observed 
that vital Christianity decays where these 
orders abound. As the secret societies 
wax, the prayer meetings and class 
meetings wane. I learn from the testi- 
mony of such men as Charles G. Finney 
and Stephen Merritt that as soon as they 
received the baptism of the Holy Spirit 
they withdrew from the order lest the 
blessed fullness of life should be stifled 
by the uncongenial atmosphere. Pass- 
ing out of a meeting in which the writer 
had related his experience of receiving 
the abiding Comforter, a preacher took 
him aside in the vestibule and, with tears 
streaming down his cheeks, said; "I once 
received the Comforter, and I know the 
moment when He left me. It was when 



110 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1908. 



I was being initiated into a Masonic 
lodge." The poor man had made as sor- 
ry a bargain as Esau, and he could not 
regain his bartered birthright, though he 
sought it diligently with tears. The or- 
ders all have a religious ritual, it is said. 
But it does not save. Some have told 
me that it is good enough for them and 
they are leaning upon it as a substitute 
for new^ness of life inwrought by the 
Holy Spirit. These orders boast of their 
charities. But I note that they are like 
our banks, which dispense their funds 
only to depositors, and give dividends 
only to stockholders. My advice to 
Christians, especially to preachers, is to 
heed Paul's prohibition, "Be not une- 
qually yoked together with unbelievers." 
Enlarge your sympathies to take in the 
whole himian race. Give not to a clique 
or a set what belongs to all mankind. 



THE POISON IN EMERSON. 



BY DANIEL STEELE^ D. D. 



Amid the chorus of praises of this 
great wTiter at the centennial of his 
birth it requires a little courage to pen 
this caption. The law requires every 
deadly poison to be plainly labeled. This 
becomes more necessary when the poi- 
son without such a label is found scat- 
tered throug'h a package of delightful 
sweets universally lauded by excellent 
people. 

Says an eminent evangelical preacher 
in Chicago, ''There is no other echo of 
Jesus in this new country as that which 
comes throiigh him (Emerson)," and an- 
other in the same city said : "When he 
wrote drops of light fell from his pen. 
When he spoke vast horizons began to 
glow as at daybreak." If they faithful- 
ly denounced the deadly errors which 
were mixed with those "drops of light," 
the reporters, with one exception, have 
failed to note the denunciation. 

Passing by all the other theological 
errors of this pagan writer— for he dis- 
claimed the adjective Christian as con- 
taining limitations — we will confine our 
criticism to Emerson's shallow and flip- 
pant treatment of sin. He not only fails 
to recognize the awfulness of sin, but he 
teaches that in the long run it will turn 



out to be as good as holiness. This is 
plainly brought out by Senator Hoar in 
his synopsis of the religious teaching of 
his celebrated townsman : "He , saw 
that crime and sin lead all souls to the 
good. The cosmic results will be the 
same whatever the daily events may be."" 
"He believes that the world is but one 
world, and that the Sovereign who 
reigns over it — never to be dethroned — 
knows very well that every road leads to 
the gates of His Kingdom," 

Stated in philosophical language, this 
error in its abstract form may not make 
so deep impression as the concrete utter- 
ance of the same idea made on me in a 
lecture in Worcester, where I was resid- 
ing in the winter of 1846-47. This ab- 
normal optimism found expression in 
these words, "Mankind, whether on the 
gallows or in the brothel, are ever 
mounting upward." I quote from mem- 
ory, but I am quite sure of the two 
nouns designating the way stations on 
the upward path to the highest well-be- 
ing. With this sentence clinging like a 
burr to my memory for more than half 
a century the reader may easily imagine 
the painful emotions awakened in my 
mind when the pulpit and religious 
press, which are mourning over the spir- 
itual decline of the Church and the few- 
ness of conversions, unite in the instau- 
ration of a Christless literature so bane- 
ful to the spiritual life without adequate 
notice of its deadly character. 

May not this very literature be a large 
factor in the production of that relig- 
ious indifference and that recent min- 
imizing of sin which we all lament? In 
the revival of interest in this writer are 
not preachers and editors planting the 
seeds of a more abundant harvest of 
spiritual death ? If this be true, there is 
a long period of spiritual death before 
the Church, for the germinal, sententious 
style of Emerson, half revealing, half 
concealing his wealth of thought, insur- 
ing an enduring and increasing interest 
on the part of the reader, will give his 
.neology a long lease of life. 

Not so much is to be feared from the 

writings of Emerson's disciple, Theodore 

Parker, who, in 1857, when Dr. Finney 

was preaching in Boston, caricatured one 

of his doctrines thus : "The sin against 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Ill 



the Holy Ghost, what is it? It is com- 
mitted by a man when he takes good rye 
and makois poor whisky, and by a wom- 
an when she takes good flour and makes 
bad bread." This blasphemy educed no 
reproof from Emerson his teacher. The 
present generation, especially our Ep- 
worth Leagues and other young people's 
societies, ought to know what the un- 
adorned religion of transcendentalism is 
before they are unawares inoculated with 
it by contact with Emerson. — New York 
Christian Advocate. 



A POPULAR IDEA. 



It is the popular idea that a multiplic- 
ity of degrees necessary means an exalta- 
tion of Masonic rank, which is not the 
case unless the additional degrees carry 
with them increase of Masonic knowledge 

and zeal. 

—Texas Freemason. 

Popular ideas about Freemasonry are 

apt to include a good deal "which is not 

the case." 



FALSE TEACHERS AMONG YOU." 



St. Paul, Minn,. July 14, 1903. 

Editor of Christian Cynosure : King 
William the First, the Emperor of Ger- 
many, had snared himself in Masonry. 
We are told that he requested the lodge 
to write a historical account of Masonic 
resurrection, which the lodge consented 
to do ; but the king was then assured that 
that thing would never be done. Some 
time afterwards a corner-stone for the 
new parliament house was to be laid. The 
Freemasons, of course, expected to per- 
form the ceremony, but the king was so 
disgusted with the infernal blasphemy 
against the truth that he would not suffer 
the new parliament house to be desecrated 
by the lying blasphemies of Masonic hea- 
thenism. 

The chief oracle of a gospel mission is 
a Freemason who stands upon a chair, 
wearing a Masonic badge on his vest col- 
lar, and tells the people that he has been 
saved from drunkenness, gambling, etc. 
by Jesus Christ ; and the superintendent 
of the mission calls him a stalwart Chris- 
tian. 

A leader of the noonday prayer meet- 



ing had read II. Peter, second chapter, the 
first verse of which is: ''But there were 
false prophets also among the people, 
even as there shall be false teachers 
among you, who privily shall bring in 
damnable heresies, denying even the Mas- 
ter (despotes) that bought them." An 
attendant of the meeting made the appli- 
cation of that verse to Freemasonry ; sub- 
sequently, on a Lord's day evening, the 
superintendent read the same passage of 
Scripture and attempted to apply it to 
"Higher Criticism." When opportunity 
for testimoiiy was given one arose in the 
audience, made the grand hailing sign of 
Masonry and said, 'Tf the Lord be Lord, 
follow Him; but if Mah-hah-bone, then 
follow him :" he also said. "Freemasonry 
is a damnable blasphemy, it is brought 
into the church privily, and the Mason 
that brings it into the church denies his 
Master, who bought his soul, in the lodge, 
while he openly confesses the Lord Jesus 
Christ in the Christian congregation — 
that every Mason is of necessity either a 
murderer or a false swearer ; and Jesus 
Christ is "a swift witness against false 
swearers." At this point the superintend- 
ent interrupted, charging the speaker with 
personality in his remarks, which thing 
he could not allow. The speaker replied 
that he had not specified any particular 
person. No, said the superintendent, but 
we all know whom you mean. And, of 
course the speaker's remarks did apply to 
any and every Freemason. But the su- 
perintendent's assistant started a hymn, 
and the speaker was sung down. 

A zealous member of the mission then 
arose and hurled anathemas of Scripture 
at the one sung down ; and he said we 
ought to walk hand in hand with secret 
societies. 

Now does it not seem that the text con- 
cerning false teachers chosen that even- 
ing by the superintendent applies as much 
to himself as to either higher critics or 
Freemasons? For he regards an ex- 
posure of the damnable blasphemy of 
Freemasonry as a personality not to be 
tolerated in a public meeting. Yours 
trulv, W. Fenton. 



It is better to do good to those who are 
in need than to bestow benefactions on 
the opulent. 



112 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



OF INTEREST TO PARENTS AND STUDENTS. 



Few parents give adequate attention to 
.the kind of institution in which their child 
is to be educated. Sadder still, they allow 
their child to decide the question. The 
iinancial condition of an institution often- 
times has great force ; the number of its 
buildings, the perfection of its equipment 
liave great weight, and the character of 
its teaching force practically little. So far 
as the student is concerned, the character 
-of a president of a college is of more con- 
sequence than the equipment of the insti- 
tution. The impression which a scholar 
receives from him is often more import- 
ant than any other one influence that 
touches the student life. It sometimes 
happens, however, that a student must 
bear a cross if he goes to an institution 
having a president of strong moral char- 
acter, who believes in a Christian educa- 
tion, who maintains a sacred Sabbath, 
who holds the Bible to be the word of 
God, and who condemns the secret 
lodges as the enemies of both state and 
.church. 



TO COLLEGE PRESIDENTS. 



[The following is an extract from a letter to a 
number of College Presidents. Following this are 
extracts from the letters received in reply. ^Ed.] 

Dear Sir : Lodgism is a potent influ- 
cence in our country. Churches by it are 
being shorn of men and means. Six mil- 
lions of men in our country compose its 
membershijp. There are more than three 
hundred different denominations of 
lodges. Some of them are distinctly ri- 
vals of the church, and promise salva- 
tion and sanctification to the individual 
members, and at death the member goes, 
in the language of the burial service of 
the fraternal insurance order, the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, to "live in the 
eternal glories of his Maker." 

There ought to be an opportunity in the 
-educational institutions of our country to 
present this subject in a manner commen- 
surate with its importance. 

(i) The relation of lodgism to civil 
government. 

(2) The relation of lodgism to our Sa- 
•vior as a person. 

(3) The relation of lodgism to the 
work of the Holy Spirit. 



• (4) The relation of lodgism to the 
church. 

The above four subjects cannot be 
properly treated in less than four ad- 
dresses and then we have only begun to 
touch the hem of the garment. 

Will you not take up this matter in 
your Institution and give at least four 
or five consecutive addresses on this mat- 
ter to your students ? They are bound to 
meet lodgism wherever they go and 
should they not be prepared while they 
are students to deal intelhgently with this 
subject, and with the members of the 
lodges ? . 

Yours very respectfully, 

Wm. I. Phillips, 
General Secretary. 



LETTERS FROM COLLEGE PRESIDENTS 



Park ColleKe(Non- Sectarian), Parkville, Mo. 

"Lodgism, where it antagonizes the 
church or supplants it in the esteem of 
any, is certainly a serious evil, and as an 
institution makes itself a menace to our 
common life. We hope to see this and all 
forms of evil banished by the expelling 
power of a pure gospel. Very sincerely 
yours, J. E. McAfee." 



Charles City Colleare (jVIethodist Kpiscopal), 
Charles City, Iowa. 

"Your letter is at hand and is of inter- 
est to all thoughtful Christians. I shall 
gladly encourage the reading of good lit- 
erature on these subjects. Yours truly, 

"J. F. Hirsch." 



York College (United Brethren), York, Neb. 

"I am not a lodge man, but do not 
think it wise to champion an anti-lodge 
campaign in our city, as it would hinder 
York College in the great work it is doing 
for Christian education. Yours most 
truly, William E. Schell." 



Nebraska Wesleyan University (Methodist 
Kpiscopal), I'incoln. Neb. 

'T have no sympathy, myself, with 
lodgism. Yours sincerelv, 

*'D. W. Huntington." 



Olivet Collesre (Conccreeational), Olivet, 
Michigan. 

*T was for many years an Odd Fellow 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



113 



and I left the order because I had not 
time to waste upon dull meetings. I did 
not observe any change in my spiritual 
condition, like that indicated in your 
tract. Some evils are best dealt with by 
letting them alone. Very cordially vours, 

"W. G. Sperry." 



Simpson College (Methodist Kpiscopal)i In- 
dinnola« Iowa. 

"While a lodgeman myself, I am in 
hearty sympathy with the work you are 
doing, as I think that no one who has not 
been in touch with this work appreciates 
its dangers to the full extent as one who 
has seen it on the inside. 

''Wishing you success in the work you 
have undertaken, I am, very truly yours, 
"Chas. Eldred Shelton." 

The University of Chicago. 

"It is not the desire of the University 
trustees to have an address upon the 
subject referred to. Very truly yours, 
"Wilham R. Harper." 

Hope College (Reformed), Holland, Mich. 

"We are strongly opposed to secret so- 
cieties in our college. We prohibit all 
Greek letter fraternities. I am sorry to 
say that some of our people, I think, are 
■now running into the other extreme ; 
would exclude every secret society man 
from their churches ; and would not even 
allow the individiial church authorities to 
act according to their own judgment in 
the matter. I think it would not be wise 
to agitate this question any more at pres- 
ent, as it might engender schism and 
strife in the church. Sincerely yours, 

"G. J.'Kollen." 

<Graud Island College {Baptist), Grand Is- 
land, Nebraska. 

"I have never made an extensive study 
'Of lodgi'sm. I see very plainly, however, 
that lodges are subversive of the influ- 
'ences of the church. Very trulv yours, 

"Geo. Sutherland." 

"William Jewell College (Baptist!, Liberty, 
Missouri. 

"Lodgism is a very important subject. 
I have lectured on it in our college once 
•or twice myself. I think this the better 
'way to manage it in an institution. I 
think, however, if you wish to do exten- 
sive good in this work, that it would be 



well for you to have these four lectures 
published, so that they can be scattered 
all over the country. Yours very truly, 

"J. P. Greene." 

Macallester Colleee (Presbyterian), St. Paul» 
Minnesota* 

"I am opposed to the i,ooi secret so- 
cieties and we do not have them in our 
Institution. We shall be glad to receive 
the Cynosure. James Wallace." 

Coe College (Presbyterian), Cedar Rapids, la. 

"There are many other subjects so 
much more important that I doubt the 
wisdoim of expending too much time upon 
these themes. Sincerely yours, 

"S. B. McCormick." 



Adrian College, (Methodist Protestant), 
Adrian, Michigan. 

"I am no advocate of secret societies, 
whether 'oath-bound' or not, nor am I 
hostile to them. I can not see any need 
for a campaign against them. Sometimes 
students ask me concerning them, and I 
always give my candid judgment. I can 
not see that anything more is needed 
here. Sincerely, D. Jones." 



Milton College (Seventh-Day Baptist), Mil- 
ton, Wis. 

"This institution discourages its schol- 
ars from joining any secret society, and 
there is no tendency among them to do 
so. I shall be obliged to you if you will 
send the Christian Cynosure to the Read- 
ing Room of the college. Yours very 
truly, W. C. Whitford." 



Westfield College (United Brethren^ West- 
field, 111. 

"I regard the secret lodge as in many 
ways a hindrance to the best social and 
religious life. Most cordially vours, 

"W. S.Reece." 



Union College (Seventh-Day AdventiktS Col- 
lege View, Neb. 

"W^e have no doubt but what there are 
many excellent things that may be pre- 
sented in favor of the lodges, else there 
would not be so many good people con- 
nected with them. Our school manage- 
ment, however, do not feel free to con- 
nect with our school work any instruc- 
tion along that line at present. We have 
students in our school who belong to 



114 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August. 19a^. 



lodges. We do not wage a warfare 
against them, but endeavor to place be- 
fore them things which seem to us to be 
of greater importance, which should 
therefore occupy their time. Very re- 
spectfully, L. A. Hoopes." 



Des Moines College (Baptist), Des Moines, 

Iowa. 

''I heartily endorse any movement that 
will bring to light the real relation of 
men to the churc'h and to their lodges. I 
am convinced that one of the weakening 
influences of the present time in religious 
affairs is lodgism. Sincerely yours, 

"Geo. D. Adams." 



Doane College (ConsTregational), Crete, Neb, 

''I appreciate the good work you are 
doing and you have my sympathy. I 
should be very glad to have the subject 
of lodgism discussed before our students, 
but at present lectures and various kinds 
of public entertainrnents take all the time 
that we can give to our students for such 
purposes. We believe most thoroughly in 
informing our students and shall welcome 
the Christian Cynosure to our reading 
room. Yours cordiallv, 

' "D. B. Perry." 



Blackburn University (Presbyterian), Car- 
linvi^le, 111. 

''If President Blanchard is to be in this 
neighborhood, we should be glad to have 
him visit us. We should be glad to have 
the Cynoisure. Yours truly, 

"Walter H. Bradley, 
"Chairman oi Facultv." 



The gold in the quartz is valuable, but 
the gold purified by fire is more valuable. 
The ordeal of suffering makes the good 
more beautiful. It is the smelting of the 
ore. 



Life is not made up of great sacrifices 
or duties, but of little things, of which 
smiles and kindness and small obligations, 
given habitually, are what win and pre- 
serve the heart. — Sir Humphrey Davy. 



Our moral natures are swung at most 
delicate balance and the weight of an im- 
moral suggestion may disturb the equi- 
poise forever. 



Eight candidate^- caugjit cheating iiii 
entrance examination papers at Princeton 
University were^ forever debarred from 
entering institution; 



KEEP GROWING. 



Do not stop studying just because 
you have been graduated. Do not lay- 
out so much work for yourself — as most 
graduates do — that you cannot complete- 
any of it, but resolutely determine, at 
the very outset, that you will devote at: 
least a few minutes a day to self-im- 
provement. Do not let a day pass with- 
out at least a glimpse of a good book. 
Try to treasure up a bit of poetry, a. 
helpful maxim or motto, a little history, 
or something else which will exercise the- 
mind so that it will not stagnate. 

Whatever you do, determine that you 
will keep out of ruts. You 'have plenty 
of examples about you,, of men and 
women who have been graduated withi 
as much determination, perhaps, to keep 
up their studies, as you now have, and 
yet have dropped into the worst' kind of 
ruts, letting all the beauty and poetry 
die out of their lives. 

Many great men, like Darwin, have 
been suddenly surprised, in their old- 
age, to find that their passionate love for 
poetry, for music and for works of art 
has practically disappeared for lack of 
exercise. 

Whatever may be your vocation in 
life, resolve that you will not get into a 
rut ; that you will keep growing ; that, 
when you retire from the active duties of 
life, you will have something to retire to, 
and not feel utterly lost and alone in the 
world when your regular occupation is 
gone. 
—Success. 

This advice is sound and is also ap- 
plicable to non-graduates. There is no 
one who could not thus become self 
taught. Nothing is more in the way 
than some false notion, for instance, that 
because one did not get a good start in 
school he cannot start now; or that, be- 
cause he did not study much when 
young, he cannot study now at all. Such- 
whims must be abjured. Old lawyers 
study new cases, new precedents and 
new enactments. Instead, of learning; 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



115; 



the rigmarole of the Grange and fake 
insurance orders, give your attention to 
something worthy of your mind ; save 
the time you fritter away at lodge meet- 
ings and banquets, so that presently, in- 
stead of deploring the incompleteness of 
distant youth, you can enjoy a ripening 
maturity or augmenting age. 



METHODIST UNIVERSITY, EVANSTON 



The Chicago Inter Ocean of June 4 
contained an article regarding the ex- 
penses of a young woman student who 
attended the Northwestern University at 
Evanston, which shows some figures 
that speak louder than words in declar- 
ing the worldliness that is sapping the 
Christian vitality of that Methodist in- 
stitution of learning. 

The educational expenses as given by 
the Inter Ocean were: Tuition, $70; 
board and room, $215; books, $25; in- 
cidental expenses, $50; total, $360. The 
social expenses w^ere : College dances, 
$100; games, social accessories, $175; 
flowers, $30 ; carriages, $75 ; total, $380. 

Commenting on the state of afifairs 
revealed by these and similar facts the 
Inter Ocean says : 

''Fears of the faculty that the school 
is becoming Parisian in its gayety and 
that the halls* dedicated to learning are 
being transformed into salons of society, 
thus inflicting heavy burdens upon the 
young woman who would follow the 
same pace, have led to an investigation, 
the results of which the above figures 
set forth. 

''Social duties, instead of remaining 
subservient to those of the class room, 
have asserted themselves so strongly 
that they are in danger of crowding out 
the duller part of modern college life.. 
After nightfall, cabs rattle through the 
Evanston avenues, carrying young men 
in full dress and young women gowned 
for the ball room, who enter brilliantly 
lighted and decorated dance halls. In 
the afternoon, even, carriages throng the 
entrance of the co-ed dormitories, where 
receptions and teas are being hejd. 

"This all costs money, and the profes- 
sors of the Evanston institution have be- 
come alarmed to find that it costs as 



much or more than the price of a good 
college education. 

"What can be done about it ? The 
professors are at a loss to know. They 
have tried curtailing the number of so- 
cial entertainments given by the student 
organizations, but they cannot prevent a 
dozen private functions being held each 
week. When the disturbed instructors 
keep guard over the clubs and the dance 
halls in Evanston, a coterie of students 
skip away to Winnetka or Roger's Park^ 
and there make merry, far from the su- 
pervising eyes of the faculty." 



As Christmas, 1901, was drawing 
near Pres. W. R. Harper, so a Chicago^ 
daily paper asserted, was sorely troubled 
over the standing of the class of 1905 be- 
cause of their low scholarship. This, ac- 
cording to the daily, members of the fac- 
ulty and upper classmen at the university 
ascribed to the injurious effects of "rush- 
ing" tactics on the part of the Greek let- 
ter fraternities. A regulation of the uni- 
versity which was formulated by Dr.. 
Harper when he issued his permission to- 
the national fraternities to establish chap- 
ters at the university prohibits a student 
from joining any secret society until he 
has completed three months' work. This 
rule, however, does not prevent the fra- 
ternities from rushing the new men whom 
they desire to pledge and initiate after the 
Christmas holidays, and consequently 
throughout the autumn quarter a merr}^ 
competition is waged by the different fra- 
ternities in bidding for the favor of de- 
sirable members of the freshmen class. 
The article closed with this declaration: 
It is expected that the numerous fail- 
ures this year will lead to more stringent 
rules governing the number of social af- 
fairs. The secret society men, however, 
have gained more confidence in the stabil- 
ity of their existence at the universitv 
since the announcement that Dr. Harper 
has joined the Masonic order. 



Since (lod is back of all things there 
can be nothing but infinite love in the 
darkest providences. 



Help bestowed on the worthy 'will bear 
richer fruit than ever grew on the tree of 
selfish indulgence. 



IIG 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



NON-FRATERNITY ORGANIZATION. 



Macon University, Macan, Ga. 

Macon, Ga., June i6, 1903. 
Mr. Wm. I. Phillips, Chicago, 111. : 

Dear Sir : It affords me much pleasure 
•to tell you of our Non-Fraternity Organi- 
-zation here at Mercer University. 

When I came here four years ago, I 
found a pretty strong sentiment among 
the "Nons" against fraternities. To my 
.great satisfaction, it continued to grow 
until last year, 1901-1902, it culminated 
in a permanent organization of the 
""Nons." All the students except those 
belonging to fraternities are considered 
members, and, happily, most of them are 
active, enthusiastic workers. Our meet- 
ings are public and our deliberations 
open, even the faculty being welcome to 
attend should they desire. 

Our purposes are to prevent a monop- 
oly of college politics on the part of the 
fraternities, and to deter new men from 
joining them, thereby reducing them to 
such small numbers in the course of a few 
years that we can petition the trustees to 
remove them. Heretofore committees 
from the different fraternities have met 
the trains durittg the opening days and 
taken off such men as they wanted and 
could decoy and initiated them into the 
fraternities even before the first chapel 
meeting. Then, too, they secured men 
all along during the college year. If a 
man was a hard worker and by dint of 
his own genius and effort had raised 
himself in the esteem of the student 
bo'dy, he was besieged by some frater- 
nity, and in an unsuspecting hour led to 
join them, to lend dignity to their undig- 
nified order. But now, we, too, have a 
committee on new students, which meets 
the trains and speaks to the young men, 
asking them to delay joining fraternities 
Tjntil they have had time for investiga- 
tion, at least. We secure their promises 
to do this where we can. Then we have 
-a public meeting as soon as they pretty 
^ell all get here, at which the history and 
purposes of our organization are. fully 
•set forth, together with the nature and 
purposes of the fraternities. And let me 
say, by way of parenthesis, that we han- 
dle the matter with gloves off. 

What have we accomplished? Last 



year, at the close of the college year, the 
'Trats" numbered, all told, I think, about 
one hundred and twenty-five. This year, 
at the close of the college year, they num- 
bered about seventy-five, a larger per cent 
being old men. Besides, the "Nons" 
have had control of college politics here 
this year, and we have taken most of the 
places. You may not think this right, but 
we thought best not to allow the frater- 
nities to hold out any hope to an ambi- 
tious fellow. And I may add that they 
have not secured a single man since the 
opening that bids fair to reach distinc- 
tion in college. 

(An open, above-board contest for hon- 
ors based upon merit is right. — Ed.) 

We have gone about this matter in a 
rather systematic way for next year. We 
have had letter heads printed to give 
prominence to the movement. We are 
going to publish a circular letter in type- 
written form during the summer and 
send it to all prospective students. 

Our chief objection to college fraterni- 
ties is not the social lines that they draw 
nor their attempt to dominate politics, but 
the narrowing influence which they exer- 
icse over the individual. A college man is 
entitled to the widest development of 
which he is capable, but fraternities deny 
him this right. This movement is not at 
Mercer University alone, which is a col- 
lege under the auspices of the Baptist de- 
nomination in Georgia, but an open rup- 
ture nas oroKcn out between the "Nons" 
and 'Trats" at Emery College, a Metho- 
dist institution in Georgia, and the gulf 
is continually widening at the State Uni- 
versity and other colleges of less note in 
the State. Then, too, it is my impres- 
sion that a like -sentiment is growing in 
other Southern States, though I cannot 
vouch for the authenticity of this state- 
ment. It is our purpose to open corre- 
spondence with the other colleges of the 
State next year. I hope it can be made 
an intercollegiate movement, and from 
that an interstate movement, and from 
that an international movement, until this 
planet shall be girded with the principles 
of universal brotherhood and every col- 
lege fraternity shall be extinct where 
their real purpose — it matters not what 
their ostensible purpose is — -is what it is 
shown to be here. 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



117 



We have meetings and discussions dur- 
ing the college year to keep the matter 
before the boys ; and our organization will 
be dissolved when fraternities are extin- 
guished. 



Geo. W. Light. 



WHAT WHEATON COLLEGE STANCS 

FOR. 



Extract from an Address by Rev. J. M. Fos- 
ter, of BostoM, May 20, 1903, in Collesre 
Chapel. 

A long-cherished wish to visit Wheaton 
College is now gratified. The honored 
father and predecessor of President 
Blanchard, whose record in the anti-slav- 
ery conflict and in the anti-secrecy war 
iTiade him the cynosure of all through the 
land, has made this college a city sci up- 
on a hill, which cannot be hid. This is 
not an academy or high school, which 
fills an important place in preparing stu- 
dents for advanced work. It is not a 
university, which is fast becoming a syn- 
dicate of endowed departments for train- 
ing specialists, and in them a liberal ed- 
ucation is becoming a lost art. This is 
a Christian College, and stands as a bul- 
wark against the incoming tide of secu- 
lar education. Christian men laid the 
foundations of this college in prayer to 
God, and it is destined to be a power 
that makes for righteousness in the 
Kingdom of Him who is the Truth. 

Wheaton College stands for Chris- 
tian scholarship. Plato, in his Republic, 
defines education as the development 
and culture of the whole man, physical, 
mental and moral, so that the man is 
master of himself and can use his powers 
wisely; that is, in the use of the best 
means for the accomplishment of the 
best ends. The boxer, the baseball play- 
er and the regatta team have their bodies 
under control, and can use them effi- 
ciently. A sound body is desirable, and 
is essential to the greatest efficiency; but 
it is not an education. College athletics 
are good in their place. But they are 
being overworked. A good thing abused 
becomes a curse and not a blessing. In- 
dustrial departments are unspeakably 
better for manual training than college 
teams for play. 

But all this is secondary in a college 
course to the development and discipline 



of the mind. Students are here to learn; 
and think, to hold up two ideas before 
the mind and compare them. x\nd let 
me say that there is nothing that can 
take the place of the ancient classics for 
this purpose. This modern fad of doing 
away with Greek and Latin, because they 
are dead languages, is a fatal blunder. 
Mastering those languages is your men- 
tal athletics. They give you the use of 
your mental powers as nothing else can. 
And let me say that the smaller college^ 
where professors are acquainted with 
their students and give personal attention 
to each one in the classroom, affords un- 
speakable advantage over the large 
classes of the university, where pro- 
fessors and students are strangers, where 
students listen to lectures without per- 
sonal drill, and where too often the ex- 
aminations are prepared for by coaching 
and cramming a few days and nights be- 
fore. Secretary Root, a graduate of 
Hamilton College, New York, said: 'T 
consider the small college the prime fac- 
tor in our educational system. I would 
rather have my boy graduate from my 
alma mater than from the most widely 
heralded university in the land." 

But a sound -mind in a sound body is 
not an education, though they are indis- 
pensable to an education. An educated 
villain is the most dangerous man that 
infests society. The infernal machine 
that wrecks the ship at sea is the product 
of his work. He is the Moody Merrill 
who spoiled Boston, the Boss Tweed 
who exploited New York, the man who 
forms trusts that rob the public, or the 
unscrupulous labor leader who persuades 
men to go out on strikes that injure 
themselves and wrong the public. 

Man is first and last and all the time 
a moral being; and an education that 
overlooks this fails to take into account 
the most important part of human na- 
ture. The man who has not been taught 
to love the Lord with all his heart and 
soul and strength and mind, and liis 
neighbor as himself, cannot be reckoned 
as a Christian scholar. Wordsworth 
complained in his day that "Plain liv- 
ing and high thinking are no more.'" 
Shairp retorts that in our day high liv- 
ing and plain thinking are the all-in-all. 
The Christian scholar rates the spiritual 



118 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



above the material. To be good, to do 
good and to get good are more impor- 
tant than to become a milHonaire. ''He 
that ruleth his spirit is greater than he 
that taketh the city." ''If a man gain 
the whole world, and lose his own soul, 
what doth it profit?" 

Wheaton College places the Bible at 
tlie foundation of its educational work. 
Here it is read and studied and prac- 
ticed. Christian parents can send their 
:boys and girls here, and feel satisfied 
that thev will breathe a healthful atmos- 
;phere and be surrounded by influences 
that will promote their growth into 
'Christian manhood and womanhood, 
"That as the plants our sons may be, in 
youth grown up that are: Our daugh- 
ters like to corner stones, carved in a 
palace fair," 



In confirmation of the statement often 
made that State Universities are Christ- 
less institutions and breeding places of 
infidelity, we quote the following from 
Briney's Monthly for June : 

It lias readied our ears, through a thor- 
<ougMy reliable source, that a preacher in 
Missouri says that nine young men in his 
county went to the University of Missouri 
ardent believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, 
;and returned to their homes infidels. This 
■suggests a most deplorable state of things in 
the university, from the standpoint of spirit- 
ual matters. That Christian parents vv^ill 
•expose their children to the deadly effects of 
such a upas tree, is remarkably strange, and 
suggests the possibility that the true condi- 
tion of affairs in that institution is not gen- 
erally known, and it is time for tjae facts to 
be brought to light. Why is it that young 
men reared in Christian homes, and in- 
;structed into the kingdom of Christ, return 
from an institution supported by the money 
of Christian people, with their faith in Him 
gone, and their hope through Him shatter- 
ed? It is the outcome of the law of cause 
and effect. The cause must be in the insti- 
tution, and the sad effect is seen and ex- 
perienced in the Christian homes from 
which Christian boys go to attend the in- 
stitution, and return with the dark specter 
of infidelity dancing in their brains. Are 
the Christian people of Missouri willing to 
put up with such a condition of things in 
their university? 



tbttortal^ 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor 
221 West Madison Street, Chicago 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTIOIM 

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DiSCONTINUAiMCES-We find that a large number of 
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PRESEiMTATIOlM COPIES-Many persons subscribe for 
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ensuing- year* 



Married, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
David C. Cook, Elgin, Illinois, Hannah 
Williston, daughter of Mr, and Mrs. Ezra 
A. Cook of Chicago, to Mr. Harvey Kin- 
sey Boyer of Muscatine, Iowa. 



ANTI-TEMPERANCE PLEDGE. 



"Few men may be theologians ; but all 
men may be Christians." 



"I, the undersigned, hereby declare 
myself willing and ready to become a 
member in good faith of an organization 
whose aim and object is to avail itself of 
all legitimate means for the repeal or 
modification of the present prohibitory 
laws, and willing to support and abide 
by the constitution and by-laws of such 
an organization. I further pledge my 
most sacred honor not to reveal any- 
thing" pertaining to such order if I 
should become or cease to be a 
member thereof, and to subscribe to a 
solemn oblig'ation to keep inviolate the 
foregoing pledge." 

This pledge was signed by candidates 
for the Mystic Brotherhood of Kansas, 
one of the swarm of fraternal promoters 
of charity, fraternity, brotherly love, 
good morals, good citizenship and so on. 
Adam founded this ancient Kansas or- 
der, and founded it on the yet unwritten 
Bible. 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



119 



THE WHY OF FRATERNITIES. 



BY REV. GEO. ALFRED WICKWIRE. 



When we see a great movement sweep- 
ing over a country we ask ourselves, what 
brought it about ? for we know that we 
are not Hving in a world of chance, but 
that results must come from adequate 
•cause. So with the great fraternal move- 
ment of the last fifty years, it is not rea- 
sonable to suppose that it has come about 
without cause. To say that it is of the 
devil and is caused by special activity of 
his Satanic majesty does not explain. 

It is the purpose of this article to see if 
we can find sufficient cause for the result, 
and to suggest a method of eliminating 
the evils of the lodge system and at the 
same time retain the good. For if the 
lodge is to be superseded, those who are 
working to that end should understand 
what brought about the present condi- 
tions and wherein dies the strength of 
f raternalism. 

No idea has ever taken hold of a large 
number of people but what has as its 
foundation some truth, however much the 
truth may be covered by error ; and it us- 
ually owes its success to the emphasis of 
a truth at the time largely overlooked. 
Take for instance Christian Science, 
which has for its truth the influence of 
mind over body, a demonstrable truth, 
but one that was largely overlooked. So 
we may say that the fundamental truth of 
fraternalism is that of brotherhood, too 
• often overlooked by the church and so- 
ciety; one in all its far-reaching meaning 
not yet fully put in practice. 

With the consciousness of brotherhood 
the idea of association also came, and the 
knowledge that they could do for them- 
selves and others through association 
what they could not do by themselves, 
and which neither the church nor so- 
ciety were doing. That brotherhood to 
be workable must be limited. In the 
early church that institution seems to 
have met all man's needs, but the church 
with its growth in power seems in a large 
measure to have lost the spirit of help- 
fulness on the non-spiritual side, which 
it has not yet fully regained. 

There alsorcame the desire for the as- 



sociations and good fellowship of the 
lodge. The Civil war gave a great im- 
petus to the fraternal movement, and we 
may trace it to the associations and fel- 
lowship of the camp. 

There is an attraction in the lodge for 
most men. This is not wholly in its mys- 
teries, nor is it in the horse-play of some 
initiations, for those initiations are the 
most attractive in which horse-plav is 
minimized or eliminated and the cere- 
mony marked by beauty of ritual and 
perfection of work. The horse-play in 
practically all orders is but a side issue 
and meant to impress some lesson. Also 
with a certain class the play of the initia- 
tion is attractive, for men are but grown 
up boys. 

Then the order does certain things for 
its members. The lodge man knows that 
upon every other member of the order he 
has claims that will be recognized ; that 
should any disaster overtake him help 
will be extended freely and heartily. I 
have seen it often said that this help is 
extended even to the extent of aiding him 
to escape punishment for violation of the 
laws of the land ; I do not know how it is 
with all orders, but I do know that in one 
large order if such help should be given 
it would be contrary to the laws of the 
order. 

Again, the lodge man knows that his 
dear ones will be taken care of and he. 
himself, will be if he comes to old age 
in want or becomes helpless. There is 
an odium connected with charitable insti- 
tutions conducted by the state which is 
absent from the homes conducted by the 
orders. One feels disgraced if obliged to 
go to the poor-house, while one feels that 
it is right that he should be taken care of 
by his order as the old soldier thinks it 
proper that the country he defended 
should give him a home if he becomes de- 
pendent. 

These causes may all he said to have 
their root in selfishness, yet it should be 
remembered that selfishness has been a 
powerful factor in the development of 
the race ; and that there are gradations in 
selfishness, and that what the fraternal 
man seeks for himself he also helps to 
give to others. If this world were per- 
fect and conditions ideal selfishness would 
be eliminated ; but so long as humanitv is 



120 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



imperfect selfishness will have to be reck- 
oned with. 

The most potent factor in increasing 
fraternal membership is the insurance or- 
ders which are a product of the past 
twenty-five years and which have at 
present a membership of over four mil- 
lion. Whatever one may think aboiit the 
advisability of this kind oi insurance, it 
cannot be denied that these millions have 
had a cheap protection and that hundreds 
of thousands of widows and orphans have 
had financial help in their hour of need 
which otherwise would not have been 
received. Moreover, the fraternal fea- 
tures, which in time of death is made 
prominent, draws men into these orders. 

That there are evils in the lodge system 
few will deny ; but it is no less true that 
there is good. In combating the evil it 
is the part of wisdom to recognize the 
good, for the strength of the lodge lies in 
it, and to give men something that will 
meet the needs which the orders do, with- 
out their evils. 

Condemning the lodge and gaining 
here and there a convert from them will 
not solve the problem ; for the lodge gains 
a dozen members to every one that is won 
away from it. If in the conflict of the 
lodge the church takes second place, then 
it must needs be that there is a drawing 
power in the lodge that the church does 
not possess; and if the church is to be 
all-in-all it must in the future meet all 
of man's needs in a way that it has not 
done in the past. 

We are learning that in reformatory 
work it is not enough to take the evil 
away and leave a vacuum, but there must 
be some good to take its place. So that 
in temperance work we do not consider 
it enough to drive out the saloon and get 
men to sign the pledge, but if the work is 
to be effective something must be put in 
the reach of those to whom the social fea- 
tures of the saloon are its chief attraction, 
and which will meet this need without the 
evils that are connected with the saloon. 
So in anti-lodge work something must 
take the place of the lodge, which shall 
equally as well if not better meet the de- 
sires and needs to which the lodge min- 
isters. 

Secrecy, while to many the most prom- 
inent, is in reality one of the less essen- 



tial features of the lodge. Organizations 
could do all the work of the orders with 
the secret part left out. We have the 
Christian Endeavor, the Epworth League,, 
the Young Men's and Young Women's 
Christian Associations, all having certain 
pledges, but yet not secret, and doing a 
great work along certain lines. The Y. 
M. C. A. has its membership card which 
gives certain privileges to its holder, so 
the noii-secret order might have its card 
which would take the place of signs,, 
grips and passwords. 

It is said that Michael Angelo once en- 
tered a chapel where Raphael was fres- 
coing; he noticed that the figures were 
too small for the room, so he took a 
crayon and on the ceiling drew a large 
human head, saying, "I criticize by con- 
struction not by destruction." So unless 
they want to fight ''as one that beateth 
the air," the anti-lodge forces must tear 
down by building up a better structure 
than the one demolished. 

A fraternal insurance organizer wavS. 
once met by the pastor of a church that 
does not believe in orders ; the pastor said 
to him that he was engaged in a very 
bad business. The organizer replied, ''On 
the contrary I am in a very good busi- 
ness, making it possible for men to so in- 
sure their lives that if they die and leave 
wife and children they will have some 
means of support ;" then turning to the 
pastor he asked, "What would your 
church do in like circumstances?" the 
pastor replied, "We would take a collec- 
tion for them." Until the church and the 
anti-lodge people have something better 
to offer than an uncertain collection we 
need not be surprised that men should 
choose the certainties of the order in- 
stead of the uncertainties of the others. 



REPLY TO "WHY OF FRATERNITIES.'* 



This article from Brother Wickwire is 
an interesting and impressive argument 
for Secret Associations. It puts all the 
reasons for such organizations strongly 
and is not marred by lying and false pre- 
tensions which so often mark arguments 
for lodgism. 

That there must be a reason for any 
widespread movement goes without say- 
ing. That some good results, from everv 



Angnst, 1'903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



121 



.such movement, is also unquestioned ; no 
fisherman works without bait, but the ar- 
ticle exhibits all the weakness of the 
cause which it advocates. 

In the first place, it shows that the prin- 
cipal thought of all these associations is 
material assistance. Now material relief 
is the Christian duty in cases of need and 
is furnished by the Christian church- to- 
day without any trumpet blowing to a far 
greater extent probably, than by all the 
lodges in the world. The quiet, unobtru- 
sive charities of Christianity are without 
number and beyond calculation. But the 
great work of Christianity never has, 
never will, and never should be the con- 
tribution of money. "Silver and gold 
have I none," said the Apostle, "what I 
have I give." What did he give? Heal- 
ing and strength, so that the man who ex- 
pected to sit a cripple and receive aid 
was made well and strong to go about the 
world, earn his own living and help oth- 
ers. That is the great work of the church 
so far as material relief is concerned. 

Industry, economy, cheerful faith, and 
generosity are the road to success. Idle- 
ness, extravagance, murmuring and self- 
ish greed have always produced misery 
and always will, and no multiplication of 
benefit orders will ever reverse this un- 
changing law. There is probably no one 
force operating to-day on wage earners 
which tends to prevent them from owning 
their own houses and saving money for 
old age which compares for a moment 
with the Secret Society movement, which 
tempts them to say, "I do not have to 
save. The lodge will take care of me." 

Second, this mistaken idea works as all 
mistakes do, unsuccessfully. These very 
orders which are going to help men by 
giving them money which they have not 
earned instead of teaching them to eani 
and save, are constructed on such a finan- 
cial plan that they necessarily fail. Men 
get a cheap insurance when they are 
young and ought not to need any. They 
get a dear insurance or none at all when 
they are old. The result is that the or- 
ders break down, not by scores but by 
hundreds and thousands, millions of 
money standing as insurance at the time 
when they cease to be. 

In addition to the necessary downward 
drag, there is the added fact that the 



treasurers of these associations are, in 
many instances, untrustworthy persons, 
so that the funds disappear even before 
the orders die. There are, of course, dif- 
ferences in management. Some of them 
are more worthily engineered than oth- 
ers, but that this is the case we all know. 

But the last word in regard to these 
organizations is always that they are anti- 
Christian, that they do not at all content 
themselves with a plan for relief. They 
get up burial services, printed prayers, 
write up moral lectures and produce the 
impression upon the average member that 
if he will obey his lodge, he will be safe 
for time and eternity. This is the de- 
cisive argument. If the insurance was 
good and men could get the relief they 
plan for they would buy it at high cost 
if the result was the loss of the soul. 
"What shall it profit a man if he gain the 
whole world and lose his own soul, or be 
a cast-away ?" 

Brother Wickwire says that the lodges 
must be supplanted by some provision for 
the social and financial needs of men. If 
the church does not furnish this, the 
lodges will continue to flourish. We 
have a similar argument for worldly 
amusements. We are told that it is the 
business of the church to see to it that 
young people have pleasures, and that if 
we object to dancing, card-playing, thea- 
ter-going and the like, we must put 
something else in their place. 

In many instances this sort of work is 
now undertaken and the churches leav- 
ing their ordained work as teachers of 
the Divine Truth, are seeking to provide 
amusements for young people. We are 
satisfied that this method of reasoning is 
fallacious and vain. It is the duty of the 
church to make men Christ-like. When 
they are so they will delight in the prayer- 
meeting. They will find their social 
needs met and their entire natures quick- 
ened and purified by it. Amusement was 
never intended to be the business of life. 
Normal amusements spring up of them- 
selves. As soon as play is made a busi- 
ness it becomes corrupting. There are 
thousands of persons to-day raising boys 
and girls who are a terror and shame to 
the communities in which they live, sim- 
ply because they are not taught to obey 
and work. Lazy, lawless, irreverent 



122 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



boys and girls grow up into the wrong 
sort of men and women. 

Brother Wickwire, we believe, is a cler- 
gyman. If so, we suggest to him to^ think 
whether the Holy Spirit comprehended 
the needs of men when he devised the 
Christian Church. If He did, then Secret 
Societies, under whatever pretense they 
may be organized, are outside of the Di- 
vine Spirit and will work evil when all is 
said and done. 



A FRATERNAL GREETING. 



[According to promise, we herewith publish a 
synopsis of President C. A. Blanchard's address 
and Superintendent Hart's reply before the Free 
Methodist General Conference held in Greenville, 
111., last June.— Ed.] 

President Blanchard's Address, 

Mr. Chairman, Brethren and Sisters : I 
have never before had the privilege of 
being the guest oi this body, but I am 
very glad for many reasons to be with 
you. For more than thirty years it has 
been my pleasure from time to time to 
meet certain brethren who are on this 
floor in the warfare for truth against er- 
r6r, for light against darkness, and you 
know soldiers come to have a fellow feel- 
ing for one another. When men have 
been under fire together, they never feel 
toward on another just exactly as they do 
toward one another just exactly as they do 
pleasure for me to take by the hand some 
of these dear brethren with whom I have 
been privileged to campaign in days 
which are gone. 

I am also very glad to be with you be- 
cause of your own distinctive history. I 
think it is a great thing to have a body 
of people in this world willing to stand 
or fail on the proposition that the gospel 
is intended to help men to live holy lives 
and that men who profess to, ought to do 
it, and this always involves a cross and a 
separation from the world. I do not wish 
to criticize any others, but I am free to 
say that as I read the history of your 
church, as I have ccme in contact with 
your ministers and members as I have 
been privileged to, it has seemed to me 
that this is the disposition and spirit of 
your people. While I think we may per- 
haps make too much sometimes of what- 
ever we possess, I do not think we can 
ever think too much of the principle that 



a Christian man is by that token separated 
from the world that crucified Jesus 
Christ. 

I rejoice in the standard which God has 
enabled you tO' lift up to rally around, and 
as I have asked one and another whence 
he comes and have heard of you as scat- 
tered all over this great land of ours, 
brought to this present idea of power in 
such a marvelous way by the providence 
of God, it has encouraged and strength- 
ened my heart to think of the fires that 
you are- lighting from one end' of our 
good country to the other. The testimony 
that you are bearing is for the word of 
God, for the honor of Jesus Christ, for 
the work oi the Holy Spirit. 

I do not always have the pleasure of 
speaking to a congregation that is in , 
hearty sympathy with the association 
which I have the honor here to represent, 
but I suppose I am not this morning 
speaking to a single individual who' is not 
in hearty sympathy with the work to 
which God has called us. 

There is a reason for everything we 
see. W^e may not always see the reason,, 
but always there is a reason. Now, I dO' 
not wish to be extravagant. Some people 
who do not know me well think occasion- 
ally that I am, but I profess always to be 
an exceedingly moderate man. I aspire 
to be cool and careful in judgment and im 
speech. I do not wish to say anything 
here to-day to cause me to change this, 
good opinion which I have of myself.. 
( Laughter. ) 

Now what institution is there in this: 
country at this time which is making a 
business of breaking down the confidence- 
of the people in the law of God, in the- 
word of God, in the church of God? If 
you know any system that is doing it the- 
way the lodge system is doing it I should! 
be very glad to have you name it to me.. 
The labor organizations which are pro- 
fessing in these days to guard the rights, 
of the laboring man do not seem to re- 
' member that there has been no safety for 
the laboring man anywhere outside the- 
Christian church. 

If he were in India to-day he would' 
get one and one-half, two, three or five 
cents a day for his work. A contractor 
told me that in a building transaction he- 
has lost three hundred dollars. I said,. 



August. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



123 



"I am sorry. Why did you lose money? 
Did you figure wrong?" He said, '*No, 
the price was all right, but I had to pay 
the workmen seventy cents an hour for 
laying brick, and they only laid half the 
number of brick an honest workman 
would lay in an hour." 

We are here in a country where it 
seems as if all the foundations are going 
out. In every city, in every hamlet there 
are these secret societies with the pre- 
tense that they are going to satisfy the 
minds of men and that they are going to 
do it in some way that God has not him- 
self pointed out. Then take the Hquor 
business. The liquor business and the se- 
cret lodge in whatever place I have 
known them are twins. You cannot touch 
one without striking the other.. 

There is another thing I would like to 
say and that is this. I have thought one 
of the greatest sins of the church is 
doubting the triumph of God. When I 
was a boy and when slavery was law in 
the United States everywhere, they said 
to me it was all right to be opposed to 
slavery, but you could not do anything. 
It is here and here to stay. They have 
got slaves ; they have got power ; they 
have got wealth ; they have got political 
influence. Even abolitionists thought the 
day of victory was far in the future. Wen- 
dell Phillips said it would take perhaps 
one hundred years to work that problem 
out. 

Harriet Beecher Stowe, the woman 
who wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin," at one 
time said that she had no idea that either 
she or her daughter would live to see the 
slaves set at liberty, but she thought that 
perhaps her daughter's child would, and 
yet Harriet Beecher Stowe lived a gener- 
ation after slavery was abolished. 

Do you know it seems most wonderful 
whajt God does through people who go 
into action with him. Go into action. Do 
not lie off behind the breastworks, but 
just climb right over the breastworks and 
go into action. I have known of the Holy 
Spirit working as mightily through a 
child of five years as -through any old sol- 
dier of the cross. We want to get into 
action. 

Now, brethren, in our National Asso- 
ciation we are simply trying to gather up 
the people who are willing to go into ac- 



tion. We feel that God is wonderfully 
blessing us in our work. If you will take 
hold with us God will help us and you 
will be surprised to see what can be done. 
We have got a great Captain going before 
us. He says take your cross and come 
after me. 

It does me good to see you. I will go 
to my work stronger, and I hope God 
will bless you and stir you up, and give 
you more courage and more faith than 
ever before ; and as you go forward you 
will find that He will be faithful and true 
and give you the victory. Amen. 



Superintendent E. P. Hart's Keply. 

The words of our dear brother have 
been an inspiration to us. More than 
forty years ago when I started out to 
preach the gospel I would sometimes lose 
the thread of my discourse, but I never 
got entirely swamped, for w^hen I did not 
know what else to say I fell back on my 
experience. I have no set speech, but I 
fall back on my experience. 

I had just reached my majority when 
I sent in an application in a town about 
sixty miles west of Chicago to unite witli 
the Masonic lodge. It took the commit- 
tee they appointed two weeks to find out 
whether I was worthy and w'ell qualified, 
and when the meeting of the lodge came,, 
there being no black balls in the box, 
they took me up into an ante-room and 
there I was duly and truly prepared. I 
was neither clothed nor naked, neither 
bare-foot nor shod. I had the cable 
around my neck and a bandage over my 
eyes. I was led in the hall and hood- 
winked. I was duly initiated, and then- 
passed to the degree of fellowcraft. and 
after that by a strong grasp of the lion's 
paw I was raised by the five points of fel- 
lowship to the sublime degree of a master 
mason. 

I remember when they led me up be- 
fore the Master just before the conclud- 
ing exercises of the occasion the Master 
said to me solemnly, *T suppose you con- 
sider yourself a Master Mason." The 
conductor told me what to say, and I said, 
"Yes, sir." "Well," he said, *T am sorry 
to inform you there is a rough and dr\n- 
gcrous road before you." I was taken 
around the hall, having been knocked 
over with a piece of pasteboard rolled up« 



J 



124 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



T>y some of the brothers behind me, and 
finally laid away in the grave with the 
"chairs piled over me. I represented 
Hiram who had been slain but who was 
not to be found. After a search in and 
■ about the assembly my abode was discov- 
ered and I was brought out. I remember 
as I stood before the Master and he in- 
quired what I most desired, my conduc- 
tor whispered in my ear, "More light." I 
was not just like the man I read of who 
was in that position and when the Mas- 
ter inquired, "What do you most desire?" 
he said, "I want my pants and to go home 
to my wife." (Cheer after cheer and 
great hand clapping.) 

I made a very good Master Mason, 
and they elected me as secretary of the 
-lodge. I got to such depths of sin and 
iniquity that even what the brother has 
told us of the remarkable power of Ma- 
sonry was not able to save me, and I 
called on God for mercy and salvation, 
and God heard my cry. He brought me 
up from the pit and set my feet upon a 
rock and put a song in my mouth. 

I never entered a lodge of Masons but 
-once after I was converted, and then I 
went in order to pay over tO' the treasurer 
money I had in my hands as secretary. 
After a while the Master of the lodge, 
meeting me on the street, said to me that 
a special meeting had been ordered and 
requested me to attend. He said some 
members had not been attending, and had 
failed to pay their dues. I said to him, "I 
will either be present or write you a leL- 
ter." When the time came I wrote the 
letter and sent it to the lodge. I remem- 
ber I said to him that I had consecrated 
myself to God and the advancement of 
the kingdom of Jesus Christ in this world, 
and that I was satisfied that Masonrv^ 
was in opposition to that kingdom, and 
as an honest man I could have nothing 
more to do with it ; and then I added in 
Masonic language, "You can take due 
notice hereof and govern yourselves ac- 
cordingly." Not long after that I re- 
ceived a notice that I was expelled from 
the lodge for non-payment of dues and 
ether gross unmasonic conduct. I never 
found out what that was unless it was 
getting salvation. 

In the fall of 1867 I had the privilege 
•of attending the Illinois conference. Jon- 



athan Blanchard, the honored father of 
our brother who has addressed us to-day 
was present at the conference and spoke 
words of encouragement to us. An ac- 
tion taken at that conference was the be- 
ginfting of the association which the 
brother has so ably represented before us 
to-day. We stood there in 1867. We 
stand there with increased emphasis in 
T903, and we are looking to God for the 
abolition of this and all other evils, and 
we have faith in the final outcome, that 
God shall triumph most gloriously over 
all his foes, and to this we are committed, 
to this we are consecrated and if neces- 
sary for this we die. 



Hems of ®ttr Pori 



PRESIDENT'S LETTER. 



Dear Friends and Fellow Workers : It 
has been my intention ever since I was 
honored with the leadership of your or- 
ganization to commimicate with you reg- 
ularly each month respecting the work 
which God has entrusted to us. The many 
cares connected with my daily labor have 
hindered this hitherto, but if God will, I 
trust for the future to send to you some 
word of encouragement and suggestion 
with each issue of the Cynosure. I may 
fail, but this is my purpose and shall be 
my attempt. 

Men are lost in sin. Men may be saved 
from sin, but men can be saved from sin 
only through the blood of Jesus Christ 
our Lord. Men suffer as individuals — 
social arrangements are out of joint, in- 
dustrial life is not what it ought to be. 
Men are seeking to rid themselves of suf- 
fering: and inconvenience. One of the 
great plans they have adopted is the or- 
ganization of secret societies. These in- 
stitutions profess to aid men in worldly 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAJ^ CYNOSURE. 



125 



things, to instruct and help them morally, 
to regenerate and save them. 

Such pretensions of course make them 
rivals of the Christian church, and ene- 
mies of the F'ounder and Head of that 
church. It will necessarily follow that 
they will be failures; that such seeming 
success as they gain will be partial, 
temporary and productive of greater evils 
than those which they remove. 

All this is plain from the nature of the 
case and has been a thousand times 
proved true in the experience of men. 
Against these organizations we have 
agreed together to labor. Some work we 
have done, and God has given success 
more than our labor or our faith. We are 
called upon in this day to a larger confi- 
dence and more energetic action. 'God's 
spirit is moving throughout the world in 
a wonderful way. Evil men and seducers 
wax worse and worse, but those who fear 
God are holding on their course, and 
those who are washed in the Blood of 
Jesus grow stronger and stronger. 

We are called first of all to the prayer 
of faith that God will pluck up and pull 
down and drive away these institutions 
which antagonize the church, which His 
Son purchased with His own precious 
blood. Second, we are called to more 
kindly and perpetual testimony. This 
may be given by word of mouth, by writ- 
ten letters, by circulation of the printed 
l)age, but in every possible way we should 
bestir ourselves. There is the sound "of 
a going in the to}) of the mulberry trees." 
I trust that God may stir us all up to 
labor. 

If in anv wav 1 can serve vou in vour 



locality I will gladly do so. Our Secre- 
tary and agents are likewise according to 
their strength ready to assist you. All 
around you there are churches, in the pul- 
pits of which are enlightened and faith- 
ful men who will co-operate with you. 
Let us arouse and give ourselves to the 
work. 

In the love of Jesus, fraternally yours,. 
Charles A. Blanchard. 



The Michigan Association, which met 
in the Fourteenth Street Christian Re- 
formed Church, Holland, Mich., June 22 
and 23, was an interesting and helpful 
gathering. We hope, to present in a fu- 
ture number of The Cynosure the re- 
marks of Rev. M. J. Bosma, of Grand 
Rapids, Mich., who eloquently opened 
the discussion on the subject of Labor 
Unions. 



MINUTES OF THE MICHIGAN STATE 
CONVENTION. 



The Convention Was Held June 22-23 in 
Fourteenth Street Christian Reformed 
Church, Holland, Mich. 

Meeting called to order by Pres. H. A. 
Day, who led in prayer. Scripture read- 
ing and welcome by Rev. D. R. Drukker, 
pastor of the church in which the conven- 
tion was held. Response on behalf of the 
State Association by the State President, 
who referred to the need of enlighten- 
ment and the mission of the association. 

Committees were next appointed as fol- 
lows : Resolutions — Rev. S. A. Manwell,. 
Rev. W. I. Phillips, Rev. J. Noordewier ; 
Nominating— Rev. D. R. Drukker, Rev. 
T. Ikotherton ; Rev. T. McCarty. 

In the absence of Dr. Ferris, who was 
to deliver the address of the evening,. 
Rev. W. B. Stoddard was introduced and 
gave one of his characteristic chart talks. 

Morning session, June 23, opened with 
half-hour devotional service conducted 
by Rev. M. E. Remmele. 

Xominating Committee reported as fol- 
lows : President, Rev. J. Groen, of Grand 
Rapids : Mce President, Rev. E. D. R(X)t,. 
of Xorth Star; Secretary. Rev. M. J. Bos- 



120 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



August, 1903. 



ma, of Grand Rapids; Treasurer, Rev. S. 
-A. Manwell, of Rives Junction ; .State 
-Agent, Rev. M. E. Remmele, of Allegan. 

The report was adopted. 

The State officers were made an Exec- 
'utive Committee to use any funds of the 
Staie treasury for the furtherance of the 
work of the N. C. A. in the State. This 
committee was also authorized to collect 
iunds for this work. 

By vote the convention requested all 
churches in sympathy with the work of 
this association to appoint a day during 
the coming year in which a collection 
will be taken for this association. The 
-secretary was instructed to notify the 
conferences in the State of this request of 
the State Association. 

Rev". M. J. Bosma read a paper on La- 
"bor Unions. After the reading free dis- 
cussion of the subject followed. 

Rev. Manwell, Rev. Stoddard and Rev. 
Brink were appointed Finance Commit- 
tee. 

The third session opened with scrip- 
ture reading and prayer by Rev. J. VV. 
Brink, after which Mrs. E. W. Chapman 
;sang a solo. 

Rev. W. I. Phillips gave an address on 
the National Christian Association and its 
work. 

Rev. Manwell, for the Committee on 
Resolutions read their report. The reso- 
lutions were read and discussed separate- 
ly, after which they were adopted as fol- 
lows: 

Whereas, The Secret Lodge System is 
unified in its evil character and teaching, 
«even as the church is a unit for good ; and 
whereas this- evil appears not only in its 
association, but in its very nature. 

Resolved i. It is the belief of this Con- 
vention that no pledge or oath-bound se- 
cret society is required for any good pur- 
pose and that history shows them to have 
been used for the worst of purposes. 

2. Special attention should be called to 
the manner in which such organizations 
oppose the Christian life. 

3. As the lodge robs, and at times de- 
stroys the home, thus helping to under- 
mine this God-ordained institution, every 
lover of righteousness should be aroused 
to defend the foundation of all that is 
noble and right. 

4. In the administration of oaths extra 



judicial and uncalled for, many lodges 
place themselves in the way of justice, 
and antagonistic to the state. 

5. The spirit of the lodge as publicly 
manifested at its funerals, festivities, 
dances, etc., is clearly shown to be anti- 
Christian. 

6. We favor organiza.tion of labor if 
conducted on Christian principles, but de- 
plore the un-Christian, un-American spir- 
it that takes advantage of the many for 
the supposed advantage of the few. The 
boycot, the destruction of life and prop- 
erty, or the attempt to coerce in any way 
by a voluntary association of men, should 
not for a moment be tolerated. 

7. The ever-increasing number and 
kinds of lodges, should cause us to seek 
information, and be ever faithful in do- 
ing all in our power to stem this popular 
tide of evil. 

8. We would urge all friends of the 
cause in the state to subscribe for the 
Christian Cynosure, arrange for lectures, 
distribute tracts, or otherwise further the 
cause as they may have opportunity and 
ability. 

9. We hereby tender our thanks to 
the. pastor and people of this church for 
their kind hospitality, to the press of the 
city for its kindly notices, and to all who 
have entertained and contributed to the 
success of our gathering. 

The following resolutions presented by 
Rev. J. Noordewier were also adopted by 
convention : 

1. Secret societies are fearful strong- 
holds of Satan against the church of 
Christ. 

2. Secret societies are falsely promis- 
ing institutions, misleading in society as 
well as the church. 

3. Secret societies are dangerous in a 
free republic ; every citizen has the right 
to oppose them, and it is his duty to do 
this. 

4. Secret societies take away the sa- 
cred right of free judgment. 

5. We warn every young man not to 
entangle himself with the lodge by mak- 
ing promises under oaths of which he will 
be ashamed and from which he may not 
have the courage to return. 

Representatives of various churches 
were asked to write a report of this con- 
vention for their church papers. 



August, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



127 



The closing session was led in prayer 
by Rev. M. J. Bosma. Rev. J. Groen 
delivered an address in the Holland lan- 
guage on "The Religion of the Lodge." 
Rev. Wm. Dillon, of Huntington, Ind., 
spoke on 'The Minor Secret Societies." 

The expenses of the convention were 
$31.35. M. J. Bosma, Sec. 



SECRETARY STODDARD IN MICHIGAN. 



Washington, D. C, July 17, 1903. 

Dear Cynosure : I am glad to report 
the Michigan convention, held in Hol- 
land June 22 and 23, to have been, as 
expected, an advance on those of other 
years. 

The masses did not attend the day 
sessions. They were left, as usual, to 
pastors and those more especially inter- 
ested. There was a good attendance at 
all the sessions, the audience of the sec- 
ond evening being at least a third larger 
than that of the first and nearly filling 
the large auditorium in which we met. 
The addresses were well prepared and of 
a high order. The music rendered by 
the church choir was inspiring and very 
helpful. The entertainment, as also the 
collections, met the need, there being a 
small balance to assist in pushing future 
State work. 

There is no reason why Michigan 
should not be equal to the best States in 
reform work. With a little effort on the 
part of friends there, much may be ac- 
complished in the year to come. The 
greater part of my labor for the month 
past has been given to that field, and it is 
my expectation to give much of August 
to the northeastern portion of the State. 
For a few weeks I shall push the work 
in Pennsylvania as God gives strength 
and the opportunity is afforded. 

While in western Michigan I enjoyed 
several meetings with our Wesleyan 
brethren. Near Parish Corners, Coop- 
ersville and Grand Rapids I spoke to 
many who welcomed the truths I had to 
bring and some no doubt who did not 
agree with me. I found the congrega- 
tion to which Bro. H. A. Day ministers 
growing. There was an uplifting atmos- 
phere, and a willingness to testify that I 
do not often meet. My memories of the 
:;Sabbath spent with this people are very 



pleasant. Our good friend, Prof. R. L. 
Park, of Muskegon, showed an interest 
unabated along reform lines. Pastors 
and people in that city gave the usual 
support in subscriptions to The Cyno- 
sure. Lectures were delivered in the 
East Street Christian Reformed and the 
Swedish Mission Covenant churches of 
Grand Rapids, which were helpful, I be- 
lieve. I was assured by the pastor of the 
Swedish Church that the congregation 
would be much larger could I return 
and give another lecture. Rev. J. 
Groen, pastor of the East Street Chris- 
tian Reformed Church, is known to 
manv of The Cvnosure readers as an 
efficient worker. I trust as State Presi- 
dent he may lead forward in much tell- 
ing work. 

Some days were spent in the vicinity - 
of North Star in work w'ith the Radical 
United Brethren of that section. Bro. 
Root, pastor in charge, had anticipated 
my coming, and had the meetings 
planned. Lectures were delivered Sat- 
urday and Monday evenings. I was 
given an old-fashioned circuit ride on 
Sabbath, stopping for meals and to 
preach morning, afternoon and evening. 
I was told when leaving I would be 
welcome could I return. The Lord bless 
Bro. Root and the tried few who are 
standing amid great opposition for the 
truth in Christ. At Alma, Mich., I 
found a growing Presbyterian college, 
with the president and professors set 
against secret societies. • There are also 
Free Methodist and Radical United 
Brethren friends at this point, who will 
join in arranging for the lectures I hope 
soon to give. I am indebted to Rev, C. 
L. Wood, the Presiding Elder in the 
U. B. Church for this district, for much 
kind assistance. At Saginaw there are 
open doors for my lectures among Luther- 
ans and other friends. Three sermons 
were given in L^nited Presbyterian 
churches near Fair Grove, Mich. Rev. 
A. W. Martin, the pastor, subscribed for 
The Cynosure, and conveyed me in my 
journey in securing the subscriptions of 
several of his congregation. 

I left wife and daughter for the sum- 
mer with an uncle, the pastor of the 
Covenanter Church near Fair Grove. 
On my return I am invited to speak in 



128 



CHPaSTlAN CYNOSURE. 



August. 190a. 



the Presbyterian, Covenanter and per- 
haps other churches. To-morrow morn- 
ing I start, D. v., for two weeks' work 
planned north of Philadelphia, in Penn- 
sylvania. Yours in the work, 

W. B. Stoddard. 



RETRPSPECTIVE AND PROSPECTIVE. 



BY REV. J. P. STODDARD. 

Others laid the foundations, but it was 
my good fortune to enter the veteran 
ranks while the National Christian Asso- 
ciation was crystallizing into organic 
form. My official relation began prior 
to its incorporation and continued for 
about sixteen years, until the present 
ef^cient incumbent, Rev. W. I. Phillips, 
became Secretary, Treasurer and Gen- 
eral Agent of the Corporation. Having 
been an active participant, and conver- 
sant with details in the day of small 
things, it was especially gratifying to 
note on my recent visit to Chicago the 
vigorous and extended growth of this 
movement in the West. 

It sprang 'very largely from the faith 
of one man, who saw the inroads which 
the lodges were making in the Church 
of Christ, and who had the courage to 
sound the alarm. A recognized leader 
fom the first, others like-minded 
rallied to the standard which President 
Jonathan Blanchard set up in the 
"Name of the Lord," and the discussion 
once fairly launched, strong men were 
soon enlisted and the forces on either 
side lined up for the conflict. 

Without an organized constituency, 
without a home or headquarters, and 
without funds to met current expenses, 
trusting in God for strength and victory 
they entered the field in face of a thor- 
oughly organized, amply equipped, and 
determined adversary, and with steady 
unflinching effort, have been unmasking 
the enemy's batteries, exposing his true 
character, delivering some who were in 
bondage through fear, and deterring 
more from becoming snared through ig- 
norance and deceit, until the society has 
gained a recognition and the approval of 
a host of friends, and the co-operation 
of ministers of rank and denominations 
and churches who stand loyally for the 
truth. The fields sown with good seed 



by the fathers are yielding already a rich 
fruitage and beckoning the reapers on. 
to the more abundant harvest. 

The work has been and is still passing; 
through similar stages in New England. 
What I saw and learned of the expan- 
sion and steady progress during my re- 
cent trip West encourages me to expect 
great results in this field already gener- 
ously responding to the little work done- 
in the few years just passed. 

It is no longer an experiment, but an. 
established fact that very much has been 
achieved and a solid foundation laid in 
the intelligent convictions and contribu- 
tions of a goodly number of New Eng- 
land's influential and devout citizens. — 
Home Light. 



NORWEGIAN LUTHERAN JUBILEE. 



Wm. I. Phillips, Chicago, 111. : 

Dear Sir : Excuse delay in writing you: 
and thanking you for the large amount, 
of circulars that you sent me in Decorah.. 

Our meeting was largely attended. On- 
Sunday, the 21st of June, it was estimat- 
ed that there were 10,000 people attend- 
ing services on the college campus. Our- 
Synod received greetings (this being a 
fiftieth anniversaly celebration) from the 
church in Norway, and from the King of 
Norway and Sweden, from the mission in 
Natal, Aufrica, and from different Synods, 
in America that have the same faith and 
confession as our Synod. A thank-of- 
fering had been raised that amounted to 
$92,000, and which it was hoped should 
reach $100,000 before the Jubilee year is 
over. The collection taken Up on Sunday 
during Synod amounted to $2,300. 

Our Synod has now some 300 pastors 
and professors and about 140,000 souls. 

We have sixteen colleges and acade- 
mies, having over 2,000 students. 

We have several hospitals and homes 
for children and old people. 

All these people are taught from the 
pulpit and from the teachers' desk that 
secret societies are opposed to Christian- 
ity, and that secret societies are injurious 
to the family, church and state. Our 
Synod can be depended on as being with 
you in your struggle against secretism. 

Yours trulv, 

(Rev.) O. T. Lee. 





"Jesus ansTcered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret hare I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER* 1903. 



NUMBER 5. 



THE CHRISTIAN CY\0SIRE 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicag-o 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicago, 111., as second- 
class matter. 

RECONSTRUCTING HISTORY. 



There is a remarkable effort being 
made at the present time to reconstruct 
history in respect to several well-known 
characters. The Masonic Voice-Review, 
**the oldest Masonic publication in the 
world,'' has an article in a recent number 
on the recantation of Thurlow Weed of 
his anti-Masonic principles. There is a 
no less determined effort being made to 
rehabilitate Henry Ward Beecher's char- 
acter ; and a society has been recently 
formed called "The Aaron Burr Legion," 
to reconstruct that part of American his- 
tory which refers to Aaron Burr. We 
shall have later something further to say 
on this matter. 



We are called first of all to the prayer 
of faith that God will* pluck up and pull 
down and drive away these institutions 
which antagonize the church, which His 
Son ])urchased with His own precious 
blood. 

Second, we are called to more kindly 
and perpetual testimony. This may be 
given by word of mouth, by written let- 
ters, by circulation of the printed page, 
but in every possible way we should be- 
stir ourselves. There is the sound "of a 
j2:oing in the top of the mulberry trees." 



I trust that God may stir us all up to 
labor. — From our President's Letter, in 
the August Christian Cynosure. 



EFFECT OF SECSECY ON MIND. 



James McCosh, D. D., LL. D., distin- 
guished theologian and teacher in Great 
Britain, and later in the United States 
President of Princeton University, in his 
work, "Psychology ; the Motive Pow- 
ers," page 214, says : 

"I have noticed that those who have 
been trained in secret societies, collegiate 
or political, and in trades unions, like 
priests, Jesuits, thugs and Molly Mc- 
Guires, have their sense of right and 
wrong so perverted that in the interests 
of the body with which they have identi- 
fied themselves they will commit the 
most atrocious crimes, not only without 
compunction, but with an approving 
heart and with the plaudits of their asso- 
ciates." 



A student of one of our universities 
writes : "Were you acquainted with our 
local conditions, you would not wonder 
that we find none of your books in our 
university library. Magazine articles ex- 
posing fraternities do not stay in our 
magazines any considerable length of 
time." 

As long as such is the condition, we 
must, if possible, do more in the way of 
distribution of literature, especially tracts. 
Several hundred were sent to the student 
for distribution. We need five hundred 
dollars at the present time for a new edi- 
tion of old tracts, and for some new ones. 
Who will see that this want is met ? 



"Be not unequally yoked together 
with unbelievers." — Paul of Tarsus. 



130 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September. 1903. 



SUN-WORSHIPING MISSIONARY. 



SOCIAL SCIENCE STUDY. 



Bro. W. H. Brearley has recently ac- 
cepted the position of superintendent of 
the mission work of the Baptists of New 
York City. There are over fifty church- 
es and several large missions in the so- 
ciety. The position is a most honorable 
one, and one demanding the very bright- 
est ability. Bro. Brearley is peculiarly 
well qualified for the work in hand, and 
already the churches feel the impulse of 
his touch. He is a man full of resources, 
an indefatigable worker, and with the 
strong support, financial and otherwise, 
which he receives, will make his work 

count for God and humanitv. 
—American Tyler, 1899. 



The National Christian Association 
believes itself to be engaged in reform 
work, yet here is one of the unreformed 
who helps with one hand rejection of 
Jesus' name from worship, and with the 
other leads men to worship Him. In 
this self-contradiction which will pre- 
vail ? 



COLLEGE HAZING. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard has been at 
work in East Northfield, Mass., where 
Mrs. Stoddard has a new cottage which 
she calls "The Wheaton." Among Broth- 
er Stoddard's interesting reports we find 
the following : 

''Another pastor whom I incidentally 
met and invited to our home related his 
experience in a college fraternity. After 
.being roughly handled he was put into a 
cof^n, the lid was perforated with holes 
through which his tormentors blew to- 
bacco smoke until he was nearly suffo- 
cated. The next scene was in a grave- 
yard confronted by a ghost, which was 
succeeded by a rough ride of several miles 
while he lay bound in a cart or springless 
wagon, terminated by a grand carnival at 
a public house, in which most of the par- 
ticipants became drunk before the affair 
came to an end." 



Prayer may not bring money, but it 
iDrings us what no money can buy — a 
power to keep from sin and to be content 
with God's will, whatever else he may 
send. — George Eliot. 



Not a little help may result to the anti- 
secret reform from the following action 
taken in 1902 by the National Conference 
of Cliarities ahd Correction : 

"The Executive Committee recom- 
mends to the National Conference of 
Charities and Correction, without com- 
mitting the Conference to any particular 
system in advance of investigation,- to 
provide for the appointment of a com- 
mission of seven persons to consider 
plans of so-called insurance of wage earn- 
ers in case of accident, sickness, invaUd- 
ism and old age, with special reference 
to their effects on dependence and crime ; 
the commission to be continued for at 
least three years before making its final 
report." 

The commission appointed has mapped 
out its work and made a distribution of 
subjects for investigation. It asks contri- 
butions of information. It is to be hoped 
that the National Conference of Charities 
and Correction will accomplish the end 
contemplated by its recent action, and, 
by consequence, the incidental beneficence 
of aiding the anti-secret reform. 



Sabbath School Clubs. 



Any Sabbath school will be supplied 
with as many copies as desired (not less 
than ten in a package), to one address, at 
the following yearly club rates : One year, 
fifty cents each subscription ; six months, 
twenty-five cents each subscription ; for 
four copies (one copy at the end of each 
quarter, making four copies for the year), 
fifteen cents. This latter proposition is 
especially well adapted for our Sabbath 
schools, in that it provides a paper for the 
fifth Sabbath in each quarter. A package 
will be sent to one person only, and no 
names can be written or printed by us on 
the separate papers. The papers for a 
club will all go to one postoffice. 



Rev. T. M. Slater will hold an anti- 
secret meeting in Bovina, N. Y., at as 
early a day as he can arrange it. Among 
the speakers already secured are Rev. Joel 
Schwartz and Rev. W. M. George. 
—Christian Nation, .Inly 8, 1903. 



September, 1908. 



CHRISTIAN CYNO'SUHE. 



181 



€0ntributtott0» 



LABOR UNIONS. 



BY REV. M. J. BOSMA, GRAND RAPIDS, MICH. 



(This address was given before the Michigan 
State Christian Association June 23, 1903.) 

Most all, if not all who are here, are in 
sympathy with the work of the National 
Christian Association. We believe that 
secret oath-bound societies are un-Chris- 
tian and often anti-Christian, detrimental 
to the Christian Church, injurious to spir- 
itual life, to the development of noble 
manhood and antagonistic in principle to 
our republican institutions. Believing this 
we oppose all such societies, refusing to 
join them ourselves and discourage all 
others from entangling themselves with 
the lodge, and my church even goes to the 
extent of informing those who would or 
have joined that they must choose be- 
tween the church and the lodge, firmly be- 
lieving that lodge membership is incom- 
patible with church membership. 

This standpoint, of course, brings us 
in conflict with a great number who hold 
the very opposite view, who hold that 
membership in secret oath-bound societies 
is a matter of indifference to be left to 
every individual's own conscience, or that 
it is even verv beneficial for true Christian 
life. 

In arguing with all who hold such 
views we are constantly asked : What is 
your view of labor unions? Are you dis- 
posed towards the unions as you are to- 
wards the lodges? In our estimation, 
they answer, the lodge is no worse than 
the unions. Such questions and declara- 
tions necessitate us to study unions and 
unionism, and makes it very proper for 
us to discuss the subject of labor unions 
at this convention that has called to ad- 
vance the cause of the National Christian 
Association. If it is true that the same 
objections can be made against the unions 
as are properly made against the lodges 
we will have to take the same position to- 
wards the unions. 

And furthermore, without regard to 
our treatment of secret societies, it is emi- 
nently proper and necessary that we 
should devote our best attention to the 



fierce industrial struggle that is now wag- 
ing between capital and labor. Unionism 
is growing fast and the time is near when 
all will be called to declare what position 
they occupy toward the unions. If pros- 
perity continues there will most likely 
soon be two great camps, the union and 
anti-union, and for the welfare of church 
and state we must know with which party 
to take sides. 

The Good in Trade Unions. 

We of course Hmit our discussion to 
unions as they now are, not to unions as 
they might be. First, then, we discuss 
the good there is in the unions, and we 
are very ready to admit that the various 
unions have accomplished much good for 
the laboring classes, and are doing much 
good in the present. Without unions or 
something else to substitute in their place, 
the condition of the laboring classes 
would be far worse and in many instances 
utterly unbearable. Capital unites, forms 
trusts and monopolies, and true to the 
selfishness of the sinful heart tries to ob- 
tain as much as possible of the products 
of labor while returning as little as possi- 
ble to the toiler who has at the cost of 
sweat and blood brought forth the riches 
of the field, the forest and the mine. In 
• general, low wages with long hours of toil 
would be prevailing if the laboring classes 
did not unitedly assert their rights. Our 
v/on)en and children, who right iv belong 
at home, at school and on the playground, 
would be early confined within the walls 
of factories and mills. Unsanitary and 
repulsive workshops would be allowed to 
contuiue more than now till some philan- 
thropic mood of a capitalist furnished im- 
provement here or there, but a general 
improvement in this respect we could not 
look for. A prosperous middle class 
would be but few in numbers, while the 
extremes of wealth and poverty would be 
more universal. That such is not the case 
is due to the action of working people in 
combining themselves in unions and uni- 
tedly insisting upon constant improve- 
ment of their lot. 

Through unions the skilled laborers es- 
pecially and also in part the unskilled la- 
borers have greatly advanced their in- 
terest. They have procured higher wages, 
thus obtaining a more just portion of the 
pi"0(luct of their labor ; they have also pro- 



182 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September. 1903. 



cured shorter hours, better sanitary con- 
ditions, more humane treatment by their 
employers, the passage of laws forbidding 
the employment of children under a cer- 
tain age, and also of laws holding the em- 
ployer responsible for certain accidents 
that happen to his employes ; at their in- 
sistence boards of arbitration have been 
called to consider and remove their griev- 
ances. Some of these benefits would have 
been gained without the past struggles of 
unionism, but most all of them are, how- 
ever, the trophies which organized labor 
has won in its fight with capitalism. An- 
other gain through unionism, though in- 
direct and not purposely sought, is that 
unionism has aided in tht amalgamation 
of different people from different Euro- 
pean countries into one common Ameri- 
can citizenship. Without unions the 
Americanization of a very heterogenous 
people would have been difficult and te- 
dious. The unionist knows he needs every 
able man of his trade in his union, and 
is thereby drawn to the foreigner and 
draws the foreigner to himself to make 
■common cause with him. Thereby the 
prejudices and racial jealousies and pecu- 
liarities are the quicker conquered and 
submerged in the great ocean of Ameri- 
-can life. 

Are the Principles and Methods of Union- 
ism Good? 

The results a/bove named are good, but 
unions are not to be judged by results 
only. It may be that there are good re- 
sults in spite of bad principles and meth- 
ods. A very necessary question, there- 
fore is : Are there good principles and 
inethods in unionism of to-day? To this 
we answer, yes. 

The following are some of their pub- 
lished principles: i. Every man has the 
right to life, liberty and the pursuit of 
happiness. 2. Every man has the right 
to dispose of himself, his time and pos- 
sessions as he wishes, providing he may 
not dispose of his possession simply for his 
own interest, but is to use his goods for 
the benefit of all mankind. 3. All man- 
kind has an undeniable right to that pro- 
duced by all. Each worker has the right 
to enjoy the full benefit of his or her 
handiwork. 4. It is the duty of the 
workman to strive after and struggle for 
the possession of what he is entitled to. 



He may not ignore his, rights for that 
would be a wrong against all mankind. 
5. He must employ all lawful means to 
enforce his rights. 6. To do this he. must 
unite himself with his fellow workman. 
Without organization there can be noth- 
ing gained, for the single individual can- 
not procure any permanent improvement 
for himself or others, while through or- 
ganization there can be established a state 
of affairs under which everyone will en- 
joy the fruits of his labors. 

These we believe to be good principles. 
Whether they are sufficient is another 
question, but as far as they go they are 
all right. 

And as far as the means of obtaining 
the end in view are concerned the follow- 
ing advocated and used by unions are also 
to be approved of : i. The endeavor to or- 
ganize all laborers of every branch of in- 
dustry. 2. Conciliation and arbitration. 
3. Strikes, when every other means has 
been exhausted. Unionism deplores the 
necessity of strikes, but advocates the 
strike as the last resort. (When we call 
a strike a good means we are far from 
justifying every strike, we only say that 
a strike may be a good means.) 4. Regu- 
lation of wages and hours of labor. 5. 
Educating of members of the union. 6. 
Mutual insurance and benefit funds. 

The unions therefore employ good 
means. Whether these are sufficient we 
will not say : as far as they go they are all 
right. 

Good results obtained, good principles 
to shape their consideration and action, 
and good means and ways to gain their 
end, all these there are in the system of 
unionism as at present constituted. And 
it is absolutely necessary that we should 
see and recognize the good in order to be 
fair in our judgment. 

Objectionable Feature of Unions, 

Now we will call attention to the objec- 
tionable features. These we may describe 
by the theological term : sins of commis- 
sion and omission. 

First, the sins of commission. They 
are mostly in respect to ways and means. 

The following objections to labor un- 
ions we bring under this head: i. The 
sympathetic strike. 2. Refusal to become 
incorporated. 3. Breaking contracts with 
employers. 4. Boycotting. 5. The ap- 



^eptt^inber, 100:i. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



183 



prenticeship system. 6. Limiting the out- 
put of a day's work. 7. The walking del- 
egates and heeding the unprincipled dem- 
agogues. 8. Preventing a man from 
working if he does not join the union. 9. 
Insisting upon uniform wages. 10. Ar- 
son and violence. 11. Uniting under oaths 
into secret societies. 

Of course all unions are not guilty of 
all these objectionable features, while oth- 
ers are guilty of all. It is, therefore, im- 
possible to consider all unions alike, and 
as some do it is unjust to pass the same 
condemnatory sentence upon all unions. 
i^2ach must be judged according to its 
merits and demerits. 

Again it must be said that some of the 
above objections are essential to union- 
ism while others are accidental. Thus 
violence and arson are accidental to un- 
ionism ; it is not in general advocated and 
encouraged by unions that in case of 
strike the so-called scab should be mal- 
ti*eated or the employer's property burned 
and destroyed. This may have been en- 
couraged in some cases ; still unionism as 
a whole does not teach this abominable 
doctrine. 

The forming of labor unions into secret 
oath-bound societies is also not a univer- 
sal or essential custom. Some are secret 
and oath-bound, but the majority are not. 
Of course they do not allow everybody to 
attend their business meetings, but I do 
not think we can find serious fault with 
them if they require a password of their 
members and limit attendance to their 
business meetings to their membership. 
We would not object if members of a 
business firm employed such methods for 
their meetings, and we ought to grant the 
laborers the same privilege. 

If labor unions do bind themselves un- 
der oath into secret societies with initia- 
tory rituals we of course condemn them 
as we do fraternal orders. 

The more essential features and also 
the more objectionable of those we here 
mentioned are : 

1. Refusal to incorporate. 

2. Sympathetic strikes. If one class 
of laborers, for instance, can not win their 
strike, other laborers of an altogether dif- 
ferent trade quit work to force matters 
for the benefit of the strikers. Those who 
thus strike in sympathy for the original 



strikers often have no grievances them- 
selves and often work for entirely dif- 
ferent employers. Such actions are ty- 
rannical. 

3. Equally strong objections must be 
made to many boycotts. When, for in- 
stance, a man's store had not been built 
by union labor, he is boycotted, though it 
may be only his place of business and he 
totally innocent of any opposition to un- 
ionism. Or if a merchant's clerks are not 
in the union he is boycotted sometimes. 

4. Limiting a day's work, forbidding' 
a union man from doing more than just 
so much. 

5. Insisting on a uniform scale of 
wages, creating an artificial equality. 

6. Dictating to employers that they 
may not employ nonunion men. 

7. Preventing young men to leani 
their trades. 

All these are objectionable features, be- 
cause they are antagonistic to personal 
liberty ; they are dominations of a class 
of men over other men. Some of these 
measures are even degrading and injuri- 
ous to the individual members of the un- 
ions. 

The Kvil of Class Spirit. 

But what we especially object to is, 
and this is more a matter of principle, 
that unionism of to-day fosters class- 
spirit in society. The leaders and most 
every member of the unions calls capital 
its enemy and encourages a hatred in the 
heart of the poor against the wealthy. 

Capital is usually considered to be an 
organized power intent on the crushing of 
labor and labor now must unitedly fight 
capital. 

This is entirely wrong, and if this ever 
gets to be the universal idea among the 
laboring classes it will be very detrimen- 
tal for society. If labor opposes capital 
as its enemy the employing classes will 
combine to resist, and it will be a most 
bitter and injurious battle for the wage- 
workers of every kind. The cajMtalist 
and laborer are brothers, not enemies. 
The one needs the other and all attempts 
to make one antagonize the other ought 
to be unsparingly condemned. Co-opera- 
tion and not separation is iiecessary. 

Under the head of sins of omission oi 
the unions we would mention : 

I. The unions do not apply to them- 



134 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 19(3. 



selves their principle that no one may use 
his possession exclusively for himself. 
They apply this to the capitalist and say 
that he must take into consideration the 
welfare of others in employing his pos- 
sessions. But the unionist's possession is 
his ability to work. This he must employ 
and may not refuse to employ simply to 
benefit himself if he thereby causes trou- 
ble and loss to others. The interest of 
employers of society are not sufficiently 
considered. 

2. There are not sufficient moral prin- 
ciples at the foundation of unionism to- 
day. Everything is determined by the 
principle of expediency or utility. The 
greatest question is : What is of the most 
advantage to man? not, What is right, 
what does God require? True, unions say : 
God has given earth and its fulness to all 
mankind, to the whole human family. 
But has God left the conduct of man to- 
ward man in the use and distribution of 
the riches of earth entirely to be guided 
by the expediency of each individual or 
each class of society? If this is so, the 
rich are perfectly justified in seeking their 
particular interest even at the expense of 
the poor and the poorer men may singly 
or collectively do the best they can to help 
themselves and force the rich to comply 
with their terms. 

If expediency is to determine our rela- 
tionship towards one another society must 
become anarchy. No, not might but 
right must rule. 

The unions lack constitutions of prin- 
ciples ; at any rate their constitutions do 
not sufficiently recognize God's eternal 
principles of justice. We cannot expect 
that unionism should specially recognize 
the fundamental teachings of some de- 
nomination or school of Christendom ; but 
we may demand adherence to the funda- 
mental law of love : to love God above all 
and our neighbor as ourselves. As it is, 
not even the Golden Rule is made the 
basis of every declaration of purpose and 
of action. This ethical defect is of far- 
reaching consequence. Unreasonable and 
unnecessary trouble among the unions 
themselves and with others will continue 
till there are eternal principles of justice 
governing their ways and means and 
aims. 



All Classes Interested aad All Must Help in 
the Settlement. 

But the unions are not old, the work- 
ingman's need and aspirations sometimes 
cloud his intellect and conscience. Many 
defects have been overcome and others 
will be in course of time. It is well that 
the struggle between capital and labor has 
come, it was bound to come anyway, and 
the sooner it comes the sooner it will be 
settled. To help settle it in the right way 
all kind of influences will be brought to 
bear; the courts and the schools will be 
appealed to and especially will public 
opinion be arbitrator in the conflict. W^e 
must all therefore try to create a sound 
public opinion and know for ourselves 
how to act in regard towards unions of 
to-day. 

As to this point let me say I would 
not like to dictate to another man 
what he should do, and the fact is I do 
not know what I would do in certain cir- 
cumstances, were la laboring man who 
daily came in contact with unions. My 
choice and actions would be determined 
by the nature of the union I was asked to 
join and by local circumstances and asso- 
ciates. 

There are some unions I never c6uld 
join, there is too much anarchy and cor- 
rupt socialism in their declarations and 
methods. There are others that are in 
theory not so bad, but the character of 
the men who form some local unions is 
such that I could not associate with them, 
neither would I meet in the rear room of 
a saloon, as is often done at present. 

But if I found nothing in the avowed 
purpose and methods of a union that was 
in conflict with my religious convictions I 
might join. If, however, my union tried 
to force unjust matters or engaged in un- 
righteous acts, I would quit. 



If you are not a subscriber and receive 
a copy of this magazine it is sent you 
with the thought that upon examination 
of the same we may be favored with your 
subscription. If by chance an extra copy 
should reach a subscriber we trust you 
will hand it to some party interested, and 
at the same time speak a good word for 
the Christian Cynosure. 



S<^ptember, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



135 



WHY WE HAVE SECRET SOCIETIES. 



BY J. J. BRUCE. 



God has implanted in the hearts of all 
mankind the desire for worship and asso- 
ciation with those who harmonize in 
thought. We see and feel this in jur 
lives as individuals, and seek the society 
of men who come closest to us in ways 
of thinking. The proverb, ''Birds of a 
feather flock together" quite forcibly il- 
lustrates our ideas of associations. 

The want of perfect harmony in hu- 
man lives is recognized by us all ; hence 
the longing for that time and place 
where all this confusion of methods will 
give palace to complete harmony. Hu- 
manity recognizes the past failures to 
produce harmony, and looks to God for 
the bringing about of that age when all 
will be peace, unity and happiness. The 
various church organizations are simply 
the harmonizing of a comparative few, 
who follow the leadership of some man 
of advanced or retrograde ideas of God's 
purposes with men as given in the Bible. 

Churches are nothing more than frater- 
nal societies without secrecy attached 
as a test of membership. There is an 
implied obligation on the part of the 
members of all churches to assist each 
other in distress ; and to seek the fellow- 
ship of those who are associated with 
them in church membership in prefer- 
ence to those of any other church. 

The Christian Association, of whicli 
the writer is a corresponding member, is 
an organization to oppose secret frater- 
nal societies, on the idea that they are 
wrong and hurtful to society. Our mem- 
bership love our association, and like to 
assist in forwarding the work for which 
it was incorporated. As teachers of truth 
we should first cast the beam out of our 
own eye, then we can see clearly to cast 
the mote out of our brother's eye. 

In the first ages of the world, human- 
ity used the earth in common, spoke the 
same language, and were as one family. 
^'And unto Eber were born two sons : 
the name of one was Peleg (that is di- 
vision) ; for in his day was the earth di- 
vided ; and his brother's name was Jok- 
tan" (Gen. 10:25). "The dividing of 
earth necessitated the scattering of the 



people by confusion of language. '*So 
the Lord scattered them abroad from 
thence upon the face of all the earth : 
and they left off to build the city ; there- 
fore is the name of it called Babel : be- 
cause the Lord did there confound the 
language of all the earth ; and from 
thence did the Lord scatter them abroad 
upon the face of all the earth" (Gen. 11 : 
8, 9). Thus we see that confusion of 
language and scattering the people, or 
dividing them was of the Lord ; hence he 
would restore language, and place the 
earth in common use for man when his 
work was completed. 

Tn the setting up of God's kingdom on 
earth following Pentecost there, was a 
restoration of harmony in language ; first 
among the Jewish believers, as recorded 
in Acts 2: 1-13 ; among the Gentiles, 
represented by the Romans in Acts 10: 
46. This was more than a spirit's im- 
pression ; and conveyed power we in 
this age cannot enjoy. 

Our condition spiritually is found by 
an examination of Acts 18:24 to 19:7. 
It was not until the Holy Ghost came 
upon the believers that they spake with 
tongues (Acts 19:6). 

Another feature of God's work in the 
lives of the believers was the use of 
property, in common ; or, as a family 
would use things. "And all that be- 
lieved were together, and had all things 
common ; and sold their possessions and 
goods, and parted them to all men ; as 
every man had need" (Acts 2 : 44, 45). 
We have cases cited of the selling of 
lands by believers and the placing of the 
money in the common treasury (Acts 4 : 
32-37) : the attempt to lie to the Holy 
Ghost in chapter 5, with its results ; then 
in chapter 6:1 we find these words : 
"And in those days, when the number of 
the disciples was multiplied, there arose 
a murmuring of the Grecians against 
the Hebrews, because their widows were 
neglected in the daily ministration." 

This led to the selection of officials to 
wait upon the tables, or serve tables, as 
the disciple said (see Acts 6: 2-'j). 

In such a state of affairs there would 
be no use for secret societies ; hence ii 
is from both a spiritual falling away by 
the church and a return to earth's 
methods in the TiSe of property, that se- 



13G 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September. 19U3. 



cret societies have their origin, and are 
able to perpetuate their deceptions upon 
mankind. 

Paul tells such will come about, or 
Christ will not come again to earth (11. 
Thess. 2 : 1-4). 

The mistake we have made is in as- 
suming that men could restore them- 
selves from a spiritual falling away, as 
did the idolatrous worshipers in the first 
age attempt to restore themselves to the 
Edenic state by a destruction of shame 
in the flesh. Exposure of the workings 
of secret oath-bound societies will not 
materially lessen their numbers, as it is 
God's purpose and prerogative to use 
his word to destroy Satan's power of de- 
ception, now cast over all the earth (11. 
Thess. 2:8). 

When the church gets back to its 
primitive state of using the earth in 
common ; and where its members all 
speak the same language then, and not 
till then, will secret fraternal societies 
cease to exist. This time will be in the 
new earth, which God has promised to 
create (Isaiah 15: 17-25). 

Rolfe, Iowa, July i, 1903. 



THE LODGE TRUST, 



BY REV. A. O. SWINEHART. 

The commercial trusts are in our day 
generally feared and condemned. If we 
show that the lodge system has precise- 
ly the same principles, aims and meth- 
ods, and that the remedy for both is the 
same, may not this serve to lead some 
into spiritual light, whose wisdom in this 
line has been chiefly of this world? 

Some think there are good and bad 
trusts, and good and bad lodges ; but 
those who have tried to carry the dis- 
crimination into practice have been dis- 
appointed, and soon designate the whole 
system as the ''trust evil" or the "lodge 
evil." In either case a united front is 
presented to all opposition. The fact is, 
that both these evils are combinations of 
a few of the strong and powerful, organ- 
ized for their own benefit, to the exclu- 
sion and detriment of all others. In the 
one case a few rich, powerful, able men 
of business ; in the other a comparatively 
few able-bodied men in their best years. 
These strong ones in each case combine 



to fatten each other upon the efforts put 
forth by their weaker brethren ; the 
strong sucking the blood of the weak ; 
and hence lodge and trust are sure 
enough "blood relations." 

Let an ofHcial or individual attack 
trust or lodge, either in the name of 
party or church, either in his oiUcial or 
individual capacity, and though he at- 
tack but a single trust or lodge, he be- 
comes at once a marked man, to be 
shunned, attacked, opposed, along the 
line of that whole system. In each case 
his single attack is resented as an attack 
on the trust or lodge as a whole. 

As the meat trust was shown to have 
its secret regulations and penalties for 
violated obligations, so it is with all the 
secret societies ; though in the former 
case there are only financial penalties, in 
the latter, blood-curdling penalties of 
death. 

We find certain coteries of men prom- 
inent and dominant in a large number 
of trusts. And so a comparatively small 
number of Freem'asons wield a large in- 
fluence in a vast number of newer 
lodges. 

The trust is not content to claim su- 
premacy, but makes sure of it by getting 
rid of competing concerns, who could 
offer serious opposition. To this end 
they beguile as niany of these into their 
service as they can, by buying them out 
at good prices and paying them fair 
wages as their "hired men." These men 
as subordinates are perchance "doing 
more business" than they did before, and 
employment is sure (?), and all — for the 
good of the trust. The trust found qual- 
ities in these men worth paying a good 
price for, which is proof enoug'h that 
independently they would likely have 
had a good future before them ; but now^ 
they are gagged and muzzled, they wear 
the collar of the trust, progress is near- 
ly barred, manhood crushed, ambition 
blighted. And if disaster comes to the 
trusted trust, they will be the chief suf- 
ferers. 

The lodge likewise specially courts the 
aid of possible opponents of character and 
influence, particularly clergymen, educa- 
tors and professional men generally, who, 
being enlightened, may be supposed to 
recog^nize the foUv and wickedness of the 



September, 190o. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



137 



lodge, and to oppose it powerfully 
through their wide contact with people 
and their special facilities, opportunities 
and obligations to disseminate the light 
and the truth. These men the lodge be- 
guiles into silence and service, and, if 
possible, without letting them know that 
they are being duped. In the case of 
clergymen they are especially solicitous. 
Positions with good salaries are held out 
to a few ; 'high social standing, a wide 
circle of friends among the lodge, "great 
opportunities for good" among lodge 
members, large congregations and good 
salaries, reaching so many more people, 
all this — if thou wilt fall down and wor- 
ship at my altar and serve me. They 
"do more business" than before, it may 
be, much after the manner of the duped 
"hired men" of the trust, but for whom? 
Why, for the lodge, for that worldliness 
of which the lodge is an organized em- 
bodiment. 

The lodge uses the character and rep- 
utation of these men to make itself ap- 
pear respectable. While these men to 
outward appearances fare very well, they 
have sacrificed what is highest and dear- 
est, a good conscience and the independ- 
ence to proclaim and labor against all 
evil. And a minister with the gifts which 
make him a desirable acquisition to the 
lodge, could, by a conscientious, inde- 
pendent course of righteousness, have 
achieved much greater things in the 
church, for God would have been with 
him. He would have had more real re- 
spect from the world, for abiding by his 
ow^n calling, and for competing with oth- 
er men along t*ke lines of his own proper 
profession, while as a semi-worldly man 
in the lodge he cannot expect to com- 
pete with professed worldlings for their 
kind of honor and influence. By an hon- 
est, conscientious course he would cer- 
tainly have won more lodge members to 
real repentance and faith, though possi- 
bly not quite so many to outward church 
membership; and even this is an open 
question. And if reproach comes on the 
lodge, who will be the chief sufferers? 
Why, certainly these men who knew bet- 
ter, and who ought to be above reproach. 

But some competitors of the trust are 
not to be duped ; these must be crushed 
by luring away their support. As good 



or better goods are offered by the trust 
to the public at lower prices, until the in- 
dependent concerns are hopelessly crip- 
pled or ruined ; then if the trust does not 
advance the price, it in any case enjoys a 
large increase of business and profits. 
Experience teaches that the price is 
often doubled. At last the masses who 
have supported the trust and compassed 
their own ruin, warning or no warning, 
appeal for remedial legislation, which 
may or may not be forthcoming and ef- 
fectual. Meanwhile the trust, becoming 
more and more rapacious, overreaches 
itself by impoverishing those on whom it 
depends. The magnates cannot agree 
over the division of the accumulated 
spoils and the trust destroys itself before 
the public. 

With the lodge we find the same prin- 
ciple of luring away position, support 
and influence from those ministers and 
others who cannot be duped into silence 
and service, and who continue to oppose. 
Church members are offered an easy sal- 
vation by outward morality, better sick 
and death benefits, -greater business and 
social advantages than the church gives, 
and so forth. And ministers find mem- 
bers therefore harder to keep and harder 
to gain from without, and, though they 
are not ruined by any means, their sup- 
port and sphere of influence is dimin- 
ished, thanks to these agencies of dark- 
ness. 

But now the lodge, like the trust, 
gloating and drunken with its success in 
monopolizing advantages for the benefit 
of a few, ruins itself by impoverishing 
the great majority of those on whom it 
depends. The financial benefits are 
reaped by a few, and the financial bur- 
dens become more and more expensive 
to the many, until there is a limit to en- 
durance — and further payments — and 
bankruptcy ensues. The promised fra- 
ternity of the lodge develops into end- 
less envyings and bickerings and con- 
flicts within itself. Its promised salva- 
tion by works appears eventually to be 
such a huge and everlasting fraud that 
all who are saved by grace are bound to 
recognize it in time. Its professions of 
bettering men morally, without the di- 
vine knowledge or power necessary to- 
accomplish this., is such a glittering sham 



138 



UflRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1903. 



and failure that it becomes a subject of 
ridicule, both within and without the 
lodge. The amusement, good fellowship 
and conviviality that attracted many are 
found to be senseless, dangerous to life 
and limb, extravagant, and ruinous of 
health, morals and character. At length 
people realize the bankruptcy in faith, 
morals and money into which this evil 
has plunged them. And they cry out for 
legislation against this crying evil, which 
may prevent but cannot cure. Anti- 
secrecy legislation was invoked and se- 
cured seventy-five years ago, and history 
may repeat itself. Be that as it may, 
the lodge system, drunk with its power, 
and already fetid with its own rotten- 
ness, alienates the support of all that 
class who could uphold and support it 
and give it standing, and goes down in 
ruins. 

But God is supreme, and puts to 
naught all idols, also these latter day 
gods of trust and lodge. The abund- 
ance of his blessings, temporal and spir- 
itual, works the real cure in each in- 
stance. When he gives scant harvests, 
or a scant supply of any necessity of life, 
that is the opportunity of the trust to 
"corner" the supply, and to enhance the 
price to the consumer, who is eager to 
be supplied. But when blessings are 
bountiful, the supply cannot be "cor- 
nered," demand is not eager, independ- 
ent concerns spring up and flourish, and 
with them the competition that assures 
legitimate prices. 

Likewise where divine truth is scarce 
in the people's hearts, there is the chance 
for the lodge. The soul being eager and 
hungry for spiritual food, greedily gulps 
down the spurious bread of the lodge 
and pays a fearful price, because in its 
blindness and ignorance it knov/s of no 
other. In such times and places the 
lodge takes deep root. But where the 
church or community is richly blessed 
with an abundance of pure truth unto 
salvation well inculcated, there is no eag- 
erness to pay high prices, temporal and 
eternal, for the stones, serpents and scor- 
pons offered by the lodge. And then a 
healthy antagonism springs up, as the 
result of which truth and church prevail, 
and the lodge evil and all evils are 
doomed. Attica, Ohio. 



UNITED ANCIENT ORDER OF DRUIDS. 



A pastor needing information on the 
above named order writes for an exposi- 
tion which we could not furnish. The 
following historical sketch is from the 
Cyclopaedia of Fraternities : 

"In 1781, thirty-six years after Odd 
Fellows' clubs or lodges made their ap- 
pearance in England, the modern Ancient 
Order of Druids was founded at London. 
It paralleled the United, or Loyal Order 
of Odd Fellows, as the latter was vari- 
ously called, rather than the Freemasons, 
in that its avowed purpose was to relieve 
sickness and distress among its members 
by means of stated contributions. It 
promptly took on the character of a secret 
order founded for fraternal and benevo- 
lent purposes, although in the earlier por- 
tion of its cateer its meetings were char- 
acterized, as were meetings of Freema- 
sons and Odd Fellows of that period, by 
more of the convivial in the way of en- 
tertainment than they have been for the 
past seventy or eighty years. 

"Its ceremonies are founded on the 
mystical rites and the teachings of the 
Druidic priesthood. In ancient Gaul the 
Druids were the religious guides of the 
people, the chief expounders and guard- 
ians of the law, and had the power to in- 
flict penalties. Druidism taught the im- 
mortality and the transmigration of the 
soul. In England it was the custom to 
hold a general Druidic assembly once a 
year, at which human sacrifices were a 
feature, in which, according to the 'En- 
cyclopaedia Brittanica,' criminals were 
generally utilized. 

"Some of those who have made a study 
of the subject think that the decline of 
ancient Druidism was owing to the lack 
of charity and love in its teachings, the 
features which were supplied by Chris- 
tianity ; but they claim for it the credit 
of having preserved in western Europe 
the idea of the unity of God. Christmas, 
Epiphany and Hallowe'en are declared to 
have been originally Druidic holidays. 

"Altars used by the Druids of to-day 
are a representation of .the Druidic crom- 
lech or dolmen, and consist either of three 
stones, one resting upon the other two, or 
one large stone with an opening through 
it. The Constantine dolmen, in Corn- 



September, 1903 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



130 



wall, England, weighs 750 tons. There 
is a single rock at Bombay, in the East 
Indies, which is held in great veneration 
by the natives, the 'rock of purification.' 
A passage through it is considered to ab- 
solve from all sin the person passing. 

''Upon the precepts and traditions of 
ancient Druidism is founded the frater- 
nal secret society known as the United 
Ancient Order of Druids. Its forms of 
initiation and of conferring degrees are 
declared to be recitals and reminders of 
the integrity, simplicity and morality of 
the ancient Druids. The immediate suc- 
cessors of the Ancient Order of Druids, 
like the earlier Odd Fellows and Forest- 
ers, made vigorous claims as to the antiq- 
uity of their organization, even taking it 
back in regular line to the time of Noah. 
But in late years this theory has been 
abandoned. From the first Druidic order 
arose the United Ancient Order, and 
from that, in 1858, a faction seceded and 
called itself the Order of Druids. The 
ceremonial of the United Ancient Order 
is far more elaborate than that of the 
youngest branch, and it is in the older 
branch that the American United An- 
cient Order finds its origin, leaving the 
three jemaining orders of Druids, the 
Ancient, the Loyal and the Order of 
Druids, in England. In the United States 
the United Ancient Order, as may be in- 
ferred, is a moral, social and beneficiary 
assessment secret society. It exists in 
twenty-three States of the Union, and is 
affiliated with the order in England, Ire- 
land and Scotland, in the British colonies, 
in Australia, and Germany. It seeks to 
unite men, irrespective of nation, tongue, 
or creed, for mutual protection and im- 
provement ; to assist socially and mate- 
rially, by counsel, lessons and by encour- 
agement in business, to foster among its 
members the spirit of fraternity and good 
fellowship ; also, by a system of dues and 
benefits, to provide for the relief of the 
sick and destitute, the burial of the dead, 
and the protection of the widows and 
orphans of its deceased members. Appli- 
cants 'for membership must be men of the 
age of eighteen years and upwards, of 
sound bodily health and good moral char- 
acter. 

"The United Ancient Order was plant- 
ed in the United States at New York Citv 



in 1834. In 1839 George Washington 
Lodge, No. I, of Druids, was instituted at 
New York City, and from that time the 
United Ancient Order of Druids in the 
United States grew, spreading first to 
the neighboring State of New Jersey, and 
then to Virginia. In 1834 a governing 
body was formed holding allegiance to 
the English Grand Grove, called the 
Grand Board of Directors of the United 
Ancient Order of Druids of the United 
States of America. This afterwards be- 
came the Supreme Grove of the United 
States. Thomas Wildey, the founder of 
Odd Fellowship in the United States, 
joined the United Ancient Order of 
Druids in April, 1844. The approximate 
total of membership of the United An- 
cient Order in 1896 was in the United 
States, 17,000." 



"ORGANIZED RELIGION OF THE NAT- 
URAL MAN." 

It is strange that men do not under- 
stand in many instances what is meant 
by a secret society in this country where 
there are so many ot them and they are 
so much in evidence in private and in 
public life. There are more secret fra- 
ternities in our land than there are de- 
nominations in the church of Jesus 
Christ, and there are more individual 
lodges than there are individual congre- 
gations. 

Evangelists and pastors are vexing 
their minds with the question, ''Where 
are the men ?" How seldom do we hear 
the answer, "They are largely in the se- 
cret lodges, and there satisfying their 
religious function." 

The matter of life insurance, or even 
the matter of secrecy, is not the deep ob- 
jection to the secret lodges. 

Spreading False Religious Teachias. 

The chief objection to the secret lodges 
is their false religious teaching. And 
this should be the chief reason whv a 
Christian should keep wholly separated 
from them. And this is why a Christian 
minister is under bonds to his Master 
and to all under his instruction to inform 
himself in these matters so as to guard 
sacred interests. 

Good Works Instead of the Atonement. 

I have some acquaintance with the 



140 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1903. 



I'' 



fundamental principles of a number of 
these secret societies, and I have yet to 
see one that is not saturated with the 
virus of false religion. It is the soul-de- 
stroying doctrine of human doing as 
against the need of an atoning Savior. 
Hence the Lord Jesus Christ is excluded 
from the secret lodge. Though there is 
much religion there, and much said about 
"salvation" and "sending to the grand 
lodge above," yet it is not the religion 
of Jesus Christ nor his salvation. 

Thus we find Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, Knights of Pythias, Grand Army of 
the Republic, and then the fraternal in- 
surance societies, as Modern Woodmen 
of two kinds, A. O. U. W. et al., follow 
in their footsteps. These constitute the 
"organized religions of the natural man." 

Diflficulties of Kvangelists. 

Christian workers find it hard to move 
men entrenched in their natural indiflfer- 
ence and hardness of heart. How grave- 
ly is this problem increased in difficulty 
when men meet in great organizations 
and that largely under cover of secrecy 
and are there taught these principles of 
man-made religion ! And how is the mat- 
ter complicated when Christian men are 
found with them and even ministers of 
the gospel of Jesus Christ are found 
bowing at these false altars, and leading 
their devotions, and more than every- 
thing else, giving these men of the world 
countenance by their presence and thus 
lulling their consciences to a fatal slum- 
ber ! And how is the matter further com- 
plicated when great and trusted leaders 
in the hosts of the Lord do not inform 
themselves on these things and so give 
no instruction and warning to those who 
look to them for guidance, as though it 
held no vital relation to the grand on- 
moving of the church of Jesus Christ in 
her stern warfare against sin and in soul- 
saving. 

Our Weapons Not Carnal. 

We must oppose evil with the spiritual 
weapons God has given us as well as in- 
struct in that which is good and right, 
both in order to soul-saving and to the 
glory of God; for he who said that he 
"came to seek and Iv'. s:ive that which 
was lost," said also that he "came to de- 
stroy the works of the devil." And both 
these methods he has laid upon the hands 



and hearts of his followers, and espe- 
cially of his ministers.' In vain is the 
plea of lack of information in regard to 
these societies and their teachings. The 
very presence of so many of these socie- 
ties, and so many overtures made to 
members of our churches, and so many 
men Hocking into them, and so few com- 
paratively coming into the church of Je- 
sus Christ, these things should arouse a 
minister's energies to inform himself and 
warn his people. 

Masonry, .especially, puts men on the 
wrong track for their salvation, teaching- 
that it alone is sufficient for the salva- 
tion of the soul of the devout and faith- 
ful Mason. Here is where the under- 
mining and retarding of the progress of 
the church comes in. Men are turned clear- 
away from the Church and from Christ 
and are led to follow sparks of their own- 
lighting. 'WM. C. PADEN. 

Billings, O. T. 



CHRISTIAN MANLINESS VS. THE LODGE 



REV. J. M. FOSTER, BOSTON. 

David said to Solomon : "Be strong, 
show thyself a man." Paul wrote to the 
Corinthians : ''Quit you like men : be- 
strong." John said : "I write unto you 
young men, because ye are strong." 

There may be a reference to the mas- 
culine rather than the feminine quali- 
ties. Or it may refer to the true type of 
human nature, far below the Deity, and' 
far above the brute. There are false con- 
ceptions of the dignity of human nature 
which must be guarded against. 

In the presence of God man has not 
dignity. Whether you look up from the- 
deepest valley or from the highest moun- 
tain the stars are equally inaccessible. So- 
man in his best and worst estate is infin- 
itely beneath our God. 

Dignity and Natural Greatness of Man. 

When you think of the power of the 
human mind to subdue the earth, forests 
falling before him, and cities rising in the 
plains, mountains tunneled, oceans united 
by canals, continents covered with a net- 
work of railroads and telegraph lines, 
and oceans bridged by steamships and 
cable lines, you say. What dignity is 
here? When you think of man's hero- 
ism, self-sacrifice, integrity and devo- 



September. 11KJ3. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



141 



tion to truth, liberty, law and order, we 
say again. How dignified is man. 

And when you think of the immortal 
spirit in man, capable of holding com- 
munion with God and enjoying an eter- 
nity of Holy happiness with Him, you 
still affirm, How great man's dignity. 

But in the presence of Him who is 
from everlasting to everlasting, who cre- 
ated all things by the word of His pow-er 
and by whom all things exist, who 
touches the mountains and they smoke, 
who cannot look upon sin, and who 
dwells in light that is inaccessible and full 
of glory, man does trot have dignity. 

''When I look up unto the heavens 
which Thine own fingers framed, unto 
the moon and to the stars which were 
by Thee ordained, then say I, What is 
man that Thou of him shouldst mindful 
be? or what the son of man that Thou 
■so kind to him shouldst be ?" "That they 
may know themselves but men the na- 
tions Lord affright." In God's sight, how 
frail is man! 

"The Lord God formed the man out 
of the dust of the ground." "All men 
are in Thy sight as nothing." How fee- 
ble ! "Dust thou art and unto dust thou 
shalt return." "And the voice said, cry; 
and he said, What shall I cryr ? All flesh 
is grass and all the goodliness thereof as 
the flower of the field ; the grass wither- 
•eth and the flower fadeth, because the 
Spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it." 

How sinful! "We are all as an un- 
clean thing in His sight, and our right- 
-eousnesses are as filthy rags." Man looks 
down and sees himself immeasurably ex- 
alted above the beasts. But he looks up 
and sees the abysmal depths from which 
he beholds the infinite God. 

The Lodge Belittles Men. 

But the lodge is a self-constituted hier- 
archy which blind "^olds its victims and 
shuts out this light, inflating their hearts 
with vanity and pride ; their thoughts and 
aspirations on pompous ti:ies. and gaudy 
regalia. 

The true dignity of man does not con- 
sist in the sterner qualities alone. Ask 
the average man as to his idea of man- 
hood. His description will be : A man 
who is strong, fearless, hard-fisted, ten- 
der-hearted, strong-willed, who gives se- 
vere blows and takes them without flinch- 



ing, who is not incapable of the tenderer 
emotions. Iron nerve and will alone 
makes an animal. Boxers are called 
bruisers. They ought to be called brutes ! 
The strongest and wisest are the gentlest 
and humblest. 

God is the High and Holy One, who 
inhabits eternity. And He binds up the 
broken-hearted and heals their wounds. 
W^hen Pilate brought Jesus of Nazareth 
out to the people he said : "Behold the 
man!" He was the man who comforted 
the distressed, wept at the grave of Laz- 
arus, had compassion on the multitudes, 
and healed all manner of sickness. But 
His stern rebukes of the hypocrisy of 
the scribes and Pharisees made His ene- 
mies quail before Him. 

In 1880 Thomas Hughes published a 
little book, "The Manliness of Christ," in 
which he set forth this His well-balanced 
character in fitting terms. But the lodge 
is the enemy of this. It is rooted and 
grounded in selfishness. It limits its care 
to its members, and only those who pay 
their dues can share in this attention. 
True manhood is not what in some circles 
it is supposed to be. There are young 
men who would scorn to comfort their 
weeping sister or help their discouraged 
brother or give their arm to their feeble 
mother or relieve their father of a burden 
too heavy for him, who are not on time at 
their place of work, are not careful of 
their time and money and clothes, be- 
cause they would be like the sons of rich 
men, and who smoke cigarettes, carry 
canes and wear clothing beyond their 
means. This is puerility, it is man's 
degradation. And yet the lodge culti- 
vates just this kind of counterfeit man- 
hood. Men spend on uniforms and ban- 
quets the money that belongs to their 
wives and children. A man often spends 
$150 on lodge regalia, and compels his 
wife to wear a fifty-cent calico dress. 

The Religion of Christ Blevatea. 

The religion of' the Lord Jesus Christ 
makes its appeal to the highest elements 
in human nature. It addresses man as an 
intelligent, responsible, immortal and 
spiritual being. It seeks to restore the 
lost dignity of man. One great doctrine 
of the Bible is the depravitv of man. It 
teaches clearly that man lost favor with 
God, but the laiowledge of and ability to 



142 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1903. 



keep God's law, lost all inclination to- 
ward God and became wholly averse to 
obeying Him. But man is great even in 
his fall, the very ruins of the temple pro- 
claim the grandeur of the temple. 

Far above all others, the great doctrine 
of the scriptures, it seems to us, is the 
incarnation of God's Son, and that speaks 
of the dignity of man. ''God so loved the 
world (the human race) that he gave his. 
only begotten Son that whosoever believ- 
eth in him should not perish, but have 
everlasting life." Here is God's estimate 
of man. ''Being in the form of God he 
thought it not robbery tO' be equal with 
God, but made himself of no reputation 
and took upon him the form of a servant 
and was made in the likeness of men." 
Human nature was taken into union with 
His divine Person. "And being found in 
fashion as a man he humbled himself and 
became obedient unto death even the 
death of the cross." 

God Himself obeyed and suffered to 
the death for His people. He and His 
people are identified. They suffer with 
Him and He with them. They will he 
glorified with Him. They will be with 
Him above the angels. 

But the lodge discards this great sal- 
vation and substitutes a men-devised 
morality and teaches its blinded victims 
that heaven and eternal life are the re- 
ward of their loyalty to their official hier- 
archy. 

Our Lord did not ask men to believe 
in his deity without evidence. 'Tf ye be- 
lieve not me, believe the works." 'Tf I 
had not come among them and spoken, 
then had not had sin, but now they have 
no excuse for their sin." This is the con- 
demnation that light is come into the 
world and men love darkness rather than 
light, because their deeds are evil. ' Men 
shut their eyes upon the clearest evidence. 

The Bible Reveals God to Man. 

The Bible is given as God's word. It 
is a revelation from heaven. Its provi- 
dential preservation through the ages, its 
majesty and purity, the consent of all the 
parts and the scope of the whole which is 
to give all glory to God, are proofs of its 
divinity. There are 400 years between 
the last Old Testament prophet and the 
appearing of the Messiah, and yet the 
Old Testament prophecies and New Tes- 



tament fulfillment respecting our Lord 
correspond as the lock and key. And the 
power of the word to convince and con- 
vert the sinner, to renew society, to up- 
lift humanity, prove that "the words that 
I speak unto you they are spirit and they 
are life.'^ Men are asked as intelligent 
beings to consider the evidence and act. 
But the lodge mutilates this Book by 
eliminating the name of Christ from it 
and using it as the pillars by which the 
human fabric of morality may be sus- 
tained. 

The Bible reveals man's responsibility. 
The animal is moved by instinct. This is 
the law of their being; but man has a 
conscience which accuses or else excuses- 
him. It is God's voice in his soul, teach- 
ing him that there is a Judgment. To 
this the Bible bears witness, "God hath 
appointed a day in which He will judge 
the world by the man Christ Jesus." We 
shall all stand before the judgment seat 
of Christ to give an account of the deeds 
done in the body." "Rejoice, O young- 
man, in thy youth, and let thine heart 
cheer thee all the days of thy youth, and 
walk in the way of thine own understand- 
ing; but know thou that for all this God 
will call thee to give an account." But 
man dies, and "after death the judg- 
ment." 

But the lodge takes God's Judgment 
Day in its own hands, and gives its ver- 
dict here. All who belong to the secret 
oath-bound order are received into the 
Grand Lodge above. This is Satan's 
counterfeit of the Judgment of God. 
Christ calls into exercise the manliest 
qualities of human nature. 

Great battles have been fought. But 
the greatest are in the human soul. "He 
that ruleth his spirit is greater than he 
that taketh the city." I have seen a -man 
of fiery temper, under great provocation, 
lay his hand upon his blazing heart and 
crush the rising anger and answer his as- 
sailant in quiet and reasonable terms. 
That was a victory over which angels re- 
joice. I have seen a man required by his 
employer to do what was manifestly 
wrong. And when told that either it 
must be done or he would be discharged, 
knowing how much this meant to himself 
and his family, kindly and yet resolutely 
replied, "What you ask me to do is 



September, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



u:i 



wrong. I fear God, and will not disobey 
Him. I cannot do what you require." 
That was an exhibition of courage and 
strength that was of God. Every world- 
ly man has his price. But the believer 
can be neither bribed nor forced to diso- 
bey God. He ought to obey God rather 
than man. 

But the lodge takes away this high 
ideal and substitutes obedience to its offi- 
cials as the sine qua non of human merit 
and promotion. Let us discard the earth- 
ly and choose the heavenly ; through life 
accepting our responsibility. ''Quit you 
like men," in the aims of life. The man 
who aims low is ruined. The man who 
aims high rises. The man who aims at 
the infinite through Jesus Christ will be 
transformed and transfigured. 

Some aim only to get rich. They have 
their reward. But money is their god 
and they are like the work of their hands. 
Some aim to have pleasure. But they 
find only apples of Sodom. Some aim to 
gain political preferment. And even in 
their greatest triumphs their souls are 
famishing in the wilderness where is no 
water. But the believer seeks his pur- 
pose in Christ Jesus. "For me to live 
is Christ." His only motive is the love 
of Christ. His only law is the will of 
Christ. His only desire is conformity to 
Christ. And his only hope is to be found 
in Christ. The lodge takes away this su- 
preme purpose and substitutes its selfish 
aims instead. 

''Quit you like men," in your recrea- 
tion. Man must have rest. The bow 
must be unstrung. Eight hours sleep, 
eight hours work, and eight hours recrea- 
tion, has been proposed. How shall the 
last be spent? In idleness, in dissipation, 
or in improvement? The Christian sees 
in this world his Father's house. He 
studies this house. It is the vestibule in- 
to the house not made with hands, eternal 
in the heavens. His leisure is spent in 
preparing others and himself to pass 
from the vestibule into our Father's 
house above. But the lodge diverts at- 
tention from this wise course and de- 
ludes its members with frivolity and gay- 
ety. 

''Quit you like men" in difficult du- 
ties. ]\Ian was made to be the ruler of 
this world. The scepter fell from his 



hand by sin. But the man Christ Jesus 
won back this lost dominion. x\nd all 
who believe in Him. are brought into 
the possession of the lost dominion. Shall 
we as Kings not control ourselves ? Shall 
we be slaves of lust and passion? Shall 
we like Samson be shorn of the locks 
wherein our strength lies and fail to sub- 
due the Kingdom? 

The lodge robs its members of this 
Kingdom and substitutes swords and 
plumes, and epaulets. 

"Quit you like men" in your relations 
to the Lord Jesus Christ. He is the per- 
fect man. In Him we find the only per- 
fect type of manhood. He is the all-suf- 
ficient sacrifice for sin. His blood cleans- 
eth from all sin. He is the Advocate who 
secures for us the favor of God the Fath- 
er. He is the King who sends the Holy 
Ghost to renew the ruined soul, who 
makes us a willing people, and who 
causes all things to work together for 
good to them that love God. The believ- 
er sits at His feet, leans on Him, sur- 
renders his soul to Him cheerfully and 
absolutely, enters into a solemn, mutual 
covenant with Him and receives His 
Spirit as his life. But the lodge rejects 
Christ and substitutes its own vagaries 
instead of "the desire of all nations." The 
lodge is the enemy of all righteousness, 
the deadly foe of manhood. 



THE 

CHRISTIAN 

CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 

Is a beneficiary society with three main 
objects in view: ist. A beneficiary soci- 
ety intended for Christians only. 2d. 
Ultimately to provide homes for those 
of its members who need them, thus 
forming a community peculiar to itself, 
to be free from the saloon, the gambling 
den, the dance hall, and where the secret 
lodge will be unnecessary, and 3d, the 
formation of a more complete church 
system than we now have. For Consti- 
tution, etc., send 2 ct. stamp to Dr. D. 
M. Gillespie, Pres., R. F. D. Xo. 5. Clay 
Center, Kan. 



"To be a good Mason and a good 
Christian at the same time would be trea- 
son to Christ." — Rev. B. T. Roberts, for- 
mer editor of the Free Methodist. 



144 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1903. 



tMlorial* 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTIOIM 

'PRICE— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; singrle copies, ten cents. 

■DISCOIMTIMJAIMCES— We find that a largre number of 
our subscribers prefer not to have their subscriptions 
interrupted and their' files broken in case they fail 
to remit before expiration. IT IS THEREFORE 
A.SSUMED. UNLESS NOTIFICATION TO DIS- 
CONTINUE IS RECEIVED, THAT THE SUB- 
SCRIBER WISHES TO HAVE THE CYNOSURE 
CONTINUED. Notification to discontinue at expi- 
ration can be sent in at any time during the year. 

1>RESEIMTATI0N COPIES— Many persons subscribe for 
THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a sub- 
scription is a present and not regularly authorized 
by the recipient, we will make a memorandum to 
discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for the 
ensuing year. 



Be ye not unequally yoked together 
with unbelievers: for what fellowship 
liath righteousness with unrighteous- 
ness? and what communion hath light 
with darkness? 



ENGLISH COLLEGIANS UNBELIEVERS. 



"Our university men in England to- 
day are almost all agnostics," said Rev. 
Reginald John Campbell of London, En- 
gland, yesterday afternoon at the Univer- 
sity of Chicago. 



FRATERNALS SHOW FIGHT. 



On the ground that serious opposition 
is being offered by the old line life com- 
panies and that the latter exert much 
influence in politics, the Fraternal Club 
of Des Moines, Iowa, composed of rep- 
resentatives of fraternal organizations, at 
a recent meeting decided to try to meet 
the opposition through the same chan- 
nels. In Iowa the fraternal companies, 
according to their representatives, would 
b)e able to control 100,000 votes where 
their interests were directly concerned. 



AN EXPERIENCE VS. AN EXPERIMENT 

Under the above heading, The Peli- 
-can, a regular insurance organ, says in 
part, in its issue of May, 1903 : 



''Many assessment companies which 
began business boasting of what they 
.would accomplish, have realized the hope- 
lessness of struggling against the well- 
known laws of mortality, and in an effort 
to save themselves have tried to reorgan- 
ize their business on a correct basis. 
There are many serious difficulties to 
overcome, however, and at best such re- 
organized companies are experiments." 
* * "^ "The new and reorganized com- 
panies offer an experiment; the estab- 
lished companies offer a record." 



WISHES TO AVOID AN INHERITANCE. 



Would Prohibit tke Organization of Further 
Assessment Companies. 

In his recommendation to the New 
York Legislature, Superintendent Hen- 
dricks advised that a law be passed pro- 
hibiting the formation of any more as- 
sessment companies. The reasons he 
gave were that the assessment system was 
a failure, that the societies were gradually 
disappearing, and that they left behind 
them a heritage of disappointment to 
their policy holders. 
—The Pelican, February, 1903. 

We commend this to the notice of any 
who are fascinated by the Fraternal ignis 
fatuus. 



THE MASTER OF MILLIONS. 



The Watchman, a leading organ of the 
Baptist denomination, published in Bos- 
ton, and having its office in Tremont 
Temple, with which Dr. Lorimer has 
been peculiarly identified, says in a book 
notice of his recent novel, "The Master 
of Millions:" 

''As a disclosure of Dr. Lorimer's own 
attitude toward some current religious 
and social problems the story is by no 
means enigmatical. We can see plainly 
enough what he thinks of Christian Sci- 
ence, of idle luxury, of ecclesiastical mil- 
linery, of chicaneries of stock promoting, 
of the mummeries of secret societies, and 
of the insolent contention that it is better 
for a few to have most of the wealth of 
the nation, for they can use it more wisely 
than the many would if it were more 
equally divided among them." 

This fragment is quoted here for the 



September, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



145 



sake of the allusion to the "mummeries 
of secret societies." As the editor's 
phrase, the language merits consideration 
when used by a religious journal of the 
first standing. 



HOME SEEKERS. 



Those who wish to join an anti-secret 
colony and help build up a new town 
already having two railroads and located 
in southeast corner of North Dakota, will 
do well by writing to J. B. Hazlett, Gen- 
eseo, N. D. (Advt.) 



POTTER'S FIELD AT LAST. 



Forty years ago Elizabeth Howard was 
the most popular woman performing in 
the circus ring, and there was a time 
when for less than an hour's work she 
received $150 each evening. Earlier yet 
she had been a society girl at Montgom- 
ery, Ala. Visiting Richmond just before 
the Civil War, she led the cotillon at the 
chief affair of the season. Here she also 
met and fell in love with a circus clown, 
and the next year one of the oldest fami- 
lies in Alabama learned that this brilliant 
member had signed a contract with a cir- 
cus manager. Miss Howard was forbid- 
den ever to enter her home again. 

One cold winter morning twenty years 
ago, a white-haired woman took her place 
at the intersection of Customhouse and 
Royal streets, in New Orleans, whom the 
newsboys called Old Miss Howard dur- 
ing the score of years in which she there 
sold newspapers. Every morning in the 
year at 3 o'clock she was at Newspaper 
Row ; then at her news stand. After- 
ward she went to her room in the down- 
town French quarter, whence she re- 
turned after a while, passing the corner 
on her way to the levee for a walk and 
always with six dogs. 

If a dog was lost out of her number 
he was replaced by another that filled up 
the exact half dozen. 

Once in her circus days she rescued 
Dan Rice's little niece from a fire, burn- 
ing her "own hand so that she could not 
perform that evening. Instead of the 
most dashing, daring circus woman in 
the ring, the first of all persons of either 
sex to tumble through paper hoops from 



the back of a horse at full gallop, the au- 
dience that night heard the wonderful 
singer of ''Long, Long Ago.' 

Doubtless thoughts of her own long, 
long ago came often to "Old Miss How- 
ard" at her morning task, by which she 
earned for the last twenty years of her 
life about 60 cents a day. The dashing, 
daring rider, singer, dancer and bar per- 
former of her starring times, the society 
girl leading the cotillon, had become a 
white-haired woman, gentle and patient 
in her ways, brave but seldom smiling as 
the score of later years wore away. 

She never left the corner where she 
first set her little rude table as a news 
stand, and there she was, still, the last 
morning of her life. Returning from the 
usual later walk she coughed and 
swooned, was taken into a house, and in 
a few minutes died of homorrhage. She 
had been promised Christian burial by a 
co-operative benevolent association on 
condition of paying 10 cents a week dur- 
ing life. Dues of one dime were lacking 
for the very week in which she died. So 
her poor body was carried at last to the 
Potter's Field. Her last step had slipped ; 
she was out of the ring. 



BOOKS RECEIVED. 

Fannie Crosby's Life Story, by herself ; 
cloth, 160 pages ; published by Every 
Where Publishing Co., New York. In- 
troduction by Will Carleton. 

'The book is sold for the benefit of the 
author, who is now 83 years old, and 
should have a home of her own in which 
to pass her remaining years." Price not 
given. 



Translation of the New Testament 
from the Original Greek, by Rev. W. B. 
Godby, A. M. ; publisher, M. W\ Knapp, 
Cincinnati, Ohio ; price not given. Dr. 
Godby is a prominent writer on holiness, 
and his translation is said to be one of 
the most complete and correct now in ex- 
istence, and to explain many passages 
which have heretofore seemed ambigu- 
ous. 



"I have no sympathy with secret oath- 
bound societies." — Rev. W. G. Moore- 
head, D. D., Xenia, Ohio. 



I 



146 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1903. 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 



A Colored Minister's Views. 

The New York Observer of a late 
date, speaking of secret societies among 
the colored people of the South, said : 

''There is no end to the chain which 
the devil forges for the enslavement of all 
who submit to his devices. It was said 
by a colored clergyman at the recent 
meeting of the American Association, in 
Providence, that secret societies were 
among the great evils which afflict the 
colored race in the South. Memphis has 
eighty-two of them, and almost all the 
adults of both sexes are members of one 
or more of them. He said that they are 
formidable rivals to the churches, waste 
much time and money, and give great 
facilities to bad men to get power and in- 
fluence. The annual picnics of these so- 
cieties are very costly — not less than fifty 
thousand dollars a year in Memphis — 
while the money spent by them for the 
relief of sick members was only two thou- 
sand eight hundred dollars. Again, they 
are a means of bringing the worst and 
the best into intimacies very hurtful to 
those who are trying to keep clean. The 
mystery about them arouses the supersti- 
tious fears of the ignorant, as do those of 
the voodoo and Indian medicine man. 
There are some hopeful signs of a suc- 
cessful revolt against the tyranny of this 
great evil." 



colonial men and the colonial women of 
America thought Franklin worthy to fill 
very responsible positions during colo- 
nial times. 

Lately, when these real colonists have 
long lain in their graves, a company of 
women who were never colonists have 
put their heads together to form a new 
order, and agreed to call each other 
Colonial Dames. Into this order, a de- 
scendant of the great colonist desired to 
come. What must have been her aston- 
ishm'ent when she met rejection on the 
ground that her eminent colonial ances- 
tor was ''not worthy." 

Perhaps it is the new pseudo-Colonial 
Dames themselves who are not worthy. 
They appear to lack the good sense that 
characterized the colonial hero whom 
they start up at this late day to black- 
ball. This is another way in which is 
marked a distinction between them and 
the real colonial dames. But why did 
the genuine colonist appear unworthy 
to the nominal colonists of these late 
times ? They belong to an order which 
Masons may have helped organize and 
direct ; some of them may be also East- 
ern Stars. Did they esteem the philoso- 
pher unworthy, because, when a relative 
asked advice about becoming a Mason, 
he said that "one fool in the family was 
enough ?" The great colonist is not in 
the class with these non-Colonial 
Dames. 



NOT WORTHY. 



Benjamin Franklin was thought 
worthy to represent the cause of the 
American Colonies in the British Par- 
liament, and to be several times a colo- 
nial commissioner to England and to 
various colonies. He established in the 
chief city of the colony of Pennsylvania 
one of the few newspapers published in 
the American colonies. He also estab- 
lished the Philadelphia Library, the 
American Philosophical Society, and the 
University of Pennsylvania, in colonial 
times. He was postmaster general of 
the colonies. 

Franklin was a member of the com- 
mittee appointed by the Colonial Con- 
gress to draft the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, which he also signed. The 



THE SUPREME SECRET, 



A banker in my neighborhood went 
into the lodge after I tried to persuade 
him not to do it. He was at the head 
of a banking institution, a man of 
wealth. That man stepped right into 
the lodge and began his way upward. 
He pushed his way just as fast as it 
was possible for a man to go until at 
last he came to the city and went to the 
highest degree, the very highest he 
could reach. He paid hundreds and 
hundreds of dollars — I have forgotten 
the exact amount — but that man was 
on the stretch to know the last, highest 
good in Masonry, and at last he got 
there and I want to tell you what he 
found. He said in his last initiation they 
adjourned from the lodge to a large 



September. 1908. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



147 



hall, and as they entered, the platform 
was brilliantly illuminated, and he had 
only been seated a few moments in that 
hall when out came a company of young 
women who needed to be waited upon 
by the society for the clothing of desti- 
tute families. They came out there in 
their half nude condition and began their 
ballet dances for the entertainment of 
that crowd. 

He had been promised when he reach- 
ed the top th^t he would^find the Su- 
preme secret, the wonderful mystery 
that would perfect him, and it ended in 
a scene of disgusting confusion. 

The brains of those members he told 
me were addled with drink, and they 
shouted all sorts of things to the girls 
who were dancing to please them, until 
they maddened them, and one and an- 
other retreated and another dashed into 
the very presence of the men and vent- 
ed her rage. He said it was the most 
confusing and disgusting scene he ever 
witnessed ; and that man, after he had 
gone the whole length and paid out- his 
money, felt that he did not get anything 
to help him on his upward way. And 
I want to say if that is what one gets 
in climbing from the bottom to the top, 
let me stay at the bottom and never get 
on to the first round. (Applause.) 

Extract from an address by President 
Ho^ne, Greenville College. 



GRAND ARMY POLITICS. 



Grand Army leaders are believed to be 
ready to demand new legislation enacting 
a service pension law. The effect of this 
would be a universal pension of $12 to all 
survivors of the Civil War, whether dis- 
abled or not. The pension for wounds 
and serious disability would continue 
with the new service pension added. Wid- 
ows of soldiers would also be entitled to 
the proposed pension. 

Existing pension laws require the an- 
nual approi)riation of about $140,000,000 
which the new law might raise toward 
$160,000,000. Yet during the period of 
seventy-five years beginning in 1790 and 
ending in 1865, the entire appropriation 
was only $96,445,000, so that the present 
appropriation for each year exceeds that 
for an entire earlier period of seventy- 



five years by perhaps more than $40,000,- 
000. Legislation enacted since soldiers 
and sailors of the Civil War became pen- 
sioners, largely accounts for this liberal 
increase. Since July i, 1865, the pension 
account has aggregated approximately 
$3,000,000,000. 

Financially, we have been carrying on 
the Civil War ever since 1861, and two 
score years after fighting ceased pensions 
make about four-tenths of our national 
expenditure, or one-tenth less than one- 
half. In later years of the century, two 
dollars of every five paid out by the gov- 
ernment went through the pension bu- 
reau. The test of drain on receipts, also 
shows the liberality of this expenditure 
in a strong light, for, considered as paid 
out of custom house receipts, during the 
period including 1892 and 1897 pension 
appropriations for the same period ex- 
haust almost 88 per cent. : or thought of 
as paid from internal revenue, they ab- 
sorb almost ninety-eight dollars of each 
hundred. High tariff is a well nigh nec- 
essary concomitant of high pension. 

That fraction of the veteran body en- 
titled to pensions which had separated it- 
self into a secret society arrogating to it- 
self the name Grand Army, passed reso- 
lutions at Columbus, Ohio, in 1888, ask- 
ing a service pension for all who had 
served at least sixty days in the Civil 
War. The same year the Republicans 
carried the doubtful State of Indiana in 
the presidential election, taking for their 
gubernatorial candidate the president of 
the Service Pension Association. After 
this election the G. A. R. still pushed for 
a service pension law, but Republican 
leaders hardly venturing then to commit 
the party to a straight service bill inviting 
a veto from Cleveland or Harrison, sub- 
stituted the unprecedented law of June 
2^, 1890. It benefits no one pensioned on 
account of other wars, but is exclusively 
a Civil War pension, apparently enacted 
to placate the G. A. R. society. This 
law is costing between sixty and seventy 
millions a year and has cost in the ag- 
gregate since 1890 about $700,000,000. 

The society is now supposed to be 
about to renew the attack, attempting to 
obtain a simple service pension law with 
l^rovisions exceeding even those which 
Republican leaders would not risk advo- 



148 



CHRISTIAK OYNOSURE. 



September, 1903. 



eating in 1890. Whether existing laws 
are in any way different from what they 
ought to have been, or whether the pro- 
posed law is desirable or undesirable, is 
a question upon which we do not enter 
here. The only point we maintain is that 
activity in financial legislation of the most 
ponderous kind plainly marks this secret 
society as a political cabal. It is made 
unnecessary to inquire about the exact 
words in which the candidate swears to 
"sustain for all offices of trust and profit, 
other things being equal, the citizen sol- 
dier of the republic." Without this hall- 
mark it would yet be enough to know 
that the G. A. R. is a secret society actu- 
ally using vast political powers to influ- 
ence important financial legislation and 
accomplish the addition of many millions 
to the permanent expenditures of the na- 
tional government. The G. A. R. society 
performs the functions of a secret politi- 
cal order. 



PRESIDENT WRITES SECRETARY. 

Assistant Foreman Miller, of the Gov- 
ernment printing office in Washington, 
was removed from his position May 18. 
He thereupon filed with the Civil Service 
Commission a complaint alleging that his 
removal was in violation of the Civil Ser- 
vice law and rules. The Commission hav- 
ing investigated the complaint made the 
following report to the Public Printer, 
Mr. Palmer : 

"Sectioh 2 of civil service rule 12, govern- 
ing removals, provides that no person shall 
be removed from a competitive position ex- 
cept for such cause as will promote the effi- 
ciency of tthe public service. The commis- 
sion does not consider expulsion from a labor 
union, being the action of a body in no way 
connected with the pulblic service, nor hav- 
ing authority over public employes, to be 
such a cause as will promote the efficiency 
of the public service. As the only reason 
given by you for your removal of Mr. Miller 
is that he was expelled from Local Union No. 
4, International Brotherhood of Bookbinders, 
we are advised that the commission cannot 
recognize his removal, and must request that 
lie be reassigned to duty in his position." 

Simultaneously with the Civil Service 
Commission the cabinet Secretary of 
Commerce and Labor investigated the 
case of Mr. Miller under direction of 



President Roosevelt. Consequently the 
two following letters were written : 

Oyster Bay, N. Y., July 13, 1903. 

My Dear Secretary Cortelyou : In ac- 
cordance with the letter of the Civil Ser- 
vice Commission of July 6, the Public 
Printer will reinstate Mr. W. A. Miller 
in his position. Meanwhile I will with- 
hold my final decision of the whole case 
until I have received the report of the 
investigation on Miller's second com- 
munication, which you notify me has been 
begun to-day, July 13. 

On the face of the papers presented 
Miller would appear to have been re- 
moved in violation of law. There is no 
objection to the employes of the govern- 
ment printing office constituting them- 
selves into a union if they so desire, but 
no rules or resolutions of that union can 
be permitted to over-ride the laws of the 
United States, which it is my sworn duty 
to enforce. 

Please communicate a copy of this let- 
ter to the Public Printer for his informa- 
tion and that of his subordinates. Very 
truly yours, Theodore Roosevelt. 

Hon. George B. Cortelyou, Secretary of 

Commerce and Labor. 

Oyster Bay, N. Y., July 14, 1903. 

My Dear Cortelyou : In connection 
with my letter of yesterday I call atten- 
tion to this judgment and award by the 
anthracite coal strike commission ^in its 
report to me of March 18 last : 

It is adjudged and awarded that no 
person shall be refused employment or in 
any way discriminated against on ac- 
count of membership or non-membership 
in any labor organization, and that there 
shall be no discrimination against, or in- 
terference with any employe who is not 
a member of any labor organization by 
members of such organization. 

I heartily approved of this award and 
judgment by the commission which was 
appointed by me, which itself included a 
member of a labor union. This commis- 
sion was dealing with labor organizations 
working for private employers. It is of 
course mere elementary decency to re- 
quire that all the government departments 
shall be handled in accordance with the 
principle thus clearly and fearlessly enun- 
ciated. 

Please furnish a copy of this letter both 



SeptemlVer, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



149 



to Mr. Palmer and to the Civil Service 
Commission for their guidance. Sincere- 
ly yours, Theodore Roosevelt. 
Hon. Geo. B. Cortelyou, Secretary of 

Commerce and Labor. 

Mr. Palmer, the Public Printer, noti- 
fied Mr. Miller, July 15, that he was rein- 
stated and could report any day for duty. 

One week later, July 22, Mr. Barrett, 
who is president of the Washington un- 
ion of bookbinders, announced that if Mr. 
Miller, whose dismissal from the govern- 
ment printing office had been annulled by 
the President of the United States, were 
allowed to occupy his former government 
position, the members of the allied unions 
would leave their work. The same day 
the officials of the union sent a communi- 
cation to Secretary Cortelyou strongly 
expressing their opposition. 

Mr. Miller went back, however, with 
the understanding that if he should be 
discharged, it would be by the United 
States Government and not by a trades 
union, and all hands held on to their own 
positions and kept at work. The union, 
however, will not let Miller alone. The 
latest is an attack upon his character. 



A DELUSIVE WORD. 



Two chapters of that bright serial, 
**The Winner," now running in the Bap- 
tist Young People, give an account of a 
public debate by pupils of the high 
school. From the opening speech of the 
negative we select the following para- 
graphs. They have additional interest 
from the fact that an earlier serial by the 
same author, Tomlinson, published now 
in book form by the society that issues 
Young People, was marred by its use of 
a college Greek letter society. Will 
Phelps, opening the negative on the 
question of Labor Unions, says among 
other things : 

"Third. It will require no proof to 
convince you, gentlemen, that the trades 
unions interfere with the rights — and I 
use the word 'rig'hts' advisedly — of the 
individual workman. He is not free to 
sell his labor in the open market, he can 
neither work for whom he will, nor 
when, nor how long he wills. This is a 
direct denial of the first right of Ameri- 



can citizenship, and therefore it cannot 
be an advantage to any one. 

"Fifth. We shall, I trust, be able to 
convince you that the tyranny of the 
unions is greater t'han that of the Sultan 
of Turkey or the Czar of the Russias. 
Many a man has been compelled to join 
whose heart and soul have rebelled. 
And yet join he must if he would still 
be able to obtain bread for his wife and 
little ones. It is not a question of work 
and eat, but of joining the union or 
starve. A worse form of tyranny, gen- 
tlemen, never existed in this land or any 
other. 

"The delusive word 'brotherhood' has 
been dragged low in the dust. To say 
to a man that you must be a 'brother' 
or starve — is that what we have a 
right to expect when that noble word is 
used ? How long could any family exist 
with such a spirit in its midst? And in 
the eyes of the law all men are created 
free and equal. Before the state, hig'h 
and low, the rich and poor are all broth- 
ers. But the new word is like the broth- 
erhood of Captain Kidd. It begins oft- 
times in bitterness, it sows seeds of dis- 
cord, discontent, envy, jealousy, selfish- 
ness. Yes, it sows to the wind and will 
reap, as in fact it is already reaping, the 
whirlwind." 



DANGER OF MASONIC RAILROADING. 

There is little doubt but that Masonry 
is much, too rapid nowadays, greatly to 
the detriment of the order. A newly- 
raised Master Mason, long before he is 
able to stand a creditable examination in 
the Third Degree, is railroaded through 
the Chapter, quickly followed by being 
dubbed a Knight, then he has the Scot- 
tish Rite from the Fourth to the Thirty- 
second Degree communicated, takes a 
whirling journey across the burning 
sands to the Shrine, is decked off with 
gorgeous emblems and charms indicating 
his "high degrees" attained through the 
only merit of a plethoric purse, buta per- 
fect Masonic ignoramus except in the first 
two degrees, if, indeed, he has not, in the 
crowding and jumble, forgotten what he 
learned there. 

All this tends to reduce the "high de- 
grees" into a Masonic farce. Is this class 



150 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Septenxoer, 1903. 



of Mason a wiser and better man by rea- 
son of his Masonic eminence? He poses 
as a shining Masonic light, while he even 
could not give a rational explanation of 
the Master Mason's obligation, much less 
repeat it verbatim. Through proficiency 
and tried worthiness only should he be 
advanced in Masonic rank, and if this 
rapid way of conferring degrees is al- 
lowed to continue, growing from bad to 
worse, we, in the United States, will soon 
reach a point charged against the Su- 
preme Council of Mexico Thirty-third 
Degree of giving the Thirty-third 

Degree to a profane. 
—Texas Freemason, 

Possibly there are few more prevalent 
misconceptions concerning the order than 
to suppose all Masons to understand Ma- 
sonry and understand it alike. 



' What a speechifier Roosevelt is ! He 
began Masonic speechmaking almost as 
soon as he had barely peeped inside a 
lodge. 



BIBLE AS FOUNDATION. 



For the sake of argument, let it be 
granted that Masonry is as old as the 
time of Solomon. Let it also be recog- 
nized as an unchanging rule of Masonry 
to keep the Bible on the lodge altar, an<l 
make a most essential part of initiation, 
taking the Oath on the Bible. Let us not 
dispute for the time being, that Mason- 
ry is ''founded on the Bible." 

We are thus carried back, if not histor- 
ically, at least in imagination, to the time 
of temple building and the lodge presi- 
dency of King Solomon. It is no less a 
personage than the sovereign who con- 
ducts the initiation, and it is he who sanc- 
tions those unalterable landmarks and 
permanent forms, which have unified Ma- 
sonry in all ages of the world, and 
brought it down unaltered and unimpair- 
ed to the present time. 

The first Jewish and Phoenician candi- 
dates are admitted one by one, and repeat 
after the king the perpetual obligation. 
Afterward, through the ages following, 
zealous brethren, known or unknown, 
recognized or hidden, — perpetuate the an- 
cient mysteries of the Masonic order, and 
continue in the world the wonderful 



works of Solomon. Candidates, in all in- 
termediate generations, still come to the 
tyled door seeking light, and, one by one, 
kneeling at the altar, extend their hands 
to assume the obligation. Ever is the or- 
der founded on the Bible. Always one 
permanent institution, unchanging and 
perfect from the beginning, it derives its 
wisdom from the Bible, takes its initia- 
tory oath of obligation on the Bible, and 
so orders all rules, principles and cus- 
toms as to show itself to its inner pupils 
as founded on the Bible, 

When Solomon began this unvarying 
course, where did he get his copy of the 
Bible ? Not from the Temple not yet 
builded. Not from the palace, for that 
contained none ; not from the Tabernacle, 
for its specified contents never included 
more than a portion of the Bible. It does 
not appear that Solomon had previously 
seen a Bible. Where did he obtain the 
copy necessary to a true Masonic altar 
and real Masonic ceremonies? How did 
he find the one by means of which he was 
able so to fashion Masonry as to secure 
its being "founded on the Bible?" The 
Biblican landmark runs back like a geo- 
metric line; it extends to the beginning; 
thus the Bible is necessarily there. About 
that, we raise no question ; all we ask is 
where it came from. But for Masonry, 
we would not have known that Solomon 
ever saw one. From the building of the 
Temple until the appearance of the Star 
of Bethlehem, the gospels and epistles 
must have been unknown outside the Ma- 
sonic lodge, within which they were 
handed down and sworn upon. What 
would a benighted world have done if it 
had not always contained Freemasonrv, 
''founded on the Bible ?" 



EVIL FELLOWSHIP. 



If nothing else condemned Freema- 
sonry, it would be conclusively con- 
demned by the third point of fellowship 
worked and explained in the third de- 
gree. This evil feature should never be 
forgotten. It enslaves the virtuous 
while it helps the wicked. It puts a 
good man at the mercy of a bad man. 
It "calls good evil and evil good." It is 
a moral perversion, detestable in concep- 
tion, mischievous in practice, and invit- 



September, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



lol 



ing the abhorrence and resistance of all 
good men. Among the vile features of 
Freemasonry, it is perhaps one of the 
most opposite to the sense of honor ac- 
credited to all decent men. 

It is that obligation which compels 
silence in the presence of any wrong. 
Its perpetrator need only have gone 
some evening throug^h a certain rigma- 
role : he then has a halter around the 
neck of any otherwise honorable citizen 
who has been put through the same cere- 
mony and made participant in the same 
mummery. No seducer can be checked 
before his victim is quite ruined ; no 
burglar can be halted at the threshold 
or pointed out afterward; no worthy 
action can be done by the poor Masonic 
slave. 

Griswold commits arson and remains 
a worthy brother in Connecticut State 
prison, unimpeached in Blue Lodge, 
Royal Arch Chapter, or Commandery. 
Jackson, who tells the truth about Gris- 
wold, on the witness stand, is expelled 
from all. This is less than ten years ago 
in the city of the Charter Oak ; and this 
is according to the third point of fellow- 
ship introduced in the Blue Lodge, and 
retained in the chapter until the chain is, 
if possible, more firmly riveted. 

About the same time a judge of the 
Supreme Court in a Western State, has 
a lawyer arrested for giving him the 
Masonic grand hailing sign in court. 
The lawyer then telegraphs to Masons 
in another place for assistance. He also 
threatens to carry the judge's act into 
the Grand Lodge. He may have read 
what a recognized Masonic authority 
wrote: ''No law of the land can weak- 
en it." 

Civil liberty relies on the law of the 
land as interpreted and applied" by the 
judiciary. Courts interpret law and di- 
rect enforcement of law. To interfere is 
lawlessness. If, as has often seemed 
evident. Masonry interferes, Masonry is 
lawless and breeds lawlessness. If law 
secures liberty, lawlessness is against 
liberty. If Masonry is thus lawless. Ma- 
sonry antagonizes liberty. This is not 
inconsistent, for the third point of fel- 
lowship directly makes the initiate a 
prisoner and a slave. 



WELCOMED BY GAMBLING. 



On Monday evening the Scottish Rite 
Masons and their families met at the 
Masonic Cathedral for a grand reunion 
and to pay their respects to Bro. Charles 
L. Pierce, 33d degree, and Past Grand 
Master of the Grand Consistory of the 
State of California. Mr. Pierce and his 
wife had been absent from this city for 
three months on an extended Eastern 
trip. As a welcome home-coming to 
them this reception was given. At 8 
o'clock Albert L. Smith announced that 
the first part of the evening would be 
passed in cards. The first prize for gen- 
tlemen was captured by William T. 
Hamilton, Mrs. Peterson winning the 
first prize for the ladies. Edward H. 
Morgan, 33d degre, then called Charles 
L. Pierce to the platform, stating with 
words of love and respect that the Scot- 
tish Rite Masons of Oakland appreciated 
all 'he had done for the order ; also the 
laborious work he and his wife had ac- 
complished at the late Masonic festival 
in San Francisco. In token, as repre- 
sentative of the order in Oakland, Mr. 
Morgan presented Mr. Pierce with a 
beautiful silver tea service. Mr. Pierce 
thanked the brethren and the ladies in a 
few well chosen remarks for their kind 
remembrance and good wishes. Some 
time ago the order presented Mrs. 
Pierce with a handsome engrossed set 
of resolutions for her untiring work at 
the Masonic festival. After congratu- 
lations had been exchanged the honored 
guests were conducted to the banquet 

hall, where a collation was enjoyed. 
—Oakland (Cal.) Tribune. 



AVERAGE ACTIVE LIFE. 



Speaking of his seven years' service 
on the Texas Freemason the editor 
says : "We have reached the average 
active life of a Freemason." If Masons 
are actively connected with the lodge 
during the average period of only seven 
"years, naturally a few questions are to 
be asked or a few inferences drawn. 



An act of kindness planted in good soil 
is better than an orchard planted on the 
hillside. 



152 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September. 19US. 



ieni0 of ®ttt Pori 



The churches favoring reform princi- 
ples in the State of Indiana are hereby no- 
tified that Dr. Dillon of Huntington, Ind., 
has been secured by the National Chris- 
tian Association for the month of Octo- 
ber, 1903, to work in that State. He will 
visit a number of places, and deliver lec- 
tures, and work in, the interest of reform. 
He asks the co-operation of all who love 
the truth in sincerity. - Those wishing lec- 
tures will address Rev. Wm. Dillon, D. 
D., Huntington, Ind., or Secretary Wm. 
I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chi- 
cago. 

The services of Rev. M. E. Remmele, 
of Allegan, Mich., have been definitely 
promised for one month's work in Michi- 
gan. 



The brethren Dillon and Remmele can 
do very little without the co-operation of 
others. Every one ought to plan and pray 
and pay for this part of God's work. 



You can send the Christian Cynosure 
from now until January, 1904, to your 
friends and neighbors for 25 cents. Can 
you be faithful to them and bear your 
testimony in any other way so /cheaply 
and efficiently? 



Our Ohio agent, Elder Quincy Leck- 
rone, has been over the line, laboring in 
Indiana in the interest of the reform. The 
Indiana people may make good use of our 
brother if they will write him at Glenford, 
Ohio. 



The editor gave an address last month 
at the Wheaton Conference of Christian 
Workers, and spent some time in Detroit, 
Michigan, and other places in the inter- 
ests of the Association. 



Mr. Jasper Barnthause, Markleysburg, 
Pa., writes : "The Oddfellows are keep- 
ing very quiet, and others tell me that 
they see things quite differently since 
the Mechanicsburg (Pa.) convention. 
Some that had made up their minds to 
join the Oddfellows now say they will 
never join." 



It rests with the friends of the cause in 
Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri and Nebraska 
whether they will have conventions this 
fall and winter, and whether they will 
have the experience and aid of Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard for a few weeks' work in 
each of their States. Money is needed 
in preparing for the conventions, for the 
advertising, for the literature used and 
the expenses of the agent. You can send 
your pledges or contributions for your 
own State directly to this office, with your 
wishes as to place and time for your State 
work and convention. 



Charles A. Kellogg, of Missouri, writes 
of his bearing needed testimony against 
the lodge before the Epworth League of 
his church. No one duty is perhaps more 
generally neglected at the present time 
than that of warning our brethren against 
things that we see are detrimental to them 
and the kingdom of Christ. May God's 
special blessing rest upon Brother Kel- 
logg, and those like him, who, seeing the 
enemy come in like a flood, are faithful in 
raising a standard. 



On June 28 last, Rev. S. P. Long de- 
livered a sermon ori secret societies at 
the First Lutheran Church in Mansfield,. 
Ohio. It is a strong address, and will 
make a powerful impression upon the 
readers of the Mansfield News, in spite 
of the efforts of the editor to break its 
force. It is rather remarkable that a 
local paper shou'ld publish about one 
hundred and eighty inches of solid mat- 
ter against the secret society system. 
This is perhaps one of the signs of the 
speedy deliverance of the newspaper 
press from lodge thraldom. The Chi- 
cago dailies have recently had very vig- 
orous denunciations of the labor unions 
for their spirit of tyranny and murder. 
Nor is the protest wholly confined to the 
Chicago press. John C. Driscoll, a labor 
unionist, of the Chicago Associated 
Teaming Interests, has condemned in 
the strongest terms a circular which was 
issued by the Freight Handlers' Union, 
advising the starving of the women and 
children of non-union men because they 
were men enough to work for the sup- 
port of their families. 



September, 1U03. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



PRESIDENT'S LETTER. 

August 8, 1903. 
Dear Frknds and FelloAv-Workers : — 

Last month I sent you my first letter of 
this year, in which I called your attention 
to the fundamental issues. I exhorted 
you to action, and suggested that the offi- 
cers of the Association, myself or others, 
would be glad to serve you as the needs 
of your respective communities might re- 
quire. 

I desire this month to say a few words 
as to the spirit and method of our work. 
There is no mistake which would be more 
fatal than that of supposing a simple 
proclamation of truth will, of itself, ac- 
complish a desirable end. "Speaking the 
Truth in Love," is the rule of God's 
■Word (Eph. 4: 15), and a person who is 
not willing to do that need not speak it 
at all, so far as accomplishing any val- 
uable purpose is concerned. A harsh, cen- 
sorious, self-righteous spirit will result in 
intensifying the power of evil over human 
souls, not in breaking it. 

''Now abideth faith, hope and love, but 
the greatest of these is love" (L Cor. 13 : 
13). A real Christian love for man, 
founded on the knowledge of God, and 
the knowledge of ourselves as saved from 
wrath through Christ, will make us valua- 
ble in this, as in every other great work. 
There is no other spirit which will make 
us helpful anywhere. 

Many truths are yery hard to bear. 
'The Word of God is quick (living) and 
powerful, and sharper than any two-edged 
sword, piercing even to the dividing asun- 
der of soul and spirit, and is a discerner 
of the thoughts and intents of the heart" 
(Hebrews 4: 12). But human contempt, 
anger, wrath, and pride do not help the 
Word of God. They hinder it from pro- 
ducing its legitimate effect. There is no 
question but that the hard truths which 
we ought to speak and which we must 



speak, if we are faithful, will usually in- 
jure rather than help, unless we have the 
Spirit of God. 

"God is love. If we love one another, 
God dwelleth in us, and His love is per- 
fected in us" (L John 4 : 8 and 12). Very 
hard things can be said, and will do their 
blessed work if we truly love God and 
those to whom we speak. May God grant 
this grace to each one of us. 

In the next place, there should be a 
'^reat deal more courage. It is wonderful 
how easy it is to drop into a low tone of 
voice when speaking in regard to this or 
any other question on which Satan is 
making fight. It is wonderful how easy 
»it is to pass the question by, and talk 
about other things which involve less of 
cross. We should seek to learn whether 
we have a courageous spirit ; and if we 
have not, we should pray for one. "God 
has not given us a spirit of fear, but of 
power, and of love, and of .a sound mind" 
(II. Timothy 1:7). If we are afraid, we 
may be sure that that spirit is not from 
God. God does not give that spirit to 
any one, but a spirit of courage ; and we 
should appropriate and use it gladly, con- 
tinually. We have no occasion to be 
afraid ; if we are redeemed by the Blood 
of Jesus, occupied by the Holy Spirit, and 
engaged in God's work, all the power that 
God has is pledged to our support. No 
man ever yet trusted in Him and was 
made ashamed. The devil has cast men 
into prison, has had men slaughtered ; but 
he has never had a saint defeated, and 
never will have a saint defeated. So let 
us bear the testimony which God gives, 
and be faithful and happy, as we have a 
right to be. 

This last remark leads me to say that 
we should be not only happy, loving and 
courageous, but we should be cheerful. 
Murmuring and complaining are no part 
of a saint's occupation (Jude i6j. Mur- 
murers, complainers, whiners— how easy 



154 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1908. 



it is to get inito this bad company! Yet 
no Christian is ever called to such a ses- 
sion. The whole question is, Whose are 
we, and whom do we serve? If we be- 
long to God, we are heirs with Christ to 
eternal glories. What call have people 
who have such an inheritance to murmur- 
mg and complaining? The fact is, when 
we are not glad, we are not thankful. 
Thankfulness leads to joy, and a Chris- 
tian j oy leads to thanksgiving. 

With these three most important facts 
in mind, suffer a suggestion or two about 
method of work. lit has been the plan of 
God from the beginning to forward His 
cause by means of testimony. "They 
overcame him by the Blood of the Lamb 
and by the word of their testimony"' 
(Rev. 12: 1 1). A hundred different 
meetings ought to be held where now we 
are holding one. These meetings do not 
require to be in churches and halls. It is 
quite right to use either or both of these 
whenever they are avaiilable, but there are 
plenty of places aside from them. A pri- 
vate house, a dooryard or a street, any 
one of them is available for the meeting, 
and the meeting may consist of two per- 
sons or more. 

We need to rouse ourselves to labor. 

Our Cause is making progress quite as 
much as we have any right to expect, in 
view of the amount of labor we are per- 
forming. If we do more work, there will 
be more accomplished ; for God is with 
us, and we ought to be happily at work. 
God bless you all. 

Your friend and fellow-servant, 

Charles A, Blanchard. 



FROM ROUND PRAIRIE. 



Another Crisis in the A. O. U. W, 



"Let patience have her perfect work" 
and bring forth celestial fruits. Trust 
to God to weave your little thread into a 
web, though the pattern show not yet. — 
George MacDonald. 



Wm. I. Phillips, Chicago, 111. : 

Dear Sir— On Sunday, the 9th inst., I 
was invited to preach a jubilee sermon 
commemorating the fiftieth anniversary 
of the Norwegian synod to Round Prairie 
(Iowa) congregation. Rev. O. A. Sauer, 
pastor. In the afternoon the young peo- 
ple, and old people, too, listened to a lec- 
ture on secret societies. It has been ru- 
mored that the Freemasons have been 
able to lead a member astray. The sus- 
pected one was not present at the lecture, 
but we 'trust that the young people were 
strengthened in their opposition to secret- 
ism. 

It is interesting to note that the A. O. 
U, W. now has had to meet the question : 
"To be or not to be." They now admit 
that at the present way of doing business 
they are doomed to certain destruction. 
The Grand Lodge has made changes in 
order to keep alive awhile yet. The fu- 
ture will tell how well they succeed. 

O. T. Lee. 

Northwood, Iowa, Aug. 13, 1903. 



ODESSA AND CATHARINE, NEW YORK. 



We grow strong by duties performed. 
We grow morally and spiritually weak 
by duties neglected. 



Dear Brother Phillips : Verily I am at 
fault. It is due to the good friends at 
Odessa and Catharine, N. Y., that mien- 
tion be made of the cordial greeting 
which I received and the deep interest 
they showed in the work of reform. The 
community, as you know, partakes of the 
rural, but, judging from those I met, it is 
not deficient in courtesy, intelligence or 
Christian enterprise. 

Rev. J. C. French received me with 
brotherly kindness, and did all possible 
for my comfort and to make the special 
object of my visit a success. I was much 
interested in an account of his labors in 
Africa, where he had been a missionary 
for several years. Our meetings were 
held in the church of which he is pastor, 
and which, as I learned, is one of the old 
landmarks in reforms. ' After an almost 
continuous drought of forty-five days, a 
refreshing and welcome shower dimin- 
ished the audience somewhat at our first 
gathering; but the faithful were there, 



•Selit ember, 11>03. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



155 



and, best of all, ''God was with us." 
Brother Couch and family, from Cath- 
arine, were on hand, with a conveyance of 
ample dimensions, in which they kindly 
made "room for one more.' 

At this superbly located and tastefully 
kept home I was hospitably entertained 
and refreshed by Christian fellowship 
within and nature's charming exhibit 
without. His ample estate was studded 
with evidences of diligence and thrift, 
while barns and accessories were 
thronged with poultry and live farm 
products for the market. Here, too, I 
learned something of the philanthropic 
and educational work which Brother 
Couch and his industrious wife have been 
carrying on for years. In this they are 
most heartily supplemented by some whom 
"they have nourished and brought up," 
while others have left the parental hive 
and gone forth to battle with the evils and 
selfishness of an unsympathizing world. 
Without ostentation, but in a humble, 
quiet way, this fountain is sending out 
streams of blessing to cheer and refresh 
the sorrowing in waste places of our 
land. I shall long hold my visit in grate- 
ful remembrance, and ever pray that ''the 
peace of God which passeth knowledge" 
may abide with those whose debtor I am. 

Our second gathering was better at- 
tended, and after its close a gentleman 
came to me and confirmed what I had 
said, from a personal knowledge of Ma- 
sonry, which he had been constrained to 
abandon for Christ's and conscience' 
sake. A pastor from a neighboring town, 
providentially present, gave an effective 
testimony against Odd Fellowship which 
added much to the efficiency of the ser- 
vice. 

June II Brother Couch conveyed me 
to the station at Moutour Falls, where we 
parted, and I took a train homeward 
bound, glad to have met and personally 
known those staunch defenders of the 
faith and fearless opponents of the whole 
lodge system. 

James P. Stoddard. 

Athol, Mass., July 21, 1903. 



A LECTURE AT COLUMBIANA, O. 



Wherefore come out from among 
them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, 
and touch not the unclean thing. — H. 
Cor. vi., 14, 15, 17. 



Dear Cynosure : July the 27th I met 
with a very large audience in the Men- 
nonite Church near Columbiana, Ohio, to 
discuss secret societies. I had spoken to 
these people five years ago, and I find 
that they have lost none of their interest 
in the subject. They have a very large 
and influential congregation at this place, 
and their ministers are fearless in their 
opposition to the lodge. Next evening I 

spoke in the Brethren church in the same 
community, and again was greeted by a 
large crowd. The interest manifested by 
these friends shows that the leaders of 
the people have not been slack in warn- 
ing them against the evils of the lodge, 
which has become so strongly rooted in 
some churches that the ministers are 
afraid to speak that which they know to 
be the truth. 

A strong sentiment was expressed to 
have a few lectures in the town of Colum- 
biana, and if suitable arrangements can 
be made, the lectures will be given in the 
near future. 

During the two lectures just given 
there was the usual detail of petty lodge 
men standing around on the edge of the 
crowd, declaring that some of the things 
said were false and proclaiming the ig- 
norance of the lecturer. Of course it 
takes some men a long time to learn that 
when they are only Entered Apprentices 
they have not yet been introduced to very 
many of the mysteries of Masonry, and 
that is the class of men who set up the 
howl. Ignorance makes some men mon- 
strously knowing, in their own estima- 
tion. 

Recently, in a community where I reg- 
ularly hold service, a man died. He be- 
lieved in God and the church, and when 
asked why he did not make a profession 
of Christianity and unite with the church, 
he pointed to the three links and said : 
'*How can I give that up?" When he 
died they said of him, "He has gone to 
the Grand Lodge above." If that were 
true he is not with the church trium- 
phant. 

Ouincy Leckrone. 

Cilenford. Cjhio. 






150 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September. 190.3. 



SECRETARY STODDARD'S LETTER. 



Fairgrove, Mich., Aug. j8, 1903. 

Dear Cynosure : I have traveled much 
and spoken frequently during the month 
past. In the ten days spent in Phila- 
delphia and north, I spoke in the Ger- 
man Baptist Brethren Churches at Oaks, 
Pa. ; Geiger Memorial, Philadelphia ; and 
Germantown, Pa. These meetings were 
well attended and helpful. 

In the United Evangelical Church, 
Lansdale, Pa., I spoke to a congregation 
which gave close attention and a good 
collection. I stated in the address given 
here that I had never known a man who 
did his duty by the church as he should 
and at the same time was a zealous lodge 
attendant. At the close, Mr. Samuel 
Shaw, of 1026 Arch street, Philadelphia, 
was introduced to me. He declared that 
he was the man I was looking for ; he 
both did ihis duty as a church member and 
was a zealous Mason. He affirmed that 
the man who said that Masonry rejected 
Christ lied. He said that Christ was ac- 
knowledged in the Knight Templar de- 
gree. When his attention was called to 
the way that Christ's name was used ; that 
it was abused as any profane swearer 
w^ould abuse it ; that the candidate when 
using it was required to drink wine from 
the skull and invoke double damnation on 
his soul if he ever revealed the foolish 
wickedness, Mr. Shaw replied, "Well, 
you have the com;munion in the church." 
I still think I will have to look for the 
man, as I do not believe that a man who 
does not distinguish between drinking 
from a skull in a lodge room and partak- 
ing of the communion is a competent man 
to judge as to whether he is doing his 
duty by the church or anything else that 
is good. 

Our friends in Washington, D. C, 
Alexandria, , Va., and elsewhere in that 
section were cordial as ever. I took part, 
as usual, in the service at the People's 
Mission. Visiting the Brethren Church 
in Washington, I found a Brother Early, 
professor of Union Bridge College, 
preaching. He presented an able sermon 
from the text, ''He (Christ) doeth all 
things well." I am invited to visit this 
college and give an address. 

Visiting some of the towns in Somer- 



set County, Pa., where I had previously 
worked, I was glad to note progress. Our 
friends are more than they were, and I 
rejoiced to note an establishment in re- 
form principles that can only obtain 
where there is sufficient knowledge. My 
route was via Meyersdale and Salisbury 
to the Springs, where I was privileged 
to speak again in the Mennonite Church, 
The Christian Cynosure list at this point 
was considerably enlarged. I noted the 
Salisbury Knights of Pythias are to be 
commended for their honesty. At the 
bottom of the advertisement on the door 
leading to their lodge room they have a 
grinning skull and crossbones. I have 
never noted another lodge of this order 
which so publicly announced the spiritual 
poison kept in stock. Any persons in Sal- 
isbury desiring this kind of poison can 
tell, if they understand this sign, just 
where it is to be obtained. I would rec- 
ommend such a sigTi to all lodges of this 
kind. Be honest, put out 'tJhe right sign, 
so that people will not be deceived. 

Over the hills, through Grantsville, 
Cove, Accident and Friendsville, Md., to 
what is known as Glade Church, I went 
by stage, private conveyance, and on foot. 
It was delightful indeed to see wild Na- 
ture in all her grandeur. Aside from the 
cutting of the forests, these hills and val- 
leys stand forth much as God made them. 
Blind would be tihe man who could not 
behold His majesty in these works of His 
creation. A warm welcome awaited me 
at the home of Elder Jasper Barnthouse. 
I remained in this section over Sabbath, 
preaching twice to good congregations. I 
could not begin to eat half these good 
people provided for me. If eating is the 
thing, surely "they that wait on the Lord 
shall not lack any good thing" in this 
part of the country. 

One year ago, when I gave a series of 
anti-secrecy lectures here, the Odd Fel- 
lows were stirring and getting many to 
join them. Since my lectures some have 
left the lodge, and very little is heard 
from them. It is thought by some that 
the prospect for their breaking up is very 
good. Stops were made en route north 
at McKeesport and Glassport, Pa. 
Friends were found and I will lecture at 
these points, D. V., ere long. 

At Cleveland, Ohio, I sought Rev. Paul 



September, 1908. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSUBE. 



i: 



01 



Schwan, an old Christian Cynosure read- 
er, and arranged, through him, to address 
the Missouri Lutheran Synod meeting in 
his church. This Synod comprises the 
churches in Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. 
I was welcomed, as expected, and a good 
harvest of Christian Cynosure subscrip- 
tions was obtained. These friends can 
always be counted on, .for they are eter- 
nally opposed to all kinds of secret lodges. 

A night's sleep on Lake Erie and a day 
trip by train, and I found myself here, 
twelve miles from Saginaw Bay, with my 
family, from whom I had been absent for 
over a month. Sabbath morning I preach- 
ed in the Covenanter Church, and in the 
evening opposed the lodge in an address 
delivered in the Presbyterian Church. The 
church was crowded. This address, be- 
ing the first of the kind here, naturally 
made a stir. I am told it is the talk of 
the town. So.me like it, and some don't, 
according as they like or dislike the 
lodges. 

I have much work planned, and am 
pushing forward as usual. 

W. B. Stoddard. 



from iur Hath 



Rev. Joel H. Austin, of Goshen, Ind., 
is still alive and active. He is nearly sev- 
enty-seven years old ; his health is good, 
though he is nearly blind. He has just 
received a diploma from the Magnetic 
College at Nevada, Mo., authorizing him 
to practice healing the sick and lame by 
the scientific use of magnetism. He wish- 
es to remember his old friends with a 
"God bless vou." 



I am very much depressed when I have 
nothing to do. I am not able to do quite 
as much as formerly ; but I feel better on 
Monday when I preach once or twice 
on Sunday. And if the Lord gives me 
strength in old age, why should I not 
still labor in His vineyard? May the 
dear Master guide and direct in it all. I 
hope you will inform me if you know of 
an opening where I could preach or lec- 
ture without too much traveling. Please 
direct to Sturgis, Mich. As ever, vours, 

(Rev.) S. F. Porter. 



You have not heard from me for some 
time. I can tell you I have not gone back 
into the devil's ranks, but am working as 
the Lord opens the way for me. Since 
writing you for tracts I have helped an 
old neighbor and friend to renounce the 
last bit of worldliness probably that she 
was in, viz : the Eastern Star and Rebek- 
ahs. She told a friend that she was not 
going to either again ; that she "had 
found a better road to walk" — a testi- 
mony that all will give who do thus for 
the Lord. I did have quite a. large stock 
of anti-lodge literature, but I am getting 
rather short. My time seems to be so 
limited to work for my Master ; but in 
His own good time he will open the way 
and take away all hindrances if He wants 
me to give more time to Him. 

I recently attended a funeral of an Odd 
Fellow, and one of the ministers spoke 
in his prayer of "coming up to the high- 
er lodge," and I thought, "O my Lord, 
do some men pass a decree, barring out of 
heaven by closed doors those who are 
out of the lodge for Christ's sake, and 
who do not have the grip nor the pass- 
word?'' 

Yours for the Master's work, 

Elizabeth M. Rull. 

Star Prairie, Wis. 



TWO WITNESSES OF REVELATION. 



At the risk of appearing to be wise 
above what is written, I offer my inter- 
pretation of the Two Witnesses of Reve- 
lation 1 1 : technically, the National Chris- 
tian Association and the Prohibition par- 
ty; generally, the two reforms. I con- 
sider both are politically dead ; that is, 
they are not successful in politics, and I 
don't think ever will be until the King 
comes ; but they exist — "lying dead in the 
street of that great city" (Christendom 
generally) — ^the conscience of men pro- 
hibiting burial, they knowing the reforms 
are right, yet unwilling to espouse them, 
just as they refused to do the black man 
justice. As the Witnesses "tormented" 
the people, we have no choice but to keep 
up the agitation till the "crack of doom," 
and then shall we have the joy of seeing 
the Almighty Truth prevail and "the 
righteous shine forth as the sun." The 
Lord will save some, and we must be con- 



p«(i^ 



158 



CHRISTIAN CYXOSUUE. 



September. 1903. 



tent if here and there one poor sinner can 
be pulled out of the fires of hell. We do 
not forget that the Christian's almighty 
weapon is prayer to the great Head of the 
Church incessantly, and that we shall be 
eternally victorious in His own good time. 

The Lord bless and keep you. 

Your fellow-soldier of Christ, 

Geo. W. Shealey. 



To the Christian Cynosure : 

After being a close observer of things 
for many, very many years, I have long 
since settled it in my mind, in the fear of 
God, that secret societies are doing more 
harm than the saloons are. May God 
have mercy on the people! Throughout 
a long life of over eighty-six years I have 
been in the most hearty sympathy with 
your work. 

Yours in the battle, 
1*. , Mrs. Emaline Griffin. 



FROM FAITHFUL FENTON. 



74 South Robert Street, St. Paul, Minn., 

August 13, 1903. 
Editor of Christian Cynosure : 

Seducing spirits are in the churches, 
doctrines of Demons are taught, both 
openly and in secret, lies are spoken in 
hypocrisy and consciences are seared as 
with a hot iron. 

"If thou put the brethren in mind of 
these things, thou shalt be a good minis- 
ter of Christ Jesus" (I. Tim. 4:6). 

Churchmen are calling false teachers 
to be their pastors ; teachers, well known 
to be sworn liars and worshippers of their 
father, the Devil. 

It was one of these false teachers. Rev. 
F. H. Cummings, of Rochester, N. Y., 
that gave the signal in a Masonic lodge 
to murder William Morgan ; and every 
Freemason is stained with the blood of 
that crime — as surely as the blood of 
righteous Abel cried from the ground to 
God for vengeance until retribution was 
meted out to Cain the murderer. 

The murder of Morgan was a frater- 
nity job, agreeable to the unjust and hor- 
rible principles of Freemasonry ; every 
Freemason is sworn to justify that mur- 
der — a crime that cannot be justified. 

The essentials of a pastor of an apos- 
tate church are : First, what the world 



calls "si good moral character." Second,, 
a seminary education, or its equivalent. 
Third, that he join the Masonic or some 
other secret order ; or, that he be silent on 
secret societies, or rebuke them in a harm- 
less way, or speak in their favor. 

Some pastors in this city do not blush 
to say that their success began when they 
joined the Masons. Verily, the Devil's 
children are not in trouble as other men. 
Lodge pastors of churches are, as in the 
time of our Lord — ''Compassing sea and 
land to make a proselyte, and when he is- 
made they make him two-fold more the 
child of hell than themselves." 

But our Lord says : ''Woe unto yoit. 
when all men speak well of you! for in 
the same manner did their fathers to the 
false prophets. But I say unto you who- 
hear. Love your enemies, do good to themi 
that hate you, bless them that curse you,, 
pray for them that despitefully use you. 
To him that smiteth thee on the one 
cheek ofifer also the other" (Luke 6: 26- 
29). 

The Rev. William Lawrence, D. D., 
pastor of the Second Baptist Church of 
Chicago, told your correspondent he had 
his application to join the Masons filled 
out, and intended to join as soon as he 
could spare the time to do so; and that 
the best Christians in his church are Free- 
masons. Your correspondent took from 
his pocket Ecce Orienti to read to him 
the horrible obligations of Masonry, tell- 
ing him that that was the ritual printed 
by the Masons to work by in the lodge, 
when Lawrence in a voice of authority 
demanded of him, "Where did you get 
that book, sir?" 

He replied, "Bought it at the Masonic 
Publishing House, Redding & Co., New 
York." 

The rejoinder of Dr. Lawrence was, 
"You have no business to have that book, 
sir." 

You may call that the personification of 
impudence, or a puerile attempt to shut 
the mouths and blind the eyes of God's 
prophets and teachers to the villainy of 
cutthroats, liars and murderers. But how 
can one be "a good minister of Christ 
Jesus," as the Bible requires him to be, 
without that book which is necessary to 
show him what are the seductive wiles of 
false teachers in the churches? 



September, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



159 



Lawrence is good Masonic material, 
and, if he joined, no doubt he is a good 
Mason. 

We have since learned that his boy was 
killed by initiation into a secret society of 
the University of Chicago; but such an 
''incident" as that is regarded as a joke 
for the fool, and but few are ever pun- 
ished for it. 

"Three men have now been killed by 
one secret society at Cornell. Mr. Rustin, 
of Omaha, was killed by the D. K. E. at 
Yale. Mr. Lawrence died at the Chicago 
University a day or two after initiation 
into the same society. Mr. Garrison was 
nearly killed at Harvard. Little matters 
like broken legs or arms do not usually 
get into the papers." — See "Modern Se- 
cret Societies," by Charles A. Blanchard. 

Dr. Wallace, president of Macallester 
College (Presbyterian), of this city, de- 
clined to allow the Secretary of the N. 
Q, A. to speak to the students on the Re- 
lationship of Masonry to the Bible, say- 
ing that he would allow it if they could 
have the truth. 

That reply of Dr. Wallace was both in- 
sinuating and suggestive. Insinuating 
that our lecturer did not speak the truth, 
and suggestive of something else. 

A $5,000 preacher. Rev. A. B. Mel- 
drum, D. D., formerly pastor of the Cen- 
tral Presbyterian Church, of this city, and 
now pastor of a Presbyterian church in 
Cleveland, Ohio, of which Mark Hanna 
is a member, told your correspondent that 
opposition to Freemasonry in Presbyter- 
ian churches would destroy the denomina- 
tion. Perhaps that is what Dr. Wallace is 
afraid of. 

But, again. Dr. Meldrum says that "a 
man that breaks the Masonic obligation is 
a low, mean, perjured liar." Thus he 
writes over the doorway of the Masonic 
lodge what Dante saw in vision over the 
portals of hell — "All hope abandon, ye 
who enter here," and casts contempt and 
reproach upon the justice and pardoning 
mercy and repentance bestowed by our 
heavenly Father upon such Masons as 
Finney and Colver ; whereby they had au- 
thority and power to break the Masonic 
oath and be free from the awful bondage 
and wicked Masonic spell of the god of 
Masonry. 

Dr. Meldrum glories in the fact that he 



is both a Mason and a Sir Knight Tem- 
plar; which is to say, that after drinking 
wine from a human skull, and swearing 
to be doubly damned in the next world if 
he ever broke the Masonic oath, he was 
elected to take the place vacated by Judas 
Iscariot. 

Here we mark the agreement of the 
type and the antitype — the son of perdi- 
tion the type ; and the modern Knight 
Templar the antitype. 

And is it not fair to suppose that Dr. 
Wallace has more to fear from the truth 
about Masonry than falsehood ? 

(Rev.) William Fenton. 



NOTES FROM MICHIGAN. 



North Star, Mich., July 7, 1903. 
W. L Phillips : 

Dear Brother : We regard ourselves as 
favored in the visit of Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard to our field of labor. He came to 
us from the State convention held at Hol- 
land, and upon Sunday preached at each 
of our three appointments. 

Saturday evening before and Monday 
evening following he delivered addresses 
at two of these places. These were very 
helpful, instructive and quite well sus- 
tained, especially upon Monday evening, 
when he spoke in our village, which is, 
by the way, quite thoroughly given up to 
lodgery. However there is being kept 
alive a sentiment on the part of many 
against the secret system. 

The day following the address in the 
village the Odd Fellows conducted a fu- 
neral ceremony which by hollow mockery 
and the predominance in their ranks of 
wicked and unsaved men served only to 
prove the ground taken by the speaker in 
his address. And many were the expres- 
sions of disquiet on the part of those who 
stood by. 

One reference is sufficient to show how 
unbecoming it is for men who profess to 
be Christian to join themselves with such 
organizations. In the ceremony at the 
church the chaplain, who is a professed 
Christian, read a Christless prayer. ^ He 
was preceded by a wicked, profane man 
who read an admonition to the society 
and at the close of the prayer joined in 
the usual amen, which made it sound to 
Christian ears thoroughly sacrilegious. 



160 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



September, 1903. 



A number of subscriptions to the 
Christian Cynosure were secured and we 
think good in many ways will appear as 
the result of this visit. 

Yours with kind regard, 

(Rev.) E. D. Root. 



A TRINITY OF EVILS, 



Springdale, Ark., June 8, 1903. 

Dear Cynosure : I am the pastor of 
the Lutheran church at this place. 

The lodges are the curse of our be- 
loved land and of any church that toler- 
ates them. Blessed is that church that 
by the grace of God stands firm at the 
foot of the cross of Christ and bears 
testimony that there can be no compro- 
mise between the truth as it is in Christ 
Jesus and falsehood as it is' in the secret 
lodge room ; that there can be no com- 
munion of the children of light with the 
children of darkness ; that if any one has 
once become a lodge member he must 
come out from among them and be sep- 
arate from the workers of iniquity. 

Our church in general, and our con- 
gregation here are a united power 
against the secret empire — lodgeism, for 
we consider there are three great sys- 
tems of the anti-Christ — works of the 
devil: i. Heathenism, with all its rami- 
fications, ancient and modern, afar off 
and near by; 2. The Papacy, with its 
saint idolatry and will worship. 3. 
Lodgeism that works in secret against 
Him who in secret said nothing. 

This is a trinity of evil, agreeing in the 
main point, that they are not for but 
against the Lord and against His cause 
on earth. They magnify themselves, 
they go their own way, they shun the 
light because their works are evil. 

God bless you in opposing and expos- 
ing the evils of lodgery. Yours truly, 

(Rev.) Walter Cook. 



"Come out from the lodge." — D wight 
L. Moody. 



For the names of two new subscribers 
and $2.00 we will send to the agent, post- 
paid, one copy in cloth of "Modern Secret 
Societies," by President Charles A. 
Blanchard. Write for sample copies of 
Christian Cynosure to canvass with. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blaochard, D. D., Pres. Wheatoo Collese. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An Important subject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
Is kindly in tone, Is divided into 
short, interesting chapters, and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the question) 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavob 
WoELD calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK/' 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as : " What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents ; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN AS'S'N, 




221 W. 



Madison St., 
Chicago, lUs. 




ra 




of 




ILLUSTRATED. 



Tbe Complete Revised Ollicial Ritual 
of ttLe Beneficiary and Fraternal De- 
grees, Including tlie XJn "written or 
Secret "Work, and tlie Installation 
and Funeral Ceremonies, -with. tb.e 
OdeA and Hymns of tlie Order. 

^eut Postpaid. ±"br »C^ Cents. 



A.O.U.W. 



POSTPAID, 10 CENTS. 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 




* ■ * 





221 W. Madison St., Chicago, 111. 




WHEATON COLLtGE- 




"Jesus answered him, — i spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, OCTOBER, 1903. 



NUMJ3ER 6. 



THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSIRE 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

NATIONAL CHftlSTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicag-o 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicago, 111., as second" 
•class matter. 



The picture of the home of the late 
Dwight L. Moody in Northfield, Mass., 
which we are permitted to give our read- 
ers this month, is by the courtesy of the 
Moody Bible Institute, Chicago. 

In this connection we wish to call 
attention to a very important branch 
of this institute, which has just been 
inaugurated, and which we highly com- 
mend. It is an Evening Department for 
the study of the Bible. There is an 
evident need for an evening school in 
Chicago, where a man or woman who 
wishes to make a systematic study of 
the Bible, and gospel music and Chris- 
tian work, can secure such instruction in 
night classes, just as any ambitious per- 
son can find in the city well equipped 
evening schools where they can get a 
training in law, medicine and other pro- 
fessions. 



" ' The old time religion,' with its 
'iron creeds' and its 'cruel dogmas,' as 
the 'new' theology terms them, did pro- 
duce men who walked straightforward 
and open-eyed to death rather than give 
up one jot or tittle of their faith. It pro- 
duced Cromwellian Ironsides, Scottish 
Covenanters, and the makers of the 
United States — men who fousfht to the 



death rather than conform to their world, 

and in so fighting and dying moved their 

world forward, 

"Can religion which disavows reasoned 

statements of its faith, scoffs at dogma 

and contemns creeds produce that kind of 

men ? Does it teach a faith that ordinary 

poor and unlearned men will fight and 

die for and know 'why they so fight and 

die? Can it produce fighting martyrs? 

By its fruits let it be judged." 
—Editorial in Cliieago Inter-Ocean. 



When our Savior said, "Ye are the 
salt of the earth," he meant that the 
faithful testimony of his followers would 
be a savor of life to some and would 
prevent the world from going to moral 
decay as rapidly as it otherwise would. 



The condition of every community is 
better or worse in proportion to the 
faithful proclamation of needed truth by 
voice or printed page. 



Statistics tell us that "The consump- 
tion of spirits of all kinds has increas- 
ed 9,615,820 gallons during the past 
year." That it did not increase many 
times nine million gallons is due to the 
faithful testimony uttered for temper- 
ance. 



The order of The Lions was born in 
Chicago a few evenings ago. We have 
already heard of the birth of The Owls, 
The Moose, The Buffaloes, The Eagles, 
and other members of the menagerie, 
and are not surprised to receive com- 
plaints from correspondents that the 
church and prayermeeting in their com- 
munity is suffering in consequence of 
the growth of secret societies. The lodge 



162 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1903. 



is more powerful than the saloon, since 
it appeals to the spiritual as well as the 
temporal. But the same weapons are 
to be used against one as the other. ''Ye 
are my witnesses." The lodge is to 
men at large what the church is to Chris- 
tians. The Chicago American of Septem- 
ber 8th last, contained the following : 

''While men are dropping the church- 
going they are not necessarily becoming 
less religious, for the interest in fraternal 
societies that exercise a Religious Ob- 
servance and even have a Ritual is cer- 
tainly on the advance rather than de- 
cline." 

While our God is not as their god, the 
lodges are here to stay until their god, 
now the prince of the "rulers of the 
darkness of this world," shall be destroy- 
ed with the brightness of His coming. 
(2 Thess. 2 :8.) 



least required an obligation that made.- 
allegiance to the union superior to that 
owed to the United States. 



Real spirituality on the part of the 
true Christian believer will build up the 
churches and prayer meetings, and noth- 
ing else win. The testimony of spirit- 
filled believers will be mighty in saving- 
Romanists, Masons, Mormons and the 
deluded in every world religion. 



The order has gone forth that hence- 
forth the declaration of independence is 
to be seen no more. It is to be kept 
under lock and key in a great fire and 
light-proof safe. It is well that this his- 
toric manuscript shall be withdrawn 
from public sight until at least the ques- 
tion is • settled as to which is paramount, 
the government of the United States or 
of the lodge ; whether we are to be ruled 
hereafter by Masonic and labor union ob- 
ligations or by the civil obligations of our 
country. 



"I do solemnly swear I will support and 
defend the constitution of the United States 
against all enemies, both foreign and domes- 
tic, and bear true faith and allegiance; that 
I take this obligation freely and without any 
mental reservation or purpose of evasion, 
and that I will well and faithfully discharge 
the duties of the office on which I am about 
to enter, so help me God." 

The above is the obligation imposed 
recently upon the employes in the de- 
partment of government printing, which 
course was made necessary by the dis- 
covery that one of the labor unions at 



Every selfish, worldly organization is 
helped -by advertising. Thus Roman 
Catholicism gains. In this way "Lodges, 
of Sorrow" and Masonic corner-stone 
laying help secretism. The recent death 
of the Roman Catholic Pope and the- 
election of his successor, was an oppor- 
tunity well improved. Romanists made 
great gain from Protestant pulpit and. 
press by their well planned advertising. 
But the contribution which the Chris- 
tian Cynosure made does not seem ta* 
have pleased. In the August number 
appeared the following : 

"His Holiness, the Pope, Bishop ot 
Rome and Vicar of Jesus Christ, succes- 
sor of St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles,,. 
Supreme Pontiff of the Universal 
Church, Patriarch of the West, Primate 
of Italy, Archbishop Metropolitan of the- 
Roman Province, Sovereign of the Tem- 
poral Dominions of the Holy Roman.. 
Church," is dead. 

Criticism. 

Editor Christian Cynosure: 

Dear Sir— If you could think of nothing 
better than your brief sarcastic allusion to 
Pope Leo's death, it would have been much, 
better to omit the reference altogether. The 
secular and religious press gave the news 
contained in your item, together with a vast- 
amount of unbiased information, some of 
which was most inspiring, absolutely none- 
of which was injurious to the most sinful, 
or most pious protestant readers of the 
Cynosure. Very truly yours, 

H. F. WHITTBMORE. 
Weston, Mass. 

Perhaps Mr. Wliittemore is right that, 
it would have been better not to have 
given the Pope's titles. They do not 
sound very Apostolic or Christian. They 
are not suggested by anything in the- 
New Testament lives of the Disciples. 
It reminds one rather of the Masonic 
titles of the late Albert Pike: ''Perfect 
Master, Provost and Judge, Sublime 
Knight, Grand Master Architect, Per- 
fect and Sublime Mason, Knight of the- 
Sword, Prince of Jerusalem, Prince of 
Rose Croix, Grand Pontiff, High Priest,.. 
Chief of Tabernacle, Knight of the 
Brazen Serpent, Prince of Mercy, 
Knight of the Sun, Grand Inspector 
Inquisitor Commander, Sovereign Grand- 



October,. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



363 



Inspector General," etc. If there is any 
choice the Freemason Pike seems to 
have gone the late Pope one better. 

Nothing could break down opposition 
to Catholicism faster than the grandilo- 
quent advertising, which Rome has been 
so industriously engaged in, and which 
has led Protestant pulpit and press to 
declare that a great change has taken 
place in the spirit and doctrines of 
Rome. It is true of all danger, physi- 
cal or spiritual, that familiarity breeds 
indifference. 

Protestants ought not to be deceived. 
Romanism is unchanged. It is still the 
foe of Christianity and civil liberty, and 
when the great battle day of Christ and 
Anti-Christ comes, it will be found ar- 
rayed on the same side with Masonry 
and Mormonism, because like them her 
religion is salvation by works. 



The National Christian Association 
Board of Directors is composed of four 
ministers, one college president, two col- 
lege professors, and four business lay- 
men. Five denominations are repre- 
sented. 



THE BLACK BELT SOCIETY. 



The Missionary Review of the World 
for May, 1903, contains the following : 

"Booker Washington is nothing if not 
original and sensible. One curse of the 
negro is the multiplicity of unproiitable 
secret societies. The 'Black Belt Im- 
provement Society' strikes at the e\il in 
a positive way. Its members are given 
degrees according to their worth, as fol- 
lows : 

First Degree — Desire for better 
things. 

Second — Three chickens and a pi; 

Third — A cow. 

Fourth — An acre of land. 

Fifth — An acre and a horse. 

Sixth — Forty acres and a mule. 

Seventh — Eighty acres and two mules. 

This verily is the right kind of Fiec- 
masonry." 

The editor of the Cynosure after read- 
ing the above wrote President Booker 
T. Washington of "Tuskegee Normal 
knd Industrial Institute'' : Will you kind- 



'g'' 



ly advise us whether your 'Black Belt 
Improvement Society,' with its seven 
degrees, is open or secret , that is are 
trie members pledged to sc;crccY " The- 
following answer was received r 

Tuskegee, Alabama, July 25, 191:^;-;. 
Mr. Wm. I. Phillips, Chicago, II' : 

Dear Sir — The Black Belt Improve-, 
menc Society, as I understand it, is not 
a secret organization, the various de- 
grees representing the amount of land 
or property holdings of the individual. 
This society is not a Tuskegee organiza- 
tion, but was established by Mr, Wm. J. 
Edwards, principal of the Snow Flill In- 
stitute, Snow Hill, Ala., to whom I have 
referred your letter with request that he' 
send you full information respectnig it- 
Yours truly, 
Booker T. Washingtoir.. 

The principal of the "Snow Fliil Nor- 
mal and Industrial Institute" happened 
to be away on his vacation, but on 
August 24, 1903, he wrote : 

My Dear Mr. Phillips — Your favor to 
hand and in reply I wish to say tliat 
our Black Belt Society is no secret order. 
Wlien I return to Snow Flill if you like 
it I will send you our constitution.. 
I am very respectfully yours".. 

W. J. Edwards. 

The best leaders of the colored peo- 
ple agree with the colored clergyman at 
the recent meeting of the American 
Missionary Association at Providence, 
who said : ''Secret societies are among 
the great evils which afflict the colored 
race in the South." 



Kato Donslni? Wij^ojns' new book, "Haif- 
a-Dozen Ilonsekeopers; a Story for Girls in 
Half-a-Dozon Cliapters." will be brought out 
early in the Fall by Henry Altomiis Com- 
pany. 

Six school .Jiirls "doscencl" upon a Maine- 
village at the invitation of one of their niim- 
1)er, Avho has borrowed the family home 
for two wveks from an indulgent father then 
touring the South with the remainder of 
the family; and what those captivating dam- 
sels found to do in that memorable fort- 
night is told with a fascination that is re- 
morseless. 



If this magazine and the principles 
we are fighting for, meet your views, then 
subscribe; order a bundle monthly to 
circulate among your lodge friends. 



164 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1903. 



€otttribtttt0tt0. 



AN IRREPRESSIBLE CONFLICT. 



BY J. M. HITCHCOCK. 



J, The tranquillity of the Catholic Church 
is at present being greatly disturbed by 
its members joining the Typographical 
Union. From all quarters come from the 
f Catholic clergy caustic criticisms of the 
imperious oath exacted by this organiza- 
:tion. 

The part of the oath most obnoxious is : 
''My fidelity to the union and my duties 
to the members thereof, shall in no sense 
be interfered with by any allegiance that 
I may now or hereafter owe to any other 
organization, social, political or religious, 
^secret or otherwise." 

"No Catholic taking such an oath can 
secure absolution from me or any other 
priest," says Father Ward of Beloit, Wis- 
^consin. 'T am told that members of all 
unions are required to take a similar 
oath. I wish to warn my hearers, that 
no man or woman can take such an ob- 
ligation without conflicting with their 
duty as Catholics and good citizens. If 
the members Oif my church, who belong 
to the Typographical Union can modify 
their oaths, so as not to conflict with 
their religious obligations, well and good ; 
otherwise they must' get out of the Union 
or out of my church." 

The editor of a Chicago morning 
paper, says: "This is practically the 
same stand taken by President ^ Roose- 
velt in making members of the union take 
the oath of allegiance to the United 
States Government." 

The radical measures adopted by the 
priest of Beloit, are well nigh universally 
endorsed by the Catholic clergy, and the 
conflict between the unions and the 
church, promises to be inreconcilable and 
interminable. 

/It is to be noticed that Father Ward's 
-ecclesiasticism has not blinded him to the 
fact that the oath of the Typographical 
Union, is as disloyal to our federal gov- 
ernment and as thoroughly disqualifies its 
members for good citizenship, as it ren- 
ders them objectionable to the Catholic 
church. 



In charity let us believe that many good 
men have subscribed to the tyrannous ex- 
actions of this union without realizing 
their full significance. There is, in the 
whole secret oath taking system of un- 
ions and lodges, something stupefying 
and deadening to the moral perceptions. 
Dr. James McCosh, D. D. LL. D., dis- 
tinguished theologian and teacher in 
Great Britain, and later in the United 
States, ex-President of Princeton Uni- 
versity, in his book, "Psychology — the 
Motive Powers;" page 214, aptly says: 
"I have noticed that those who have been 
trained in secret societies, collegiate or 
political, and in trade unions, have their 
sense .of right and wrong so perverted 
that in the interest Oif the body with 
which they have identified themselves, 
they will commit the most atrocious 
crimes, not only without compunction, 
but with an approving heart, and with the 
plaudits of their associates." 

Bishop Richard Scannel of the Omaha 
Catholic diocese, says : "No man can 
lawfully take upon himself the obliga- 
tion of the Typographical Union, for the 
keeping of it would render all govern- 
ment, ecclesiastical or civil, impossible. 
In fact it would render null and void all 
courts at law, ecclesiastical or civil. It 
would make the authority of a voluntary 
organization paramount to all law, na- 
tional, divine, ecclesiastical or civil." 

President Roosevelt is to be congratu- 
lated for requiring of those • who have 
taken the obligation of the Typographical 
Union an oath of allegiance to this gov- 
ernment, but why inveigh against one or- 
der whose oaths and exactions are not 
more inimical to, or a greater menace to 
the welfare of our government than many 
other oath bound orders and societies ? 

Long before the industrial unions were 
known to disturb the quiet of our land 
— before President Roosevelt's eyes had 
rested upon the great country over whose 
government he is now the chief execu- 
tive, his predecessors in office saw, with 
prophetic vision the danger of oath bound 
secret societies to this government and 
raised their voices of alarm against them. 

President John Quincy Adams said : 

"I am prepared to complete the demonstra- 
tion before God and man, that the Masonic 
oaths, obligations and penalties cannot by 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



165 



any possibility be reconciled to the laws 
of morality, of Christianity, or of the land." 
Millard Filmore, whose presidential 
reign must have been at about the time of 
Mr. Roosevelt's birth, left to his countiy- 
men the following imperishable testi- 
mony : 

"The Masonic fraternity tramples upon onr 
rights, defeats the administration of justice, 
and bids deliance to every government 
which it cannot control." 

No intelligent, unbiased, fair minded 
man, will or can deny that the major 
oath bound secret societies of our land 
are largely responsible for the present un- 
happy and turbulent condition of our in- 
dustrial unions and a nation of seventy 
millions of loyal subjects are waiting with 
bated breath to see if their President has 
the moral courage to lay the axe at the 
root of the tree. 

Chicago. 



'•GREAT AND GOOD" RIDES THE GOAT 



Masouic Legerdemain. 



BY M. N. BUTLER. 

Yes, the Mr. Great Man of this great 
nation has been made a Freemason. 
Hundreds of civil affidavits of secede--.- 
and evidence strong enough to hang 
men prove that when initiated he was 
stripped to shirt and under-trousers, 
with left leg rolled up above the knee, 
left foot bare, slipper on right, left arm 
bare above the elbow, left breast bare, 
a halter or cabletow around his neck. 
and a blindfold or hoodwink over his 
eyes ; was then led like an ox to the 
slaughter, and a fool to the correction : 
like a maveric (wild steer) to the brand- 
ing iron ; cavorted around the lodge like 
a wild ass of the desert ; knelt to the 
altar and swore eternal allegiance to a 
monarchy-aping English system, prom- 
ising absolute obedience to the Wor- 
shipful Master and Most Worshipful 
Grand Master, and, as a third degree 
Mason, under no less barbarous, cruel, 
unusual and mutilating death-penalties 
than having his precious throat cut 
across and tongue torn out by its roots, 
his manly breast torn open and heart and 
vitals plucked out, his body severed in 
twain and bowels burned, calling God 
Almighty to witness his sincerity of pur- 



pose ; swearing to keep ''secrets" that 
are no secrets any more than the multi- 
plication table or the Lord's Prayer,, 
sworn expositions being hawked by no 
less than six publishers in Chicago alone, 
for fifty cents a copy, giving accurately 
and correctly all the esoteric pass-words, 
due-guards, step^, grips and signs, thus 
buncoeing the hero of Santiago out of 
not less than twenty-nine dollars and 
fifty cents on a "square deal." Look at 
the president in full dress as he rises 
from his knees in the Master Mason's 
seance. Let the American people take 
a peep at his fantastic garb. How would 
he look at a cabinet meeting, as a White 
House statue, or parlor ornament? 
Wouldn't the lady of the Executive 
Mansion gaze in open-eyed wonder at 
the apparation! That is the ridiculous 
side of this unfortunate affah". 

Now for the serious side. The Consti- 
tution of the United States, that Mr. 
Good and Great Man swore before sev- 
enty millions of people to support and. 
uphold, positively forbids all "Titles of 
Nobility." Freemasonry confers almost 
every title known to the hated monarchies 
of the old world. "Cruel and un- 
usual penalties" are also just as posi- 
tively prohibited. Masonry imposes, 
and every candidate invokes, life-de- 
stroying penalties that would make a. 
pirate on the higli seas shudder and 
cause the flesh of a common cannibal to 
crawl with very horror at their repeti- 
tion. "The rights of free speech and free 
press" must not be "abridged," let alone 
suppressed. Mr. Great Man now has a 
padlock on his mouth and dares not 
deny these serious facts. Every citizen 
is entitled to trial by an "impartial jury." 
No brigand of Italy was ever bound by 
such lies of partiality and exclusive 
favoritism as the chief magistrate of this- 
nation has assumed. r)Oth "slavery" 
and "involuntary servitude" are forever 
]M-ohibited witiiin the territory of the 
United States ; yet the highest otTiciai in 
the Republic has voluntarily and of his 
•'own free will and accord" surrendcrevl 
his personal liixrty and citizenship to a 
deeper, dar]<er, deadlier system of Wor- 
shipful Masters and Most Worshipful 
Grand Masters than the late "sum n{ all' 
villainies." The blackest negro, in the 



166 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October. 1903. 



palmiest days of slavery, never addressed 
his owner as "Worshipful Massa!" By 
all the philosophy, principles and juris- 
prudence of civil government, the com- 
mander-in-chief of the American army 
and navy has sworn abject obedience to 
the very life to the Most Puissant Sover- 
eign Grand Commander of the Masonic 
Empire, with its vast army of Knights 
Templars, Freemasons, one hundred 
thousand strong, ready to draw their 
swords in defense of this Imperium in 
Imperio, that is laying the corner-stones 
<of our public buildings and adroitly gov- 
^erning the country with its Sir Knights, 
Kings, and Grand Kings. Ah his bril- 
liant expressions of Americanism and 
patriotism are gone forever. 

But over and above all this, as a pro- 
fessed Christian, Bible believers have 
a solemn controversy with Mr. Good and 
Great on this matter, that will go to 
the judgment. Freemasonry is the very 
.ape of the Bride of Christ. It has its 
odes, chantsy prayers and funeral dirges ; 
its Chaplains, Stewards, Deacons, Wor- 
shipful Masters, Priests and Most Ex- 
cellent Grand High Priests ; in the high- 
er degrees infant baptism is practiced, 
and lodges of sorrow are held for the 
dead. It teaches regeneration or the 
new birth ; sanctification, holiness and 
.freedom from sin; once in Masonic 
grace, always there; and gives a fore- 
taste of heaven through the resurrection 
of the dead. It proposes to save men, 
save them completely, and keep them 
:saved. Yet Masonry is as Christless 
.as the tomb of Joseph after the resur- 
rection, or the Mecca of Mohammedan- 
ism. 

There is no Jesus in the Blue Lodge 
or Masonic Chapter, and the Knights 
Templars are a perpetuation of the old 
Papal Crusades that overran Europe. 
Every student of ancient mythology and 
the Masonic ritual knows that Freema- 
sonry is sun-worship, and every devotee 
a pagan. A half million sun-worshipers 
and a temple of idolatry in almost every 
town in the Union ! At the ''Morgan 
affair" in 1826, over 45,000 out of 50,- 
000 Masons in the United States left 
the order never to return. This was the 
.most stupendous testimony ever given 



in any age or country against any sys- 
tem. The "deadly wound" was healed, 
and to-day Masonry reigns and rules 
supreme. No man can successfully buy 
or sell without a grip and sign. The 
press is awed and silent. The pulpit is 
chloroformed. Despotism triumphs, and 
the populace are the quiescent slaves of 
this usurping imperialism. But why 
soliloquize? The end is not yet. 



One of the fruits of heathen education 
still perpetuated in our modern, so-called 
''Christian" nation was reaped at Barton, 
Vt., the other day. Boys of prominent 
families and good reputations had been 
reading of "hazing" in some of our stren- 
uous schools, and proceeded to put it in 
practice by heating stones red hot, and 
making their playmate stand and sit upon 
those stones, finally holding him there. 
He was taken sick at once, and died two 
weeks later. The victim's age was nine, 
and the boys who did the infamous deed 
were aged nine and eleven. What kind 
of an education could these bo^^s have 
received to indulge in such cruelty ? And 
what about our colleges ? 
—The Signs of tlie Times. 

There are high class Christian col- 
leges where Greek letter fraternities are 
not tolerated, and hazing their concom- 
itant is not known. "Our Colleges" are 
of this kind. 



ONLY WAY TO REACH THEM 



There is no better educational society than 
Freemasonry. Its great secret being hid- 
den in its method of teaching truth to such 
as can be reached by no otlier existing sys- 
tem of morals, nor by any system of re- 
ligion, except, through the benign influence 
of Freemasonry. — Missouri Freemason, 

We didn't know they were quite such 
a lot. 



If there is a man living who is entitled 

to .the pity of Masons, it is one who 

really believes that secret societies are a 

menace to the welfare of mankind. 
Missouri Freemason. 

At last accounts he was living, and a 
good many more like him had also sur- 
vived ; but for what are they specially to 
be pitied ? 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Wh 



i^;: 



3t 



)i 



<?><S><$><$>^><$'^><$><S>'$><S>^<$>^><$><M><S><S><»<S><S><^<$><^^ 



^ 
^ 



A SEPTEMBER JOURNEY IN 

EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND EIG TY TWO 



BY ELIZABETH B. COOK. 



<8> 



"Come, Sarah ; the children are asleep, 
and I want to talk with you.'' 

John Brewer was sitting under the 
^vide spreading tree east of the house, and 
the balmy June -breezes swept softly 
about, whispering to the leaves, veiled 
with silvery haze from the moon. The 
.'garden, with its thrifty, weedless beds 
■of vegetables, formed a pleasing fore- 
ground to the small fields of potatoes, 
wheat and corn beyond. 

"Now, Sarah," he began, as she took 
lier place on the rustic seat beside him, 
""you know we are young ; we have our 
record to make and our little ones to 
rear and educate. We must leave this 
sleepy little village and go West. Brother 
George is willing to take this place off 
my hands, and I want to develop my 
liardware business in a rushing Western 
city, say Chicago." 

"Such a change would suit me," re- 
plied Sarah. "I've never been more than 
twenty-five miles from here in my life. 
The garden stuff and crops would all be 
disposed of and we ready to start by the 
middle of November." 

"We would better go in September, 
I think," said John, "we must stop on the 
way at Batavia, and see Uncle William's 
folks a few days. They have never seen 
our babies. Then, as we are going to 
a new place, we should be well settled 
before the cold weather comes on." 

So they talked on, and plans were laid 
for a September journey from Eastern 
New York to far off Chicago ; and the 
lavish summer days that followed seemed 
the richest and sweetest of their lives. 

''Good evening, John," said Mr. Whip- 
ple, a few weeks after that memorable 
June evening, overtaking Mr. Brewer, as 
he walked home from the Wednesday 
evening prayer meeting. "You are not 
±0 leave us for srood, arc vou ?" 

"Oh, yes ! We're going west to grow 



up with the country : we have industri- 
ous habits and know how to economize, 
and the West needs developing, you 
know." 

"Well, John, before you go come down 
to Grafton, and we'll make a Master 
jNIason of you. Masons might do you 
many a good turn out there in Chicago." 

"Do you really think so ?" 

"Surely. It would introduce you to 
stirring business men, and help you iii 
many ways." 

"Have we not all one Father, Mr. 
Whipple? 'Hath not one God created 
us?' It seems weak to me for an able- 
bodied man to make especial provision 
for charitable aid. 'The Lord is my 
light and my salvation,', temporal as well 
as eternal. Where a man receives help, 
he generally has to return the same four- 
fold. So that kind of business is not 
very profitable." 

"I guess you're right, John. I never 
added much to my fortune by help re- 
ceived from Freemasons, and the order 
has absorbed considerable of my time 
and monev, too. I have had manv a 
favor to do for brethren that might have 
been more profitably bestowed upon the 
fatherless and widows in the church." 

"I'll not join, Whipple ; there are many 
things about the order that I do not like, 
besides its sworn secrecy which stamps 
it as evil on the face of it. I want to 
improve the interests of my family, my 
country and my church ; and that is a 
large enough ambition for any one. 
When Freemasonry comes in for a share, 
I know that other duties are left undone. 
There's Jim Smith. With such a wife 
and family as he has, he might be an 
unqualified success. But his enthusiasm 
for the lodge drives the wedge between 
him and his God-given responsibilities 
deeper every day. His wife earns a dol- 
lar as often as he does, and if she were 



108 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October,^ 1903. 



consulted their money that now goes for 
/fuss and feathers' in the lodge would 
be better invested. She ought to be con- 
sulted, too, and do her share of directing 
its use. Men ought to be honorable in 
money matters with their wives, as well 
as in other respects, which seems to be 
a hard thing to do under favorable condi- 
tions and Freemasons only make it 
harder. A man who stands four-square 
to his God-appointed obligations toward 
his wife has clearer vision on all sub- 
jects, and he cannot do that and be- 
thoroughly loyal to the lodge." . 

''Oh ! by the way, John, you are going 
to stop off at Batavia, are you not?" 

"Yes, we plan to spend a few days 
there at Uncle William's." 

''Did you know that there was a great 
monument to be unveiled there on Wed- 
nesday, September 13th?" 

"No, I have hardly looked at a paper 
lately." 

"You ought to be there. Barnum's 
circus opens there in the morning with 
a grand parade headed by Jumbo, and in 
the afternoon a fine monument and 
statue to the memory of Captain William 
Morgan is to be unveiled with speeches 
and ceremonies." 

"We were planning to start ten days 
later, but perhaps we can go then. My 
father's birthday was September nth, 
the date of Morgan's abduction. He 
often told me about Captain Morgan's 
martyrdom. I will be there if possible. 
As the time for my departure draws 
near, the blessings I am leaving brighten 
and make me sorry to go." 

"Well, come back and see us, John, 
when you've made your fortune." 

"ril be back long before that unless 
my feelings change materially. Good- 
night." 

Mrs. Brewer was at the gate to wel- 
come her husband's return from the 
prayer meeting; their children were 
peacefully resting in the land of sleep, 
and they sat for a little talk under the 
favorite shade tree. 

"Brother Whipple suggested my join- 
ing the Masonic lodge before . I go 
West," said John. 

"Oh, you would not do such a thing 
would you ?" 

"No, my dear, not while I have my 



reason. But there is to be a splc^ndid 
granite statue unveiled to the memory 
of Captain Morgan on September, T3th. 
We would best arrange to be there, and 
write to Uncle Wilham to that effect."" 

And, sure enough, in due season Mr., 
and Mrs. Brewer and the children, 
George and Jennie, were happily en route- 
for Batavia, and "Uncle William's" ; the- 
children anticipating a view of Jumbo- 
and the rest of Barnum's animals in bril- 
liant procssion, and John and Sarah an 
attendance at the great an ti- Masonic 
convention, the chief feature of v/hich 
v/as to be the unveiling of the Morgan 
monument. 

As their train rolled into the station 
at Batavia, the children espied the bright 
circus cars on a side track, heard the 
i-iusic and looked for Jumbo and the 
other animals, which they saw a little- 
later, bedecked in their brilliant trap- 
pings, in august procession ; but their 
parents turned their eyes to the unveiled! 
shaft which pierced the placid heavens,, 
rising above the surrounding trees. 

"There you are, John, and you Sarah,, 
and the babies," was Uncle William's 
greeting, as he stooped and lifted little 
Jennie in his arms. 

"Get right in. Your aunt will have 
an early dinner for you. Traveling is a. 
hunger-producing occupation. You can 
rest and look about the place to-day, and 
to-morrow we will all go down to the 
unveiling ceremonies." 

Sweet and smiling are thy ways, 
Golden, warm September days. 

Was the sentiment of every heart as 
the fine horses stepped swiftly along the 
dusty country road. The ride to Uncle 
William's hospitable mansion would have 
been far too short were it not that 
thoughts of aunt and cousins and colts,, 
calves, ducks, chickens, the wonderful 
springs, and innumerable other attrac- 
tions of a great dairy farm flitted with 
an indefinite, fairy-like fascination^ 
through their expectant minds. 

"Now, would you ever have suppos- 
ed," said Uncle William, as they sat 
down about the librarv table after a 
bountiful evening meal, "that fifty-six 
years after Captain William Morgan was 
murdered by the emissaries oi Freema- 
sonry, seemingly destroying her own life 



October. 19(J.'J. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



n;9 




MORGAN MONUMENT AT BATA-VIA, N. Y. 



at the same time, though later resus- 
citated from apparent death, that the 
National Christian Association should 
arise endowed and active as it has done 
and with its thousand voices warn the 
nations of the earth against the subtile, 
secret, sinful system of organized and 
oath-bound secretism ; that thousands of 
people should contribute towards the 
erection of a beautiful granite statue to 
Captain Morgan's memory, and that it 
should be placed over against the line 
of the New York Central railroad, one 
of the great thoroughfares of the earth, 
where it will stand through the centuries 
for the warning and instruction of the 
millions who will pass the spot in daily 
procession.'^ 



Sarah, who had quietly entered the 
room after putting her weary children 
to sleep, said, "Uncle William, do tell 
us about Captain Morgan and his abduc- 
tion and murder. This being the very 
month in which the awful business was 
carried out, and this the very town 
whence he was taken, we will have an 
intensely realistic setting for the facts. 
I have heard snatches and allusions to 
his work and martyrdom, but I want the 
connected story." 

Aunt Lucy and cousin Ellen and 
cousin Robert joined the circle, and 
Uncle William began : 

*T was twelve years old in June, 1826, 
and the Morgan excitement in the lodges 
commenced about that time, when the 



170 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October. 1903. 



news that Captain William Morgan was 
about to publish the secrets of Freema- 
sonry ; and it seems ngt to be over yet, 
if one may judge by the crowds that 
were coming into Batavia yesterday 
from all parts of the country. The 
hotels are full, and with cots in our 
churches and in the opera house hall, 
there is hardly accommodation sufficient 
for all the delegates." 

"So the churches are opened as dormi- 
tories, are they ?" said Aunt Lucy. 

''They are, indeed; and all the cots 
the town affords are required to supple- 



ed, among other places, in Gen. Jackson's 
brilliant successes at New Orleans. He 
was a man whose deeply intellectual face 
set off an erect, noble form, and to my 
young imagination, when he came to live 
in Batavia, in his fine uiiiform and im- 
pressive military trappings, he seemed to 
be a royal personage. 

"His wife was from a cultured family 
in Virginia, and to see them with their 
little daughter and infant son one would 
think that their prospects for a useful, 
happy life were as enviable as — yours, 
John," and Uncle William punctuated 




CANANDAIGUA JAIL. 



ment the sleeping accmmodations of the 
place. The appreciation of Morgan's 
work and sacrifice has multiplied a hun- 
dred fold in the last half century. I 
hope the world will be spared the horror 
and agony of other Masonic martyr- 
doms. Too many have darkened the 
pages of history already." 

"We must not interrupt Uncle Wil- 
liam's story," said Sarah, lifting her 
finger warningly. 

"Captain Wm. Morgan was a Virgin- 
ian, and brought his title of captain from 
the army in the war of 1812. He serv- 



his remark with a gentle tap on John's 
shoulder. 

"Captain Morgan was very bright in 
Masonry, and as lodge lecturer he drill- 
ed Masonic candidates in the ritual of 
the order. His familiarity with the text 
of the ritual at length ripened into a 
thorough comprehension of the philoso- 
phy of the order, and he became appalled 
at the dire principles that the ritual so 
artfully concealed. He said : 

" 'The bane of our civil institutions 
is to be found in Masonry, already pow- 
erful and daily becoming more so. I 



October. 1903. 



OHRISTIAN OYNOSUJEliB. 



171 



owe to my country an exposure of its 
dangers.' 

"And he promptly set about paying 
this obligation. The Masonic order was 
roused, and, inspired by the spirit of the 
pit, attempted to secure and destroy his 
manuscript, and to put him where his 
patriotic labors would cease. His char- 
acter was vilified in the papers, and on 
the 19th of August he was arrested on a 
false charge invented for the occasion, 
and while he was three days in jail such 
of his manuscripts as could be secured 
were taken (stolen) from him. That of 
the seventh degree was carefully examin- 
ed bv Royal Arch Masons and then for- 



roughly forced into a stage and driven 
from Batavia to Canandaigua, on a war- 
rant which proved to have been issued 
on a slight suspicion, at the instigation 
of a Freemason. Arriving at that town, 
there was not sufficient evidence found 
against him to bind him over for trial, 
and the magistrate ordered his discharge. 
As soon as he was set free, a claim 
against him for $2 was presented and 
Captain Morgan was returned to jail. 
The money was paid and Morgan, again 
free, was forced, struggling and crying 
murder, into a closed carriage, and after 
a long and distressing journey with a 
gag in his mouth, was confined in the 




OLD FORT NIAGARA. 



warded by way of Canandaigua to the 
Grand Chapter in New York City. 

''Captain Morgan was bailed out of 
jail, and went on with his writing. He 
made, for safety, two copies of each de^ 
gree, secreting such as were not in his 
publisher's hands' as best he could. 

''Again and again attempts were made 
to burn the printing office where his book 
was being set up, to kill his publisher, 
and in every possible way to destroy their 
resources and capital ; and early on Mon- 
day morning, September nth, 1826, Mor- 
gan was arrested, and though under 
bonds not to leave the village, he was 



bomb-proof magazine of Fort Niagara, 
where he remained for several days. It 
was hoped that he might be exiled in 
Canada ; but this plan did not succe<?d, 
and after a fierce struggle he was drown- 
ed in Niagara River. A year later, a 
body was washed ashore, and after sev- 
eral inquests it was proved incontrovert- 
ibly to be the body of Captain Morgan, 
and it was buried in Batavia, where it 
now rests. The lodges generally 
throughout the country were party to the 
crime, and they found it to be a demoral- 
izing and terrible business. So, although 
Morgan's voice was silenced, other men. 



172 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October. 19<^. 



the ablest in the country, took up his 
work, and now more expositions of Free- 
masonry are annually sold than ever be- 
fore. And to-morrow, fifty-six years 
after his death, thousands will honor his 
memory in the granite shaft for the erec- 
tion of which they have contributed. 
There will be some grand speaking. 
President Jonathan Blanchard and Dr. 
J. E. Roy, the leading speakers, who are 
far famed for their eloquence, are the 
leading orators of the day. Though only 
twelve years old when Morgan was mur- 
dered, I read his exposition of the first 
three degrees as soon as it was published, 
and from that time on all anti-Masonic 
news interests me. All the best Masons 
throughout the land left the order, and 
for years it was regarded as good as 
dead." 

"But what makes Masonry popular 
now," asked Robert. 

''It is not popular with intelligent, 
earnest and excellent men generally. It 
divides the family, interferes with the 
State, fosters intemperate drinking and 
other vices and crimes, and, worst of all, 
confuses and weakens religious life. 
Many see this, and its enemies among its 
own members are perhaps more numer- 
ous than those outside." 

"Thank you. Uncle William, for the 
important, interesting facts you have 
given us this evening," said Sarah ; and 
the party separated for the night. 

The unveiling of the Monument was 
all that had been anticipated. The streets 
about the place were filled with carriages 
and the crowd numbered thousands. 

Mellow hazes veiled the skies, wh^'le 
breezes that for more than half a cen- 
tury had been sighing over "The sorrow 
of Batavia" cooled every brow. The 
presence of the veteran participators in 
ihe tragedy was very touching, as was 
everything connected with the program. 
The granite from the everlasting hilis 
wns a fitting symbol of the eternal prin- 
ciples in defense of which Captain Wil- 
liam Morgan laid down his life. The a i- 
dresses satisfied the high expectations, 
and the memory of Morgan, who fifty - 
six years before was the persecuted vic- 
tim of a diabolical society, now shone in 
the light of a victorious, beloved con- 
queror — a prophecy of that glad on- 



coming day when man could ever and al- 
ways give honest and loving utterance 
to words of truth and helpfulness con- 
cerning the powers of darkness. 

Again the happy quartette were speed- 
ing on towards Chicago. The wonders, 
resources and charms of that ride de- 
lighted the little company. Chicago was 
made richer by their arrival, and the 
never-to-be-forgotten September journey 
occupies the most honorable place in 
memory's cabinet of treasures. 

John located his hardware business on^ 
Madison street, and was happy to find 
himself a neighbor of the National 
Christian Association. 

In telling his wife about it he added,. 
"I went into their .office to-day, and here 
is the exposition of the first seven ie- 
grees, which I purchased there. I wilt 
send it on to Brother George after I 
have learned what I care for out of it. 
Masonic truth acquired in this way has. 
not the sting that pains all who suffer 
its humiliating, indignities at the hands, 
of members when the lodge is at labor."* 

"How glad we are for our privileges,''' 
said Sarah, "and while we strengthen our 
home life, and enlarge our business so 
auspiciously started, we must never cease 
to contribute of our stores to the travel- 
ers all about us as they journey toward 
the beautiful sunset of life." 

"Cheerily on the axe of labor let the 

sunbeams dance, 
Better than the flash of saber or the 

gleam of lance. 
Strike ! with every blow is given freer 

sun and skv, 
And the long-hid earth to heaven lift 5 

her wondering eye." 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 



This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which^.the 
latter and women relatives are elig^ible. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 



Octoher. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Wheaton.itils. 



COME, LET U8 REASON TOC^ETHER. 

BY PRESIDENT C. A. BLANCHARD. 



(Synopsis of an address at the Round Top meet- 
ing, Northfield, Mass., August, 1903. by President 
Bl'anchard, of Wheaton College. Being introduced 
by Mr. Paul Moody, who was in the chair, after 
some preliminary remarks, Mr. IJlanchard spoke 
substantially as follows:) 

The first Psalm declares that the man 
who avoids sin and meditates constantly 
on God's word shall be like a tree plant- 
ed by the water courses, and that what- 
soever he doeth shall prosper. 

It is the general feeling that our min- 
isters and churches are not prospering a? 
they desire. There are many things for 
which to be thankful in the lives of our 
religious assemblies ; but very few men 
would say that whatsoever they do pros- 
pers. 

If this feeling is warranted by rhe 
facts, and, personally, I fear that it is, 
■ the reason is a failure on our part to 
avoid sin or meditate on God's word as 
we should. He is absolutely true, and 
if we comply with the conditions, His 
blessing is sure. It is of importance thai 
we recognize this, for otherwise we shall 
make no progress. If we lay the blame 
of failure on God or other men, our work 
will still make no advance. 

Be Ye Separate. 

Among the neglects of duty which re- 
sult in barrenness and death in the 
churches is the failure to bear witness 
against the popular and prevailing evils 
of the time. The prophet who speaks 
smooth things to his age may prosper, 
but his work will fail. In the end it al- 
ways so appears. 

In our time, the great secret societv 
movement is the one thing which most 
men refuse to examine and discuss. Mil- 
lions of men are interested in it, mil- 
lions of money raised by it ; but a silence 
like that of death prevails. Men are de- 
ceived and die, and no voice of warning 
is raised. 

It is, therefore, fitting that on this oc- 
casion we spend an hour in studying this 
great anti-Christian system; and in a 
rapid review I ask you to observe how 
absolutely the lodge movement differs 
from, and hence antagonizes, the Christ- 
ian organization in which we are engag- 
ed, and 




THE LATE HOME OF DWIGHT L. MOODY, 
NORTHFIELD, MASS. 



First: 

Secret societies are secret : the Christ 
ian religion is open. A secret society is 
one which binds its members to conceal 
the things which are said and done in its 
meetings. No other society is secret. 
Some persons say that courts, churches, 
families and legislatures are secret or- 
ganizations. It is obvious that such per- 
sons either do not know what a secret 
society is or speak falsehood. 

It is also plain that a secret society, 
as Wendell Phillips said, may be used 
for any evil purpose, and is not needed 
for any good one. Good deeds may be 
done openly ; evil deeds naturally lead 
to secrecy. Until all shame or fear is 
gone, a bad man does wrong secretly if 
he can, and denies that the wrong is 



wrong. 



It is evident that a secret society is 
hostile in method to the Christian church. 
Jesus did His work and taught his doc- 
trine openly. (John 18:20, 21.) If 
ever a secret order was needed, it was in 
the days of Jesus and His disciples, 
when He sent out His chosen ones like 
lambs among wolves. But He organized 
no lodge; He entered none; and He told 
His people to let their light shine. 

Second: 

Secret orders are selfish, while Jesus 
and His church are and have l>een benev- 
olent. He told his followers if they did 
well for those who did well to them, 
they were no better than the heathen, all 
of whom did the same. (Matt. 5:46. 



174 



CHRISTIAN GYNO«URE. 



October. I9a3. 



Luke 6:32.) Yet this spirit which Jesus 
condemns is the very foundation of all 
lodges. "Help me, and I will help you." 
"Do good to me, and I will do good to 
you." This is not the attitude of Jesus 
or His church, but is the attitude of 
sinners, godless, unbelieving persons. 

Third: 

Secret societies are lawless, while 
Christianity is law-abiding. The whole 
teaching of Christianity is that men 
should be subject to lawful' authority, 
and should thus aid others to live in 
•peace and harmony. (Luke 4:16. i 
Tim. 2 :2. Rom. 13:4.) Secret societies 
set themselves above law, and introduce 
anarchy by obligating men to obey the 
orders of the lodge and its officers. These 
orders may at any time conflict with the 
laws of the land. When they do, lodge 
men are subjects of two conflicting 
authorities : they should be good citizens ; 
they are obligated to obey another for- 
eign and secret authority. 

Men are puzzled and alarmed at the 
present outbreak of lynching' and mob 
violence. No man who knows about lodges 
should, however, be surprised. Secret 
orders have been training men to set 
their own rules above all law, human or 
divine, for years. We are just beginning 
to reap the harvest from their sowing. 
In the end, it will be earthquake and 
whirlwind. Mob murders are the natural 
and legitimate result of secret oaths and 
obligations. 

Fourth: 

Secret orders abuse, insult and destroy 
the temple of the Holy Spirit. ( i Cor. 
6:19.) The body of man is the temple 
of the Spirit, and lodges delight to de- 
grade it, just as wicked boys Hke to 
throw mud against a beautiful building. 
They strip off the clothing, blind the eyes, 
put cords or chains about the neck or 
arms, put one in jeopardy by hot chairs, 
by real or pretended spikes, by requiring 
men to do things which are dangerous. 

So Rustin was killed at Yale, Leggett 
at Cornell, Lawrence at Chicago. So 
T^lasons and Woodmen have killed candi- 
dates with their pit in the seventh de- 
gree, with their spanker and other de- 
vices to find sport by degrading the tem- 
ple of the Holy Spirit. 



Fifth: 

Such orders are training-schools for 
murder. Every time a candidate is initi- 
ated by the Masons in the first, second, 
third or seventh degree, he swears under 
a penalty that cannot be inflicted without 
murder. Throat cut, tongue torn out, 
heart and vitals taken out, body cut in 
two, these penalties are constantly repeat- 
ed, and each one of them calls for an un- 
lawful killing; yet men who have taken 
these degrees are saying that they have 
not "found anything wrong in Masonry 
so far as they, have gone." 

The industrial orders, with their cries 
of "Rat" and "Scab," are of the same 
spirit. (Matt. 5:22.). These are the 
cries of murderers and asassins. Those 
who use them will , leap, four or five or 
a hundred to one, out of a dark , alley, 
and pound a fellow mortal to death in the 
street if he does what their lodge tells 
him nO't to do. Any secret society, at 
any time, may become a murderers' den. 

Sixth: 

Secret orders destroy sound ideas re- 
specting morals. God's moral code is 
given in Exodus 20:3-17, and is sum- 
marized by Jesus under the two com- 
mands, suprem.e love to God and equal 
love to men. (Matt. 22:34-39.) The 
very essence of the law is its universality. 
Lodges, however, obligate men to do 
good to their fellow members, and not to 
do evil to them. They swear men and 
women not to steal from, speak evil of, 
strike in anger, or commit adultery with, 
persons related to them through the 
lodge. 

Satan himself could be an acceptable 
lodge member so' far as its morality is 
concerned. The system affords ample 
scope for the exercise of every dark and 
malignant passion that ever cursed the 
human heart. God requires a pure heart 
and right conduct ; lodges require that 
you shall not harm a lodge member, but 
shall do him good. Such morality is 
from satan. 

Seventh: 

Secret orders train men to neglect the 
virtues of industry, economy and fore- 
sight, which are the basis of a Christian 
civilization. God requires men to do 
daily duty, and then to trust him for the 
rest. (Jer. 49:11.) Lodges teach men 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYXOSUKE. 



175 



to be idle, extravagant and careless, 
trusting to lodge members and funds in 
case of need. "I belong to the lodge; 
it will help me if I have no money," has 
been the ruin of many a family as to 
property. 

Get up in the morning. Work faith- 
fully. Save carefully. Do duty, and God 
will care for you. This is the language 
of the church, and if, without fault on 
your part, destitution comes, you may 
trust God and His people for needed 
help. Thousands of His saints have tried 
this road and found it safe and happy. 
The lodge method of securing the future 
is marked by despair and suicide. 

Kiirhth: 

Lodges unite good men and bad ones 
in brotherly fellowship, which is clearly 
forbidden by the law of God. (2 Cor. 
,6:14-18.) This rule is as plain as 
language can make it. It has brought 
multitudes of Christian men out of 
lodges : it has kept greater multitude from 
entering them. No man can enter a lodge 
without trampling it under foot. ''To 
him that knoweth to do good, and doeth 
it not, to him it is sin." (James 4:17.) 
Child of God, beware of any organiza- 
tion that unites in fraternal relations good 
and evil men. Open and mere social and 
business relations, are forbidden by this 
law, how much more these close, oath- 
bound orders, which teach men to call 
each other brother without asking 
whether they belong to God or His 
enemv. 

Ninth: 

Secret orders exclude Jesus Christ. 
They read the Bible and say prayers, and 
give moral talks, and exclude Jesus 
Christ, the only Savior of the world. At 
last, every man and every institution must 
be tested by this question, What is his or 
its relation to Jesus? Any spirit that 
acknowledges Him is of God ; any spirit 
that does not acknowledge Him is of 
satan. Lodges exclude Jesus Christ. 
When they profess His name, as in the 
Good Templars and the Knight Tem- 
plars, they in their works deny Him. 
(Titus I :i6.) 

Jesus does not care to have men re- 
peat His name alone. He wishes them to 
obey His commands and reproduce His 
character. He is offended when churches 



say, "Lord, Lord," and do not do the 
things which He said. For men to dress 
up in their uniforms, put the cross on 
their caps, gloves and coats, and then live 
godless and wicked lives, is an insult and 
an offense to Him. 

Tenth: 

Secret orders teach men that they can 
earn salvation by works, which is another 
contradiction of the word of God and an 
insult to the Savior. The orders teach 
that their members go to the Grand 
Lodge above when they die, and by 
Grand Lodge they mean heaven. No 
faith in Jesus being required, it is obvious 
that these persons expect to be saved by 
works of righteousness which they have 
done. This is a plain, direct denial of 
God's word, which declares that no man 
is justified by the deeds of the law (Gal. 
2:16), and it also makes the sacrifice of 
Jesus needless. 

Another remark should be made here, 
which is that when one's idea of salva- 
tion is wrong, his morality is almost sure 
to suffer. If his does not, his children's 
v/ill. Washington said, "Let us with 
caution indulge the supposition that mor- 
ality can be preserved without religion." 
The awful revelries and debauches 
which are carried on by the Elks, the 
Shriners and others are all the comment 
needed on the doctrine that men can be 
saved by teaching morality. Without the 
blood of Jesus preached and believed, 
there has never been organized a decent 
civilization. 

Conclusion. 

Now, friends, what are you going to 
do about these false religions that under 
the name of lodges are building their 
temples in every city, and are everywhere 
rivaling and supplanting the churches of 
Jesus Christ? ' Of what use is it for you 
to gather here and learn the word of God 
if you are not willing to do as He did and 
bear testimony to the truth which you 
have received ? 

Jesus would not have been hated and 
crucified if He had done as we 
are tempted to do, and had carefully 
avoided witnessing against present evils. 
No man was ever hated for a testimony 
in favor of good, but men who have dared 
to testify against iniquities have always 
been crucified. The dear -Lord bless you, 



176 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October. 1903. 



M < ■ 

I 



and make you true. Millions of souls 
wait for the word that shall set them 
iree. If you will speak it, you will share 
the cross of your Savior, but you will 
also receive His crown and His reward. 
If you reap, you will ''receive wages and 
gather fruit to life eternal." 




Rev. Newton Wray, whose pleasing 
countenance looks out upon us from the 
Cynosure this month, is a Presbyterian 
pastor, in the prime of life, and minister 
of a cj^iurch that does "not believe 'in 
catering to the world for the sake ot the 
world's support." All will be interested 
in his personal testimony, which follows, 
as well as in an extract from his tract, 
"The Lodge." 

"With the exception of a college fra- 
ternity, I was never a member of any 
secret order until I joined the Junior 
Order of United American Mechanics, 
being induced to do so by the plea that 
it was a patriotic organization. One 
year's experience was enough to satisfy 
me that one could not "live unto God'' 
and be identified with the lodge, where 
worldliness and nonsense went on in 
spite of protest. I renounced it forever. 
Since then the conviction has grown 
deeper and stronger every year that 
secrecy is of the devil, and that to yoke 
oneself with the ungodly in this way is 



to "turn the grace of God into lascivi- 
ousness and deny our only Master and 
Lord Jesus Christ." 

Some ministers of the Gospel claim 
that they join secret orders in order to 
have an influence with men. But this 
is a delusion and a snare. Ask them 
how many men they have led to Christ 
by such influence, and they are as silent 
as the grave. Not a soul can be saved 
without the Holy Spirit. But as His 
only mission is to glorify and reveal 
Jesus. (John 16:7-15). He will never 
co-operate where Jesus Christ does not 
have "the pre-eminence." (Col. 1:18). 

Conversation with lodge men who 
have made their order a substitute for 
the church and the Gospel of regenera- 
tion, has burdened me with grief over 
the awful darkness and delusion of these 
men, and intensified my objection to 
secret orders. Woe to the false shep- 
herds, who, by their endorsement oE 
these orders, are misleading blind souls ! 

It was such considerations that led to 
the writing of my tract — "The Lodge." 
I felt the burden of the Lord upon me. 
O that this burden were laid upon all 
who seek His glory ! 



THE CALL TO SEPARATION. 



By Rev. Newton Wray. 

Worldliness dominates the lodge. Its 
controlling elements are worldly. The 
presence in it of Christians does not 
alter its character and prevent the hold- 
ing of balls and other functions which 
foster the desires of the flesh, and antag- 
onize the spiritual life it is the mission 
of the church to promote. Believers 
were warned that they could not belong 
to heathen lodges and expect God to be 
their Father. The principle still holds. 
In the world's camp, the believer's name 
clothes the world's views and actions 
Vv'ith the semblance of right. His pres-. 
f-nce there gives aid and comfort to the 
enemies of God. (James 4:4). The be- 
liever's true place is with his Master 
"without the camp." (Heb. 13:12-13). 

Corollary to the sin of having com- 
munion with "unbelievers," is that of 
calling them "brothers," which is done 
by every Christian who belongs to a 



Dctober. 11K>3. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



1 1 



lodge. "One is your Master, and all yt 
are brethren," w^as spoken by Christ to 
His disciples, not to unconverted people. 
Words and ideas which belong only to 
the brotherhood in Christ, cannot be ap- 
plied by believers to those who have lut 
part in that brotherhood. A Christian 
who does so is guilty of treason to 
Christ and is recreant to his responsibil- 
ity for perishing souls, 

Satan's Counterfeits. 

From the beginning, Satan has coun- 
terfeited everything God has ordained 
for the propagation of Divine truth, and 
the salvation of men. 

Did God raise up true prophets? 
Satan opposed them with false prophets. 

Did God send His Son to redeem 
mankind, and is that Son coming again 
in power and glory ? Satan has sent 
many anti-christs into the world, and 
there will yet appear one bearing in 
proud pre-eminence this title. (2 Thess. 

2 :3-4). 

Did Christ found the church for tht 
evangelization of the world and the com- 
ing of His kingdom? Satan has filled 
the world with lodges, to get the eyes 
of men oi¥ the church, which is ''the 
pillar and ground of the truth." (I Tim. 

.3:i5)- 

Has Christ a brotherhood of regen- 
erated souls ? Satan also has innumer- 
able brotherhoods, to blind men to the 
only one bearing the seal of heaven and 
invested with the prerogatives of an im- 
jTiortal kingdom. 

What a gross surrender of his high 
^distinction as king and priest unto God, 
for a Christian to become allied with 
those who have "no part nor lot in the 
Word," whose "hearts are not right be- 
fore God," and to designate as "broth- 
ers" those who are "in the gall of bit- 
terness and in the bond of iniquity 1" 
Think of a minister of the Gospel or any 
disciple of Jesus, being initiated and led 
about by such men, and then over their 
dead bodies smirching the holiness of 
God and mocking His glory by preten^l- 
ing they went to join the brotherhood of 
blood-washed souls on high! If there 
was ever a lie out of hell, it is this, and 
the makers of it will go where it be- 
longs. (Rev. 2T :8, 2^; 22:15). 



The Place for Witnessinsr* 

It is one of the artifices of Satan to 
persuade Christians that membership iii 
such societies will enhance their influ- 
ence and give them a hold on men for 
Christ. This is the "short-cut" he pro- 
posed to Christ. (Mat. 4:8-9). No, no! 
The place for witnessing is the place of 
separation. (Heb. 11:7; Id. 13:13). The 
great soul-winners have been men who. 
like their Master, rejected this artifice. 
No man who, Ephraim-like, "mixes him- 
self among the people" of the world, can 
ever be "a vessel unto honor, sanctified, 
meet for the Master's use, prepared un- 
to every good work." "Strangers"' will 
"devour his strength, and he knov/ it 
not." (Compare Hos. 7 :8-9 and 2 Tim. 
2:21). . 

God has issued but one call to His 
people, and it still rings like an alarm- 
bell in the ears of a slumbering world : 
"come out and be separate." Our posi- 
tion is that of "strangers and pilgrims" 
in a world that rejects the Son of God, 
and in which we are to "hold forth the 
word of life." (i Pet. 2:11; Phil. 2:1 j- 

16). 

Respect for All, Fellowship with Saints. 

As Christians, we must be respectiul 
to all men, (i Pet. 2:17) and in the 
affairs of life may do business with them, 
but we cannot yoke ourselves with them 
in secret, oath-bound organizations. Fel- 
lowship with the Lord precludes fel- 
lowship with His enemies. O that vhese 
words were laid to heart by every one 
who professes to be His friend: "Know 
ye not that the friendship of the world 
is enmity with God? Whosoever there- 
fore would be a friend of the world 
maketh himself an enemy of God. (las. 
4 :4-R. V.) 



MUST AND WILL. 



Some of the prelates of the Church of 
Rome are very busy Uitely denying the press 
reports rejranling the removal of the "bau" 
upon members of secret fraternities; but 
the fact that they are the very ones who 
instijrated the trouble, argues that they <are 
in the wrong. 

This thing must and will come in du« 
time.— Age. Copied in Masonic Chronicle. 

Some Masonic degrees were framed by 
Romanites. A priest will assure you of 
that. 



3 78 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Oetol)er, 1903. 



tutorial. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 

PRICE— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, ten cents. 

DISCONTIMJAIMCES— We find that a largre number of 
our subscribers prefer not to have their subscriptions 
interrupted and their files broken in case they fail 
to remit before expiration. IT IS THEREFORE 
ASSUMED. UNLESS NOTIFICATION TO DIS- 
CONTINUE IS RECEIVED, THAT THE SUB- 
SCRIBER WISHES TO HAVE THE CYNOSURE 
CONTINUED. Notification to discontinue at expi- 
ration can be sent in at any time durinsT the year. 

PRESEIMTATIOIM COPIES— Many persons subscribe for 
THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE to be sent to 
friends. In such cases , if we are advised that a sub- 
scription is a present and not regrularly authorized 
by the recipient, we will make a memorandum to 
discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for the 
ensuing year. 



A FRATERNAL OPINION. 



The Cynosure regards fallacious life 
insurance as one of the more active agen- 
cies promoting the growth of the lodge 
system. It therefore believes itself to 
be working strictly within its own dis- 
tinctive province when laboring to show 
that such insurance, however faulty oth- 
erwise, is also comparatively unprofitable 
for business reasons. In performing this 
service — namely, weakening the attrac- 
tive power of secret organizations — it is 
glad to avail itself of help coming from 
within secret orders themselves, when, 
as is sometimes, not to say often the 
case, some one speaks a true word con- 
cerning the real nature of the busines.-. 

A Past Grand Master of Wisconsin 
and General Officer of Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, wrote an article on Masonic insur- 
ance which was published in The Ma- 
sonic Tidings. From this article we cull 
the following fraternal opinion of frater- 
nal insurance as observed from within. 

The writer says : ''Life insurance is 
an established business, and there is no 
more reason for Masons as Masons en- 
gaging in it than for them to engage in 
manufacturing or any other business. 
But experience and facts are stronger 
than arguments on this question, and 
while not questioning the honest inten- 
tion of its promoters, I will give a few 



facts to show that Masonic insurance is 
a fraud upon its victims. 

In our order, it necessarily takes the 
form of what is called 'society or as- 
sessment insurance.' That form, at the 
outset, is alluring from its cheapness, but 
its record is one long record of failures. 
I have not the statistics to show the num- 
ber which have been in existence, but of 
those which were and are not, the record 
shows over 2,000 failures, with many 
others in an exceedingly bad way. 

"The failures of Masonic companies 
number over forty. Our own jurisdic- 
tion numbers many victims." * >!< >{!^ 
'T have before me an item relative to 
the Masonic Benefit Association of Mis- 
souri, now among the failures. Assess- 
ments, at first very low, rose to the as- 
tounding sum of $140 on each $1,000- 
certificate. It was so high that payments 
were refused and the company failed. 
Now the courts have decided that mem- 
bers are liable for assessments to a suf- 
ficient amount to satisfy unpaid death, 
claims. 

"Another living company which claims 
to be a strong one, the Knights Tem- 
plar and Mason's Life Indemnity Com- 
pany of Chicago. At the outset, assess- 
ments were far between and insurance 
VN^as cheap. Now, no month passes with- 
out an assessment, and not infrequently 
a double one. The net cost of insur- 
ance to a man past sixty, who has been 
•paying since its organization, is about 
$33 P^i' $1,000, with an almost absolute 
certainty of its rising, inside of five years,, 
to nearly double that amount. Again, a. 
recent instance, when assessment was 
paid promptly ; by an oversight the 
payment of Annual Dues was neglected 
until two days over the time had elapsed, 
when the company coolly informs the 
member, who has been paying money to 
them since their organization, 'that his 
policy is forfeited and he is too old to 
be reinstated.' 

"I know of no regular life insurance 
company which is not more liberal in its 
dealings with its policy holders, and, in 
addition, if the holder is unable to con- 
tinue his premiums, he receives a paid-up 
policy for the amount which he has 
paid." 

This article recognizes faQts that are 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



179 



no secret, but are well recognized both 
within and outside fraternal circles, wher- 
ever insurance business is understood. 
They have caused the secondary organi- 
zation of orders into general organi- 
zations like the Fraternal Congress. 
These federations of secret insurance or- 
ders have tried in one way or another to 
bring the business down to more reason- 
able and practical terms, but the last we 
knew they had not even agreed upon a 
uniform plan. Meanwhile, insurance or- 
ders have recently been dropping from 
view at the rate of more than a hundred 
a year. No kind of insurance, fine, life 
or any kind, could stand such a strain. 
Suppose a hundred savings banks should 
fail every year, and life insurance — at 
least the regular form — is nothing but 
savings bank business modified. 



HARD ON THE AGED. 



But All for Sweet Charity. 

(Special to the Record-Herald.) 
Milwaukee, Aug. 26. — The Wisconsin 
Grand Lodge of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen may decide to secede 
from the national body on account of the 
new raise in assessments. This is the 
same trouble that has stirred up New 
England lodges to the point of rebellion. 
The new rates affect members over 55 
years of age particularly, and raise their 
assessments 34 cents per $1,000. This is 
made necessary, the national lodge as- 
serts, if the order is to be kept out of 
bankruptcy. 



LATE DISAPPOINTMENT. 



An acquaintance of ours who now un- 
derstands insurance well, at some earlier 
time became connected with the United 
Order of the Golden Cross. His age be- 
ginning to count by larger figures, he 
has been inclined to hold on to his cer- 
tificate for what it might happen to prove 
worth. He lately received notice that 
after the August payment at the usual 
rate of three dollars and thirty-three 
cents, the monthly rate would be twelve 
dollars. This would make $144 a year, 
which expense dues of $4 would bring 
up to $148. 

At first he thought he would keep the 



insurance through August, but afterward 
he changed his mind and let it all go. 

Ordinary insurance is easier to carry, 
costing less as time goes on, but this 
fraternal golden fallacy suddenly rises 
370 per cent, when its patron reaches 
three score and ten. Such a method of 
weeding out older patrons before they 
draw on the United Order of the Golden 
Cross by death claims, calls to mind 
Bryan's oratorical declaration, "You shall 
not crucify mankind upon a cross of 
gold." 



TITLES-IN-CHIEF. 



"We are a nation of 'jiners,' to be 
sure," remarks the Springfield Republi- 
can, "and one of the queerest of the so- 
cieties which help to advertise their mem- 
bers is the 'Aaron Burr legion,' for which 
Charles F. Pidgin, of 20 Mt. Vernon 
street, Boston, is chiefly responsible. The 
'legion' met in Newark, N. J., Wednes- 
day, to commemorate the 147th anniver- 
sary of the birth of Col. Burr. He was 
born Feb. 6, to be sure, but 'for reasons 
which were made known at the meeting,' 
this week's date was chosen" (July 15). 
"All this is part of an efi:ort 'to rehabili- 
tate the memory of Col. Burr in the 
minds of his countrymen.' 

"Of this 'legion' Charles Felton Pidgin 
announces himself 'councilor-in-chief 
and 'correspondent-in-chief.' It may all 
help to attract attention to the Aaron 
Burr books written by this what-you- 
may-call-it-in-chief — but Mr. Pidgin is 
also chief of the Massachusetts bureau of 
labor statistics, and that is a title of dig- 
nity and pertains to serious work. There 
will be those disposed to criticise the 
head of that office as he frisks oft" with 
these other titles-in-chief. Not thus did 
the serious-minded Wadlin comi>ort him- 
self, or Col. Carroll D. Wright. While 
this is the hot season, when monkey 
shines are somewhat in order, these su- 
perfluous Pidgin-wings were cut in 
cooler and calmer davs." 



It is not by willing but by doing that 
the world's achievements are wrought. 



Beyond the good there is always a bet- 
ter. 



180 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1903. 



KNIGHTS TEMPLAR. 



Ancient Oaih Binding:. 

In the early twelfth century, when the 
order was first founded to protect pilgrims 
journeying to the holy tomb at Jerusalem 
against the onslaughts of the Moslems, the 
applicant for knighthood was required to be 
of an age and of a physique so that he 
"could manfully and with armed hand ex- 
tirpate the enemies of Christ out of the 
land," and his initiatory vow was that he 
should ever be ready to "fight the enemies 
of Christ, even to the death." The oaths 
are still the same, and high officials of the 
Knights Templars insist that the call for a 
crusade now will be as potent as in the 
days when Richard the Lion-Hearted and 
his knights in armor took issue Avith Sala- 
din at the brook of Kishon. 

While the first summons for holy warfare 
will be considered to-night before St. Ber- 
nai'd Commandery, members of the remain- 
ing ten eommanderies in Chicago are active- 
ly supporting the movement, while in the 
smaller cities, such as Rockford, Peoria, 
Springfield, Galena and Ottawa, the acts of 
the Turk are said to have aroused a strong 
sentiment among the fraternity that the time 
is ripe for a revival of the spirit and the 
TOWS of the organization." 

Similar matter to the above has been 
published quite generally throughout the 
country. It is simply cheap advertising. 
The Knights Templar is a Mason of the 
Twelfth degree of the American Rite, 
Many of the leaders have taken the obli- 
gation of a Mystic Shriner. In the Blue 
Lodge the future Knights Templar is 
religiously a pagan, in the Commandery 
he drinks wine out of a human skull in 
the name of Christ, and as a Shriner 
he poses as a Mohammedan, and pro- 
fesses allegiance to Allah. 

We are gravely told by the daily press 
that this being of fuss and feathers and 
drinking skulls — religiously composed of 
infidelity, a carica:tured Christianity and 
Mohammedanism — is about to take the 
field against the Mohammedan Turk in 
the interests of the Bulgarians. The 
reason given is that for eight hundred 
years the Knights Templars have been 
under obligation "to fight for Christian- 
ity to the death," The chief characteris- 
tic of their fighting for Christianity in 
this country in all their great conclaves 
has been their patronage of saloons, and 
their welcome to houses of ill-fame. 
The California Commanderies took to 
these annual gatherings, according to 



the press, their intoxicants by the car- 
load. 

Every one sympathizes with little Bul- 
garia, naturally, but the Bulgarians, as 
a people, are no more Christian than 
are the Knights Templars. The conflict 
in that unhappy province of Bulgaria is 
part racial, part religious and largely 
political. There is not the least prob- 
ability in the world of their being helped 
by bodies of Freemasons in this coun- 
try, but the distress of that country en- 
ables the lodge to pose before the coun- 
try and receive some cheap advertising. 



THE GRAND ARMY REUNION. 



The 37th annual convention of the 
national organization of the G. A. R. 
has become history. Reports of various 
ofhcers were read. 

The report of Thomas J. Stewart, the 
commander in chief, contained the follow- 
ing : The gains in membership the past 
year were: By muster, 8,183; transfer, 
3,608; reinstatement, 11,673; ^^^ losses 
by death, 8,366; honorable discharge, 
730; transfer, 2,990; suspension, 13,513; 
dishonorable discharge, y6; delinquent 
reports, 5,022; net loss, 7,245. 

The chaplain in chief, D. B. Shuey, 
said in his report : There is a growing 
danger that Memorial day will be used 
by some as a holiday in the sense of pleas- 
ure, and thus lose sight of its sacred sig- 
nificance. Baseball games and all kinds 
of amusements ought to be prohibited on 
that day, and every effort should be made 
by municipal authorities and others to 
prevent its desecration. 

The report of Inspector General F. A. 
Walsh contained the following figures : 
Number of posts, 6,71 1, a loss of 5 ; mem- 
bers in good standing, 255,100, a loss 
of 9,162; aggregate of post relief fund, 
$380,869, an increase of $25,185; aggre- 
gate expenditure by posts for relief, 
$158,166, a decrease of $60,513. The 
post quartermasters and trustees have on 
hand $104,878. The value of the proper- 
ty owned by the posts is $1,815,108. 

A proposition to admit sons of veter- 
ans into the Grand Army posts was 
strongly supported, but after an extended 
debate was defeated by a small major- 



October. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



181 



ity. The encampment adopted a resolution 
requesting Congress to pass a bill pen- 
sioning all veterans who have reached the 
age of 62 years. 



THE NORTHFIELD SCHOOLS. 

Christiau Education — How Boys and Girls 
Prepare for Coilece. 

Mr. Moody, passing a hut, one time 
on the mountain side, saw some girls 
about the school-girl age, braiding palm 
leaf hats. There was no school near 
them and they could not afiford to go 
away to one. After a few questioning 
remarks Mr. Moody determined to found 
a school for just such girls. That was 
in 1879. The school was Northfield 
Seminary. Two years later he established 
a similar school for boys and called it 
Mount Hermon. 

In the twenty years since then, these 
schools have developed so that last year 
the total enrollment was about 1,200, rep- 
resenting not only nearly every State in 
the Union but also many foreign coun- 
tries. That these students are the ones 
for whom the school was founded is 
shown in the report of the Principal of 
Northfield Seminary : Our plan is not 
to accept girls whose parents could afford 
to send them to more costly schools, nor 
to accept those who would be likely to 
prove poor investments." The annual 
report of the Principal of Mount Her- 
mon School has a similar import. Of 
the 725 boys registered there, one-third 
are working their own way. This is 
possible from the fact that the average 
age of the school is higher than it is at 
the ordinary college preparatory school, 
and because the method by which the 
school is run is, to provide board, room 
and tuition for the students, at just half 
the actual cost. This opens a way for 
sturdy industrious fellows to prepare for 
college and smile at their empty pockets. 
The idea is not a free education, but an 
education possible through work. 

As might be expected from a place 
connected with D. L. Moody, a strong 
religious sentiment permeates both 
schools. Daily chapel exercises are held, 
a well established church is maintained, 
and in addition, students are required to 
pursue courses in Bible the same as in 



Latin or Greek. Character, rather than 
brightness, is the standard by which each 
student is judged. F'our years of high 
intellectual training coupled with the 
physical eflfort of self support and influ- 
enced by the healthy spiritual life of 
Northfield, combine to give a prepara- 
tion not only for a college but for the 
best and noblest kind of life. And that 
is the purpose and first object of the 
Moody Schools. 



DEATH FOLLOWS INITIATION. 



(Special to the Record-Herald.) 
Blufttoii, Ind., Sept. 15.— Ralph McBride, 
17 years old, died to-day as the result of 
injuries received while being hazed last 
June by students of the high school, and a 
special grand jury has been summoned to 
meet October 5 and investigate the affair. 

McBride and John Brinneman were severe- 
ly beaten and bruised while being initiated 
into the '"L. S. S. B.." a secret society of the 
school. They were kept out until early in 
the morning, compelled to run headlong Into 
barns, jump over declivities and were 
pounded with clubs. Five boys were in- 
dicted several weeks ago for assault and 
battery and the cases were set for trial 
Friday of this week. 



(By The Associated Press.) 
New York, Sept. 2. — Continued crim- 
inality in the anthracite coal fields of 
northern Pennsylvania has not only 
aroused a feeling of insecurity among 
the residents of the poorly protected 
mountain districts but the authorities are 
becoming much puzzled over the mystery 
surrounding the nimierous murders com- 
mitted, according to special dispatches 
from Tamaqua. 

The coal and iron police and detectives 
declare that the spirit of Molly Maguire 
brotherhood is as strong in certain local- 
ities as during the early '70s. when crime 
was rampant throughout the coal fields. 
The local authorities of Schuylkill coun- 
ty have endeavored to ferret out and hunt 
down the murderers, but all cflforts have 
proved futile. Five men killed recently 
are asserted to have received missives 
bearing the suggestive skull and cross- 
bones, but paid no attention to them. 

From the mystery surrounding several 
unprovoked tragedies in Luzerne, Colum- 
bia and Lackawanna counties it is be- 
lieved that some oath-bound org^aniza- 



182 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1903. 



tion is responsible for the crimes. The 
poHce of Columbia county have already 
arrested several suspects. 



St. Louis — The Central Trades and La- 
bor Union voted unanimously to protest 
to President Roosevelt against his action 
in reinstating W. A. Miller in the gov- 
ernment printing office. 



DEFRAUDED RED MEN. 



Man Said to Have Absconded from Wash- 
ington Sentenceid in Connecticut. 



Bristol, Conn., March 20. — Edward 
Sears, about 27 years old, who claims to 
be a member in good standing of the Im- 
proved Order oi Red Men, in Wash- 
ington, D. C, has been arrested here on 
a charge of defrauding Red Men in New 
Britain. In the Police Court to-day 
Sears, after pleading guilty to the charge, 
was sentenced to forty-five days in jail. 

Local Red Men, it is said, think that 
Sears is the man who left Washington 
with about $2,000 belonging to a tribe of 
Red Men in that city. The Washington 
Tribe will be communicated with con- 
cerning the matter. 
— Philadelphia Ledger. 



TWO LODGE ROOMS. 



A few years ago a woman wrote from 
Pennsylvania, ''If I had the talent I 
could devote a lifetime toward the put- 
ting down of the awful evil of secret so- 
cieties. I wish some of the women who 
encourage their husbands to go to such 
dens could have lived for two years be- 
tween two lodge rooms of Masons and 
Odd Fellows and witnessed what I did; 
they would bitterly oppose them. Glad- 
ly would I wipe those two years out of 
my life if I could, but the memory of 
those awful nights I spent there alone 
with mv little children I can never for- 
get." 

A man whose employment kept him 
in the evening where Masons passed his 
room in going up to their lodge room, 
said that some of the worst men in the 
city went up stairs : "Terrible men !" 



REV. BEARDSLEE ARRAIGNS CYNOSURE 



Editor Cynosure: 

In your issue of July, 1903, you state that 

Mr. and family lived for a time near 

, Iowa. He was such a drunkard that 

it was a blessing to his wife and children 
when he left them and lived in Keokuk, 
Iowa. His wife was an invalid, and was 
cared for by the children as best they could. 

Mr. did not contribute a single cent to 

the support of his family. He died in 
Keokuk. By his bed was a half bottle of 
whiskey, which he was unable to drink. The 
Masons took charge of the body, and ship- 
ped it to , where they had a Masonic 

funeral, and buried him as one in good 
standing in the order, sending his soul to 
the Grand Lodge above. After it was all 
over the Masonic lodge sent a bill for fun- 
eral expenses to the poor, bed-ridden 
widow." 

Do you suppose anybody but a fool will 
believe such a statement as that. You do 
not give the name of the man, his place of 
residence, nor the name of the lodge which 
did such a thing. Like many other state- 
ments you're in the habit of making, there 
is not one word of truth in it. I challenge 
you to name the lodge that did such a thing, 
give us the name of the Master and the 
number of the lodge and its location. If 
such a case ever did occur it is only fair 
that the Masons through out the country 
should know it, who they are, where they 
live, etc. Unless you can substantiate your 
statement, you must be branded as an in- 
famous slanderer of your neighbors. I have 
frequently read your Cynosure, and am more 
than convinced that you and your set are 
doing more to injure the cause of religion 
and churches than all the lodges combined 
have ever done. 

Do you for a moment believe that the most 
intelligent men in the country, and found 
among our most enterprising citizens, would 
consent to remain in such an order as you 
picture the Masonic lodge to be, or that they 
are such consumate fools that they cannot 
discover what has never existed? You have 
for years been hammering away at the 
Masons, yet you have not made the least im- 
pression upon the solid ranks of men, who 
compose it. 

You and your compeers have made more 
Masons than any dozen Masons could, and 
have been the great instrument through 
whom the order has been freely advertised 
and the attention of men, who had not 
thought of it, until they hear or read your 
statements which so convince them of the 
untruthfulness, that they invariably join the 
order to find out that you don't know what 
you are talking about. 

Respectfully, ' 

(Rev.) W. W. BEARDSLEE, 
Flint, Mich., July 13, 1903. 



October. 1903. 



OHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



mi 



We will not retort with the same kind 
of language, but must really be excused 
from believing that readers of the Cyno- 
sure "invariably join" the Masons. It 
is true that we did not give the "name of 
the man," but our critic will find if he 
looks again that we did give "his place of 
residence." which was also the place 
where he died, and the place whence the 
Masons sent his body away for burial. 
In fact, he plainly quotes us as repre- 
senting the man as living for a time near 
some place in Iowa, from which point 
he went and lived in Keokuk. How 
does our correspondent know that there 
is not one word of truth in what we 
expressly indorsed as a true story? Does 
he know that no one lived in Keokuk 
under such circumstances? That is "one 
word." Does he know that the woman 
was not an invalid, or that the man failed 
to support her? If either is true, that is 
"one word." Does he doubt that Ma- 
sons are mortal, and is there anything 
incredible in the mention of whiskev 
beside the bed of a Mason? Is it un- 
precedented or incredible, or exceptional 
in Iowa, that Masons hold funerals ? 
How about that "one word"? Which 
knows, he or the widow, whether she 
received a bill? 

We may have made a lot of Masons ; 
our correspondent says so, and he abhors 
untruthful accusations ; but we can at 
least plead the excuse of Trotty Veck in 
The Chimes ; we didn't "go to do it." 
We suggest to our friend to take up the 
clue at Keokuk and see what he finds, 
then come back and read our "True 
Storv." 



TENDENCY TO CHRISTIANIZE MA- 
SONRY. 

The Toronto Freemason says: "The 
Square and Compass, New Orleans, de- 
plores the tendency in certain of its con- 
temporaries to Christianize Freemasonry. 
It believes that religion and Masonry should 
be kept apart to preserve harmony among 
the members, who, outside the Craft have 
religious convictions widely divergent." 

So long as the square and compass in 

the lodge must lie on a Bible or Koran 

or Veda or some other religious book. 

and that book must in turn lie on an 

altar, and an oath must be sworn on the 



book, — we will proceed no further — 
religion and Freemasonry cannot be 
"kept apart." So long, also, as Masonic 
landmarks remain unremoved. Masonic 
practice in lodge ceremonies remain un- 
changed, and Masonic principles abide., 
there need be little anxiety among the 
brethren lest Freemasonry become Chris- 
tianized. The leopard cannot change his 
spots. 



GREEK LETTER SOCIETIES. 

Rev. Frank De Witt Talmage of the 
Jefferson Park Church, Chicago, was 
sought by two or three secret societies 
when he entered college. One was "com- 
posed of men notorious for their dissi- 
pation." I said to myself," remarks Mr. 
Talmage, "I c9.nnot afford to place my^ 
self where I may be surrounded by men 
who drink and gamble." 

A young man who had been president 
of the Y. M. C. A. of Worcester, Mass., 
Academy, entered Brown University and 
presently missed as a Christian worker 
in college, one who had been a helper 
in the academy association. He found 
the explanation in his having been drawn 
into a college secret society. 

At the end of the year a Greek letter 
society in another institution located in 
the East is left almost without members 
because poor scholarship has dropped 
them out of their classes. Few of its 
members get diplomas. The door of that 
chapter house seems to open outward. 



SOLICITING. 

Here is what the Masonic Standard of 
New York has to say on this vexed ques- 
tion: 

"It is a question how far one may prop- 
erly go in soliciting candidates for the Chap- 
ter or Commandery. Common decency 
should deter a Companion or Sir Knight 
from making statements derogatory to the 
character of other bodies than the one he 
happens to be hustling for, but common de- 
cency seems to be unfortunately lacking 
from the makeup of some zealous record- 
breakers."— Missouri Freemason. 

There might be decency in not solicit- 
ing at all. 



If there is a song within, let it sing- 
its wav out. 



184 



CHRISTIAJ^ GYNOSURE. 



Octot^er.. 1^'d. 



Jletti0 of iur Pori 



We learn through Rev. Robert A. 
Paden, of Mankato, Kan., that an anti- 
secrecy convention for Kansas has been 
determined upon, to be held in the not 
distant future. We hope to have a re- 
port for our next number of the Chris- 
tian Cynosure. Brother Paden is to give 
one of the addresses at this convention. 



ENCOURAGING FOR MICHIGAN. 



Mr. and Mrs.,E. Pennock have each 
pledged five dollars towards the work in 
Michigan, and the First Holland Chris- 
tian Reformed Church of Muskegon, 
Michigan, has taken up a collection 
amounting to $25.25. There are many 
churches yet to be heard from, and much 
can be done for that State. We trust 
that the officers will take due notice and 
govern themselves accordingly. 



BOVINA CENTER. NEW YORK. 



Program, Anti-Secrecy Convention 
meeting in the Covenanter Church, Bo- 
vina Center, N. Y., Nov. 3, 1903 : 

Morning Session. — Rev. T. M. Slater, 
presiding. 

Devotional. 

Our Duty to Live in the Light, and 
Make Known Whatever is for the Com- 
mon Good. — Rev. G. M. Robb, Syracuse, 
N. Y. 

The Evil Oath is also discussed. 

Afternoon Session — Mr. Lewis, presid- 
ing. 

Devotional. 

Secrecy as Opposed to the Example 
and Spirit of Christ. — Rev. H. L. Crock- 
ett, Cortland, N. Y. 

Secretism and Citizenship discussed. 

The So-Called Minor Orders.— Rev. J. 
A. Gordon, Cabin Hill, N. Y. 

The Lodge a Parasite.— Rev. W. M. 
George, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Evening Session. — Mr. Samson, pre- 
siding. 

Devotional. 

Masonry a False Religion. — - Rev. 
James Parker, Jersey City, N. J. 

The Lodge and the Home. — Rev. S. H. 
Swartz, Yorkville, 111. 



There are many benevolent men and 
women of moderate or large means, es- 
pecially 'persons somewhat advanced in 
years, who would be glad to place their 
money where it would bring a fair re- 
turn and relieve them of all solicitude 
as to its security and availability when 
needed. If any of our readers wish to 
contribute in this way, ample security 
will be given, and an Annuity will be 
prom,ptly paid during the lifetime of the 
contributor. 

Several persons in years past have aid- 
ed this Association in the way indicated^ 
and found the arrangement as satisfac- 
tory to themselves as it was helpful to 
the National Christian Association. Fur- 
ther information will be given by Wm. 
I. Phillips, General Secretary, or by any 
of the officers of the Association, who 
may be addressed at the Association's 
building, 221 West Madison street, Chi- 
cago. It is to be hoped that some of 
our liberal friends will write or send their 
contributions at an early date, and the 
legal papers in the case will be forwarded 
tO' them at once. 

Any one wishing to make a bequest 
to the National Christian Association, or 
to write a codicil to a will, should use the 
legal, corporate name of the same, and 
designate its exact location: The Na- 
tional Christian Association, incorporat- 
ed, 221 West Madison street, Chicago, 
111. ^ 



THE N. C. A. FUNDS. 



The General Fund is that "from which 
the running expenses of the Association 
are paid. From it the agents on the field 
are supported. Donations to this fund 
are solicited. 

The Foreign Fund is that from which 
the foreign demand for literature against 
the lodge is supplied to missionaries. 
Donations are solicited to this fund. 

The Free Tract Fund clearly states by 
its name the object for which your con- 
tributions are solicited. Hundreds of 
thousands of pages have been distrib- 
uted by means of this fund. 

The Cynosure Ministers' Fund. The 
donations to this fund have enabled the 
Association to send many copies of the 
Cvnosure to the ministers of the South, 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



185 



especially to pastors of colored churches. 
The result has been a blessing to persons, 
churches, associations and States. Do- 
nations to this fund are needed. 



PRESIDENT'S LETTER. 



Dear Friends : — It is a true saying that 
*'The selfishness of man completes what 
the fear of God begins." In interpreting 
the passage : ''AH things work together 
for good to them that love God," one is 
compelled to think that efforts to injure 
and overthrow righteousness must in the 
end advance it. The universe is con- 
structed on the basis of truth. False- 
hood and error are foreigners here and 
though very powerful are doomed to de- 
cay and die. 

Some one has said that he reads the^ 
Bible to find out what God is going to 
do and then reads the papers to see how 
far along he has gotten with the work. 
Rightly viewed all events are but parts of 
the great drama which God is carrying 
forward and which is to end in the com- 
plete subjugation of the world to Jesus 
Christ. On his head will be the many 
crowns which John saw: Every knee 
will bow and every tongue confess to 
God. 

These thoughts were awakened in my 
mind by observing that Public Printer 
Palmer was requiring the employes in 
the Government Printing Office to take 
the oath of allegiance to the United 
States. This is most unusual as the loy- 
alty of ordinary men is assumed and to 
cause printers to swear that they will be 
true to the government as a condition of 
securing labor at government business 
has never so far as I have heard been 
done before. 

The occasion for this action was tli- 
fact that these employes were members 
oj. a secret society which caused them to 
take an oath similar to that taken by the 
Freemasons and members of other se- 



cret societies. It provided that members 
of the Typographical Union should obey 
their oath to that order any civil or ec- 
clesiastical relation to the contrary not- 
withstanding. This obligation becoming 
public the Public Printer required those 
who had taken it to swear allegiance to 
the United States. 

It is now nearly thirty years since we 
of the National Christian Association be- 
gan to teach that a man could not be a 
loyal citizen of the United States and a 
consistent member of such an order as 
the Masonic at the same time. Some of 
our friends have perhaps thought "this 
extreme ground but it is perfectly evident 
to all who will thoughtfully study the 
lodge obligations : 

'T further promise and swear that I 
will stand to and abide by all the rules 
and regulations of the Master Mason's 
degree, and of the lodge of which I shall 
be a member, as far as the same shall 
come to my knowledge, and that I will 
ever maintain and support the constitu- 
tion, laws and edicts of the Grand Lodge 
under which the same shall be held." 
''Further that I will answer and obey all 
due signs and summons sent to me from 
a Master Mason's lodge or given me by 
a brother of this degree." * * '■' 

This is the model after which all lodge 
oaths of obedience are constructed. The 
oath of the Typographical Union is sub- 
stantially the same as this. It is true 
that it suggests the possibility of con- 
flict between the oath of the order and 
other obligations while ^^lasonry simply 
swears men to obey its own laws and 
lets it go at that, but all men kuow that 
the lodge oath may at any time conflict 
with the civil duty and all students of the 
subject know that it has done so. 

Thus a secret society oath is an in- 
cipient treason. The lodge man may at 
any time be called upon to decide whether 
he will be a good citizen or a true secret 



180 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1903. 



society man. When that time comes it 
is very pleasant to know that many who 
have united with the lodge in ignorance 
of its real character openly or silently 
abandon it and maintain their standing 
as good citizens, they will not perjure 
themselves to stand by the lodge. They 
will not commit crimes or protect crimi- 
nals but in order to be good citizens they 
are compelled to turn their backs upon 
the lodge. 

Some years ago in the secret service 
division of the United States Treasury 
at Washington I asked the chief of the 
secret service if he was a Mason. He 
replied that he had been but that when 
he entered the United States service he 
told his lodge that he ' must be excused 
from his obligations so long as he wa? 
-engaged in the business of hunting down 
criminals. 

It is obvious that a vast network of 
orders imposing such obligations as are 
under consideration cannot exist with- 
out imperilling the very foundations of 
civil authority. Those foundations are 
already imperilled. Men are being mur- 
vdered by large numbers of persons who 
are said to be ''respectable citizens." 
Why? Because these ''respectable citi- 
zens" have learned, many of them, to be 
traitors to the government under which 
they live in the secret orders to which 
they belong. 

In the end it will appear that society 
must be organized on the basis of truth 
just as God's universe is. Lodgism be- 
ing essential treason cannot permanently 
•exist in a free nation. The nation or the 
lodge must die. The history of the past 
gives us reason to hope and believe that 
the lodge which is a satanic institution 
will perish while the nation which is a 
•divine institution will survive. 

Of course the Public Printer does not 
see, or probably does not see, that his 
action is a condemnation of all secret so- 



cieties. He is dealing with the lodge 
which is making the disturbance now. 
But others can see the logical effect o'f 
his action and the God who loves 
righteousness and hates iniquity sees and 
is turning and overturning and will so do 
until every evil thing is destroyed. 

It is a proper time for our people every- 
w^here to seek to impress these truths 
upon the minds of men. Those who are 
joined to their idols will not give atten- 
tion but there are many thousands of 
honest men and women who have united 
with lodges in ignorance of their real 
character. These men and women can 
be brought out, and there are millions of 
men who will unite with these traitrous, 
soul destroying orders if not warned, 
who if warned will keep out. We are 
called to labor for these two classes of 
men. 

In Christian love, ever yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 



NOME, ALASKA. 



National Christian Association : 

Gentlemen — The sample tracts you so 
kindly sent arrived all right. I thank 
you very much for your kindness. 

I like them very much and will be 
glad to distribute any number you may 
see fit to send. They are certainly need- 
ed in our days. Yours sincerely, 

P. A. Karnell. 



SPOKANE, WASH. 



Dear Sir— I am engaged in mission 
work here in the city of Spokane. A 
great secret society place. Wish I was 
able to purchase many tracts in this 
important subject, and give them away. 
Am doing what I can to enlighten men 
and keep boys out of these unhallowed 
associations. 

Rev. Geo. F. Pauschert. 



There is no life so rent and broken 
but Christ can unite the severed parts in 
his own tender compassion. 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



187 



At the meeting of the Board of Di- 
rectors held since the issue of the Sep- 
tember Christian Cynosure several im- 
portant matters of routine business were 
attended to, as well as some of special 
public interest. Of the latter was the 
step taken to reach all the students and 
the professors in the theological schools 
in and about Chicago — the greatest cen- 
ter of theological schools in the world. 
Considerable has been done in past years. 
A more thorough canvass is hoped will 
result during the present year, under the 
special committee appointed by the 
Board, making Mr. J. M. Hitchcock 
chairman. The Board was pleased to 
confirm the action of the General Sec- 
retary in the matter of the employment 
of Rev. M. E. Remmele and Rev. Dr. 
Dillon. We regret to have to report that 
Dr. Dillon finds it impossible for him 
to fitlfill his engagement with the Asso- 
ciation for the month of October. 

Another item of interest considered 
by the Boa^rd was a German edition of 
**Modern Secret Societies." The mat- 
ter was finally referred to the Publish- 
ing Committee. Such an edition will un- 
doubtedly be published in the near future, 
either by the National Christian Associa- 
tion or by some German publishing house. 
A new edition in English will soon have 
to be published, judging from the rate 
at which the second edition is selling. 

The Board was pleased at the results of 
President Blanchard's visit to Northfield. 
The synopsis of his address in this num- 
ber will well repay a careful reading. 
The financial question is an ever-present 
'one with the Board of Directors. How 
can they secure from the readers of the 
Cynosure contributions to meet the needs 
of the field and the demand for free liter- 
ature. As the tryrannical exactions of 
the industrial unions and other oath-re- 
quiring organizations multiply, there 
comes an increasing demand for litera- 
ture shedding light upon the present con- 
dition. Pastors, teachers and others in 
responsible positions begin to realize in 
some degree the truths which the Cyno- 
sure has for years sought to inculcate. 



SECRETARY STODDARD IN NEW YORK. 



Faithfulness is the plummet with 
which indulgent heaven sounds the fath- 
oms of service. 



The Work in Michivian and Kew York State 

Schuyler Lake, Otsego Co., N. .Y., 
Aug. 1 6, 1903. — Dear Cynosure — ''To 
be or not to be'' a Maccabee, is the 
question many are now deciding. Not 
alone in Michigan, where the invention 
started, but here in Schuyler Lake and 
elsewhere, "Hives" of these so-called 
"Bees" are swarming. It is sad to realize 
that Barnum was right in his declara- 
tion, "The American people like to be 
humbugged, and I will humbug them 
while they pay for it." 

A big hurrah for these Bees was given 
at headquarters in Port Huron, Mich., 
September 2nd. "Old Pap Boynton, the 
daddy of the order," as he is familiarly 
called, was in the lead. Large bills that 
read, "Hello, Mary," and then gave the 
picture of a woman in red dress, were 
posted in railroad ■ stations, etc. They 
announced that there would be a big 
dance, and generally conveyed the idea 
that there was to be a devil of a time. 
I believe it was announced "A hot time." 
Of course, every low, licentious man 
that wanted to dance with the red- 
dressed Mary would be expected to at- 
tend ; but ministers and church mem- 
bers were pointed out who were con- 
nected with this thing. Oh, how sad! 

At Sebewaing, Mich., on the eve of 
August 25th, I spoke to an audience of 
about four hundred, who gathered in the 
Missouri Synod German Lutheran 
church. I was told there were many 
Maccabees present and I took occasion 
to call attention to this immoral adver- 
tisement, and made such comment as I 
felt sure would at least set thinking 
those who wished to be followers of 
Christ. The friends here received me 
very kindly, and contributed to my sup- 
port. 

A meeting near this, of the Michigan 
Synod Lutherans, gave opportunity for 
effective work. I found these pastors 
much opposed to secret societies. I oc- 
cupied the half-hour voted me in ex- 
plaining "the ways that are dark and 
tricks that are vain." Several expressed 
the desire to know more, and subscribed 
for the Christian Cynosure. 

At Flint, Mich., I spoke in the Free 



188 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Octoi&er, 1903. 



Methodist church to a small company of 
interested listeners. Brother Wm. H. 
Bunce, of this place, is a seceded Macca- 
bee. I asked him to read the exposition 
of that order given in the August num- 
ber of the Christian Cynosure, and see 
how it compared with his initiation. 
Upon reading he pronounced it substan- 
tially the same. The vile questions were 
asked him. He was conducted on the 
"warfare." He was not ''taken and shov- 
ed between two panels" as in the Har- 
rison Valley case, but the abominable 
folly of his initiation was evidently 
enough. I trust he will write of his ex- 
perience for our readers. Another 
seceder from a lodge in this place was 
among those subscribing for the Chris- 
tian Cynosure. I felt good seed was 
sown during my brief stay, and hope to 
respond to the urgent invitation to re- 
turn for future work. 

My home and centeY of work while in 
Michigan was at Fair Grove. Here I 
served the Covenanters, occupying the 
pulpit for two Sabbaths, in the absence 
of the pastor, Rev. T. C. Sproul. Not 
only among the Convenanters ; but in 
other churches here, I found man}' who 
believed with us that lodges were wrong 
in tendency and teaching. A good list 
of Christian Cynosure subscriptions was 
secured. 

I will not forget the pleasant evening 
spent at Saginaw. I lectured in a large, 
new Lutheran church of the Missouri 
Synod. Notwithstanding the storm, a 
goodly number were present and listen- 
ed attentively, and showed their appre- 
ciation by a good collection. 

On the train I met a drummer, who 
said his home was in Mansfield, Ohio. 
I inquired how our- good friend S. P. 
Long was getting along, *'Oh, he's 
dead," was the instant reply. ''Why, 
what's the matter?" I inquired. "That 
sermon he preached against secret so- 
cieties. No one can live in Mansfield 
and preach against secret societies ; they 
are too strong." I was of course pleased 
to get this testimony from one who had 
not the slightest idea who I was or what 
I knew of secret societies. That he was 
a secret society man goes without say- 



uig. 



I have traveled much, as usual, during 
the month past. Returning with wife, 
and daughter to our home in the capi- 
tal city, I hurried on to Boston, where 
a few days were spent in the work there^. 
in touch with my father, whom I found,, 
as expected, still pushing. On Sabbatli 
I listened to three sermons of varying, 
merit. Perliaps the most practical was 
that of Rev. Samuel McNaugher, who. 
showed the relation of the church to- 
the individual, and of the individual to^ 
the church. No organization of men, he 
said, was equal to the church. The 
lodges were arraigned. The organiza- 
tion of either capital or labor without 
the principles of Christianity were to be 
deplored, as such organizations could', 
only end in disaster. 

The boat and iron horse hurried me 
to New York, up the ever grand Hud- 
son, on past Albany and Utica, among 
the same old rugged hills of Otsego^ 
county where I began my labors some 
thirteen years ago. The flying electric 
car carries one to the lake instead of 
the slow-moving stage-coach of other 
years. Satan's kingdom is still repre- 
sented here in the Masonic, Maccabee 
and other lodges. The Universalist is 
the largest church. The Methodist and 
Baptist are still struggling for existence, 
much the same as to members as when 
I first came. Both have beginners as 
pastors. The Baptist man, not knowing 
the feeling of his members, invited me tO' 
preach, but, learning that the lodges 
controlled the churches, he hastened to 
apologize for the hasty invitation, which; 
he felt compelled to withdraw. 

This morning I read, chiseled on a 
monument, splendidly located in the 
cemetery here, "Byron Tunnicliff, died 
April 8th, 1899." It is to this man that 
the people of this section are indebted 
for the light that has here been shed on 
the lodge system. As elsewhere, some 
rejoice in the light, but still a larger 
number seem to prefer "darkness rather 
than light." 

Our good friend .Lucius Woodruff 
writes from Bingham.ton, N. Y., that I 
am announced to speak three times in. 
his city on Sabbath,. September 20th. 

Sliall we have the convention in Wis^ 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



i-^h gatonr 



consin next month ? Will the Cynosure 
announce the place and give the call? 
Let us forward march. 

W. B. Stoddard. 



GOSPEL OF A "HISTORICAL CHRIST. 



74 South Robert street, 
St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 14, 1903. 
Dear Brother Phillips : 

In answer to your question : "What do 
you mean by 'gospel' there?" I mean 
the gospel preached by, it may be ''Satan's 
ministers transforming themselves as 
ministers of righteousness." Spoken of 
in 2 Cor. 11 :i3-i5. 

They do preach Christ, and they preach 
love, but to one who knows their works 
in the lodge, their Christ is a false Christ 
— "a historic Christ.'" A Freemason, 
who is a presiding elder of the M. E. 
church, says that "Masonic Jews will be 
saved because they believe in a "historic 
Christ." By a "historic Christ," if you 
ask what he means, I would answer, very 
likely, he means a resurrected "hiram," 
whom every Mason personifies. 

They preach "love," but it is not the 
love that "rejoices in the truth," but it 
is a love that hates the truth and those 
who speak it. 

The truth of Christ torments Masons, 
and all other lodge demonologists, be- 
fore their time. So we may be sure that 
the gospel they preach is a false gospel 
in them that preach it. Very truly yours, 

W^illiam Fenton. 



Cleona, Pa., Sept. 9, 1903. 
Editor Christian Cvnosure : 

A few months ago I was called to a 
place some six miles from my home, 
called Mt. Nebo, a small country town, 
having two churches and a recently or- 
ganized P. O. S. of A. Lodge. 

I had been asked to deliver a sermon 
on the Secret Lodge. I found the church 
filled with attentive listeners. I told 
them that the followers of Jesus Christ 
are led by the Holy Spirit, and as such 
they would not fellowship with unbeliev- 
ers in the unfruitful works of darkness, 
and that it was incumbent upon all God's 
children to keep free from lodge affilia- 
tion, because it would be detrimental to 



their spiritual life. I related a story about 
the little boy and his pet calf. I lik- 
ened it to the church hitched to the lodge. 
The little boy had confidence in his ixit 
calf; he thought the calf would be use- 
ful if it were broken in to work ; but 
he did not know how to go about it. 
At last a happy thought struck him. 
Having confidence in the gentleness of 
the calf, he thought he would hitch him- 
self to the calf. Everything w"as well 
until the boy was hitched. Now, the na- 
ture of the calf is to run and kick. To 
the dismay of the little boy, the pet calf 
for once asserted its nature, and ran 
away, kicking and baa-ing, through the 
hedges and stones and mud holes, mi- 
til the little boy was utterly exhaust- 
ed. Imagine the condition of the lit- 
tle boy at the end of his experience. I 
venture to say that every church mem- 
ber who hitches himself to the lodge calf 
will find the little boy's experience true. 

The story had a very telling effect upon 
the congregation. Jesus Christ says, "He 
that is not with Me is against Me ; and 
he that gathereth not with Me scattereth 
abroad." 

In the next letter I will give a seced- 
er's testimony which made a stir among 
the lodge members that were present. I 
am told that the people are aroused, and 
awakened to the evils of the lodge sys- 
tem. The lodge men are indignant, be- 
cause the meeting was an eye-opener to 
the people. When people are enlightened 
on the evils of the secret lodge, they are 
not so easily duped by the advocates of 
the lodge. 

Wishing you God's blessing in your 
work for reform and Christ's kingdom, 
I am, Yours in love, C. F. Kreider. 



AN EXOTIC. 



There are 415 Masonic lodges in Ger- 
many, with a membership of 45,669. 
There are eight grand and five inde- 
pendent lodges. 
— Masonic Chronicle. 

Yet Freemasonry is imported from 
England, where it began, and is only 
by adoption German. 



Blessed is the man who can wear his 
clouds bright side out. 



190 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October. 1903. 



torn #iir t^cbatipa* 



PARKS JURYMEN SPEAK OUT. 



More than One Way to Free Mtisouic and 
Labor Union Criminals. 

If there are any madder men in town 
than at least ten men of the twelve jury- 
men in the Parks case, it would be hard 
to find them. These men went into the 
case without any definitely formed opin- 
ion of Parks, as Parks' counsel, who 
were nothing if not suspicious, were per- 
fectly satisfied. The action of Justice 
Sewell in granting a certificate of rea- 
sonable doubt to Parks, and thereby 
letting him out of Sing Sing Prison 
on $10,000 bail, is taken by the jury as 
a direct reflection on its good sense and 
integrity. 

* * * 

'Then we got after the fellow (nam- 
ing him). We found that he hadn't heard 
more than half the Recorder's charge. 
As a matter of fact, he had been asleep 
one-third of the time during the trial, 
and we all knew it. We told him so, and 
told him that the Recorder had ruled on 
the points he was standing out on. 

" T didn't hear him,' says he. 

" 'You were asleep,' we said to him. 

" 'Maybe so,' says he, 'but, neverthe- 
less, I didn't hear Judge Goff say that !' 



* 



yf. 



''This one man who hung out for 'Not 
guilty,' said, after awhile : 'I have par- 
ticular reason, gentlemen, for believing 
that this man Parks is truthful and 
worthy of belief.' 

"That started several of us to think- 
ing. Then one man asks this fellow : 
'Are you a Mason?' He says that he 
is and as much as admits that this is his 
ground for believing that Parks couldn't 
tell a lie under oath. The fellow who 
had asked the question rises right up 
in his chair then and says : 

" 'Now, here! Pm a Mason and just 
as good a one as you are. But if we 
iiad a man in our lodge shown to be 
what this man Parks has been proved 
to us to be, we'd kick him into the street. 
If Masonry means the protection of 
scoundrels like Parks, then Masonry is 



a damned fraud. If you are any kind 
of a Mason you are for throwing such, 
creatures out. Are there any more Ma- 
sons here?' 

"Eight of us spoke up, and every one- 
said that the first man was right and. 
that if Parks were guilty Masonry ought 
to be a menace to him and not a protec- 
tion. That settled it. The twelfth man 
guessed we were right and then he voted 
that we were right and we went out into-^ 
the courtroom." 



i)' 



'!< 



^ 



It was retailed yesterday that on the 
day of the Parks trial a lawyer from a 
prominent firm appeared in the corri- 
dors of the Criminal Courts building 
and said that he had been sent to look 
out for Parks' interests by the Masonic 
lodge to which Parks belonged. The- 
lawyer said that Senator Depew belong- 
ed to the same lodge. 
— New York Sun, Sept. 3. 



LABOR UNIONS AND GOVERNMENT 
WORK. 



During the past few weeks a syste- 
matic investigation has been carried on- 
in the various departments of the gov- 
ernment service to see to what extent un- 
ionism was dominating the government 
works. This investigation was ordered 
by the President in the interests of jus- 
tice, as between union men and non- 
union men in government employ. Thein- 
A^estigation so far has developed the fact 
that a condition of affairs exists in many 
of the departments which is directly con- 
trary to the rule laid down by the an- 
thracite strike commission and endorsed' 
by the President, to the effect that no 
working man shall be discriminated 
against because of membership or non- 
membership in a labor union. These in- 
vestigations have developed the other 
fact that attempts had been made to co- 
erce commandants into rejecting certain 
materials furnished by contractors whose 
men had worked more than eight hours 
a day. Efifort had also been made by 
labor leaders to influence men doing piece 
work to the advantage of the labor un- 
ions. Commissaries in charge of gov- 
ernment stores reported attempted in- 
terference by labor leaders, both in the 



October, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



191 



employment of men and the purchase of 
suppHes. In the navy yards attempts had 
been made to replace non-union men by 
union men. The latter would complain 
of the quality or quantity of work done 
by non-union men, and if they succeeded 
in obtaining the discharge of the non- 
union men, they would try to have their 
places filled by union men. Already an 
order has gone forth prohibiting any dis- 
crimination in the employment of work- 
ing men. No advantage whatever is to 
be given to labor unions in government 
work. This rule will be as distasteful to 
the unions as the use of the militia in 
quelling their disturbances. — Selected. 



ROMAN CATHOLIC PAGAN RELIGION. 



pope I^eo XIII, Dies JL.ike an Idolater. 

The hope of an entrance to heaven 
entertained by Pope Leo XIII., accord- 
ing to his own confession of faith, was 
based on the ''queen of earth and sky." 
Here is the way he put it in 1897: 
"May I behold tliee, qneen of earth and sky, 
Whose love enchained the demons lurking 

nigh 
The path to heaven; and freely shall I own 
'Twas thy sweet care that gained my bliss- 
ful crown." 

In this expression there is no faith in 
Christ. ''The queen of earth and sky" 
doubtless refers to the Virgin Mary ; 
yet it might, without other specifica- 
tion, refer to the moon, as worshipers 
of the heavenly bodies and some poeti- 
cal commemorators of mythology have 
been wont to style that satellite the 
"queen of heaven." However, it mat- 
ters not to which idol the pontiff re- 
ferred, as they are alike impotent as 
helps in "the path to heaven." 

Voice from His Death Ked. 

Passing by other things, what voice 
comes from his deathbed? He retained 
his faculties and his clear mental vision 
to the last. For days he was fully con- 
scious that the time of his departure 
was at hand. Surely, then, his words 
and actions during his last illness will 
show the ground of the hope that was 
in him. In regard to this, Rev. Alex- 
ander Robertson, D.D., of Venice, Italy, 
who studies Romanism thoroughly at 
short range, gives some significant facts 
in the last Bulwark. 



He says that during the Pope's last 
illness the Italian daily newspapers were 
full of what he said to all who came in 
contact with him — his household, 
nephews, doctors, and cardinals. But 
he is never reported as having Christ's 
name on his lips, or as uttering any 
words of Christ, or as concerned about 
Christ in any way. He quoted classic 
writers, as Horace and Virgil, but never 
the Bible ; he had the newspapers read 
to him, but never the Bible, so far as 
the newspapers tell us. 

ITe is reported to have said at differ- 
ent times : 'T feel that my end is near. I 
do not know if I have done well or ill, 
or how I shall be judged. In any case, 
I have acted conscientiously; therefore 
I die tranquilly." Dr. Robertson cor- 
rectly says : "All claim to infallibility is 
here renounced — all claim to be 
a Christian, a sinner saved by grace — 
ail claim to have acted in Christ's name 
and for Christ." During his illness the 
Pontiff kept at his bedside an image of 
the "Madonna del Carmine," and an- 
other image of her around his neck, 
and he is reported to have said, "I am 
most devoted to that Madonna, and you 
will see that she will call me on the first 
day of her Novena." This Madonna del 
Carmine is the goddess of the oracle of 
the incantation, and it is in this pagan 
goddess that the Pope put his trust, and 
to whom he prayed by the half-hour. It 
was she that held his soul in life, and 
could call him ta herself when she would. 
It was not Christ to whom he was go- 
ing ; it was to this goddess. He did not 
speak of going to be with Christ, but 
of going to be with her. 

Again, the means used by the 
churches throughout Italy- for the re- 
covery of the Pope were not prayers to- 
the God of life. Madonnas were brought 
out and dressed up and set on the altars 
for worship. Before these the people 
bowed the knee and worshiped, and 
to them made their prayers. In the 
same way the relics of saints were ex- 
hilvltcd — "rare relics" — bones and finger 
nails, hair and teeth, boots and shoes, 
skull-caps, handkerchiefs and stockings. 
The skull cap and miraculous mitre of 
Saint Janarius were kept in the Pope's. 



192 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



October, 1903. 



bedroom. Is this Christian? The Pope 
claims to be the "Vicar of Christ," yet 
asserts his trust in the goddess of in- 
cantations. The Roman Church is called 
a Christian Church, but its rites and 
•ceremonies, idols and relics, shows it 
to be a continuation of pagan idolatry. 
—Associate Presbyterian Magazine. 



George Washington Jones, "ten years old, 
little, black, sensitive," finds himself one 
Christmas morning absolutely without fam- 
ily or kindred, and almost without a friend. 
In his loneliness, the little boy recalls the 
story of his grandfather, now dead, who in 
the days "befo' the wah" had been given as 
a Christmas gift to the "loveliest mistress in 
all the world," and of this recollection is 
born a determination to give himself away 
to some young lady who would make him 
her page, for then he would "f'm dat time 
for'rd jist live right along with the qual- 
ity." 

You may make his acquaintance in the 
pages of Ruth McEnery Stuart's latest book: 
"GEORGE WASHINGTON JONES:" 

A Christmas Gift that went a-begging; 
which is one of the best and prettiest stories 
•ever writteu. 



THE -.^ 

CHRISTIAN 
CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 

Is a beneficiary society with three main 
objects in view: ist. A beneficiary soci- 
ety intended for Christians only. 2d. 
Ultimately to provide homes for those 
of its members who need them, thus 
forming a community peculiar to itself, 
to be free from the saloon, the gambling 
den, the dance hall, and where the secret 
lodge will be unnecessary, and 3d, the 
formation of a more complete church 
system than we now have. For Consti- 
tution, etc., send 2 ct. stamp to Dr. D. 
M. Gillespie, Pres., R. F. D. No. 5, Clay 
Center, Kan. 



"He has just recently been elected 
High Muck-a-Muck of the Ancient 
Knights of Pink-Pank." "Has he been 
installed in office yet?" "I guess you 
might say he's 'installed' sure enough. 
He's buying his regalia on the instal- 
ment plan." — Philadelphia Press. 



*'Who knows a saving truth he will not 

tell, 
Permits some soul to take the path to 

hell."— E. B. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blanchard, D. D., Pres. Wheaton College. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOK 

An important subject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
Is kindly in tone, is dirided into 
short, interesting chapters, and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the question, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Cheistian Endeavor 
Would calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK." 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as: "What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " •' The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents ; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 

221 W. Madison St., 
Chicago, Ills. 



■|[^^9 




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1 


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w 


Wf'i 


a^. ^S^'l 




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Bt^~ JM 




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1^1 





of 




ILLUSTRATED. 



The Complete Revised Official Ritual 
of tlie Beneficiary and Fraternal De- 
grees, Including tlie Unwritten or 
Secret Work, and tlie Installation 
and Funeral Ceremonies, -witb. tlie 
Odes and Hymns of ttie Order. 

Sent Postpaid. ±br SS Oents. 

A. O. U. W. 



POSTPAID, 10 CENTS. 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 

Mioiial CMstM issocMoo. 

221 W. Madison St., Chicago, lU. 





''Jesus ansffered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, NOVEMBER, 1903. 



NUMBER 7. 



THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSIRE 

OFPICIAI. ORGAN OK THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



The absence from the city of Secretary 
and Editor Phillips may in some measure 
account for irregularities in this issue of 
the Cvnoisure. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicag-o 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicag-o, 111., as second- 
class matter. 



Oiu* Indiana State Convention will be 
held at Elkhart on Monday and Tues- 
day, November 9 and 10. The reader 
should mark these dates in his calendar 
and be present. 



Our Illinois agent, Rev. R. W. Ches- 
nut, of Marissa, 111., writes that he ex- 
pects to lecture on "Ancient and Mod- 
ern Paganism," in the Old Bethel 
Church near Houston, on the first Sab- 
bath in November. 

It is to be hoped that events may so 
shape themselves that Bro'ther Chesnut 
mav devote all his time, to the interests 
of the N. C. A. 



Rev. H. H. Hinman, of Oberlin, Ohio, 
recently had a fall from which he re- 
ceived serious injuries. It is feared sev- 
eral bones were broken. His advanced 
years add to the gravity of the accident. 



Father Porter has found a comfortable 
liome with Mrs. Kellogg, at Wheaton, 
111. 



The press has been held a few days 
for the purpose of reporting the proceed- 
ings of our Iowa State Convention, held 
at Washington, Iowa, Ootober 26 and 2^. 
Sec report. 



Elsewhere in this number may be found 
lodge testimonials, which Horace Greeley 
would call ''interesting reading." 



Mrs. D. L. Moody, the widowed wife^ 
of the great evangelist, completed her 
earthly pilgrimage on Saturday evening,. 
October 10, at Northfield, Mass. The 
character of this queenly woman is most 
fittingly described in Proverbs xxxi chap- 
ter, from the loth verse to the close of the 
book. The world little knows how much 
Mrs. Moody had to do in the development 
of her husband. 



It is the purpose of this Association,, 
within the next sixty days, through lec- 
tures or printed literature, to bring to- 
the consideration O'f every professor and' 
student in our Chicago theological sem- 
inaries the subject of secret societies. 



But for the extreme modesty of the 
officers of this Association the edilor 
would long since have presented to Cyno- 
sure readers half-tone pictures of each. 



Since the last issue of the Cynosure 
one of our directors conversed with a 
Congregational pastor, in presence of his 
ministerial Baptist brother. Both were 
Masons, and each defended the organiza- 
tion and justified his joining the frater- 
nity. Later the director met the Baptist 
pastor by himself, when he confessed 
that he had made a great mistake in cast- 
ing his lot with an ungodly people. 



194 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November. 1903. 



The attention of our readers is caMed 
to the story, 'The King's Champion," 
by Miss Susan FideHte Hinman, the first 
chapter of which is found in this issue. 
The story will continue through each suc- 
ceeding issue until completed. Miss Hin- 
man is ithe gifted daughter of Rev. H. H. 
Hinman, for many years the uncomprom- 
ising champion of aniti-secrecy. The 
author is a facile, rich, racy, erudite 
writer, and her story, when finished, will 
he in entire consonance with the objects 
and purposes of this publication. 

President Blanchard's monthly letters 
are highly appreciated by our readers. 

This association is an arsenal contain- 
ing the most effective ordnance for com- 
bating the encroachment of secret or- 
ganizations. Pastors and other religious 
workers are requested to send for our 
free catalogues. 



Not every Mason is a very bad man — 
conversely, there are too many bad men 
who are Masons. 



Any community desiring truth upon 
the subject of oath-bound secrecy can 
procure it at sm.all expense through our 
publications, pr through able lecturers 
whom we shall be glad to recommend. 



in the presence of one oi our directors, 
at a recent prayer meeting in Elkhart, 
Ind., a widowed mother testified that 
the secret fraternities had been no help 
to her in rearing her family. She said 
members of the organization to which 
her husband belonged had sought to 
ridicule and dissipate the religious mih- 
isteries to her husband in his last ill- 
ness, and that the temporal aid she had 
received was not a compensation for the 
evils inflicted. 



Mr. John Morison, one of our direc- 
tors, has been for many years a staunch 
official member of Chicago Avenue 
(Moody's) church. Few men are more 
familiar with the simple gospel of Jesus 
Christ, or more persistent in teaching it, 
than he. He has no sympathy with a 
religion whose Alpha and Omega is not 
Christ. Pie has no confidence in a man- 



made atonement for sin, without the 
shedding of blood. It is for this reason ^ 
that he is opposed to the whole brood ' 
of societies that propose saving men in 
some other way than by the cross. Mr. 
Morison is doing a noble work with 
young men in his church. 



The Chicago Press called attention to 
the fact that Attorney Deneen, of this 
city, seemed to be securing the exclusion 
of every Mason from the jury in the 
trial oif the ''Masonic Temple" officers. 
Why did he weed out the Masons ? Sev- 
eral of these Masonic officials were found 
guilty and sentenced, but were never 
punished! Wonder why? 



A NEW ORGAN. 



The newest venture into Masonic jour- 
nalism is made by A. H. S. Perkins at 
Los Angeles/Cal., in the Western Mason. 
It is a curious question in psychology, 
what makes a man willing to devote any 
part of a short lifetime to such work as is 
put into the ordinary secret organ. Of 
course men can do drudgery for pay, pro- 
vided the drudgery itself results in some- 
thing useful ; but of what value is secret 
journalism, and what interest is there in 
it for men of brains ? 



WOODMEN OPEN CHICAGO CAMP. 



The first camp of the Modern Wood- 
men of America in any city of over 
250,000 population was installed at Lin- 
coln Hall, Belmont and Lincoln aven- 
ues. William Jennings Bryan, Governor 
Richard Yates and Senator Mason, all 
members of the order, sent congratula- 
tions. 



"He that walketh with wise men is 
wise." 
—A Masonic Organ. 

True ; but why not quote accurately 
and fully? "He that walketh with wise 
men shall be wise, but a companion of 
fools shall be destroyed." That might 
be a good text to remember when en- , 
ticed to enter the companionship of a l 
lodge. 



¥ 



November. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



195 



MOST POWERFUL. 



A special dispatch to the Boston Her- 
al^ Aug. 3, spoke of Gen. Nelson A. 
Miles as possible commander-in-chief of 
the G. A. R. society. The following sig- 
nificant paragraph suggests questions 
concerning the possible official and politi- 
cal character of prominent men alluded 
to and the possible reason why the society 
might desire a leader powerful through 
his influence with them : 

"Upon retirement from the army General 
Miles will have at his command plenty of 
time, his Maryland friends assert, to attend 
to the duties of commander-in-chief. They 
also allege that he has great influence with 
prominent men throughout the country, 
which would make him probably the most 
powerful commander the encampment could 
.select." 



A MOSAIC, 



Extracts taken here and there from 
the new book on Modern Secret Socie- 
ties, make, when arranged together, an 
article on the study of secret orders. 
• We collate the following: 

"The need for the discussion arises 
from the fact that secret societies are 
absorbing the time, thought, money and 
spiritual life of so many thousands of 
men. It is not possible that men should 
meet statedly, year after year, in lodges 
of all kinds, going through ceremonies 
•and assuming obligations, without being 
improved or damaged. 

*Tt is also evident that the individual, 
social, political and religious influence of 
these orders is very great. Men do not 
gather, year after year, in large num- 
bers, at vast expense, without being af- 
fected for goqd or evil. 

"It is important for those who are 
opposed to lodgism to know how abund- 
ant are the sources of information and 
how thoroughly an intelligent man who 
desires to understand the secret society 
system may do so if he will only use the 
means which lie ready to his hand'. 
* * * Any person who wishes may 
become thoroughly informed as to lodg- 
ism without ever entering a lodge. 

"It is needful to pay particular atten- 
tion to Masonrv. It uses the little 



lodges. It organizes them. It puts into 
them the essential evil of its own con- 
stitution. One who becomes heartily 
a member of the smaller will go on to 
the greater. 

"The differences between lodges are 
incidental while the resemblances are es- 
sential. 

"The Masonic order is, next to the 
Jesuit, the oldest of modern secret so- 
cieties. The Society of Jesus was form- 
ed by Ignatius Loyola about 1540, and 
was the mightiest agent used by the 
Church of Rome in checking the prog- 
ress of the Protestant Reformation. 
* * '•" Freemasonry, next oldest of 
modern lodges, was organized in Lon- 
don in 1 7 17 and will soon be two hun- 
dred years old. 

"Though Freemasonry has slowly 
crept back to power, it is still suspected, 
and condemned by a large proportion 
of our citizens. ^ ^ ^ i^ i^^g f^^j. 

lowed that Freemasons have organized 
and controlled the swarm of little lodges 
which are born and die like the flies of 
a summer time. These inferior lodges 
are baited with various pretenses to at- 
tract those who are indifferent or hostile 
to lodgism. 

"It is entirely safe to say that all who 
have availed themselves of means of 
knowledge are far better acquainted 
with any lodge than are the majority of 
its members. Lodgemen usually con- 
tent themselves with learning the grips, 
passwords and lectures of their own or- 
ders ; many of them do not. even so much 
as that. One who studies from the out- 
side knows all that they do and much 
besides. 

"No man is required to go through 
the weary and disgusting round of initia- 
tion in order to understand the real 
character and tendency of secret or- 
ders.*' 



The security of a nation lies in the in- 
tegrity of the citizens. Only as the peo- 
ple rise in intelligence and virtue and love 
of equity will the nation rise in power. 



"God cannot be less than a Person; 
what more He is we must gradually and 
adoringly discover." 



196 



GHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 




THE LODGE A SPIRITUAL COUNTER- 
FEIT. 



'Thou shall have no other gods before 
me." — Gen. 2 :3. 

Satan is a counterfeiter. He schemes 
not so much to deny God as to substi- 
tute a false God in the place of the true 
one. We see this in his earliest attempts 
with the human race. God was acknowl- 
edged in the temptation of our first pa- 
rents, but a false character was sought 
to be imposed upon Him. And so it 
ha,s been ever since. The whole sys- 
tem of paganism, of Which Satan is the 
auithor, was and is a vast counterfeit. So 
near is it in certain features to the re- 
ligion O'f the Bible, that even the ''ad- 
vanced scholarship" of the nineteenth 
century supposes it to have the same 
root, or tO' be even the parent of Chris- 
tianity. When Moses stood before Pha- 
raoh m the name of Jehovah, the emis- 
saries of Satan were there also, tO' re- 
sist him with counterfeit performances. 
When Jesus came into the world to seek 
and to save the lost, Satan came also 
with H;m and succeeded so well in coun- 
terfeiting His marvelous work, that they 
who should have been the judges were 
unable to discriminate against him, and 
attributed the power of the Holy Spu'it 
to Beelzebub. For more than 1,200 
years Satan has had a counterfeit church 
on the earth,, and it is only a discern- 
ing few who are able even yet to dis- 
tinguish the features of the harlot from 
those of the Holy Bride. Spiritualism, 
with its doctrines of devils, its temples 
and oracles and mysterious phenomena ; 
rationalism, with its deification of human 
powers and its substitution of the intel- 
lectual for spiritual life ; Romanism, with 
its invocation of saints, its worship of 
relics, its altars and auguries, its pen- 
ance and purgatory, its priest-craft and 
traditions ; — all these are so many coun- 
terfeit religions, which the prince oif 
darkness causes to pass current in the 
world for pure coin. 

If objection be taken to the classifi- 
cation of the lodge-system in this cate- 
gory, let it be said that Vv^e make a due 



discrimination. We note the benevolent 
features of the system, the morality of its 
teachings and the exalted character of 
a portion of its membership. Without 
these things, indeed, it could have no 
standing as a counterfeit. They are nec- 
essary conditions to its currency, and 
the arch-counterfeiter is too expert to 
neglect them. But, at the same time, 
the lodge-system traces its origin, in 
Freemasonry at least, to a heathen 
source. It has the same rules, symbols 
and rites as the ancient mysteries of 
paganism. It worships not the God of 
the Scriptures, but an "ideal" of its own 
conceit. It has its baptism and its new 
birth, its prayers and ceremonies, its 
penalties and rewards. Men proclaim it 
"a good en#ugh church" for them. 
Christians prefer its assemblies to the 
prayer-meeting; Its claims are prepos- 
terous, if not blasphemous, its methods 
in certain cases are deceitful, and its 
teachings heretical. Essential features 
of all other counterfeits are found in the 
lodge system, and, while this is not to 
say that it is the consummation of them 
all, yet nevertheless it is as dangerous as 
any in its tendency tO' rob men of a clear 
and satisfying hope in Christ, their only 
Savior. 

Limitation of space alone prevents the 
substantiation of these assertions : but 
they find substantiation, at least so far 
as Freemasonry (the highest type of the 
secret lodge) is concerned, in the stand- 
ard writers of that craft — such as Oliver, 
Rebold, Cunningham, Mackey, x\rnold 
and others, whose works are accessible in 
public libraries, and need only to be read 
to satisfy an enlightened, teachable 
Christian mind that the system they ex- 
pound bears the marks of the serpent,, 
and is a counterfeit of the religion of 
the Old and New Testaments. 

This paper is not written as a remedy,, 
but as a preventive. The hope is that 
it may open the eyes of some young 
Christian, and lead him to investigate 
the lodge system in a Biblical and spirit- 
ual point of view before he becomes cor- 
rupted and handicapped by its associa- 
tion. Jesus Christ said: 'Tf any man 
serve Me, him will the Father honor." 
It is difficult to serve Christ in a sys- 
tem which excludes the utterance of His 



*« "^^ 



November. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



. lOT 



111 the first place our Lord's example is 
against the whole principle. He said, 'I 
nave spoken openly to the world. fn 
secret spake I nothing.' (John 18:20.) 
And the spirit of Christianity, which is 
universal, worldwide and unselfish in its 
evangelistic and benevolent character, 
cannot be reconciled for a moment with 
the spirit of societies whose avowed aim 
is to benefit their own circle, their 'ini- 
tiates.' " 

REV. DR. HENSON, 

Pastor First Baptist Church, Chicago. 
"We are often told in vaunting speech 
of the illustrious names that have given 
their sanction to secret societies. No mat- 
ter for that — the name of Jesus is above 
every name, and his name is recorded in 
reprobation of them. Let us follow in 
his footsteps and emulate his spirit, and 
so shall we deserve the designation which 
he himself has given us, 'The children of 
light." " 

RE\'. W. S. JACOBY, 

Pastor's Assistant of Chicago Avenue 

(Moodv) Church. 

'T suppose I ought to know something 
about Masonry, as I have taken some 
twelve or fifteen degrees in it and have 
been an ofiicer of my lodge at Guthrie 
Center, Iowa. Until I was converted to 
Christ I was a notoriously wacked man, 
a gambler, a drinker, and dissipated in 
other ways known to evil men. 

"I spent a small fortune in years of dis- 
sipation while a member of my lodge, 
and yet no minister in the lodge ever ex- 
horted me to desist from my reckless 
course or ofifered to direct me to the 
Lamb of God, which taketh awa}' the sin 
of the world. Christian men tell me now 
that they join secret societies that they 
may influence men for good. They will 
very soon lose their own spirituality in- 
side the average lodge-room. Of course 
the lodge is invested with enough formal 
religiousness to make the ordinary 
preacher feel at ease while he works the 
members, ho]:)ing to increase the attend- 
ance at his church, or multiplx' the shekels 
in the contribution box. Special induce- 
ments are offered to the clergy to join, 
and then their names are heralded for 
advertising purposes. After ni}- C( diver- 
sion to Christ the knlge lost its charm to 



Name in prayer. As, therefore, we es- 
teem "the honor that cometh from God 
only," let us separate ourselves from 
everything that hinders the pure and ac- 
ceptable service of Jesus Christ. 

Rev. James AI. Gray. 

(Editor's Note.— The Rev. Dr. .Tamos M. Gray is 
one ol the foremost Bible teachers in America' to- 
day.) 



ORGANIZATION. 



Organization and discipline are sources 
of great strength. The regular stated 
gatherings of the secret fraternities, the 
weekly meetings of .their members in 
their respective lodges, their lining up 
and roll call, are all contributions to 
their power. 

There are in Chicago and other large 
cities more pastors and active parishion- 
ers opposed to the lodge than there are 
those who sympathize with it ; but their 
efforts to antagonize this evil prove abor- 
tive for lack of organization and system. 
Antagonists to secrecy seem unconscious 
of their strength, because isolated and 
alone. A little less fear of the enemy 
and a closer alliance with their friends, 
would be a helpful inspiration. D. L. 
Moody, the prince of evangelists, is on 
record for saying : "Secret societies is the 
greatest obstacle I have to contend 
against." Such is the verdict of scores 
of pastors who scarce dare say so above 
a whisper for fear of being the only ones 
holding such views. There should be a 
better marshaling of the forces hostile to 
secret orders. In every community there 
should be a closer and more intimate con- 
federacy of all those opposed to oath- 
bound organizations. In unity of action 
there is strength. 

"Tender handed stroke a nettle. 
And it stings you for your pains : 

Gras]:) it like a man of metal, 
And it soft as silk remains." 

Appended to this article may be found 
a few abridged testimonials of Chicago 
pastors and others, solicited some time 
since : 

W ILLIAM R. NEWELL, 
Assistant Superintendent Moody Bible 
Institute. 

"It seems to me that the duty of fol- 
lowers of the Lord Jesus Christ is verv 
plain as to this matter of secret societies 



19S 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Xovemljer, 1903. 



me, and many lodge scenes seemed a 
mockery. So long as a man is in the 
broad road that leads to death, it may be 
the lodge is just as good a place as any, 
but I pity the poor starved child of God 
who seeks comfort and strength from a 
society so largely of the godless." 
REV. WILLIAM E. BARTON, D.D., 
Pastor First Congregational Church, Oak 
Park, 111. 
"I hold as a general principle that no 
good cause requires permanent secrecy 
and no bad one deserves it.'' 

REV. CHAS. A. BLANCHARD, D. D., 

President of Wheaton Colle^'e. 

''The charities of these orders are ut- 
terly unchristian. Their plan is to keep 
out anyone who is likely to need any- 
thing. They shut out the maimed and 
the halt, the women and the children, and 
pick out the able-bodied men, and propose 
to give charity to those who have paid, 
and the friends of those who have paid, 
and nobody else ; this is called charity. It 
is not charity, it is absolute selfishness." 

DR. HERRICK JOHNSON, 
McCormick Theological Seminary, Chi- 

"My principal objection to Masonry is 
cago. 
that it is Christlessly religious and it nar- 
rows its beneficences to the few, while the 
gospel is for all the world." 

REV. J. E. ROY, D. D., 

Secretary American Missionary Associa- 
tion. 
"A man is not fit to be a juryman who 
has taken these Masonic oaths and holds 
to them. Such a man is not competent 
to be a constable or a Justice of the Peace. 
He has disqualified himself practically 
and really, for he has by these oaths pre- 
pared himself for the one side or the 
other, and so is unable to do justly in his 
relation between man and man." 

REV. R. A. TORREY, 
Pastor Chicago Avenue Church. 
''I do not believe a man can be an 
intelligent Christian and an intelligent 
Mason at the same time." 

THOS. M. CHALMERS, 
Missionary Chicago Messiah Mission to 

Israel. 
"I would say of secret societies that 
they are the great instrument of vSatan for 
breaking down the power of the church 



of Christ. They bring about a paraylsis 
of the church by bringing the gulf be- 
tween the church and the world. Chris- 
tian men go into the lodge, and from that 
time onward they are useless as wit- 
nesses to Christ. The pulpit is silenced 
in its fight against all moral evil, for all 
forms of unrighteousness are akin and 
are leagued together in self-defense. You 
cannot strike one of these without strik- 
ing the lodge. Satanic strategy and in- 
genuity are strikingly displayed in gath- 
ering church members into the lodges,, 
thereby aligning the professed witnesses 
of God with those who are agents of Sa- 
tan in every form of ungodliness. Israel 
failed and lost her place as a witness to 
God through her alliance with the false 
worships of the day. And the church of 
to-day is in sore danger of losing her 
place as a witnessing body through her 
aUiance with the world." 

PROF. ELLIOTT WHIPPLE, 

Professor of Political and Social Science 
in Wheaton College. 

'T find no suitable place or function 
for secret societies in a free and enlight- 
ened country." 

PROF. R. F. WEIDNER, D.D., LL.D.,. 

President of the Chicago Lutheran Theo- 
logical Seminary. 

"Secret societies are anti-Christian in 
their character, a dangerous foe to the 
family, the State, and the church, and I 
cannot see how any true Christian can 
either join them, or, if he has been be- 
guiled into entering them, how it is pos- 
sible for him, with a clean heart, to re- 
main in them." (II. Cor. 6:14, 15.) 

REV. H. FRANCIS PERRY, 

Pastor Englewood Baptist Church. 

"The ritual, with more or less formal 
religion, takes the place of vital personal 
piety. One is not led to accept Jesus 
Christ as Savior from sin, which is the 
only true basis of the Christian life, 
through the religion otf the lodge. A 
mere external respect for religion such 
as is cultivated in a lodge, is a poor sub- 
stitute for true religion." 

Pastors having such a reciprocity of 
interest should form an association, with 
stated gatherings for mutual protection 
and counsel. 



November, 1903. 



UflRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



199 



THE KING'S CHAMPION. 



SUSAN FIDILITE HINMAN. 



''My young- friends of the graduating 
class :" 

The deep voice was vibrant with emo- 
tion. In the solemn hush that followed 
these words, seven young men and wo- 
men rose before the high pulpit of the 
college chapel, dominated by the state- 
ly and venerable figure of the president. 
The keen gaze of the deep-set eyes was 
'veiled with moisture. Of the seven be- 
fore him all had been his pupils and two 
were his children. 

"You are standing on the threshold of 
life. What parting message shall I give 
you ere I swing open the door before 
ydu? I wish for you the highest and 
best in character, in happiness and in in- 
fluence. I urge upon you the highest 
ambitions and the noblest endeavors. 
Yonder motto" — he pointed to the letters 
above the doorway opposite — " 'Pro 
Christo et regno ejus,' gives a field for 
every effort, every sacrifice, every hope. 
I have striven to picture to you the 
Coming Kingdom of righteousness and 
peace and joy. Amid the sordid realities 
of life, never lose sight of that high 
ideal. My friends, I charge you before 
God, 'Seek first the kingdom of God and 
his righteousness.' And may the grace 
of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love 
of God and the fellowship of the Holy 
Ghost be with you all. Amen." 

The vigorous tones were charged with 
the highest and tenderest feeling, brand- 
ing the words indelibly on the minds of 
those to whom they were addressed. No 
one felt them more deeply than David 
Lorimer. They rang in his ears through 
the bu«y and exciting days of the week 
that followed. As he sat at the head of 
the short but imposing row of graduates 
-on the platform, the memory of those 
words blended with the pungent odor of 
arborvitae from countless festoons above 
his head, with the delicate scent of water- 
lilies and with the vivid crimson of huge 
masses of peonies, the whole splendid, 
yet solemn, ceremonial of commencement 
assumed to him the sacredness of a re- 
ligious rite. 

The spell had not left him when he 



stood in the merry company that throng- 
ed the function then known as the "pres- 
ident's levee." The somber college par- 
lor with its rows of solemn portraits on 
the walls and its monumental marble- 
topped tables beneath had usually a puri- 
tanic aspect even in the rectilinear figures 
of its antiquated carpet. Now, however, 
it was aglow with flowers and festivity. 

The graduates shared the honors with 
the president, and were constantly sur- 
rounded by groups of admiring acquaint- 
ances and friends, voluble with praises 
and congratulations. By far the largest 
throng gathered about David Lorimer. 
He towered above them like a young 
Saul, his leonine head, with its waving 
black locks, worn longer than is the 
present fashion, thrown back with un- 
conscious pride, and his firm mouth re- 
laxed in a smile the more winning for 
its rarity. 

"Your oration was far and away the 
best of the occasion ;" so said his favorite 
professor, and therein voiced the pre- 
vailing opinion. 

Nature had dealt kindly with David 
Lorimer. He had a splendid physique, 
a voice strong, yet flexible, and many of 
the temperamental gifts that go to 
the making of a successful orator. 
His mind, though not deep, was unusual- 
ly direct in its workings. He had the 
gift of simple, straightforward state- 
ment. In argument, he sought to ac- 
complish his ends by convincing the in- 
tellect, while his magnificent personal- 
ity seconded his efforts by an uncon- 
scious appeal to the sympathies of every 
hearer. 

He stood responding abstractedly to- 
the expressions of flattery from all about 
him, occasionally glancing at a figure 
in white at the farther end of the long 
parlor. The sight made his heart thriL. 
Some day that figure, again arrayed in 
white and even lovelier, if possible, than 
now, should stand before the marriage 
altar, and then no throng should part 
them. 

"Excuse me," he said to the chorus 
of well-wishers, and the crowds parted 
before his long strides. 

"Una, I must have a word with you in 
spite of the crowd. I can't wait to tell 
you the good news. President Marriott"" 



'200 



CHRIiSTIAiN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 



— the guest of honor from an Eastern 
college — ''has said some very kind things 
.to me." 

"Like everyone else here to-night !" 

'"Yes, only more gracefully ; and, what 
is more, he has asked me to teach in the 
preparatory department of Winterbourne 
College. Could anything be finer ? Think 
of the opportunities for culture in a 
large, wealthy colleger-libraries, lectures, 
concerts — " 

"And social functions !" Una plairt!y 
was in sportive mood. 

David gave her a reproachful glance 
as he relinquished her reluctantly to an- 
other claimant of her attention. 

On the way homeward he found 
her more serious. 

"I have been proud of you all day, 
David, and I am more than proud of 
this recognition of your talents. You 
.mean to accept the Winterbourne offer ?" 

"It dazzles me. Five hundred a year 
seems a fortune to a poor farmer's boy. 
One could afford almost anything with 
ithat sum." 

The hand resting on his arm trembled 
a little. She knew what he meant. 

"A' teacher has tremendous opportun- 
ities for good, too. You wanted to teach, 
yourself, Una." 

"Yes, but there's mother, David ; 
nothing shall take me away from mother 
while she needs m^e so. Do you know, 
David, it comforts me to think that the 
1<:ingdom of which we heard Sunday is 
:two-fold; the Coming Kingdom with its 
glorious, outward triumph for all to see 
and acknowledge, and the invisible king- 
dom of the present, working silently like 
leaven — the kingdom 'within you.' I can 
work only for that kingdom, now, at 
least. But you, David — perhaps it's 
wrong, but I want you to do something 
really grand for all the world to see. I 
think you must have the blood of war- 
riors in your veins. I should like to see 
you lead the van of some great moral 
conflict !" 

"Do you mean that you would really 
prefer to have me take up the reform 
work?" 

It is not strange that for the moment 
lie looked at the matter from the world's 
view-point and expected Una to do the 
fiame. What but madness would lead 



a brilliant young man to reject a promis- 
ing opening, in order to proclaim an un- 
popular reform? No other compensation 
was ofifered than a meager and dubious 
support — with certain persecution; and 
the service demanded was an onslaught 
on that most formidable enemy of the 
Coming Kingdom, organized secrecy. 
. "Una, when we read 'The Faerie 
Queene' together, I vowed to be your 
Red Cross knight. I leave the decision 
in your hands. Let me come to-morrow 
morning — when? — at ten? — very well — 
and hear "it." 

The next morning, when Una Belden 
opened the door to admit David, her 
fresh, comely face wore an unwonted 
pallor, and her usually placid manner 
showed slight traces of agitation. How- 
ever, she greeted him with her custom- 
ary frank cordiality. 

"Well?" he queried, expectantly. 

"David," she said seriously, "you have 
put too great a burden on me. I said to 
father last night, 'It rests with me to say 
how David shall spend next year,' and he 
answered — rather grimly, I thought — 'A 
great deal depends on how a young man 
spends his first year after leaving col- 
lege.' David, I couldn't get that out of 
my mind. I suppose the weariness and 
excitement of commencement had some- 
thing to do with it, but I could not sleep 
till after daylight this morning. I kept 
thinking, 'What if I should lead David 
astray?' Oh! you can't think how it dis- 
tressed me ! Don't interrupt" — -as he 
seemed about to do so — "you know — 
you must know — that no human being 
has the right to transfer the responsibil- 
ity of his conduct to another. I just 
couldn't decide. I worried and fretted, 
considering possibilities, till I was about 
wild. Then I gave it all up. I — I began 
to pray, David. Why do we always wait 
till we have exhausted our own re- 
sources ? I kept saying, 'Lord, I can't 
decide. Give David wisdom to. know 
his duty and strength to do it.' I said 
it over and over till my mind grew 
quiet. I seemed to feel that the answr- 
to my prayer had already come, and w. 
dawn I fell asleep." 

David shook his head gloomily. "T 
don't see any light, Una. I have left 
everything with you. Perhaps I did 



November, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



201 



wrong, as you seem to think, but I have 
such confidence in your judgment — " 

"Don't dear ! It seems to me that this 
is not a question to be settled by human 
judgment.'' 

"I have prayed, Una, indeed I have. 
And I gave up my own will — at least, I 
think so. I distrust myself and my own 
powers. I feel wholly at sea." 

"That isn't like vou, David. You are 
always so prompt in decision and action. 
You must be very tired, too, dear." 

"Yes," answered David abstractedly. 
"Do you know, Una, it has just come 
over me what a tremendous evil organiz- 
ed secrecy is. What an enerny to antag- 
onize ! Look at its power : it has usurped 
the place of the church ; it has captured 
the manhood of the country ; it dictates 
laws; it defies justice; it rules society; it 
invades the home. It is the deadly Upas- 
tree, poisoning all human relations. It 
is antichrist sitting in the seat of God. 
It is insidious as the Serpent in Eden 
with his threefold appeal to appetite, 
aesthetic sense, and intellectual ambi- 
tion." 

"I can't see how Masonry appeals very 
strongly to the aesthetic sense," said 
Una, laughing. 

"Can't vou ? Well, it's because vour 
taste is of a higher order. Don't you 
know how the primitive savage barters 
gold for gew-gaws and glass trinkets? 
It's the same barbaric taste that delights 
in lodge regalia and the flummery of 
lodge parades." 

"I presume you're right," said Una, 
thoughtfully. "Carry out your parallel. 
How does the lodge appeal to appetite?" 

"You must know, Una, that many a 
man has formed intemperate habits as 
the direct result of his lodge associa- 
tions. ^Nlany a man obtains through 
lodge influences his initiation into the 
lowest vices. Even temperance lodges 
have ministered to vice." 

Una's eyes were wide with amazement, 
but she only said, "And how does the 
lodge appeal to intellectual ambition?" 

"I heard not long ago the story of a 
seceding ^Nlason. I presume his experi- 
ence was not exceptional. He was a 
man of eager, inquiring mind. He was 
led to believe, as many have been, before 
and since, that Masonry is the repository 



of some great and valuable secret, some 
vital truth, accessible only to the initiat- 
ed. He says .the only addition to his 
, knowledge in taking the first degree — 
aside from a revelation of human de- 
pravity — was the mention of the 'oblong 
square.' He had committed to memory 
all the enunciations and demonstrations 
of Euclid, but never before had he heard 
of an 'oblong square' ! And yet that 
deluded man was lured on and on into 
higher degrees by the promise of higher 
and more valuable knowledge." 

"Absurd ! But no intelligent man 
could be so duped very long." 

"Probably not. The majority of them 
take their satisfaction in duping others. 
It's the old story of the fox that lost 
his tail in a trap." 

"Millions of men engaged in a system 
of deception! David, it's appalling!" 

"I know it, Una. That is what makes 
me hesitate. It is a struggle with 'the 
world-rulers of this darkness.' " 

She looked up admiringly at his stal- 
wart frame and manly bearing. "You 
look strong enough for any conflict." 

"Petty persecution, midnight menace, 
dastardly attack — in short, every vile art 
has been used against the advocates of 
this reform. Attempts have been made 
by perjured testimony to destroy their 
characters. They have been assailed with 
rotten eggs and stones. Their lives have 
been attempted by poison, by drowning, 
and by shooting. The strongest man is 
not proof against such things, Una." 

The girl looked up with flashing eyes. 
"Is that what you fear, David?" 

"No !" He caught the note of challenge 
in her voice and responded with equal 
spirit. 

"No," he resumed more slowly. "I 
fear nothing for myself. I have warrior 
blood in my veins and I can understand 
the joy of conflict. But I can't help con- 
sidering the future and — you, dearest." 

She rose quickly and came toward 
him. "What you dare. I dare!" 

He looked dovvTi fondlv as she stood, 
proudly erect, beside him. "You look 
like Luther at Worms," he said, with his 
'Here I stand ; I cannot do otherwise !' " 

"'God help me!'" she added softly. 
"David, you are dearer to me than life. 
I can't bear to think that one black curl 



202 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 



of yours should come to harm. But the 
kingdom whose coming we are pledged 
to seek, has its foes. Few see the danger 
as you see it. Few are so well armed 
against it. David, if you wish to go 
against this modern Goliath, go, and God 
bless you !" 

There was a solemn silence. At last 
David said slowly, "I will go. You are 
right in one thing; few see the danger 
as I see it. 'Blindness in part has hap- 
pened unto Israel.' A seer is one who 
sees. I see the foe at hand and I must 
speak. Woe to the watchman who fails 
to sound the alarm! God bless you for 
your loyalty ! You will pray for me, I 
know." 

''Always, David." 

Thus began David Lorimer's life-long 
battles with the great foe bf the king- 
dom. 

[To be continued.] 



A LODGE MAN'S CONFESSION. 



(Editor's Note.^ — We have received a letter cor- 
roborating the confession of Robert B. Wilson, 
which follovps this note, from Rev. J. T. McCrory, 
D. D., Pittsburg, Pa. Dr. McCrory writes: "I 
thank you for the courtesy of a copy of the letter 
in question, which I herewith return. I sent Mr. 
Beatty a copy, and he called to see me. He says 
the statements in the Wilson letter are corrobo- 
rated by the facts so far as he has knowledge of 
them. The debate did take place under the cir- 
cumstances detailed. The attempts at housebreak- 
ing and all the material statements as to their 
treatment of Beatty are correct. It looks as if the 
letter was a statement of fact, and Mr. Beatty 
has no objection to its publication.") 



Carnegie, Pa., Sept.* 2, 1903. 
National Christian Association, Chicago, 
111: 

As I have always been a firm believer 
in secret societies until the past two or 
three months, I wish to make a state- 
ment, which will interest you, and may 
possibly be of some benefit to others if 
published in your magazine, the Christian 
Cynosure. 

When I was in Leechburg, Pa., I went 
to a debating society at "Irishtown 
Schoolhouse," and one evening the ques- 
tion was, "Resolved, that secret societies 
are a hindrance, rather than a benefit, to 
the country." 

A young man whose name is George 
C. Beatty was on the affirmative, and the 
question was decided in his favor. I then, 
as the question was open for general de- 
bate, took the other side, and asked for 
Mr. Beatty's real opinion. He said he 



had given his exact opinion ; and he 
added to it by making several quotations- 
from the Christian Cynosure. 

We decided that he would injure our 
society, and that we would try to get him 
to change his mind; but he would not, 
and said he would oppose secret orders 
as long as he had strength to do so. It 
so roused me that I said I would get even 
with him sometime. 

I have known every place he has gone 
ever since that time. He had not said 
or done much since the debate in opposi- 
tion to our lodge, so far as I know, until 
he made a remark last fall, that secret . 
orders were a curse to our country ; and 
as I found out that the people he was 
working for were of the same opinion, ' 
set about to get even with him: and, 't 
making plans, it was suggested that we 
get something for our trouble. A plan 
was laid for robbing the house, and after 
we had finished our search of the house 
we were going to torture him until he 
promised to join our lodge and never to 
leave or oppose it. 

The first attempt was a failure. In the 
second attempt we got in, but got the 
worst of the bargain, as Beatty shot me 
. in the left side. 

My partners overheard him say that 
he would go to town next morning as 
soon as he could, and we planned the 
whole thing out to get him into our hands, 
and succeeded in so doing. As there 
seemed to be no other way to control 
him, we persuaded him that he was 
nervous, and our pretended doctor gave 
him, as he supposed, a drink of water; 
and then in a few minutes we could do 
as we chose with him, and could make 
him promise to tell anything, or keep 
anything. Our intention was to keep 
him this way until everything was over 
and we had our money, and then make 
him suffer for it all, and we would clear 
out. 

We have spent about two hundred dol- 
lars, and have only received twenty-five 
dollars out of it ; and as I see they are 
after us now, I am going to leave for 
Canada to-day. 

As I was leaving the barn the other 
night, where we had tied Beatty up and 
were thrashing him, I felt as though I 
would be shot down before I escaped, as 



November, 1903. 



OHRISTIAN GYNOSUHB. 



203 



they were firing at us quite rapidly. I 
then decided that I would write this for 
your magazine, and as the rest concerned 
dared me to, I have thought the matter 
over and decided that Mr. Beatty was 
right and I wrong about secret orders ; 
and though I have to flee for my life, I 
ask you to publish this, and let the people 
know that I have changed my opinion at 
the risk of life, and that I wrote the piece 
published in the "Dayton News," and 
forged another man's name to it ; and 
when I found it was not likely to be pub- 
lished, I wrote to have the full name 
signed. 

Hoping you will kindly publish this, 
and send a copy to Mr. George C. Beatty, 
Carnegie, Pa., with this article marked, 
I am, yours truly, (Signed) Robt. B. 
Wilson. 



PERILOUS TIMES. 



By Rev. S. B. Shaw. 



It has been some time since I have sent 
my testimony to the Cynosure family. 1 
want everybody to know that I see the 
great and growing danger to our country 
from secret societies, monopolies and 
trade unions. The trade unions are not 
the laboring man's friends. They put 
him in bondage. We have known many 
who joined the union, not because they 
believed in them, but because they could 
not do business or get work and stay 
outside. Our grocery man told us that 
he had no sympathy with the union, but 
that he was compelled to join in order to 
continue in business. We have known 
mechanics and many of different trades 
who were obliged to join the unions or 
suffer for the comforts of life. 

On Labor Day, while a brother was 
is assisting us in mission work was paint- 
ing the front of the Union Mission at 
union men came and egged him ; and as 
union men came and egged him and as 
I stood in the door they called me names 
that I cannot put in print and with an 
oath dared me to open my mouth. This 
.is the spirit of unions in their boycotting 
work. The papers, both religious and 
secular, are full of reports of mob law 
and riots that are the result of strikes. 
Many have been killed or injured for 



life and multitudes will be lost for ever 
through their ungodly influence. 

We need an army of men and women- 
who have the courage of their convictions 
to oppose these great evils. Monopolies^ 
trade unions and all secret societies can- 
not help but be enemies to society and 
good government and are opposed to the 
spirit of Christianity. 

May God help us all to lift our voices 
against these great evils. 

Chicago, 111. 



A VERY LIVELY CORPSE. 



According to the following two items 
printed the same day, the first in the 
October Cynosure, and the second in 
the Mansfield News, either the drum- 
mer did not tell the truth, or Ohio has 

a very lively corpse : 

On the train I met a drummer, T\rho said 
his home was in Mansfield. Ohio. I inquired 
how our good friend S. P. Long was getting: 
along. "Oh, he's dead," was the instant re- 
ply. "Why, what's the matter?" I inquired.. 
"That sermon he preached against secret 
societies. No one can live in Mansfield and' 
preach against secret societies: they are too 
strong." I was of course pleased to get this^ 
testimony from one who had not the slight- 
est idea who I was or what I knew of secret 
societies. That he was a secret society man- 
goes without saying. 



How a Whole Household Became Chrintiansr 

This was the subject of a most impressive- 
sermon at the First LrUtheran Church last 
evening. Nearly 700 went to communion 
yesterday. The feeling of the large audience- 
was expressed by one hearer, who said: 
"We must either become Christians, or stay 
away from here." The uoblemian's house- 
hold became Christians because love reigned 
in that home between husband and wife;. 
parents and children, and family and ser- 
vants; then trials came which weaned them 
from the world, showed them the weakness 
of human help and drove them to Christ. 
P^inally tlie father became a Christian first, 
then all the rest followed his example. It 
is the ungodly husband and father's fault 
that so many families are not Christians. 

The Rev. Mr. Long annoiinced that he- 
wanted every soul in Mansfield to have a- 
chance to study God's word and become a/ 
Christian now. To this end he will have 
four catechetical classes; from now on each 
Thursday. At 10 a. m. he will be at Glenn 
Cumming's, on Douglas avenue; at 1:30 p. 
m. at J. F. Ivorentz's. SO East Fir^t street: at 
3 p. m. at Henry Colo's, on Newman street; 
at 4:30 p. m. at Mrs, Liudeman's, iM\) Spring 
Mill street. 



'204 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November. 1903. 



Every Friday evening there will be a class 
in the church in the men's Bible class parlor 
at 7:30. 

On Saturday morning at 10:30 o'clock will 
be a class in the chapel for little children 
to the age of 13, and at 2 p. m. for young 
people, who desire to be confirmed next 
spring. When we remember that this is only 
a small part of the Rev. Long's work we 
will see that he must be a very busy man. — 
Mansfield News. 



TEMPERANCE. 



The title of this article is the name 
of a neat little village in Monroe County, 
Michigan, ten miles north of Toledo, 
Ohio. Its residents pride themselves in 
having a 'Temperance" town of about 
four or five hundred inhabitants, nestled 
among rural denizens, supported by a 
well-to-do farming community. It is 
situated on the Toledo and Ann Arbor 
railroad, has two churches, a good 
school, town hall, post office, several 
stores, and such mills, factories and 
other business enterprises as are com- 
mon to inland towns. 

If it may not be said that this village 
is wholly exempt from the evils of se- 
crecy, it can be said that it is not a 
lodge-ridden town. There may be spo- 
radic members of the major fraternities, 
but not in sufficient numbers to support 
a lodge. The moral atmosphere of the 
community is not congenial to the 
growth of either the lodge or its twin 
brother, the saloon; and the farmers 
would feel that their property had de- 
preciated were their village cursed with 
rum or secret societies. 

Many years ago this place was visit- 
ed by Rev. J. P. Stoddard and E. Ron- 
ayne with the gospel of anti-secrecy, and 
the good seed then so^yn by them and 
others seems to have fallen into goOd 
soil, taken root and is bearing fruit. 

We mention these facts to disprove 
the oft repeated assertion that the more 
there is said against secret societies the 
stronger they become. No one else 
knows quite so well as the farmer the 
value of good seed well sown and thor- 
oughly harrowed. So we would say, 
^'Cast thy bread upon the waters ; for 
thou shalt find it after many days." 
Thomas P. Hitchcock. 
Temperance, Mich. 



iMlortal. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor 
221 West Madison Street, Chicago 



TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTIOIM 

PRICE— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, ten cents. 

DISCONTIMUANCES— We find that a lar^e number of 
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interrupted and their files broken in case they fail 
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ASSUMED, UNLESS NOTIFICATION TO DIS- 
CONTINUE IS RECEIVED, THAT THE SUB- 
SCRIBER WISHES TO HAVE THE CYNOSURE 
CONTINUED, Notification to discontinue at expi- 
ration can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES— Many persons subscribe for 
THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a sub- 
scription is a present and not regularly authorized 
by the recipient, we will make a memorandum to 
discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for the 
ensuing year- 



THE MILLER CASE. 



The recent attack oi the Trade Union 
element upon the government printing 
office at Washington, ought to receive 
earnest and continued attention. It can- 
not be forgotten as a passing episode, but 
must be remembered as the outcropping 
of a permanent tendency Hkely tO' appear 
again. Mr. Miller's removal was de- 
manded because be was a nonunion man. 
To this demand the public printer yielded. 
He removed Mr. Miller for no other rea- 
son alleged than that his removal was de- 
manded by the trade union. 

This must be borne in mind as the ini- 
tial action by which in its whole fabric 
the progressive case was colored. A 
change of tactics was made necessary, 
when the President, much to his credit, 
compelled Mr. Miller's restoration to em- 
ployment, and incidentally made for the 
United States a new declaration of inde- 
pendence. 

It was after this that the same crowd 
from which the former irregularity ema- 
nated, brought the new charge that Mr. 
Miller was personally unfit for a govern- 
ment position. The trade union was per- 
sistently determined to force out a non- 
union man. The order was obviously 
bent on monopolizing this branch of pub- 
lic employment. 

The question is, whether government 



November, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



2()5 



employment shall be of one type or the 
other ; "open shop" or "closed shop." La- 
bor organizations have been passing 
"closed shop" against "open shop" reso- 
lutions. The central labor union at 
Washington issued a manifesto to each 
and all organizations afifiliated with the 
American Federation of Labor, in which 
the president was charged with having 
"committed himself to the policy of the 
open shop, as shown by his letters," with 
the assertion that "the order of the presi- 
dent cannot be regarded in any but an un- 
friendly light." 

The Chicago Federation of Labor also 
held a meeting and issued a kind of man- 
ifesto. This too'k the form of a letter to 
the president, claiming that it was right 
to exclude all nonunion men from gov- 
ernment employment, and advocating 
union monopoly of public service as prop- 
er under "statute law, business expedien- 
cy and moral principle." 

The issue is openly one of equality of 
nonunion men as servants of the United 
States government. It is analogous to an 
attempt to disfranchise voters because 
they do not belong to a certain political 
party. 

The political aspect of the case ap- 
peared at one time menacing. President 
Roosevelt was almost threatened with be- 
ing pilloried by a cabal as an official can- 
didate hostile to laborers, advocate 
though he be of universal and diligent 
work. The coming campaign seemed 
utilized, virtually, by a political conspir- 
acy to coerce the chief executive, at a 
point where a fundamental principle of 
the free government he represented was 
attacked by a faction. Tyranny of any 
kind is against that government, whether 
it be exerted by political dictators, trust 
magnates or walking delegates. All ty- 
rants are hateful, and all conspiracy 
against equality and freedom attacking 
this nation is treasonable. 



VIEWS OF AN ATTORNEY. 



The planting of to-day will show itself 
in the perfume of to-morrow. 



The halo that surrounds manv a 
would-be saint is but the reflection of 
his selfishness. 



From a brief prepared by the attorneys 
in a case tried before the Supreme Court 
of Nebraska, when, on the ground of in- 
capacity a will and a deed were contest- 
ed, we select the following extracts. 

"Tested by these rules, the will must 
stand. The testator had no eccentricitv of 
belief. It was not a belief peculiar to 
himself but held in common with thou- 
sands of intelligent people." 

"It is not claimed Jiat the testator was 
generally insane, but controlled by an in- 
sane notion that secret socieiies were 
wrong, wicked, ajjd injurious to church 
and State." 

"His belief was not peculiar to him- 
self, nor was it without evidence." 

"In A. D. 1833, the State of Vermont 
passed a law directed against secret so- 
cieties, and fixed a penalty of $.roo for 
taking or administering an oath not 
authorized by law, * * and several 
years later increased the penalty to $200, 
That State also repealed the charter of 
a Masonic lodge and took from each 
chapter in that State the power to hold 
property. Massachusetts at one time 
made it a penal offence to take or admin- 
ister any oath not required by statute." 

"While it is true there is no such 
crusade against secret societies and 
masonry as there was seventy years ago, 
there is , a very strong, deep feeling on 
the subject, and rhany able and intelli- 
gent Christian people feel just as the 
testator did. 

"In May, 1890, Rev. Joseph Cook, a 
scholar and lecturer of national reputa- 
tion, delivered a lecture in Chicago at 
the 'Conference of Christians' on 'Dis- 
loyal Secret Oaths.' Among other things 
he said : 'Secret oaths can be shown his- 
torically to have often led to crime ; are 
condemned by the severe denunciations 
of many of the wisest statesmen, preach- 
ers and reformers ; are forbidden in some 
portions of our Republic by the civil law, 
and ought to be in all portions. Many 
European governments hold Free Ma- 
sonry under grave suspicion as a mask 



:206 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 



;for conspiracies. In Prussia, Poland, 
Russia and Spain, Free Masonry is pro- 
hibited by law.' " 

'This is clearly a public charity. To 
seek to educate the people to keep out of 
secret societies is certainly a public char- 
ity, as public charities are viewed in the 
Jaw. 

"The said National Christian Associa- 
tion is an institution organized A. D. 
1874, nearly thirty years ago, and its or- 
ganization had in it representatives from 
seventeen different religious denomina- 
tions, and it is clear in this record that the 
;members of this institution believe that 
secret societies have retarded and are re- 
larding the growth of Christ's kingdom 
on earth." 

''There is indicated in the appellant's 
hrief, if we understand the same, a dis- 
position to blend the church and the 
lodge." 

''Judge Welch makes it clear that the 
Masonic and all other secret societies can- 
not gain strength by taking sanctuary, 
and posing in the livery of a twin force 
— church and lodge — or grasping the 
horns of the religious altar, and asking 
the government's courts to become the 
partisans of their moral monopolies." 

"It is clear in this record, that, for 
long years, this testator had determined 
to do just what he has for all practical 
purposes done in this matter. He was 
opposed to all secret societies. He had 
read the 19th and 20th verses of the third 
chapter of the gospel according to St. 
John, and also the 20th verse of the i8th 
chapter of the same. He had his views, 
and 'He was grounded on the Bible and 
you could not move him.' " 

Our readers will be glad to have us add 
that the court did not rule that to oppose 
secret orders was evidence of monomania. 
Subscribers to the Cynosure can still trust 
their own sanity. 



OUR ALLIES. 



It is the province of the Cynosure to 
deal directly and expressly with anti-se- 
cret questions and reforms. To show the 
unseemliness of initiatory exercises, and 
unsuitableness of antiquated mummeries ; 
to expose irreligious and immoral fea- 
tures of secret associations, is the pecu- 



liar function of our own organization and 
its literature. Indirect service, however, 
of the most powerful kind, deserves am- 
ple recognition. 

Thus, foundations for some of our 
most decisive reasons are in keeping of 
the Christian church, since the custodian 
of revelation is the pillar and ground of 
the truth in religion and morals. That 
popular impulse toward truth, honor and 
purity on which we depend, comes large- 
ly through the church. If Masonry had 
existed in their time, Timothy and Titus 
could not have been Masons. 

Governmental principles elevating the 
coiiception of a nation and citizenship 
therein create the kind of sentiment which 
is predisposition against cabals. A wor- 
thy government is a helpful anti-secret in- 
fluence. A cable-tow is unfit for the hal- 
liards of a free flag. 

With these can well be reckoned edu- 
cation, developing thoughtfulness, refine- 
ment and intelligence. This makes mum- 
mery and fustian contemptible and odious 
as well as ineffectual. Culture and blan- 
ket tossing keep apart. 

Manifold forms of beneficence, includ- 
ing, for example, homes and hospitals 
supported by public or corporate generos- 
ity, demanding no debasing conditions 
and involving no unworthy clannish im- 
plications, show that the strong can help 
the weak without first demanding dues. 

Last but powerful are substantial busi- 
ness institutions creating standards and 
tests and providing better benefits than 
orders prove able to give. The hard touch 
of solid business collapses bubbles, suc- 
cess shames failure, good financiering 
discredits and puts to rout visionary 
hopes and fallacious schemes. Business 
allies lend a strong arm to anti-secret la- 
bor. 

With so many co-operating forces sup- 
porting the reform and accomplishing 
practically much of what is actually done, 
the rank that obviously faces the enemy, 
with banner plainly inscribed may well 
take courage to press on. Otlier hosts are 
with us. Indirect lines of force join ours 
in powerful resultant. Seven thousand do 
not bend the knee; against lodgery and 
its darkness ten thousand influences com- 
bine. The altars are not all broken down 
and we are not alone. 



November. 190.'j. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



20< 



"EXTREMELY NARROW. 



New York, Oct. 8, 1903. 
Editor Christian Cynosure: 

Dear Sir: — On the exchange page in the 
October number of The Christian Cynosure, 
you devote considerable space to an article 
entitled "Parks Jurymen Speak Out," taken 
from the New York Sun of Sept. 3, 1903. 

I read the article with much interest, and 
determined to find out if Parks is a Mason, 
and if he belonged to the same lodge as 
Senator Depew. The result of the investi- 
gation is that I have learned that Samuel 
Parks does not appear on the books of the 
Orand Lodge of the State of New l^ork. If 
he were at present, or ever has been, a mem- 
ber of the same lodge with which Senator 
Depew is aflSliated, his name would be re- 
corded on the Grand Lodge books. Thus you 
see the article in the Sun is wrong, as far 
xis it concerns Samuel Parks and Masonry. 

Your magazine is a religious publication, 
extremely narrow; but I believe you are hon- 
est in your own Oipinions. I do not believe 
it right for the editor of any paper, especial- 
ly if it is a religious one, to publish in its 
colmuns something taken from another 
paper simply because it harmonizes with his 
views upon some particular subject, without 
first ascertaining, as far as possible, the cor- 
rectness of the article. 

I have been a regular reader of The Chris- 
tian Cynosure since December, 1902. I'ours 
very truly, George E. McNeil. 



Assuming our correspondent's investi-- 
gation to have been adequate, if we coitld 
also imagine the copied matter to have 
hinged on location of lodge membership, 
we might then be able to "see the article 
in the Sun wrong as far as it concerns 
Samuel Parks and Masonry." Since, 
however, the article uses most of its 
''considerable space" before arriving 
where, in one last sentence, it alludes to 
what some man who came into the cor- 
ridor remarked about Mr. Depew's 
lodge ; and since the "investigation" turns 
only on what that man said, it is not ap- 
parent that the article is ''wrong as far" 
as is alleged. Mr. Parks need not belong- 
to a lodge located in New York, in order 
to make the article as a whole correct and 
worth copying. 

We are glad that our correspondent has 
read a few of the more recent issues of 
the Cynosure. If he continues, he may 
see, that, while belonging to a large and 
respectable class of periodicals purposely 
"narrow" through attending to some 
chosen subject alone, it treats, in the 
vcourse of time, its one theme in manifold 



aspects and relations, securing at length 
remarkable breadth. It approaches "the 
lodge from various sides, regards it in 
various aspects, meets a variety of ques- 
tions, and engages in a broad campaign 
involving resources drawn from finance, 
taste, civilization, government and relig- 
ion. 

This may not be the idea that meets 
what he 'had in mind, and he may have 
meant narrow religiously, in saying: 
"Your magazine is a religious publica- 
tion, extremely narrow." It claims to be 
narrow and aims to be, in the sense of 
having "one Lord, one faith," "though 
there be gods many and lords many." It 
means to be distinctively Christian, as 
its name implies and requires. "For 
though there be that are called gods * * * 
to us there is one God '^ * * and one Lord 
Jesus Christ." Shut up to this faith, the 
Cynosure is thus unified in thought and 
purpose, and narrow with a breadth en- 
closing the kingdom of the universe. 



REMOVED FROM ATHEISM, 



The Rt. Rev. Leighton Coleman, Bish- 
op of Delaware, says of Pope Leo XIIL : 
"Some of us who are Freemasons have 
had occasion, from time to time, to regret 
his vehement and indiscriminate denun- 
ciation of an order whose principles, as 
promulgated almost universally, are re- 
moved as far as possible from atheism, 
and which numbers among its members 
many who are as truly Catholics as any 
one can claim to be." 

Flow far it may be from atheism in the 
mind of various adherents, may be one 
of those unanswerable questions, the at- 
tempt to settle which is sure to open 
freshly an endless discussion. 

It is charitable to hope that many who 
carry into the lodge settled religious con-^ 
victions do not allow them to become seri- 
ously shaken. This may be happily true 
otf a large portion of the multitude which 
abandons Masonry, either by pyositivc 
withdrawal or by neglect of observance. 

Flowever, a Masonic Senior Deacon of 
the lodge, when he wished to assert of 
himself approximately the same thing as 
Bishop Coleman does of the principles of 
the order, namely, that he was not an 
atheist, said it this way : "In my present 



208 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Xovember, 1903. 



state of knowledge I am unable toi avoid 
the conviction, that there exists and per- 
vades ever}^ particle of matter, something 
very like intelligence, and I am content 
to call that God." The lod'ge Deacon who 
avowed this removal from atheism, wrote- 
the statement to the pastor of the church 
over whose rear vestry the lodge was lo- 
cated ; and he acted as a Senior Deacon 
must in the pastor's first degree initiation. 
As an infidel, he was engaged in a written 
discussion with the pastor; as a Mason, 
he initiated him into the institution thus 
far removed from atheism. 



OLD SOLDIERS' HOME. 



G. A. R, Reunions. 

'.'The first and last impressions of the 
visitor to St. James, Missouri, are as- 
sociated with the bronze button, the blue 
blouse and the long gray beard of the 
battle-scarred veterans of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, who to vary the 
monotony of their Old Soldier's Honie, 
located here, watch for familiar faces and 
friends on the incoming, passing and 
outgoing trains. The near approach of 
decoration day probably made them a 
little more restless than usual. It should 
hardly be a ground for surprise that an 
old soldier, whether wearing the gray 
or blue, shut up in such a home with 
no work to occupy his time or engage 
his mind, without the comforting wit- 
ness of the Holy Spirit in his heart, 

. should accept Satan's counterfeit — 
ardent spirits — for the Holy Spirit. If 
such a man has acquired the habit and 
taste for alcoholic liquors in early life 
and persists in his refusal in his later 
life to accept Christ as his Savior and 
the Holy Spirit as his Comforter, he will 
be very apt to spend his pension or all 

* the money he can beg or borrow for that 
which temporarily drowns his sorrows 
and permanently destroys his manhood. 
''SomxC people seem a little puzzled, as 
to why we never attend reunions of 
soldiers in blue or gray. The attend- 
ance on one such gathering has sufficed 
for a quarter of a century ! During the 
forenoon of that memorable day, bronz- 
ed b:ittle-scarred heroes, many on 
^ititches and with empty sleeves, gather 



by the thousand. By 2 p. m. a large pro- 
portion was 'glorious ;' 'o'er all the ills 
of life victorious.' Multitudes were too 
remote from the platform and from their 
normal mental equilibrium, to make 
very clear distinctions between the dif- 
ferent parts of the proceedings. We 
were conversing with a very dignified 
major-general when called on for the 
opening prayer. Some men are never 
so religious as when filled with ardent 
spirits. At the close of the prayer a man 
of this sort, on the outskirts of the vast 
crowd, drunk as a loon, broke out with 
applause ! Many others in the same 
condition, who had scarcely heard one 
word of prayer, joined in the uproar, 
to the great embarrassment of the pre- 
siding officer, as well as the preacher. 
So long as wide open saloons and the 
convival treating habit exist, the average 
old veteran, either in the North or 
South, is better off away from such re- 
unions." 
—Editorial in St. Louis Christian Advocate. 



THE CHRISTIAN CO-OPERATIVE ASSO- 
CIATION. 



Thinking that perhaps some of the read- 
,ers of the United Christian, might be in- 
terested in the subject of Christian co-op- 
eration and believing that they might make 
good material, with which to build up this 
institution, we improve this opportunity of 
sending you a few thoughts in behalf our 
Association. Our Association aims to be 
a medium between two extremes, i. e., the. 
unlimited competitive system on the one 
hand and the communal or complete socialis- 
tic system on the other and may be said 
to have three main objects in view. 

1. It aims to be a beneficiary society, 
composed of Christians only, a society in 
which most if not all, of the chief objects- 
of a beneficiary society may be achieved 
and one in which it will not be necessary to 
mingle with the immoral or irreligious as is 
so often the case with the secret lodge- 
system and one that is accessible to all 
whether rich or poor. The need of some 
such organization has long been felt by 
many, one good brother in Illinois, after 
reading our constitution, etc., remarked: 'T 
have often thought that some organization 
ought to be formed in order to take the 
place of secret societies;" another, an au- 
thorized evangelist in Oklahoma, writes: 
"The substance of this subject has oft been 
presented to my mind as the only means of 
arresting the minds of our fellow travelers, 
from the slavery of secret societies." 



November, 1903. 



CHRISTIAJS' CYNOSURE. 



209 



2. It aims ultimately, to provide homes 
for those of its members who may need 
them and this feature when carried out 
would form a communitj'^ peculiar to itself, 
composed entirely of Christians— a commu- 
nity that would be free from the saloon, the 
gambling den, the dance hall and where 
the secret lodge would not be necessary. 

3. The formation of a better church sys- 
tem than any now in vogue. This last ob- 
ject is the hardest of all to explain, very 
few being able to see the benefits to be 
derived from the formation of another 
church organization, or denomination, yet 
most people who have given the subject 
careful consideration, will readily admit that 
our present church systems are neither 
complete nor perfect and that there is 
room for improvement; therefore we con- 
clude that to study the various church sys- 
tems, comparing them with the Bible, in 
the light of past historj^ with a view of 
selecting the best ideas from all, the correct- 
ing of error and the remedying any de- 
fects which may be found— in a word, prof- 
iting by the mistakes and developments of 
the past, is a laudable object and we believe 
that this last object will be better liked 
as it becomes better understood and as we 
progress with the work; but however this 
may be, need not hinder any one from 
joining the Association and enjoying its 
privileges and benefits, though they may 
not feel interested in the "colonization" or 
"new church" feature of the movement, nor 
would they- be required to contribute to any 
part of the work in which they do not 
feel interested, as all our contributions, ex- 
cept the membership and annual, are en- 
tirely voluntary. 

We believe that our objects and aims are 
laudable and feasible and we hope that 
there are some amon^- your readers who 
will think favorably of this undertaking and 
we do not doubt but there are some who 
could render good service in the shaping 
of that future of this organization, so in 
order that such of your readers who may 
desire to investigate the further, we will 
send a copy of our little booklet containing 
constitution and by-laws, to any one who 
will send us a two cent stamp with their 
address plainly written. 
—Dr. M. 1>. (iillespie, R. F. D. No. 5, Clay 

Center, Kas. 

The above communication in The 
United Chri'stian for July shows in part 
the heavily loaded enterprise undertaken. 
More minute details can be gathered from 
the pamphlet or tract ofifered. which con- 
tains abotit a dozen small pages. The 
matter published seems to need editing, 
and we fear that the plan itself also 
needs revision. There are good ideas in 
the rules, and good religious and moral 
principles have guided the founder of 



the enterprise. The constitution contains 
13 articles followed by 19. by-laws. The 
business includes founding villages, 
towns and cities, and no real estate in- 
vestment of funds can be made outside 
places not controlled by the association. 
Several funds are to be created ; as a 
Library Fund, Widows' Fund anrl oth- 
ers. This communal enterprise would 
appear to. need large resources, btit the 
entrance fee is one dollar, and the annual 
dues is also cJne dollar. Beyond this, all 
is voluntary. 

The method of doing away with secta- 
rianism, appears to be to add a new 
sect. Meanwhile, the preamble contains 
a rather detailed creed, which is appa- 
rently that of the whole business com- 
munity to be founded. However, the 
constitution itself provides that m.embers 
are not required necessarily to "join in 
Vvdth" the religious department of work. 
Yel, according to the same constitution,, 
a candidate must be a person of good 
moral and religious character, and must 
be willing to endorse the principles of 
the preamble and constitution. These in- 
clude a pretty strict form, of Trinitarian 
theology, and such items as the Tithing 
system, saloon suppression, and the 
modes of observing Christian rights 
''taught in the New Testament.'' This 
carries the appearance of an attempt to 
incorporate into the practice of the tiew 
church, the custom of immersion. I^^ 
fact, there is not a little which rer/xlnds 
one of Dowie ; this among the rest. The 
last by-law contains as its key, the as- 
sertion that "this association is founded 
on a religious base." 

An association that undertakes to '^^ma 
towns and all sorts of buildings therein ; 
to run various charities : and to base all 
on a rather widely detailed system of 
morals and doctrinal religion ; depend- 
ing, meanwhile, for its resources, on a 
dollar for initiation and a dollar a year at 
dues, with what else patrons outside or 
inside feel disposed to give, looks like a 
large undertaking. C^fficers capable o^ 
managing the enterprise ought to b^ 
high priced men. Whether such men can 
be induced to manage general affairs or 
details under the rule tliat there shall b< 
no fixed salaries (although the di rector? 
niiv decide on com.oen.sation withmu dy 



210 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November. 1903. 



ed terms, of time or amount), may be a 
question — or it jnay not be a real ques- 
tion. 

In its present form and at the present 
stage, the enterprise is not one in which 
we can advise our readers to engage. ' 



UNSEEMLY AND UNMASONIC PUB- 
LICITY. 



The Texas Freemason says : "There 
has been an unseemly publicity attend- 
ing the conferring of the degrees on 
Bro. Roosevelt, but we doubt that such 
was his wish or desire, and believe and 
hope that it was only the bad taste of his 
overzealous admirers. We are glad that 
the un-Masonic publicity given tO' this 
case was by the secular press, and those 
of the Masonic press who thought that 
the first announcement meant the M. M. 
degree." 

It was risk}^ for he might have 
bucked. Publicity remains premature 
up to the third degree, which has been 
terminated abruptly in medias res 'by 
the candidate's "I won't." It would 
have been safe to wait till they had him 
corralled. 



A LONG SHORT STORY. 

The Texas Freemason (May, 1901) 
says : — 

''Alfred Judson Fischer, the Chicago 
historian, has woven the highly interest- 
ing results of a genealogical investigation 
into 'A Daughter of Adam,' a short story 
which he has written for the Ladies' 
Home Journal. He traces the heroine of 
his romance (in real life a well-known 
Philadelphia woman) directly back to 
Adam, establishing with corroborative de- 
tail every link in the long genealogical 
chain. He brings to light the fact that 
there have been one hundred and twenty- 
two generations of the human family, be- 
ginning with Adam." 

She can't be closely related to him. 



HOME SEEKERS. 

Those who wish to join an anti-secret 
colony and help build up a new town 
alread}^ having two railroads and located 
in southeast corner of North Dakota, will 
■do well by writing to J. B. Hazlett, Gen- 
eseo, N. D. (Advt.) 



Jletti0 of §wc Pori 



Our Eastern agent, Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard, has spent the month of October 
laboring in the State of Iowa. 



Rev. L. N. Stratton, one of our direc- 
tors, while recently visiting in Bureau 
County, 111., delivered three addresses 
upon secret societies. Dr. Stratton is a 
veteran writer and lecturer upon the sub- 
ject. 



On Thursday afternoon, October 15, 
President Bianchard delivered two ad- 
dresses on the lodge question to students 
in Chicago. At two o'clock he spoke to 
about sixty theological students at the 
Lutheran Seminary over which Dr. 
Weidner presides, and at a later hour 
"he addressed the theological, college and 
preparatory departments of North Park 
College. As ever, the President's talks 
were scriptural, logical and convincing. 



AN INTRODUCTION. 



To w^hom it may concern, with special 
reference to friends in Indiana who 
sympathize with the objects of the Na- 
tional Christian ^ Association, Greet- 
ing : 

This is to introduce our Eastern Agent, 
Rev. W. B. Stoddard, who now invades 
the State of Indiana for the first tiriie, 
with the gospel of anti-secrecy. He is a 
most worthy son of his venerable father, 
Rev. J. P. Stoddard, who gave much time 
to this cause in Indiana at an early day. 

His present brief visit is in the interest 
of the anti-secret convention to be held 
at Elkhart, Nov. 9 and 10. . 

We bespeak for Brother Stoddard that 
share of confidence and aid of which he 
is worthy, and which he everywhere re- 
ceives. He is an untiring worker, and 
usually accomplishes his purposes. He 
has only ten days to devote to the State. 
Let every friend far and near address 
him at Elkhart, Indiana, assuring him of 
substantial support. 



November, 1903. 



CHiRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



211 



INDIANA STATE CONVENTION.. 



W. B. STODDARD'S LETTER. 



Some of our friends in Indiana have 
felt that they were being neglected, and 
it may be good diplomacy to plead 
guilty to the implied indictment. 

Our neglect, however, has not been 
intentional, and when properly under- 
stood should be regarded as a compli- 
ment rather than a slight. We can at- 
tempt only the most needful fields. Mr. 
Lincoln, when besieged with applicants 
for "place," epigrammatically remark- 
ed: ''I have many more plugs than I 
have holes to be plugged." 

Our experience is the reverse of Mr. 
Lincoln's. We find the harvest in many 
localities promisingly plenteous, but the 
.efficient laborers few. One of our most 
successful w^orkers, Rev. W. B. Stod- . 
dard, has just closed the Iowa State Con- 
vention, and with a hop, skip and a jump 
hies into Indiana, to turn the hearts, 
heads and footsteps of our friends in 
that State to the Convention to be held 
at Elkhart on. Monday and Tuesday, No- 
vember 9 and lo. 

It is true the time is short ; but our 
agent, Mr. Stoddard, is equal to almost 
any task, and it is desired to utilize his 
time and labors before his return to his 
Eastern field. 

Elkhart is a beautiful city of twenty 
thousand inhabitants, and the invitation 
of its pastors to hold the Convention in 
their midst is cordial, and there is every 
promise of a successful meeting. It is 
a little early to announce the names of 
speakers who are to contribute to the 
edification of the Convention, but with 
the least possible delay programs will 
be issued and sent on application to the 
Cynosure office, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, 111. 

Pen and purse contributions to the 
Convention are solicited, and may be 
addressed to Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Elk- 
hart, Ind., (General Delivery). 

Let every one under whose eyes this 
article may fall decide at once to either 
attend the Convention or give to it their 
prayers and material aid. The press 
everywhere, in sympathy with the ob- 
jects of this Convention, will j^lease ex- 
tend the notice. 



Iowa and Indiana Convehtions. 

Olds, Iowa, Oct. 19, 1903. 

Dear Cynosure : Leaving Schuyler 
Lake, where I wrote you last, I came to 
Binghamton, N. Y. My home was with 
Brother Lucius Woodruff. Brother 
Woodruff ''stands under" in the support 
of the City Mission, an organization that 
is rescuing many drunkards and secret 
society people of high' degrees. A 
Brother Blandy and wife are in charge. 
They are well fitted for the work in 
which they engage. 

In going along the street I w^as 
startled to see my name on the billboard 
with the announcement that I was the 
"Great Columbian Lecturer." I spoke 
three times in the mission. There were 
good audiences and some conversions. 
Soime were brought to see more fully the 
evils of the lodge system. , The meet- 
ings I held in this place in the Free 
Methodist and Evangelical churches 
vv^ere also well attended. A renewal of 
the acquaintance with Brother Schenk, 
pastor of the Evangelical Church, whom 
I met years ago in Syracuse, N. Y., was 
pleasant. I found his interest in N. C. A. 
work growing. The terrible effects of 
the lodges on those who should be Chris- 
tians is constantly before him. 

Among those subscribing for The 
Cynosure at this place was the pastor 
of the Lutheran Church. In speaking of 
the lodges he said that after they had 
secured what they wanted there was lit- 
tle left for the churches. The Sunday 
fracases at the parks, conducted by va- 
rious lodges, were noted as especially 
demoralizing. 

En route for home I made several 
calls on friends in Wilkesbarre, Sunbury, 
Harrisburg, Palmyra, Cleona, Dills- 
burg, Franklintown, Carlisle and 
Chambersburg, Pa. It was gratify- 
ing to learn that I had been missed 
from the camp meetings and oth- 
er meetings T have been in the habit of 
attending in this section. The friends 
are awake to the needs of the cause and 
I expect a grand forward move when 
the State convention shall gather at Al- 
lentown next March. Time did not per- 
mit my visiting friends on the Pennsyl- 
vania line between Harrisburg and Pitts- 



212 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November. 1903. 



burg, as I had hoped. I am not forget- 
ting these friends, and shall be glad to 
help again as soon as time will permit. 

In coming to Iowa to aid in the prep- 
aration for the State convention, I tar- 
ried a little at Pittsburg, Pa., and Chi- 
cago, 111. I find all the work I can han- 
dle out here. The seed sown at Bur- 
lington is growing. The increasing in- 
terest is very apparent. My work has 
been in Washington, Ainsworth, Oska- 
loosa, New Sharon, Albia, Winfield, Wy- 
man, Crawfordsville, Linton, Morning 
Sun and Olds, thus far. I am to visit 
Wayland, Richland, West Branch and 
Kalona, the Lord willing, this week. I 
speak in the Lutheran Church, Swedes- 
burg, Tuesday evening ; the Mennonite 
Church, Kalona, Thursday evening, and 
I judge other meetings are arranged. 

In the Sabbath spent at Ainsworth I 
was permitted to address good audi- 
ences. Sixteen in Brother Davis' con- 
gregation subscribed for The Cynosure. 
The anti-secret lecture given last Mon- 
day evening was not so largely attended. 
Some drove from a long distance, and 
we have reason to believe good was ac- 
complished. I supplied the pulpit of 
the United Presbyterian Church, Win- 
field, Sabbath, Oct. ii. Yesterday I 
preached in the Wesleyan Church in the 
country near Wayne. The weather hias 
been pleasant for nearly twO' weeks, and 
the attendance at all meetings good. The 
enthusiasm for the convention is rising 
at all towns visited. Some delegates are 
appointed and friends express the ex- 
pectation to attend. 

Rev. J. R. Wylie came to Iowa on the 
same train that I took, to prepare for a 
National Reform convention. This gath- 
ering is in Oskaloosa next month. It 
was a great pleasure to rneet and co- 
operate with this brother in the reform 
work. So'me of our meetings are in the 
same towns, but are arranged not to con- 
flict. 

My home here is with Brother J. A. 
. Laird. Brother Laird has taken The 
Cynosure almost from its beginning. I 
am finding" many of the warriors of other 
years in this section. Father McCleery, 
now 80 years of age, stood by my father 
and other anti-secrecy workers when the 
Masons tried their best to break up the 



meetings at Marshalltown, Iowa. Brass 
bands were secured to play beside and 
in front of the hall in which the meet- 
ings were purposed. The gas was turned, 
off, and the devil generally let loose. 
P'riends who stand fire like this can al- 
ways be counted on for life. Father Mc- 
Cleery's son is pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church of this place. He expects 
to attend the State convention. 

Iowa friends may rejoice that the tide 
is rising and the cause advancing in the 
State, but, oh, there is so much needing 
to be done ; sp many doors -open. Oh, 
that the right man may be selected to 
lead on to greater victories ! 

Indiana seems to be the next open 
door for work. I hope to help in holding 
the convention that our Brother Flitch- 
cock is preparing at Elkhart, Nov. 9 
and 10. Let every friend of the cause 
in Indiana write a few lines expressing 
their sentiments and send to me at 
Elkhart (general delivery). Your State 
convention gives you a chance to stand 
up and be counted. Who is on the 
Lord's side in this conflict ? . Let us hear. 
Blemembering that every plant that our 
Heavenly Father hath not planted shall 
be rooted up, let us move forward to. 
victory. W. B. Stoddard. 



As we go to press an elaborate report 
of the New England Association 
reaches us. In this issue we have room 
only to say that the general secretary 
and his cabinet of faithful advisers seem^ 
optimistically hopeful of the future. 



The convention just closed at Wash- 
ington, Iowa, was full of interest and en- 
thusiasm. The citizens of that common- 
wealth know a good thing when they see 
it ; they likewise know the evil of the 
lodge, and set their faces like a flint 
against the evil. 



PRESIDENT'S LETTER. 

My Dear Friends in Christian Work : * 

There has recently been put into my 
hands by our Secretary, a letter received 
from Mercer University, Macon, Georgia. 
This letter seems to have been prepared 
by a student body, acting under the title 
"Non-Fraternity Organization." Ap- 
parently, it was to be sent to all new 



November, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



213 



students, for the purpose of persuading 
them not to unite with any of the fra- 
ternities in the university. The letter is 
an argument on the subject of secret so- 
cieties, with special reference to college 
life, and is logical, kindly and sane in 
character. 

The writer says that college fraternities 
are exclusive, narrow, and selfish organi- 
zations ; that membership is not offered as 
a reward of merit or character. He says 
that these fraternities promote a spirit of 
fellowship and moral helpfulness among 
a few individuals chosen by narrow and 
.selfish standards. He declares that such 
organizations promote a selfish, rather 
than a broad-minded, tolerant spirit ; that 
it tends to bias the mind and produce 
clannishness. 

'Thus," he says, "we have two gen- 
eral objections to fraternities: one the 
pernicious effect of false teachings, and 
consequent wrong conception of life by 
young fraternity members ; the other the 
evil results of these influences in the col- 
lege community — the ignoring of other 
fraternity and non-fraternity men, the 
■exciting of unkindness and ill-feeling, and 
the interfering with good fellowship and 
the destroying of a unified college spirit." 

This general statement is supported by 
a number of arguments : first, that obliga- 
tions to secrecy breed secretive disposi- 
tions, and so pervert social relations ; that 
the assembling of young men in secret 
will result in evil, unless their characters 
are exceptionally high ; that there is no 
moral, social or political purpose of legiti- 
mate sort which can be aided by secrecy 
more than by openness. 

The argument proceeds to say that 
one should select his associates on the 
basis of natural congenialities, not on the 
basis of oaths ; that liberty of thought and 
action are so valuable that they ought not 
to be sacrificed for any trifling reason. 
The writer speaks next of the social and 
political prestige which secret societies 
propose to secure for their members. Ad- 
mitting that there are advantages of this 
kind, he claims that they are secured at 
too great a cost. He declares that a man 
should expect to succeed, not by pull, 
influence and intrigue, but by manhood, 
self-respect and personal effort. 

The letter also declares that fraterni- 



ties separate into hostile parties those 
whose interests as students are one, and 
whose spirit and effort should be united. 
"Religiously and intellectually," he, says, 
"they are not ai] aid. Socially and 
politically, the benefactions they offer are 
a robbery of other people." 

The effect of the agitation as conducted 
by this Non-Fraternity Organization ap- 
parently is that from June of 1902 to 
June of 1903 the number of fraternity 
men was reduced from 109 to 70. This 
exhibit of work done and results attained 
ought to be inspiring to us all. It shows 
that arguments addressed to reason are 
effective with young people. They ought 
to be more so with other people. \\'hy 
should not a kindly communication of this 
sort be addressed to the citizens of every 
town where lodges exist, 'by those who 
are opposed to them? 

My own impression is that such a 
course would result in an immediate fall- 
ing off O'f lodge meml)ership. I think 
that all efforts now put forth in this direc- 
tion are accomplishing that result. The 
tens of thousands of persons who are 
leaving lodges every year is a testimonv 
to the value of such work as ours, and 
also to the natural repugnance which the 
unperverted heart has to secret societies, 
with their shameful initiations and anti- 
Christian oaths. Of course, some persons 
will unite with secret societies anyway, 
and some will remain in them, having 
united; but I think the major portion of 
the human race are reasonable, and will 
not desire fellowship in organizations so 
clearly condemned by reason and God's 
word as are the secret societies of our 
time, if they know what they are. 

As suggested heretofore, it is not one 
particular thing which needs to be don.c 
rather than another, but a prayerful, ener- 
getic labor of some sort on some lines. 
God will bless such eft'orts, and the com- 
munities in which wc live will he bene- 
fited. 

It is self-evident that such eft'orts '.vill 
be at certain cost to those who put them 
forth. "The royal way to Heaven is the 
royal way of the Cross." Jesus did not 
promise any of His disciples that they 
might carry on His work and be free 
from difticulty and dangers. On the 
other hand, he told them that if thev loved 



214 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 



their own lives better than His work, 
they could "not be His disciples. 

To this blessed warfare once more I 
invite and urge you. Tracts may be 
secured at our office at a very low rate, 
in sufficient numbers to enlighten every 
family in a small city. If you prefer to 
write and print your own argument, as 
these young men in Georgia have done, 
that you can also do. It is not, as said 
above, one way or another way of work- 
ing that we desire, but work. 

Asking God's blessing upon you, I am, 
Fraternally yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 



IOWA STATE CONVENTION. 



Washington, Iowa, Oct. 2"] — 8 p. m. 

Dear C3mosure : — With the session of 
the Convention now gathering in the Re- 
formed Presbyterian Church, passes an- 
other milestone for the anti-secrecy re- 
form in the Hawkeye State. 

I write as I take the train for Chicago, 
111., and Elkhart, Ind., where I hasten to 
aid in another State gathering. I have 
great reason to thank God for the bless- 
ings of meetings held yesterday and to- 
day. The weather was everything de- 
sired. I noticed delegates and friends 
present from Hopkinton, New Sharon, 
Oskaloosa, Kalona, Letts, West Branch, 
Columbus City, Ainsworth, Reinbeck, 
Yorkville, Winfield, Morning Sun, Lin- 
ton, Wyman, Crawfordsville and else- 
where. 

The old Sharon congregation of the 
Covenanters lined up the best as to dele- 
gates. There were nine or more from 
that congregation. 

From the beginning the attendance and 
interest was good. It was the ''old 
guard's" meeting. Grave, thoughtful 
men and women had come that they 
might forward a noble cause. The ad- 
dresses were all of a high order. Old 
truths were presented in a new way, while 
truths new to many were discovered. The 
contributions met the financial needs, and 
left a surplus in the treasury. More en- 
tertainment was offered than required. 

The sessions were divided between the 
Reformed Presbyterian and Associate 
Presbyterian Churches. I found the pas- 
tors of the two United Presbvterian 



Churches of the city on our side — the first 
giving the address of welcome, the sec- 
ond serving as secretary. The inaugura^ 
tion of the President of Monmouth Col- 
lege, the political campaign, the fine op- 
portunity for the farmers to harvest their 
corn, and other causes detained many 
who hoped to meet with us. 
, The discussions of the papers and reso- 
lutions were animated, sending out the 
participants with new determination. I 
never saw Dr. Swartz looking better, and 
I am sure he is delivering one of his mas- 
terly addresses to the large audience I 
saw gathering. As some of the speakers 
were requested to forward briefs of their 
addresses to the Cynosure, I prefer to let 
them speak for themselves. 

Don't fail to read the resolutions, 
friends. I judge it would be difficult to 
pack in more truth in the same space. 

Strong, energetic men were elected as 
officers. In addition to the Executive 
Committee, nine Vice-Presidents were se- 
lected, to aid in pushing ' the work. 
Iowa's great need seems to be a man as 
agent with a large degree of practical 
common sense and consecrated energy, tO' 
lead the people who will join in large 
numbers in the years at hand, as the de- 
structive principles within the lodges 
work themselves out. 

A great crisis is very near. Lodge 
tyranny in America is getting beyond en- 
durance. God helping, we will be free. 
Iowa raises her flag. Who will join in 
the march to victory? 

W. B. Stoddard. 



state Officers for Year 1903-4. 

The following officers were elected for 
the ensuing year: 

President— Rev. J. P. Davis, D. D., 
Ainsworth, Iowa. 

Vice-Presidents — Rev. W. S. Lowery, 
Clarinda, Iowa; Rev. J. W. Dill, Clarin- 
da, Iowa; Rev. J. B. Jackson, Albia, 
Iowa; Rev. C. D. Trumbull, D. D., Morn- 
ing Sun, Iowa; J. W. Cubit, Morning" 
Sun, Iowa ; J. Henderson, Linton, Iowa ; 
A. C. Staples, West Branch, Iowa; Rev. 
H. S. Atchison, Albia, Iowa; Rev. L. 
Mendenhall, Fairfield, Iowa. 

Secretary — Rev. W. R. Sawhill, Wash- 
ington, Iowa. 

Treasurer — A. Branson, New Sharon, 
Iowa. 



November. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



215 



RESOLUTIONS. 



Whereas secret orders, by their at- 
tempt to estabHsh new and artificial rela- 
tions among men, and to base on these 
relations moral obligations between man 
and man, presumptuously invade the 

prerogatives of the Creator ; and whereas 
the principle of secrecy is a plain perver- 
sion of the law of our mental . being, 
which, as it comes from God, associates 
truth and goodness with openness, frank- 
ness and unrestricted publicity ; and 
whereas the influence of societies founded 
on this principle must be baneful, and in- 
crease with the increase of their number ; 
therefore, 

Resolved, L, That it is the plain duty 
of all lovers of righteousness to call pub- 
lic attention to the evil, and to labor and 
pray for its destruction. 

II. That the Christless prayers and rit- 
ual of the lodge, its unwarranted conse- 
cration of material emblems as signs of 
spiritual realities, and its emasculated 
Scripture, blasphemously misapplied, 
merit and demand the condemnation of 
the true friends of Christ, their Lawgiv- 
er and King, and the only medium of ap- 
proach and acceptable worship to God. 

III. That the pledges and oaths by 
which secret orders seek to bind to im- 
plicit obedience to their laws and officers, 
tend not only to lower the tone of respect 
due to civil authority, but are in conflict 
with the duties of good citizenship, and 
are adapted to the criminal designs of the 
lawless, who skulk in darkness, and re- 
sort to such means to conceal their evil 
plans and purposes. 

IV. That we cannot but look on these 
orders as at war with true independent 
manhood, and point as proof of our as- 
sertion to the tyranny of the secret labor 
unions in their ordering and conducting 
of strikes, in their attempts to force those 
outside into their ranks, in their denial of 
the right of the individual to labor unless 
he joins their membership, and in their 
arrogant attempt to have the government 
of the United States itself unionize its 
work-shops. We symi)athize with the 
world's toilers in their efl:orts to obtain 



shorter hours and a fair compensation 
for their labor, but we must condemn the 
despotism of the methods that in too 
many instances are employed. 

V. That we regard the whole tenden- 
cy of the lodge as unfavorable to good 
morals, inasmuch as it brings men into 
peculiarly intimate association with the 
grossly irreligious, leads them to spend 
their evenings away from the home and 
to deny wife and children that compan- 
ionship to which they are justly entitled, 
produces a feeling that the lodge is as 
good as the church, encourages them to 
hope for salvation without forsaking sin, 
and imperils the administration of jus- 
tice. 

VI. That we view it as a matter for 
thankfulness that the founders of the so- 
called insurance lodges have been so un- 
wise as to base them on unsound busi- 
ness principles, thus rendering certain 
their final overthrow ; and we would af- 
fectionately warn all who in entering such 
lodges have "done evil that good may 
come," to come out before they suffer 
greater loss. 

VII. That in the National Christian 
Association, its organ, the Christian Cy- 
nosure, its agents in the field, and its 
books and tracts being circulated, we rec- 
ognize valuable help in contending with 
this giant evil, and we heartily recom- 
mend their support. That we also ex- 
tend a vote of thanks to the field-agent 
present with us, the Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard, for his efficient work in connection 
with our convention, and to the pastors 
of the churches, and the people who have 
so generously entertained us. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. A. Black, 

Rev. J. A. Fenwick, 

J. W. Crawford, 

Committee. 



The minutes of the Iowa State Con- 
vention are omitted from this number for 
lack of space. They will appear in the 
December Cvnosure. 



No one can afford to sacrifice, need- 
lessly, the good of)inion of good people. 
Every true character that touches our 
lives is a part of our moral heritage. 



216 



CHRISTIAN CYNaSURE. 



November, 1903. 



Irom §nx HatL 



Chisholm, la., Oct. 8, 1903. 
I have been a reader of the Cynosure 
since boyhood. I think the last number 
is worth all it costs for a year. 

J. B. Elder. 



VERY INTERESTING HISTORY. 



Wheaton, III, Sept. 24, 1903. 
W. L Phillips : 

Dear Brother : — I read the Cynosure 
with interest and delight every month. I 
am more firmly convinced than ever be- 
fore that we are right in this great re- 
form. As ever, your sincere friend, 
W. L. Ferris, Pastor College Church. 



CYNOSURE IN BRAZIL. 



Egreja Christa, Largo da Liberdade, 62, 

S. Paulo, Brazil, 6th. Sept. 

Mr. W. I. Phillips : 

Dear Brother in Christ : — We thank 

you for your kind note of June 13, and 

for the copy of the Christian Cynosure for 

that month, all of which were read with 

much interest. Thank you also for the 

copy of ''Modern Secret Societies," which 

is indeed a valuable book in our campaign 

against the ''unfruitful works of dark- 
ness." 

Yes ; we would be very grateful if 
you could let us have your magazine for 
a year, as you so very kindly offer; and 
we will make good use of it, being ex- 
tremely desirous of posting ourselves 
thoroughly on this important question, so 
that we may be used of God to turn souls 
(bound and blindfolded in Masonic 
lodges) from the power of Satan unto 
Him. 

Asking your pardon for our long delay 
in answering, 

Yours faithfully in Christ, 

(Mrs.) Kate H. Young. 

Editor's Note. — Our readers will recall 
a previous letter from our missionary 
friends, Mr. and Mrs. Young, which 
was published in the Cynosure of April, 
last. 



Warsaw, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1903. 

Dear Cynosure : — Passing through this 
place on my itinerary, in the history of 
the town, I find an interesting bit of his- 
tory pertaining to the action of the an- 
cient Congregational church here upon 
secret societies. The published history 
says : 

"On the 3d of March, 1855, the pro- 
priety of members of the church belong- 
ing to secret societies, was brought up for 
consideration in a church meeting. The 
subject after considerable discussion was 
referred to a committee consisting of 
Seth M. Gates, Chas. J-. Judd, Amos 
M. Barrett, N. T. Yeomans and, Joshua 
H. Darling. The committee. May 5, 
1855, reported a series of resolutions' de- 
claring it improper for members of Chris- 
tian Churches to belong to secret, oath- 
bound societies, to continue in fellowship 
with their members and attend their meet- 
ings." The resolutions, after full dis- 
cussion, were unanimously adopted by 
the church and placed on file with the 
church clerk, Seth M. Gates. In i860, 
his office was forcibly entered in the 
night, and these resolutions, with the 
church record, stolen therefrom." 

In the same history I learn also that 
Hon. Seth M. Gates' father — born at 
Preston, Conn., in 1775 — had removed to 
Warsaw in 1806, that in 1808 he had 
made a public profession of religion. 
Seth M. had been supenntendent of the 
Congregational Sunday School for thir- 
teen years, and many years the 
church clerk. For forty years, with pen 
and voice, he had been active in oppos- 
ing the liquor system. While in Con- 
gress for four years, 1838- 1842, he had 
co-operated with John Quincy A-dams, 
Giddings and Slade in the memorable 
struggle for the right of petition and of 
free speech and did much to arouse pub- 
lic attention to the plans and efforts to 
extend and strengthen slavery. By 
transmitting the address of the World's 
Convention held in 1840 at London under 
his frank to the Governors of Southern 
States he had so exasperated the slave- 
holders that five of those Governors men- 
tioned the fact in their annual messages. 



Nove»raber, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



21' 



and a rich planter in Savannah had of- 
fered a reward of $5,000 for the deUvery 
of the offender, dead or aUve, in that city. 
At the close of the 27th Congress, by 
the request of Mr. Adams, he drew up a 
protest against the annexation of Texas, 
proving that it was a project of the slave- 
holders to extend the area of slavery. 
The paper was signed by many members 
of Congress. 

Such was the man who fathered the 
above action in his home church on se- 
cret societies. 

It was his son, Merrill E. Gates, ex- 
President of Amherst College, who, as 
President of the American Missionary 
Association, was ever honoring his fath- 
er by avowing similar sentiments ; and it 
is he who now as Secretary of the In- 
dian Rights' Association, is still stand- 
ing up for God's lowly poor of whatever 
color or condition. 

Joseph E. Roy. 



PUNISH THE EVIL DOER. 



The prejudice against secret societies, 
while founded on ignorance, is to a cer- 
tain extent justifiable. 

Many persons dislike all oath bound 
societies because they believe them to be 
in sympathy, if not in active co-operation 
with the forces of evil, and we scarcely 
ca.n blame them from thinking so when 
certain black sheep among us are per- 
mitted to retain their membership. 
— Pythian Knight. 

Is not permission to remain, far more 
frequent and probable than punishment ? 



Love is delicate; "love is hurt with jar 
and fret ;" and you might as well expect 
a violin to remain in tune if roughly used 
as love to survive if chilled or driven into 
itself. — Sir John Lubbock. 



When you come to the i)arting of the 
ways read the guide-boards. 



God holds a man responsible for his 
standing capital plus his dividends. 



There is one thing for which the mercy 
of God is waiting — the individual re- 
sponse. 



torn §nt €uh(tnm* 



An exchange says: "The walking 
delegate must walk the plank. So say 
the New York labor unions, who have 
certainly had trouble enough of their 
own from walking delegates. They pro- 
pose in the place of those troublemakers 
to appoint shop stewards. A shop stew- 
ard will be an employe of the concern 
who will work with the men and pre- 
sumably will have a good understand- 
ing with the men and with the employ- 
ers. 



The following outspoken, well-express- 
ed article upon the secret orders occurs 
in the eighth month number of the Farm 
Journal. With a circulation running 
well up into the hundreds of thousands, 
this excellent agricultural monthly is not 
so far overcome by the dictates of appa- 
rent expediency as to forbid the presen- 
tation in its ''Household" columns of a 
topic which ought to be as intrinsically 
interesting for the countryside as manv 
other subjects which claim the attention 
of the Farmers' Institutes. — Josiah W. 
Leeds. 



FARMERS AND FUTURE AMERICANS. 



Secret Societies and I.od'jces. 



BY MARY SIDNEY. 

A reader of the Farm Journal asks, 
"What do you think of the future r.ien 
of America? Do you think it a good 
idea to persuade our boys of twelve 
years to join secret societies, or at any 
age is it best to join lodges?" I wisli 
I had more enthusiasm about the future 
men of America — a more thoroughly 
grounded conviction that they will turn 
out all right. lUu I see no indications 
at present to warrant the belief that iho 
men of the future will be any better qual- 
ified to build homes and to carry on the 
affairs of this great nation than they are 
at present — which, I hope to be excused 
if I add, is not as well as might be, con- 
sidering all the natural advantages of 
this ccnuUrv. 



218 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 



When man was made he was placed in 
a garden where all necessary provision 
had been made for' his life and healtli 
and comfort, and told to dress it and 
keep it. There was no hint given that 
he might filch a living from others who 
were more dihgent than he ; no permis- 
sion was granted for him to grab big 
salaries from overtaxed people, and buy 
up votes to that end with big dinners 
and rum and railroad passes and such 
devices for getting a hand in the flesh- 
pots as now exist ; there was no insinua- 
tion that man might escape providing 
for his own household by joining some 
secret society or lodge or getting his 
life insured and thus get money he had 
not earned. Nothing of the sort was 
suggested, but on the contrary when 
the first man commenced to eat -that 
which was not his to eat, he was cast 
out of this garden of ease and command- 
ed to till the ground from which he was 
taken, and eat his bread in the sweat 
of his face for the rest of his life. 

Mankind is ^trying very hard to get 
away from this decree of the Creator. 
He doesn't want to till the ground, and 
he won't if he can help it. He grasps 
at easy work, few hours, fine clothes, 
good feed and pleasant places. He will 
lie and steal and cheat and murder for 
the sake of getting a living somehow 
besides tilling the ground for it. He 
will walk the earth as a peddler or agent, 
and try to get you to buy worthless 
stocks and bonds for his benefit. He 
wants you to get a picture enlarged, an 
umbrella mended, or your spectacles 
changed ; he will buy gum shoes, rags, 
bones, and would almost turn you into 
soap-fat rather than sweat in the field 
and produce the things he must eat to 
live. If he knows himself, the American 
man won't sweat. As the Indian said 
when he first sav/ one on a bicycle, 
''x'Vmelican man heap lazy — he sits down 
to walk." 

But even this style of locomotion has 
grown too much like work for him, and 
now he has to have an automobile, with 
rubber tires, to smoothly and quietly 
transport him, all cool and clean in 
starched shirt and creased trousers, 
about the country to frighten women 



and children off the roads and horses 
out of their wits, and to play havoc gen- 
erally. The modern man is growing to 
be a terror. 

Of all inventions to entice the super- 
ficial thinker, the secret society stands 
out most prominent. It sounds so con- 
siderate for your welfare to be told that 
by paying a mere pittance a week these 
good brothers of the order will stand 
by you when you are sick, will bury 
you when you are dead, and provide for 
your widow, and save you the trouble of 
laying up anything for her. If this isn't 
lovely, what is ? It is a bait so tempting 
that the average man can not resist. But 
when he gets sick he finds that they are 
not overly anxious to sit up at nights 
with him and pay over the money they 
have promised for such cases ; and if he 
stays sick longer than is polite for a 
secret society man to do, they squirm 
considerably, and invent many reasons 
for not paying up, and even belabor the 
doctors for not curing incurable cases 
right off. The most popular and best- 
liked men of the secret society is the 
one who doesn't get sick. The secret 
society in all its forms is an abomination 
on the face of the earth. It is anti- 
Christian and directly in opposition to 
the declaration of the Savior, ''Ye are 
the light of the world" and "Let your 
light so shine before men that they may 
see your good works." To clothe good 
works vv^th secrecy behind locked doors 
is like placing a lighted candle under a 
bushel that prevents its giving light to 
all that are in the house. That parent 
who persuades the child of twelve years, 
or of any age, to join secret societies 
is teaching him to -try to get more than 
he earns. The only object in joining 
is that he may get out more than he 
puts in should sickness or misfortune 
overtake him. If he could be taught to 
save his money and to keep it at his own 
command he would be on a surer road to 
independent manhood, and be able to 
pay his own doctor and nurse — the most 
honorable way to do. That man who 
has no money at his disposal, who places 
all his surplus earnings in lodges and 
life insurance and such things that take 
it where he can not get it back entire 



November, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



219 



in case of necessity, is crippling himself 
for the future, and don't forget it, the 
time will come, and maybe sooner than 
he expects, when he will wish he hadn't. 
Men's eyes open slowly, but they do 
open. 

The country needs more genuine man- 
ly independence, more who are willing 
to live within their means, humbly if 
needs be, and lay up something for a 
rainy day. The beneficial organization 
is calculated to increase extravagance, 
to augment that don't-care-if-I-do- 
spend-all-my-earnings sentiment, I will 
be taken care of any way. 

Let the boys be taught to rely on their 
own exertions to supply their wants, 
and the girls to be helpful and saving 
and not to marry those who are so im- 
provident as to have to depend on some 
society for support during a term of sick- 
ness. I have known of men who spent 
almost every evening away from home, 
they were members of so many societies 
and clubs, and the wives and children 
had to pass the time without their com- 
pany. The lodge man is almost a 
stranger at home, and if I were his wife 
I would invite him to find board and 
washing elsewhere. The man who has 
no time to spend with his family has 
no business to marry. What cheek a 
man must have who asks a woman to 
marry him simply to be his cook, his 
washerwoman and his nurse. If he 
cioesn't need her companionship, let him 
stay single. 

The farmer of all men should shun 
things that have a tendency to alienate 
him from his family. Farm life is the 
most happy of any life, if there is unity 
at home ; but with the head of the house 
on the wing, and the wife at home alone, 
cooking and scrubbing and waiting on 
his laborers, and caring for the children, 
she leads a life that will sooner or later 
injure her health, and make of her any- 
thing but the bright, attractive woman 
she once was. The secret society and 
lodge are not good for any one, but are 
particularly bad for farmers— bad for the 
farmer for the reason that they take him 
away from his home in the evenings. 

just when he is most needed there. 
—Farm Journal. 



UNION LABOR ON FARMS. 



The organizers of labor from manufac- 
turing centers have penetrated the farm- 
ing districts of the Middle West and have 
succeeded in massing the "hired hands"" 
that work on farms in an iron-clad union. 
The wages demanded are from $2 to $3 
per day. The rules are numerous, and 
they all bind the employing farmer. In 
harvest-time he is forbidden to let a reap- 
er or mower be driven by his minor sons 
or by his daughter or wife, under penalty 
of being boycotted as an ''unfair" em- 
ployer of scab labor, and having his prod- 
uct followed into the market, where its 
freedom of sale is to be obstructed. Va- 
rious kinds of work now done on farms 
by the families of farmers are claimed as 
''belonging to the union," and the owners 
of the farms are forbidden to do it them- 
selves or have it done by their families. 
The employment of non-union hired 
hands is forbidden, and the union hands 
propose not only to fix their own wages 
but to largely deprive the owners of 
farms of their right of control of their 
own property. These hired men's unions 
have been formed by agents of Mr. Gom- 
pers' American Federation of Labor. It 
has dawned upon the Federation that the 
8,000,000 farmers in the United States are 
the most numerous class of employers in 
the country, and, according to the philos- 
ophy of the leaders of the Federation, by 
the compulsory fixing of an eight-hour 
day on the farms and denying to the 
farmer and his family the right to do 
nearly all the work they habitually do 
now, there will be made a large number 
of places for laborers, and a considerable 
part of the enormous foreign immigratio:: 
we are receiving can be immediately 
unionized and employed on American 
farms, to the exclusion of the native la- 
bor born on the farms. The officers of 
the Federation who have made this or- 
ganization present statistics which they 
profess to have gathered, according to 
which the farmers have been making a 
profit of $5 to $8 on every $1.90 they have 
paid for hired help in raising and market- 
ing an acre of wheat. These statistics 
will be a surprise to farmers in some sec- 
tions of the country where all the profits 
of an acre of wheat seldom equal the 



"220 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 



smaller of the two sums. 

This movement finds the farmers un- 
organized and less capable of organized 
resistance than other classes of business 
men. They are producing perishable 
property which must be planted, tilled 
and harvested, and made safe at the 
proper time; or it means the loss of a 
whole season. Being forbidden to do 
much of this work for themselves, and 
denied the right of hiring whom they 
please, it is easy to see that the Federa- 
tion organizers have aimed their cam- 
paign at that one occupation in our in- 
dustrial field where it seems most certain 
of victory. Heretofore the farmers have 
read with indiiTerence of the union labor 
•campaign in cities and manufacturing 
•districts, or have been in sympathy with 
the purposes of the Federation as under- 
stood by them. It remains to be seen 
whether that condition of indifference or 
sympathy will survive this application of 
the system to their own business. 
— S. F. Call, June 23, 1903, in the Signs of 

tbe Times. 



MACCABEES. 



GOOD SENSE AND GOOD LAW. 




The following from Judge Blair, of 
Jersey City, N. J., is both good law and 
good sense, and should be followed by 
other judges in like cases. A union labor 
man was prosecuted before Judge Blair 
for assaulting a non-union labor man be- 
cause he chose to do the work which the 
union man refused to do. He was found 
guilty and sentenced to six months in the 
penitentiary and to pay $ioo fine. In de- 
livering the sentence, the judge said: 

'Tf you stood alone in this matter, 
the court might be inclined to leniency, 
but you represent a body of men who con- 
sider themselves above the law. The 
right to labor must be secured as guar- 
anteed by the law. The practice of per- 
sons considering themselves superior to 
the law and trampling upon the rights of 
others is becoming too common. Men 
who want to labor honestly should be 
protected. The only grievance you had 
against this man was that he was a labor- 
er, and you assaulted him, in spite of the 
fact that the Constitution guarantees him 

that right and happiness in its pursuit." 
—The Cliristian Conservator, Aug. 5, 1903. 



Mr. Editor — I asked some questions 
of our friends the Maccabees in regard 
to the order. Though a communication 
appeared in the last two numbers of your 
paper, some three columns in length I 
fail to see in it a reply to my questions. 
It would appear that they try to pose be- 
fore the public as an insurance associa- 
tion principally. In that case, I would 
ask, are there not a multiplicity of insur- 
ance companies, fully as stable and re- 
liable as any secret or fraternal asso- 
ciation? What need of joining a secret 
order and taking unnecessary or unbib- 
lical oaths which no real Christian will 
take ? This element of secrecy, condemn- 
ed by the Savior of Man, is utterly ig- 
nored in the reply of ''A Maccabee," and 
yet this is a most important point. No 
Christian, who lives true to his professed 
principles and in intimate communion 
with God can belong to any secret order. 
Such orders stand utterly condemned by 
Scripture, are of the world and will per- 
ish with it. ''A Maccabee" also utterly 
ignores my second question in regard to 
the ofBcers. I find a disclaimer by Mr. 
Sooy and Dr. Van den Berg in the pa- 
per stating that neither is a member of 
,the Zeeland Tent, and Mr. Sooy says 
"therefore could not be an officer there- 
of." Hence the Zeeland Tent is guilty 
of false pretense and after the disclaim- 
er, still persisting in such false pretense. 
That is a fine performance for a society 
based on "the highest Christian princi- 
ples !" Again I ask who of all the of- 
ficers named professes "the highest Chris- 
tian principles" and seeks honestly to 
live up to them? "A Maccabee" also ig- 
nores my third question or answers it 
negatively. In fact he acknowledges that 
the order does not propose to extend its 
charities on the basis of the "highest 
Christian Principles," nor even on the 
broad humanitarian basis of the State, to 
all that need assistance. In fact it shuts 
them all out as I before stated. A man 
must pass a physical examination before 
a physician before he can be admitted. 
If he is able-bodied, if he have a trade 
or craft so he can earn his living and 
pay his dues, why the order will take 
him in, and then if he ever should hap- 



November, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



221 



pen to need aid or leave his family des- 
titute, then the order will, perhaps, as- 
sist him or them. "Perhaps," I say, for 
at this moment, at Cannonsburg, Pa., the 
order having tried to dodge payment of 
$3,000 to a widow on a technicality, now 
stands as defendant in a court of justice 
to compel it to live up to its self-im- 
posed duty. I repeat, that women, chil- 
dren, the aged and the crippled, the very 
classes needing assistance, sympathy and 
care, are shut out fro^m this order. As 
an association they do nothing for them 
but leave them to the church or the tend- 
er mercies of the eleemosynary laws. To 
say that "being a Maccabee does not hin- 
der a man from giving all he can to a 
good cause," is simple begging the ques- 
tion. We are not talking of what a man, 
be he Maccabee or not, may, or can do in 
that line. But what the order does, and 
whom it reaches, that is the proposition. 
And then it is clear as the noonday sun 
that it is a combination of the strong and 
healthy for aiding their own, and not 
the helpless and weak around them. 
Therefore it is a selfish, utterly selfish 
combination, and could we know its se- 
crets we should perhaps have to add a 
wicked conspiracy. Again "A Maccabee" 
proves himself a true secret order man 
as he burrows in the dark and hides his 
name. And, while he makes free with 
my name, carefully covers his own under 
a miserable nom cle plume. Nay he even 
makes a mockery of me by asking me to 
join his order while he should know that 
its very rules shut me out. Again "A 
Maccabee" appeals to a scriptural pre- 
cedent and from a special dispensation 
of Providence tries to deduce a general 
rule of conduct. I am enjoined by Scrip- 
ture to be diligent and labor for the sup- 
port of myself and those dependent on 
me. If I do this and God blesses me 
to such an extent that if I die, those I 
leave behind will not be dependent, well 
and good. But I am not enjoined to rear 
my children in idleness. They too must 
learn to labor and seek to take care of 
themselves. But if T have done my duty 
according to the Word of (iod, then 
should I die that God will see that my 
wife and children do not suffer for He 
has bidden me to leave them to Him and 
let them trust in Him. And that is a 



trust that will not fail, as does the Can- 
nonsburg, Pa., Tent of Maccabees. Pie 
asks me if in such an event I could be 
satisfied in Heaven, and I reply, yes, sir! 
most certainly. But had I wasted my 
substance in riotous living, in paying dues 
to secret orders to be spent largely in 
vain show and useless foolery, if I had 
carried my earnings to the saloon as 
thousands of secret order men do, or 
had blown it away in tobacco smoke from 
mouth and nose and made myself a 
stench to the pure and the decent, then 
I should not be satisfied in Heaven, for 
I should not expect to get there. 

C. Van Loo. 
— Zeeland (^Mieli.) Record. 



GREEK LETTER POLITICS. 



The Springfield Weekly Republican 
of August 14, said : 

"Perhaps for the first time, college 
Greek letter fraternities became an issue 
of American politics in the recent Demo- 
cratic primaries of Mississippi. Candi- 
dates for the Legislature were asked to 
pledge themselves to vote to prohibit all 
such societies in institutions aided finan- 
cially by the State. The complaint was 
that they introduce and foster in Mis- 
sissippi a system of aristocracy and caste 
offensive to that 'pure democracy' for 
which Mississippi has always been cele- 
brated. 

"The humor of such a movement, on 
anti-aristocratic lines, was doubtless lost 
upon voters who are so determined to 
keep down the blacks that they contem- 
plate denying to them the opportunity 
for a little schooling." 



A MASON AFTER ALL. 



During the last election for President 

of the P^rench Republic, the candidature 

of M. Brisson was strongly opposed by 

the clerical party on the ground that he 

was a Freemason, and on this account 

they voted for Faure, who was elected 

They did not know, of course, that theii 

choice was an old member of the order, 

and also a Past Master. 
—Missouri Freemason. 



222 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November. 1903. 



3o\m from tlie?050e» 



NO DECISION. 



Tlie Grand Master of Masons in New 
Mexico, in bis annual address at a recent 
meeting of the Grand Lodge over v^hich he 
presided, made the most surprising state- 
ment that, "I have not been asked during 
my term of office to render a decision," and 
the committee on the Grand Master's ad- 
dress reported "it speaks well for the 
knowledge of the craft in general." If an- 
other instance of this kind ever occurred it 
has escaped the notice of the writer. De- 
cisions are generally numbered by scores 
in the address of Grand Masters.— Masonic 
Trowel. 

Will Masons themselves ever under- 
stand JVlasonry or agree in their ideas ? 



LODGE STATISTICS. 



The growth of fraternal orders is phe- 
nomenal. During the year 1899 the net 
increase, as reported by the Committee 
on Statistics of the National Fraternal 
Congress, was 479,393, nearly half a million. 
The total membership of the forty-seven or- 
ders in the Congress was 2,669,649. Should 
the membership of the great benevolent or- 
ders be added to this, the number would 
run far up into the millions. Odd Fellowship 
having over a million. Freemasonry about 
a million and Knights of Pythias half a 
million, and these organizations are still 
growing.— O. F. Companion, Jan., 1901. 

The Fraternal Congress consists of In- 
surance Orders. 



A LOUD SHOUT. 



Some of the wealthiest men of the coun- 
try carry fraternal insurance. They know 
its value as a protection to their loved ones 
against want in the event all others fail. 
Fraternity is stronger than Gibralter, and 
safer than riches.— C. S. H., in The Knight. 

This is the first news of the collapse 
of Gibralter. As to the safety of riches, 
that is another item of news rather too 
good to believe. We can give C. S. H. a 
rather remarkable list of insurance so- 
cieties of the fraternal type that resem- 
ble only that part of Gibralter which is 
submerged even at low tide. 



When sorrow becomes our sacrament 
we find the pierced hand with us at the 
table. 



FREEMASONRY HAMPERED. 



Freemasonry of the present day is hamp- 
ered by peculiarities which ought to have 
been eliminated many years ago, but ow- 
ing to the conservatism which every Ma- 
son is taught to believe is one of the foun- 
dation stones of our Temple, it has been 
found impossible to effect a radical change. 
Changes have been made, however, and are 
being made continually, changes that sol- 
emn promises, vows or obligations are im- 
potent to prevent, changes that education 
coupled • with common sense demand shall 
be made even if it requires the reconstruc- 
tion of the entire system, or rather systems 
of Freemasonry.— Missouri Freemason. 

This is inside criticism. 



EVER LIVING PROTEST. 



The Tyler, of Detroit, has made up its 
mind that "Freemasonry is Protestantism— an 
ever- living protest against paganism, poperj- 
and paternalism." This would sound good in 
a Twelfth of July oration. — Toronto Free- 
mason. 

How can Masonry protest against 
paganism if it adopts pagan ideas and 
principles, places pagan books on its al- 
tars in pagan countries to be sworn upon 
as the Bible is in Christian lands, and 
makes pagans lodge chaplains ? How does 
it protest against Romanism? Roman- 
ism protests against it. What has Ma- 
sonry to do, theoretically or practically, 
with the subject of paternalism? Against 
what, more than Protestantism, is Ma- 
sonry by its deism and scrupulous rejec- 
tion of what is Christian, an ever living 
protest ? 



KNIGHTS LOY^L A SOCIAL COMPANY 



Leavenworth Company, No. 9, Knights 
Loyal, Knights of Pythias, is being reorgan- 
ized on lines somewhat different than here- 
tofore. It will be more of a social organi- 
zation than before, and more attention will 
be given to this feature, possibly, than to 
drills and counter marchings, though these 
will not be discontinued. Already twenty 
names have been placed on the roster, and 
Captain John A. Franks and Lieutenant 
Dolde and Shackleford say they feel confi- 
dent they will have sixty before they stop. 
There will be another meeting of the com- 
pany next Thursday night at S. C. Garrett's 
office at the corner of Sixth and Cherokee 
streets.— Leavenworth Chronicle. 

Does that mean that it will give more 
dances and card parties ? 



November, 1903. 



CHRIiSTIAN OYNOSUJaE. 



liiS 223 



CAN'T RESURRECT THEM. 



Much is being written and spoken by 
members of the Order about the great 
drain upon the membership by suspen- 
sions for non-payment of dues. What 
has been written would make volumes if 
gathered in book form, and yet the ques- 
tion of loss by this means is as far from 
solution as when first noted. Suggestions 
of this, that and the other remedy to stop 
it have been made, and yet the number 
has not been lessened to any extent. All 
fraternal organizations are troubled with 
this in about equal proportions, about the 

annual ''round up." 
—Pythian Knight. 

The remedy is to stop initiating people 

capable of knowing when they have been 

liumbugged. 



A. AND A. S. RITE. 



All the degrees, from the fourth to the 
thirty-second, in the A. and A. S. Rite of 
Freemasonry, were conferred on a class of 
nineteen, at the Cathedral, last week, com- 
mencing on Tuesday, April 9, and ending the 
Friday evening following. Much credit is 
due the several officers, who, at great per- 
sonal sacrifices, carried forward the work. 
They have a reward, however, In the con- 
sciousness that they have assisted materi- 
ally in developing an additional interest in 
this most beautiful and instructive branch 
of Freemasonry. Having no disposition to 
decry other branches of the greatest of all 
fraternities, we feel that the Scottish Rite 
is entitled to greater consideration than it 
has 3'et received at the hands of Missouri 
Masons and hope that the work of last week 
may give impetus to the newly awakened in- 
terest—Missouri Freemason. 

By what had this newly awakened in- 
terest been put to sleep ? 



A PRIEST ON FREE MASONRY. 



We cut the follovvme^ from the Tvler, 
a Masonic organ : 

An eminent Catholic priest writes the New 
York Sun a long letter in explanation of the 
reasons of Catholic opposition to the order 
of Freemasons. This opposition is based 
upon the fact that Freemasonry professes 
by means of symbolical language and cer- 
tain ceremonies of initiation and promotion 
to lay down a code of morality founded on 
the brotherhood of humanity only. The war 
against the Catholic church in Germany had 



no more bitter supporters than Freemason- 
ry; the promoters of the anti-Catholic legis- 
lation were nearly all Freemasons. In 
France and Belgium, he says, the lodges 
have specially commanded their members 
to assist the leagues whose purpose is to 
bring about the complete secularization of 
the primary public schools. English-speak- 
ing Freemasons, this priest concedes, usu- 
ally disown for their order any aims but 
those of a social and mutual benefit society, 
but "Catholics see that indifferentism in re- 
ligion is one of the necessary results of En- 
glish-speaking Masonry at its best," and he 
concludes his explanation of the hostility of 
the Catholic church by saying: 

"The Catholic church renounces Freema- 
sonry as essentially opposed to the belief in 
the personality of God, whose name in the 
Masonic rituals veils the doctrine of blind 
force only governing the universe; as also 
essentially subversive of legitimate authori- 
ty, by professing to furnish man an all- 
sufficient guide and thus helping to make 
him independent of the church, and because 
by its everywhere ridiculing rank and au- 
thority it tends, in spite of its protests of 
loyalty, to bring all government into con- 
tempt." 



qualifications; 



Physical qualifications seem to be a 
subject of much importance in our juris- 
diction, as well as elsewhere. Many in- 
quiries have been received as to the law 
in Iowa covering this point, hence we 
quote herewith so much of the code as 
refers to the same which is quite plain : 

"Sec. 285. Physical Qualifications — 
Who Eligible to Degrees. — A man to 
be eligible to the degrees must be able 
to conform to all the ceremonies re- 
quired in the work and practice of Ma- 
sonry with his natural person. No sub- 
stitution of artificial parts or limbs is 
a compliance with the law. Tlie loss of 
a hand or foot is an absolute disqualifica- 
tion ; other deformities may or may not 
be, depending upon the nature and ex- 
tent. Masters and lodges will be held 
strictly accountable for the observance 
of this rule. Except where the disquali- 
fication is absolute, the lodge has a dis- 
cretion, which must be exercised with 
prudence." 

The question is frequently asked "how 



224 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



November, 1903. 



can our lodge purchase and hold prop- 
erty, not being an incorporated body 
and knowing the Grand Lodge Code 
forbids the incorporation of lodges?" 
We beg to call attention to sections 99 
and 100 of the Masonic Code showing 
that the lodges can purchase propert)^ 
retain and control the same through a 
Board of Trustees, and transact all busi- 
ness connected therewith the same as 
would an incorporated body, and in sev- 
eral respects such trustees have an ad- 
vantage over an incorporated body. 

The above is from the Quarterly Bul- 
letin of the Masonic Library of Iowa for 
November, 1899, and agrees with the 
threat made to a subordinate lodge in 
New Hampshire, that, if it initiated a 
townsman who had lost his hand, its 
charter would be taken away. 



MASONIC OPTIMISM, 



Another church has been reiterating its 
antagonism to all secret societies, and Ma- 
sonry in particular. Amid a cyclone of or- 
atory, the Augustana Synod of the Swedish 
Lutheran Cliurch, in session at Jamestown, 
N. Y., last month, denounced Masonry as un- 
christian and dangerous to the public. Fol- 
lowing in the footsteps of the United Presby- 
terians, some venturesome member of the 
synod endeavored to secure a revision of 
the constitution so as to permit the admis- 
sion to the church of members of secret so- 
cieties. In spite of the fact that neither this 
attempt nor any similar one made this year 
has accomplished its object, the very fact 
of a struggle over the question bespeaks a 
desire for greater liberality in such matters, 
however abortive any such movement may 
prove. Some day one of these churches, 
now so strenuously opposing Masonry, will 
surprise itself by finding in its annual as- 
sembly a body of men sufficiently broad- 
minded to do away with its narrow consti- 
tutional limitations regarding secret socie- 
ties. We venture the prophecy that once 
such a step is taken the church will find it 
exceedingly hard to recede. The movement 
must come some time — is bound to come, 
even to those who most violently oppose us 
now. — Amer. Tyler. 

Probably the Tyler expects to see the 
Cynosure become a Masonic organ. 



Where God is, we may find a teacher 
and a school house. 



MODERN SECRET SOCIETIES 

By Charles A. Blaachard, D. D., Pres. Wheaton Collese. 

FEATURES OF THE BOOIC 

An important isubject clearly 
and comprehensively handled. 
Is kindly in tone, is divided into 
short, interesting chapters, and 
is admirably adapted to aid busy 
people. It answers the q.uestion, 
what Jesus would have one do. 

The Christian Endeavor 
WoKLD calls it : 

''AN ILLUMINATING BOOK/' 

Plan of the Work : Part First 
answers objections, and clears 
away the obstacles to a candid 
consideration of the question. 
Part Second treats of Free- 
masonry as the key to the whole subject. Part 
Third relates to subsidiary orders — industrial, 
insurance, temperance and other lodges. Part 
Fourth considers important questions grow- 
ing out of this discussion, such as: "What Do 
Lodge Burials Teach?" "Does Opposition to 
Lodges Injure the Persons or Churches that Of- 
fer It? " " The Duty of the Hour," etc. 

300 pages ; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. Ad- 
dress all orders to 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N, 

221 W. Madison St.. 
Chicago, Ills. 






of 




f 



ILLUSTRATED. 



The Complete Revised Official Ritual' 
of tlie Beneficiary and Fraternal De- 
grees, Including tlie Unwritten or- 
Secret "Work, ann tJ3.e Installation 
and Funeral Ceremonies, -witb. tb.e; 
Odes and Hymas of th.e Order. 

s^ent JPostpaidl ±<>r 2S Oents- 

ato. u. w: 



POSTPAID, 10 CENTS 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouchedi 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A. 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 




* A * 





I' 



221 W. Madison St., Chicago, Ul. 





"Jcsns answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing," John 18:20. 



VOLUME XXXVI. 



CHICAGO, DECEMBER, 1903. 



NUMBER 8. 



THE CHRISTIAN CYNOSIRE 

OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE 

^NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
221 West Madison St., Chicago 



Entered at the Post Office, Chicag-o, 111., as second" 
•class matter. 

The New Jersey Anti-Secret State 
Convention will be held December 7 and 
^8, 1903, in the First Christian Reformed 
Church of Passaic, New Jersey. The 
church is easy of access by street car lines, 
and all friends from abroad are assured a 
cordial welcome. 



Do not fail to read the account of the 
many meetings that have been held dur- 
ing the past month, and note the univer- 
sal feeling of pastors and friends' as to the 
good results. We are sure that the friends 
in New Jersey have not forgotten the 
meeting of last year. We know that they 
appreciate the earnest efforts and faithful 
services of our Eastern Agent. Write 
him at Passaic, New Jersey, general de- 
livery, and pray for him and the coming 
Convention. 



The readers of our magazine have no- 
ticed some strong articles criticizing both 
the Catholic and the Mormon Churches. 
The reason why these articles are espe- 
cially in place in the Christian Cynosure 
is this, that the ]\Iasonic order is no more 
truly a secret political power, seeking to 
control the civil aft'airs of this country, 
than are the two churches referred to. 
Each requires supreme allegiance to it- 
self ; each of these three powers are se- 
cretly striving for political supremacy in 
this country. 



When the Chicago Inter-Ocean called 
attention to the fact that more than half 
of the Public school teachers of this city 
were Catholics, and a large majority of 
the policemen and firemen were also 
Catholics, it also pointed out the fact that 
many other civil offices were filled by 
members of the same church. It called at- 
tention to the fact that no minority sect 
could have such a majority of the plums 
in the gift of the citizens without a se- 
cret, continuous effort being made to that 
end. The New York City papers have 
shown that the same conditions prevail in 
that and other large cities. Any one 
studying the political condition at the 
county seats in the country will find that 
Masons, though a small minority of the 
population, have the political control of 
the country offices, as Catholics of the 
city. There would be 'no objection to 
Catholics or others openly seeking what 
they believe to be for the best interests of 
the country, but there is great objection, 
under democratic institutions, to secret 
cabals seeking to control the destinies of 
the nation. 



OUR MAGAZINE. 



This number, being the closing one of 
the year, is a suitable one in which to 
consider the service rendered by the as- 
sociational organ. It stands as the leader 
of journals, partly or wholly devoted to 
anti-secret reform, and, among agencies 
of all kinds having this aim, vindicates 
the appropriateness of its name by actu- 
ally being a cynosure. 

It provides information serviceable to 
those interested in the subject and need- 
ing confirmation or equipment. It fur- 
nishes both facts and methods for work- 
ers. Those long active can find at least 
sympathy and the sense of comradeship, 



226 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1908. 



in its own work and its reports of field 
work and conventions. Newer recruits 
get testimonies of seceders, facts and 
principles they need to learn, checks sav- 
ing them from errors incident to inex- 
perience, impulse and direction inciting 
and guiding their own service. 

Inquirers uncertain whether to join, 
can be referred to these columns for help 
in settling their important practical ques- 
tion. From the Cynosure list they can 
learn of literature available for informa- 
tion. None of us know how many may 
have been put on their guard against 
lodge solicitation by happening upon the 
Cynosure. 

It is the medium through which men 
of ripe experience and information com- 
municate knowledge of its special theme. 
They have long studied and reflected 
upon secrecy, and have tested themselves 
in the campaign. Probably almost every 
writer who contributes much matter to 
the magazine might be called a specialist 
in his subject ; familiar at least with cer- 
tain vital facts and principles, in a de- 
gree which renders him an authority. 

Thus the Cynosure gives its constitu- 
ency, together with its more casual read- 
ers, such service as a leader of its kind, 
a teacher, and an experienced guide and 
specialist can bring. 

• The church, often silent as to direct 
condemnation of the lodge, though not 
silent as to teaching antagonistic in ef- 
fect, is guarded by this pointedly out- 
spoken champion. Truth perverted, ob- 
scured or denied is here reaflirmed ; error 
is exposed ; and the church, assailed and 
opposed by the lodge — either outspoken- 
ly or covertly and in effect — is justified, 
honored and defended. 

What the public, and the government 
assailed by secret organizations traitorous 
in tendency, may have received through 
circulation of information; what bubbles 
may have been collapsed,, what advertis- 
ing of secrecy may have been checked and 
dampened, we do not attempt to esti- 
mate. To guard, impel, restrain and 
guide, to serve and to defend, to shine 
into darkness and herald the day, to cheer 
and strengthen the pilgrim and guide 
aright the wanderer, is the secret of light 
in this pole star of reform. May its ser- 
vice be . multiplied in the months of the 
coming year. 



Save the copies of the Cynosure begin- 
ning with the November number. Many 
will wish to reread 'The King's Cham- 
pion," by Miss Hinman, after the story 
is finished, which will be some time in 
1904. Call the attention of the young 
people to the story. It will interest them, 
especially when the hero determines to 
Jay aside for a time his college professor- 
ship and learn the condition of working 
men at first hand. Make some friend a 
New Year's present of the Cynosure for 
1904. 



. Rev. R. W. Chestnut is doing some 
work for the National Christian Associa- 
tion in this community (Old Bethel, 111.), 
and may hold a convention. He present- 
ed the subject in the Old Bethel Church 
on the afternoon of the second Sabbath of 
November. 
— Reformed Presbyterian Standard. 



The Spring Arbor Seminary, located 
at Spring Arbor, Michigan, about eighty 
miles west of Detroit, is an institution 
which is opposed to the lodge and advo- 
cates a clean, spiritual Christianity. The 
institution is under the control of the 
Free Methodist Church, but young peo- 
ple of all shades of religious belief are re- 
ceived. Rev. David S. Warner is the 
principal. 



CRUEL SWINDLING. 



A Massachusetts newspaper says : 
"Postmaster General Payne has been 
forced to pronounce the 'Ex-Slave Mutual 
Relief Bounty and Pension Association' a 
barefaced fraud. It is all of that, and it 
is one of the cruelest swindles ever attempt- 
ed. Most of the ex-slaves are poor and their 
families are poor. Any croAvd of men who 
would deliberately extort money from them 
for the impossible plan of getting an ex-slave 
pension law through Congress deserves to 
spend the rest of their life with a chain- 
gang, breaking rocks on the highways. 

Such a fraud is more barefaced, and 
more completely and universally a swin- 
dle than assessment insurance, or what 
is called fraternal insurance. Some of 
the victims do, in the latter case, get at 
least part of their money back. But the 
cruel effect in uncounted instances is not 
wholly unlike. 



Decembe^r, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



227 



NOT CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



A silver cup valued at one hundred 
and fifty dollars, was won as a prize for 
exemplification of Encampment degree, 
during the presence of the Grand Lodge 
of Oddfellows at Baltimore in September, 
by Cynosure Lodge, of Syracuse. 



"POWERFUL INFLUENCES." 



President Roosevelt has lately pardon- 
ed a criminal imprisoned for embezzle- 
ment; one of the famous ''good men" 
composing the secret clan. The Boston 
Herald says that the man pardoned "was 
very popular in secret societies," and it 
also said that ''owing to powerful in- 
fluences, he was not tried or sentenced 
for some time." After being pardoned, 
he came home from prison to receive "en- 
thusiastic reception from a large party." 
He was a high officer among the Red 
Men, and, as he was "very popular in 
secret societies," one of the others was, 
very likely, the Masonic, under the obli- 
gation of which the president, also, has 
rather recently come. 



INSTEAD OF A SHOVEL, 



Geo. Horace Lorimer, author of "A 
Self-j\Iade Merchant's Letters to His 
Son," has another copyright series of a 
similar sort in the Evening Post, entitled 
"Old Gorgon Graham." In the letter 
published October 31st, John Graham 
writes from Carlsbad to his son Pierre- 
pont at Union Stock Yards, Chicago, who 
wants the place made vacant by the death 
of the head of the lard department. 

"I've cabled the house that you will 
manage the lard department, or try to, 
until I get back ; but beyond that I can't 
see. 

He gives the young man a letter of 
counsel, in which, after a while, he comes 
to this point : "The first banana skin 
which a lot of fellows step on when 
they're put over other men, is a desire 
to be popular." He proceeds to discuss 
this until he runs up against a reminis- 
cence, which uses up pretty much all the 
rest of the writing paper devoted to the 
occasion. It is the story of two under- 



takers, one of whom met his friends rath- 
er too sympathetically, and "would but- 
tonhole you on the street and allow, that, 
while he wasn't a doctor, he had had to 
cover up a good many of the doctor's 
mistakes in his time, and he didn't just 
like your symptoms. Said your looks re- 
minded him of Bill Shorter, who went oflf 
sudden in the fifties and was buried by 
the Masons with a brass band." 



v . > V' 



REV. JAMES ROWE, 
Pastor Garfield Park M. E. Church. ' 
"I believe their influence bad, destruc- 
tive of church and home. Men become 
satisfied with the religion of the lodge 
and have no relish for the church ; you 
need not go outside of my own parish to 
verify this statement." 

REV. F. V. MOSLANDER, 

Pastor First Congregational Church, 
Wheaton, 111. 
"Lodge religion is Christless. Its 
members have little use for the church. 
I have sometimes been called upon to 
officiate at funerals when the churcli 
would be packed with lodge members, 
who would not attend again until the next 
funeral." 

REV. WM. KELSEY, 

Pastor First Free Methodist' Church, Ev- 

anston. 

"Secrecy cannot bear the light and is 
based upon the principles of moral dark- 
ness. 

"The lodge interferes with a man's ob- 
ligations to his family, is contrary to the 
marriage covenant, also to the words of 
Jesus, who said, 'And they twain shall be 
one flesh.' Secrecy is opposed to good 
government, both in church and state. 
It is anti-Christian because it professes 
a religion without a Christ. It is un- 
scriptural and its tendency is to corrupt 
the church, state and national govern- 
ment." 

REV. J. D. MATHIAS. 

Pastor German Evangelical Lutheran 

Church, Evanston. 

"We admit no oath-bound secretists to 
our fellowship. We think it unscriptur- 
al. One needs to read only the first ps^lm 
to be convinced that Bible teaching con- 
flicts with the practice of secret orders/* 



228 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



iontribultotts* 



SENATOR (?) SMOOT. 



BY J. M. HITCHCOCK. 



Every one must be interested in the 
future of Utah's senator. Few seem to 
doubt that he was the choice of the elec- 
tors of that commonwealth. Protests to 
his holding this high office, and petitions 
for his expulsion, upon grounds other 
than that of his legal election, will doubt- 
less be presented to Congress. 

Certain routine formalities will be 
gone through with for the sake of ap- 
pearance, as well as for fulfilling legal 
requirements, but it is not difficult to de- 
vine the outcome. Prima facie evidence 
that Smoot is or has been himself a poly- 
g-amist seems to be wanting. 

The charge brought against him by 
those opposed to his holding a seat in 
the United States Congress is that as an 
apostle of the Mormon propaganda he 
assumed obligations and took oaths in- 
imical to the government, which as a 
citizen he is sworn to support, thereby 
disqualifying him for senatorial duties. 

To the recent testimony acquired re- 
specting the Smoot case, may be added 
volumes of damaging evidence from 
Utah's courts years ago, showing that the 
administration of the Mormon hierarchy 
is incompatible with our federal govern- 
ment. 

It is known that in the early days at 
Nauvoo there were Masonic lodges com- 
posed exclusively of Mormons, working 
under special dispensation; and the sta- 
tistics show that there was a time when 
ihey had a majority of members of that 
order in the State. Beside, there is evi- 
dence that some of the Mormon and 
Masonic work was so intermingled that it 
was difficult to differentiate between 
them. It is quite enough to know that 
the tap root out of which the poisonous 
stem and malignant and deadly fruits 
have come was and is the common root 
of an iron-clad, oath-bound, secret or- 
ganization with pains and penalties for 
revealing secrets. 

The damaging ordeal through which 
the Mormon church, with its mystical 



Endowment House annex,, went in 1889 
may not be within the easy recall of our 
readers. The occasion for the X-rays be- 
ing turned upon those hidden mysteries 
was that of John Moon and others, in 
the matter of their application to become 
citizens of the United States. The charge 
was made by those who objected to their 
^application for citizenship that they were 
members of the Mormon church, and 
that they had gone through the Endow- 
ment House of that church, and there had 
taken an obligation incompatible with the 
oath of citizenship. 

We are indebted to the Deseret 
Semi- weekly News, the official organ of 
the Mormon church, under dates Novem- 
ber 23 and 30, 1889, for the record of 
the trial, evidence, etc., as brought out 
in the district court for the Third Judi- 
cial District of the Territory of Utah, 
Judge Thomas A. Anderson presiding. 
Many witnesses testified to having gone 
through the Endowment House. They 
testified that penalties were attached to 
revealing signs, grips and pass words, 
and that the penalty for disclosing these 
secret ceremonies was having the tongue 
cut out, throat cut from ear to ear, right 
hand forfeited, being disembowled, dis- 
sected, etc. 

Then, there were unwilling witnesses 
who, when hotly pressed, declined to an- 
swer concerning the secrets of the En- 
dowment House; said the Endowments 
were for future use, and were not to be 
made public. 'Tn this they are like the 
Masonic ceremonies," said the witness. 
Again and again witnesses took refuge 
and sought escape from the troublesome 
inquest of the court by saying that those 
matters and ceremonies were moral and 
religious rites to which the United States 
government had no right, and thus they 
stubbornly refused to let in the light upon 
these secret and scandalous ceremonies — 
all the time protesting that there was 
nothing in them whatever that conflicted 
with good and honest citizenship and 
loyalty to the flag, country and constitu- 
tion. Even Wilford Woodruff, at that 
time president of the Morman church, 
characterized the trial as an unrighteous 
persecution, and said : ''You might as well 
ask why a Mason, if he were placed on 
the witness stand, should refuse to reveal 
the rites and signs of that order. I my- 



December, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



229 



,self am a Master Mason, and have been 
informed that many Masons have been 
indignant at the attempt that has been 
made to extort personal information from 
Mormons. Members of other benevolent 
societies can see that their rights and or- 
ganizations would be endangered should 
such proceedings carry." After a lengthy, 
legal and exhaustive examination of the 
questions in issue. Judge Anderson hand- 
ed down his verdict in the case, requir- 
ing an hour and a half in its delivery. 
The facts elicited through testimony show 
that the disloyal, diabolical oaths of this 
secret organization were a much greater 
menace to our government than the oath 
of the Typographical Union, over which 
so much ado has been recently made. We 
dare not trench further upon the patience 
of the reader than to give a few classic 
finding from the verdict of the learned 
jurist, who said : 

"The Mormon Church teaches : 
1st, That it is the actual and veritable 
kingdom of God upon earth — not in its 
fullness, because Christ has not yet come 
to rule in person ; but for the present 
he rules through the priesthood of the 
church, who are his viceregents upon 
earth. 

2d, That this kingdom is both a tem- 
poral and a spiritual kingdom, and should 
rightly control, and is entitled to the high- 
est allegiance of men. 

3d, That this kingdom will overthrow 
the United States and all other govern- 
ments, after which Christ will reign in 
person. 

4th, That the doctrine of Blood Atone- 
ment is of God, and that under it cer- 
tain sins, which the blood of Jesus Christ 
cannot atone for, may be remitted by 
shedding the blood of the transgressor. 

5th, That polygamy is a command of 
God, which if a member obeys he will be 
exalted in the future life above those who 
do not. 

6th, That the congress of the United 
States has no right under the constitution 
to pass any law in any manner interfer- 
ing with the practice of the Mormon re- 
ligion, and that acts of congress against 
polygamy and disfranchising those who 
practice it are unwarranted interferences 
with their religion, 

*'Can men be made true and loyal citi- 



zens by such teachings, or are they likely 
to remain so, surrounded by such in- 
fluences? Will men become attached to 
the principles of the constitution of the 
United States when they hear the gov- 
ernment constantly denounced as tyran- 
nical and oppressive ? It would be as 
unreasonable to expect such a result as 
it would be to expect grapes from thorns 
or figs from thistles. 

"The evidence in this case establishes 
unquestionably that the teachings, prac- 
tice and aims of the Mormon church are 
antagonistic to the government of the 
United States, utterly subversive of good 
morals and the well-being of society, and 
that its members are actuated by a feel- 
ing of hostility toward the government 
and its laws ; and therefore an alien who 
is a member of said church is not a fit 
person to be made a citizen of the United 
States." 

Any one at all familiar with the litera- 
ture of the major secret orders must dis- 
cover an intimate correlation between 
them and the disloyal and blasphemous 
teachings of the Mormon church so tren- 
chantly shown by Judge Anderson above. 

Were the "Latter Day Saints" the only 
organization the fealty of whose govern- 
ment could be fairly questioned, congress 
would before breakfast declare Senator 
Smoot's seat vacant. But men do not 
usually care to appear too glaringly in- 
consistent. Many congressmen hold their 
office by virtue of belonging to secret fra- 
ternities requiring sworn obligations to 
objects other than the United States gov- 
ernment. 

For these reasons congress is not like- 
ly to disturb Mr. Smoot ; to do so might 
imperil the seat of many another. It is 
easy to cast aspersions upon the ecclesi- 
astical relations of Utah's citizens, but 
no one has the temerity to call them a 
stupid people, or to charge them with a 
lack of legal acumen, or that they do not 
know their relative rights under the con- 
stitution. 

Were Utah's senator-elect deprived of 
his seat for lack of fealty, he might, and 
that too with some justification, show 
how other societies and fraternities than 
the Mormon church are related to the 
United States government. It might em- 
barrass those who favor the expulsion 



230 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



of the senator to find in his record any- 
thing to match the disloyal and treason- 
able utterances of the Masonic fraternity, 
which recognized no civil authority. 

These quotations are taken from stand- 
ard Masonic works showing Masonry's 

claims : 

"IT IS THE COVENANT THAT MAKES 
THE MASON." 

"NO LAW OP THE LAND CAN AF- 
FECT IT. NO ANATHEMA OF THE 
CHURCH CAN WEAKEN IT."— Webb's 
Monitor, by Rob Morris. Page 240. 

This covenant assumes authority above 

all civil or ecclesiastic power. 

"IT (THE COVENANT) IS IRREVOCA- 
BLE."— Idem. Page 240. 

Report on Foreign Correspondence to 
the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire for 
1876, p. 59 : 

"The municipal law of the land, is, as 
siich, of no binding force in the government 
of the Masonic institution." 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of 
New Hampshire, 1876, p. 49 : 

"Freemiasonry is a law unto itself, it 
treats many acts as crimes which the law 
of the land does not." 

An official of a Grand Lodge in Mis- 
souri said in his report of 1867: 

"Not only do we know no North, no South, 
no East, no West, but we know no govern- 
ment, save our own. To every government, 
save that of Masonry, and to each other and 
all alike, we are foreigners. We are a na- 
tion of men bound to each other only by 
Masonic ties, as citizens of the world, and 
that world of Masonry; brethren to each 
other all the world over; foreigners to all 
the world besides." 



TllEKlxN(fSCHAMP10N. 



BY SUSAN FIDELITE HINMAN. 



A FREE EDUCATION FOR SUNDAY 
SCHOOL WORKERS. 

A plan has been devised by which any 
young man who has one hundred dollars, 
by depositing that sum with the college 
treasurer, can study six months in each of 
three consecutive years in college, work 
the other six months for the American 
Sunday School Union, and at the close of 
his three years of study and work, if it 
has been successfully done, receive a cer- 
tificate from the college and also from 
the American Sunday School Union. 
Meanwhile, he will have had an excellent 
preparation for active Christian service. 
The institution making this arrangement 
is Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois. 
For detailed information, address Presi- 
dent Blanchard, at that institution. 



CHAPTER II. 



The Beginning of the Campaign. 

David's first encounter with the ene- 
my was far from spectacular. Pie be- 
gan, very humbly, by making an ap- 
pointment to preach at a little country 
church where he 'had held occasional 
services during his college days. At 
that time it had had no pastor, but now 
it had secured the services of an aged 
minister, who, having passed the ''dead- 
line" in the ministerial profession, was 
glad to accept the meager salary offered 
by the rural congregation. The Rev. 
Mr. Morrison had the timidity of age. 
He called the stalwart young champion 
out backside the church after the con- 
gregation had gathered and motioning 
him to a seat on an oak stump, began, 
"You know, Mr. Lorimer, our people 
are very peculiar and very sensitive." 

David wondered whither this might 
tend. 

''The Grange is very strong in this 
community and many of our men are 
Masons. They know ni}^ position on 
the subject of secret societies, though 
I try to be very discreet in what I say. 
There really is no use" — he frowned 
nervously, as if anticipating contradic- 
tion — "there really is no use in rousing 
needless prejudice." 

David let this tautological statement 
pass unchallenged. 

*T know you are very young, and I 
thought it not amiss to warn you to be 
cautious. I really don't think, Mr. Lor- 
imer, that our people are prepared to 
hear a sermon on Secret societies this 
morning." 

"Oh!" said David, relieved. "I had 
no intention of making the lodge my 
theme this morning. I have prepared 
a simple, Gospel sermon ; but with your 
permission, I should like to invite those 
in the congregation who are interested 
in a discussion of the lodge, to come 
and hear me on that subject to-morrow 
night." 

"Very well, I'll mention it when I give 
out the notices." 



December, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



231 



The invitation thus given was very 
lukewarm indeed. Perhaps the old min- 
ister trusted too much to his congrega- 
tion's knowledge of his position on the 
question of secret societies. At all 
events, David decided to spend the next 
day in calling on the farmers of the lo- 
cality and issuing invitations on his own 
account. 

He found one honest lord of the soil 
departing for the hayfield. Walking be- 
side him, David began stating the object 
of the evening's meeting. 

"Looky yere, young feller, I know yer 
object well enough. You're one of 
them kind that tries to make a livin' by 
shootin' off their mouth instid of work- 
in' with their ban's. I'd hev a heap 
more respec' fer ye if ye'd take off yer 
coat and wrastle with that bunch of hay 
yonder." 

, ''AH right !" responded the young 
man. 'T'm a farmer's son, and I've had 
as much experience in the hayfield as 
any man of my age." 

"Hoho, sonny ! Any youngster of 
yer age, ye mean. Yer a good, strappin' 
lad, though," he added admiringly as 
David removed his coat. *'But say, 
thet biled shirt o' yourn ain't no sort o' 
rig for the hayiield." 

*T have a blue one in my grip, but 
that's at Deacon Porter's." 

*'Say, you're a fine anti-Mason, ain't 
ye, talkin' about yer grips! I'm aston- 
ished at ye. But I guess we c'n fit ye 
out if ye really want to work." 

A few moments later, David was in 
the hayfield. where he speedily made 
good his boast. The old farmer chuckled. 
"Wal, I guess I'll hev to admit that ye 
know how to work sunthin' besides yer 
jaw. I dunno but we're fur enough 
ahead so'st I c'n go an' hear ye to- 
night." 

This last remark he made at the 
dinner-table. Presently, however, he 
added, ''How come a youngster like you 
to try to buck agin' an institution three 
or four thousand vear old?" 

David laid down his fork. "The most 
intelligent Masons are discarding the 
claim of their order to high antiquity. 
The truth is, as Mackey tells us in his 
'Lexicon of Freemasonry,' that the or- 
der as it now exists originated in the 



Apple-tree Tavern, London, less than a 
hundred and seventy years ago." 

"Sho ! Ye don't say ! Wal, I never 
thought King Solomon was responsible 
fer all that monkey-work. But ye haiti't 
nothin' agin' the Grange, now, hev ye? 
Our folks here are powerful struck on 
the Grange, hain't they, Ma?" 

"There is one strong objection to all 
the minor secret orders, and that is, 
that, like the more important orders, 
they all involve the erroneous principle 
of secrecy." 

"Now stop right there? That's Bill's 
shirt ye got on, ain't it ?" 

"Why, yes, I think your wife told 



me so 



Ye took mighty good care ma an' 
the girls wa'nt around when ye put it 
on, didn't ye?" 

"Father !" protested his wife, while the 
girls turned crimson and studied their 
plates. 

"Yes," answered David good-natur- 
edly, "but I took no oath of secrecy 
when I entered Bill's room, and no tyler 
stood outside to guard it against all %,'ho 
could not give some ridiculous pass- 
word. There is a distinction, you must 
admit, between privacy and secrecy." 

The old man was too shrewd not to 
see the point. 

"The fact is," pursued David, "that 
most of the minor secret orders were 
devised by Masons as feeders for their 
own organization — on the same princi- 
ple that beer and wine lead to stronger 
drinks. All of them are dangerous m 
that they contain alcohol." 

"See here, young man, I lost a broth- 
er through strong drink, and I won't let 
any man go ahead of me on temperance. 
Hain't made a drop o' cider in nineteen 
years. Folks call me a reg'lar ole crank. 
I don't suppose ye go agin tlie Good 
Templars an' Sons o' Temperance, do 



ve: 



"Their object, no doubt, is good, but 
I believe they are greatly mistaken in 
their methods. Only a Jesuit ' (and 
they, too, are secretists, you know) 
would sanction doing;- evil that qood mav 
come. To plant the seeds of secrecy to 
root out the evil growth of intemper- 
ance, is like planting cockle to root out 
the weeds among: the wheat." 



232 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



"1 dunno. Yer goin' a leetel too fast 
fer me. I hain't perpared to admit that 
secrecy is wrong." 

"Our Lord declared, *In secret have 
I said nothing.' Secrecy is always sus- 
picious. No good work carried on in 
a free country and under normal condi- 
tions needs the protection of secrecy. 
Organized secrecy is in its very nature 
a menace to free institutions." 

"Mebbe yer right. I'll hev to think 
that over. I cal'late we'll mebbe git 
more lig^ht this evenin'." 

Thus, with friendliest feelings on both 
sides, David left the home of Farmer 
Johnson. 

Some of the young men of the com- 
munity fel't that evening that the occa- 
sion warranted a little horse-play at the 
young lecturer's expense. Farmer 
Johnson overheard some tentative sug- 
gestions put forth by a nephew of his 
own. 

''Now see here," he protested boldly, 
*'ten hours ago I mig'ht a' sided in with 
yt, or, leastways, kinder winked at sech 
carryin's-'on ; ibut since 'then, I tell ye, 
I've come to know thet young feller. 
He knows how to pitch hay; an' I, fer 
one, want to see if he c'n do as good a 
job arguin' as he done this mornin' in 
my hayfield. Give him a fair show, says 
I." 

Farmer Johnson was a man of wealth 
and standing in the rural community ; 
moreover, he was connected by ties of 
blood and marriage with half the town- 
ship ; so his influence carried the day 
and secured for the young lecturer a 
fair and friendly hearing. In return, Jie 
offered his audience an opportunity to 
debate the question, but the young 
farmers, conscious of possessing no 
such oratorial gifts as Lorimer's — to say 
nothing of his "book-larnin' " — mod- 
estly remained silent, not wishing to in- 
cur tlie ridicule of their fair companions. 
David soon decided to postpone the 
remainder of his rural campaign till af- 
ter harvest, and meantime to visit the 
neighboring towns and cities. Here his 
frank, genial bearing and his unques- 
tionable oratorical power, secured, in 
general, a remarkably favorable hearing 
for his unpopular theme. 

Once or twice he assisted in that pro- 



cess of "fighting the devil WTth fire," the 
public working of the first three de- 
grees of Masonry. The savage response 
of. the order to this exposition of their 
secrets was a suf^cient acknowledg- 
ment of its truthfulness. On one such 
occasion w^ien the fury of Masonic rage 
silenced an aged and venerable man,, 
Lorimer started up in a transport of in- 
dignation. "Cowards !" he hissed, "have 
you no reverence for white hairs ?" Un- 
consciously, as he spoke, he tossed back 
his own black, waving locks in splendid 
defiance. His dramatic act only roused 
the mob to greater madness. He at 
once became the target for missiles 
which filled the air with the odors of a 
chemical laboratory. Such arguments 
were unanswerable and the hot-headed 
champion of truth was persuaded to re- 
treat. 

Not often, however, did the impetu- 
osity of youth lead David to fiery de- 
nunciation of the foe. Invective antag- 
onizes, but seldom convinces. David's 
addresses were usually characterized by 
reasoning of limpid clearness and strik- 
ing simplicity. His arguments were 
presented with the calmness of con- 
scious power. Moreover, he had the 
ability, sometimes wanting in reformers, 
to recognize sincerity in an opponent. 
To courtesy and tact he added a true 
sense of proportion, which viewed the 
positive upbuilding of the Kingdom as 
infinitely more important than any as- 
sault upon its foes. He gave no little 
time on various occasions to evangelistic 
work, in which he was so successful that 
at one time he thought seriously of mak- 
ing it his lifework, hut another door was 
opened nearer to his hand. 

The year's campaign with its trials 
and triumphs came to a close. Despite 
his unwelcome theme, David had won 
"golden opinions from all sorts of peo- 
ple." He had inaugurated a great work, 
which might now, in part, at least, be" 
given into other hands. 

The call from Winterbourne College 
was never repeated. In fact, some 
members of the faculty who had known 
of the president's invitation to David, 
congratulated themselves on having es- 
caped the addition to their ranks of an 
"anti-Masonic fanatic." At the year's 



December, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



233 



end, however, David received a call 
from his alma mater to join her teach-» 
ing staff. The offer, while promising 
no large financial returns, was in line 
with his tastes and desires. In addition, 
even in the field of reform it seemed to 
give him a wider opportunity. Wilmar 
College had a national reputation as the 
exponent of reform. To ally himself 
Vv^ith the college as instructor was to 
strengthen her influence and his own. 
In this way David's former teachers ar- 
gued with him, and he yielded to their 
arguments. 

Una Belden was a powerful factor in 
determining David's plans. It was her 
splendid courage that enabled him to 
turn his baclc on the flattering offer of 
Winterbourne. It was she who offered 
to share poverty with him in the service 
of their alma mater. . Her clinging to 
the simple, village life and the old home 
ties was an element in her choice, but 
David's generous love, no less than the 
•concurrence of conscience and of prov- 
idence, would have made the sacrifice of 
.ambition easy. And so, two years from 
their graduation day, they stood side 
l)y side once more in the old college 
•chapel and were married. 

David's work as instructor during 
the first few years was much diversified. 
The teaching force was so small as to 
necessitate frequent adjustments, and no 
one could confine himself to a specialty. 
In the preparatory department David 
taught all branches with equal success. 
After a few years he was given college 
work. At last the improved circum- 
stances of the college permitted him his 
choice in the range of college subjects. 
The sensitive mind of Professor Lori- 
mer had noted the deepening of the so- 
cial consciousness. *T want," he said, 
**to teach political economy." 

Wilmar had but recently inserted 
economics in her curriculum. An aged 
professor of Greek who held some Uto- 
pian theories of government, had en- 
•deavored to indoctrinate his students 
with his views, but his dreamy eye and 
hesitating speech failed to impress his 
liearers with conviction. Wilmar lacked 
as yet the means to send her professors 
abroad for a year of study with a con- 
tinuance of salary, so David gathered 



his scanty saving and conferred with his 
young wife, who cheerfully returned for 
a season with her two little ones to her 
father's house, while her husband went 
to a larger institution to prepare for his 
new work. 

(To be continued.) 



ARKANSAS SCOTCH RITE MASONRY. 



The following is a brief review of the 
history of Scottish Rite Masonry in Arkan- 
sas: "The present organization of Scottish 
Rite Masonry elates back about ten years. 
For many years before that time the rite 
was inactivie, the bodies having had the mis- 
fortune of passing through repeated fires, 
the Civil War following with all its misfor- 
tune left only a few faithful ones, whose ef- 
forts for years proved futile in the repeated 
attempts to rebuild the rite. The reorgani- 
zation was finally accomplished and from a 
very small beginning the work has progress- 
ed until to-day the rite in this State has a 
membership of nearly 550. 

"Brother Charles E. Rosenbaum, thirty- 
third degree, vice chairman of the executive 
committee for the general grand chapter con- 
vocation, is the sovereign grand inspector 
general for the State of Arkansas, having 
been elected an active member of the su- 
preme council to fill the vacancy created by 
the death of Brother James Austin Henry, 
thirty-third degree, who up to his death a 
few years ago was the sovereign grand in- 
spector general for this State and a Mason 
well known and greatly loved by his friends 
and brethren throughout the United States." 
The Arkansas Gazette. 

James A. Henry was killed in the lodge 
a few years ago, while they were initiat- 
ing in the Royal Arch degree. He fell 
headlong into the trap-door-pit and died 
soon after ; the papers said next day that 
he fell down stairs. A. J. Millard. 

Little Rock, Ark. 



A fraternal union of high priests has been 
formed in Illinois, the object of which is 
good fellowship and social enjoyment. — Tex- 
as Freemason. 

What kind of religion has High Priests 
at the present day ? 



Where no love is no hope is. Around 
that center revolve the eternal galaxies of 
joy and peace. 



It is not hard for the lips to speak when 
the heart gives the message. 



234 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



tMlorial 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 



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]\Iany will hear with sorrow of the 
death of Rev. William Fenton, of St. 
Paul, Minn. We are not acquainted with 
his family or personal history. No Chris- 
tian martyr was ever more faithful to his 
convictions. Rev. E. R. McKenney 
preached the funeral sermon, and after' 
the singing of hymns and prayer, true and 
tried friends carried his body to its burial 
in the Oakland Cemetery of the city 
where he had lived and labored for so 
many years. 



GREEK LETTER STUDENTS KILL. 



Martin Loew, twenty-four years old, in 
the fourth year class of the University, is 
dead. He would have graduated in June, 
1904. He was murdered by members of 
the Phi Psi Chi fraternity. An accom- 
modating Coroner's jury gave a verdict 
of death from congestion of the lungs. It 
is not known what experience he went 
through with while taking the second de- 
gree which finally killed him, but in the 
first degree he was met by twenty-five 
men. He was told to undress and after 
doing so was blindfolded and taken into 
a room, where he was laid upon a cake of 
ice. He was then carried upstairs to the 
balcony and thrown over the rail — a drop 
of twenty-five feet. On the floor beneath 
stood a number of students holding a 
sheet. 



''When Loew fell into this," said the 
doctor, "he was tossed up and down until 
he was unconscious. After being revived 
he was beaten until his body was a mass, 
of bruises." 

His cousin, Dr. Leopold Hirschmann,, 
of 61 East Eighty-sixth street, New York 
City, the home of Martin Loew, said that 
Loew ''was a strong, athletic young man, 
of the best habits, and neither drank nor 
smoked. The guilty ones should be sent 
to the gallows. They are murderers." 

Dr. Hirschmann also declared that stu- 
dents had told him enmity was expressed, 
toward Loew because he was the only 
Jew in the class. 

Lodge murders differ from most others- 
in the amount of lying and perjury con- 
nected with them and in the attempts to- 
blacken the character of the deceased. 
This case of Martin Loew is no excep- 
tion. 

The effect of these fraternities upon 
student character is often such that wy 
parent is justified in sending his child 
where the faculty allow these Greek let- 
ter fraternities to exist. The responsibil- 
ity for the death of Loew rests in the sec 
ond degree upon the faculty of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. 

The Worcester Evening Gazette well 
says in an editorial upon the murder of 
Loeiv : "The United States has set its. 
hand firmly against such practices at 
West Point, and recently has expelled 
three students who disobeyed the rule 
against hazing. No atrocities of the sort 
will be tolerated longer in the military 
academy. The students must understand 
that in inflicting bodily torment on living- 
creatures, human or animal, they show 
traits that are unsoldierly, base and cow- 
ardly. It is high time that colleges, 
throughout the land should take action 
as vigorous as that taken at West Point. 
Because a young man is a student at an 
institution of higher learning, he acquires, 
no right to perpetrate deeds of violence, 
at which any properly balanced man 
ought to bow his head in shame. 



Johnson, the drunkard, is dying to-day, 
With traces of sin on his face; 

Ple'U be missed at the lodge, at the play : 
Wanted — a boy for his place. 

— Selected. 



Deceonber. 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



235 



"SPLENETIC UTTERANCE." 



Tlip crank claims all times as his own. 
And tho anti-Masonic crank is the most per- 
sisient of his genus. There is no weather 
hot enough to evaporate his vagaries or suf- 
liC'.enily cokl to congeal his misdirected en- 
ei-gies. He is as tenacious as the germ of 
putridity and about as small. And, like the 
same bacilli, he can work only in decompos- 
ing matter, and is utterly unable to attack 
or inoculate a healthy organism. We are led 
to this splenetic utterance by receipt of a 
number of manuscripts which might be hu- 
morous were they not so lamentably pa- 
thetic. The Avriter is one of the small num- 
ber whose religion (?) is a nightmare, who 
can recognize nauglit of love and brother- 
hood and good deeds unless they shall first 
prescribe methods and formulas. Their men- 
tal vision is distorted and the whole world 
looks askew. The good Lord may have use 
for those afllicted with intellectual and moral 
strabismus, if it is only to set the standard 
of straight-sightedness for others. The man- 
uscripts which have reached us are inco- 
herent screeds directed against Masonry, 
couched in immoderate and at times unin- 
telligible language, lavishly garnished with 
Scriptural texts. They are veritable curi- 
osities of thought and expression. This par- 
ticular disciple of the Cynosure has also 
a lot of printed matter which he sends out 
tf) supplement his written absurdities. His 
knoAvledge of Masonry is on a par with the 
logic, and the whole farrago might emanate 
from the incurable ward of a lunatic asy- 
lum. 

]Sow, all this would not be worth the space 
occupied were it not to give some idea of the 
caliber of those misguided mortals Avho be- 
lieve themselves to have a mission to com- 
bat Masonry. To butt one's head against a 
wall maj-' be excellent exercise, but it is 
hardly heroic. So long as the foes of Ma- 
sonry are confined to fellows like this it need 
not fear the assault. The only attacks to 
be regretted are those made possible by the 
ir. discretions of our own members. Men too 
often forge the weapons used by their ene- 
mies, and then wonder at the wounds in- 
flicted. — Iowa, Masonic Library Bulletin, Au- 
gust, loon. 

"Our army swore terribly in Flanders," 
but did the anti-Masonic crank w^rite any- 
thing more ill natured than this? We 
know nothing more about the dreadful 
manuscripts, but from the foregoing de- 
scription of the author we discredit the 
statement that "the foes of Masonry are 
confined to fellows like this." 

Presidents of the United States and 
other eminent officials and statesmen, 
preachers of national reputation, orators 
like Phillips and rhetoricians like Adams, 
an uncounted number of those whose 
character, moral and intellectual, answers 



no such description, have been pronounc- 
ed foes of Masonry. 

It is, of cotirse, annoying to an editor 
to be pestered by a contributor who per- 
sistently mails "lamentably pathetic" 
manuscript. This editor's feelings had 
evidently been harrowed up by pathos — 
lamentable pathos at that. If these "ver- 
itable curiosities of thought and expres- 
sion" were such as to inspire the style 
in which they and their author are berat- 
ed, we only hope they will not be re- 
mailed to this office. The editor of the 
Bulletin is tendered our most "lamentably 
pathetic" sympathy, while, in copying his 
editorial, we also lend the hand of help- 
ful co-operation. 



THE NEW BOOK. 



The Ram's Horn, though a religious 
paper of more general scope, does not 
hestitate to do the work of anti-secret 
reform, as opportunity affords. Speak- 
ing of our hew book, Modern Secret So- 
cieties, it says : "This little volume of 
300 pages * '^ sets forth in a clear 
and concise manner the great underly- 
ing evils of the lodge system." From 
this source such approval comes with 
authority, and it is a matter of which 
those who desire to see light shine upon 
the darkened lodge may be glad that this 
new book already has a large circula- 
tion. 

Among other periodicals confirming 
the judgment of The Ram's Horn arc 
two whose testimonials describe the book 
justly and show wherein much of its 
great value appears to lie. 

The Wesleyan Methodist says : "Presi- 
dent Blanchard is candid, almost con- 
servative, in his statement of the facts 
and the conclusions based upon those 
facts regarding modern secret societies, 
and this gives his book that peculiar 
weight which it must have if con vine* 
ing." 

The Associate Presbyterian magazine, 
published at Chesley, Ontario, Canada, 
says : "This is just such a book as we 
have long wished for. The educational 
value of such a book can hardly be eslj- 
mated. The distribution of matter is ex- 
cellent ; the treatment, brief but compri> 
hensive ; the style simple and clear ; the 



236 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



tone unexceptionable, and the arguments 
sound and convincing."- 

We call particular attention to what is 
said of the method and tone. While re- 
form work involves a degree of severity, 
inasmuch as it implies that something 
needs to be reformed if not destroyed, 
it requires candor, sane argumentation, 
and freedom from empty rant. Dignity 
is an element of strength and conserva- 
tive statement is liable to carry more 
weight and do more execution, than fran- 
tic, breathless objurgation. We suggest 
to those who would like a book which 
they can lend with confidence, an exami- 
nation of this one, with special reference 
to its method and tone. 



OUR CHURCH AND THEIR LODGE. 



BY HENRY J. BECKER, D. D. . 



f 

i 

I 

This Booklet is written from the stand- 
point of a United Brethren in Christ (Old 
Constitution), but is also a defense of all 
'Anti-secrecy Churches. 

This is a very able Booklet of twenty- 
four pages by one well known to the 
friends of our Association. We hope that 
many will send for copies. 

Price, single copy prepaid, 5 cents. Ad- 
dress Henry J. Becker, D. D., 1618 West 
Second street, Dayton, Ohio. 



EXCLUSION OF WOMEN. 



Women are admitted to other social 
'organizations of various kinds but ex- 
pressly excluded from Masonry. Adop- 
tive lodges hold about the same relation 
to orders so far as men are concerned, as 
a Masonic insurance society does. In 
order to join the insurance society one 
must have among his various qualifica- 
tions — as freedom from disease for in- 
stance — membership in a Masonic lodge. 
In a similar way, a man going into an 
Adoptive society must be a member of a 
iodge. In the outside society he finds 
women, but his coming there does not 
make them Masons. 

Nor does it entitle them to return with 
him to the lodge. Being a Mason quali- 
fies a man to get into the woman's East- 
ern Star meeting ; being an Eastern Star 
does not qualify a woman to get into a 



Masonic meeting. Rebekahs let Oddfel- 
lows into their meetings, but Oddfellows 
do not bring Rebekahs back with them 
into the Oddfellow lodge when they return 
from the visit outside. It is a sworn rule 
of Masonry not to admit women, madmen 
and fools ; a rule regularly broken so far 
a's the last two classes are concerned, but 
rigidly enforced against women. 



FROM ONE OF OUR CRITICS, 



William Irving Phillips, Editor: 

Dear Sir: — By chance a copy of your 
"Cynosure" for October came into my pos- 
session, and I was disgusted at the ignorance 
or wanton misrepresentation of facts dis- 
played in every statement concerning the 
Roman Catholic religion. 

One of these statements, or misstatements, 
appearing on page 162 reads in part as fol- 
lows: "Every selfish, worldly organization 
is helped by advertising. Thus Roman Ca- 
tholicism gains. * * * Tjie recent death 
of the Roman Catholic Pope and the election 
of his successor was an opportunity well im- 
proved. Romanists made great gain from 
Protestant pulpit and press by this well- 
planned advertising," etc. This has the im- 
press of a clever (?) juggling of words intend- 
ed to mislead your readers. Wherein is Ro- 
man Catholicism "selfish," and a "worldly 
organization?" And if by advertising you 
mean the press announcements of the death 
of, and the tributes from Protestant pulpits 
to, the Pope, it seems to me to be an indi- 
cation of the high regard and respect in 
which the Pope was held, not only by those 
of his Own faith, but also of other religions, 
and the interest taken in him. But how was 
the "advertising" "well planned?" Has the 
Catholic church control of the daily press to 
such an extent as to demand its columns? 
Has it control over the Protesta«it pulpits? 

But this ignorance or misrepresentation 
of facts, whichever it may be, is gone one 
better by the ponderous eloquence headed 
"Roman Catholic Pagan Religion," a reprint 
from Associate Presbyterian Magazine, every 
statement of which Is either overdrawn or 
entirely false. Whoever the writer of that 
wonderful article may be, he should have 
confined his writings to dime novels. In ^try- 
ing to establish the truth of his own relig- 
ion he follows the line of least resistance and 
decries other religions; it is a much easier 
task to tear down than to construct a build- 
ing. Whether it is ignorance of the subject 
whereof he writes or wanton misrepresenta- 
tion of the facts, it reflects no credit on the 
religion for which he stands as an exponent. 
But what is the object in reprinting it? Is it 
because you, too, are in ignorance of the 
facts or knowingly wish to mislead your 
readers ? 

There is nothing secret in the Catholic re- 
ligion. The church Is ever ready to in- 



December, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN OTNO'SURB. 



237 



form those who are earnest in their quest for 
information. And it is "up to" you to en- 
lighten yourself on subjects on which you 
propose to write. You owe it to your read- 
ers to do so, and as the sources of informa- 
tion are numerous, there is no place for ex- 
cuse. Should you show an inclination to con- 
sider such information without bias, I will 
furnish an answer to the article mentioned 
herein upon your request. 

"A CATHOLIC." 

Since he regards the Roman church as 
open and not secret, our correspondent 
will readily credit a journal like the Cyno- 
sure with having one or more on its staff, 
so familiar with facts as to prevent ac- 
ceptance of his offer from resulting in re- 
ceiving first information. He will be- 
lieve, that some one connected with the 
magazine has been in various Catholic 
churches and cathedrals ; has numbered 
Catholics among acquaintances ; has had 
among these priests as well as laymen ; 
and has not been wholly ignorant of Cath- 
olic literature. However reluctant to ad- 
mit their testimony, he will probably be- 
lieve that some has been received also 
from persons who have withdrawn. We 
are, indeed, long past the time when we 
could have begun first-hand study of 
Romanism, but are willing to receive ad- 
ded light from him or any competent 
teacher. 

Will he kindly explain, then, how 
''every statement" of the copied article 
can be "overdrawn or false," to an ex- 
tent indicating "ignorance or wanton mis- 
representation," when an eminent cardi- 
nal of his own church confesses', that 
worship of the virgin, which he excuses 
in Italy, is in England wrong ? Why has 
a Catholic friend of ours said : "I don't 
see how you can pray without an image" ? 
Can he explain why a person coming to 
the worship of God alone, gives images 
away as no longer useful ; images lately 
used in Roman Catholic worship? Why 
do persons leaving the church confess, 
that, while in it, they did actually and 
directly worship things visible? How 
will he explain to us, that, having seen 
worship of this kind uncounted times, we 
did not understand what we were looking 
at? Possibly we do not, either, under- 
stand the meaning of "Thou shalt not 
bow down thyself unto them." 

Lest he should spend time on the ex- 
planation, common, as we understand, to 



Catholicism and Paganism, well recog- 
nized — that of suggestion — we will men- 
tion that we have at hand while writing, 
Keenan's Catechism, with the "imprima- 
tur" of Archbishop McClosky; third 
American edition. We know what it 
says, and what many Catholics do. Un- 
der worship, we include action more 
strictly than words of prayer, believing 
this to be the more special meaning. 

"Wherein," he asks, "is Roman Cath- 
olicism selfish and a worldly organiza- 
tion?" 

For a partial answer, we refer him to 
the "Syllabus," issued so recently as dur- 
ing our Civil War, and now standing in 
full force as a firm and irrevocable declar- 
ation. 

Worldly government by the church; 
supremacy in relation to all governments ; 
power to coerce ; power to enforce ; rec- 
ognition as the only tolerated religion; 
prohibition of every Christian religion not 
Papal ; demand of union of church and 
state, the church being only Catholic ; 
these are among things involved in the 
doctrine of a Syllabus, which naturally 
condemns "Bible Societies and other pests 
of this description." Probably nothing in 
all this looks worldly or selfish to our 
correspondent, when seen from his point 
of view. To him, all this seems very 
likely, the natural and true way things 
ought to be. 

Let him turn, then, to the practical 
working of Romanism in foreign parishes 
of America, and in lands where it has 
supremacy. Will he explain how an un- 
selfish and unworldly organization draws 
from its poor so much and bestows so 
little ? Will he make clear to us the mis- 
erable condition of countries priest and 
friar ridden? Why are poor, ignorant,, 
and vicious tribes, commonly pagan or 
Catholic ; and why have the two classes,, 
as to all that makes national and social 
life, so much in common ? How is it,, 
that, by their fruits, we know them to* 
be either Catholic or pagan, without ask- 
ing further? Let him explain to us when 
he writes, how it is not selfish or world- 
ly, when the fields of burdened toil and 
abject destitution are drained to fill a 
mighty current of ecclesiastical luxury 
and display ; and when supreme worldly 
dominion is steadfastly claimed as the 



238 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



church's unchangeable and universal aim 
and end. 

''There is nothing secret in the Cath- 
olic Religion/' says our correspondent; 
but could he say there is nothing secret 
in the Roman Catholic Church ? Is it not 
practically the greatest secret order in 
the world as a whole, and does it not 
include, as well as submit to, the greatest 
of modern secret societies, the S. J., com- 
monly known as the Jesuit order? Does 
he doubt that this society secured the 
victory of Ultramontanism in the Vati- 
can council ? Can he deny that, save in 
declaratory or demonstrative session, that 
council was as secret as a lodge meeting ; 
or that its records were kept afterward 
in secret archives of the Vatican library? 
Our specialty is secret orders, yet we 
know none that matches in power, extent, 
activity, and effectiveness of operation, 
the Catholic church acting merely in the 
confessional, and this is of manifold fea- 
tures only one. 

Does our correspondent trust that there 
is no secret work, when the very Pope 
mentioned — to name no other — was an 
eminent and devoted Jesuit? Has he 
ever heard of a Jesuit college training the 
church's leaders? How many does he 
know Roman Catholic yet not Jesuit? 
Whether the religion itself is a secret 
or not, the organizations propagating and 
supporting it are models of secrecy. Ma- 
sonry and all that ilk come lagging lame- 
ly behind. No modern order matches the 
Jesuit order. 

As to journalistic questions treated by 
our correspondent, we let his ideas stand 
as he expresses them, and do not dis- 
pute his superior knowledge of facts and 
principles pertaining to journalism. 



ROME IN SPAIN. 



A Country Where the Roman Catholic 
Church Has Full Swav. 

(Special Correspondence of the Chicago Rec- 
ord-Herald.) 
Madrid, Nov. 2, 1903.— One of the chief 
causes of the strength of tlie republican 
movement in Spain is the widespread dis- 
satisfaction among the people with the rapid 
increase of the numbers and the wealth of 
the monastic orders. Nowhere do they flour- 
ish as in Spain. Nowhere are they so wealthy 
and influential, and during the last sixteen 
years, under the regency of Queen Christina, 
they have become more than ever a privi- 
leged class. 



According to the official statistics, there 
are more than 43,000 parish priests, nine 
archbishops and forty-three bishops in Spain, 
which is an average of about one to 450 of 
the population. Under a concordat or treaty 
with the Holy See their salaries are paid 
by the Spanish government. The contribu- 
tion of the government to the support of 
the church is about $7,000,000 a year. This 
Includes subsidies to hospitals, asylums, poor 
liouses, schools and other charitable and re- 
formatory and educational institutions, 
which in Spain are almost exclusively, and, 
one might say entirely, under the control of 
the ecclesiastical authorities. It may be said 
also that so far as the charitable institutions 
are concerned, they could not be under bet- 
ter management. The schools, however, are 
scarcely worthy of a great nation. They 
are the worst that call be found in any 
civilized country, as bad as in Turkey, where 
there are no schools at all, for the policy of 
the church is to repress popular education 
and Iveep the people in a state of ignorance. 
Out of a population of 19,000,000, more than 
7,000,000 are absolutely illiterate, never hav- 
ing attended school, and more than 11,000,- 
000 cannot do more than write their own 
names. 

There are people who assert that 70 per 
cent of all the real estate in Spain, outside 
of the property of the government, belongs 
directly or indirectly 'to the religious orders. 
Others who have investigated the subject 
are more modest in their figures, and esti- 
mate that the church owns 50 per cent of 
the real estate in the cities and the farms, 
but 40 per cent, or even 30 per cent, would 
be an enormous proportion, and probably 
the actual value is somewhere between 
those figures. 

All of the orders not only hold enormous 
wealth in real property, stocks and bonds 
and other securities, but they are engaged 
in various lines of manufacture, agriculture 
and otlier enterprises in which they come 
into direct competition with ordinary busi- 
ness firms, individuals and companies. As 
they pay no taxes and are exempt from re- 
strictions which embarrass private enterprise, 
they have a valuable advantage, and are 
therefore antagonized by a large and impor- 
tant part of the community. But tliat also 
must be left for another letter. 

WILLIAM E. CURTIS. 



PARTIAL TOWARD CATHOLICISM. 



We observed in the Literary Digest of 
a few weeks ago, a criticism bearing upon 
the seeming partiality of the Associated 
Press Corporation for Roman Catholi- 
cism as against Protestantism. The fol- 
lowing item quoted by the Digest from 
the Northwestern Christian Advocate of 
Chicago, will indicate how the straws are 



December, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



239 



blowing, in the esteem of the last-named 
journal : — • 

''A few weeks ago two Methodist bish- 
ops, Foster and Hurst, died. Of the 
death of one not a line was sent out by 
the Associated Press, and scarcely a 
dozen lines concerning the death of the 
other. Yet both were greater scholars 
than Leo XIII. One, Bishop Foster, was 
one of the most eminent preachers and 
eloquent orators that America has pro- 
duced, and both represented ecclesiastical- 
ly a larger number of native Americans 
than does the Pope at Rome." Continu- 
ing, the Advocate says : "If the American 
people should become convinced of the 
fact that the great newsgathering agency 
(the Associated Press monopoly) is a to- 
tal of the Roman Catholic Church, its 
power would be lost as quickly as was 
Samson's, when short of his locks."' 

Whatever may have been the purpose 
of the Associated Press monopoly in the 
intelligence given out to the people 
through its public dispatches during the 
time when the lately deceased Roman 
pontiff was approaching his end, it is cer- 
tain that a comparatively large space in 
the daily dispatches sent out concerning 
the expiring Pope through the Associated 
Press corporation was occupied each day 
(being long and solid columns gathered 
from Catholic sources), while an aston- 
ishly small space was given to notices of 
far more general public interest, that 
chanced to be of Protestant complexion. 
The Northwestern Advocate need not be 
so nicely scrupulous about Associated 
Press matters, as if it were an uncertain 
venture to intimate their partiality for 
Rome. The truth has forced itself upon 
public conviction already, that the Asso- 
ciated Press interest has been subsidized 
to Roman advantage. It is but an added 
proof the general Romanizing drift of 
the period. The world is beginning to 
wonder at the beast. 
—The Church Herald. 



ROMAN CATHOLIC SCHOOL EDUCA- 

TION. 



There is always some channel through 
Avhich the pent up riches of the soul may 
find their way into the light. 



"'Masonry is dashed and decked with lies, 
That please the fools who deem their 
follv wise." — E. B. 



Th3 Effect of Church an 1 Sch:)ol Upon Its 
JMe 111 berg. 

The recent number of a prominent 

Italian journal. El Solfeo, furnishes the 

following statement of facts bearing 

directly upon this comparison of church 

and public school education : 

In 1870 — that is, just before Rome was 
made the capital of Italy, when the Pope 
lost his temporal power — there were in the 
city 2,469 secular clergy, among cardinals, 
bishops, prelates and cures; 2,766 monks and 
2,117 nuns; in all, 7,322 religious of both 
sexes. The number of births reached in the 
year to 4,378, of which 1,215 were legitimate 
and 3,163 illegitimate; the illegitimates, 
therefore, were more than 75 per cent. And 
all this in the city of Rome, the abode of 
"His Holiness," and swarming with holy 
bishops and priests and nuns. Nor in re- 
gard to the capital crime did the Pontifical 
States occupy a favorable position before 
they were annexed to Italy by Victor Im- 
manuel. The statistics relating to the latest 
years of the Pope's government show that 
there was committed one murder in England 
for every 187,000 inhabitants; in Holland, 
one for every 168,000; in Russia, one for 
every 100,000; in Australia, one for every 
4,113; in Naples, one for every 2,750; and in 
the States of the Pope, one for every 750! !'. 
Think of it! In Protestant England one 
murder for every 187,000 inhabitants, and 
in the Papal States, under the holy gov- 
ernment of the Pope himself, a murder for 
every 750 of the population! 

An English paper says that Roman 
Catholics in Scotland are less than one- 
twelfth of the population, yet this one- 
twelfth furnishes one-third of the crim- 
inals. In England and Wales they are 
one-twentieth of the population, but they 
furnish one-fourth of the criminals. 

Dr. Orestes A. Brownson, eighteen 
years after his conversion to Romanism, 
wrote a paper entitled, ^'Protestantism 
and Infidelity," in which he said: 

The worst governed cities in the Union 
are precisely those in which Catholics are 
the most influential in elections, and have 
the most to do with municipal affairs. We 
furnish more than our share of the row- 
dies, the drunkards, and the vicious popu- 
lation of our large cities. The majority of 
grog-sellers in the city of New York are 
Catholics, and the portions of the city where 
grog-selling, drunkenness and filth most 
abound are those chiefly inhabited by Cath- 
olics; and we scarcely see the slightest effort 
made for a reformation. 

p^ather Elliott in the Catholic World 



240 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



of September, 1890, made this most sig- 
nificant confession : 

The horrible truth is, that in many cities, 
big and little, we have something like a mo- 
.nopoly of selling liquor, and in not a few 
something equivalent to a monopoly of get- 
ting drunk. I hate to acknowledge it, yet 
from Catholic domiciles — miscalled homes — 
in those cities and towns three-fourths of 
the public paupers creep annually to the 
almshouses, and more than half the crimi- 
nals snatched away by police to prison are, 
by baptism and training, members of our 
church. Can anyone deny this, or can any- 
one deny that the identity of nominal Cath- 
olics and pauperism existing in our chief 
centers of population is owing to the drunk- 
enness of Roman Catholics? For twenty 
years the clergy of this parish have had a 
hard and uneven fight to keep saloons from 
the very church doors, because the neigh- 
borhood of the Roman Catholic church is a 
good stand for the saloon business; and this 
equally so in nearly every city in America. 
Who has not burned with shame to run the 
gauntlet of the saloons lining the way to the 
Roman Catholic cemetery? 

A recent issue of the New York Sim 
has the following report of the inaugu- 
ration of a Roman Catholic bishop in one 

of the great cities of the Empire State : 
Buffalo gave Dr. Colton, her new Roman 
Catholic bishop, a great welcome. Every 
saloon in town was ablaze with flags and 
signs of hospitality. They vied with the 
vaudeville theaters in the size of their elec- 
tric light and floral designs, which spelledl 
out to the astonished prelate, "Welcome to 
Our Bishop." 

In the summer of 1901 Cincinnati en- 
tertained the International Endeavor 
Society and the Catholic Knights of St. 
John. If a single saloon had the hardi- 
hood to show a bit of color or print a 
word of welcome to the Endeavor So- 
ciety, we did not discover it. If they 
had done so, the Endeavorers would 
have regarded their welcome as an in- 
sult. Outside of their regular custom- 
ers, the saloons were quiet as a funeral 
when the great throng of Christian En- 
deavorers were in the city. Following the 
Endeavor Convention, the Catholic 
Knights made their appearance, and, as 
a matter of course, they were welcomed 
by the church authorities. As we re- 
call, they went in a body to the cathe- 
dral and listened to a sermon from a 
high church dignitary. But the most 
spectacular part of their welcome was 
from the majority of the saloons of the 
city. Everywhere over drinking-places 
were profuse decorations and banners 



hung out with the inscription, "Wel- 
come, Knights of St. John." The, ap- 
pearance of the great majority of these 
religious Knights indicated that the sa- 
loons made no mistake in their cordial 
welcome. The contrast between the 
general appearance of the Endeavorers 
and the Knights was well reflected in 
the attitude of the saloons tow^ard the 
two representative bodies. These two 
incidents are a demonstration which ren- 
der vain and hypocritical the preten- 
tious statements of the Cardinal and of 
his subject bishops and archbishops 
about the comparative defects in the 
public school education. These Endeav- 
orers were educated in the public 
schools, and received their religious in- 
struction in churches that foster patriot- 
ism along with religion. The Knights 
were reared under influences hostile to- 
our public school system, and listened to. 
religious teachers who taught them that 
their first allegiance is to a foreigner — a 
would-be temporal ruler on the banks, 
of the Tiber. — Christian Standard. 



THE NEW EDITION OF THE FUNK & 
WAGNALLS STANDARD DICTIONARY. 



If proof were needed that language is 
a living, growing organism it is amply 
afforded by the imposing volume Just is- 
sued by the Funk & Wagnalk Company.. 
A glance through the pages of the new 
and revised edition of the Standard Dic- 
tionary, elegantly bound in regal red 
Russia leather, reveals the fact that it 
has been carefully revised both textually 
and pictorially, and greatly enlarged.. 
Among the many noticeable definitive and 
illustrative changes in the body of the 
work, mention may be made of those 
under the word admiral, which has been 
recast to embrace the promotion of Com- 
modore Dewey to that grade in 1898;. 
ambrotype, an etymological change;; 
mayor, a change necessitated by the ap- 
pointment of new lord-mayors in Great 
Britain ; locomotive, where alongside of 
the side-elevation of one of the engines, 
that hauls the Empire State Express ap- 
pears an outline of George Stephenson's: 
''Rocket." Many other changes are not- 
ed under coat, logats, pinch, plankton,, 
shako, smokestack, submarine, timocracy^ 
etc. 



December, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



241 



An examination of the colored plates 
discloses the fact that several of these 
have been entirely redrawn, and now 
show all the changes made during the 
past ten years in coats-of-arms, decora- 
tions, flags, etc. Several new plates have 
been added, and among them may be 
mentioned one of American and Europ- 
ean butterflies and moths, showing 
ninety-three varieties reproduced on a 
uniform scale of one-half the natural size, 
in 12 colors. The key to this 
plate gives both the vernacular and 
the scientific names of each of the 
species illustrated. Another plate 
shows 20 examples of the common woods 
of America and Europe in radial section. 
This plate has been produced from slices 
of live woods cut from one-sixtieth to one 
one hundred and sixtieth of an inch in 
thickness. The specimen^, show both 
heart and sap-woods, all perfect in color. 
Every fiber in the structure of the wood 
is shown. A third presents the uniforms 
of the armies of the six great powers of 
Europe ; a fourth, the uniforms of the 
army of the United States drawn by H. 
Ogden, artist to the United States De- 
partment of War. 

The Addenda, which, in the first edi- 
tion, consisted of but two scantily filled 
pages, has been amplified in the new 
edition to about one hundred pages close- 
ly packed with new words, and new 
meanings of old words, covering all fields, 
as will be seen from the following, which 
we quote at random : authors (a game) ; 
electron (electro-physics) ; escalator 
(moving stairway) ; gold-brick; graft 
(new meanings) ; greengrocery; gridiron 
(in football); marconigram; megafog 
(fog-signahng apparatus) ; merger (re- 
cent sense) ; osteopath (medical) ; roof- 
garden; Rosh Hashana (Jewish New- 
year) ; syntony (wireless telegraphy) ; 
toe (verb, in golf). It is hard to believe 
that such words are now recognized by 
a dictionary for the first time, but com- 
parison with other dictionaries proves 
this to be a fact. 

Notwithstanding the exacting rules of 
exclusion and inclusion applied to new 
words by the editors of this world-famed 
work, over seventeen thousand new 
terms, or new meanings of old words, 
have been admitted into this volume. 



These are all terms found in living liter« 
ature, and not one obsolete word or mean- 
ing is among them. Great care has been 
taken to reject such words as did not 
comply with the rule "admit only those 
words that are so frequently used in 
books or in current literature as to cause 
their spelling, pronunciation, or meaning 
to be frequently inquired after." 

This dictionary now records the amaz- 
ing number of 317,000 words, 272,000 
more than the first edition of Johnson's 
Dictionary, 212,000 more than Worces- 
ter's latest, nearly 100,000 more than the 
latest Century Dictionary, and 167,000 
more than Webster's latest edition. In 
reference to the rapidly increasing size 
of the dictionary, the editor-in-chief of 
the Standard said recently : 

'Tn my experience the great strain is 
to keep words out of the dictionary, not 
in compassing sea and land to find words 
to make it larger. While making it, the 
increasing size of our dictionary was a 
source of constant anxiety. The limit 
which commercial requirements had fix- 
ed was 2,100 quarto pages. If we had 
ever had 'a heated enthusiasm for big- 
ness,' the fever quickly subsided. There- 
was no necessity to catch words hot from, 
the bat, so alarmingly abundant — super- 
abundant — are those that have had time 
to cool. The constant instruction to the 
editors of the various departments was 
to exclude every word that could be 
omitted without injury. Take this fact: 
there were on our vocabulary-cards over 
500,000 terms, every one having been 
'located' in some book or reputable peri- 
odical. We threw out neck and crop, 
over 200,000 of these by the rigid appli- 
cation of the following rule of exclusion : 
Omit all words that would not be in- 
quired after by a considerable number of 
people." 

The principle that it is the business of 
a dictionary to record usage, not to make 
a language, is a sound one. It is not for 
a dictionary to say what words should be 
used or should not be used, but it should 
answer questions concerning words that 
arc used — questions relating to their 
spelling, pronunciation, and meaning, and 
this the Standard Dictionary dc^es. To 
undertake to dictate what words the peo* 
pie should use would be an impertinence. 



242 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



December, 1903. 



The people make the language; the lan- 
.guage is broad, based on the people's 
will. In so far as a dictionary omits to 
record words widely used by the people, 
it is faulty; for it should be the chief 
object of a dictionary to help those who 
consult it to understand the sense of 
what they hear and read. 

We are glad to see that this edition 
•of the Standard Dictionary follows the 
rule originally laid down by its editors 
to stigmatize words which, in the judg- 
ment of the editors, are in disrepute as 
^'vulgar," "slang," "colloquial" ; or are 
falling into disuse, as "archaic," "obsoles- 
cent," "obsolete." It strikes us that it is 
"far better to stigmatize thus than to omit 
w^ords in such common use as boycott, 
chesty, graft, etc. 

Funk & Wagnalls Company, publish- 
ers. New York, 30 Lafayette place. 



®bttttart|» 



REV. WILLIAM FENTON. 



336 E. 7th St., St. Paul, Minn. 
Editor Cynosure : 

Dear Sir — I herewith enclose a few 
lines I penned in memorial to my es- 
teemed friend, William Fenton, of St. 
:Paul. 

I have known him more or less since 
T settled ihere in 1885, and I have always 
known him as an earnest and indefati- 
g-able "Worker in God's Vineyard." His 
zeal in the cause of Jesus Christ and hu- 
manity was commendable, and the 
teaching in God's Word, namely : 
"Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do 
with thy might," was particularly appli- 
cable to him. It was not merely saying 
with him, but it was doing. It was pure- 
ly a case of actions speaking louder than 
words. Christians and others have tes- 
tified that they have been much bene- 
•^ted by his life and preaching. As in 
.xne language of the hymn : 

1^- ■ < 

"He was here among us. 
The true and the tried ; 
He stood by his colors ; 
J^Je was on the Lord's side." 



His chief concern appeared to be ta 
protect the "Lambs" from the "W^olves." 
It is said, "When the enemy cometh in 
like a flood, the Lord will raise up a 
standard against him," and William 
Fenton was undoubtedly the standard 
w^hom the Lord raised up. May He, 
our Blessed Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ, raise up others as sincere, zeal- 
ous and courageous as he was, is the 
prayer of one who knew him. 
Yours in Christ Jesus, 

James S. Salisbury. 



IN MEMORIAM OF THE LATE WILLIAM 
FENTON. 



A Christian Brother from our side 

Has traveled to his rest, 
Away from Sin and Strife and Pride, 

To be forever blest. 

In conflict with Satanic host, 

He boldly took his stand. 
To seek and save the human lost, 

He worked with heart and hand. 

He went among us doing good. 

Laborious in his might. 
Communion with God his daily food, 

Whilst battling for the Right. 



* 



* 



His work among us was sincere, 

He always did his best. 
And now departed from this sphere. 
He enjoys eternal rest. '^ 

God's truth most faithfully he taught, 

By example and by word, 
Showing how salvation had been bought 

By the Blood of Christ our Lord. 

^ >}^ ^ 

Well done thou good and faithful one. 

Thy Lord thou dost enjoy, 
In mansions brigfht above the sun, 

In Heaven with God mosi 
I i J. S. S. 

St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 9, 1903. 



"Southern California is becoming infected 
witli theosophy and Buddliism. At San 
Diego headquarters for the first-named cult 
have been established, with a large bank ac- 
count. It is said that the number who favor 
it is surprising. In Los Angeles a wealthy 
woman has erected a shrine to Buddha in 
her own home, and has brought there a 



T)ec.ember, 1903. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



243 



Buddhist priest to conduct weekly services, 
^'hlcli many people attend." 

The Masonic Advocate for August, 
1873, says : "Ancient Craft Masonry as 
taught in our lodges, bears precisely the 
same relation to Christianity that it does 
to Buddhism, to Mohammedanism, Juda- 
ism, or to any of the other great religions 
of the world." 



Mtm of ®ur iJori 



PRESIDENT'S LETTER. 



Dear Friends : During the past month, 
aside from other public services rendered, 
I have held meetings in Elkhart, Indiana ; 
Spring Arbor, Michigan, and Batavia, Il- 
linois. In the former city, which is a 
pleasant manufacturing town of about 
tw^o thousand inhabitants, there are six 
churches which make membership in se- 
cret societies a bar to church member- 
ship. Spring Arbor, Michigan, is a little 
Tillage about ten miles from Jackson. It 
is the seat of Spring Arbor Seminary, of 
the Free Methodist Church, an excellent 
school, which, under the leadership of its 
•efficient principal. Professor Warner, is 
accomplishing great good. More than 
•one hundred students are in attendance, 
.and the whole tone of the institution is 
strong and Christian. Professor Jones 
lias been for many years connected with 
it. Professor Moyer, who is at the head 
of the Science Department, is a more re- 
cent acquisition, and a most helpful teach- 
er. Batavia, Illinois, is, like, Elkhart, 
Indiana, a manufacturing town, and also 
like Indiana has a number of churches 
which make membership in secret socie-, 
ties a bar to church connection. 

The meetings in Elkhart were arranged 
by Rev. W. B. Stoddard, our lecturer for 
the Central States. They were held in a 
number of churches, and were marked by 
the presence of the Holy Spirit. The con- 
vcluding address was by Rev. W. S. Ja- 



coby. of Chicago Avenue Church, and 
was of marked power. 

The meetings at Spring Arbor were 
large, considering the size of the place, 
and one of the pleasant. features of them 
was the testimony of five gentlemen, who 
had been connected with one or more se- 
cret societies, but had left them for 
Christ's sake. 

The meeting in Batavia was a confer- 
ence of pastors. There were five minis- 
ters of different churches present, all of 
whom were opposed to secret societies. 
The purpose of this conference was to 
consult in regard to ways and means of 
making the testimony which the churches 
hold efficient. It was the general opinion 
that by circulation of tracts and the hold- 
ing of public meetings, the testimony of 
the Christians in this State who are op- 
posed to secret societies, could be ren- 
dered more effective. A committee was 
appointed to secure a place for holding a 
general meeting, and a tentative program 
was adopted. 

I suppose you have all been interested 
in the industrial agitations which have 
perhaps been most acute in Chicago. 
The labor unions put themselves in the 
right and their adversaries in the wrong 
by the proposition for arbitration, which 
they fepccitedly made, and the corpora- 
tions rejected. The right to strike, which 
is an unquestionable one, they exercised 
for the purpose of securing the advan- 
tages they desire. Unfortunately, the us- 
ual attempts -to accomplish by lawlessness 
and violence what they had failed to se- 
cure by protest and request, followed. 

At this writing, no one can tell pre- 
cisely how these particular agitations are 
to end, but every thoughtful person must 
see that sometime or other the law of 
Christ must take the place of the law of 
force, to which each party appeal. Cor- 
porations wield the club of hunger, un- 
ions throw stones and bricks. 

It would be foolish to say thai all the 



2M 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



Decemiber, 1903^ 



wrong was on either side, 'or tliat the 
strtiggle is to end with the triiumph of one 
party or the other. Such struggles do not 
end lin that way. There are wrongs on 
both sides, and the end must be in the 
trtumpih of humanity, which is only an- 
other way of saying the triumph of 
Christ. Meanwhile, it is the duty of all 
iChristians to pray. The lack of prayer 
in regard to all forms of Christian work 
is one .of the great defects of our church 
at the present time. It is only as we go 
to God that we shall accomplish any par- 
ticular ^^ood for men, so let us pray. 

I wish to say a single word to our 
friends in regard to their children. One 
of the sad sights of our time is to see the 
sons and .daughters of earnest Christians 
going away to schools where sometimes 
faith, soimetimes character, sometimes 
both, are destroyed. There are in the 
United States quite a large number of 
colleges like Wheaton, which train young 
people to avoid the secret societies, which 
are the snares, traps and pitfalls into 
which thousands of our young fellows are 
falling every year. Is it right that young 
men and women should be sent away to 
these schools where amateur theatricals, 
dancing, and cards, the use of narcotic 
and alcoholic stimulants and athletics are 
the great and prevailing interests ? Only 
yesterday a minister was in my office who 
told me that some years since he got a 
young man started for college. He asked 
him to go to a Christian school. He went 
away, however, to a State University. He 
intended, when he went" away, to be a 
minister. Now he is an actor. Is this 
the sort of thing the readers of The Cyno- 
sure wish for their sons and daughters? 
If not, let them care for them. 

At this present hour at Wheaton sev- 
eral young men who know something 
about the printing business, especially if 
they were pressmen, could secure good 
employment and pursue their studies. 



Many of our readers have ample > means- 
and can send their children where they 
please. Ought they not to be sent to* 
some place where they may be trained for 
Christian life and service? Fraternally 
yours, Charles A. Blanchard. 



W. B. STODDARD'S LETTER.. 



Iowa Convention, Indiana Convention — Spe- 
• cial Attention I<* Callel to tlie 
New Jersey Convention. 

Washington, D. C, Nov. i8, 1903. 

Dear Cynosure : Since my last report: 
we have held two conventions. In the- 
preparations for the Iowa gathering,, 
meetings at Wayland, Swedesburg and. 
Kalona were not previously noted. The 
meetings at Wayland and Kalona were in-. 
Mennonite churches, while that at 
Swedesburg was in the Lutheran Chu